Peritoneal Dialysis Solutions (Updated - Currently in Shortage)

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Source: FDA Drug Shortages - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 8 November 2018Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and BiologyAuthor(s): Siyun Xiang, Qiman Jin, Fangyi Xu, Ying Yao, Wangqun Liang, Xuezhi Zuo, Ting Ye, Chenjiang YingAbstractThe present study aims to assess arsenic accumulation and explore its association with renal function and biomarkers of CVD risk in chronic kidney disease patients receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The serum was collected from 87 CAPD patients and 26 healthy subjects between 2015 and 2016. The arsenic concentration was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. Clin...
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlthough patients initiating dialysis therapy using peritoneal dialysis had a lower AF incidence during the first 90 days of ESRD, there was no major difference in AF incidence thereafter. The value of interventions to reduce the early excess AF risk in patients receiving hemodialysis may warrant further study.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
To examine serum angiopoietin-2 (Angpt-2) in relation to malnutrition, inflammation, atherosclerosis and cardiac valvular calcification, so-called MIAC syndrome and its predictive role in outcomes of peritonea...
Source: Journal of Translational Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
With the rising incidence of chronic kidney disease, there has been a steady growth of the hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) population. Prevalence of obesity has also been on the rise. It has been proposed by some that obesity helps with survival in HD and possibly in PD patients —a concept called “Reverse Epidemiology.” Here, we attempt to explore this phenomenon in the HD and PD populations and see specifically if it is time to reverse this concept. A MEDLINE search was performed using search terms: obesity, body mass index, end-stage renal disease, HD, PD, renal dia lysis, mortality, surv...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Lesions at the PD catheter exit site are usually treated for infections. However, for ulcers that are painful, rapidly expanding, nonhealing, and unresponsive to antibiotics, PG should be considered as a differential diagnosis. This is the first reported case of PG occurring at the exit site of a PD catheter.Case Rep Nephrol Dial 2018;8:239 –245
Source: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this large cohort of infants who received chronic peritoneal dialysis over more than two decades, the probability of survival after initiating CPD in the first year of life has significantly improved. There is no difference in the probability of death for neonates compared to older infants. However, the mortality rate remains substantial in association with multiple risk factors.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Authors: Piccoli GB, Cabiddu G, Gallieni M Abstract Pregnancy in dialysis patients is a rare but important event that challenges our knowledge and demands re-thinking many aspects of our practice, including vascular access. This editorial briefly discusses some open questions on vascular access in this situation that challenge the motto 'fistula first' and underline the need for personalised approaches. Information on vascular access in pregnant women is scant. Different approaches may be considered between women on dialysis already on a well-functioning tunnelled catheter and newly placed catheters: while a tunnel...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
Conclusion: The use of icodextrin is associated with a lower incidence and risk of stroke in PD patients.Nephron
Source: Nephron - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Peritoneal dialysis is not associated with less CAC or CAC progression than hemodialysis, and perhaps with even more progression. This indicates that vascular calcification does not develop less in peritoneal dialysis than in hemodialysis.Am J Nephrol 2018;48:369 –377
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Peritoneal fibrosis (PF) is characterized by progressive extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. Increasing evidence has suggested that ECM synthesis was increased in human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) under high-glucose conditions, but the effects of high-glucose peritoneal dialysis solution (PDS) on ECM synthesis have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to explore the potential mechanisms of high-glucose PDS-induced production of ECM in  HPMCs. HPMCs were stimulated by high-glucose PDS. The activity of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) was inhibited by rapamycin or regul...
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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