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Resident ‐Centered Care in 10 U.S. Nursing Homes: Residents’ Perspectives
Abstract PurposeWith increased focus on resident‐centered care (RCC) as an organizational imperative and a guiding principle of culture change for long‐term care communities, evaluation of its success has centered primarily on the organizational perspective. MethodsFor this case report, we examine resident perspectives of RCC in 10 nursing homes across the United States that had adopted RCC as a philosophy and model of care for at least 12 months with a maximum engagement of 3 years using a phenomenological approach. FindingsQualitative findings from 20 focus groups with residents in 10 nursing homes suggest that RCC ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - September 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Jill Harrison, Susan Frampton Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Rapid Response Teams: Is it Time to Reframe the Questions of Rapid Response Team Measurement?
ConclusionsWhat happens in terms of RRT process and utilization is likely to have a major impact on nurses and nursing care on general medical and surgical wards. What that impact will be depends on what we can learn from measuring with an expanded yardstick, in order to answer the question, “Do RRTs work?” Clinical RelevanceEvidence for the benefits of RRTs depends on proper framing of questions relating to their effectiveness, including the multiple ways RRTs contribute to nursing efficacy. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - September 26, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Gail G. Salvatierra, Ruth C. Bindler, Kenn B. Daratha Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ TOC
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - September 15, 2016 Category: Nursing Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Nurses ’ Use of Race in Clinical Decision Making
ConclusionsHigher reported use of race among minority nurses may be due, in part, to differential levels of racial self‐awareness. A relatively linear positive relationship between level of nursing degree nursing education and use of race suggests that a stronger foundation of knowledge about genetic ancestry, population genetics and the concept “race” and genetic ancestry may increase in clinical decision making could allow nurses to more appropriately use of race in clinical care. Integrating patient demographic characteristics into clinical decisions is an important component of nursing practice. Clinical Relevanc...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - September 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Sherrill L. Sellers, Melissa E. Moss, Kathleen Calzone, Khadijah E. Abdallah, Jean F. Jenkins, Vence L. Bonham Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Differences in Symptom Distress Based on Gender and Palliative Care Designation Among Hospitalized Patients
ConclusionsFemales need to report higher levels of symptom distress than do males for healthcare professionals to identify and document their symptoms. It can be hypothesized that females are not receiving the same attention and symptom alleviation as men. If so, this highlights a serious inequality in care that requires further exploration. Clinical RelevanceConsidering that common reasons why people seek health care are troublesome symptoms of illness, and that the clinical and demographic characteristics of inpatients are changing towards more advanced ages with serious illnesses, inadequate symptom assessment and manag...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - September 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Hanna Falk, Ingela Henoch, Anneli Ozanne, Joakim Öhlen, Eva Jakobsson Ung, Isabell Fridh, Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Kristin Falk Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Interpersonal Violence and Health in Female University Students in Spain
ConclusionsThe high prevalence of violence and its consistent association with a wide range of female university students’ health problems suggest that violence seriously compromises women's health. Clinical RelevancePrevention programs that promote harmonious social relationships among university students should be implemented. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - August 19, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: David Mart ín‐Baena, Marta Talavera, Isabel Montero‐Piñar Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Assessing Fidelity of a Community ‐Based Opioid Overdose Prevention Program: Modification of the Fidelity Checklist
Abstract BackgroundThe evaluation and maintenance of treatment fidelity is an important methodological consideration in intervention research. Treatment fidelity is the degree to which interventions are delivered as outlined by the program developers. A lack of fidelity to the intervention model has the potential to be a large source of error, including type I and type II error. Monitoring and assuring fidelity is critical to assuring the validity of the interventions. The Fidelity Checklist is a reliable and valid tool designed to measure fidelity in a group‐based parenting program. The Fidelity Checklist assesses group...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 4, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Angela Clark, Susie Breitenstein, Donna S. Martsolf, Erin L. Winstanley Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Assessing Fidelity of a Community‐Based Opioid Overdose Prevention Program: Modification of the Fidelity Checklist
Abstract BackgroundThe evaluation and maintenance of treatment fidelity is an important methodological consideration in intervention research. Treatment fidelity is the degree to which interventions are delivered as outlined by the program developers. A lack of fidelity to the intervention model has the potential to be a large source of error, including type I and type II error. Monitoring and assuring fidelity is critical to assuring the validity of the interventions. The Fidelity Checklist is a reliable and valid tool designed to measure fidelity in a group‐based parenting program. The Fidelity Checklist assesses group...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 4, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Angela Clark, Susie Breitenstein, Donna S. Martsolf, Erin L. Winstanley Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Effects of Auricular Acupressure Therapy on Primary Dysmenorrhea for Female High School Students in South Korea
ConclusionsAuricular acupressure therapy was an effective intervention for alleviating abdominal pain, back pain, and primary dysmenorrhea of female high school students in South Korea. For feasibility of the auricular acupressure therapy in practice, it is needed to train and learn the exact positions of acupoints in ear. Clinical RelevanceHealth providers should consider providing auricular acupressure therapy as an alternative method for reducing abdominal and back pain, and primary dysmenorrhea in female high school students in South Korea. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Nam Hyun Cha, Sohyune R. Sok Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Experiences of Military Spouses of Veterans With Combat ‐Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
ConclusionsMilitary spouses endure psychological stress and strain, while living with a veteran with PTSD. There is a need for more programs to support the resilience of military spouses. Clinical RelevanceLife for military spouses of veterans with PTSD is ever‐changing and unpredictable. Practitioners need to be aware of the stress that spouses experience and develop programs and interventions that bolster the resilience of military families. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Teresa W. Yambo, Mary E. Johnson, Kathleen R. Delaney, Rebekah Hamilton, Arlene Michaels Miller, Janet A. York Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Recommendations of Common Data Elements to Advance the Science of Self ‐Management of Chronic Conditions
ConclusionsThe self‐management of chronic conditions, which encompasses a considerable number of processes, behaviors, and outcomes across a broad range of chronic conditions, presents several challenges in the identification of a parsimonious set of CDEs. This initial list of recommended CDEs for use in self‐management research is provisional in that it is expected that over time it will be refined. Comment and recommended revisions are sought from the research and practice communities. Clinical RelevanceThe use of CDEs can facilitate generalizability of research findings across diverse population and interventions. (...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Shirley M. Moore, Rachel Schiffman, Drenna Waldrop ‐Valverde, Nancy S. Redeker, Donna Jo McCloskey, Miyong T. Kim, Margaret M. Heitkemper, Barbara J. Guthrie, Susan G. Dorsey, Sharron L. Docherty, Debra Barton, Donald E. Bailey, Joan K. Austin, Patricia Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Mistakes to Avoid in Scientific Writing
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

An Audit of Nursing Documentation at Three Public Hospitals in Jamaica
ConclusionsThis study highlights the weakness in nursing documentation and the need for increased training and continued monitoring of nursing documentation at the hospitals studied. Additional research regarding the factors that affect nursing documentation practice could prove useful. Clinical RelevanceThe study provides valuable information for the development of strategic risk management programs geared at improving the quality of care delivered to clients and presents an opportunity for nurse leaders to implement structured interventions geared at improving nursing documentation in Jamaica. In light of Jamaica's epide...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Jascinth Lindo, Rosain Stennett, Kayon Stephenson ‐Wilson, Kerry Ann Barrett, Donna Bunnaman MSN, Pauline Anderson‐Johnson, Veronica Waugh‐Brown, Yvonne Wint Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Integrated Review of Barriers to Cervical Cancer Screening in Sub ‐Saharan Africa
ConclusionsThe review provided evidence of barriers to Pap smear screening among sub‐Saharan women. Although there were some variations from country to country, sub‐Saharan countries share similar constraints to Pap smear screening. These findings have important implications for practice and policy. Clinical RelevanceUnderstanding the client, provider, and system barriers to cervical cancer screening could guide development of effective interventions. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Ditsapelo M. McFarland, Sarah M. Gueldner, Keitshokile D. Mogobe Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Integrated Review of Barriers to Cervical Cancer Screening in Sub‐Saharan Africa
ConclusionsThe review provided evidence of barriers to Pap smear screening among sub‐Saharan women. Although there were some variations from country to country, sub‐Saharan countries share similar constraints to Pap smear screening. These findings have important implications for practice and policy. Clinical RelevanceUnderstanding the client, provider, and system barriers to cervical cancer screening could guide development of effective interventions. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Ditsapelo M. McFarland, Sarah M. Gueldner, Keitshokile D. Mogobe Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

The Experience of Men Caring for a Partner With Multiple Sclerosis
ConclusionsResults highlight the complexity of issues surrounding this specific form of caregiving. Social expectations referring to the marital relationship and to gender norms play a central role. Clinical RelevanceFindings can help in developing ad hoc interventions to support male spousal caregivers to care for their partners. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Chiara Rollero Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

The Lived Experiences of People With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Phenomenological Study
ConclusionsThis study sought to elucidate the lived experiences of people with COPD, who perceived themselves as feeling an overwhelming sense of confinement. The interviewees displayed positive attitudes, indicating that people with COPD are willing to cope with their disease. Health practitioners should focus on educating people with COPD about their needs, encouraging them to be more positive, and assisting them in engaging in self‐management. Clinical RelevancePeople with COPD can cope with the disease and seek alternative methods to improve their health. These positive attitudes could be used to encourage self‐man...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - June 29, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Yi‐Ya Chang, Yu‐Tzu Dai, Nai‐Hui Chien, Hui‐Ya Chan Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Understanding Compassion Fatigue in Healthcare Providers: A Review of Current Literature
ConclusionsWhile CF and RCs have been explored in a myriad of medical professionals, there is little published regarding APRNs, respiratory therapists, physical therapists, and occupational therapists. More research is needed to evaluate for the presence of CF in HCPs working in a variety of settings and the degree to which it affects personal and professional well‐being, including interactions with patients, patient outcomes, and the quality of professional life. Additionally, as the definition and use of the term compassion fatigue has evolved, a need for a well‐developed concept analysis has also become evident. Cli...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - June 28, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Claire Sorenson, Beth Bolick, Karen Wright, Rebekah Hamilton Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Behavioral Interventions Targeting Chronic Pain, Depression, and Substance Use Disorder in Primary Care
ConclusionsMORE, ACT, and CBT combined with mindfulness and Motivational Interviewing had the most promising results for treating chronic pain, depression, and SUD in various combinations in primary care settings. Clinical RelevanceThe evidence is mounting that behavioral interventions such as mindfulness‐based or cognitive‐behavioral interventions are effective strategies for managing patients with comorbidities of chronic pain, depression, and SUD in primary care. Integrated delivery of behavioral interventions via group sessions, computers, and smart phones may increase patient access to treatment; save time and cos...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 5, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Kathleen Barrett, Yu‐Ping Chang Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Mobile Phone Short Message Service to Improve Malaria Pharmacoadherence in Zambia
ConclusionsSMS reminder messages did not appear to improve pharmacoadherence in malaria medication. Clinical RelevanceThe study indicates few implications to nursing practice due to the lack of association between SMS and adherence, but adds to current knowledge. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 3, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Elinda Enright Steury Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Caring for the Unseen: Using Linking Social Capital to Improve Healthcare Access to Irregular Migrants in Spain
ConclusionsImmigration and refugee data show that issues related to migration will continue. The novel strategy presented can be implemented by nurses with limited financial and physical resources in small community settings frequented by irregular migrants to improve health care. Clinical RelevanceThe health and well‐being of irregular migrants has an impact on community health. Nurses must be aware of and consider implementing novel strategies to ensure that all community members’ healthcare needs, which are a basic human right, are addressed. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Deanna Marie Mason Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Volunteer Service and Service Learning: Opportunities, Partnerships, and United Nations Millennium Development Goals
ConclusionsBefore engaging in service, volunteers should consider the types of service engagement, as well as the design of projects to include collaboration, bidirectionality, sustainability, equitable partnerships, and inclusion of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Clinical RelevanceSTTI supports the learning, knowledge, and professional development of nurses worldwide. International service and collaboration are key to the advancement of the nursing profession. Culturally relevant approaches to international service and service learning are essential to our global organization, as it aims to impact the h...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Safiya George Dalmida, Roxanne Amerson, Jennifer Foster, Leila McWhinney‐Dehaney, Mabel Magowe, Patrice K. Nicholas, Karen Pehrson, Jeanne Leffers Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

A Focused Ethnography of Baccalaureate Nursing Students Who Are Using Motivational Interviewing
ConclusionsIt is feasible for nursing students to learn MI and use this approach to enhance collaborative care in a primary care setting. The experience can be transformative for students. Clinical RelevanceSupporting patients to adopt healthy lifestyles is a significant role for nurses in practice. The findings provide key insights and strategies for nurse educators teaching students a collaborative communication approach, such as MI, to engage patients in health behavior change. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Lisa M. Howard, Beverly A. Williams Tags: HEALTH POLICY AND SYSTEMS Source Type: research

Differences in Pediatric Pain Management by Unit Types
ConclusionsAssessments were performed routinely, yet interventions and reassessments were not. Pain AIR cycle completion varied by unit type. Pain was also widely present across many unit types, and pharmacologic methods were most frequently used. Clinical RelevanceFrontline nurses are instrumental to pain management and have the ability to improve patient care and outcomes by effectively managing pain. A comprehensive understanding of it provides valuable insight into improving our practice to produce the best outcomes for pediatric patients. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Kelsea O'Neal, Danielle Olds Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Scanning the Horizon
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

An Integrative Review of Engaging Clinical Nurses in Nursing Research
ConclusionsNurse leaders can take many approaches to engage clinical nurses in research. Each organization must perform its own assessment to identify areas of opportunity. Nursing leadership can take these areas of opportunity to structure a multifaceted approach to support clinical staff in the conduct and dissemination of nursing research. Clinical RelevanceThe evidence from this review offers EBP recommendations as well as reports on the gaps in the literature related to best practices for engaging clinical nurses in nursing research. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Elizabeth Scala, Carrie Price, Jennifer Day Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Managing Work Across Shifts: Not All Shifts Are Equal
ConclusionsThe findings highlight the role of nurses’ dispositional characteristics, especially NA and in certain contexts chronotype, as well as the need to consider the nature of the work conducted on each shift within a context. Clinical RelevanceNurse managers need to consider the nature of the work conducted on each shift, whether to look at balancing workloads or setting up processes for handling spikes in workload, especially administration. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: John Rodwell, Julian Fernando Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Activities Patients and Nurses Undertake to Promote Patient Participation
ConclusionsPatient participation appears to be difficult to enact. Nurses’ controlling approach, influenced by organizational issues, was in conflict with a patient‐centered approach to care. Nurse–patient communication is one aspect of patient‐centered care enacted more frequently. Clinical RelevanceNurses may benefit from strategies at the individual and organizational level to enhance their patient‐centered practices. Fostering nurses’ communication may enhance patient‐centered practices in hospitals. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Georgia Tobiano, Andrea Marshall, Tracey Bucknall, Wendy Chaboyer Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Registered Nurses: The Curious Case of a Persistent Shortage
ConclusionsThe increased supply of nurses came from delayed retirements, higher relative hospital wages (inducing nurses in other sectors to return to hospitals), and added‐worker effects. Additional nursing hours were drawn from a pool of RNs who were not employed in health care. Clinical RelevanceThese results strongly suggest that correctly aligned incentives could reduce RN shortages without waiting for another recession. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: William G. Johnson, Richard Butler, Gevork Harootunian, Barbara Wilson, Margaret Linan Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Clinical Nurse Leader Integrated Care Delivery to Improve Care Quality: Factors Influencing Perceived Success
ConclusionsCNL initiative success is associated with modifiable organizational and implementation factors. Clinical RelevanceStudy findings can be used to inform the development of successful implementation strategies for CNL practice integration into care delivery models to improve care quality outcomes. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Miriam Bender, Marjory Williams, Wei Su, Lisle Hites Tags:   Source Type: research

Fulfill Promises and Avoid Breaches to Retain Satisfied, Committed Nurses
ConclusionsNegative experiences (i.e., breaches) were related to both increased feelings of violation and decreased feelings of trust. In contrast, positive experiences (i.e., fulfillment) increased trust but did not significantly reduce feelings of violation. Nurse and organizational managers can use these findings to improve communication with nurses so as to minimize the negative effects of breach and maximize the positive effects of fulfillment and thus improve attitudes. Clinical RelevanceNurse managers need to be careful to make promises regarding their nurses’ employment that they can fulfill and to particularly a...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: John Rodwell, Julia Ellershaw Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Satisfaction With a Family‐Focused Intervention for Mild Cognitive Impairment Dyads
ConclusionsResults documented PwMCI's satisfaction with DEMA as implemented by nurses to support PwMCI–caregiver dyads’ engagement in meaningful activity. DEMA may need revision to increase satisfaction for caregivers. Clinical RelevanceThe DEMA intervention was evaluated as useful, easy to use, and acceptable to PwMCI and their caregivers based on positive mean ratings. The study findings provide preliminary support of DEMA as a means to improve quality of life by helping to support patient and caregiver engagement in meaningful activities and problem solving. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 28, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Yvonne Yueh‐Feng Lu, Jennifer Ellis, Ziyi Yang, Michael T. Weaver, Tamilyn Bakas, Mary Guerriero Austrom, Joan E. Haase Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Satisfaction With a Family ‐Focused Intervention for Mild Cognitive Impairment Dyads
ConclusionsResults documented PwMCI's satisfaction with DEMA as implemented by nurses to support PwMCI–caregiver dyads’ engagement in meaningful activity. DEMA may need revision to increase satisfaction for caregivers. Clinical RelevanceThe DEMA intervention was evaluated as useful, easy to use, and acceptable to PwMCI and their caregivers based on positive mean ratings. The study findings provide preliminary support of DEMA as a means to improve quality of life by helping to support patient and caregiver engagement in meaningful activities and problem solving. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Yvonne Yueh ‐Feng Lu, Jennifer Ellis, Ziyi Yang, Michael T. Weaver, Tamilyn Bakas, Mary Guerriero Austrom, Joan E. Haase Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

The Impact of International Service‐Learning on Nursing Students’ Cultural Competency
ConclusionsThe research findings support nursing education program use of international service‐learning immersion experiences to foster cultural competence in nursing students. Findings from student participants demonstrated and articulated that these program experiences strengthen the process of becoming culturally competent. The research findings support the inclusion of international service‐learning experiences with debriefing and reflective learning as effective teaching strategies. Researchers have demonstrated that poor healthcare outcomes are a result of health disparities, which are then compounded by healthc...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 25, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Pamela Wolfe Kohlbry Tags: WORLD HEALTH Source Type: research

Concept Analysis of Maternal Autonomy in the Context of Breastfeeding
ConclusionsA clearer understanding of maternal autonomy in the context of breastfeeding will guide the development of a conceptual framework and expand nursing knowledge development. Clinical RelevanceA clearer definition of the concept of maternal autonomy in the context of breastfeeding will guide clinicians, researchers, and policy makers in protecting, promoting, and supporting breastfeeding globally towards achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, 2015–2030. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 25, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, Joanne Olson Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Reducing Preventable Hospitalizations With Two Models of Transitional Care
ConclusionsBoth transitional programs have value in decreasing rehospitalizations. The CNS intervention also significantly reduced ED visits for their target population. Further study with randomized controlled trials is needed to allow for a better understanding of the healthcare workforce best fitted to enhance transitional care outcomes. Future study to examine the cost savings of each of the interventions is also needed. Clinical RelevanceTransitional care programs have the potential to prevent unnecessary utilization of health care at the critical periods of transition that leave patients vulnerable to adverse events ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 13, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Jessica Morrison, Mary Val Palumbo, Betty Rambur Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Illness Representations of Injury: A Comparison of Patients and Their Caregivers
ConclusionsThis study found that patients and caregivers had negative illness representations several months after injury. Caregivers who provided care for severely injured patients or who did not share caring responsibilities perceived different extents of illness perceptions about the injury. The interventions should highlight the need to assist patients and caregivers after injury. Clinical RelevanceExploring the discrepancies in illness perceptions between injured patients and their caregivers can help clinicians to provide individualized care, and to design interventions that meet patients’ and caregivers’ needs. ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 13, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Bih‐O Lee, Jun‐Yu Fan, Chang‐Chiao Hung, Hsiang‐Chu Pai, Pi‐Ling Chou Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Parents’ Perspectives on Supporting Their Decision Making in Genome‐Wide Sequencing
ConclusionsParticipants expressed unmet decisional needs, which may have influenced the quality of their decisions. The strategies that participants suggested may help create parent‐tailored education, counseling, decision support, and informed consent processes. Clinical RelevanceHealth care professionals who offer GWS for children should assess parents’ values, priorities, and informational needs and tailor information accordingly. There are opportunities for nurses to become involved in supporting families who are considering GWS for their child. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 7, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Karen C. Li, Patricia H. Birch, Bernard M. Garrett, Maura MacPhee, Shelin Adam, Jan M. Friedman Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Exploring the Masculine Identity in the Context of HIV Prevention in Chile
ConclusionsAddressing HIV and intimate partner violence through developing education programs tailored to meet the needs of Chilean men are needed to include men in HIV prevention efforts. Clinical RelevanceSpecifically, incorporating ideas of what men consider healthy masculinity and working to destigmatize men who have sex with men are important steps in addressing the negative aspects of machismo. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Lilian Ferrer, Rosina Cianelli, Natalia Villegas, Reiley Reed, Margarita Bernales, Paula Repetto, Theodore Hufstader, Loreto Lara, Lisette Irarrázabal, Nilda Peragallo‐Montano Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Evolving Methodologies and Technologies in Nursing Science
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Methods to Succeed in Effective Knowledge Translation in Clinical Practice
ConclusionsFacilitation is positioned as the active ingredient to effectively introduce new knowledge into a clinical setting. Levels of facilitation experience are assessed in relation to the complexity of the KT task. Three core facilitation roles are identified, and structured interventions are established taking into account the nature and novelty of the evidence, the receptiveness of the clinicians, and the context or setting where the new evidence is to be introduced. Clinical RelevanceRoles such as novice, experienced, and expert facilitators have important and complementary parts to play in enabling the successful ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Alison L. Kitson, Gillian Harvey Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Simulation in Nursing Education—International Perspectives and Contemporary Scope of Practice
This article provides insights and perspectives from four experienced educators about their approaches to developing, delivering, and evaluating impactful simulation learning experiences for undergraduate nurses. A case study format has been used to illustrate the commonalities and differences of where simulation has been positioned within curricula, with examples of specialized clinical domains and others with a more generic focus. The importance of pedagogy in developing and delivering simulations is highlighted in each case study. A range of learning theories appropriate for healthcare simulations are a reminder of the ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Michelle A. Kelly, Elizabeth Berragan, Sissel Eikeland Husebø, Fiona Orr Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Visualization of Data Regarding Infections Using Eye Tracking Techniques
ConclusionsA user‐centric approach was effective in developing and evaluating visualizations for hospital infection transmission. For the visualizations designed by the users, the participants were easily able to comprehend the infection visualizations on both line graphs and infographics for simple visualization. The findings from the objective comprehension test and eye movement and subjective attitudes support the feasibility of integrating user‐centric visualization designs into electronic health records, which may inspire clinicians to be mindful of hospital infection transmission. Future studies are needed to inv...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Sunmoo Yoon, Bevin Cohen, Kenrick D. Cato, Jianfang Liu, Elaine L. Larson Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Full Implementation of Scope of Practice
ConclusionsNurses wanted to practice to the full extent of their scope of practice and felt able to do so but were hindered by administrative and not personal barriers. Clinical RelevanceEven though staff nurses with post‐basic certification had high levels of professional autonomy and self‐efficacy, many were not implementing the full extent of their scope of practice. Similar to findings from around the world, external factors, such as administrative and policy barriers, were found to thwart the full implementation of nurses' full scope of practice. Therefore, practicing nurses should be aware of these barriers and w...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Freda DeKeyser Ganz, Orly Toren, Yafit Fadlon Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Nurses as Leaders in Disaster Preparedness and Response—A Call to Action
ConclusionsThis project represents an important step toward enhancing nurses’ roles as leaders, educators, responders, policymakers, and researchers in disaster preparedness and response. Nurses and the health and human service organizations that employ them are encouraged to engage in an expansive national dialogue regarding how to best incorporate the vision and recommendations into their individual lives and the organizations for which they work. Clinical RelevanceNurses comprise the largest healthcare workforce, and opportunities exist to strengthen disaster readiness, enhance national surge capacity, and build commu...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - February 11, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Tener Goodwin Veenema, Anne Griffin, Alicia R. Gable, Linda MacIntyre, RADM Nadine Simons, Mary Pat Couig, John J. Walsh, Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Aram Dobalian, Elaine Larson Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

The Air Quality Health Index and Emergency Department Visits for Otitis Media
ConclusionsThese findings confirm that there is an association between the multipollutant Air Quality Health Index and emergency department visits for OM. The findings can be used to inform risk communication, patient education, and policy. Clinical RelevanceClinicians can use the Air Quality Health Index as an education and advocacy tool to promote and protect the health of those at high risk for OM to reduce exposures. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - February 2, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Termeh Kousha, Jessica Castner Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Five‐Year Bibliometric Review of Genomic Nursing Science Research
ConclusionsResearch‐based genomic nursing science articles are in the discovery phase of inquiry. All topics were investigated in more than one country. Healthcare disparities were addressed in few studies. Research findings from interdisciplinary teams were disseminated beyond nursing audiences, with findings addressing biologic discovery, decision making or support, and family being cited most frequently. Gaps in the reviewed articles included cross‐cutting themes, ethics, and clinical utility. Interdisciplinary research is needed to document clinical and system outcomes of genomic nursing science implementation in h...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - February 2, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Janet K. Williams, Toni Tripp‐Reimer, Sandra Daack‐Hirsch, Jennifer DeBerg Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Experiences and Lessons Learned in Using Community‐Based Participatory Research to Recruit Asian American Immigrant Research Participants
ConclusionsCBPR facilitated greater research participation among a group of immigrant Asian Americans. Researchers must be additionally mindful of the importance of building trusting relationships with their community partners, understanding the significance of shared experiences, considering fears around immigration status, and considering ongoing challenges in identifying and reaching hidden populations. Clinical RelevanceClinicians and researchers can employ CBPR principles to guide their work with Asian immigrant communities and other under‐represented groups to facilitate access to the population, improve participan...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - February 2, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Carina Katigbak, Meghan Foley, Lauren Robert, M. Katherine Hutchinson Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Why Write?
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 29, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Dying Care Interventions in the Intensive Care Unit
ConclusionsThe psychosocial and spiritual activities in the care of dying patients are used infrequently by RNs in CR ICUs. The factors limiting the implementation of palliative care interventions and strategies improving implementation warrant further study. Clinical RelevanceAssessment of nursing activities implemented in the care of dying patients in the ICU may help identify issues specific to nursing practice. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 12, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Helena Kisvetrová, David Školoudík, Eva Joanovič, Jana Konečná, Zdeňka Mikšová Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research