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Variations in estimates of underweight, overweight, and obesity in pregnant women from Argentina comparing two reference charts
ConclusionsChanges in prevalences as a result of replacing the RM with the Calvo Chart should be borne in mind to avoid misinterpretations about changes in the nutritional condition of pregnant women. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 25, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Agustina Malpeli, Mar ía G. Ferrari, Horacio F. González Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

Abstracts
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 20, 2017 Category: Biology Tags: ABSTRACT Source Type: research

Molecular polymorphisms of the ABO locus as informative markers of ancestry in Central Argentina
ConclusionsThe results demonstrate that the analysis of the ABO system constitutes a useful tool for the study of the genetic structure and evolutionary history of human populations, reflecting accurately the relative contribution of parental continental contribution to the gene pool of admixed populations. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 20, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Mar ía Pía Tavella, Angelina García, Maia Pauro, Darío A. Demarchi, Rodrigo Nores Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

Total and central obesity in elderly associated with a marker of undernutrition in early life – sitting height‐to‐stature ratio: A nutritional paradox
ConclusionThe occurrence of total and central obesity in the elderly was associated with a MU in early life. This result indicates that nutritional deficiencies in childhood may increase the risk of obesity in the elderly, a nutritional paradox. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 5, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Erika Aparecida Silveira, Carla Cristina da Concei ção Ferreira, Valéria Pagotto, Annelisa Silva e Alves de Carvalho Santos, Gustavo Velasquez‐Melendez Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

Weight, gender, and depressive symptoms in South Korea
ConclusionFor South Koreans, the stress of adhering to social norms and avoiding stigma related to body weight seems to explain the relationship between higher body weight and more depressive symptoms. Women are more vulnerable overall, but men are not immune. This study demonstrates that body concerns help explain why weight predicts depression, and more broadly supports the proposition that widespread weight‐related stigma is a potentially major, if unrecognized, driver of population‐level health disparities. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 5, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: A. A. Brewis, S. Y. Han, C. L. SturtzSreetharan Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Equation ‐derived body fat percentage indicates metabolic abnormalities among normal‐weight adults in a rural Chinese population
ConclusionsOur study suggested that high BF% based on equations may indicate adverse metabolic profiles among rural Chinese adults with a normal BMI. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 5, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Xin Liu, Yaling Zhao, Qiang Li, Shaonong Dang, Hong Yan Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

HOW MEN AGE: WHAT EVOLUTION REVEALS ABOUT MALE HEALTH AND MORTALITY Richard G. Bribiescas Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2016, $24.95 (hardcover), $14.49 (e ‐book), 177 pp.
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 28, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Benjamin C. Trumble Tags: BOOK REVIEW Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 29, Issue 1, January/February 2017
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 25, 2017 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Early life infection, but not breastfeeding, predicts adult blood telomere lengths in the Philippines
ConclusionsThese findings show that infancy diarrheal disease predicts a marker of cellular aging in adult immune cells. These findings suggest that early life infectious burden may influence late life health, or alternatively, that short TL in early life increases infectious disease susceptibility. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 25, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Dan T.A. Eisenberg, Judith B. Borja, M. Geoffrey Hayes, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Using the protein leverage hypothesis to understand socioeconomic variation in obesity
ConclusionsConsistent with the PLH, absolute protein intake was similar across SES groups. The relationship between the proportion of protein in the diet and total energy intake should be studied further in the context of real world conditions that may influence protein leverage. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 25, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Traci A. Bekelman, Carolina Santamar ía‐Ulloa, Darna L. Dufour, Lilliam Marín‐Arias, Ana Laura Dengo Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Height, BMI, and relative economic standing in children from developing countries
ConclusionsRelative economic status may protect against consequences of a negative height‐BMI association in young children in developing countries, first by promoting higher body weight among shorter children during the risk period for early‐life mortality, and afterwards by limiting body weight in shorter children when overweight and obesity become longer‐term health issues. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 25, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Jason E. Murasko Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Understanding influences of culture and history on mtDNA variation and population structure in three populations from Assam, Northeast India
ConclusionAssam has undergone multiple colonization events in the time since the initial peopling event, with populations from Southern China and Southeast Asia having the greatest influence on maternal lineages in the region. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 25, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Peter H. Rej, Ranjan Deka, Heather L. Norton Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

A comparison of skeletal maturity assessed by radiological and ultrasonic methods
ConclusionsThe ultrasonic bone age estimation is suggested for use in epidemiological surveys since the sensitivity for screening for not normal bone development is appropriate, at least within the 8–15 years age interval. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 17, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Katinka Utczas, Agota Muzsnai, Noel Cameron, Annamaria Zsakai, Eva B. Bodzsar Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Milk ejection patterns remain consistent during the first and second lactations
ConclusionMilk ejection appears to be a physiological response that is consistent across consecutive lactations within the same mother. This suggests that milk ejection characteristics are established during or prior to the first lactation. The infant appears to have little influence on the milk ejection characteristics of the mother. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 17, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Hazel Gardner, Jacqueline C. Kent, Danielle K. Prime, Ching ‐Tat Lai, Peter E. Hartmann, Donna T. Geddes Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Association of cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity with inflammatory biomarkers in young adults
ConclusionsAlthough adiposity has a stronger association than fitness with CRP and IL‐6, higher levels of fitness could be essential for maintaining low levels of IL‐6, especially in the presence of high levels of central adiposity. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 17, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Eunduck Park, Janet C. Meininger, Duck ‐Hee Kang, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Nikhil S. Padhye Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Nutritional, inflammatory, and ecological correlates of maternal retinol allocation to breast milk in agro ‐pastoral Ariaal communities of northern Kenya
ConclusionsThis exploratory study contributes toward an understanding of maternal retinol allocation. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 17, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Masako Fujita, Yun ‐Jia Lo, Eleanor Brindle Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Measuring material wealth in low ‐income settings: A conceptual and how‐to guide
Abstract Although wealth is consistently found to be an important predictor of health and well‐being, there remains debate as to the best way to conceptualize and operationalize wealth. In this article, we focus on the measurement of economic resources, which is one among many forms of wealth. We provide an overview of the process of measuring material wealth, including theoretical and conceptual considerations, a how‐to guide based on the most common approach to measurement, and a review of important theoretical and empirical questions that remain to be resolved. Throughout, we emphasize considerations particular to t...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Bonnie N. Kaiser, Daniel Hruschka, Craig Hadley Tags: METHODS SERIES (INVITED ONLY) Source Type: research

Influence of complex childhood diseases on variation in growth and skeletal development
Abstract The study of human growth and skeletal development by human biologists is framed by the larger theoretical concerns regarding the underpinnings of population variation and human evolution. This unique perspective is directly relevant to the assessment of child health and well‐being at the individual and group level, as well as the construction of growth charts. Environmental, behavioral (nutrition and physical activity), and disease‐related factors can prevent attainment of full genetic potential for growth. Undernutrition is most often the cause of growth faltering and poor skeletal development. Disease relat...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Babette S. Zemel Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Worldwide variation in human growth: 40 years later
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Robin M. Bernstein, Darna L. Dufour Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Index
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Tags: INDEX Source Type: research

How long bones grow children: Mechanistic paths to variation in human height growth
ConclusionsFinal height is a summary of the dynamic processes carried out by the growth plate cellular machinery. As these cell‐level mechanisms unfold in an individual, time‐specific manner, there are many critical points at which a genetic growth program can be enhanced or perturbed. Recognizing both the complexity and fluidity of this adaptive system questions the likelihood of a single, optimal growth pattern and instead identifies a larger bandwidth of saltatory frequencies for “normal” growth. Further inquiry into mechanistic sources of variability acting at critical organizational points of chondrogenesis ca...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Michelle Lampl, Meriah Schoen Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Breast shape (ptosis) as a marker of a woman's breast attractiveness and age: Evidence from Poland and Papua
ConclusionsBreast ptosis may be yet another physical trait that affects the perception and preferences of a potential sexual partner. The consistency in ratings between Polish and Papuan raters suggests that the tendency to assess ptotic breasts with aging and a loss of attractiveness is cross‐culturally universal. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Agata Groyecka, Agnieszka Żelaźniewicz, Michał Misiak, Maciej Karwowski, Piotr Sorokowski Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Global effects of income and income inequality on adult height and sexual dimorphism in height
ConclusionsFindings support a growing literature on the pernicious effects of inequality on growth in height and, by extension, on health. Gradients in height reflect gradients in social disadvantage. Inequality should be considered a pollutant that disempowers people from the resources needed for their own healthy growth and development and for the health and good growth of their children. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Barry Bogin, Christiane Scheffler, Michael Hermanussen Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Proceedings of the human biology association 41st annual meeting, Marriott Marquis Hotel in Atlanta, GA, April 13 ‐14, 2016
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

Segmented sleep in a nonelectric, small ‐scale agricultural society in Madagascar
ConclusionsSleep in this population is segmented, similar to the “first” sleep and “second” sleep reported in the historical record. Moreover, although average sleep duration and quality were lower than documented in Western populations, circadian rhythms were more stable across days. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: David R. Samson, Melissa B. Manus, Andrew D. Krystal, Efe Fakir, James J. Yu, Charles L. Nunn Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Deficits in anthropometric indices of nutritional status and motor performance among low birth weight children from Maputo City, Mozambique
ConclusionLBW seems to be the major factor that influences anthropometry, and is a predictor of low muscle strength and low performance on sideways movement tests. This result suggests that growth faltering in LBW children is associated with adverse health consequences, even after controlling for gender, age, fatness, and body size. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Mario Eug énio Tchamo, Marcos André Moura‐dos‐Santos, Fernanda Karina dos Santos, António Prista, Carol Góis Leandro Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Bioelectrical impedance vector reference values for assessing body composition in a Spanish child and adolescent population
ConclusionsNew tolerance ellipses have been constructed for Spanish children and adolescents by sex and age. These ellipses reflect the timing of normal childhood growth and development. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: M. P. Redondo ‐del‐Río, M. A. Camina‐Martín, J. M. Marugán‐de‐Miguelsanz, B. de‐Mateo‐Silleras Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

The relationship between loading history and proximal femoral diaphysis cross ‐sectional geometry
ConclusionsExtreme (triple‐jump) and directionally inconsistent loading (soccer and squash) necessitate a more robust skeleton compared to directionally consistent loading (high‐jump, power‐lifting, and endurance running) or non‐impact loading (swimming and non‐athletes). However, not all of these relationships were statistically significant. Thus, information gained about physical activity using bone properties is informative but limited. Accounting for the limitations, the method is applicable on fragmented skeletal material as anatomically determined cross sections can be used. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Sirpa Niinim äki, Nathaniel Narra, Laura Härkönen, Shinya Abe, Riku Nikander, Jari Hyttinen, Christopher Knüsel, Harri Sievänen Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Not just a fallback food: global patterns of insect consumption related to geography, not agriculture
ConclusionsResults suggest that insect consumption represents a dynamic human‐environment interaction, whereby insects are utilized in some of the world's lushest environments as well as areas where people have had great impact on the ecosystem. The concept that insects are a fallback food is an oversimplification that is likely rooted in Western bias against this food source. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Julie J. Lesnik Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

CHILDHOOD: ORIGINS, EVOLUTION, AND IMPLICATIONS Courtney Meehan Alyssa Crittenden (Eds.) University of New Mexico Press in Association with School for Advanced Research Press, Albuquerque, 2016, $49.95 (paperback), 376 pp.
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Samuel S. Urlacher Tags: BOOK REVIEW Source Type: research

The historical spread of Arabian Pastoralists to the eastern African Sahel evidenced by the lactase persistence −13,915*G allele and mitochondrial DNA
ConclusionsEven if the age of the most recent common ancestor of −13,915*G is ∼4 ka as shown in a previous study, our results suggest that its spread to Africa was more recent, which is consistent with the migrations of Arabic tribes. Because the incidence of sub‐Saharan mtDNA haplotypes is negatively correlated with the occurrence of −13,915*G, we suggest that the decrease of its frequency in Africa has been caused by progressive admixture of the Arabian nomads with sub‐Saharan populations. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Edita Priehodov á, Frédéric Austerlitz, Martina Čížková, Mohammed G. Mokhtar, Estella S. Poloni, Viktor Černý Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Early life trauma, post ‐traumatic stress disorder, and allostatic load in a sample of American Indian adults
ConclusionsChanges in allostatic load might reflect adaptive adjustments that maximize short‐term survival by enhancing stress reactivity, but at a cost to later health. Interventions should focus on improving access to resources for children who experience early life trauma in order to avoid PTSD and other harmful sequelae. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Zaneta Thayer, Celestina Barbosa ‐Leiker, Michael McDonell, Lonnie Nelson, Dedra Buchwald, Spero Manson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Live birth sex ratios and father's geographic origins in Jerusalem, 1964 –1976
ConclusionsA decreased sex ratio associated with ancestry in Western Asia is consistent with reduced ability to bear sons by a subset of Jewish men in the Jerusalem cohort. Lower sex ratios may be because of pregnancy stress, which may be higher in this subgroup. Alternatively, a degrading Y chromosome haplogroup or other genetic or epigenetic differences on male germ lines could affect birth ratios, such as differential exposure to an environmental agent, dietary differences, or stress. Differential stopping behaviors that favor additional pregnancies following the birth of a daughter might exacerbate these lower sex rati...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: J. Groeger, M. Opler, K. Kleinhaus, M. C. Perrin, R. Calderon ‐Margalit, O. Manor, O. Paltiel, D. Conley, S. Harlap, D. Malaspina Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Body by Darwin: How Evolution Shapes our Health and Transforms Medicine By Jeremy Taylor 304 pp. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2015. $30.00 (cloth), $18.00 (e ‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 22, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Tyler M. Barrett Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

The Primate Origins of Human Nature By Carel P. van Schaik 560 pp. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley ‐Blackwell. 2016. $169.95 (cloth), $135.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 22, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Agustin Fuentes Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 28, Issue 6, November/December 2016
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 22, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Bioarchaeology of adaptation to a marginal environment in bronze age Western China
ConclusionsCounter to the dominant narrative of environmental deterioration and subsistence system collapse, the Bronze Age residents of the Hexi Corridor show no skeletal evidence that they suffered from resource shortages or struggled to adapt in the fluctuating climate that pertained after the 4000 BP climate event. In fact, this study found that people suffered from less frailty and fewer growth disruptions after the unstable climate had persisted for some time. Therefore, in human biological terms, the Hexi Corridor did not become more marginal for human habitation during the Bronze Age. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Elizabeth Berger, Hui Wang Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Trends in cardiometabolic parameters among Spanish children from 2006 to 2010: The Cuenca study
ConclusionsThere has been a worsening of the lipid profile in schoolchildren from Cuenca, independent of weight status and age. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Paola Arellano ‐Ruiz, Antonio García‐Hermoso, Vicente Martínez‐Vizcaíno, Fernando Salcedo‐Aguilar, Miriam Garrido‐Miguel, Montserrat Solera‐Martinez Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Improved nutrition in the first 1000 days and adult human capital and health
ConclusionsThe Guatemalan studies indicate that substantial improvement in adult human capital and economic productivity resulted from the nutrition intervention. This provides a powerful argument for promoting improvements in nutrition in pregnant women and young children in low income countries. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Reynaldo Martorell Tags: FEATURE ARTICLE Source Type: research

Duration of puberty in preterm girls
ConclusionsPreterm births may be associated with shorter duration of puberty from thelarche to menarche, possibly through effects of in utero estrogen exposure, the drivers of thelarche, or the drivers of pubertal duration/progression, with potential implications for subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease and hormonal cancers. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: L. L. Hui, H. S. Lam, G. M. Leung, C. M. Schooling Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Worldwide variability in growth and its association with health: Incorporating body composition, developmental plasticity, and intergenerational effects
Abstract In their seminal book “Worldwide variation in human growth,” published in 1976, Eveleth and Tanner highlighted substantial variability within and between populations in the magnitude and schedule of human growth. In the four decades since then, research has clarified why growth variability is so closely associated with human health. First, growth patterns are strongly associated with body composition, both in the short‐ and long‐term. Poor growth in early life constrains the acquisition of lean tissue, while compensatory “catch‐up” growth may elevate body fatness. Second, these data are examples of t...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jonathan C.K. Wells Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

The ecology of anemia: Anemia prevalence and correlated factors in adult indigenous women in Argentina
ConclusionsIron deficiency represents a serious health concern for women, particularly pregnant ones. Our results suggest that both past and current nutritional ecology variables may be associated with the risk of anemia. These findings inform public health interventions, since reproductive history may be more difficult to modify than current diet. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Laura G. Goetz, Claudia Valeggia Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Association between body height and month of birth among women of European origin in northern and southern hemispheres
ConclusionsResults do not confirm a significant association between month of birth and adult body height in women. It is, however, important to see a difference in secular trends, which was large in Polish women and nonexistent in Australian females. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Iwona Rosset, El żbieta Żądzińska, Dominik Strapagiel, Agnieszka Grzelak, Maciej Henneberg Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Hay fever, asthma, and eczema and early infectious diseases among children in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
ConclusionsAllergic diseases were common among children in Kilimanjaro. The inverse association between household animals and allergy is consistent with the hygiene/old friends hypothesis; however, positive associations between allergic diseases and earth housing materials and early hospitalization with ID bear further explanation. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Katherine Wander, Bettina Shell ‐Duncan, Eleanor Brindle, Kathleen O'Connor Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Humankind: How biology and geography shape human diversity By Alexander H. Harcourt 324 pp. New York: Pegasus Books. 2015. $27.95 (cloth).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Parent ‐offspring conflict over family size in current China
ConclusionOur study contributes to evolutionary literature on parent‐offspring conflict and its influence on female reproductive strategy in modern human societies, and has also important implications for understanding fertility patterns and conducting interventions in family conflict in China. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jianghua Liu, Chongli Duan, Virpi Lummaa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Re ‐Imagining milk: Cultural and biological perspectives By Andrea S. Wiley Routledge series for creative teaching and learning in anthropology, 2nd edition, R. H. Robbins and L. A. Vivanco (Eds.), Routledge, New York, 2016, 142 pp.
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Tina Moffat Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

The influence of physical characteristics on the resting energy expenditure of youth: A meta ‐analysis
ConclusionsThese data suggest that using a linear equation including age, height, and body mass to estimate REE based on kcal·day−1 is more accurate than estimates based on body mass kcal·kg−1·h−1. Further, if kcal·kg−1·h−1 is used, including a quadratic component for the physical characteristics improves the predictive ability of the equation. Regardless of the metric, separate equations should be used for each sex. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Stephen D. Herrmann, Robert G. McMurray, Youngdeok Kim, Erik A. Willis, Minsoo Kang, Thomas McCurdy Tags: Review Source Type: research

Sociodemographic correlates and family aggregation of leukocyte telomere length in adults and children from Mesoamerica
ConclusionLTL is associated with age and height in women; food insecurity in men; and sex, parental education, parental LTL, and paternal age at birth among children. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Kerry S. Flannagan, Erica C. Jansen, Laura S. Rozek, Katie M. Rentschler, Ana Victoria Roman, Manuel Ramirez ‐Zea, Eduardo Villamor, Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Defying geometric similarity: Shape centralization in male UK offshore workers
ConclusionsAfter controlling for age, offshore workers experience spectacular “super‐centralization” of body shape, with greatest gains in abdominal depth and girth dimensions in areas of fat accumulation, and relative dimensional loss in limbs. These findings are consistent with the antecedents of sarcopenic obesity, and should be flagged as a health concern for this workforce, and for future targeted research and lifestyle interventions. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Arthur D. Stewart, Robert J. Ledingham, Graham Furnace, Hector Williams, Alan M. Nevill Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research