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Migration and nutritional status of Tarahumara schoolchildren from Chihuahua State (M éxico)
ConclusionMigration reduces stunting and increases adiposity. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 26, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Zuliana Paola Ben ítez‐Hernández, María de Lourdes De la Torre‐Díaz, Mónica Cervantes‐Borunda, Rosa Patricia Hernández‐Torres, María Dolores Cabañas, Noemí López‐Ejeda, María Dolores Marrodán Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Assortative mating for human height: A meta ‐analysis
ConclusionsPositive assortative mating for height exists in human populations, but is modest in magnitude suggesting that height is not a major factor in mate choice. Future research is necessary to understand the underlying causes of the large amount of heterogeneity observed in the degree of assortative mating across human populations, which may stem from a combination of methodological and ecological differences. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 17, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Gert Stulp, Mirre J.P. Simons, Sara Grasman, Thomas V. Pollet Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Grip strength and body composition in Turkana pastoralist children and adolescents
ConclusionsThe greater relative muscle size and grip strength values of late adolescent girls compared to boys is consistent with an earlier study of adults. The difference is likely to result from greater physical subsistence activity and greater access to food in girls than in boys. Several suggestions are given to explain why Turkana youths have relatively small muscle sizes. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 17, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Michael A. Little Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Ontogeny of modern human longitudinal body and transverse shoulder proportions
ConclusionsThe ontogeny of transverse shoulder proportions is more complex than what is observed for bi‐iliac breadth, suggesting that transverse shoulder to limb proportions are not solely influenced by ecogeographical conditions. Our analysis demonstrates that methodologies that incorporate critical dimensions of body form could shed new light on human adaptation in both paleontological and neontological contexts. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: M élanie A. Frelat, Michael Coquerelle, Erik Trinkaus Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A multianalytical approach to evaluate the association of 55 SNPs in 28 genes with obesity risk in North Indian adults
ConclusionsIn this multi‐analytical approach, FTO rs9939609 and IRX3 rs3751723, along with TCF7L2 rs7903146 and TMEM18 rs6548238, emerged as the major SNPs contributing to BMI linked obesity risk in the North Indian population. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Apurva Srivastava, Balraj Mittal, Jai Prakash, Pranjal Srivastava, Nimisha Srivastava, Neena Srivastava Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Intergenerational changes in chest size and proportions in children and adolescents aged 3 –18 from Kraków (Poland), within the last 70 years
ConclusionsThe main reason for these changes may be the socio‐economic transformation, which has been especially strong in recent decades. These results may have practical importance in many areas of knowledge, including medicine, nutritional science, and sports. They can also be important for informing preventive measures that should be taken in order to increase the physical activity of children and youth, especially boys. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Łukasz Kryst, Agnieszka Woronkowicz, Małgorzata Kowal, Jan Sobiecki Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A Companion to Dental Anthropology Joel D. Irish and G. Richard Scott (Ed.), 560 pp. Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell. 2015. $195.00 (cloth), $156.99 (e ‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: John R. Lukacs Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 28, Issue 5, September/October 2016
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 6, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Mean telomere length is not associated with current health status in a 50 ‐year‐old population sample
ConclusionsOur results suggest that telomere length measurements are unlikely to provide information of much predictive significance for an individual's health status. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 26, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Sarah Appleby, John F. Pearson, Alan Aitchison, Janet K. Spittlehouse, Peter R. Joyce, Martin A. Kennedy Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Infant lower extremity long bone growth rates: comparison of contemporary with early 20th century data using mixed effect models
ConclusionThis study provides reference standards for long bone growth rates during the dynamic period of infancy that may aid clinical assessment, and also inform research studies of disorders associated with altered skeletal growth. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 26, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Andy Tsai, Catherine Stamoulis, Ignasi Barber, Paul K. Kleinman Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Anthropometrically ‐predicted visceral adipose tissue and mortality among men and women in the third national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES III)
ConclusionsThese data provide evidence that apVAT is associated with all‐cause and cause‐specific mortality in a large population‐based sample of men and women of European descent. These results support the use of apVAT to risk‐stratify individuals for premature mortality when imaging data are not available such as in routine clinical practice or in large clinical trials. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 17, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Justin C. Brown, Michael O. Harhay, Meera N. Harhay Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Sociodemographic factors related to handgrip strength in children and adolescents in a middle income country: The SALUS study
ConclusionsWhile age and gender specific HG strength values were substantially lower than contemporary data from high income countries, we found that within this middle income population indicators of higher socioeconomic status were associated with lower HG strength. This analysis also suggests that in countries undergoing rapid nutrition transition, improvements in socioeconomic conditions may be accompanied by reduction in muscle strength. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 17, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Johanna Otero, Daniel Dylan Cohen, Victor Mauricio Herrera, Paul Anthony Camacho, Oscar Bernal, Patricio López‐Jaramillo Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Androgen receptor CAG repeat polymorphism and hypothalamic ‐pituitary‐gonadal function in Filipino young adult males
ConclusionsOur results both support and differ from previous findings in this area, and study parameters that differ between our study and others, such as participant age, sample time, and the role of other hormones should be considered when interpreting our findings. While our data point to a modest effect of AR‐CAGn on HPG regulation at best, the AR‐CAGn may still affect somatic traits by regulating androgenic activity at peripheral tissues. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Calen P. Ryan, Thomas W. McDade, Lee T. Gettler, Dan T. A. Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, M. Geoffey Hayes, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Dual energy X ‐ray absorptiometry spine scans to determine abdominal fat in postmenopausal women
ConclusionsThe strong correlation between spine fat fraction and DXA abdominal fat measures make it suitable for further development in postmenopausal chronic disease risk prediction models. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: J.W. Bea, R.M. Blew, S.B. Going, C. ‐H. Hsu, M.C. Lee, V.R. Lee, B.J. Caan, M.L. Kwan, T.G. Lohman Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Bioarchaeology: Interpreting Behavior from the Skeleton (2nd edition). By Clark Spencer Larsen. 654 pp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2015. $149.99 (cloth), $64.99 (paper), $52.00 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Sharon N. DeWitte Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

A History of Human Anatomy (2nd edition). By T.V.N. Persaud, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs. 404 pp. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 2014. $74.95 (cloth or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Valerie Burke DeLeon Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Public Health. Edited by Louise C. Ivers. 232 pp. New York: CRC Press. 2015. $72.95 (cloth), $51.07 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Craig Hadley Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 28, Issue 4, July/August 2016
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Assessment of cardiovascular risk factors in a Roma community from Southwestern France
ConclusionAlthough our sample was of limited size, our data suggest that French Manouches express a high‐risk profile regarding cardiovascular disease, as has been reported for Roma from various countries. Both intrinsic and environmental factors may explain this. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Catherine Papon, Nicolas Delarche, Christophe Le Borgne, Frédéric Bauduer Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Androgen receptor CAG repeat polymorphism and hypothalamic‐pituitary‐gonadal function in Filipino young adult males
ConclusionsOur results both support and differ from previous findings in this area, and study parameters that differ between our study and others, such as participant age, sample time, and the role of other hormones should be considered when interpreting our findings. While our data point to a modest effect of AR‐CAGn on HPG regulation at best, the AR‐CAGn may still affect somatic traits by regulating androgenic activity at peripheral tissues. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Calen P. Ryan, Thomas W. McDade, Lee T. Gettler, Dan T. A. Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, M. Geoffey Hayes, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Household resources and seasonal patterns of child growth in rural Timor ‐Leste
ConclusionsResults highlight the importance of subsistence‐based resource stabilization and of early intervention to prevent growth faltering. Predicting growth using ecological models requires small‐scale investigation, as variation exists among rural areas within an ecologically and culturally diverse country. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Phoebe R. Spencer, Katherine A. Sanders, Pedro Canisio Amaral, Debra S. Judge Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Simplifying the screening of abdominal adiposity in Chinese children with waist ‐to‐height ratio
ConclusionsThe proposed WHtR thresholds reduce the number of cut‐off values from 48 to 2, and have a high discriminatory ability to identify abdominal adiposity in Chinese children. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Bin Dong, Zhiqiang Wang, Luke W. Arnold, Yi Song, Hai ‐Jun Wang, Jun Ma Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Minimal energetic expenditure of women walking burdened on gradients in urban environments
ConclusionsAlthough our overall equation is an accurate predictor of VO2 for all velocities, burden, incline, and decline in this group, further research needs to be conducted to examine kinetic, kinematic, and velocity interactions in over‐ground walking. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Megan J. Rue, Patricia A. Kramer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Active and strong: physical activity, muscular strength, and metabolic risk in children
ConclusionsMuscular strength has a relevant role in attenuating the association between physical inactivity and metabolic risk in children; a further benefit was identified in children with high physical activity and high muscular strength. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Thayse Natacha Gomes, Fernanda Karina dos Santos, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Jos é Maia Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Associations between body composition, nutrition, and physical activity in young adults
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that PA variables were consistently associated with body composition, specifically fat‐free mass. Dietary factors also have influence over body composition; we showed that protein intake is significantly associated with fat‐free mass and BMI. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Mar ía Correa‐Rodríguez, Blanca Rueda‐Medina, Emilio González‐Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt‐RioValle Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Validity of body adiposity index in predicting body fat in Brazilians adults
ConclusionsIt was found that BAI does not replace other measurements of body fat, but compared with more complex methods can be an alternative for estimating the body fat in the absence of these methods. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Wellington Segheto, France Ara újo Coelho, Danielle Cristina Guimarães da Silva, Pedro Curi Hallal, João Carlos Bouzas Marins, Andreia Queiroz Ribeiro, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Sílvia Helena O. Morais, Giana Zarbato Longo Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Normative reference values for the 20 m shuttle ‐run test in a population‐based sample of school‐aged youth in Bogota, Colombia: the FUPRECOL study
ConclusionsOur results provide sex‐ and age‐specific normative reference standards for the 20 m shuttle‐run test and estimated V˙O2peak values in a large, population‐based sample of schoolchildren from a large Latin‐American city at high altitude. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Robinson Ram írez‐Vélez, Adalberto Palacios‐López, Daniel Humberto Prieto‐Benavides, Jorge Enrique Correa‐Bautista, Mikel Izquierdo, Alicia Alonso‐Martínez, Felipe Lobelo Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Analysis of cytokine gene polymorphisms in Mestizo and native populations from Mexico
ConclusionsThe Mexican population exhibits regional differences in functional polymorphisms of inflammatory‐response genes, as observed for other genetic markers. This information constitutes a reference for epidemiological studies that include these genetic markers to assess the susceptibility of the Mexican population to several immune‐response‐related diseases, such as diabetes, obesity, and renal disease, which have been shown to be common in the Mexican population but with prevalence differences within this country. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Francisco Mendoza ‐Carrera, Xochitl Helga Castro‐Martínez, Caridad Leal, Eliseo Portilla‐de Buen, José Sánchez‐Corona, Silvia Esperanza Flores‐Martínez, Alejandra García‐Zapién, Guadalupe Ramírez‐López, Irene Gómez‐Espinel, Blanca Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Biocultural research in global mental health: mapping idioms of distress onto blood pressure in a population survey
ConclusionsSubjective reports of fishar map onto physiological blood pressure more robustly than other conceptualizations of mental distress related to anxiety, dysphoria, negative affect, or aggression. Our results point to the utility of mapping biological and cultural measures of stress and distress, advancing biopsychosocial understandings of wellbeing in global mental health surveys. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Amelia Sancilio, Mark Eggerman, Catherine Panter‐Brick Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Anthropometrically‐predicted visceral adipose tissue and mortality among men and women in the third national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES III)
ConclusionsThese data provide evidence that apVAT is associated with all‐cause and cause‐specific mortality in a large population‐based sample of men and women of European descent. These results support the use of apVAT to risk‐stratify individuals for premature mortality when imaging data are not available such as in routine clinical practice or in large clinical trials. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Justin C. Brown, Michael O. Harhay, Meera N. Harhay Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Dual energy X‐ray absorptiometry spine scans to determine abdominal fat in postmenopausal women
ConclusionsThe strong correlation between spine fat fraction and DXA abdominal fat measures make it suitable for further development in postmenopausal chronic disease risk prediction models. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: J.W. Bea, R.M. Blew, S.B. Going, C.‐H. Hsu, M.C. Lee, V.R. Lee, B.J. Caan, M.L. Kwan, T.G. Lohman Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Normal growth, altered growth? Study of the relationship between harris lines and bone form within a post‐medieval plague cemetery (Dendermonde, Belgium, 16th Century)
ConclusionsThe results suggest that HLs can have a certain impact on shape parameters. The underlying causes can be various, especially for the early formed HLs. However, HLs deposited around puberty are more likely to be physiological lines reflecting hormonal secretions. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 24, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Alexandra Boucherie, Dominique Castex, Caroline Polet, Sacha Kacki Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Dose –response between pedometer assessed physical activity, functional fitness, and fatness in healthy adults aged 50–80 years
ConclusionsThis study shows a positive dose–response trend whereby as an individual undertakes more daily steps (based on previously established step‐count groups), multiple aspects of functionality increase and anthropometric markers of overweight and obesity decrease. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 20, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Giseli Minatto, Sheila Leddington Wright Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic analysis of novel Alu insertion polymorphisms in selected indian populations
ConclusionThe overall results show that these Indian samples, though displaying significant genetic variation and differences among themselves, form an Indian cluster, which as expected, is distinct from the European sample (Russian). As Alus are easily analyzed and quantified by standard and cost‐effective methodologies, this finding further reinforces their utility as effective population genetic markers. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Susie Laybourn, Elizabeth Claire Akam, Nick Cox, Puneetpal Singh, Sarabjit S. Mastana Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Lifestyle mediates seasonal changes in metabolic health among the yakut (sakha) of northeastern siberia
ConclusionsWhile seasonal changes in anthropometric dimensions were modest, Yakut men and women experienced significant increases in total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol from summer to winter. These results also suggest that while Yakut individuals with greater subsistence participation are more buffered from adverse seasonal changes in cholesterol levels, they may be at a greater risk for winter increases in blood pressure. Furthermore, the interactions between lifestyle and seasonal change in metabolic health appear to differ between Yakut women and men. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Stephanie B. Levy, William R. Leonard, Larissa A. Tarskaia, Tatiana M. Klimova, Valentina I. Fedorova, Marina E. Baltakhinova, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Dissecting mitochondrial dna variability of balearic populations from the bronze age to the current era
ConclusionWe characterized five Balearic necropolises in the context of their geographic and cultural characteristics. The similarity between ancient Balearic and ancient Catalan gene pools reinforces their known historic interactions, while the lack of a consistent genetic continuity with Ancient Sardinians suggests that Talaiotic and Nuragic cultures arose in differentiated populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Marc Simón, Nancy Díaz, Eduvigis Solórzano, Rafael Montiel, Paolo Francalacci, Assumpció Malgosa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic heritage of Croatians in the Southeastern European gene pool —Y chromosome analysis of the Croatian continental and Island population
DiscussionThe analyses of the dominant and autochthonous I2a1b‐M423 lineage (>30%) suggest that SEE had a significant role in the Upper Paleolithic, the R1a1a1b1a*‐M558 lineage (19%) represents a signal from present day Slavic populations of Central Europe in the Croatian population, and the phylogeography of the E1b1b1a1b1a‐V13 clade (around 9%) implies cultural diffusion of agriculture into Europe via the Balkan Peninsula. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 9, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jelena Šarac, Tena Šarić, Dubravka Havaš Auguštin, Natalija Novokmet, Nenad Vekarić, Mate Mustać, Blaženka Grahovac, Miljenko Kapović, Branimir Nevajda, Anton Glasnović, Saša Missoni, Siiri Rootsi, Pavao Rudan Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic heritage of Croatians in the Southeastern European gene pool—Y chromosome analysis of the Croatian continental and Island population
DiscussionThe analyses of the dominant and autochthonous I2a1b‐M423 lineage (>30%) suggest that SEE had a significant role in the Upper Paleolithic, the R1a1a1b1a*‐M558 lineage (19%) represents a signal from present day Slavic populations of Central Europe in the Croatian population, and the phylogeography of the E1b1b1a1b1a‐V13 clade (around 9%) implies cultural diffusion of agriculture into Europe via the Balkan Peninsula. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 9, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jelena Šarac, Tena Šarić, Dubravka Havaš Auguštin, Natalija Novokmet, Nenad Vekarić, Mate Mustać, Blaženka Grahovac, Miljenko Kapović, Branimir Nevajda, Anton Glasnović, Saša Missoni, Siiri Rootsi, Pavao Rudan Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

MtDNA and Y ‐chromosomal diversity in the Chachapoya, a population from the northeast Peruvian Andes‐Amazon divide
ConclusionThe high level of diversity in the Chachapoya, the lack of evidence of drift in the past, and genetic affinities with a broad range of populations in the Americas reflects an intricate population history in the region. The new genetic data from the Chachapoya indeed seems to point to a genetic complexity that is not yet resolved but beginning to be elucidated. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Evelyn K. Guevara, Jukka U. Palo, Sonia Guill én, Antti Sajantila Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Malnutrition and body composition in urban and rural schoolchildren: A cross ‐sectional study in San Rafael, Mendoza (Argentina)
ConclusionChildren from San Rafael presented differences in nutritional condition and body composition associated with pronounced socio‐environmental heterogeneity. Thus, we could observe a gradient from the “high urban” group, with better social, economic, and sanitation conditions and at the same time a more obesogenic environment to the “impoverished urban” and “rural” groups, whose vulnerability reflected a higher prevalence of child undernutrition and the association with excess weight and reduced muscle mass. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Mariela Garraza, Mar ía F. Cesani, Graciela T. Navone, Evelia E. Oyhenart Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Directional asymmetry of upper limbs in a medieval population from Poland: A combination of linear and geometric morphometrics
ConclusionsThe studied population, perhaps due to a high level of activity, exhibited slightly greater upper‐limb bone bilateral asymmetry than other agricultural populations. Results suggest that the upper limbs were involved in similar activity patterns in both sexes but were characterized by different habitual behaviors. To obtain comprehensive results, studies should be based on sophisticated methods such as geometric morphometrics as well as standard measurements. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Anna Maria Kubicka, Przemysław Lubiatowski, Jan Dawid Długosz, Leszek Romanowski, Janusz Piontek Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Spatial variation of dental caries in late holocene samples of Southern South America: A geostatistical study
ConclusionThe large variation in frequencies of dental caries in populations located in the center of the distribution could be explained by their subsistence strategies, characterized either by the consumption of wild cariogenic plants or cultigens (obtained locally or by exchange), a reliance on fishing, or the incorporation of plants rich in starch rather than carbohydrates. It is suggested that dental caries must be considered a multifactorial disease which results from the interaction of cultural practices and environmental factors. This can change how we understand subsistence strategies as well as how we interpret d...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Lumila Paula Menéndez Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The interaction of cultural consonance and a polymorphism in the 2A serotonin receptor in relation to depression in Brazil: failure to replicate previous findings
ConclusionThe previously identified gene‐environment interaction was not replicated. Limitations of the study are discussed. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: William W. Dressler, Mauro C. Balieiro, Luiza Ferreira de Araújo, Wilson A. Silva, José ERNESTO dos Santos Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in inter ‐ and intra‐situational blood pressure variation: Comparisons among African‐American, Hispanic‐American, Asian‐American, and European‐American women
ConclusionsAfrican‐American and Asian‐American women have an attenuated proportional BP decline from waking environments to sleep compared to European‐American and Hispanic‐American women. Asian‐American nocturnal BP may be elevated relative to all other groups. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 25, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Dana H. Bovbjerg, Leah A. Hill Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in inter‐ and intra‐situational blood pressure variation: Comparisons among African‐American, Hispanic‐American, Asian‐American, and European‐American women
ConclusionsAfrican‐American and Asian‐American women have an attenuated proportional BP decline from waking environments to sleep compared to European‐American and Hispanic‐American women. Asian‐American nocturnal BP may be elevated relative to all other groups. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 25, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Dana H. Bovbjerg, Leah A. Hill Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Patterns of directional asymmetry in the pelvis and pelvic canal
ConclusionsThe varying patterns of asymmetry uncovered here accord with prior work and may indicate that loading from the trunk and legs place differing stresses on the pelvis and canal, yielding these unequal asymmetries. However, this is speculative and the possible influence of genetics, biomechanics, and nutritional status on the development of pelvic and canal asymmetries presents a rich area for future study. Additionally, the potential influence of pelvic canal asymmetry on obstetric measures of pelvic capacity merits future research. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 25, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Victoria A. Tobolsky, Helen K. Kurki, Jay T. Stock Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 28, Issue 3, May/June 2016
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 20, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Inadequate gestational weight gain increases risk of small ‐for‐gestational‐age term birth in girls in Japan: A population‐based cohort study
ConclusionsPrepregnancy BMI and GWG significantly influence SGA risk in female babies. GWG may be influenced by physicians’ recommendations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Melissa K. Melby, Goro Yamada, Pamela J. Surkan Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Why Sex Matters: A Darwinian Look at Human Behavior (revised edition). By Bobbi S. Low. 432 pp. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 2015. $35.00 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Christopher D. Lynn Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

The origin of chronic inflammatory systemic diseases and their sequelae. by Rainer H. Straub. 390 pp. Waltham, MA: Academic Press. 2015. $140.00 (paper or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Katherine Wander Tags: Book Review Source Type: research