Human infection with avian influenza A (H5N8) – the Russian Federation
On 18 February 2021, the National IHR Focal Point for the Russian Federation notified WHO of detection of avian influenza A(H5N8) in seven human clinical specimens. These are the first reported detection of avian influenza A(H5N8) in humans. Positive clinical specimens were collected from poultry farm workers who participated in a response operation to contain an avian influenza A(H5N8) outbreak detected in a poultry farm in Astrakhan Oblast in the Russian Federation. The laboratory confirmation of the seven specimens were performed by the State Research Centre for Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR (WHO H5 Reference Labora...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - February 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Guinea
On 14 February 2021, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Guinea informed WHO of a cluster of Ebola Virus (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - February 17, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Rift Valley fever – Kenya
Rift Valley fever (RVF) has been reported in Kenya in humans in Isiolo and Mandera counties and in (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - February 12, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
On 7 February 2021, the Minister of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared an outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) after the laboratory confirmation of one case in Butembo, North Kivu Province. The case was a 42-year-old female living in Masoya Health Area, Biena Health Zone. She was a spouse of an EVD survivor, who has been followed up and whose biological samples have tested negative since 28 September 2020. On 25 January 2021, the case presented with nasal bleeding. From 25 January to 1 February, she reportedly received outpatient care in Ngubi health center. From 1 to 3 February, she was admitted to M...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - February 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Influenza A (H3N2) variant virus – United States of America
On 13 January, 2021, a child under 18 years of age in Wisconsin developed respiratory disease. A respiratory specimen was collected on 14 January. Real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing conducted at the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene indicated a presumptive positive influenza A(H3N2) variant virus infection. The specimen was forwarded to the Influenza Division of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on 21 January for further testing. On 22 January, CDC confirmed an influenza A (H3N2)v virus infection using RT-PCR and genome sequence analysis. Investigation into the...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - February 5, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Between 1 June through 31 December 2020, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported four additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) with one associated death. The cases were reported from Riyadh (two cases), Taif (one case), and Al-Ahsaa (one case) Regions. The link below provides details of the four reported cases. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - February 1, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Influenza A(H1N2) variant virus – Brazil
On 15 December 2020, the Brazil Ministry of Health reported the second confirmed human infection with influenza A(H1N2) variant virus [A(H1N2)v] in Brazil in 2020. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - January 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Cholera – Togo
From 11 November to 28 December, 2020 a total of 67 suspected cholera cases presenting with diarrhea and vomiting, including two deaths a case fatality ratio (CFR: 3%) were reported from the municipalities “Golfe 1” and “Golfe 6” in Lomé, Togo. A total of four health areas (Katanga, Adakpamé, Gbétsogbé in Golfe 1, and Kangnikopé in Golfe 6) in the affected municipalities reported at least one case. On 17 November, cholera was confirmed by culture in the laboratory of the National Institute of Hygiene (INH) in Lom é, Togo and WHO was informed. On 19 November,...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - January 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

SARS-CoV-2 Variants
SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, has had a major impact on human health globally; infecting a large number of people; causing severe disease and associated long-term health sequelae; resulting in death and excess mortality, especially among older and vulnerable populations; interrupting routine healthcare services; disruptions to travel, trade, education and many other societal functions; and more broadly having a negative impact on peoples physical and mental health. Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, WHO has received several reports of unusual public health events possibly due to variants of SARS-CoV-2....
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Yellow fever – Senegal
From October to December 2020, a total of seven confirmed cases of yellow fever (YF) have been reported from four health districts in three regions in Senegal. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Yellow fever – Guinea
Between 6 November and 15 December 2020, 52 suspected cases of yellow fever (YF), including 14 (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

SARS-CoV-2 Variant – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
On 14 December 2020, authorities of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland reported to WHO that a new SARS-CoV-2 variant was identified through viral genomic sequencing. This variant is referred to as SARS-CoV-2 VUI 202012/01 (Variant Under Investigation, year 2020, month 12, variant 01). (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 21, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

SARS-CoV-2 Variant – United Kingdom
On 14 December 2020, authorities of the United Kingdom (UK) reported to WHO that a new SARS-CoV-2 variant was identified through viral genomic sequencing. This variant is referred to as SARS-CoV-2 VUI 202012/01 (Variant Under Investigation, year 2020, month 12, variant 01). (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 21, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

SARS-CoV-2 mink-associated variant strain – Denmark
Since June 2020, Danish authorities have reported an extensive spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, on mink farms in Denmark. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 3, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Acute hepatitis E – Burkina Faso
Between 8 September and 24 November, 2020, the North-Central region of Burkina Faso reported a (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - November 27, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Yellow fever – Nigeria
Reports of a cluster of deaths from an undiagnosed disease were notified on 1 November 2020 through Event Based Surveillance in two states, Delta and Enugu, located in southern Nigeria. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - November 24, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
On 18 November 2020, the Minister of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared the end of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Equateur Province. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - November 18, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Rift Valley Fever – Mauritania
The Ministry of Health (MoH) notified WHO that between 13 September and 1 October 2020, eight cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) including seven deaths were confirmed in animal breeders. Districts affected include Tidjikja and Moudj éria (Tagant region), Guerou (Assaba region) and Chinguetty (Adrar region). Laboratory confirmation of RVF infection was performed using a reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) at the National Institute for Public Health Research (INRSP) in Nouakchott. The age of infected patient s varied between 16 and 70 years old and included one woman and seven men. All seven deaths ...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - November 13, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

SARS-CoV-2 mink-associated variant strain – Denmark
Since June 2020, 214 human cases of COVID-19 have been identified in Denmark with SARS-CoV-2 variants associated with farmed minks, including 12 cases with a unique variant, reported on 5 November. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - November 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Mayaro virus disease - French Guiana, France
On 13 October 2020, the French health authorities officially reported 13 laboratory-confirmed cases of Mayaro fever in French Guiana, France. In September 2020, the Institut Pasteur de la Guyane (IPG) (member of the French National Reference Laboratory for arboviruses) identified two cases of Mayaro virus infection (MAYV) confirmed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and one probable case found positive for Mayaro antibodies. The case-patients presented dengue-like symptoms and joint pains, and tested negative for dengue by RT-PCR. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - October 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Oropouche virus disease - French Guiana, France
On 30 September 2020, the French Guiana Regional Health Agency (ARS) reported the first detection of Oropouche virus (OROV) in French Guiana. On 22 September 2020 the Pasteur Institute in Cayenne (a member of the French National Reference Laboratory for arboviruses) notified the France IHR National Focal Point of seven laboratory-confirmed cases of Oropouche virus infection in the village of Sa ül. These cases were identified following clinical investigations of an unusually high number of dengue-like illnesses in the village. Between 11 August and 25 September, there were 37 clinically-compatible cases of Oropouche v...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - October 13, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Monkeypox – Democratic Republic of the Congo
From 1 January through 13 September 2020, a total of 4,594 suspected cases of monkeypox, including 171 deaths (case fatality ratio 3.7%), have been reported in 127 health zones from 17 out of 26 provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The first epidemic peak was observed at the beginning of March 2020 (epi week 10), with 136 cases reported weekly (Figure1). From 1 January through 7 August, the Institut National de Recherche Biom édicale (INRB) received 80 samples from suspected cases of monkeypox, of which 39 samples were confirmed positive by polymerase chain reaction. Four out of the 80 specimens were s...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Chikungunya – Chad
On 28 August 2020, the National IHR Focal Point of Chad notified WHO of an outbreak of chikungunya in Ab éché, eastern Chad. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - September 24, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
Three months after the declaration of the eleventh Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, the number of confirmed cases continues to increase, and the geographic spread of the outbreak continues to expand. As of 1 September 2020, 110 cases (104 confirmed and six probable) including 47 deaths (case fatality ratio 43%) have been reported from 36 health areas in 11 health zones. In the past 21 days (12 August – 1 September 2020), 24 confirmed cases have been reported in 15 health areas across eight health zones. To date, three healthcare workers have been affected, mak...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - September 3, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Sudan
On 9 August 2020, the Federal Ministry of Health, Sudan notified WHO of the detection of a (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - September 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Yellow fever – French Guiana, France
On 23 July 2020, the France IHR National Focal Point reported a confirmed autochthonous (locally acquired) case of yellow fever in a 14-year-old male in French Guiana. On 17 July 2020, the case was laboratory confirmed at the French National Reference Centre for arboviruses, Institute Pasteur Cayenne. The case-patient had severe disability, and developed dengue-like symptoms on 12 July. On 16 July, he was hospitalized in an intensive care unit in Cayenne, French Guiana, with consciousness disorders and acute liver failure, and died on 19 July. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - August 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Plague – Democratic Republic of the Congo
The health zone of Rethy in Ituri province, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, has seen an upsurge of plague cases since June 2020. The first case, a 12-year-old girl, reported to a local health centre on 12 June experiencing a headache, fever, cough, and an enlarged lymph node. She died on the same day and further deaths from the community due to suspected cases of plague were subsequently reported. From 11 June though 15 July, six out of 22 health areas have been affected within Rethy health zone (11 villages), with a total of 45 cases including nine deaths (case fatality rate: 20%). All nine (9) cases who died presen...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - July 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Influenza A(H1N2) variant virus – Brazil
On 22 June 2020, the International Health Regualtions (IHR) Focal Point (FP) of Brazil shared a preliminary report with the Panamerican Health Organization, the WHO Regional Office for the Americas of a human infection withInfluenza A(H1N2) variant virus (A(H1N2)v). According to the report, the patient, a 22-year-old female, with no comorbidities, worked in a swine slaughterhouse in Ibipor ã Municipality, Paraná State, and developed an influenza-like illness on 12 April 2020. The patient initially sought medical care on 14 April and a respiratory specimen was obtained on 16 April as part of routine surveillan...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - July 9, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
Between 1 April and 31 May 2020, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported nine new cases of MERS-CoV infection, including five deaths. The cases were reported from Riyadh (seven cases), Assir (one case) and Northern (one case) Regions. Most cases were and ages of the reported cases ranged from 40 to 96 years. Of the cases reported in Riyadh six were from a hospital outbreak in the region between 21 and 31 May 2020: an index case who was a newly admitted patient, and five secondary cases identified through contact tracing. One of the secondary cases was a health care worker and the other four were in-patients a...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - July 2, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
On 25 June 2020, the Minister of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared the end of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu, Ituri and South Kivu Provinces. In accordance with WHO recommendations, the declaration was made more than 42 days after the last person who contracted EVD in this outbreak tested negative twice and was discharged from care. The outbreak was declared on 1 August 2018 following investigations and laboratory confirmation of a cluster of EVD cases in North Kivu Province. Further investigations identified cases in Ituri and North Kivu Provinces with dates of symptom onset fro...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
No new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported in Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 27 April 2020 (Figure 1). While this is a positive development, there remains a risk of re-emergence of EVD. It is critical to maintain surveillance and response operations in the period leading up to the declaration of the end of the outbreak, as well as after the declaration – as outlined in the WHO recommended criteria for declaring the end of the EVD outbreak. From 11 to 16 June 2020, an average of 2939 alerts were reported per day, of which 2788 (about...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 18, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Yellow fever – Gabon
On 15 April 2020, WHO received information regarding a confirmed case of yellow fever in Magandi village, Tchibanga city in Nyanga Province of southern Gabon, 590 km from the capital, Libreville. The case is an 83-year-old male with no known vaccination history for yellow fever. He had onset of symptoms on 30 January 2020 and presented to a health facility on 2 February 2020 with abdominal pain and jaundice. Between 2 February and 9 April, he consulted the Urban Health Centre in Tchibanga, the Christian Alliance Hospital in Bongolo and the University hospital in the capital Libreville where the case received anti-malarial ...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
No new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported in Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 27 April 2020 (Figure 1). The source of infection of the cluster reported in April 2020 remains unconfirmed. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 11, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Yellow fever – Togo
On 20 April 2020, WHO received information regarding a confirmed yellow fever case in Galangashie health area, located 30 km from Mango village, Oti district, Savanes region in the northern part of Togo. The case is a 55-year-old woman with no vaccination history for yellow fever. She had onset of symptoms on 31 January 2020 and presented to a health facility on 3 February 2020 with fever and aches. The following day she developed jaundice and a blood sample was taken. On 7 February , the blood sample was transported to the national laboratory. On 10 February , the sample from the case was received at the national laborato...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 5, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
No new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported in Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 27 April 2020 (Figure 1). The source of infection of the cluster reported in April 2020 remains unconfirmed. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
On 31 May 2020, WHO received information that between 18 and 30 May, four deaths were reported from the same quarter (quartier Air Congo) in Wangata Health Zone, Mbandaka city, Equateur Province, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 3, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
From 20 to 26 May 2020, no new cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Figure 1). (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - May 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) – Ethiopia
Between 2 and 8 April 2020, six suspected human cases of dracunculiasis in Duli village, Gog district, Gambella region, Ethiopia, were reported to WHO. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - May 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
From 13 to 19 May 2020, no new cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported from North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - May 21, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
From 6 to 12 May 2020, no new cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported from North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Figure 1). Since the resurgence of the outbreak on 10 April 2020, seven confirmed cases have been reported from Kasanga, Malepe and Kanzulinzuli Health Areas in Beni Health Zone. Of these, one is receiving care at the Beni Ebola treatment centre (ETC), one who was receiving care at the ETC recovered and was discharged, and one remains in the community, 35 days after symptom onset. Efforts to locate this individual are being undertaken to test and provide care for this person. Four ...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - May 14, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
From 29 April to 5 May 2020, no new cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported from North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - May 7, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Measles – Burundi
Burundi has been experiencing an increase in the number of confirmed cases of measles since November 2019. This outbreak initially started in a refugee transit camp (Centre de transit de Cishemere, Cibitoke Health district), whose inhabitants had arrived from measles-affected provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Refugees spend 21 days in the Transit Camp of Cishemere before they are sent to permanent camps in Nyankanda and Bwagiriza refugee camps in Butezi, Kavumu camp of Cankuzo, Garsowe camp of Muyinga and Mulumba camp at Kiremba. The outbreak was identified when suspected measles cases had been reported by the...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - May 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
From 1 through 31 March 2020, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 15 additional cases of MERS-CoV infection, including five associated deaths. The cases were reported from Riyadh (7 cases), Makkah (4 cases), Najran (3 cases), and Al Qassim (1 case) regions. The link below provides details of the 15 reported cases. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - May 5, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
From 22 to 28 April 2020, one new confirmed case of Ebola virus disease (EVD) was reported from Beni Health Zone in North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Figure 1). This person was listed as a contact of a confirmed case, a family member who was reported on 17 April. The person was vaccinated on 20 April and was followed by the contact tracing team, though not on a regular basis due to insecurity. Since the resurgence of the outbreak on 10 April 2020, seven confirmed cases have been reported, all from Beni Health Zone. Of these, one is receiving care at the Beni Ebola treatment centre (ETC), one who was re...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - April 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Measles – Mexico
Mexico is experiencing a measles outbreak. Between 1 January and 2 April 2020, 1,364 probable1cases of measles were reported, of which 124 were laboratory confirmed, 991 were discarded and 328 remain under investigation. The age of the confirmed measles cases ranged from three months to 68 years (median=20 years), and 59% were male. Analysis conducted by the National Reference Laboratory (InDRE) identified the genotype D8 (similar to other countries in the Region), linage MVs/GirSomnath.IND/42.16/ for 17 of the confirmed cases. Of the 124 confirmed cases, 105 were in Mexico City, 18 in Mexico State, and one in Campeche Sta...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - April 24, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Dengue fever – Mayotte, France
Through event-based surveillance performed throughout 2019, WHO became aware of a dengue outbreak in Mayotte, France, since July 2019. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - April 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
From 15 to 21 April 2020, three new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) were reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, all from Beni Health Zone in North Kivu Province (Figure 1). (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - April 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Yellow fever – Ethiopia
On 3 March 2020, the Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI) reported three suspected yellow fever cases in Enor Ener Woreda, Gurage zone, SNNPR. The three reported cases were members of the same household (father, mother and son) located in a rural kebele. Two of three samples tested positive at national level by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and were subsequently confirmed positive by plaque reduction neutralization testing (PRNT) at the regional reference laboratory, Uganda Viral Research Institute (UVRI) on 28 March 2020. In response to the positive RT-PCR results, the EPHI and Ministry of H...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - April 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Yellow fever – Republic of South Sudan
On 3 March 2020, a WHO supported cross-border rapid response investigation identified two presumptive positive cases of yellow fever in Kajo Keji county, Central Equatoria State, South Sudan. The initial Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) testing conducted at the National Public Health Laboratory in Juba, South Sudan tuned out negative. However, following further testing, both the cases were confirmed positive for yellow fever by plaque reduction neutralization testing (PRNT) at the regional reference laboratory, Uganda Viral Research Institute (UVRI) on 28 March. The investigation was mounted in response to the recently decl...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - April 18, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
From 10 to 14 April 2020, three new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) were reported in the ongoing outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Figure 1). (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - April 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news