New research to help children from deprived areas brush up on oral health
A new research project funded by the NIHR HTA Programme will investigate ways of improving the oral health of young people living in deprived areas. The researchers from the Universities of Dundee and Sheffield will work with 48 schools and nearly 6000 young people in Scotland, England and Wales on the four-year Brushing Reminder 4... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - March 1, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

One-off bowel scope cuts cancer risk for at least 17 years
A one-off bowel screening test reduces the risk of developing bowel cancer by more than one third and could save thousands of lives, according to a study published in The Lancet.The researchers, funded by an NIHR and MRC partnership and Cancer Research UK, found that the test – which examines the lower part of the... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - February 22, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Vitamin D protects against colds and flu, finds major global study
Vitamin D supplements have been found to protect against acute respiratory infections including colds, flu and pneumonia, according to a study funded by the NIHR.The study provides the most robust evidence yet that vitamin D is beneficial for something other than bone and muscle health, and could have major implications for public health policy, including... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - February 16, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Major increase in midwifery unit births since 2010
Births in midwifery units in England have trebled, up from five per cent to 14 per cent over the last six years, a new study by researchers at The University of Nottingham has shown.The research, funded by the NIHR HS&DR Programme, revealed that the number of midwifery units alongside hospital obstetric units almost doubled from... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - February 15, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

New #twosides campaign promotes public involvement in research
The NIHR is launching a striking new campaign urging patients and the public to get actively involved in health and social care research which affects the lives of millions of people. Featuring an iconic split face image, the #twosides campaign highlights ways for people who aren’t medical or academic professionals to play an important part... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - February 14, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Support for health professionals reduces unnecessary use of antibiotics in hospitals
An updated Cochrane Review published today has identified effective and safe ways to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics in hospitals. Guidelines and policies that promote better targeting of antibiotics in patients who need them have the greatest impact when they are supported by the most effective ways to change doctors’ behavior.Antibiotics are used to treat... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - February 10, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Dying at home or in hospital dependent on wealth, location and number of diseases
Where people die is often important to them and their families, as well as being important for planning health care services. Most people want to die at home, but most die in hospital.While the trends have been studied in cancer, other diseases, such as respiratory, are rarely looked at even though they are common and... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - February 1, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Landmark trial looking at test to predict who needs chemotherapy for breast cancer begins
A landmark trial, funded by the NIHR HTA Programme, is looking at a test to predict who needs chemotherapy for breast cancer. The OPTIMA (Optimal Personalised Treatment of breast cancer using Multi-parameter Analysis) trial aims to use genomic tests to identify breast cancer patients who are likely to benefit from chemotherapy and spare those who... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - January 26, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

New Brittle bone trial seeks to reduce risk of fractures
People with a rare bone condition that can cause them to have hundreds of fractures during a lifetime are being invited to trial a potential treatment. Researchers have received £1.5 million from the NIHR to conduct the study, which will involve 390 people with a condition called Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI). The six-year trial will test... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - January 19, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Sign up for new webinars offering advice on NIHR Researchfish submissions
RESEARCHERS and research managers are being invited to sign up for webinars offering vital advice on making 2017 NIHR Researchfish submissions.We are holding two online seminars on Wednesday, January 11 – one tailored for NIHR researchers and the other aimed at research managers from organisations hosting awards.Researchfish is used to gather information on the outputs,... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - January 4, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Pedometers delivered by post can help improve patients’ physical activity levels, study shows
A new trial has shown that pedometers, provided either by post or with practice nurse support, can improve objectively measured physical activity levels in less active people. The PACE-UP clinical trial, led by Dr Tess Harris of St George’s, University of London and funded by the NIHR, gave two groups of general practice patients pedometers,... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - January 4, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Open access from start to finish
A new website for the NIHR Journals Library launched today. By incorporating project information into the existing wealth of open access data, the new site provides access to the full story of NIHR-funded research projects. This change will help to increase the impact of NIHR research, so that evidence is shared more effectively with the... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - November 24, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Study to test impact of community pharmacies delivering psychological support
People experiencing low mood in Durham and Teesside could benefit from an NIHR PHR-funded pilot study, seeing community pharmacies deliver psychological support. David Ekers, a nurse consultant, from Tees, Esk and Wear Valleys NHS Foundation Trust will train pharmacy staff to deliver psychological therapies to people living with long term physical health conditions and low... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - November 24, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Study to test impact of community pharmacists delivering psychological support
People experiencing low mood in Durham and Teesside could benefit from an NIHR PHR-funded pilot study, seeing community pharmacists deliver psychological support. David Ekers, a nurse consultant, from Tees, Esk and Wear Valleys NHS Foundation Trust will train pharmacy staff to deliver psychological therapies to people living with long term physical health conditions and low... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - November 24, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Researchers explore the best treatments for glaucoma
Researchers have found that a procedure used to remove cataracts is more successful than current standard treatments with laser in treating Primary Angle-Closure Glaucoma – a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Professor Azuara-Blanco, from Queen’s University Belfast, led an international trial comparing two treatments for glaucoma – the standard treatment, or ‘laser iridotomy’, which... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - November 17, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Researchers continue the fight against Choroideremia
Following on from a successful world’s first Phase I gene therapy trial for choroideremia, Professor Robert MacLaren and his team have started a Phase II trial enrolling 30 patients. The project has been funded by the EME Programme, an MRC and NIHR partnership.In this trial, Professor MacLaren is using an operating microscope with integrated optical... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - November 8, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

New study to look into best treatment for hand condition
A new study funded by the NIHR HTA Programme is comparing two methods of treatment for Dupuytren’s Contracture. Dupuytren’s Contracture is the fourth most common problem affecting the hand in the UK. The disorder, occurring mostly in adult men, is caused by fibrous tissue forcing the finger to bend down into the palm of the... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - November 4, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

New study is examining the health legacy of the London Olympic East Village
The first stage of a study looking at the effects of a health-promoting environment on new residents of London’s former Olympic Athletes’ Village has been outlined in a paper published in BMJ Open. The ENABLE project is being led by researchers at St George’s University of London and focuses on the East Village in E20.... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - October 28, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Results of a 15 year trial into the treatment of aortic aneurysms published
Research comparing endovascular repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms with the traditional open repair method has published its results in The Lancet after a 15 year follow up.Endovascular repair (EVAR), involves inserting a graft within the aneurysm through small groin incisions, using X-rays to guide the graft into place. It can be carried out without general... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - October 14, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Finding effective treatments for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy
Research, funded by the NIHR HTA Programme, has found that over-the-counter and prescription remedies can lead to some improvement in symptoms for women suffering from nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP). However the evidence about what works is limited and of low quality, particularly when it comes to treating women with severe symptoms.NVP affects around... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - October 12, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Elderly patients with unstable ankle fractures could avoid surgery
, according to research funded by the NIHR HTA Programme.The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, compared surgery to pin a broken ankle with a new plaster cast technique known as ‘close contact casting’.Researcher Professor Keith Willett, of the University of Oxford said:... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - October 12, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Results of five year trial into the treatment of haemorrhoids published
Results of a five year trial into the treatment of haemorrhoids (commonly known as piles), have published in The Lancet, one of the world’s oldest and best known medical journals.The trial, which is the largest of its kind, was funded by the NIHR HTA Programme and led by Professor Angus Watson, consultant colorectal surgeon for... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - October 10, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Do financial incentives encourage patients with psychotic disorders to take their medication?
A new study has found that offering patients financial incentives to take their antipsychotic medication is effective. When the incentives stop, there is no continued benefit but no long term negative effect either.Across all fields in medicine, there is the common problem that patients may not take their medication as regularly as prescribed. For patients... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - September 27, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Study aims to find treatment for incurable lung condition
A study into Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) – a currently incurable but increasingly common condition – has recruited its one-hundredth participant. The clinical trial, funded by the EME Programme, an MRC and NIHR partnership, is the largest non-commercial drug trial for IPF in the UK and spans 35 NHS trusts across the country. IPF is... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - September 23, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

New project to test MS intervention
A research team funded by the NIHR, HTA Programme, are to test a new balance and falls management programme, designed to help people with progressive Multiple Sclerosis (MS).Secondary progressive MS is characterised by an accumulation of disability; meaning people with the disease are proven to be at higher risk of poor balance and falls.Successful completion... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - September 21, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Monitoring prostate cancer offers the same survival chance as surgery or radiotherapy over 10 years, but treatment reduces risk of cancer progression
Largest UK trial of treatment for prostate cancer publishes first results Active monitoring is as effective as surgery and radiotherapy, in terms of survival at 10 years, reports the largest study of its kind, funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). Results published in New England Journal of Medicine today, show that all... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - September 15, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

E-cigarettes can help smokers quit
An updated NIHR Cochrane Review published today provides an independent, rigorous assessment of the best available evidence to date about electronic cigarettes for quitting smoking. The conclusions of this updated Review are unchanged since the last review was published two years ago: electronic cigarettes may help smokers stop their smoking, and the included studies did... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - September 14, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Surgery after head injury reduces risk of death from brain swelling
Craniectomy – a surgical procedure in which part of the skull is removed to relieve brain swelling – significantly reduces the risk of death following traumatic brain injury, an international study has found. Traumatic brain injury is a serious injury to the brain, often caused by road traffic accidents, assaults or falls. It can lead... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - September 8, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Living with dementia: life story work could help
A new study has found that life story work has the potential to help people with dementia. Life story work involves helping people to record aspects of their past and present lives along with future hopes and wishes, often in a book or folder or, increasingly, in music, film and multi-media formats.The study, funded by... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - September 7, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

High quality evidence suggests Vitamin D can reduce asthma attacks
A new NIHR Cochrane Review has found evidence from randomised trials, that taking an oral vitamin D supplement in addition to standard asthma medication is likely to reduce severe asthma attacks. Asthma is a common chronic disease affecting about 300 million people worldwide. The symptoms of asthma include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and shortness of... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - September 7, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Online intervention helps sustain weight loss
HTA-funded research just published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology has found that an online behavioural counselling tool is effective at helping people lose weight.Obesity is a common problem that affects around a quarter of adults in the UK. It can result in a number of health problems including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, joint... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - July 28, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Updated focus for EME
For more than five years the EME Programme has provided funding for translational research evaluating new or repurposed interventions. Over that time it has supported some world leading clinical studies. The programme continues to provide a key link in the translational pathway, supporting ambitious studies for the advancement of new interventions for health and patient... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - July 26, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Finding the best treatment for prostate cancer
A NIHR HTA-funded trial testing the effectiveness of different treatments on the symptoms of an advanced form of prostate cancer has found that one treatment had a significant impact on the painful complications of the disease. Prostate cancer is a major health concern worldwide and accounts for nearly one fifth of all newly diagnosed male... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - July 26, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

NHS guidance leads to reduction of repeat hip fractures
The adoption of new guidance on osteoporosis medication in 2005 may have been responsible for a 22 percent drop in the number of over-60s suffering a second fracture after a broken hip, an NIHR-funded study, published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, has found. Researchers reviewed patient data from GP practices across England... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - July 7, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Parent-led tool opens up NHS children's heart surgery data to families
Researchers, funded by the NIHR HS&DR Programme, have launched an innovative communication tool that will help people make sense of published survival data about children’s heart surgery in the UK and Ireland.The website, Understanding Children’s Heart Surgery Outcomes, shows decision makers and parents that, because hospitals treat different patients, hospitals should not be ranked by... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - June 23, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Treating severe, steroid resistant, ulcerative colitis
Research published in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology has found that the two drugs commonly used to treat steroid resistant ulcerative colitis are equally effective.Ulcerative colitis, inflammation of the colon and rectum, affects about 150,000 people in the UK. The impact on patients can include severe ill-health, grossly impaired quality of life, unplanned stays in... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - June 22, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Helping children with autism transfer new communication skills from home to school
A new study is testing whether an intervention with parents and teachers can help children with autism transfer newly acquired social communication skills from home into school.Previous research found that a therapy to enhance parent-child communication in children with autism can help improve their social communication. However, it did not provide evidence that the benefit... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - June 22, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Managing alcohol-related trips to A&E
A new project, funded by the NIHR HS&DR Programme, is looking at whether alternative treatment sites for people who are drunk can help ease the pressure on A&E departments during peak times. Drunkenness is a common sight in many towns and cities during the night and particularly at weekends. With an increased risk of choking,... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - June 14, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Implementing major system change in healthcare
Research funded by the NIHR HS&DR­­­ Programme is looking into how changes in the delivery and organisation of stroke care are implemented to help inform future changes. The National Stroke Strategy for England, launched in 2007, aimed to improve the care of stroke patients around the UK, by addressing the variations across the country in... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - June 10, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

NIHR study finds no evidence of reduction in accidents following M74 motorway extension
New research, published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health today, suggests that there has been no impact on the number of road accidents following the extension of the M74 in the south of Glasgow.The new research findings form part of a larger NIHR-funded natural experimental study, led by Dr David Ogilvie at the... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - June 8, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Evidence suggests outpatient care can be transferred to primary care
New research suggests that, with appropriate safeguards, training and support, substantial parts of care given in outpatient clinics can be transferred to primary care. A new study, funded by the NIHR HS&DR Programme, updates previous research, focusing on strategies to improve effectiveness and efficiency of outpatient services. Led by RAND Europe and the University of... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - May 26, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

New UK-wide study investigates the safety and effectiveness of antibiotics on babies with cystic fibrosis (CF)
The a new clinical trial, CF START, is exploring whether infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) should be prescribed a long-term antibiotic that they take twice a day, every day or if they should be treated in a more targeted manner, with antibiotics given when required. This trial funded by the NIHR and supported by the... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - May 26, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Lung cancer screening trial success
The UK Lung cancer screening trial (UKLS) has been successfully completed and demonstrated that patients with a high risk of developing lung cancer can be identified with early stage disease and over 80% have had surgical interventions. The UKLS trial was conducted by experts in the University of Liverpool.The UKLS was undertaken in partnership with... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - May 25, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

New guide on evaluating healthcare system innovations
A new e-book published today is the first to comprehensively address the challenges faced by healthcare providers in evaluating system-level innovations in healthcare services in an evolving landscape. If innovations can be better evaluated, then better, evidence-based decisions can be made by healthcare providers to improve the quality of health services in the UK. Entitled... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - May 24, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Survey reveals few GPs use alternatives to face-to-face consultations
Despite pressure on GPs to offer consultations by email or internet video programmes such as Skype, few GPs do and most have no plans to introduce them in future, according to a new study.The NIHR HS&DR funded study, published today in the British Journal of General Practice, was conducted by researchers from the Universities of... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - May 24, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

New research tests the effectiveness of hearing screening tests in school
New research shows that not having hearing screening tests in school may be just as effective as conducting screening tests in school, in identifying children with hearing problems. Identifying whether a child has hearing difficulties is important for development and education. Screening babies when they are born finds most of them but hearing problems can... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - May 18, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Can psychological therapies help people who self-harm?
Latest research out today has found that psychological therapies, more commonly known as ‘talking treatments’, may help people who self-harm. Self-harm is intentional self-poisoning or self-injury. Many people who are admitted to hospital because of this are at an increased risk of self-harming again and of suicide. It is a major problem in many countries,... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - May 12, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Taking prescription medication to help stop smoking is more successful long term
A new NIHR Cochrane Review has confirmed that varenicline (branded as Champix), the most commonly used prescription medication used to treat nicotine addiction, more than doubles the likelihood of stopping people smoking in the long term, compared to those who don’t use medications to help them quit. When people stop smoking they experience cravings to... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - May 12, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

New UK-wide clinical trial aims to improve muscle strength in older people
A UK-wide clinical trial is set to examine whether a commonly used heart pill and a food supplement could improve the health of older people across the UK by improving muscle strength.Researchers funded by the EME Programme are testing whether the treatments can prevent the weakening of muscles that commonly affects older people.The research team... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - May 11, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Dementia researchers tell their story on BBC’s Horizon
A NIHR, HTA Programme, funded project will feature on BBC Two’s flagship science strand Horizon at 8pm on Wednesday 11 May. Researchers from the University of Exeter will talk about a form of therapy which is yielding promising results in helping people with dementia manage the effects of the condition and improve their everyday lives.The... (Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News)
Source: NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies News - May 9, 2016 Category: American Health Source Type: news