Photobiomodulation Therapy in Veterinary Medicine: A Review
Laser therapy, or photobiomodulation, has rapidly grown in popularity in human and veterinary medicine. With a number of proposed indications and broad, sometimes anecdotal, use in practice, research interest has expanded aimed at providing scientific support. Recent studies have shown that laser therapy alters the inflammatory and immune response as well as promotes healing for a variety of tissue types [1 –6]. This review will cover the history of the modality, basic principles, proposed mechanisms of action, evidence-based clinical indications, and will guide the practitioner through its application in practice. (...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - July 4, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lindsay Hochman Source Type: research

Evidence for clinical anaplasmosis and borreliosis in cats in Maine
The objectives of this study were to use data from client-owned cats in an Ixodes scapularis endemic area to evaluate for clinical associations with diagnostic test results for Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi and to provide information from a group of cats with possible borreliosis as the cause of clinical manifestations of disease. All cases were evaluated at one clinic, medical records were evaluated, and sera from all cats were tested using one of two commercially available assays labeled for the use with dog sera (SNAP ® 4Dx® or SNAP® 4Dx® Plus; IDEXX Laboratories, Westbrook, ME). (So...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - June 20, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Kris Hoyt, Ramaswamy Chandrashekar, Melissa Beall, Christian Leutenegger, Michael R. Lappin Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Hydroxyurea-induced onychomadesis in a dog with chronic myeloid leukemia: a case report
A 12-year-old Rottweiler dog was presented with a history of prostration, weight loss and hyporexia for six months. Based on complete blood tests (hematological and biochemical analyses), bone marrow examination and imaging analysis, a diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia was made. Treatment with hydroxyurea at a dosage of 18 mg/kg twice daily was not effective in controlling the high count of white blood cells. Furthermore, after 35 days of hydroxyurea treatment, the animal developed onycholysis, with sloughing of the claws of the left pelvic and left thoracic limbs and exposure of the distal phalanx. (Source: Topics in ...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - June 12, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Denner Santos dos Anjos, Paula Barbosa Costa, Larissa Fernandes Magalh ães, Oscar Rodrigo Sierra, Sabryna Gouveia Calazans, Carlos Eduardo Fonseca-Alves Source Type: research

Histograms of complete blood counts in dogs: Maximizing diagnostic information
Histograms, which are an integral part of the automated complete blood count, are now available through most of the automatic hematology analyzers used in veterinary clinical practice. Data concerning the size and number of blood cells are graphically presented in histograms, and their variations are also illustrated. Important information that is not apparent from numerical results are sometimes provided by histograms. Histograms are also referred to as frequency distribution curves and are essentially graphs resulting from the placement of the sizes of cells on the x-axis and the number of cells on the y-axis. (Source: T...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - June 3, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Labrini V. Athanasiou, Constantina N. Tsokana, Dimitra Pardali, Katerina Adamama Moraitou Source Type: research

Feline herpesvirus 1 and Mycoplasma spp. conventional PCR assay results from conjunctival samples from cats in shelters with suspected acute ocular infections
The objectives of this study were to report results for conventional PCR assays that amplify nucleic acids of FHV-1, Mycoplasma spp., C. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - May 29, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Dara Zirofsky, Wendy Rekers, Cynthia Powell, Jennifer Hawley, Julia Veir, Michael Lappin Source Type: research

Veterinary Neurologic Rehabilitation: The Rationale for a Comprehensive Approach
The increase in client willingness to pursue surgical procedures, the heightened perceived value of veterinary patients, and the desire to provide comprehensive medical care have driven the recent demand of using an integrative treatment approach in veterinary rehabilitation. Physical therapy following neurological injury has been the standard of care in human medicine for decades, while similar rehabilitation techniques have only recently been adapted and utilized in veterinary medicine. Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is the most common neurologic disease currently addressed by veterinary rehabilitation specialists and will be ...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - May 10, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lauren R. Frank, Patrick F.P. Roynard Source Type: research

Intranasal Osteosarcoma in a Dog – A Case Report
This report describes a six-year-old, female, cross-breed dog presented with signs of 90 days duration and diagnosed with a mass located in the right nasal cavity. Radiography, rhinoscopy and computed tomography findings suggested the presence of an intranasal tumor. Osteosarcoma in the nasal cavity was diagnosed based on histopathological examination and clinical and imaging findings. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Gabriela Noronha de Toledo, Pamela Rodrigues Reina Moreira, Daniele Rolemberg, Andreia Coutinho, Julio Edward Hough Monteiro, Mareliza P. Menezes, Maria Eduarda Moutinho, Felipe Augusto Ruiz Sueiro, Rosemeri de Oliveira Vasconcelos, Paola de Castro Moraes Source Type: research

Readability Evaluations of Veterinary Client Handouts and Implications for Patient Care
Health literacy and readability are important considerations for veterinary medicine, as veterinarians commonly distribute brochures, leaflets and info-graphics to explain health related issues to pet owners. Educational materials that are poorly comprehended by the intended audience could result in negative, unintended consequences. Thus, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA) have recommended readability levels for text on health information be targeted between the fourth and sixth grade levels to accommodate a highly diverse public. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - April 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Kenneth D. Royal, M. Katie Sheats, April A. Kedrowicz Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research

Readability Evaluations of Veterinary Client Handouts and Implications for Patient Care
Health literacy and readability are important considerations for veterinary medicine, as veterinarians commonly distribute brochures, leaflets and info-graphics to explain health related issues to pet-owners. Educational materials that are poorly comprehended by the intended audience could result in negative, unintended consequences. Thus, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA) have recommended readability levels for text on health information be targeted between the 4th and 6th grade levels to accommodate a highly diverse public. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - April 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Kenneth D. Royal, April Kedrowicz Source Type: research

A Review: Emergency Management of Dogs With Suspected Epileptic Seizures
Dogs with seizure disorders are commonly presented to the general practitioner for initial evaluation. The most common diagnosis provided is idiopathic epilepsy. As witnessing seizures is often traumatic for owners, it is important for the practitioner to understand seizure classification, know when to initiate antiepileptic drug therapy and be comfortable with client education regarding seizures. This review briefly discusses the most up-to-date classification of seizures, the necessity to obtain accurate histories and complete examinations, base-line diagnostics to perform, the importance of owner education, and when to ...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - March 20, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tessa Meland, Sheila Carrera-Justiz Tags: Review articles Source Type: research

A Review: Emergency Management of Dogs with Suspected Epileptic Seizures
Dogs with seizure disorders are commonly presented to the general practitioner for initial evaluation. The most common diagnosis provided is idiopathic epilepsy. As witnessing seizures is often traumatic for owners, it is important for the practitioner to understand seizure classification, know when to initiate anti-epileptic drug therapy and be comfortable with client education regarding seizures. This review briefly discusses the most up-to-date classification of seizures, the necessity to obtain accurate histories and complete examinations, base-line diagnostics to perform, the importance of owner education, and when to...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - March 20, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tessa Meland, Sheila Carrera-Justiz Source Type: research

Whelping and Dystocia: Maximizing Success of Medical Management
Dystocia can be defined broadly as “difficult birth” or more specifically as difficulty in the bitch expelling the pups through the cervix, vagina, and vestibule. It is a fairly common emergency presented to the small animal practitioner with an incidence rate of approximately 5%. The incidence of dystocia is highest in toy and b rachycephalic breeds, and occurs frequently in small litters ( (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - March 16, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Erin E. Runcan, Marco A. Coutinho da Silva Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Understanding and Treating Chiari-like Malformation and Syringomyelia in Dogs
Chiari-like malformation (CM) and syringomyelia (SM) are common and debilitating conditions in toy and small breed dogs. CM, considered ubiquitous in the cavalier King Charles spaniel (CKCS) population, results in abnormal cerebrospinal fluid dynamics which can lead to the development of SM. The clinical signs associated with CM/SM are frequently confused with other otologic and dermatologic conditions, which may delay appropriate treatment. A definitive diagnosis of CM/SM requires advanced imaging; however, due to expense associated with this, many cases are managed presumptively and symptomatically for the condition. (So...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - March 15, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Ashley C. Hechler, Sarah A. Moore Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Canine Diabetes Mellitus Associated Ocular Disease
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a commonly encountered disease in companion animal veterinary practice. Ocular complications in dogs with DM are thought to be common but there are no reports of the overall incidence of DM-associated ocular disease. Some complications, such as cataracts and ocular surface disease, can lead to vision loss and significant morbidity among DM patients, therefore early recognition and intervention are essential for successful outcomes. The purpose of this article is to provide a review of several currently known or suspected ocular diseases associated with DM. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - March 14, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Eric J. Miller, Courtenay M. Brines Tags: Review articles Source Type: research

Bioelectric Dressing Supports Complex Wound Healing in Small Animal Patients
This article retrospectively reviews the use of a microcell battery-impregnated bioelectric dressing (BED) in 5 small animal patients with complex wounds. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - March 13, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Amanda Maijer, April Gessner, Brian Trumpatori, Janet D. Varhus Source Type: research

Bioelectric dressing supports complex wound healing in small animal patients
It is well documented that physiological electric fields provide the earliest signals necessary to initiate cell proliferation, migration, and ultimately re-epithelialization of wounds. Additionally, electricity is known to exert an antimicrobial effect. An electric field-generating wound dressing designed to mimic physiological electric fields has not been described in the small animal clinic. This manuscript retrospectively reviews the use of a microcell battery-impregnated bioelectric dressing (BED) in five small animal patients with complex wounds. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - March 13, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Amanda Maijer, April Gessner, Brian Trumpatori, Janet D. Varhus, Patricia Hooley Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Leptospirosis in Working Dogs
Working dogs are canine animals that have been trained to assist human beings in carrying out various tasks. They help in guarding property, performing rescues, assisting the visually impaired or physically handicapped, searching for drugs, explosives, and others. Leptospirosis is one of the most widespread zoonotic diseases in the world and a commonly occurring disease of the tropics and subtropics. In Malaysia, all working dogs are normally vaccinated with serovars, Pomona, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Canicola, and Grippotyphosa based on protocols recommended from other countries. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - December 26, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: S.F. Lau, J.Y. Wong, K.H. Khor, M.A. Roslan, M.S. Abdul Rahman, S.K. Bejo, R. Radzi, A.R. Bahaman Tags: Topical Review Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Leptospirosis in working dogs
Working dogs are canine animals that have been trained to assist human beings in carrying out various tasks. They help in guarding property, performing rescues, assisting the visually impaired or physically handicapped, searching for drugs, explosives, and others. Leptospirosis is one of the most widespread zoonotic diseases in the world and a commonly occurring disease of the tropics and subtropics. In Malaysia, all working dogs are normally vaccinated with serovars, Pomona, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Canicola and Grippotyphosa based on protocols recommended from other countries. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - December 26, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: S.F. Lau, J.Y. Wong, K.H. Khor, M.A. Roslan, M.S. Abdul Rahman, S.K. Bejo, R. Radzi, A.R. Bahaman Source Type: research

A New and Easy Procedure to Place an Esophagostomy Tube into Dogs and Cats
Enteral nutrition improves survival rates and hospitalization times. Some diseases affecting the oral cavity can hinder spontaneous nutrition; in these cases the use of an esophagostomic tube can resolve nutritional problems. The innovative method described in this study is easier and more rapid than those currently known because the end of the tube does not need to be extracted from the oral cavity and then be reinserted with a number of maneuvers into the esophagus. The procedure does not require specific instruments, endotracheal intubation, and nor does it require the head to be moved or lifted. (Source: Topics in Comp...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - November 29, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Fabio Vigano Source Type: research

Effect of Enterococcus Faecium Strain SF68 on Gastrointestinal Signs and Fecal Microbiome in Cats Administered Amoxicillin-Clavulanate
Some cats develop vomiting or diarrhea during administration of some antibiotics like amoxicillin-clavulanate but how often this occurs and the severity of disease is generally unknown. In people, one of the accepted indications for the use of probiotics is to attempt and lessen antibiotic associated diarrhea. Enterococcus faecium strain SF68 (SF68; Purina ® ProPlan® Veterinary Diets; FortiFloraTM Probiotic Supplement) is a commercially available probiotic available in many countries that has been shown to lessen diarrhea rates in cats housed in animal shelters. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - November 28, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: C. Torres-Henderson, S. Summers, J. Suchodolski, M.R. Lappin Source Type: research

Evaluation of Metronidazole with and without Enterococcus Faecium SF68 in Shelter Dogs with Diarrhea
Diarrhea is common in shelter dogs and non-specific therapies like therapeutic diets, probiotics, and drugs with activity against Giardia spp. or enteric bacteria are commonly prescribed empirically. All dogs in this study were administered metronidazole, fed a standardized diet, and randomized to either receive a commercially available probiotic (Purina ® Pro Plan® Veterinary Diets; FortiFlora® Probiotic Supplement)2 or a placebo which was the commercial product without the probiotic for 7 days. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - November 28, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: A. Fenimore, M.R. Lappin Source Type: research

Effect of an Oral Joint Supplement When Compared to Carprofen in the Management of Hip Osteoarthritis in Working Dogs
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an oral joint supplement in working dogs with hip osteoarthritis compared with a positive control group (CG). Fifteen animals were divided in treatment group (TG, n = 10) and CG (n = 5). To TG a commercially available joint supplement, containing glucosamine HCl, chondroitin sulphate, and hyaluronic acid was given for 40 days and a 70-day course of a placebo, to be administered as if it was carprofen. The CG received carprofen for 70 days, and a placebo to be administered as the joint supplement. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - November 1, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jo ão Carlos Alves, Ana Margarida Santos, Patrícia Isabel Jorge Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Effect of an oral joint supplement when compared to carprofen in the management of hip osteoarthritis in working dogs
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an oral joint supplement in working dogs with hip osteoarthritis compared with a positive control group. Fifteen animals were divided in treatment group (TG, n=10) and control group (CG, n=5). To TG a commercially available joint supplement, containing Glucosamine HCl, Chondroitin sulphate and Hyaluronic Acid was given for 40 days and a 70-day course of a placebo, to be administered as if it was carprofen. The CG received carprofen for 70 days, and a placebo to be administered as the joint supplement. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - November 1, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: J.C. Alves, A. Santos, P. Jorge Source Type: research

Why Owners Choose an Orthosis Over Stifle Surgery for Canine Cranial Cruciate Ligament Deficiency
The objective of this study was to describe the patient population of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) deficiency that were prescribed a stifle orthosis. A total of 215 client-owned dogs with previously diagnosed CrCL deficiency were prescribed a stifle orthosis at a veterinary pain management and mobility clinic. Patient intake data collected included dog signalment, chief medical complaint, home environment and activity description, medical and surgical history, and diagnosing veterinarian. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - October 31, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Gina E. Bertocci, Nathan P. Brown, Patrice M. Mich Tags: Topical Review Source Type: research

Prevalence of Intestinal Endoparasites with Zoonotic Potential in Domestic Cats from Botucatu, SP, Brazil
Intestinal endoparasites in cats have received increasing attention worldwide due to the increase in the population of cats and their intimate relationship with people. However, concern about the zoonotic potential of these agents is still small. The aim of this study was evaluating the occurrence of intestinal endoparasites, the most prevalent ones, as well as the profile of affected cats. We conducted a survey of the medical records of cats treated at Small Animal Medical Clinic, in the Veterinary Hospital of the University of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences – campus Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. (Sou...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - October 31, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: F úlvia Bueno de Souza, Isabela Maciel Nakiri, Natália de Oliveira Lourenço, Gustavo Gomes da Silva, Débora Rizzo Paschoalini, Priscylla Tatiana Chalfun Guimarães-Okamoto, Alessandra Melchert Source Type: research

Why Owners Choose an Orthosis over Stifle Surgery for Canine Cranial Cruciate Ligament Deficiency
To describe the patient population of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) deficiency prescribed a stifle orthosis. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - October 31, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Gina E. Bertocci, Nathan P. Brown, Patrice M. Mich Source Type: research

Small Animal Massage Therapy: A Brief Review and Relevant Observations
Massage therapy is becoming increasingly popular in human and animal physiotherapy and rehabilitation. Wider application of the technique led to research efforts aimed at providing scientific support to anecdotal beneficial effects, particularly pain relief. Recent studies have shown that massage therapy alters dopamine and serotonin levels, decreases noradrenaline levels, and modulates the immune system. Psychological effects such as reduction of stress and anxiety, with improvement of depressive patients, have been reported in humans. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - October 13, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Maira Rezende Formenton, Marco Aur élio Amador Pereira, Denise Tabacchi Fantoni Tags: Topical Review Source Type: research

Small Animal Massage Therapy: A Brief Review and Relevant Observations
Massage therapy is becoming increasingly popular in human and animal physiotherapy and rehabilitation. Wider application of the technique led to research efforts aimed at providing scientific support to anecdotal beneficial effects, particularly pain relief. Recent studies have shown that massage therapy alters dopamine and serotonin levels, decreases noradrenaline levels and modulates the immune system. Psychological effects such as reduction of stress and anxiety, with improvement of depressive patients, have been reported in humans. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - October 13, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Maira Rezende Formenton, Marco Aur élio A. Pereira, Denise Tabacchi Fantoni Source Type: research

Gastroscopic Study of Meloxicam, Tramadol, and Their Combined Administration on the Development of Gastric Injuries in Dogs
Opioid and non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to manage post-operative pain that may be chronically extended. Although NSAIDs have been approved for their analgesic effects in canine, they are mostly known to be associated with side effects, particularly gastric ulcers. In the present study, we evaluated short-term co-administration of meloxicam and tramadol to see if this could induce more gastric ulcers than that observed when using these drugs individually. Twenty adult mixed domestic dogs weighing 10 to 20 kg of both sexes, were randomly assigned to four groups of five dogs. (Source: Topics ...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - September 19, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Hesamedin Eskafian, Aidin Shojaee Tabrizi, Maryam Ansari Lari Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research

Gastroscopic Study of Meloxicam, Tramadol and their Combined Administration on the Development of Gastric Injuries in Dogs
Pain is a response to the tissue damage and inflammation. The management of chronic pain and also pre and post-operative pain is crucial for the recovery and acceleration of the healing processes.1 Opioids and non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used for these purposes.2 It should be highlighted that both the opioids and NSAIDs have some significant limitations. Opioids may increase the chance of death due to respiratory depression, and increase patients discomfort by constipation. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - September 19, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Hesamedin Eskafian, Aidin Shojaee Tabrizi, Maryam Ansari Lari Source Type: research

Table of contents
(Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - September 1, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of Pericardial Effusion in Dogs and Successful Treatment Using a Hemodialysis Fistula Needle: A Retrospective Study
The aim of this retrospective study was to assess epidemiology and echocardiographic findings of pericardial effusion in canine patients and to determine the clinical usefulness and safety of a new pericardiocentesis technique, using a “fistula needle” for hemodialysis.A database of 5304 dogs of different breeds, age, gender, type and severity of the cardiac disease, referred for a specialist cardiology and echocardiographic examination from 2009 to 2016, was reviewed. All the dogs were subjected to echocardiography; when poss ible and required, an echo-guided pericardiocentesis was performed by mean of a 17 ga...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - August 29, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Bartolo Celona, Chiara Crin ò, Elisabetta Giudice, Simona Di Pietro Source Type: research

Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion in a Mini-Breed Puppy Associated With Aspiration Pneumonia
A 3-month-old intact male Prague ratter was presented to the emergency service for evaluation of progressive lethargy, weakness, coughing and labour breathing after an episode of resistance to oral deworming. The patient exhibited depression, increased respiratory effort and cyanosis at initial presentation. Results of first diagnostic work-up (complete blood cell count, biochemistry panel and thoracic x-rays) were all consistent with aspiration pneumonia. The puppy was initially treated with balanced isotonic crystalloids, broad spectrum antibiotics, nebulization with thoracic coupage and was transferred to an infant incu...
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - August 18, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Roc ío Martínez, Carlos Torrente Source Type: research

Aberrant Left Subclavian Artery in a Beagle Puppy With a Persistent Right Aortic Arch. Use of Cone Beam Computed Tomography to Diagnose a Vascular Ring Anomaly
A 7-week-old, 1.045kg female beagle dog was referred to investigate a supposed vascular ring anomaly. Cone beam computed tomography with contrast enhanced arterial phase accomplished by a rapid manual intravenous injection of iodinated agent during the scanning process revealed a persistent right aortic arch and an aberrant left subclavian artery that compressed dorsally the esophagus in the cranial mediastinum. Third left intercostal thoracotomy was performed to transect the left subclavian artery. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - August 18, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Bertrand Vedrine, Franck Durieux Source Type: research

Aberrant Left Subclavian Artery in a Beagle Puppy with a Persistent Right Aortic Arch Use of Cone Beam Computed Tomography to Diagnose a Vascular Ring Anomaly
A 7-week-old, 1.045kg female beagle dog was referred to investigate a supposed vascular ring anomaly (VRA). Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) with contrast enhanced arterial phase accomplished by a rapid manual IV injection of iodinated agent during the scanning process revealed a persistent right aortic arch (PRAA) and an aberrant left subclavian artery (LSA) that compresses dorsally the oesophagus in the cranial mediastinum. Third left intercostal thoracotomy was performed to transect the LSA. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - August 18, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Bertrand Vedrine, Franck Durieux Source Type: research

Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion in a Mini-Breed Puppy Associated with Aspiration Pneumonia
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is an unusual hormonal disorder that may occur during the hospitalization period because a patient ′s secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is not inhibited by hypotonicity of extracellular fluid and, consequently, water retention takes place and dilutional hyponatremia develops [1]. Clinically, this disorder is characterized by severe hyponatremia, hypoosmolality, inappropriately concentrate d urine and high urine sodium excretion [2]. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - August 18, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: R. Mart ínez, C. Torrente Source Type: research

Extreme tetralogy of fallot with polycythemia in a ferret (Mustela putorius furo)
A 5-month-old, intact male ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was presented with apathy, tachypnea and exercise intolerance.On physical examination, tachypnea and cyanosis were observed. The complete blood count revealed a severe polycythemia, with lymphopenia, neutrophilia and eosinophilia.Thoracic radiographs revealed cardiomegaly and a diffuse alveolar pulmonary pattern.The echocardiography revealed an interventricular septal defect, pulmonic artery occlusion, overriding of the aorta and right ventricle hypertrophy, compatible with a tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - August 10, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sara Dias, Marta Planellas, Albert Canturri, Jaume Martorell Source Type: research

Use of Purina Pro Plan Veterinary Diet UR Urinary St/Ox to Dissolve Struvite Cystoliths
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of feeding the commercially available diet, Purina Pro Plan Veterinary Diets UR Urinary St/Ox, for the dissolution of struvite cystoliths in cats with naturally occurring disease. Twelve cats with clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease and cystoliths confirmed via radiographs were enrolled. The cats were fed the study diet ad libitum and assessed by abdominal radiographs weekly. Cats with cystoliths that resolved based on radiographs and confirmatory ultrasound examination were considered diet successes. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - July 31, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Camille Torres-Henderson, Jamie Bunkers, Elena T. Contreras, Emily Cross, Michael R. Lappin Tags: Topical Review Source Type: research

Use of Purina ® Pro Plan® Veterinary Diet UR Urinary® St/Ox® to Dissolve Struvite Cystoliths
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of feeding the commercially available diet, Purina ® Pro Plan® Veterinary Diets UR Urinary® St/Ox®, for the dissolution of struvite cystoliths in cats with naturally occurring disease. Twelve cats with clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease and cystoliths confirmed via radiographs were enrolled. The cats were fed the study diet ad libitum and assessed by abdominal radiographs weekly. Cats with cystoliths that resolved based on radiographs and confirmatory ultrasound examination were considered diet successes. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - July 31, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: C. Torres-Henderson, J. Bunkers, E.T. Contreras, E. Cross, M.R. Lappin Source Type: research

Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Healthy Dogs
The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise on hematology and serum biochemistry in healthy dogs. Ten intact beagle dogs, 3 females, and 7 males, with a mean age of 3 years, and mean body mass of 14.3kg, body condition score between 4.0/9 and 4.5/9 were evaluated. The WBV sessions were done with the dog standing up on all 4 feet on a vibrating platform. Daily session of 30Hz for 5 minutes, followed by 50Hz for 5 minutes and finishing with 30Hz for 5 minutes was accomplished for 5 days. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - July 28, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Ivan Felismino Charas Santos, Sheila Canevese Rahal, Jussara Shimono, Miriam Tsunemi, Regina Takahira, Carlos Roberto Teixeira Tags: Topical Review Source Type: research

Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Health Dogs
The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise on hematology and serum biochemistry in healthy dogs. Ten intact beagle dogs, three females and seven males, with a mean age of 3 years, and mean body mass of 14.3kg, body condition score (BCS) between 4.0/9 and 4.5/9 were evaluated. The whole-body vibration sessions were done with the dog standing up on all four feet on a vibrating platform. Daily session of 30Hz for 5min, followed by 50Hz for 5 min and finishing with 30Hz for 5 min was accomplished for five days. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - July 28, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: I.F.C. Santos, S.C. Rahal, J. Shimono, M. Tsunemi, R. Takahira, C.R. Teixeira Source Type: research

Submucosal Collagen Injection for Management of Urinary Incontinence Following Urethral Stent Placement
An eight-year-old, entire, male British Bulldog was referred for a week-long history of severe stranguria and dysuria. A prostatic wash was diagnostic of prostatic carcinoma. A transluminal urethral stent was placed in the proximal urethra which resulted in resolution of the urinary obstruction, however the dog developed severe urinary incontinence after the procedure. Cystoscopically-guided submucosal collagen injections were performed immediately proximal to the os penis. The dog ′s incontinence resolved with a single collagen injection for the 10 month follow up period. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - July 21, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Scott Kilpatrick, Tracy Hill Source Type: research

Identification of Helicobacter and Wolinella spp. in Oral Cavity of Toy Breed Dogs with Periodontal Disease
Periodontal diseases are the most common oral cavity infectious diseases in adult dogs. We aimed in this study to identify Helicobacter and Wolinella spp. in saliva and dental plaque of dogs with periodontitis. Sixty two small breed pet dogs, aged more than 6 years from both genders were categorized in healthy and periodontitis groups. Samples from saliva and dental plaques were collected and Helicobacter and Wolinella were identified on genus and species levels using PCR. Our results showed significant increase in infection rate of Wolinella spp. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - July 15, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Negar Nowroozilarki, Shahram Jamshidi, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Saeed Kolahian Source Type: research

Oral Disease and Microbiota in Free-roaming cats
Oral health status was evaluated in thirty-four free-roaming cats that were submitted to a Trap-Neuter-Return program. Only 38.2% of individual cats showed oral disease. Periodontal disease (PD) was present in six cats ( 17.6%), four cats (11.8%) showed feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS) and clinical evidence of feline odontoclastic resorptive lesions (FORL) was detected in only 3 animals (8.8%) by probing, but radiological studies would be necessary for reliable detection. Signs of periodontal disease (PD) occurred in 31.6% of teeth; only the less severe stages of PD were present. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - July 15, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Ana Whyte, Alba Gracia, Cristina Bonastre, Mar ía Teresa Tejedor, Jaime Whyte, Luis Vicente Monteagudo, Carmen Simón Tags: Original research paper Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Effect of Mesotherapy in the Management of Osteoarthritis-Related Pain in a Police Working Dog Using the Canine Brief Pain Inventory
A 9-year-old, 33.4kg (73.63Lb) male entire drug detection Labrador Retriever Dog was presented with an history of constant lameness from the right thoracic limb, aggravated with exercise and work. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - July 5, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jo ão Carlos Alves, Ana Margarida Santos Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Evaluation of the effect of mesotherapy in the management of osteoarthritis related pain in a police working dog using the Canine Brief Pain Inventory
A nine-year-old, 33.4kg (73.63lb) male entire drug detection Labrador Retriever Dog was presented with an history of constant lameness from the right thoracic limb, aggravated with exercise and work. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - July 5, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jo ão Carlos Alves, Ana Margarida Santos Source Type: research