Measuring place of residence across urban and rural spaces: An application to fears associated with outdoor recreation
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Eileen E. Avery, Michele D. Baumer, Joan M. Hermsen, Braden T. Leap, Jill R. Lucht, J. Sanford Rikoon, Sonja A. Wilhelm StanisAbstractPlace of residence is one factor that may affect individual engagement and experiences in outdoor recreation. In this paper we assess four measures of place of residence and their associations with fears related to outdoor recreation. Data are from a statewide survey of Missouri households conducted in 2013 (n = 3,204). Logistic regression models are used to examine different measuremen...
Source: The Social Science Journal - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The health promoting effects of social flourishing in young adults: A broad view on the relevance of social relationships
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Carol Vidal, Jenna Silverman, Emilia K. Petrillo, Flavius R.W. LillyAbstractSocial relationships are important to physical and mental health, but research is largely limited to examining a unitary social relationship construct as related to a few health outcomes. We analyzed data from a survey conducted in a large sample of college students (N = 40,250) from 54 universities across the United States. We compared three constructs of social relationships as measured by the Social Flourishing Scale (1) supportive and rewa...
Source: The Social Science Journal - September 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Viewing equality as a loss: How highlighting policy costs and benefits influences attitudes
Publication date: Available online 10 September 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Thomas Hayes, Christopher GuayAbstractAs economic and political inequality has increased in recent decades, scholars and policymakers have turned their attention to the American public’s reaction and response to this phenomenon. While most opinion polls demonstrate Americans general dislike of both economic and political inequality, there have been few implementations of policy that would reverse the trend of rising economic inequality or the outsized role that the wealthy have over policy. Moreover, redistributive tax po...
Source: The Social Science Journal - September 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: September 2019Source: The Social Science Journal, Volume 56, Issue 3Author(s): (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - September 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are defaults supportive of autonomy? An examination of nudges under the lens of Self-Determination Theory
Publication date: Available online 30 August 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Alexios Arvanitis, Konstantinos Kalliris, Konstantinos KaminiotisAbstractNudges, one of the rapidly growing law-making and public policy tools, are considered by their proponents to have a generally neutral effect on autonomy. Our study is the first to test nudges under the prism of Self-Determination Theory, a motivational theory which posits that autonomy is a basic psychological need. We focus on a specific type of nudge, defaults, and test it within the context of making a choice among a hypothetical set of insurance programs ...
Source: The Social Science Journal - September 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Early voting, direct democracy, and voter mobilization
This study aims to evaluate whether direct democracy campaign contact can stimulate peripheral voter usage of early voting options, thereby helping to equalize rates of electoral participation between core and peripheral voter groups. Using voter survey data from the 2016 US presidential election in Escambia County, Florida, the analysis shows that while core voters tend to use early voting options, peripheral voters contacted by a direct democracy campaign can be mobilized into voting absentee. This result suggests that direct democracy reforms, and the ballot measure campaigns accompanying them, can help bring about a mo...
Source: The Social Science Journal - September 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

My sustainable city — Exploring lay people’s conception of sustainable urban design
Publication date: Available online 30 August 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Gustav Bösehans, Ian WalkerAbstractThe new urbanism movement has repeatedly stressed the importance of dimensions such as density, land use and passive solar design in urban sustainability. However, little is known about lay people's conception of these constructs. If the urban environment is to be designed to prioritise people, understanding how they conceive of sustainability becomes important. The present study investigated lay people's conceptions of sustainable urban design by asking them to build their own cities with t...
Source: The Social Science Journal - September 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Financial education and student financial literacy: A cross-country analysis using PISA 2012 data
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): José Manuel Cordero, María Gil-Izquierdo, Francisco Pedraja-ChaparroAbstractThe aim of this research is to explore whether teaching basic financial concepts at schools helps to improve students’ ability to apply the knowledge and skills that they learn to real-life situations involving financial issues and decision making measured by a standardized financial literacy assessment. To do this, we exploit the rich set of comparative data about the countries participating in the PISA 2012 financial literacy module. ...
Source: The Social Science Journal - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The impact of different drinking habits on marijuana use among college-aged youths
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Zefeng BaiAbstractThe present study investigates the impact of two drinking habits – moderate drinking and heavy drinking – on marijuana use among college-aged youths. Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 97 (NLSY97), this paper reveals that there is a positive association between both drinking habits and marijuana use in the long run, indicating that alcohol and marijuana are complements. However, in the short run, the association between marijuana and alcohol varies based on different drinkin...
Source: The Social Science Journal - August 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Assessment of residents’ perceptions and support toward development projects: A study of the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Shamsa Kanwal, Abdul Hameed Pitafi, Muhammad Imran Rasheed, Adnan Pitafi, Jawad IqbalAbstractRoad infrastructure and transportation networks play a major role in development of a country’s economy and local residents. In Pakistan, such dependence has led to major investments in road construction with the mega-project China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Using social exchange theory, this study investigates residents’ attitudes toward CPEC development in Pakistan. Primary data used in this research study has b...
Source: The Social Science Journal - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Time use patterns among U.S. disengaged youth
This study used 2010–2016 data from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) to examine patterns of daily life for 1,129 disengaged youth ages 16–24. Hierarchical Cluster Analysis identified five subgroups. These were youth who focused on social activities, youth who appeared to be the primary caregivers of young children, youth engaged in religious pursuits, volunteering-focused youth, and youth who spent extensive time on court-related tasks and travel. Males, younger individuals, the unmarried, and those with fewer children were more likely to be focused on social activities than their counterparts. Females, Whit...
Source: The Social Science Journal - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Tourism and hospitality market structure: A theoretical discussion
Publication date: Available online 6 August 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Li Sheng, Wanyang HuAbstractIn this paper a standard model is used to examine the economic effect of market structure in travel destinations. We show that favorable changes in the push and pull factors are good for enhancing local hospitality business to the extent that they stimulate external tourism demand. We also find that rising competition in the hospitality industry, albeit boosting its sales, has no effect on its revenue but can impact its profitability adversely due to resulting price drops that are desirable only to incom...
Source: The Social Science Journal - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Fostering immigrant settlement and housing in small cities: Voices of settlement practitioners and service providers in British Columbia, Canada
Publication date: Available online 3 August 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Julie L. Drolet, Carlos TeixeiraAbstractInternational migration is a feature of contemporary society. Because the impacts of international migration and immigration are experienced locally, there is a need to better understand how settlement and integration activities can be tailored to the local context. While many immigrants have settled in metropolitan areas, there is need to better understand how immigrants settle in small cities outside large urban areas. A study was undertaken in Kelowna and Kamloops, two small cities in the ...
Source: The Social Science Journal - August 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Disability and World Religions: An Introduction, Darla Y. Schumm, Michael Stoltzfus (Eds.). Baylor University Press, Waco, Texas (2016), 258 pp. Hardcover, ISBN: 9781481305211
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Debra D. Andrist (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - August 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Bonding social capital and political trust: The mediating role of trust in public figures in Taiwan
This study not only assesses whether horizontal and vertical forms of BSC relate to political trust, but also analyzes how they influence political trust through trust in public figures after considering other theoretically crucial factors. Structural equation modeling is used to analyze data from a representative sample in Taiwan. The results reveal that horizontal BSC is negatively related to political trust, whereas citizens who have relatives and friends in political power have a high level of political trust. Trust in public figures mediates the association between two kinds of BSC and political confidence. This study...
Source: The Social Science Journal - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Explaining the strictness of medical marijuana regulations in states
This study explains the strictness or extent of medical marijuana laws (MMLs) adopted by states from 1996 to 2013, developing hypotheses based on states’ economic conditions, political structures, user demands, criminal justice demands, and the impact of neighboring states. We develop an index score that captures state statute strictness by analyzing and coding the statutes of MMLs in each state. Our findings show (1) that factors that influence adoption of MMLs are not the same as the factors that influence the strictness of policies and (2) that the regulation of users and what they are allowed to have for medical ...
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Framing same-sex marriage in U.S. liberal and conservative newspapers from 2004 to 2016: Changes in issue attributes, organizing themes, and story tones
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Yue Zheng, Lik Sam ChanAbstractBased on a content analysis of 326 news stories from three liberal and three conservative U.S. newspapers, this study explored how the newspapers framed the same-sex marriage issue from 2004 to 2016. “Human rights,” “access to benefits,” and “public support” were the three dominant issue attributes newspapers used to support same-sex marriage, while “protection of traditional marriage,” “public objection,” and “securing of conservative v...
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cordell Hull and His Legacies, Galen Spencer Hull. A.C. Publishing (2018), ISBN 978-0-9998470-4-6, 232pp., $25.00 Paperback
Publication date: Available online 27 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): James G. Linn (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Influencing factors to have an additional child by working women in Korea” [Soc. Sci. J. 55 (2018) 116–127]
Publication date: Available online 27 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Insu Chang, Brian H.S. Kim (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology: Adaptations, Structures, W. David Haines. University Press of Colorado, Boulder, CO (2017), 290 pp. Paperback. ISBN: 978-1607327189
Publication date: Available online 24 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Debra Rose Wilson (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Authoritarianism and support for Trump in the 2016 presidential election
Publication date: Available online 24 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Jonathan Knuckey, Komysha HassanAbstractThe emergence of authoritarianism as a core political value has been emphasized by recent scholarship on the political behavior of the American electorate. This paper adds to this literature by examining the effect of authoritarianism in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Given the campaign style of Trump and the issues that he made salient in his campaign, it is hypothesized that authoritarianism should have a substantial effect on vote choice of whites. Using data from the American Nationa...
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Assembly, Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri. Oxford University Press, New York, NY (2017), 346 pp. $27.95 hardcover. ISBN: 9780190677961
Publication date: Available online 23 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Michael J. Lorr (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Boost! How the Psychology of Sports Can Enhance your Performance in Management and Work, Michael Bar-Eli. Oxford University Press, New York, NY (2018), 314pp. $29.95. ISBN: 9780190661731
Publication date: Available online 23 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Emily Pica (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The 7 Deadly Sins of Psychology: A Manifesto for Reforming the Culture of Scientific Practice, C. Chambers. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ (2017), 288 pp. hardcover. ISBN: 9780691158907
Publication date: Available online 23 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): António Valentim (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Disability Studies and the Environmental Humanities: Toward an Eco-Crip Theory, By Sarah Jaquette Ray and Jay Sibara (Eds.), Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2017, 667 pp.
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Lisa Payne Ossian (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Common approaches for studying advocacy: Review of methods and model practices of the Advocacy Coalition Framework
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Jonathan J. Pierce, Leanne S. Giordono, Holly L. Peterson, Katherine C. HicksAbstractThe Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) is a theoretical framework widely applied by public policy scholars to study advocacy. Since its inception in 1986 by Paul Sabatier, the framework has been applied hundreds of times across the globe to various policy issues. One side effect of this growth and diversification is a lack of common methodological approaches. Inspired by historic calls to balance generalizable knowledge-of-policy process with contex...
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Perceived outgroup characteristics as antecedents and consequences of moral exclusion
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Márton HadaricsAbstractThe literature of group-based moral exclusion emphasizes that the two main reasons for excluding certain groups from the boundaries of moral regard are perceived threat and social distance. Nonetheless, we cannot rule out the possibility that these two variables are not just antecedents but also posterior justifications for moral exclusion. To reveal this possibility, applying a two-wave cross-lagged panel design, we tested the temporal directions of the relationships between group-based moral exclusion...
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are people fussy about who they work with? An experimental test of Becker’s coworker discrimination hypothesis
Publication date: Available online 9 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Ali Ahmed, Mats HammarstedtAbstractWe used an experiment to investigate whether people’s decisions over employment opportunities are affected by the ethnicity and sex of their potential future coworkers. University students (N = 1,406) were asked to state the lowest hourly wage rate at which they would be willing to accept a job on a campus food truck, where they would work alongside the food truck owner. The ethnicity and sex of the food truck owners were randomized across participants. Results showed no signs of cow...
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Worksite wellness program implementation in county organizations: Exploring strategies for success
This study assesses what factors are important to WWP implementation in county government organizations. Through a conventional content analysis (Hsieh & Shannon, 2005) of interview data collected from 18 county government WWP managers, the results provide support to earlier work regarding strategies for successful WWP implementation. However, the results also add to the literature in several ways. While the importance of leadership support is well-documented, this study finds that marketing and communication strategies, which typically focus on promoting employee participation, can also be used to encourage leadership...
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reconsidering poverty dynamics by analyzing housing spells
Publication date: Available online 4 July 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Prentiss A. DantzlerAbstractThis note reconsiders Bane and Ellwood’s (1986) research on poverty spells. Instead of focusing on cash benefits as a form of public assistance, this note uses time periods on housing assistance as an alternative way to understand poverty dynamics. Housing expenses are the largest costs for families throughout the United States. Using data from the Panel Survey of Income Dynamics from 1987 to 2011, this note undertakes an alternative methodological technique for understanding the dynamics of poverty ...
Source: The Social Science Journal - July 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Status perception, residential context and subjective wellbeing among South Korean adults: A multilevel analysis of primary survey data
This study examines the multilevel associations between perceived socioeconomic status (SES) and subjective wellbeing (SWB) among community residing South Korean adults. Based on primary survey data, this research provides evidence on the contingent ways in which status perception and wellbeing are associated across individual and contextual (residential-community) levels. Three related but distinct questions guide the analysis. First, net of objective SES indicators (income, education, employment status, homeownership and financial assets), is perceived status related to SWB? Second, is the community-level status, net of ...
Source: The Social Science Journal - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dimensions and validation of the print perceived message sensation value scale (PPMSV)
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Donald W. Helme, Lisanne F.M. Grant, Bobi Ivanov, Stephanie K. Van SteeAbstractTwo studies establish reliability and validity of the print perceived message sensation value scale (PPMSV). For study one, 397 participants responded to a single high- and a single low-sensation value anti-smoking message. In study two, 284 participants responded to a single high- and a single low-sensation value anti-crystal meth message. Results of an exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis suggest that the PMSV of a print message ...
Source: The Social Science Journal - June 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Better schools or different students? The impact of immigration reform on school-level student achievement
This study examines the consequences of two controversial Arizona immigration laws, the Legal Arizona Workers Act and SB 1070, on school enrollment and student achievement trends. In the period after implementation of both policies, Arizona public schools have demonstrated growth in student achievement on standardized tests arguably due to the state education policies. We propose an alternative explanation and show that the observed achievement gains in schools resulted both due to academic improvement and partially because of the attrition of the low achieving students from certain type of schools. Using data from Arizona...
Source: The Social Science Journal - June 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Why Minsky Matters: An Introduction to the Work of a Maverick Economist, L. Randall Wray, Princeton University Press, 2017.
Publication date: Available online 8 June 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Reynold F. Nesiba, Jim Peach, Hendrik Van den Berg (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - June 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Shades of Blue: A review of the hiring, recruitment, and selection of female and minority police officers
Publication date: Available online 1 June 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Richard H. DonohueAbstractDiversity of police personnel, especially regarding representation of female and racial/ethnic minority officers, is an important step in improving positive police-community relations. Historically, both female and minority applicants have faced challenges in recruitment, hiring, and selection. By systematically reviewing literature available from 2000 to present, this paper identifies persistent challenges and programs aimed at overcoming such deficits in the United States. The studies use samples ranging f...
Source: The Social Science Journal - June 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Willingness to support environmental actions and policies: A comparative study
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Erika Allen Wolters, Donna L. Lybecker, Frances Fahy, Monica L. HubbardAbstractThe urgency of climate change necessitates a transition to more sustainable practices and policies. Individuals have a significant role in reducing carbon emissions by modifying their personal behavior and/or supporting environmental policies. This research note reports the results of two surveys conducted in the Republic of Ireland (ROI)/Northern Ireland (NI) and in the U.S. (specifically in Oregon) that examined willingness to engage in sustainable lifes...
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Satires, narratives and journalistic divides: Discourses on free speech in Western and Islamic news media
This study investigates how Western news media (The New York Times and BBC News) and Islamic news media (Al-Jazeera English and Al-Arabiya English) frame issues about freedom of expression and anti-Islamic sentiments, respectively, in the aftermath of the January 7, 2015, attacks on France’s weekly satirical newsmagazine, Charlie Hebdo. Results show a deep divide: that the Western news media, on the one hand, endorsed Charlie Hebdo’s right to offend religious sensitivities and lauded its role to protect the Western value of free speech; and that the Islamic news media, on the other, viewed the entire Western di...
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Education prioritization and language spread
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Brendan Apfeld, Amy H. LiuAbstractGiven the importance of language for state building, many governments undertake language planning efforts to ensure their citizens can speak an – if not, the – official language. Yet the mere act of designating a language as official is not sufficient for the language to be widely spoken across the population. In this paper we ask, what explains official language spread? We argue whether citizens can speak an official language – either as a first or second language – depends o...
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Jacob Torfing. Collaborative Innovation in the Public Sector, Georgetown University Press, Washington, DC (2016). 353 pp., $34.93 paperback. ISBN 978-1-62616-360-7.
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): William A. Wilson (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Field Researcher’s Handbook: A Guide to the Art and Science of Professional Fieldwork, David J. Danelo. Georgetown University Press, Washington, DC (2017), $16.31 paperback. ISBN 9781626164451
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Aparajita Banerjee (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Understanding the intention to use biosecurity management strategies on-farm: A study of Vietnamese farmers in Australia
In this study, we applied the Protection Motivation Theory to identify factors influencing farmer intention to undertake biosecurity management strategies. A survey was carried out between 2015 and 2016 across 101 Vietnamese farmers in three locations in Australia: the Northern Territory, South Australia, and Western Australia. Following data analysis using factor analysis and stepwise regressions, the results showed that farmer self-efficacy of on-farm risk management strategies, available incentives, and belief in biosecurity threats associated, positively, with the intention to adopt biosecurity risk management strategi...
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A distinction with a difference: The influence of social concerns and racial prejudice on support for amnesty
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Hovannes Abramyan, Gerard AlexanderAbstractIn recent years, strong public opposition to amnesty has prevented the passage of any new immigration laws that include a “pathway to citizenship” for the millions of undocumented immigrants who reside in the United States. Much scholarship on the origins of white opposition to immigration has focused on ethnocentrism. However, it has also tended to conflate racial prejudice with potentially non-racial social concerns – even though the latter could, in theory, be ameliorate...
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

I green, you green, we all green: Testing the extended environmental theory of planned behavior among the university students of Pakistan
This study aims to extend and validate the environmental theory of planned behavior by incorporating the cognitive-perceptual beliefs about the outcome of ecological actions. We collected the data via a self-administered questionnaire from 285 systematically selected urban university students of Pakistan. The study employs structural equation modeling (SEM) with maximum likelihood method (MLE). Extended environmental theory of planned behavior explained a considerable amount of variance in green purchase intentions. Results revealed that the perceived seriousness of environmental problems and independent self-construal wer...
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Complaints of police misconduct: Examining the timeliness and outcomes of internal affairs investigations
This study examined how characteristics of patrol officers and complaint cases influenced the timeliness of completing police misconduct investigations. Further, it analyzed how the timeliness of the investigation influenced the disposition and discipline of complaint investigations while controlling for relevant variables. Data were collected from a Midwestern municipal police agency for all formal complaints filed against patrol officers from 2006 to 2017. The analyses demonstrated that the nature of the complaint and number of police officers present on scene were two predictors of the timeliness of complaint investigat...
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Good People, Bad Managers: How Work Culture Corrupts Good Intentions, By Samuel A. Culbert; New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2017. 188 pp. $24.95 paperback. ISBN: 9780190652395.
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Robert E. Parker (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cathy O’Neil. Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy, Crown Publishers, New York (2016). 259 pp., ISBN: 9780553418811.
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Zaki Eusufzai (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Money and rhetoric: Energy sector dynamics in U.S. Senate committee
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Iliyan R. Iliev, Patrick T. BrandtAbstractThe sequencing of the relationship between campaign contributions and legislative rhetoric is categorized by competing theories as being driven by lags, leads, and contemporaneous effects. We study the committee level dynamics between energy sector donations and legislative rhetoric in the U.S. Senate. Conditioning on party and Senate class, we find evidence for complex interactions that are characterized by a combination of various temporal responses. Individual dynamics — electoral vu...
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

When justice answers to the president: reexamining the effect of cabinet partisanship on human rights in presidential democracies
Publication date: Available online 20 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Joshua HolzerAbstractRecent research suggests that the administrations of presidents with diverse cabinets are less likely (and less able) to violate human rights. I posit that a more clear image of how (and where) repression occurs can be obtained by looking at the cabinet portfolios that have the greatest capacity to repress, such as the ministry of justice (which typically oversees a state’s justice system and prison apparatus). In this research note, I reexamine the relationship between cabinet partisanship and government r...
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: June 2019Source: The Social Science Journal, Volume 56, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Experiences of upward social comparison in entertainment contexts: Emotions, state self-esteem, and enjoyment
This study examines the self- and affect-related outcomes associated with upward social comparisons to entertainment characters. Participants (N = 218) chose one entertainment television program to view from a selection of eight available and reported their emotional responses, state self-esteem, and enjoyment post-viewing. Feelings of envy and jealousy, associated with upward contrastive social comparisons, were related to decreased state self-esteem post viewing. Alternatively, feelings of hope and inspiration, associated with upward assimilative social comparisons, were related to increased enjoyment and a...
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research