Corrections
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Global lessons for deinstitutionalisation from the ill-fated transfer of mental health-care users in Gauteng, South Africa
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Melvyn Colin FreemanSummarySouth Africa witnessed a national tragedy between October, 2015, and June, 2016, when the Department of Health in Gauteng province moved 1711 mental health-care users with severe mental illness or severe and profound intellectual disability out of facilities managed by a private company, Life Esidimeni, mainly into the care of non-governmental organisations. The plan was called the Gauteng Mental Health Marathon Project. In a rushed and flawed process, 144 people died, and the whereabouts of another 44 remain u...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increasing access to psychological treatments for mental illness
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Mark Hayward (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Automated psychological therapy using immersive virtual reality for treatment of fear of heights: a single-blind, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Daniel Freeman, Polly Haselton, Jason Freeman, Bernhard Spanlang, Sameer Kishore, Emily Albery, Megan Denne, Poppy Brown, Mel Slater, Alecia NicklessSummaryBackgroundEngaging, interactive, and automated virtual reality (VR) treatments might help solve the unmet needs of individuals with mental health disorders. We tested the efficacy of an automated cognitive intervention for fear of heights guided by an avatar virtual coach (animated using motion and voice capture of an actor) in VR and delivered with the latest consumer equipment.Metho...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Internet-based behavioural activation with lay counsellor support versus online minimal psychoeducation without support for treatment of depression: a randomised controlled trial in Indonesia
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Retha Arjadi, Maaike H Nauta, Willem F Scholte, Steven D Hollon, Neerja Chowdhary, Angela O Suryani, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal, Claudi L H BocktingSummaryBackgroundDepression is one of the leading contributors to the global burden of disease. However, treatment availability is often very poor in low-income and middle-income countries. In a randomised clinical trial, we investigated the efficacy of internet-based behavioural activation with lay counsellor support compared with online minimal psychoeducation without support for depression in In...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Internet-based treatment of depression in Indonesia
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Yodi Christiani, Agus Setiawan (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioural therapy in clozapine-resistant schizophrenia (FOCUS): an assessor-blinded, randomised controlled trial
This study was prospectively registered, number ISRCTN99672552. The trial is closed to accrual.FindingsFrom Jan 1, 2013, to May 31, 2015, we randomly assigned 487 participants to either CBT and treatment as usual (n=242) or treatment as usual alone (n=245). Analysis included 209 in the CBT group and 216 in the treatment as usual group. No difference occurred in the primary outcome (PANSS total at 21 months, mean difference −0·89, 95% CI −3·32 to 1·55; p=0·48), although the CBT group improved at the end of treatment (PANSS total at 9 months, mean difference −2·40, −...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioural therapy for clozapine non-responders
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Nina R Schooler (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury: a potential cause of violent crime?
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): W Huw Williams, Prathiba Chitsabesan, Seena Fazel, Tom McMillan, Nathan Hughes, Michael Parsonage, James TonksSummaryTraumatic brain injury (TBI) is the biggest cause of death and disability in children and young people. TBI compromises important neurological functions for self-regulation and social behaviour and increases risk of behavioural disorder and psychiatric morbidity. Crime in young people is a major social issue. So-called early starters often continue for a lifetime. A substantial majority of young offenders are reconvict...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Facing fentanyl: should the USA consider trialling prescription heroin?
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Bryce Pardo, Peter Reuter (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Negative symptoms of schizophrenia: new developments and unanswered research questions
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Silvana Galderisi, Armida Mucci, Robert W Buchanan, Celso ArangoSummaryNegative symptoms of schizophrenia are associated with poor functional outcome and place a substantial burden on people with this disorder, their families, and health-care systems. We summarise the evolution of the conceptualisation of negative symptoms, the most important findings, and the remaining open questions. Several studies have shown that negative symptoms might be primary to schizophrenia or secondary to other factors, and that they cluster in the domains o...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Building capacity for global mental health research: challenges to balancing clinical and research training
Publication date: Available online 5 April 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Maria A Oquendo, Cristiane Duarte, Lidia Gouveia, Jair J Mari, Marcelo F Mello, Carolyn M Audet, Ilana Pinsky, Sten H Vermund, Ana O Mocumbi, Milton L Wainberg (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Experiencing mental health diagnosis: a systematic review of service user, clinician, and carer perspectives across clinical settings
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Amorette Perkins, Joseph Ridler, Daniel Browes, Guy Peryer, Caitlin Notley, Corinna HackmannSummaryReceiving a mental health diagnosis can be pivotal for service users, and it has been described in both positive and negative terms. What influences service-user experience of the diagnostic process is unclear; consequently, clinicians report uncertainty regarding best practice. This Review aims to understand and inform diagnostic practice through a comprehensive synthesis of qualitative data on views and experiences from key stakeholders ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The prevalence of rare diseases in psychiatry
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Veerle Bergink (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Remembering psychiatric patients murdered by the Nazi regime in Germany
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Thomas Müller (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

‘Extraordinarily arduous and fraught with danger’: syphilis, Salvarsan, and general paresis of the insane
Publication date: Available online 1 June 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Kelley Swain (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The past is present: Last Year at Marienbad
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Laura Thomas (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Liberté, égalité, fraternité
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Talha Burki (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Enough talk: fighting stigma in mental health
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Natalie Harrison (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Comparison of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an intensive community supported discharge service versus treatment as usual for adolescents with psychiatric emergencies: a randomised controlled trial
This study is registered with the ISRCTN Registry, number ISRCTN82129964.FindingsHospital use at 6 months was significantly lower in the SDS group than in the usual care group (unadjusted median 34 IQR 17–63 vs 50 days, 19–125, p=0·04). The ratio of mean total inpatient days for usual care to SDS was 1·67 (95% CI 1·02–2·81, p=0·04), which decreased to 1·65 (0·99–2·77, p=0·057) when adjusted for differences in hospital use before randomisation. Scores for SDQ and CGAS did not differ between groups. The cost-effectiveness acceptability cur...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy for post-traumatic stress disorder in military veterans, firefighters, and police officers: a randomised, double-blind, dose-response, phase 2 clinical trial
This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy for treating chronic PTSD in this population.MethodsWe did a randomised, double-blind, dose-response, phase 2 trial at an outpatient psychiatric clinic in the USA. We included service personnel who were 18 years or older, with chronic PTSD duration of 6 months or more, and who had a Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-IV) total score of 50 or greater. Using a web-based randomisation system, we randomly assigned participants (1:1:2) to three different dose groups of MDMA plus psychotherapy: 30 mg (active...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The role of job strain in understanding midlife common mental disorder: a national birth cohort study
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Samuel B Harvey, Dilan A Sellahewa, Min-Jung Wang, Josie Milligan-Saville, Bridget T Bryan, Max Henderson, Stephani L Hatch, Arnstein MykletunSummaryBackgroundLong-standing concerns exist about reverse causation and residual confounding in the prospective association between job strain and risk of future common mental disorders. We aimed to address these concerns through analysis of data collected in the UK National Child Development Study, a large British cohort study.MethodsData from the National Child Development Study (n=6870) were an...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of disrupted circadian rhythmicity with mood disorders, subjective wellbeing, and cognitive function: a cross-sectional study of 91 105 participants from the UK Biobank
We examined associations between objectively assessed circadian rhythmicity and mental health and wellbeing phenotypes, including lifetime history of mood disorder.MethodsUK residents aged 37–73 years were recruited into the UK Biobank general population cohort from 2006 to 2010. We used data from a subset of participants whose activity levels were recorded by wearing a wrist-worn accelerometer for 7 days. From these data, we derived a circadian relative amplitude variable, which is a measure of the extent to which circadian rhythmicity of rest–activity cycles is disrupted. In the same sample, we examined cross...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Formal thought disorders: from phenomenology to neurobiology
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Tilo Kircher, Henrike Bröhl, Felicitas Meier, Jennifer EngelenSummaryFormal thought disorder (FTD) is present in most psychiatric disorders and in some healthy individuals. In this Review, we present a comprehensive, integrative, and multilevel account of what is known about FTD, covering genetic, cellular, and neurotransmitter effects, environmental influences, experimental psychology and neuropsychology, brain imaging, phenomenology, linguistics, and treatment. FTD is a dimensional, phenomenologically defined construct, which can b...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What's in a name?
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): The Lancet Psychiatry (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early supported discharge: getting adolescents back on track
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): George C Patton (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy for post-traumatic stress disorder in service personnel
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Andrea Cipriani, Philip J Cowen (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prolonged exposure to job strain and long-term mental disorders
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Sabir I Giga (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Circadian rhythms and mental health: wearable sensing at scale
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Aiden Doherty (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Rethinking public mental health: learning from obesity
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Miranda Wolpert (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The importance of language in mental health care
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Veryan Richards (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Antidepressants might work for people with major depression: where do we go from here?
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Andrea Cipriani, Georgia Salanti, Toshi A Furukawa, Matthias Egger, Stefan Leucht, Henricus G Ruhe, Erick H Turner, Lauren Z Atkinson, Anna Chaimani, Julian P T Higgins, Yusuke Ogawa, Nozomi Takeshima, Yu Hayasaka, Hissei Imai, Kiyomi Shinohara, Aran Tajika, John P A Ioannidis, John R Geddes (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What about treatment of smoking to improve survival and reduce depression?
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Gemma M J Taylor, Marcus R Munafò (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What about treatment of smoking to improve survival and reduce depression? – Authors' reply
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Michael Sharpe (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The challenge of treating comorbid mental health problems in patients with a somatic illness
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Frank Snoek (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Experimental psychopathology should not be examined with rose-tinted glasses
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Ioana Alina Cristea (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Crucial need to improve mental health research and training for human rights advocates
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Rohini Bagrodia, Sarah Knuckey, Margaret L Satterthwaite, Ria Singh Sawhney, Adam D Brown (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health of victims and ex-FARC members: a challenge for the peace process in Colombia
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Fabio Idrobo, Philipp Hessel, Arturo Harker, Sara Evans-Lacko, Mauricio Avendaño (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Paternal perinatal depression in LMICs and its impact on the next generation
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Md Imran Hasan (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health services and allocation of resources: where should the money flow?
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Morsi Abdallah (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health services and allocation of resources: where should the money flow? – Authors' reply
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): David Gyllenberg, André Sourander, Mika Gissler, Tiina Ristikari (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrections
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Research round-up
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Seema Kang (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gitte Knudsen: broadening the mind
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Jules Morgan (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The state of mental health care in Pakistan
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Aliya Bashir (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Circular time
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Kelley Swain (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mind and spirit: hypnagogia and religious experience
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Adam J Powell (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Designing research that can untangle the effects in pregnancy of pharmacological treatments for mental disorders
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Megan Galbally, Caroline Crabb, Martien Snellen (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maternal and infant outcomes associated with lithium use in pregnancy: an international collaborative meta-analysis of six cohort studies
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Trine Munk-Olsen, Xiaoqin Liu, Alexander Viktorin, Hilary K Brown, Arianna Di Florio, Brian M D'Onofrio, Tara Gomes, Louise M Howard, Hind Khalifeh, Holly Krohn, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Clare L Taylor, Inge Van Kamp, Richard Wesseloo, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Simone N Vigod, Veerle BerginkSummaryBackgroundConcerns about teratogenicity and maternal and offspring complications restrict the use of lithium during pregnancy for the treatment of mood disorders. We aimed to investigate the association between in-utero lithium exposure...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

When grief has mates: King Lear and the politics of happiness
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Bridget Escolme (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research