Terrorism and post-traumatic stress disorder: a historical review
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Bill Durodié, David WainwrightSummaryTerror is a psychological state. Historically, most studies of terrorism focused on its societal purpose and structural consequences rather than mental health effects. That emphasis began to change shortly before the Sept 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. A vast expansion of research into post-traumatic stress disorder accompanied revisions to the classification of mental health disorders. The effect of terrorist incidents on those people now deemed vulnerable, both directly and indirectly, was a...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

How to inform the public about protective actions in a nuclear or radiological incident: a systematic review
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Louis Gauntlett, Richard Amlôt, G James RubinSummaryStudying how the public behaves after a nuclear emergency will help to assess overall morbidity and mortality. Pre-event education might help to shape behaviour, but how best to engage people with emergency communications for low likelihood, high-impact events is unknown. We did a systematic review to identify factors that predict behaviour in preparation for a nuclear incident, factors that predict behaviour in the immediate aftermath of a nuclear incident, and preferences amo...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Self-harm in older adults: room to improve clinical care
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Rebecca Mitchell (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Self-harm in a primary care cohort of older people: incidence, clinical management, and risk of suicide and other causes of death
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Catharine Morgan, Roger T Webb, Matthew J Carr, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur, Darren M AshcroftSummaryBackgroundSelf-harm is a major risk factor for suicide, with older adults (older than 65 years) having reportedly greater suicidal intent than any other age group. With the aging population rising and paucity of research focus in this age group, the extent of the problem of self-harm needs to be established. In a primary care cohort of older adults we aimed to investigate the incidence of self-harm, subseq...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Minocycline as a treatment for schizophrenia: is the discussion truly finished?
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Taishiro Kishimoto, Toshiro Horigome, Akihiro Takamiya (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The benefit of minocycline on negative symptoms of schizophrenia in patients with recent-onset psychosis (BeneMin): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
This study is registered as an International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial, number ISRCTN49141214, and the EU Clinical Trials register (EudraCT) number is 2010-022463-35I.FindingsBetween April 16, 2013, and April 30, 2015, we recruited 207 people and randomly assigned them to receive minocycline (n=104) or placebo (n=103). Compared with placebo, the addition of minocycline had no effect on ratings of negative symptoms (treatment effect difference −0·19, 95% CI −1·23 to 0·85; p=0·73). The primary biomarker outcomes did not change over time and were not affected by minocycline. ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Curtailing the communicability of psychiatric disorders
We present evidence of the communicability of psychiatric disorders through three major pathways: infectious and ecological, familial, and sociocultural communicability. Successful strategies developed to control the spread of communicable infectious diseases are relevant to curtailing the communicability of psychiatric disorders, thereby reducing their burden. Current interventions and policies that conceptualise psychiatric illnesses as non-communicable mostly focus on the individual. By applying strategies from infectious disease and chronic illness prevention models within a socioecological framework, we posit a broad ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Global mental health and the ambition to end AIDS by 2030
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Melanie Abas, Conall O'Cleirigh (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ethical challenges in global mental health clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Catherine Carlson, Annika Sweetland, Milton Wainberg (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The paranoia as defence model of persecutory delusions: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Philip Murphy, Richard P Bentall, Daniel Freeman, Suzanne O'Rourke, Paul HuttonSummaryBackgroundAn influential psychological model of persecutory delusions proposed that they are caused by a bias towards holding others responsible for negative events (an externalising attributional bias), preventing the individual from becoming aware of underlying low self-esteem. An early version of the model predicted self-esteem would, therefore, be preserved in people with these delusions, but a later version suggested it would be unstable, and tha...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Is the paranoia as defence model of persecutory delusions defensible?
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Frances Shawyer (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The handed-down Crucible: an inheritance of witches
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Kelley Swain (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Extra-axial cerebrospinal fluid in high-risk and normal-risk children with autism aged 2–4 years: a case-control study
In this study, we aimed to establish whether increased extra-axial CSF volume is found in a large, independent sample of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, whether extra-axial CSF remains abnormally increased beyond infancy, and whether it is present in both normal-risk and high-risk children with autism.MethodsIn this case-control MRI study, children with autism spectrum disorder or with typical development aged 2–4 years were recruited from the community to the UC Davis MIND Institute Autism Phenome Project, based in Sacramento, CA, USA. The autism spectrum disorder group comprised children with auti...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Anatomical brain abnormalities and early detection of autism
Publication date: Available online 27 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Ilan Dinstein, Ilan Shelef (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrections
Publication date: Available online 1 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The medication debate: time to change the record
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): The Lancet Psychiatry (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury and dementia
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Thomas S Owens, Robin Corkill, Ronan M G Berg, Damian M Bailey (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury and dementia
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Arthur Caye, Luiza K Axelrud, Giovanni A Salum (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Age and major depressive disorder: what factors should be investigated?
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Naresh Nabhinani (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Age and major depressive disorder: what factors should be investigated? – Authors' reply
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Roxanne Schaakxs, Brenda Penninx (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mauritius needs to address mental illness, starting in schools
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Kamleshun Ramphul (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The growing problem of mephedrone use in Warsaw, Poland, 2010–18
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Michal Ordak, Tadeusz Nasierowski, Elzbieta Muszynska (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Casinos in Japan
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Akihito Imai (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Research round-up
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Seema Kang (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Community, context, recovery
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Bridget Escolme (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Seen and not seen: The Tale
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Laura Thomas (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The theatre of war
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Peter Ranscombe (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physicians heal thyselves: tackling mental health stigma among medics
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Peter Ranscombe (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury and dementia – Authors' reply
Publication date: October 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 10Author(s): Jesse R Fann, Anette Riisgaard Ribe, Henrik Schou Pedersen, Morten Fenger-Grøn, Jakob Christensen, Michael Eriksen Benros, Mogens Vestergaard (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Shared genetic factors, fetal programming, and the transmission of depression
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Claudia Lugo-Candelas, Catherine Monk, Cristiane S Duarte, Seonjoo Lee, Jonathan Posner (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maternal prenatal depressive symptoms and risk for early-life psychopathology in offspring: genetic analyses in the Norwegian Mother and Child Birth Cohort Study
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Laurie J Hannigan, Espen Moen Eilertsen, Line C Gjerde, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Thalia C Eley, Fruhling V Rijsdijk, Eivind Ystrom, Tom A McAdamsSummaryBackgroundMaternal prenatal depression is a known risk factor for early-life psychopathology among offspring; however, potential risk transmission mechanisms need to be distinguished. We aimed to test the relative importance of passive genetic transmission, direct exposure, and indirect exposure in the association between maternal prenatal depressive symptoms and early-life internali...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physical activity and mental health – Author's reply
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Sammi R Chekroud, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Amanda B Zheutlin, Martin Paulus, Harlan M Krumholz, John H Krystal, Adam M Chekroud (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physical activity and mental health
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Lee Smith, Simon Rosenbaum, Felipe Schuch, Joseph Firth (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Tuberculosis: an opportunity to integrate mental health services in primary care in low-resource settings
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Annika C Sweetland, Ernesto Jaramillo, Milton L Wainberg, Neerja Chowdhary, Maria A Oquendo, Andrew Medina-Marino, Tarun Dua (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Glutamate-dopamine matters in psychosis
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Dennis Hernaus, Thérèse van Amelsvoort (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between cortical glutamate and striatal dopamine in first-episode psychosis: a cross-sectional multimodal PET and magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging study
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Sameer Jauhar, Robert McCutcheon, Faith Borgan, Mattia Veronese, Matthew Nour, Fiona Pepper, M Rogdaki, James Stone, Alice Egerton, Frederico Turkheimer, Philip McGuire, Oliver D HowesSummaryBackgroundThe pathophysiology of psychosis is incompletely understood. Disruption in cortical glutamatergic signalling causing aberrant striatal dopamine synthesis capacity is a proposed model for psychosis, but has not been tested in vivo. We therefore aimed to test the relationship between cortical glutamate concentrations and striatal dopamin...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrections
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Service user reviewers: extending peer review in The Lancet Psychiatry
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Niall Boyce, Joan Marsh, Christina Wayman, Vanessa Pinfold, Thomas Kabir (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trends in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder medication use: a retrospective observational study using population-based databases
We reported annual absolute and relative percentage changes to describe time trends.Findings154·5 million individuals were included in the study. ADHD medication use prevalence in 2010 (in children aged 3–18 years) varied between 0·27% and 6·69% in the countries and SAR assessed (0·95% in Asia and Australia, 4·48% in North America, 1·95% in northern Europe, and 0·70% in western Europe). The prevalence of ADHD medication use among children increased over time in all countries and regions, and the absolute increase per year ranged from 0·02% to 0·26%. Among...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Why are stimulant medication prescriptions rising globally?
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Margaret H Sibley (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Only the best will do: Patrick Melrose on page and screen
Publication date: Available online 6 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Lloyd Sederer (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Antipsychotic treatments: who is really failing here?
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Charles Heriot-Maitland, Stephanie Allan, Simon Bradstreet, Andrew Gumley (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Antipsychotic treatments: who is really failing here? – Authors' reply
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): René S Kahn, Iris E Sommer (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health comorbidity in low-income and middle-income countries: a call for improved measurement and treatment
Publication date: Available online 30 August 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Jeremy C Kane, Michael J Vinikoor, Emily E Haroz, Maytham Al-Yasiri, Sergiy Bogdanov, John Mayeya, Francis Simenda, Laura K Murray (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Identifying research priorities for digital technology in mental health care: results of the James Lind Alliance Priority Setting Partnership
Publication date: Available online 28 August 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Chris Hollis, Stephanie Sampson, Lucy Simons, E Bethan Davies, Rachel Churchill, Victoria Betton, Debbie Butler, Kathy Chapman, Katherine Easton, Toto Anne Gronlund, Thomas Kabir, Mat Rawsthorne, Elizabeth Rye, André TomlinSummaryDigital technology, including the internet, smartphones, and wearables, provides the possibility to bridge the mental health treatment gap by offering flexible and tailored approaches to mental health care that are more accessible and potentially less stigmatising than those currently available. However...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Signed, sealed, delivered
Publication date: September 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 9Author(s): The Lancet Psychiatry (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What we talk about when we talk about investment in mental health
Publication date: September 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 9Author(s): Graham Morgan (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrections
Publication date: September 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 9Author(s): (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Beneficial effects of electroconvulsive therapy in elderly people
Publication date: September 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 9Author(s): David Zilles (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Research round-up
Publication date: September 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 9Author(s): Seema Kang (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research