Defining the roadmap towards city resilience
This article describes the different phases of the co-creation process followed in the development of a maturity model that can guide cities in assessing and future improving their resilience level. This co-creation process was conducted using different methodologies involving an interdisciplinary group of international experts who contributed their knowledge and experience to the development process of the maturity model. The outcome of this process is the final version of a maturity model that operationalizes the steps that should be taken to build city resilience. (Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change)
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 18, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Do green technology innovations contribute to carbon dioxide emission reduction? Empirical evidence from patent data
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Kerui Du, Pengzhen Li, Zheming YanAbstractThis paper investigates the impact of green technology innovations on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions based on a data panel covering 71 economies from 1996 to 2012. Specifically, we examine whether the level of income matters for the effect of green technology innovations. It is found that the impact of green technology innovations exists a single threshold effect regarding the income level. Specifically, green technology innovations do not significantly contribute to reducing C...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 18, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

China's organization and governance of innovation – A policy foresight perspective
In this study, 343 innovation policy items, collected in our sample for the period 1990 and 2013, have been scrutinized in a three dimension analytical framework for policy instruments, objectives and implementation. We then abstract and conceptualize the results and findings arrived at the study. Targeted and general purpose policy instruments are categorized. Patterns have emerged revealing the linkages between the targeted policy instruments and the policy objectives. The results and findings based conceptualization contributes to innovate the thinking in innovation policy configuration to advance national innovation co...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 18, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Austin, Boston, Silicon Valley, and New York: Case studies in the location choices of entrepreneurs in maintaining the Technopolis
This study uses institutional theory and the “Technopolis” wheel to investigate the movement of technology entrepreneurs and why they “stick” to well-established entrepreneurial ecosystems in Silicon Valley, Austin, Boston, and New York City. We detail the historical development of the entrepreneurial ecosystem in each location, with a particular focus on the institutions and support structures that link and sustain key resources that are central to technology clusters. We operationalize key segments of the Technopolis wheel including (1) networks and connectedness, (2) investment capital, and (3) i...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 16, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Exploring the microfoundations of innovation capabilities. Evidence from a cross-border R&D partnership
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Alice Mazzucchelli, Roberto Chierici, Tindara Abbate, Stefano FontanaAbstractIn today's markets, innovation has been identified as a key driver of firms' competitive advantage and innovation capabilities and as a key explanatory variable for differences between firms in behavior and outcomes. Although the literature has explored innovation capabilities, typically from a firm-level perspective, little is known about how firms' innovation capabilities originate in lower-level entities and processes, namely in the microfo...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 15, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Halving energy demand from buildings: The impact of low consumption practices
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Antoine Levesque, Robert C. Pietzcker, Gunnar LudererAbstractLimiting global warming below 1.5 °C requires rapid decarbonization of energy systems. Reductions of energy demand have an important role to play in a sustainable energy transition. Here we explore the extent to which the emergence of low energy consuming practices, encompassing new behaviors and the adoption of more efficient technologies, could contribute to lowering energy demand and thereby to reducing CO2 emissions.To this end, we design three deta...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 15, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Crowdfunding motivations: A focus on donors' perspectives
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Afsaneh Bagheri, Hasti Chitsazan, Ashkan EbrahimiAbstractCrowdfunding has emerged as an effective method to raise fund for new venture creation and success. Nonetheless, our knowledge is limited about motivations for the selection into and financial support of crowdfunding, specifically for donors in charity crowdfunding who do not gain monetary rewards for their contributions. The main purpose of this study is to explore the motivations of individuals who donate money for funding the projects in charity crowdfunding p...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 12, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

R&D tax credits and firm innovation: Evidence from China
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Ling Chen, Wenhui YangAbstractScholars currently have a limited understanding of the role of R&D tax credit in developing countries. To help fill this gap, this article examines the allocation logic and innovative consequences of R&D tax credit in China. Using a panel data set of listed companies in China from 2010 to 2012, we show that the local institutional contexts, such as government transparency, market development, and industrial policies, promote the allocation of R&D tax credit. The fiscal capacity...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 12, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

ICT, total factor productivity, and carbon dioxide emissions in Tunisia
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Fethi Amri, Younes Ben Zaied, Bechir Ben LahouelAbstractThis paper examines the linkage between carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, total factor productivity (TFP) as a measure of income, and information and communication technologies (ICT) in Tunisia from 1975 to 2014. To empirically investigate this relationship, the autoregressive distributed delay (ARDL) with the break point method is specified and estimated. The results demonstrate the rejection of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis by obtaining a higher...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 12, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Environmental ethics, environmental performance, and competitive advantage: Role of environmental training
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Sanjay Kumar Singh, Jin Chen, Manlio Del Giudice, Abdul-Nasser El-KassarAbstractIn an era of increased stakeholder pressure for sustainable environmental management practices at workplace, organization should adopt and implement environmental ethics for seamless synergy amongst the needs of the business, the society, and the planet. Our study used resource-based view (RBV) and dynamic capabilities (DC) theoretical lenses to examine hypotheses derived from extant literature on the linkages amongst environmental ethics, ...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 9, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Digitally forecasting new music product success via active crowdsourcing
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Dennis M. Steininger, Simon GatzemeierAbstractDeciding which artist or song to sign and promote has always been a challenge for recording companies, especially when it comes to innovative newcomer singers without any chart history. However, the specifics of a creative industry such as the hedonic nature of music, socio-network effects, and ever fastening fashion cycles in combination with digitalization have made the recording industry even more competitive and these initial decisions even more crucial. With respect to...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 8, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Evaluating university industry collaborative research centers
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Elizabeth Gibson, Tugrul U. Daim, Marina DabicAbstractThis research provides performance metrics for cooperative research centers that enhance translational research through partnerships formed by government, industry and academia. Centers are part of complex ecosystems and vary greatly in the type of science conducted, organizational structures and expected outcomes. The ability to realize their objectives depends on transparent measurement systems to assist in decision making in research translation. We introduce a h...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 8, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Triggering technological innovation through cross-border mergers and acquisitions: A micro-foundational perspective
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Michael Christofi, Demetris Vrontis, Alkis Thrassou, S.M. Riad ShamsAbstractOver the past 30 plus years, the development of technological innovation through cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) has captured an increasing amount of attention in business research and practice. The emerging literature on the topic addresses a significant phenomenon, however, it lacks theoretical underpinning and a cumulative empirical inquiry, from a micro-foundational perspective. Hence, a systematic and integrative research ...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 7, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Identification of the unique attributes and topics within Smart Things Open Innovation Communities
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): M. Olmedilla, H. Send, S.L. ToralAbstractOne of the main challenges of open innovation communities is how to create value from shared content either by selecting those ideas that are worthy of pursuit and implementation or by identifying the users' preferences and needs. These tasks can be done manually when there is an overseeable amount of content or by using computational tools when there are massive amounts of data. However, previous studies on text mining have not dealt with the identification of unique attributes...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 6, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Blockchain-based platforms: Decentralized infrastructures and its boundary conditions
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Joana Pereira, M. Mahdi Tavalaei, Hakan OzalpAbstractBlockchain technology has been receiving much public attention recently, promising to disintermediate transactions through decentralized governance and distributed data-infrastructures. However, the majority of the previous studies have focused on the technical aspects, and overlooked blockchain investigation from a managerial perspective. In this paper, based on platform-ecosystem, transaction cost economics, and open-source literature, we contrast and compare block...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 5, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Driving forces and barriers of Industry 4.0: Do multinational and small and medium-sized companies have equal opportunities?
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Dóra Horváth, Roland Zs. SzabóAbstractThe Fourth Industrial Revolution poses significant challenges to manufacturing companies from the technological, organizational and management points of view. This paper aims to explore how top executives interpret the concept of Industry 4.0, the driving forces for introducing new technologies and the main barriers to Industry 4.0. The authors applied a qualitative case study design involving 26 semi-structured interviews with leading members of firms, includi...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 5, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Impact of the InnoCom program on corporate innovation performance in China: Evidence from Shanghai
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Chuanmin Zhao, Xi Qu, Shougui LuoAbstractBased on the data from the Shanghai Science and Technology Enterprises survey 2011 to 2015, this paper evaluates how the InnoCom program of stimulating corporate research and development (R&D) implemented in China affects the innovation performance of beneficiary firms from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. We first develop a unified framework considering innovation inputs, absorptive capacity and innovation outputs. Then, we explore the mechanism by which compani...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 5, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

The communicative constitution of academic fields in the digital age: The case of CSR
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social ChangeAuthor(s): Matthias Wenzel, Matthias Georg WillAbstractAlthough the digital transformation of knowledge production has put communication front and center in the production and recreation of academic fields, research on scientific communities still mostly promotes an actor-centric or institutionalist understanding of academic fields. This, we argue, points to the need for a digital transformation of our understanding of academic fields, one that does justice to the important role of communication in the production and recreation...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 5, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Understanding transition pathways by bridging modelling, transition and practice-based studies: Editorial introduction to the special issue
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social ChangeAuthor(s): Andries F. Hof, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Frans Berkhout, Frank W. GeelsAbstractThis paper presents an introduction to and overview of the papers in this Special Issue of Technological Forecasting & Social Change on ‘Transition Pathways’ is presented. Each of these papers are an output of the PATHWAYS project (EC FP7-funded, 2013–2017) which looked into ways to integrate alternative approaches for analysing sustainability transitions. Methods to bridge across scenario-modelling, socio-technical tran...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 5, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Digital transformation of social theory. A research update
This article outlines the basic design of digitally transformed social theory. We show that any digital world is created by the drawing and cross-tabling of binary distinctions. As any theory is supposed to be concerned with truth, we introduce to and insist on the distinction between true and false distinctions. We demonstrate how flexible matrix-shaped theory architectures based on true distinctions allow for the reduction and unfolding of the entire complexity of analogue social theories. The result of our demonstrations is the idea of a theoretical Supervacuus. The social equivalent of a universal Turing machine, this ...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - June 2, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Will computers revolt?
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Charles J. Simon (Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change)
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 31, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Effects of lead-usership on the acceptance of media innovations: A mobile augmented reality case
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Joschka Mütterlein, Reinhard E. Kunz, Daniel BaierAbstractLead-users are ahead of important trends, which makes them valuable resources when it comes to generate ideas for new products in the early stages of a company's new product development process. In later stages – e.g. just before market entry when prototypes of the new products are available and can be tested – the company's market research usually focuses on average users or representative samples of users since their measured acceptance of the pr...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 30, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Extreme natural and man-made events and human adaptive responses mediated by information and communication technologies' use: A systematic literature review
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Rui Gaspar, Zheng Yan, Samuel DomingosAbstractInformation and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are nowadays an interactive means through which humans respond to potentially stressful extreme events (e.g., natural or technological disasters). Despite growing research and reviews on ICTs' role, these often follow an event-specific approach, describing how or what people respond without explaining why they respond as they do, limiting a broader comprehension of human adaptation processes. Therefore, a systematic literature ...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 30, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Evolution of innovation system literature: Intellectual bases and emerging trends
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Ebrahim Souzanchi Kashani, Saeed RoshaniAbstractThe evolution of innovation system literature is scrutinized to delineate the conceptual trends over the past 30 years. We applied the Sigma index which is supposed to include not only the frontier contributions in the field but also the intellectual bases conveying transformative concepts. Our examination shows that after the establishment of the National Innovation System (NIS) as a principal framework, Regional IS literature emerged as a main branch during the period...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 30, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Chat now… Examining the variables influencing the use of online live chat
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Graeme McLean, Kofi Osei-FrimpongAbstractThis paper advances our theoretical understanding of online service delivery with regard to live chat technology. Online customer support via live chat offers customers a way in which they can interact with service personnel in the online environment. Through the use of an online questionnaire and conducting structural equation modelling, the aim of this research is to understand the variables directly influencing the use of a live chat function with a customer service represent...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 28, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

A hybrid PSO-SVM model based on clustering algorithm for short-term atmospheric pollutant concentration forecasting
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Shuixia Chen, Jian-qiang Wang, Hong-yu ZhangAbstractAir pollution can lead to a wide range of hazards and can affect most organisms on Earth. Therefore, managing and controlling air pollution has become a top priority for many countries. An effective short-term atmospheric pollutant concentration forecasting (SAPCF) can mitigate the negative effects of atmospheric pollution. In this paper, we propose a new hybrid forecasting model for SAPCF. Firstly, we analyse the influential factors of pollutants to obtain the optima...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 27, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

The fractal geometry of Luhmann's sociological theory or debugging systems theory
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): José Javier Blanco RiveroAbstractSocial theory faces new challenges as society changes. The question is not only if social theory can keep up with –and account for– social transformations, but also if it can avail of social changes (in this case, the current dominance of digital media) in order to reinvent itself. The most attracting features of modern digital resources, such as Big Data, lies on their tools of analysis. But it just might be that the most promising contribution to social theory resid...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 25, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

From hacking to simulation: Periodizing digitally-inspired social theory
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Karl PalmåsAbstractInterrogating the question of whether critique can be reimagined through inspiration from the world of digital computing and hacking, this article explores the work of four theorists who converged on that very topic in major texts published just after the turn of the millennium. Structured as a historical literature review, the article compares this body of theory with recent work by the same authors. The literature is, in turn, analyzed through the lens of a theoretical framework that stipulates ...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 24, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

A social licence for the sharing economy
We present a Sharing Economy SLO Framework and outline a research agenda that includes defining communities of interest and place that are affected by sharing economy practices, analysing the complex relationships between social acceptance and regulatory requirements, identifying and measuring key variables that determine SLO, and developing strategies for building and maintaining SLO for sharing economy practices. (Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change)
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 24, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Digital transformation and the renewal of social theory: Unpacking the new fraudulent myths and misplaced metaphors
Publication date: September 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 146Author(s): Marinus OssewaardeAbstractIn this article, it is argued that social theory must be renewed to comprehend the new power constellations and new challenges to aesthetic and intellectual ways of life that are being shaped by digital transformation. However, while social theory has to renew its tools in order to grasp previously unknown realities, it also runs the risk of being assimilated into the very process that it seeks to understand, or to assimilate so much of the dominant belief system that it loses its critical and...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 24, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

How to publish your research in Technological Forecasting & Social Change
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social ChangeAuthor(s): Fred PhillipsAbstractA slide presentation of this material has been well received in several countries. Presenting it here in paragraph form should be helpful to additional authors. The editorial explains the current flow path for incoming submissions to Technological Forecasting & Social Change. It details five areas authors should attend to, in order that their manuscripts should pass the Editor-in-Chief's and Associate Editors' preliminary approval, and be sent to external peer review. It concludes with a list...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 24, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Rethinking the national defense R&D innovation system for latecomer: Defense R&D governance matrix
This study contributes to the decision making of R&D and weapon systems acquisition programs that utilize defense R&D governance, by allowing many corporations trying to enter emerging economies to understand those countries' defense R&D governance models. This study emphasizes that the governance with the most optimal combination of the Decision types (R&D Principles, R&D Architecture, R&D Infrastructure, Business Application Needs, R&D Investment) and the Archetypes (National R&D Committee Monarchy, Defense Agency Monarchy, Federal, Defense Industries Monarchy) must be reflected on nationa...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 24, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

External impetus, co-production and grassroots innovations: The case of an innovation involving a language
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social ChangeAuthor(s): Wee-Liang Tan, Ghil'ad ZuckermannAbstractIn the field of innovation, three constructs co-exist in different research streams that are exploring disadvantaged communities - grassroots innovations, inclusive innovations and social innovations. In this paper we examine an innovation that involves language: the revival of a language among an Aboriginal tribal community in Australia. In our qualitative-conceptual analysis of the case, we uncover that a) the innovation appears at various stages of the language revival proj...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 22, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

How patent signals affect venture capital: The evidence of bio-pharmaceutical start-ups in China
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Lili Zhang, Ying Guo, Ganlu SunAbstractInnovation is the key to the economic development, and enterprises are the foundation of innovation. Bridging both these elements is the venture capital, who often rely on patents as one way to assess the potential of a start-up. Patents have the power to send signals about a start-up's capabilities, future prospects, and their right to produce and profit from specific innovations. To understand the influence these signals have on the amount of venture capital funding a start-up rece...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 22, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Access to information, price expectations and welfare: The role of mobile phone adoption in Ethiopia
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Mekbib G. Haile, Tesfamicheal Wossen, Matthias KalkuhlAbstractUsing household survey data from rural Ethiopia, this study explores the role of mobile telephony in smallholder farmers' price expectation formations. The empirical findings suggest that farmers who own mobile phones and who reside closer to markets make smaller price forecasting errors. The beneficial effect of mobile phones is stronger for households that reside farther away from grain markets, indicating that mobile telephony provides information that at le...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 18, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

The private returns to knowledge: A comparison of ICT, biotechnologies, nanotechnologies, and green technologies
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Tobias Stucki, Martin WoerterAbstractICT, biotechnologies, nanotechnologies, and green technologies are among the most important emerging technological activities and may substantially increase economic returns. However, empirical evidence is rather scarce, as most existing literature focuses on the economic returns to knowledge in general and does not compare the effects of knowledge in different types of technologies. Based on a well-founded productivity model, we find (a) that knowledge in these “new growth&rdquo...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 16, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Digital technology, digital culture and the metric/nonmetric distinction
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Jean-Sébastien GuyAbstractDigital culture is identified as both a component of the current digital transformation of society and an epistemological obstacle toward the sociological analysis of the same phenomenon. Two theoretical distinctions are bought in to remove this obstacle: medium/form and metric/nonmetric. Digital culture is then analysed as a nonmetric form specifically and criticized for leaving aside other social forms, most notably metric forms such as the flows of information connected with the operati...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 16, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Organizational ambidexterity through global strategic partnerships: A cognitive computing perspective
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Sarabjot Kaur, Shivam Gupta, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Mirko PeranoAbstractCognitive computing holds considerable potential for holistic data interpretation in a dynamic business environment. It can act as an enabler of organizational ambidexterity. The present study explores the potential role cognitive computing can play in an organizational context with global partnerships. The study uses qualitative mode of enquiry and organizational information processing theory as the theoretical framework. Emergent categories were identi...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 13, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Trading knowledge for status: Conceptualizing R&D alliance formation to achieve ambidexterity
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Antonio Messeni PetruzzelliAbstractFirms may engage in alliances to complement their learning activities through explorative or exploitative partnerships. However, the partners' status may influence the scope of alliances, in terms of explorative and exploitative learning. In fact, status, being transferable, could be exchanged to obtain peculiar resources, knowledge, and competencies by partners, thus favoring the focal firms' innovation process. Accordingly, this theoretical paper adopts an original dual perspective to ...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 11, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Fostering digital entrepreneurship from startup to scaleup: The role of venture capital funds and angel groups
This study aims at investigating how angel groups and venture capital (VC) funds affect growth of digital new ventures in their startup and scaleup phase. To address this aim, we analyzed 372 investment rounds regarding 256 Italian–based new ventures. The key findings are fourfold. First, VC funds positively affect the growth of digital new ventures. Second, digital scaleups, in line with the overall sample of digital new ventures, show a linear path of growth positively correlated with VC funding. Third, the relationship between funding received and growth in digital startups follows an inverted U–shape &ndash...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 10, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

ICTs in the transformation of rural enterprises in China: A multi-layer perspective
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Qingna Zhou, Ping Gao, Admos ChimhowuAbstractThis paper investigates the methods by which firms take advantage of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to achieve transformation. The research results advance current knowledge on the mechanism of ICT-facilitated firm transformation. Based on the literature, we propose a conceptual framework that describes firm transformation occurs at three interrelated layers: 1) operation mode/technological capability layer, 2) open innovation layer, and 3) actor network laye...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 10, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

The role of inter-sectoral learning in knowledge development and diffusion: Case studies on three clean energy technologies
Publication date: Available online 7 May 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social ChangeAuthor(s): Abhishek Malhotra, Tobias S. Schmidt, Joern HuentelerAbstractStudies in technological innovation systems (TIS) have made significant progress in explaining the dynamics of industry formation for emerging technologies, recognizing that learning is an interactive process. Recent literature suggests that knowledge development and diffusion among different sectors can play a role in the establishment of a TIS. However, we lack an understanding of how the characteristics of different sectors involved in a TIS influence int...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 8, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

The influence of public R&D and knowledge spillovers on the development of renewable energy sources: The case of the Nordic countries
Publication date: Available online 6 May 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social ChangeAuthor(s): I. Miremadi, Y. Saboohi, M. ArastiAbstractEnergy innovation is a key requirement to limit global warming and tackle climate change in the years to come. A better understanding of the public R&D mechanism is likely to improve allocation of resources for energy innovation. Thus, the present paper evaluates the impacts of public R&D and knowledge spillovers on the development of renewable energy sources. To achieve this goal, knowledge flow has been modeled as a function of public R&D expenditures, cumulative...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 7, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Research article: The impact of academia-industry collaboration on core academic activities: Assessing the latent dimensions
Publication date: August 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 145Author(s): Supreet S. Bhullar, Vinay K. Nangia, Ajay Batish (Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change)
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 7, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Unfolding the convergence process of scientific knowledge for the early identification of emerging technologies
This study selects the biological–informatics domain (bioinformatics) to conduct the empirical analysis. This paper finds two major stages throughout the convergence process: the fast-changing incubation stage and the stabilized development stage. In the incubation stage, the interactions between the biology and informatics knowledge domains becomes increasingly intensive, while emergent technology is yet to form; in the stable development stage, the emergent technology starts to form as a core cluster, and based on which it grows amid stabilized knowledge interactions between the original two domains. The revelation...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 4, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Innovation towards sustainable technologies: A socio-technical perspective on accelerating transition to aviation biofuel
Publication date: Available online 1 May 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social ChangeAuthor(s): Yohan Kim, Joosung Lee, Jaemyung AhnAbstractThe global market based measure (MBM) for international flight emissions is poised for launch in 2020, creating additional pressure for improvements of aviation environmental performance. Due to high R&D costs and long lifecycle of aircrafts, drop-in biofuels stand as a promising solution for addressing aviation's environmental sustainability. The transition to commercial aviation biofuels remains stagnant, however, despite the continuing progress made in overcoming tech...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 3, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Knowledge relationships of university spin-off firms: Contrasting dynamics in global reach
This article provides an attempt to better understand the establishment of international knowledge relationships, including changes over time. Internationalization of young high-tech firms is strongly required given the drive for upscaling technology solutions and given the increased global spread of knowledge centers. To increase understanding, a framework of conditions of capability formation in internationalization is developed and measured using a sample of 105 university spin-off firms in Northwest Europe. In early years, 62% of these firms employed knowledge relationships abroad, often crossing continents. The main c...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 3, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Effects of knowledge accumulation strategies through experience and experimentation on firm growth
This study aims to identify the effects of knowledge accumulation strategies on firm growth. Especially, experience and experimentation are considered key strategies of knowledge accumulation in terms of qualitative aspects. We define experience as the composition of knowledge accumulation, such as the depth and breadth of knowledge base in the firm, and experimentation, as the method of knowledge accumulation, such as repetitive or new ways of learning. Even with the same level of effort, there are differences in the degree of knowledge accumulation depending on experience and experimentation, resulting in heterogeneity i...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 1, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Cars and kids: Childhood perceptions of electric vehicles and sustainable transport in Denmark and the Netherlands
Publication date: July 2019Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 144Author(s): Benjamin K. Sovacool, Johannes Kester, Vimke HeidaAbstractWhat preferences, perceptions, and expectations do children have about current (and future) electric vehicles and conventional cars? The values, worldviews, and patterns of energy (and mobility) consumption that adults come to hold, and perform, become molded and perhaps cemented in childhood. However, given the particular sensitivities in conducting social science research involving children, recent comparative examinations of the perceptions and preferences of kids...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 1, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Programmatic Advertising: Forewarning and avoiding hype-cycle failure
This study is therefore of interest to PA system developers and adopters since most have little understanding of its operation and limitations, and are poorly equipped to make informed decisions about its adoption and use.Through the construction of a Concept Map of the system and the development of four future states of Programmatic Advertising development, consumer concerns over the ethical usage of data and the real return on investment are issues that are identified as requiring the immediate attention of platform developers in order to mitigate the deleterious effects of hype-cycle decline. The study proffers two alte...
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change - May 1, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research