Cover 2 - Masthead
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Instructions for Authors
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Analysis of Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) Podium Presentations for the Last Seven Years: Implications of an SRS Annual Meeting Abstract Registry
ConclusionWe report the trend of SRS podium presentation. We hope that these data will be of interest to our members as a representation of where interests have been for the SRS, and these data can be the foundation of an SRS AM abstract registry for spinal deformity research. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Normative Data of Pulmonary Function Tests and Radiographic Measures of Chest Development in Children Without Spinal Deformity: Is a T1–T12 Height of 22 cm Adequate?
ConclusionsPercent-predicted FEV1 and FVC values for normal children with a T1–T12 height of 22 cm at skeletal maturity were 
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Traditional Growing Rod Graduates of Different Etiologic Categories have Similar Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Behrooz Akbarnia, Jeff Pawelek, Pooria Hosseini, Pooria Salari, Nima Kabirian, David Marks, Suken A. Shah, David Skaggs, John Emans, Elsebaie Hazem, George Thompson, Paul Sponseller (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Skeletally Immature Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Curves 15°–24° Are at High Risk for Progression
ConclusionsCurve progression for small curves (15°–19°) is similar to curves between 20° and 24°. Close observation or perhaps early intervention for these patients is necessary. These data may suggest a paradigm shift to earlier brace initiation and call for early treatment in small curves.Level of EvidenceLevel II. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Utility of Perioperative Laboratory Tests in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Alexander J. Adams, Patrick J. Cahill, John M. Flynn, Wudbhav N. SankarAbstractStudy DesignRetrospective comparative study.ObjectivesWe aimed to characterize the frequency of perioperative laboratory tests for posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and to assess whether test results affected clinical management.Summary of Background DataPerioperative laboratory tests for PSF including complete blood count, coagulation laboratory tests, basic metabolic panels (BMPs), and type and screen, are commonly ordered ...
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis International Disease Severity Study: Do Operative Curve Magnitude and Complications Vary by Country?
ConclusionsLarger curve magnitudes in the least-access countries correlated with more levels fused, longer OT, and greater EBL, indicating that increased curve magnitude at surgery could explain the difference in operative morbidity between low- and high-access countries. With OT as the prevailing predictive factor of complications, we suggest that increased curve magnitude leads to longer OTs and more complications. A lack of access to orthopedic care may be the largest contributor to the postponement of treatment.Level of EvidenceLevel II. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Trial (BrAIST): Development and Validation of a Prognostic Model in Untreated Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Using the Simplified Skeletal Maturity System
ConclusionsThis study provides the first rigorously validated model predicting a short-term outcome of untreated AIS. The resultant estimates can serve two important functions: 1) setting benchmarks for comparative effectiveness studies and 2) most importantly, providing clinicians and families with individual risk estimates to guide treatment decisions.Level of EvidenceLevel 1, prognostic. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Spine Growth Modulation in Early Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Prospective US FDA IDE Pilot Study of Titanium Clip-Screw Implant at Two to Five Years
ConclusionsIn a study of spine growth modulation in patients with early AIS with high risk of progression, at skeletal maturity or five years postoperation, major thoracic curves of half progressed to>50°, whereas curves of the other half remained
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Comparison of the Coagulation Profile of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion With and Without Tranexamic Acid
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Patrick Bosch, Tanya S. Kenkre, Doreen Soliman, Joanne A. Londino, Natalie E. NovakAbstractStudy DesignProspective, observational cohort study.ObjectiveTo improve the understanding of coagulation and bleeding mechanisms during spinal deformity surgery.Summary of Background DataFibrinolysis is the mechanism of bleeding for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal fusion. Antifibrinolytics have become popular; however, literature to support their use remains mixed. The mechanism of action has not been demonstrated.MethodsTh...
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Patient-Reported SRS-24 Outcomes Scores After Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Have Improved Since the New Millennium
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Tracey P. Bastrom, Carrie E. Bartley, Peter O. Newton, Harms Study GroupAbstractStudy DesignObservational.ObjectiveTo examine changes in patient-reported two-year postoperative outcomes via the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-24 Outcomes Instrument from 2001 through 2015.Summary of Background DataTechniques for correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have evolved over the years, but it is unclear how these changes have impacted patient-reported outcomes.MethodsAIS patients with two-year postoperative follow-up from a prosp...
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Spinopelvic Compensatory Mechanisms for Reduced Hip Motion (ROM) in the Setting of Hip Osteoarthritis
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Aaron J. Buckland, Leah Steinmetz, Peter Zhou, Dennis Vasquez-Montes, Matthew Kingery, Nicholas D. Stekas, Ethan W. Ayres, Christopher G. Varlotta, Virginie Lafage, Renaud Lafage, Thomas Errico, Peter G. Passias, Themistocles S. Protopsaltis, Jonathan VigdorchikAbstractStudy DesignRetrospective review from a single institution.ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of hip osteoarthritis (OA) on spinopelvic compensatory mechanisms as a result of reduced hip range of motion (ROM) between sitting and standing.Summary of Background DataHip OA resul...
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Assessment of Construct Validity of the Oswestry Disability Index and the Scoliosis Research Society–30 Questionnaire (SRS-30) in Patients With Degenerative Spinal Disease
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Jussi P. Repo, Ville T. Ponkilainen, Arja H. Häkkinen, Jari Ylinen, Paula Bergman, Kati KyröläAbstractStudy DesignObservational cohort study.ObjectivesTo measure and compare the structural validity of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the Scoliosis Research Society–30 (SRS-30) questionnaire in an adult population with prolonged degenerative thoracolumbar disease.Summary of Background DataThe ODI and the SRS-30 are commonly used patient-reported outcome instruments to assess back-specific disability and symptoms re...
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Difficulties in Treating Postirradiation Kyphosis in Adults: A Series of Five Cases
ConclusionThe surgical treatment of postirradiation kyphotic spinal deformity is challenging, with common postoperative complications such as infection, instrumentation failure, and pseudarthrosis. However, with modern surgical techniques and spinal instrumentation, excellent deformity correction can be achieved and maintained. We recommend performing a two-stage procedure for cervicothoracic deformity, with anterior release followed by posterior fusion and instrumentation. In thoracolumbar deformities, correction can be achieved through single-stage posterior fusion. Rigid spinopelvic fixation with sacral-alar-iliac screw...
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Comparative Sacral Morphology in Spondylolisthesis Patients
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): M. Timothy Hresko, David G. Deckey, Emily Hinchcliff, Leslie A. KalishAbstractStudy DesignRetrospective comparative case series.ObjectivesEvaluation of sacral morphology in spondylolisthesis patients compared with asymptomatic controls.Summary of Background DataPatients with spondylolisthesis are known to differ from asymptomatic controls in sagittal plane anatomy, but few studies examine the coronal and axial plane differences in these cohorts.MethodsThis is a retrospective evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbosacral spine ...
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

An Updated Algorithm for Radiographic Screening of Upper Cervical Instability in Patients With Down Syndrome
ConclusionsObtaining a single NUL radiograph is an efficient method for radiographic screening of cervical spine instability. Further evaluation may be required if abnormal measurements are identified on the NUL radiograph. We also propose new “normal” values for the common radiographic measurements used in assessing risk of cervical spine instability in patients with Down syndrome.Level of EvidenceLevel IV. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Surgical Fixation Using Screw-Rod Construct Instrumentation for Upper Cervical Instability in Pediatric Down Syndrome Patients
ConclusionsFixation for cervical instability is a critical component of the management of DS. A minority of patients receiving surgery were identified through asymptomatic screening. There was a high complication risk associated with surgery in our study; however, the addition of rigid fixation has lessened the complication rate compared with previous studies.Level of EvidenceLevel IV. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Trunk Growth in Early-Onset Idiopathic Scoliosis Measured With Biplanar Radiography
ConclusionsIn this longitudinal and cross-sectional study, trunk growth between 3 and 14 years of age was characterized, for the first time, with biplanar radiography and 3D reconstruction. The results can be useful to estimate patient growth and thus have potential application in the surgical planning of EOIS patients.Level of EvidenceLevel II, retrospective study. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Comprehensive Wound Risk Stratification of Rib-Based Distraction Instrumentation Procedures
ConclusionsKnowledge of risk factors for RBD instrumentation wound complications can be used to construct patient risk models. This can identify patients at higher risk for complications and influence clinical decision making.Level of EvidenceLevel II. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Proximal Anchor Constructs and Its Influence on Surgical Outcome in Growth Rod Technique; A Comparison Between Rib Hooks and Pedicle Screws
ConclusionData from our study indicate that the proximal anchors, whether spine-based or rib-based, do not differ much in their outcome and complication rates, and the success of growing-rod technique depends largely on the security of cephalad and caudal foundations.Level of EvidenceLevel IV. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Pelvic Obliquity Correction in Distraction-Based Growth Friendly Implants
ConclusionIn distraction-based growth-friendly constructs, pelvic fixation with screws achieved better correction of pelvic obliquity than S hooks. Complications were almost twice as common with S hooks than screws, though this did not reach statistical significance. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Occiput-to-Pelvis Spinal Arthrodesis: A Case Series
ConclusionsO-P arthrodesis can benefit patients with extensive spine deformity from neuromuscular or syndromic causes. Patients were young at first operation, which may suggest that younger patients are at higher risk than older patients of major progression of deformity in other spinal regions after deformity correction. Health-related quality of life and radiographic outcomes suggest that patients who underwent O-P arthrodesis had satisfactory outcomes and maintenance of correction during a mean of 8.5 years of follow-up.Level of EvidenceLevel IV, therapeutic study. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Scoliosis Progression After the Nuss Procedure for Pectus Excavatum: A Case Report
ConclusionThe purpose of this case report is to describe the features of these two patients to help with clinical decision-making in patients with moderate scoliosis (curves>25°) who are contemplating the Nuss procedure for correction of pectus excavatum. We caution patients and providers that spinal deformity could worsen with surgical intervention of the pectus excavatum via the Nuss procedure and necessitate scoliosis surgery. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Accuracy of Screw Placement in Minimally Invasive, Robot-Assisted Iliosacral Screw Insertion in Children With Early Onset Neuromuscular Scoliosis
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Francois Deroussen, Michel Lefranc, Céline Klein, Richard Gouron (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Rod Diameter Does Not Influence Rod Fracture Rate after Surgical Treatment using Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Benjamin Roye, Gerard Marciano, Hiroko Matsumoto, Megan Campbell, Klane White, Jeffery Sawyer, John Smith, Scott Luhmann, Peter F. Sturm, Paul Sponseller, Michael Vitale, Pediatric Spine Study Group (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Quality Programs for Surgical Site Infections in Pediatric Spinal Surgery: A 12 Year Look Back
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Bradley Hammoor, Hiroko Matsumoto, Gerard Marciano, Kevin Wang, Benjamin Roye, David P. Roye, Michael Vitale (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Pediatric Device Regulation: The Case of Anterior Vertebral Body Tethering
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Lisa Bonsignore-Opp, Joshua Murphy, David Skaggs, Stefan Parent, Amer Samdani, Tricia St. Hilaire, Michael Vitale (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Halo-Gravity Traction for the Treatment of Cervical Spine Disorders
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Bram Verhofste, Timothy Hresko, John Emans, Michael Glotzbecker, Brian Snyder, Craig Birch, Nora O'Neill, Lawrence Karlin, Mark Proctor, Daniel Hedequist (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Induction of a Flexible Idiopathic-like Scoliosis with Axial Rotation Using a Dynamic Torsional Spring System: A Mini-pig Scoliosis Model
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Sebastiaan Wijdicks, Justin Lemans, Gijsbertus Verkerke, Edsko Hekman, Rene Castelein, Moyo Kruyt (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Controlled Dynamic Spine Distraction Increases Vertebral Body Growth, Disc Height and Volume, and Nucleus Pulposus Expansion; An in Vivo Study on Rodent Tail Model
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Pooria Salari, Garrett Eason, Kaitlyn Broz, Simon Tang (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Is the Juice Worth the Squeeze: Additional Spine Length with Shorter Distraction Interval, but at What Cost?
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Catherine Qiu, Carina Lott, Patrick Cahill, Jason Anari (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

A “One Stop Shop”: Additional Surgeries at the Time of Rib-based Implant Procedures - Is it Safe?
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Carina Lott, Catherine Qiu, Patrick Cahill, Jason Anari (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Can We Save the Implant: Rib-based Implant Removal Rates and Risk Factors Following Irrigation and Debridement (I&D) Surgery?
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Carina Lott, Catherine Qiu, Nirupa Galagedera, Lia McNeely, Robert Campbell, Patrick Cahill, Jason Anari (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Comparison of Single Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) vs Growth-Friendly (GF) Surgery in Older Neuromuscular EOS Patients
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Ying Li, Jennylee Swallow, Joel Gagnier, Patrick Cahill, Paul Sponseller, Sumeet Garg, George Thompson, Brandon Ramo, Pediatric Spine Study Group (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Treatment with MCGR Results in Improved Scoliosis Correction but No Difference in UPROR as Compared to Traditional Growth Friendly Surgery for Children with Cerebral Palsy
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Margaret Sun, Nicholas Buckler, Mason Al Nouri, Majella Vaughan, Tricia St. Hilaire, Paul Sponseller, John Smith, George Thompson, Jason Howard, Ron El-Hawary, Pediatric Spine Study Group (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Analysis of Health-Related Quality of Life in Cerebral Palsy Patients Treated with Growth-Friendly Surgery for Early-Onset Scoliosis
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Nicholas Buckler, Margaret Sun, Mason Al Nouri, Majella Vaughan, Tricia St. Hilaire, Hiroko Matsumoto, Paul Sponseller, John Smith, George Thompson, Jason Howard, Ron El-Hawary, Pediatric Spine Study Group (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Health Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity after Multiple-surgeries in Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Ragnhild Susanne Molland, Jens Ivar Brox, Britt Stuge, Inger Holm, Rolf Bjarne Riise, Thomas Johan Kibsgård (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Bigger is Better: Larger Thoracic Height is Associated with Increased Health Related Quality of Life at Skeletal Maturity
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Matthew Simhon, Benjamin Roye, Hiroko Matsumoto, Sumeet Garg, Amer Samdani, John Smith, Paul Sponseller, Michael Vitale, Pediatric Spine Study Group (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Growth-friendly Instrumentation for the Treatment of Early-onset Scoliosis in Marfan Syndrome
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Laura Bellaire, Graham Fedorak, John Heflin, Joshua Klatt, John Smith, Paul Sponseller, Daniel Hedequist, Pediatric Spine Study Group (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Validation of the Early Onset Scoliosis Questionnaire (EOSQ) as applied to the Classification of Early Onset Scoliosis (C-EOS) Etiology Designation Before Scoliosis Treatment
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Brandon Ramo, Anna McClung, Chan-Hee Jo, Burt Yaszay, Lindsay Andras, Paul Sponseller, Matthew Oetgen (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The Effect of Medical Comorbidities on Subdomain Scores of the Early Onset Scoliosis Questionnaire (EOSQ) Before Treatment
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Brandon Ramo, Anna McClung, Chan-Hee Jo, Paul Sponseller, Matthew Oetgen (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Similar Deformity Correction, but Limited Spinal Growth and Lower Health Related Quality of Life in Children with Skeletal Dysplasia Undergoing Growth-Friendly Management for Early-Onset Scoliosis. A Matched Comparison with Idiopathic Early-Onset Scoliosis
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Ilkka Helenius, Antti Saarinen, Klane White, Anna McClung, Muharrem Yazici, Sumeet Garg, George Thompson, Charles Johnston, Joshua Pahys, Michael Vitale, Behrooz Akbarnia, Paul Sponseller (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Os Odontoideum in Children: Treatment Outcomes and Neurologic Risk Factors
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Ilkka Helenius, Jennifer Bauer, Bram Verhofste, Paul Sponseller, Walter Krengel, Daniel Hedequist, Patrick Cahill, A Noelle Larson, Joshua Pahys, John Anderson, Jeffrey Martus, Burt Yaszay, Jonathan Phillips (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Age Stratified Outcomes of Mehta Casting in a Large Multi-Center Cohort of Idiopathic Early-Onset Scoliosis Patients
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Graham Fedorak, Bruce MacWilliams, Michal Szczodry, Peter Stasikelis, Joel Lerman, Kim Hammerberg, Joshua Pahys (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Single Rod Constructs in Severe EOS Produce Similar Cobb Correction and Spinal Growth as Dual MCGR Constructs
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Scott Luhmann, David Skaggs, Charles Johnston, Joshua Pahys, John Smith, Amer Samdani, Ron El-Hawary, Pediatric Spine Study Group (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Evolving Trends in the Inpatient Care of Early Onset Scoliosis
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Robert Murphy, William Barfield, Corinne Corrigan, Jason Anari, Jeffery Sawyer, Pediatric Spine Study Group (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Is Performing a Definitive Fusion for Scoliosis in Juvenile Cerebral Palsy Patients a Good Long-term Surgical Option?
Publication date: November 2019Source: Spine Deformity, Volume 7, Issue 6Author(s): Roland Howard, Paul Sponseller, Suken A. Shah, Firoz Miyanji, Amer Samdani, Peter Newton, Burt Yaszay (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - November 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research