Obstetric management in vacuum-extraction deliveries
Conclusion The vast majority of the VEs were conducted in accordance with safety recommendations. However, in a few extractions, safety rules were disregarded and more than six pulls or an extraction time of more than 20 minutes were used to complete the delivery. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - April 2, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Client and provider knowledge and views on safer conception for people living with HIV (PLHIV)
Conclusions Providers need to routinely initiate discussions with clients about childbearing intentions. Providers need to be enabled with approved guidelines and training to support client access to safer conception methods. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - April 1, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Applying an intervention framework to assess north carolina's adolescent pregnancy prevention efforts
Conclusions Findings suggest external implementation strategies are key to reducing adolescent pregnancy rates. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - April 1, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Antenatal education in small classes may increase childbirth self-efficacy: Results from a Danish randomised trial
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2016 Source:Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare Author(s): Carina S. Brixval, Solveig F. Axelsen, Lau C. Thygesen, Pernille Due, Vibeke Koushede Antenatal education in small classes may increase childbirth self-efficacy. In this randomised trial we assessed the effect of a structured antenatal programme versus auditorium-based lectures on childbirth self-efficacy measured by three single items. We found that women in the intervention group reported statistically significant higher levels of confidence in their ability to cope at home during labour compared to the cont...
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - March 22, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Has perinatal outcome improved after introduction of a guideline in favour of routine induction and increased surveillance prior to 42 weeks of gestation?
Conclusion This population-based study with a high reported adherence to the new national guideline found no changes in instrumental deliveries or perinatal outcomes after implementation of earlier routine induction of labour and increased surveillance in low risk pregnancies. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - March 16, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Antenatal and postnatal risk factors of postpartum depression symptoms in Thai women: a case-control study
Conclusions A history of lifetime major depression and depression during pregnancy are the most important risk factors for postnatal depression, suggesting that sensitization processes increase risk towards postpartum depression. Postpartum depression may be a subtype of unipolar depression or bipolar disorder. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - March 12, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Fathers' care of the newborn infant after caesarean section in Chile: A qualitative study
Conclusion This study concludes by arguing that in situations where the mother is unavailable or unable to provide basic care, the father should be supported to care for the newborn infant. Clinical implications Parents should be made aware of the benefits of this caring model especially when mother and baby have been separated after birth. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - March 9, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Fathers' care of the newborn infant after caesarean section in Chile- A qualitative study
Conclusion This study concludes by arguing that in situations where the mother is unavailable or unable to provide basic care, the father should be supported to care for the newborn infant. Clinical implications Parents should be made aware of the benefits of this caring model especially when mother and baby have been separated after birth. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - March 8, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Under scrutiny: midwives' experience of intrapartum transfer from home to hospital within the context of a planned homebirth in western australia
Conclusion The decision to transfer to hospital represents a profound shift in expectations for the woman and midwife that is often not recognised by hospital staff. Intrapartum transfer is a challenging clinical decision for all parties; midwives, women, partners and health services. Increased effort by maternity health professionals to improve communication and collaboration must be a priority to better support women and their partners who make an informed decision to have a planned homebirth. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - March 8, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Swedish fathers contemplate the difficulties they face in parenthood
Publication date: Available online 7 March 2016 Source:Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare Author(s): Margareta Johansson, Jan Thomas, Ingegerd Hildingsson, Helen Haines Objective The aim was to explore what concerns Swedish fathers had about parenting difficulties at two months after the birth of their baby. Objective Self-report questionnaires were used and data were analyzed with mixed methods. Objective Thirty percent of the 827 fathers reported concerns about the difficulties of parenthood. The theme 'Managing the demands of being a father' emerged and was based on concerns about how to raise the baby, ha...
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - March 8, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Cross-cultural development and psychometric evaluation of a measure to assess fear of childbirth prior to pregnancy
Conclusion The CFPP is a short, reliable and valid measure of childbirth fear among young women and men in six countries who plan to have children. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - March 5, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Counseling for childbirth fear – a national survey
Conclusion The midwife-led counseling conducted at the different Swedish obstetric clinics showed considerable disparities. Women with childbirth fear would benefit from care on equal terms irrespective of place of residence. Consequently, it would be valuable to develop a national healthcare program for childbirth fear. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - March 3, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

The media as a critical determinant of the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in ibadan, nigeria
Conclusions The study highlighted the important role the media plays in the sexual health of adolescents in Ibadan. Intervention programmes need to make use of this medium to reach out to more adolescents and measures should be instituted to prevent adolescents from misusing the media. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - February 29, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

The role of knowledge in the contraceptive behaviour of sexually active young people in state care
Conclusion Lack of sex-focused information is just one aspect of a myriad of complex factors, including socioeconomic disadvantage and/or emotional deprivation, that influences contraceptive behaviour. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - February 16, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

The experiences of husbands of primiparas with depressive or anxiety disorders during the perinatal period
Conclusions For many years prior to pregnancy, husbands had been alone in trying to help their wives through trial and error. After childbirth they accepted the new child-centered life style and supported their wives' mental health. Healthcare providers are needed to become an advisor for not only pregnant women but also their husbands and build a stable support system with members such as psychiatrists, obstetricians and midwives. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - February 14, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Swedish women's food habits during pregnancy up to six months post-partum: A longitudinal study
Conclusions The food habits during pregnancy were inadequate compared to recommendations and these habits became unhealthier after delivery. These suggest that dietary counselling needs to be more effective and continued into the lactating period. An increased focus should be given to healthy eating from the life course perspective, not just focus on effects on the foetus and pregnancy outcomes. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - February 13, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Mediolateral versus lateral episiotomy and their effect on postpartum coital activity and dyspareunia rate 3 and 6 months postpartum
Conclusions Quality of sexual life and perception of perineal pain after MLE is equivalent to LE. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - February 13, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Swedish women's food habits during pregnancy up to six months post-partum - a longitudinal study
Conclusions The food habits during pregnancy were inadequate compared to recommendations and these habits became unhealthier after delivery. These suggest that dietary counselling needs to be more effective and continued into the lactating period. An increased focus should be given to healthy eating from the life course perspective, not just focus on effects on the foetus and pregnancy outcomes. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - February 7, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

The perceived role of clinicians in pregnancy prevention among young Black women
Conclusion These findings help understand factors contributing to contraceptive decision-making. The patient-clinician interaction is a necessary focus of future research to improve sexual health discussions and understand if and what aspects of this interaction can influence behavior. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - February 5, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Naegele's rule revisited
Publication date: Available online 4 February 2016 Source:Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare Author(s): Christine Anna Lieselotte Loytved, Valerie Fleming Recent literature suggests that Franz Carl Naegele's (1778 - 1851) rule for estimating the date of delivery has been misinterpreted, resulting in this being brought forward by five days. Baskett and Nagele's work underpinning this argument has become widely accepted and quoted in obstetrical and midwifery textbooks. However, our re-examination of Naegele's original statements does not support the recent findings. On the contrary, the original textbooks of Naege...
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - February 5, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Lebanese women and sexuality: A qualitative inquiry
Conclusion This study offers new, contextual information about the understanding of sexuality of middle-aged womenwithin a Lebanese context,where the topic is not openly discussed. New insights are important to provide women with professional support that is culturally sensitive and appropriate. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - January 29, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Midwife-led care before, during and after childbirth – the best option for most women and babies
Publication date: March 2016 Source:Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, Volume 7 Author(s): Margareta Larsson (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - January 27, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Reviewer acknowledgment list.xlsx
Publication date: March 2016 Source:Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, Volume 7 (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - January 27, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Sense of coherence among healthy Norwegian women in postnatal care: Dimensionality reliability and construct validity of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire
Conclusion This study lends support to the original one-dimensional construct of sense of coherence, and sheds more light upon the troublesome pair of items OLQ2-OLQ3. Further studies are required. However, based on our results, a rewording or deletion of one of these two items seems necessary in order to achieve a reliable and valid instrument measuring SOC among healthy postnatal women. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - January 11, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Use of emergency contraception in Nigeria: An exploration of related factors among sexually active female university students
Conclusion Use of contraception among sexually active female Nigerian university students is predicted by the perception about its effectiveness and ease of use. Sexual and reproductive health programmes should focus on improving knowledge and addressing misconception in order to improve perception about emergency contraception. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Viewing the unborn child – pregnant women's expectations, attitudes and experiences regarding fetal ultrasound examination
Conclusion The women wanted medical knowledge about the fetal health. They considered the examination a visual experience together with their partner. The scan provided a personification of and an attachment to the fetus. This experience was the first step in the planning of a new life. The women had ambivalent feelings related to the ultrasound examination and they highlighted the importance of holistic care, where the sharing of information happens on an individual basis. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Healthcare students' knowledge and opinions about the Argentinean abortion law
Conclusion Students lack sound knowledge on the abortion law that may affect their personal lives and influence their future professional practice. It is crucial that medical schools include sexual and reproductive health issues in their curricula in order to ensure better quality healthcare services in the future. Implications In Argentina, approximately 400,000 abortions are performed every year, many under unsafe conditions, resulting in one third of the maternal deaths for the past decade. High quality sexual and reproductive healthcare services are a key strategy to improve adolescents' and women's health, thereby lo...
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Family sense of coherence and family and marital functioning across the perinatal period
Conclusion The study provides evidence that family sense of coherence plays a significant role in promoting family and marital functioning during the transition to parenthood. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Swedish women's interest in models of midwifery care – Time to consider the system? A prospective longitudinal survey
Conclusions Continuity with the same midwife could be of certain importance to women with childbirth fear. Models that offer continuity of care with one or two midwives are safe, cost-effective and enhance the chance of having a normal birth, a positive birth experience and possibly reduce fear of birth. The evidence is now overwhelming that all women should have maternity care delivered in this way. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

HPV vaccine introduction in Rwanda: Impacts on the broader health system
Conclusion Despite its delivery through school-based campaigns, the HPV vaccine integrated well into the immunisation programme and health system. The introduction had no major negative effects. Some opportunities were seized to expand services and collaborations. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Quality of intra-partum care at a university hospital in Nepal: A prospective cross-sectional survey
Conclusions The management of care in normal birth could be improved in the studied setting, and there is a need for more research to support such improvement. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of counselling on nausea and vomiting in pregnancy in Turkey
Conclusion Counselling effectively reduced the duration and severity of mild or moderate nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. However, it did not affect the duration of severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Sexual and reproductive health and rights: A matter of life and death
Publication date: December 2015 Source:Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, Volume 6, Issue 4 Author(s): Ingela Wiklund (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

“A challenge” – healthcare professionals' experiences when meeting women with symptoms that might indicate endometriosis
Conclusions Meeting women with symptoms that might indicate endometriosis is challenging and demands a certain level of competence from healthcare professionals. Sometimes the symptoms are camouflaged as “normal” menstruation pain, making it hard to satisfy the needs of this patient group. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Partners' perspective on care-system support before, during and after childbirth in relation to parenting roles
Conclusions Because partners are engaged parents, who support the woman giving birth, they must feel included during pregnancy, birth, and postpartum care and during encounters within child health care units. This would require (i) information that directly targets partners before and after childbirth, (ii) specially adapted venues for parent education, and (iii) personal, partner-focused discussions with care staff. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Breastfeeding, pregnant, and non-breastfeeding nor pregnant women's food consumption: A matched within-household analysis in India
Conclusions Breastfeeding women do not receive nutritional advantages compared to NBP women. Targeted effort is needed to assess and improve nutritional adequacy for breastfeeding Indian women. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Association between tribal status and spacing contraceptive use in rural Maharashtra, India
This study examines associations between tribal status and spacing contraception use (SCU) in rural Maharashtra, India. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted on baseline survey data from non-sterilized married couples (n = 867) participating in the CHARM family planning evaluation study. Participants were aged 18–30 years and 67.6% were tribal; 27.7% reported current SCU. Crude regression analyses indicated that tribals were less likely to use contraception (AOR = 0.04, 95% CI = 0.29, 0.54); this association was lost after adjusting for education, higher parity and desire f...
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Norwegian midwives' perceptions of empowerment
Conclusion The PEMS showed that Norwegian midwives' perception of empowerment at work differed according to midwives' education, role at work, duration of work experience, working situation and environment. This study supports the psychometric qualities of the PEMS. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Sense of coherence among healthy Norwegian women in postnatal care: dimensionality, reliability and construct validity of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire
Conclusion This study lends support to the original one-dimensional construct of sense of coherence, and sheds more light upon the troublesome pair of items OLQ2-OLQ3. Further studies are required. However, based on our results, a rewording or deletion of one of these two items seems necessary in order to achieve a reliable and valid instrument measuring SOC among healthy postnatal women. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - December 25, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

How can midwives promote a normal birth and a positive birth experience? The experience of first-time Norwegian mothers
Conclusion Midwives have a pivotal role in helping to promote a normal birth and positive birth experience. The women consider the midwife's attitude and behaviour as essential for feeling safety and care. The midwife's individualized and motivating approach promotes the women's inner strength and belief in their own capability to handle the birth. Based on this salutogenic view, the midwife must focus on the woman's resources in order to promote good health during the childbearing process. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - August 14, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Call for papers – special issue on Challenges to women's sexual and reproductive health
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2015 Source:Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare Author(s): Margareta Larsson (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - August 7, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Call for papers - special issue on challenges to women's sexual and reproductive health
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2015 Source:Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare Author(s): Margareta Larsson (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - August 2, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Women's experiences of cervical ripening as inpatients on an antenatal ward
Conclusions Strict adherence to ward rules and procedures appeared to undermine women's experiences of cervical ripening as inpatients on an antenatal ward. Facilitating the continued presence of family members, improving the provision of information, listening to women and enhancing their perception of freedom within the ward environment are strategies that may have a positive influence on women's experiences of inpatient cervical ripening. This study has provided an insight into women's experiences of usual care, during the cervical ripening procedure, as inpatients on an antenatal ward. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - June 27, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Women's experience of unplanned out-of-hospital birth in Sweden – a phenomenological description
Conclusions This study contributes to an understanding of the natural processes when giving birth. The findings can be useful when communicating the experience of unplanned out-of-hospital birth to parents in antenatal classes. The women could be encouraged to listen and trust their own body signs as a preparation for giving birth in any type of setting. Guidelines for taking care of women with out-of-hospital birth experiences are suggested. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - June 27, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Menstrual hygiene practices and its association with reproductive tract infections and abnormal vaginal discharge in India
Conclusion The reason for the symptoms of RTI may be diverse and not only limited to the unhygienic menstrual practices although this may be one of the reasons causing reproductive morbidity. Awareness, affordability and privacy are some of the major concerns that need immediate attention to promote the use of sanitary pad during the time of menstruation. Establishing relation between menstrual practices and RTI is in its initial stage of investigation and hence needs further research (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - June 27, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Pregnant women's expectations about pain intensity during childbirth and their attitudes towards pain management: Findings from an Icelandic national study
Conclusions The study detected multiple predictors of women's EIPC and attitude to pain management. Early and throughout pregnancy, midwives and health care professionals need to address these predictors in order to assist women to prepare themselves for the pain of labour. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - June 13, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Challenges and benefits of conducting parental classes in Sweden: Midwives' perspectives
Conclusions Organisational resources as well as developing skills to lead groups are imperative for midwives to fulfil the goals of the parental classes. The midwives are aware that they cannot reach all parents with the group format; thus, it is important to acknowledge the needs of minority populations and develop multidisciplinary collaborations to be able to better address their needs. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - June 13, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Home birth constructed as a safe choice in Iceland: A content analysis on Icelandic media
Conclusion Overall planned home birth was not discussed with much intensity or frequency, but in general the discussion was shaped by a positive attitude. There was a distinction in the public media discourse among midwives and physicians or obstetricians who do not argue against planned home birth but who nevertheless speak with caution. The pregnant women who chose home birth found their own home to be safe and similar views were identified among women and midwives. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - May 27, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence, reasons and predictors for home births among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Birnin Kudu, North-west Nigeria
Conclusion The prevalence of home birth is high in Birnin Kudu and according to our respondents the main reasons for this practice are onset of labour late at night with lack of transportation and a limited choice of birthing positions. Provision of training and retraining of skilled birth attendants to assist women birthing in squatting positions would encourage women to deliver in the hospitals. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - May 26, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Neither father nor biological mother. A qualitative study about lesbian co-mothers' maternity care experiences
Conclusion For lesbian co-mothers, being recognized in maternity care implies that they are valued for the qualities that separate them from other user groups on a personal level. On a societal level, being recognized is related to acknowledgement of inventive ways of doing family. Everyday signs of recognition may prevent moral violation, and by paying particular attention to use of language, staff can help co-mothers feel acknowledged. (Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare)
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - May 26, 2015 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research