The socialisation process and gender inequality in school sports
Conclusions Multisports activities can propose the development of several skills and abilities focusing on the person needs rather than to his/her sex. If such activities are promoted, sports can become a social agent that can be used as an agent for change in gender relationships. To carry out a more equality peer socialization is very important to act in the family and educational contexts. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Gender stereotypes as a determinant of participation in sports in childhood
Conclusions From infancy, gender role socialisation and social and cultural pressures inculcate socially acceptable gender practices. Coeducation and the involvement of various social agents would enhance adherence to sport, especially among girls. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations of health-related behavior patterns in adolescence with change of weight status and self-rated health
Conclusions High-risk patterns of health-related behavior were identified. Further, cumulative as well as compensatory effects of different health-related behaviors on each other were found. The information gained in this study contributes to a better understanding of the complexity of health-related behavior and its impact on health parameters and may facilitate the development of targeted prevention programs. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Sedentary behavior and academic performance in Japanese junior high school students
Conclusions These results suggest that greater weekday sitting time was positively associated with better academic performances among Japanese junior high school students. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Étude des sources de l’intérêt en situation lors d’activités physiques scolaires chez les garçons et les filles
Conclusion La nouveauté permettrait de susciter l’IS chez les filles, moins intéressées par l’AP. Plaisir et exploration sont des sources communes chez les garçons et les filles. De futures études chez les enfants pourront s’intéresser à l’impact de l’IS sur l’intérêt personnel, stable et à long terme, pour l’activité physique. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Associated factors of sitting time in Japanese junior high school students
Conclusions These results suggest that less weekday sitting time was associated with being male, greater physical fitness and worse academic performances among Japanese junior high school students. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Critical environmental factors for transportation cycling in children: A qualitative study using bike-alongs
Conclusions Road safety is of major concern in this 10–12-year-old study population and their parents. Bike-alongs were able to identify new detailed and context-specific physical environmental factors, which could inform policy makers to promote children's cycling for transport. However, future studies should investigate whether hypothetical changes to such physical environmental features influence perceptions of safety and if this in turn could lead to changes in children's cycling for transport. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Student responses to physically literate adult role models
Conclusions Physically active teachers may be recognized by their pupils as role models of physical literacy and can encourage their pupils to become physically literate when they move competently and confidently along-side their pupils. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Pratique de l’équimotricité© : motifs de participation et perception de l’impact
Conclusions Le choix de l’équimotricité© repose principalement sur l’intérêt de l’enfant, ce qui constitue un élément très positif. La recherche d’effets moteurs et/ou psychologiques, représente une deuxième catégorie de motifs tandis que les déterminants extrinsèques ne joueraient pas un rôle essentiel. L’impact perçu est positif mais les personnes interrogées paraissent clairement conscientes que l’activité ne constitue pas un remède miracle. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of 8weeks aerobic exercise on the global self-concept and the locus of control of female adolescents
Conclusions It was concluded that 8weeks aerobic exercise have positive effects on the self-concept and locus of control of adolescent female students. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Développement psychomoteur des enfants : un programme de santé prioritaire de l’office de la naissance et de l’enfance (ONE)
Conclusions Les équipes médico-sociales de l’ONE confrontés aux cas de retards psychomoteurs ou des troubles de développement, propose dans ses structures diverses activités et/ou de l’information selon les besoins et les ressources locales, pour mieux soutenir et orienter les parents vers des professionnels spécialisés, si nécessaire. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Adolescents’ physical activity. A three-cohort study based on Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Portuguese survey
Conclusion The study points to age as a factor related to diminished PA participation. The study also revealed that the prevalence of PA has decreased over the years for the same age groups. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Sedentary behavior and physical activity patterns of urban adolescents: A study using ecological momentary assessment
Conclusion Findings the study suggests a need for diverse behavioral targets in interventions design to reduce time devoted to sedentary behaviors and increasing physical activity in sub groups of adolescents. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Photo-flyer: “It's so easy to move!” an aid for physical activity in the everyday life of parents and infants aged 0–3
Conclusions We successfully simplified and reduced the complexity of physical activity in everyday life. The photo-flyer shows a wide variety of physical activity, easy to copy. The photos are attractive and highly aesthetic. It hits the pulse of our busy times by efficiently visualizing the required information. Moreover it rounds up the already available material used in the program. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Improving child's sitting position, BACK COMFORT and attention in classroom with a postural education
Conclusions The children's SP was improved using appropriate furniture and specific tools (triangular cushion and tilted desk) combined with a postural intervention. This approach also tends to reduce back complaints and to improve attention. Further studies are needed to determine if this kind of programs is efficient to reduce the risk of LBP in adulthood and to really improve school achievement. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Parameters of participation in organized sports – Findings from German preschool children
Conclusions The results suggest that forming parent's health and PA related attitudes can support children's participation in organized sports. Understanding the mechanisms of children's participation in organized sports can help to design more effective interventions to promote PA in childhood. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyse de l’efficacité de l’accoutumance à l’eau chez l’enfant préscolaire
Conclusion L’étude confirme l’efficacité de l’accoutumance à l’eau chez l’enfant préscolaire. L’approche CEReKI se montre particulièrement intéressante pour les piscines peu adaptées à l’accoutumance à l’eau. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Sport classes at the CEReKi: A complete day for preschool fundamental motor development
Conclusion Sport classes at the CEReKi are a successful and useful concept that deserve to be disseminated. Similar organizations should emerge to support children's fundamental motor development but they will require financial support. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Développement de la latéralisation, de la latéralité et de la connaissance gauche-droite chez l’enfant de 2ans et demi à 6ans
Conclusions La mise en place officielle d’un programme de ce type devrait constituer une priorité dans le futur tant les bienfaits de celui-ci apparaissent comme évidents aux yeux de multiples acteurs de terrain. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Le jardin d’accoutumance à l’eau CEReKi : une solution pour toutes les piscines
Conclusions Le jardin d’accoutumance à l’eau CEReKi semble offrir une solution pour toutes les piscines, particulièrement pour celles qui ne disposent que d’un grand bassin. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

La psychomotricité avec poney ou équimotricité© : vidéo
Publication date: October 2014 Source:Science & Sports, Volume 29, Supplement Author(s): C. Saublens , M. Cloes Introduction L’activité physique exerce une influence positive sur la croissance de l’enfant, sur son développement global, sa santé et son bien-être [1]. Un mode de vie sédentaire de l’enfant risque de perturber son évolution tout au long de sa vie [2]. Les initiatives visant à renforcer le développement moteur des enfants s’avèrent donc indispensables. Contexte Développée en 2007, l’équimo...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

L’activité des Bébés Cavaliers au Poney Club de la forêt de Moulière
Publication date: October 2014 Source:Science & Sports, Volume 29, Supplement Author(s): J. Rabouan Introduction La vidéo présente une expérience que nous avons menée au Poney Club de Moulière depuis 25 ans [1] : l’activité des Bébés Cavaliers. Nous appuyant sur l’expérience des enfants cavaliers dans les tribus indiennes et en Mongolie, nous expérimentons la valeur éminente de l’activité équestre précoce dans les domaines suivants : (a) affectif : le poney équilibre harmonieus...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

L’École du Mouvement, ça déménage !
Publication date: October 2014 Source:Science & Sports, Volume 29, Supplement Author(s): S. Herreman , G. Parisoto Introduction Les enfants ont besoin de trouver de nouveaux espaces de jeux ; les propositions de loisirs n’ont jamais été aussi nombreuses et pourtant les qualités physiques et motrices de base sont en chute libre. Face à cette sédentarité croissante et aux trop nombreuses activités passives, il est important de proposer des activités motrices adaptées pour les enfants leur permettant de développer leur motricité ...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Mise en place de pauses d’activité physique scolaire. Illustration d’une démarche participative au niveau primaire
Publication date: October 2014 Source:Science & Sports, Volume 29, Supplement Author(s): S. Cloes Introduction Les enfants ont naturellement besoin de bouger [1]. Cependant, imposant des périodes de plus d’une heure et demi d’immobilisme, force est de constater que le système scolaire ne tient pas compte de ce besoin. Pour lutter contre ce phénomène, plusieurs auteurs recommandent d’insérer des pauses mouvement dans le travail scolaire [2]. Ces activités peuvent prendre diverses formes [3]. L’instituteur peut ainsi animer des jeux variés. Su...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physical activity promotion in a community based programme to reduce overweight prevalence in Belgian children
Conclusion Specific actions to promote PA are an important component of Viasano and these results suggest that such a CBP combining actions on food and physical activity may contribute to containing the prevalence of childhood overweight even over a short period of time. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The UP4FUN intervention effect on overall sedentary time and breaking up sedentary time in Belgian children (10–12 years): The ENERGY-project
Conclusions In conclusion, UP4FUN did not have a consistent or substantial effect on children's overall sedentary time and on breaking up sedentary time. These data suggest that more intensive and longer lasting interventions are needed. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Handicap mental chez l’enfant et risque d’obésité : le rôle clé de l’activité physique (AP) adaptée
Conclusions Ces données, encore préliminaires, manquent d’un recul suffisant pour évaluer le réel impact de cette stratégie ; néanmoins elles semblent montrer, dans ce contexte à haut risque que : (1) L’obésité n’est pas une fatalité. (2) L’AP adaptée joue un rôle clé. (3) L’appropriation de la démarche par les familles est incontournable. (4) Les perspectives d’amélioration reposent sur la qualité opérationnelle du maillage entre l’institution et la famil...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effets d’un programme d’activité physique intergénérationnel réunissant seniors et enfants d’âge préscolaire
Conclusion Cette étude ne permet pas de confirmer l’efficacité de la promotion de l’activité physique intergénérationnelle, tant chez les enfants que chez les seniors. Des études additionnelles sont dès lors nécessaires pour compléter ces résultats. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Influence de la prise en charge de l’obésité pédiatrique sur les performances motrices et leurs composantes psychologiques
Conclusions Face à l’obésité infantile, il est essentiel d’accorder une attention particulière à la perception de la valeur de l’activité physique pour l’enfant et de la modifier le cas échéant [2]. En effet, nos résultats soulignent que l’internalisation progressive des différents processus psychologiques liés au sport permettrait d’accroître la motivation à la pratique sportive, d’augmenter le niveau d’activité physique et de ce fait d’avoir un impact sur l’efficacit...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

A “whole child” initiative of quality physical activity: A way to go beyond the traditional boundaries of corporate social responsibility?
Conclusion Recently from a CSR perspective, interest has emerged that moves from narrowly-defined shareholder benefits towards wide-reaching sustainable and shared benefits. A holistic view on child development through PA rather than a narrow view on energy expenditure should underlie any childhood PA promotion initiative. However, the achievement of the recommended PA levels and goals may be only partially pursued through services delivery as physical education or deliberate practice. Since a relevant portion of children's PA is spontaneous play, multisectoral strategies that impact the built environments and promote acti...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Current evidence on the associations between motor competence and aspects of health in youth: What do we know?
Publication date: October 2014 Source:Science & Sports, Volume 29, Supplement Author(s): D. Stodden Introduction Developing and sustaining health-enhancing behaviors and outcomes in youth inherently involves the integration of many behavioral, psychological, social and environmental factors. Examining how these factors evolve across childhood and adolescence and how they may synergistically interact to promote either positive or negative trajectories of physical and psychological development has largely been unexplored. In 2008, Stodden et al. [1] suggested that previous research had failed to consider the role t...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

More physical activity and less sitting in children: Why and how?
Conclusion High prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in children, the fact that considerable numbers do not reach the physical activity guidelines and that sedentary behaviour is very common already at young age, advocate the need for effective interventions focusing on more physical activity and less sitting in children. A socio-ecological approach and the involvement of schools and preschools as well as parents are important for interventions to promote more physical activity and less sitting. Some physical activity promotion interventions are found to be effective, but effects are often rather limited and the impl...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Possibilities to support elite adolescent athletes in improving performance: Results from a qualitative content analysis
Publication date: Available online 2 October 2014 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): K. Diehl , I. Thielmann , A. Thiel , J. Mayer , S. Zipfel , S. Schneider Objectives In their everyday life, elite adolescent athletes are faced with many challenges which can influence their performance. Therefore, the aim of our study was to ask young elite athletes what could possibly be done to support them in performing their sports and thus identify fields of improvement in elite adolescent sports. Equipment and methods Data were drawn from the nationwide GOAL Study (German Young Olympic Athletes’ Lifestyle and Health...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Time of day effects on aerobic capacity, muscle glycogen content and performance assessment in swimming rats
Publication date: Available online 3 October 2014 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): W.R. Beck , L.F.P. Ribeiro , P.P.M. Scariot , I.G.M. dos Reis , C.A. Gobatto Objective The aims of this study were to analyze the time of day effects on aerobic capacity, time to exhaustion at this intensity and skeletal muscle glycogen concentration in swimming rats. Methods Initially, 80 animals were divided in four groups handled and tested at 12:00 and 20:00h and subjected to a lactate minimum test. For 12:00 and 20:00h, the lactate minimum intensity was successfully determined in 65 vs 85% of the animals, respectively, and ...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyse d’articles
Publication date: Available online 3 October 2014 Source:Science & Sports (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Gender differences in the relation of personality traits and self-presentation with physical activity
Conclusion This study extended the previous studies on Western culture to non-western culture of Turkey and also provided some explanation for inconclusive results about the gender differences in the relationship of personality and physical activity. The study also examined the relationship between self-presentation and physical activity in terms of gender, which is less frequently studied. The findings of this study indicated that the pattern of relation of physical activity with personality traits differed with regard to gender. For males, personality characteristic were related with vigorous physical activity but for fe...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The relationship between sprint ability, agility and vertical jump performance in young soccer players
Conclusion The results of the study therefore suggest that speed, agility without the ball and vertical jumping ability share common physiological and biomechanical determinants. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Decreased basic metabolic rate may reflect pituitary secretion disturbance in elite female athlete
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2014 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): K. Łagowska , K. Kapczuk , J. Jeszka , Z. Friebe Aim To evaluate the relationship between basal metabolic rate, energy balance and hormones level in young female athletes with menstrual disorders. Materials and methods Thirty-three well-trained young female athletes, aged 18.4±2.9 years, with menstrual disorders due to hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction, participated in the study. Evaluation of nutritional status was based on analyses of body composition using the BIA method (fat mass [FM], fat-free mass [FFM]). Basal m...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of caffeine on rugby passing accuracy while performing the Reactive Agility Test
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2014 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): H.N. Assi , L. Bottoms Aim Caffeine has been observed to improve performance of high-intensity and endurance exercise, but its effects on passing accuracy and reactive agility seen in intermittent high intensity team sports such as rugby and hockey are unclear. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of ingesting caffeine on passing accuracy and agility speed before and after a simulated rugby protocol (SRP). Methods Nine male amateur rugby union players volunteered to participate in the study. The first v...
Source: Science and Sports - October 12, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research