Title: The Mental health and occupational characteristic of Horse Stable Hand workers in Korea
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Kyung-Woo Kim, Sang-Gil Lee, Gyu-Seok HwangAbstractThe horse stable hand workers are one of the most important occupations in horse-racing industry. However, the suicide problem of the horse stable hand workers in Korea has raised the necessity of new study on how these workers can be experienced mental health problems such as occupational stress and depression in organizational situation. So this study investigated the occupational stress and depression level of the horse stable hand workers and identified the structural relationshi...
Source: Safety and Health at Work - July 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Screening of workers with presumed occupational methanol poisoning: The applicablility of a national active occupational disease surveillance system
ConclusionThis study revealed that active surveillance data can be used to assess health problems related to methyl alcohol poisoning in CNC processes and dispatch workers. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - July 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

From workers to the working age population: A new paradigm for the Occupational Health Service
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Jungsun Park, Yangho KimAbstractThe globalization of the economies of most countries has led to profound changes in employment; in particular, it has increased the type and proportion of non-standard workers, such as part-time workers, temporary workers, agency or service contract workers, and dependent self-employed. Occupational health service (OHS) was originally developed to protect incumbent (permanent and full-time) employees performing hazardous or dangerous jobs, mainly in medium-sized or large industries. Hence, workers empl...
Source: Safety and Health at Work - July 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A Simple Proposition for Improving Industrial Hygiene Air Sampling Methods
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Samuel Y. Paik, David M. ZalkAbstractWhen conducting an exposure assessment, the primary goal of the industrial hygienist is to fully characterize the worker’s exposure during a work shift to compare it to an occupational exposure limit (OEL). This applies regardless of the duration of the work activity, as an activity that is relatively short in duration can still present exposure in excess of the OEL even when normalized over an 8-hr shift. This goal, however, is often impeded by the specification of a minimum sample volume (...
Source: Safety and Health at Work - July 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Controlling Painters' Exposure to Volatile Organic Solvents in the Automotive Sector of Southern Colombia
ConclusionThese results shed light on the working conditions of these tradespeople. The permissible limits established by Colombian regulations for the evaluated chemical contaminants were not exceeded. However, there were contaminants that exceeded the limits of action. The analysis of findings made it possible to propose improvements in occupational safety and health management systems to allow the optimization of working conditions for painters, prevent the occurrence of occupational diseases, and reduce costs to the country's health system. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - July 6, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics of Disability in Patients with Indoor Air–Related Environmental Intolerance
ConclusionNo medical cause was found to explain the disability. Findings support that the condition is a form of idiopathic environmental intolerance and belongs to functional somatic syndromes. Instead of endless avoidance, rehabilitation approaches of functional somatic syndromes are applicable. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - July 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Exploring the contributory factors of confined space accidents using accident investigation reports and semi-structured interviews
ConclusionsPreventing confined space accidents requires addressing issues from organizational to operator level, as well as external influences beyond the organizational level. The recommended modifications provide a basis for accident investigation and risk analysis, which may be applicable across a broad range of industries and accident types. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - June 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Exposure to particles and nitrogen dioxide among workers in the Stockholm underground train system
ConclusionsCleaners and other platform workers were statistically significantly more exposed to particles than train drivers or ticket sellers. Particle concentrations (PM2.5) in the Stockholm underground system were within the same range as in the New York underground system but were much lower than in several older underground systems around the world. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - June 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Design and Development of an Ergonomic Trolley-Lifter for Sheet Metal Handling Task: A Preliminary Study
ConclusionThe trolley-lifter offers an alternative solution to automation and mechanized assistive device by providing a simple mechanism to assist the handling of sheet metals effectively and safely. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - June 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Controlling Painters’ Exposure To Volatile Organic Solvents In The Automotive Sector Of Southern Colombia
ConclusionThese results shed light on the working conditions of these tradespeople. The permissible limits established by Colombian regulations for the evaluated chemical contaminants were not exceeded. However, there were contaminants that exceeded the limits of action. The analysis of findings made it possible to propose improvements in occupational safety and health management systems to allow the optimization of working conditions for painters, prevent the occurrence of occupational diseases, and reduce costs to the country's health system. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - June 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Do various respirator models fit the workers in the Norwegian smelting industry?
ConclusionsThere were large differences in how well the different respirator models fitted the Norwegian smelter workers. The results can be useful when choosing which respirators to include in respirator fit testing programs in similar populations. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - June 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of disability in patients with indoor air-related environmental intolerance
ConclusionNo medical cause was found to explain the disability. Findings support that the condition is a form of IEI and belongs to functional somatic syndromes (FSS). Instead of endless avoidance, rehabilitation approaches of FSS are applicable. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - June 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The Interaction of Cognitive Interference, Standing Surface, and Fatigue on Lower Extremity Muscle Activity
ConclusionsThe cognitive task after workload increased lower extremity muscular activity compared to quite standing, irrespective of the surface condition, suggesting an increased demand was placed on the postural control system as the result of both fatigue and cognitive task. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - June 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

In Search of a Performing Seal: Rethinking the Design of Tight-Fitting Respiratory Protective Equipment Facepieces for Users With Facial Hair
ConclusionThe results show that sealing against facial hair is extremely problematic unless an excessive force is applied to the facepiece's seal area pushing it against the face. The means of pressure testing devised by the researchers could be seen as a low-cost technique to be used at the early stages of a the design process, before fit testing is viable. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - June 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Expectations for “SHAW” and its Perspectives
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Tae-Gu Kim (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - June 6, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Expectations and Hopes I have in “SHAW”
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Tae-Gu Kim (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - June 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sleep assessment during shift work in Korean firefighters: a cross-sectional study
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Kyoung Sook Jeong, Yeon-Soon Ahn, Tae-Won Jang, Gayoung Lim, Hyung Doo Kim, Seung-Woo Cho, Chang-Sun SimAbstractBackgroundThis cross-sectional study assessed the sleep quality with the ActiGraph and investigate the relationship between the parameters of sleep assessment and the type of shift work in Korean firefighters.MethodsThe subjects were 359 firefighters: 65 day workers (control group) and 294 shift workers (shift work group: 77 3-day shift, 72 6-day shift, 65 9-day shift, and 80 21-day shift, respectively). Sleep assessments we...
Source: Safety and Health at Work - May 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Expectations and Hopes I have in "SHAW"
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Tae-Gu Kim (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - May 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

In search of a performing Seal – Rethinking the design of tight fitting RPE facepieces for users with facial hair
ConclusionThe results that show sealing against facial hair is extremely problematic unless an excessive force is applied to the facepiece’s seal area pushing it against the face. The means of pressure testing devised by the researchers could be seen as a low-cost technique to be used at the early stages of a the design process, before fit testing is viable. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - May 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Effect of Workload on Job Stress of Ghanaian OPD Nurses: The Role of Coworker Support
ConclusionThe finding reiterates the adverse effect of workloads on employees' health, and the reverse buffering effect implies that supporting a colleague at work should be conveyed in a positive manner devoid of negative appraisal. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - May 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Letter to “Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Iranian Dentists: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis”
Publication date: Available online 11 April 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Abdolhamid Tajvar, Morteza Arab-Zozani, Soheil Hassanipour (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - May 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Occupational characteristics of semiconductor workers with cancer and rare diseases registered with a workers’ compensation program in Korea
ConclusionThe distribution of registered semiconductor workers with cancer and rare diseases was closely related to the manufacturing era prior to 2005, ≤8 inches wafer size handled, exposure to clean rooms of fab and chip assembly operations, and etching operations. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - April 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Effect of Workload on Job Stress of Ghanaian OPD Nurses: The role of Co-Worker Support
ConclusionThe finding reiterates the adverse effect of workloads on employees’ health and the reverse buffering effect implies that supporting a colleague at work should be conveyed in a positive manner devoid of negative appraisal. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - April 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Supporting those who Provide Support: Work-related resources and Secondary Traumatic Stress among Victim Advocates
This study investigated the relationship between victim status, years of experience, hours of direct contact with victims, and availability of workplace supports in the development of STS. Of the 142 victim advocates, 134 were women. Regression analyses revealed that the only significant predictor of STS was the number of direct hours of victim services provided. The findings from this study found that women have high rates of STS and more work place support needs to be implemented. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - April 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Letter to "Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Iranian Dentists: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis"
Publication date: Available online 11 April 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Abdolhamid Tajvar, Morteza Arab-Zozani, Soheil Hassanipour (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - April 11, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Injury Fear, Stigma, and Reporting in Professional Dancers
ConclusionProfessional dancers are at risk of losing contracts or roles if they are injured, and therefore, it is common to dance through their occurrence. Many dancers, particularly those dancing part-time, are unwilling to tell their employers about their injuries. Action is required to improve this culture regarding injury reporting and help seeking for more effective injury understanding, prevention, and management in dance. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - April 9, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Injury fear, stigma and reporting in professional dancers
ConclusionProfessional dancers are at risk of losing contracts or roles if they are injured, and therefore it is common to dance through their occurrence. Many dancers, particularly those dancing part-time, are unwilling to tell their employers about their injuries. Action is required to improve this culture regarding injury reporting and help-seeking for more effective injury understanding, prevention and management in dance. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - March 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Occupationally Acquired Plasmodium knowlesi Malaria in Brunei Darussalam
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2018Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Gregory JN. Koh, Pg K. Ismail, David KohAbstractSimian malaria is a zoonotic disease caused by Plasmodium knowlesi infection. The common natural reservoir of the parasite is the macaque monkey and the vector is the Anopheles mosquito. Human cases of P. knowlesi infection has been reported in all South East Asian countries in the last decade, and it is currently the most common type of malaria seen in Malaysia and Brunei. Between 2007–2017, 73 cases of P. knowlesi infection were notified and confirmed to the Ministry of Healt...
Source: Safety and Health at Work - March 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A Platform of People Who are Working for Workers' Health
Publication date: Available online 27 February 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Seong-Kyu Kang (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - March 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A Platform of People who are working for Workers Health
Publication date: Available online 27 February 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Seong-Kyu Kang (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - February 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An Instrumented Workstation to Evaluate Weight-Bearing Distribution in the Sitting Posture
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Cristiane S. Moriguchi, Tatiana O. Sato, Helenice JC. Gil Coury (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - February 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sickness Presenteeism among the Self-employed and Employed in Northwestern Europe—The Importance of Time Demands
ConclusionThe results confirm that the level of sickness presenteeism is higher among the self-employed and that high time demands are a major explanation to this. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - January 31, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An instrumented workstation to evaluate weight bearing distribution in sitting posture
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Cristiane S. Moriguchi, Tatiana O. Sato, Helenice JC. Gil Coury (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - January 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An analysis of individual and social factors affecting occupational accidents
ConclusionIt can be concluded that although previous studies and the present study showed the effect of stress on accident and accident proneness, some hidden and external factors such as work-family conflict, effort-reward imbalance, external locus of control, affect stress should also be considered. It helps industries face with less occupational stress and, consequently, less occurrence rate of accidents. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - January 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Comparison of the impact of an optimized ice cooling vest and a paraffin cooling vest on physiological and perceptual strain
Conclusions: the optimized ice cooling vest was as effective as the commercial paraffin cooling vest to control the thermal strain. However, ice has a greater latent heat and less production cost. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - January 20, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Exposure to atmospheric particulates and associated respirable deposition dose to street vendors at residential and commercial site in Dehradun city
Publication date: Available online 19 January 2019Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Vignesh Prabhu, Sunil Kumar Gupta, Sandeep Madhwal, Vijay Shridhar (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - January 20, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sickness presenteeism among self-employed and employed in northwestern europe – the importance of time demands
ConclusionResults confirm that the level of sickness presenteeism is higher among the self-employed and that high time demands is a major explanation. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - January 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Workplace diesel exhausts and gasoline exposure and risk of colorectal cancer in four Nordic countries
ConclusionThis study showed a small risk increase for rectal cancer following workplace diesel exhaust exposure. However, this finding could be due to chance given the limitations of the study. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - January 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Workplace Employees' Annual Physical Checkup and During Hire on the Job to Increase Health-care Awareness Perception to Prevent Disease Risk: A Work for Policy-Implementable Option Globally
ConclusionsHealth care and awareness perception of states, organizations, employees, and families improves with annual health checkup, and annual health checkup also prevents unhealthy acts. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - December 21, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Occupational safety and health among young workers in the Nordic countries: A systematic literature review
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2018Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Therese N. Hanvold, Pete Kines, Mikko Nykänen, Sara Thomèe, Kari A. Holte, Jukka Vuori, Morten Wærsted, Kaj B. VeierstedAbstractThis review aimed to identify risk factors for occupational accidents and illness among young workers in the Nordic countries, and to attain knowledge on specific vulnerable groups within the young working force that may need special attention. We conducted a systematic review from 1994-2014 using five online databases. Of the 12,528 retrieved papers, 54 met the review criteria and were...
Source: Safety and Health at Work - December 21, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of matrix effects in quantifying microbial secondary metabolites in indoor dust using ultra performance liquid chromatograph-tandem mass spectrometer
We examined potential matrix effects (MEs) in analyses of 31 MSMs using ultra performance (UP) LC-MSMS. Twenty-one dust aliquots from three buildings (7 aliquots/building) were spiked with seven concentrations of each of the MSMs (6.2 pg/μl–900 pg/μl) and then extracted. Another set of 21 aliquots were first extracted and then the extract was spiked with the same concentrations. We added deepoxy-deoxynivalenol (DOM) to all aliquots as a universal internal standard (ISTD). Ten μl of extract was injected into the UPLC-MSMS. ME was calculated by subtracting percentage of the response of analyte in spiked extrac...
Source: Safety and Health at Work - December 21, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Occupational Risks in Midwifery: From Bernardino Ramazzini to Modern Times
Publication date: Available online 1 December 2018Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Tommaso Bianchi, Michael Belingheri, Antonella Nespoli, Giovanni De Vito, Michele A. RivaAbstractOccupational risks are often underestimated in midwifery. It is not commonly known that occupational risks were originally described by the Italian physician Bernardino Ramazzini (1633–1714) at the beginning of the 18th century. Our aim was to describe occupational risks in midwifery from Ramazzini to modern times. The original text by Bernardino Ramazzini was analyzed. A review of modern scientific articles on occupational risks...
Source: Safety and Health at Work - December 19, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Contributors to fatigue of mine workers in the South African gold and platinum sector
ConclusionThe aim of the study was achieved; numerous work-, socio-demographic-, lifestyle-, and wellness-related factors were linked to fatigue in the participating mine workers. Contributors to fatigue should be addressed to improve health, safety and sustainability in the industry. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - December 17, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Leading for safety: A question of leadership focus
ConclusionThe most important thing for leaders aiming at improving workplace safety is to continuously emphasize safety, both in their communication and by acting as role models. This highlights the importance for leadership training programs aiming to improve safety to actually focus on safety promoting communication and behaviors rather than general leadership. Furthermore, an overly monitoring and controlling leadership style can be detrimental to attempts at achieving improved workplace safety. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - December 8, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Occupational risks in midwifery. From Bernardino Ramazzini to modern times
Publication date: Available online 1 December 2018Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Tommaso Bianchi, Michael Belingheri, Antonella Nespoli, Giovanni De Vito, Michele A. RivaAbstractOccupational risks are often underestimated in midwifery. It is not commonly known that they were originally described by the Italian physician Bernardino Ramazzini (1633-1714) at the beginning of the eighteenth century. Our aim was to describe occupational risks in midwifery from Ramazzini to modern times. The original text by Bernardino Ramazzini was analyzed. A review of modern scientific papers on occupational risks in midwifery wa...
Source: Safety and Health at Work - December 1, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Achievements, Problems, and Future Direction of the Quality Control Program for Special Periodic Health Examination Agencies in South Korea
Publication date: Available online 1 December 2018Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Yong Lim Won, Kyung Sun Ko, Jae Oh Park, Yoon jung Choi, Hyeji Lee, Jung-min Sung, Mi-young Lee (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - December 1, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The interplay between supervisor safety support and occupational health and safety vulnerability on work injury
ConclusionIn workplaces where workers experience one or more types of OHS vulnerability, having a supportive supervisor may play an important role in reducing the risk of injury and protecting workers. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - November 21, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Insights into Emissions and Exposures from use of Industrial-Scale Additive Manufacturing Machines
ConclusionsIndustrial-scale AM machines using thermoplastics and resins released particles and organic vapors into workplace air. More research is needed to understand factors influencing real-world industrial-scale AM process emissions and exposures. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - November 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Occupationally Acquired Plasmodiumknowlesi Malaria in Brunei Darussalam
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2018Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Gregory JN. Koh, Pg K. Ismail, David Koh (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - October 31, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Personal Protective Equipment Availability and Utilization Among Interventionalists
ConclusionsPPE use was inconsistent and not always available. Improving the culture of radiation protection in catheterization laboratories is essential to improve PPE compliance with the aim of protecting patients and operators. This culture of radiation protection must include all those involved including the users of PPE and the administrators and managers who are responsible for supplying sufficient, appropriate, fitting PPE for all workers requiring such protection. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - October 31, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research