Changes in dental practice in times of COVID-19: review and recommendations for dental health care
ABSTRACT The aim of this article was to discuss biosafety measures described in the main protocols for minimizing the risk of COVID-19 transmission during dental care. COVID-19 appeared in China in late 2019 and quickly spread to other countries. Factors inherent to dental practice, such as proximity to the patient, transmission through saliva and breath, and the generation of aerosols during procedures, place the dental team at the top of the list among the most vulnerable healthcare providers. Health authorities initially recommended only maintaining urgent and emergency care and suspending elective dental procedures. Cu...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - February 8, 2021 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The relationship between periodontite and diabetes mellitus type ii facing the new classification of periodontal diseases: literature review
ABSTRACT Periodontal disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus are considered chronic diseases that at their core have a deep relationship with inflammation. It is assumed that there is a bidirectional relationship between periodontal disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is estimated that approximately 10% of the world ’ s population is affected by periodontal disease, in its most severe form, almost the same percentage estimated for people with diabetes, which is considered a 21st century emergency. The World Workshop for the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-implant Diseases and Conditions took place from Septe...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Metal-ceramic partial fixed dentures: a retrospective study
Conclusion It was concluded that metal-ceramic prostheses have high success and survival rates, what guarantees longevity and indication of this type of prostheses in daily practice.RESUMO Objetivo As pr óteses metalocerâmicas apresentam altas taxas de sobrevivência e, por isso, são indicadas para diversos casos em reabilitação oral. Entretanto, na literatura científica, existem poucos relatos clínicos sobre os fatores que levam à fratura dessas restaurações. Diante do exposto, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar se a quantidade de elemento...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Extra-buccal surgical access for canine removal included in mandibular symphysis: case report
The objective of this work is the extraction of a lower canine with extra-oral access in an outpatient clinical setting under local anesthesia.RESUMO Dentes inclusos s ão todos os elementos dentários que chegada a época normal de seu irrompimento, permanece imerso no interior dos tecidos. Geralmente encontrados quando se observa ausência de algum dente, ou em exames radiográficos de rotina. Na presença de dentes inclusos, deve-se definir qual a melhor aborda gem de tratamento, se é cirúrgica, através de exodontias, ou por tracionamentos ortodônticos. Canin...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Aesthetic restoration using composite resin in teeth with inactive carious lesions: a conservative and predictable approach
ABSTRACT The importance of correct diagnosis, planning and treatment of dental spots is extremely important during aesthetic rehabilitation. Aesthetic requirements have become increasingly common in current society, and direct composite resin restorations are indicated due to the great advancement and increasing improvements of adhesive systems and composite resins. This work presents the clinical case of an oral aesthetic rehabilitation involving direct composite resin veneers associated with dental bleaching. The patient CSM, female, 21 years old, without systemic diseases, attended the dental clinic of the Morgana Potri...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Fused teeth in the primary dentition: clinical case report
ABSTRACT Fused teeth are a developmental anomaly involving the union of two dental germs at the crown, root or pulp. This type of anomaly occurs during intraosseous development, resulting in a morphologically irregular tooth that can affect both the primary and permanent dentition. Clinical problems involving esthetics, a lack of space and greater susceptibility to caries are often associated with fused teeth. This type of anomaly is easily confused with dental twinning, which has similar clinical features but emerges from a single dental germ. The aim of the present study was to report a clinical case of the fusion of two...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence of dental anomalies and bone alterations in children’s panoramic radiographies
Conclusion Although there was no statistically significant difference regarding sex, there was a high prevalence of anomalies and alterations in our study population, which indicates the importance of its diag nosis by means of a panoramic x-ray examination.RESUMO Objetivo Verificar a preval ência das anomalias dentárias de número, posição e forma, além da presença de alterações ósseas, por meio de radiografias panorâmicas. Métodos Levantamento das anomalias dentárias e alterações ósseas em crianças de 6 a 1...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral conditions and the impact on quality of life of morbidly obese and bariatric patients
Conclusion It concluded that bariatric patients have a higher prevalence of dental caries and the need for dental prostheses is related to the impact of oral health on the quality of life of obese patients.RESUMO Objetivo Objetivou-se avaliar preval ência de cárie, doença periodontal e edentulismo em pacientes obesos mórbidos e bariátricos e verificar o impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida. Métodos Avaliou-se 33 pacientes obesos mórbidos (G1) e 50 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica (G2). Os índices CPOD, IPC, uso e ne cessidade de pr...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Use of dental services by psychoactive substances users at the Psychosocial Alcohol and Drug Care Centers in the Greater Vitoria area, ES
Conclusion The study population showed a satisfactory utilization of the dental services offered while individuals at higher risk of crack addiction used them much less frequently.RESUMO Objetivo A utiliza ção dos serviços odontológicos no Brasil ocorre de forma desigual, apesar dos esforços para que o sistema de saúde seja universal e igualitário. Objetivou-se verificar a prevalência de utilização dos serviços odontológicos e suas associações em usuários de substâncias psicoativas dos Centros de Atenç&atild...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Do denture teeth dimensions match natural anterior teeth?
ABSTRACT Objective To compare dimensions of natural maxillary anterior teeth and several denture teeth molds and also address differences between genders. Methods A single examiner with a digital caliper measured dental casts of 41 males and 55 females in order to determine CIW (central incisor width), CIL (central incisor length) and WS (width of anterior teeth on a straight line). In addition, WC (width of anterior teeth on a curve) was measured with a flexible ruler. These parameters were also observed on three denture teeth mold charts: Premium Pala, Vivodent and Trilux. The comparison between genders was analyzed usin...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Quality of models supplied to dental laboratories for the fabrication of partial removable denture framework
Conclusion: The models evaluated presented poor quality, lack of planning and no mouth preparation. This shows the need for dental surgeons to be aware of the appropriate prosthesis models and plannings in order to ensure a satisfactory and long-term rehabilitation of the patient, as well as preserving the remaining mouth structures.RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar os modelos e planejamentos das estruturas met álicas das próteses parciais removíveis enviadas aos laboratórios de prótese dentária da cidade do Recife. Métodos Foram avaliadas as condições físicas e t...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental management of a child with a rare bone disorder: a case report with a six-year follow up
ABSTRACT Osteogenesis imperfecta is a rare genetic disorder involving abnormal type I collagen composition that compromises bone and collagen-rich tissues. Individuals with Osteogenesis imperfecta exhibit oral and systemic abnormalities, including dentinogenesis imperfect. The purpose of the review is to report a clinical case of a nine-year-old boy diagnosed with Osteogenesis Imperfecta type III, focusing on dental and occlusal aspects. The case report was developed at the outpatient clinic at the School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, in Southeastern of Brazil. The clinical oral examination reveal...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental bleaching gels do not alter the surface roughness and microhardness of feldspathic porcelain
ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate whether two different bleaching gels affect the microhardness and surface roughness of feldspathic ceramic specimens, in vitro. Methods: A total of 48 feldspathic porcelain IPS In Line (Ivoclar-Vivadent) discs (16/treatment group) were immersed in distilled water (Group I, Untreated control, UN), or treated with the bleaching gels: Opalescence (15% carbamide peroxide; OPA) and Opalescence Xtra Boost (38%hydrogen peroxide; OPAXB), for 1h or 6h daily for 14 days. Surface roughness (Ra) and microhardness (Knoop, or KNP) measurements were made before and after treatment, and data were subjected ...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Severe traumatic dental injuries and oral health related quality of life of preschool children
ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of severe traumatic dental injuries on the Oral Health related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of preschool children. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with children aged 2 to 5 years and their mothers, in Pelotas/ Brazil Southern. The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) was applied to assess the perception of mothers about children ’ s OHRQoL. Oral examination included dental trauma, categorized as absent/mild (enamel fracture only) or severe, the number of decayed, missing or restored primary teeth (dmft), and presence of...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Parental perception versus the presumption of the occurrence of dentoalveolar trauma in their children
Conclusion: It was concluded that the loss of a tooth and the risk of involvement of the permanent successor tooth germ were the main sequelae ascribed by the parents. Dentoalveolar trauma may have a detrimental effect on the social relationships of the children with others in the neighborhood, and mainly at school, and they may feel differently towards their friends on account of their appearance. Moreover, the children may experience shame or embarrassment, shyness or introversion, and sadness.RESUMO Objetivo Esta pesquisa observacional transversal objetivou verificar a percep ção de pais, frente à p...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The knowledge of undergraduate dental students and dentists about antibiotic prophylaxis in patients at risk for infective endocarditis
This study investigated the knowledge on the prevention of IE among 2nd, 3rd and 4th-year undergraduate dental students at the Escola Superior S ão Francisco de Assis (ESFA) and among dentists working in the municipality of Santa Teresa, ES, Brazil. Objective: The rationale for this study was to identify the gaps in their knowledge and raise awareness on the topic. Methods: The study was previously approved by the Research Ethics Committe e. The sample consisted of dental students who had completed the Pharmacology for Dentistry course at the ESFA, totaling 35 2nd-year students, 29 3rd-year students, and 36 4th-year...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - November 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of mechanical properties of CAD/CAM ceramic systems: literature review
ABSTRACT Computer aided design / computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems are among the most technological advanced techniques in oral rehab today. Compared with conventional techniques, they can optimize the resistance and the adaptation of dental ceramics. Thus, their indications of use have been widened, making the technique more and more well-known and widespread. Therefore, the aim of this study is to present a literature review on comparative studies of the mechanical properties of ceramic systems produced by CAD / CAM. A search for scientific articles published between 2009 and 2019, in English, Spanish or Por...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - October 26, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Reliability of a Centroid method to estimate head position in cephalometric diagnosis
The objective of this study was to 1) evaluate the reproducibility of natural head position (NHP) in different professional groups; 2) compare three cephalometric methods of estimating head position to the established natural head position and 3) investigate the applicability of a new method to estimated head position using a Centroid method. Methods The sample consisted of 105 individual cephalometric tracings and photographs. For the first evaluation, copies of the lateral photographs were reproduced for each patient and 3 professionals with different expertise (experienced orthodontists, orthodontic students and orthogn...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - October 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Influence of heat treatment on color and flexibility of nickel-titanium endodontic instruments
ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of heat treatment at different temperatures on the color and flexibility of nickel-titanium endodontic instruments. Methods Thirty-six nickel-titanium K-file endodontic instruments were divided into six groups and submitted to heat treatment at several temperatures between 450 ºC and 750ºC. The color was visually observed. Cantilever-bending tests were performed to measure the flexibility of the instruments. The data were statistically evaluated by one-way analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc comparisons. Results It was observed th...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - October 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Impact of oral and mental health over the quality of life of older people in a Family Health Unit
This study sought to analyze the impact of oral and mental health on the quality of life of older people enrolled in a Family Health Unit, as well as its associated factors. Methods This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, exploratory study, conducted through interviews. The probabilistic sample consisted of 86 older people, users of the unit, aged 60 and over, dependent or independent, from both sexes. The methodological frameworks adopted for data collection were the evaluation of oral health conditions (edentulism) and the structured interview, employing oral health perception questionnaires (SB-Brazil), the OHIP &ndash...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - October 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Development, judgment of the validity and reliability of an instrument of assessment of Oral Health Literacy among diabetics
Conclusion It is concluded that the Oral Health Literacy for Diabetics was considered valid with respect to the content an d that a general form its reliability was satisfactory. It is recommended to use the Oral Health Literacy for Diabetics in academia and in health services aiming to improve the quality of life of diabetic patients.RESUMO Objetivo Conduzir a valida ção de conteúdo e a verificação da confiabilidade de um instrumento em forma de questionário, denominado “ Alfabetiza ção em Saúde Bucal entre diabéticos ” que foi idealizado pa...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - October 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Multidisciplinary dental treatment for Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome: case report
This report aims to describe a case of an 11-year-old male patient diagnosed with Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome at 4 years of age. After the diagnosis, the child lost all deciduous teeth and sought dental service at the Federal University of Goiás 2 years ago. He is being treated using a multidisciplinary approach involving the areas of periodontics, pathology, and orthodontics to avoid loss of permanent tee th and to provide conditions for preserving the health of remaining teeth while maintaining the function and the esthetics.RESUMO A s índrome de Papillon-Lefèvre é um distúrbio gen...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 21, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Behavior and reaction of children to dental care, when submitted to play workshops before and after treatment
Conclusion Therefore, it was possible to conclude that the majority of the patients presented positive emotions at the different moments evaluated and the negative emotions were observed mainly before the ludic activities, having a reduction after the dental care. Most patients demonstrated cooperative behavior.RESUMO Objetivo Estrat égias para preparar a criança com atividades lúdicas, a fim de estabelecer uma relação amigável inicial entre paciente e dentista, são amplamente utilizadas como um meio de amenizar comportamentos inconsistentes e emoções negativas...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 21, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Influence of ibuprofen-arginine on the concentration of amoxicillin in the plasma and tissues of rats with induced periapical lesion
ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ibuprofen-arginine on the concentration of amoxycillin in the plasma and periapical tissues of rats with induced apical periodontitis. Methods Twenty-eight Wistar rats were divided into the following four groups: PL: placebo (saline); AM: amoxycillin (100 mg/kg); IB: ibuprofen-arginine (100 mg/kg); and AM+IB: amoxycillin (100 mg/kg) + ibuprofen-arginine (100 mg/kg). The animals were submitted to pulp exposure in the first lower left molar, which remained open for fifteen days; this was then closed with composite resin and remained for a further seven...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 21, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of Mercury ions on the surface of amalgam restorations after home bleaching
ABSTRACT Objective The bleaching agents may interact with restorative materials, such as dental amalgam, providing an increase mercury ions (Hg) release, whose toxic effect is known. Whereas many patients have amalgam restorations (AR) and seek bleaching treatments, the present study aimed to evaluate in vitro the amount of Hg released from AR made with spherical alloy, after being subjected to different concentrations of carbamide peroxide (CP) for home bleaching. Methods 40 class I AR were prepared in bovine teeth. Afterthe restoration, the samples were randomly allocated into 4 groups (n = 10): C (control group), CP10 (...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 21, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Availability and stability of soluble fluoride content in commercial fluoride dentifrices available in Uruguay
ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the availability and stability of soluble fluoride fraction in commercial fluoride toothpastes available in Uruguay. Methods Fourteen fluoride toothpastes from four different manufacturers were analyzed. Randomized and blinded analyses were performed in duplicate for each dentifrice at the time of purchase (fresh samples) and after 12 months of storage at room temperature (aged samples). Total fluoride and total soluble fluoride concentrations were measured using a fluoride specific electrode. Results Total fluoride concentrations in all of the products were lower th...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 21, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Sterilization methods for humam teeth
ABSTRACT Appropriate sterilization methods for dental substrate are necessary so that extracted teeth can be used in laboratory activities, since potentially pathogenic microorganisms may be present even if teeth have been cleaned. Objective Evaluating the sterilization process of human teeth performed by microwave irradiation and autoclave sterilization. Methods Fifty human premolar teeth were sectioned in two portions and distributed in two test groups: G1 - autoclave sterilization for 20 minutes, 1Kgf/cm2, at 127 ºC; G2 - Microwave irradiation in a recipient containing 100ml of distilled water, 900W for 5 minutes. ...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 21, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Anterior rehabilitation involving dental bleaching, frenectomy and composite resin: a case report
ABSTRACT This clinical report describes the treatment of a patient dissatisfied with the esthetics of the smile due to the presence of narrow teeth, yellow and the presence of diastema between teeth 11 and 21. Clinical examination revealed absence of the disocclusion guides. The treatment plan consisted in obtaining study casts, assembly in a semi-adjustable articulator and diagnostic waxing, to evaluate the possibilities of a restorative treatment. After the approved the viability of the procedure, dental bleaching was started in-office with 38% hydrogen peroxide associated with at-home bleaching with 15% carbamide peroxi...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Diagnosis and treatment of mucocele in a pediatric patient: case report
This study aims to report a clinical case of mucocele in a pediatric patient removed through total surgical excision. A 7-year-old patient accompanied by mother sought care at the Dentistry Clinic of the “ Tiradentes ” University Center (UNIT / AL), with a main complaint of asymptomatic blister in the lower lip for about 15 days. In the anamnesis, the habit of biting in the region was reported. At clinical examination, a blister with clear limits of approximately 10 mm in diameter was observed in the lower lip mucosa, with slightly firm/fibrous consistency, which gave rise to doubts about the possible diagnosis...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Multiple sialolithiasis in submandibular gland duct: a rare case report
This study aims to report the diagnosis and treatment of a rare case of multiple sialoliths located in the duct of the submandibular gland, which were surgically removed via intraoral access.RESUMO Sialolit íase é um processo patológico que acomete as glândulas salivares maiores e consiste em calcificações que obstruem o parênquima da glândula e/ou a luz dos ductos. A paciente VBB do sexo feminino, leucoderma, 37 anos, compareceu ao serviço de estomatologia com a queixa de aumento de volume do assoalho bucal esquerdo iniciado a 10 anos. Com os exames clínic...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Removal of firearm projectile from the maxillary sinus: a case report
We report a case of removal of a firearm projectile located in the maxillary sinus of a 34-year-old patient under local anesthesia.RESUMO Corpos estranhos nos seios paranasais s ão ocorrências raras que têm sido esporadicamente relatadas na literatura em todo o mundo. Projéteis de arma de fogo, punhais, facas, fragmentos de vidro, pedras, dentes e madeira podem ficar alojados nos tecidos moles e duros do rosto. O manejo e o prognóstico nesses casos dependem da composiç ão e localização do corpo estranho, bem como da presença ou ausência de infec&cced...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Guided osteotomy and implants placed with free hands for double full arch rehabilitation with immediate prosthetic loading
ABSTRACT Precise planning for dental implant placement requires appreciation of anatomical limitations and restorative purpose. Diagnosis can be made by complementary exams such as panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography. The purpose of this study was to rehabilitate the upper and lower jaw of a patient with severe periodontal disease using a guided osteotomy and implants placed with free hands and Morse taper implants. The concept of guided surgery was used to prepare the alveolar bone to place eight implants, four implants in the upper jaw and four implants in the lower jaw, all have achieved a minimum to...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Uncommon bilateral maxillary exostosis: case report
ABSTRACT Exostoses or hyperostoses are benign bony outgrowths originating from the cortical bone and depend on their location for a more precise designation. The most common types found in the oral cavity are the torus palatinus and the torus mandibularis. Buccal and palatal exostoses are located along the buccal aspect of the maxilla and/or the mandible (commonly in the premolar and molar areas) and on the palatal aspect of the maxilla (usually in the tuberosity area), respectively. The etiology of exostoses still hasn ’ t been enlightened but an interaction between environmental and genetic factors is accredited. T...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Alma Ata: Reflections and future prospects in family health strategy
ABSTRACT The International Conference on Primary Health Care, held in Alma Ata, was one of the most significant public health events in the world, where for the first time the dependency between poverty and health status was discussed and measured. Even after 40 years of its implementation, it continues to influence directly public policies related to the principles of primary care. The aim of the present study was to carry out a review of literature based on PubMed / Medline, Virtual Health Library (BVS / Bireme / WHO-PAHO) and institutional documents of Brazilian Ministry of Health, in order to point out reflections of p...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of music on reducing anxiety in children during dental treatment
Conclusion: It can be concluded that music is a non-pharmacological alternative that reduces anxiety levels in children during dental treatment.RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar o impacto da m úsica como redutor de ansiedade no atendimento odontológico de crianças. Métodos: Foram selecionadas 40 crianças na Clínica Infantil da Faculdade de Odontologia da PUC-Campinas com a faixa etária variando entre 5 a 11 anos de idade, distribuídas de forma randomizada em 2 grupos (n = 20): gr upo 1: experimental, as crianças foram submetidas à te...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Surgical complications in systemically compromised patients: analysis of 992 medical records
Conclusion: The method studied allowed concluding there was a relationship between postoperative complications and systemic changes, and the main ones were pain-hypertension, inflammation-smoking, and alveolitis-diabetes.RESUMO Objetivo: A avalia ção pré-operatória é de fundamental importância para a prevenção das complicações cirúrgicas pós-operatórias. O objetivo do presente estudo foi estabelecer um perfil quantitativo e qualitativo das enfermidades sistêmicas e relaciona-las com complicações cirúrgicas p...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Bioactive and biocompatible cement as a single element in pulpotomy of deciduous teeth: a randomized clinical trials
Conclusion: Longitudinal studies should be performed in order to demonstrate a significant association between these groups. The study was enrolled in clinical trials (clinical trials.gov) with registration NCT0320 0938.RESUMO Objetivos: A pulpotomia em dentes dec íduos mantém a integridade e a saúde dos dentes decíduos e dos tecidos de suporte, até a erupção de um dente permanente. O cimento PBS HD CIMMO® foi avaliado em pulpotomias de dentes decíduos como material de base e restauração. Um ensaio clínico randomizado foi realizado. Mét...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Can Mental Index be used on CBCT images to determine sexual dimorphism?
The objective of this study was to assess bone quality in men and women, using tomographic images Methods: A total of 78 Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) images of female and male patients were analyzed. The images were obtained from LAPI-FOUSP database, S ão Paulo, Brazil, and the Mental Index, which is a quantitative index, was evaluated on those images. The images were divided into 2 groups: Group M – Men and Group W – Women and evaluated by one examiner in two different times (T1 and T2). The data was submitted to a statistical analysis with a 95% level of significance (p
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral health of neonates: mothers’ perception of lingual frenotomy performed in a university hospital
Conclusion: The results obtained are encouraging for the hospital managers to consider, in their clinical protocols, the technique of lingual frenotomy in newborns, with a view to facilitating mothers ’ access to the procedure, qualifying breastfeeding and consequently expanding the maternal and child bond.RESUMO Objetivo: Conhecer a percep ção de mães de neonatos sobre a frenotomia lingual, realizada por um programa de atenção odontológica de um hospital universitário do Paraná. Métodos: Trata-se de pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa, desenvol...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Assessment process in dental schools: perspectives and teaching challenges
Conclusion: Teachers should establish assessment criteria guided by their teaching goals, without forgetting the profile of graduates from their institutions. Besides, assessment should encourage learning by coping with unfavorable emotions, restoring confidence and the learning ability. The course should be based on a curricular pedagogical project supported by guiding principles, in order to drive the assessment practice and avoid any seclusion.RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a vis ão dos professores sobre as dificuldades e a contribuição do processo de avaliação para o curso de graduaç...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - September 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic impacts to Dentistry
Conclusion: COVID-19 will be a milestone for the current generations of health professionals, it could also be an advance for use distance technologies and integration of new biosafety techniques.RESUMO Objetivo: Realizar uma revis ão de literatura sobre os impactos da COVID-19 na Odontologia. Métodos: Análise de artigos científicos contidos nas plataformas LILACS e PubMed que cumprissem o intuito informativo da pesquisa. Resultados: Pôde-se destacar como agente de maior periculosidade a produção de aerossóis durante os procedimentos odontológicos, a literatura ...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - August 21, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental age estimation of Jordanian children: applicability of Demirjian method
Conclusion: Demirjian method overestimated the chronological age of Jordanians below the age of 8 years and underestimated the age of Jordanians above 8 years. A new DA standard for Jordanian children was developed and tested for accuracy.RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a precis ão do método Demirjian na estimativa da idade cronológica de crianças jordanianas do sexo masculino e feminino e estabelecer uma nova curva de idade dentária, se o método Demirjian não for acurado. Métodos: Foram selecionados radiografias panorâmicas (OPTs) de 1374 crianças jordanianas c...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - August 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Restorative dental treatment in times of COVID-19
ABSTRACT Since the outbreak of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), numerous restrictive measures have been adopted by governments of different countries. The return to elective dental care in Brazil is a reality even during the COVID-19 pandemic. During restorative dental procedures, the dental professional requires close contact with the patient, being exposed to contaminated saliva and fluids. In addition, transmission of COVID-19 by the generation of aerosol produced by dental handipieces may be possible. Thus, the dental staff must know ho...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - July 6, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Sclerotherapy as treatment of lingual hemangioma: clinical case report
ABSTRACT Hemangioma is a benign neoplasm characterized by abnormal proliferation of blood vessels. It is mainly located in the head and neck region, especially in the tongue, jugal mucosa, and lips. The main complaints of patients concern esthetic and functional issues, and the diagnosis is made through clinical examination and semio-technical maneuvers. Hemangioma has a wide range of treatment options, and there should be an individual analysis of each case for a more efficient therapeutic choice. Sclerotherapy as a treatment method for hemangioma provides a noninvasive, low cost intervention with satisfactory resolution ...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - June 17, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Individual biosafety barrier in dentistry: an alternative in times of covid-19. Preliminary study
ABSTRACT The return to dental practice in pandemic times is a new challenge due to the generation and dispersion of droplets and aerosols that may contain the SARS-CoV-2 virus, the etiological agent of covid-19. In the last months some droplet and aerosol containment strategies have been circulating on the internet, however, until now there is no evidence in the literature to prove the effectiveness of such barriers. Thus, using a microbial dispersion model with the fast handpiece, the aim of this preliminary study was to compare the dispersion caused by the the dental drill (DD) alone or in association with an individual ...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - June 17, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Current alternatives in the prevention and treatment of xerostomia in cancer therapy
ABSTRACT In the last decades, there has been a substantial increase in the occurrence of cancer. The most commonly used treatment for this disease involves surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. These treatment modalities are associated with different kinds of side effects, acute or late. Xerostomia is one of the main oral complications that affect patients undergoing antineoplastic treatments, mainly head and neck cancer patients. It is characterized by a “ dry mouth ” sensation resulting from decreased salivary flow. It is persistent and affects the integrity of oral tissues, thereby significantly affecting ...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - May 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The health professionals’ perception related to the importance of the dental surgeon in the Intensive Care Unit
Conclusion The study concluded that the professionals emphasize the importance of CD in the multidisciplinary team of ICUs to ensure comprehensive and comprehensive treatment of the patient, promoting the possibility of an accurate diagnosis, ad-equate prevention, prognosis and improvement in the quality of life of these individuals.RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a percep ção dos profissionais de UTI sobre a importância do cirurgião-dentista em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Método Pesquisa descritiva, abordagem quanti-qualitativa. Participaram 22 pessoas com idade a partir de 22 anos que trabalha...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - May 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental care for children with Congenital Zika Syndrome
ABSTRACT There was a large increase in the number of newborns with microcephaly in Brazil between 2015 and 2017, mainly in the Northeast. This increase was associated with intrauterine Zika virus infection, which causes a congenital syndrome characterized by neurological, musculoskeletal, and sensory abnormalities. Despite the great worldwide repercussion, few studies about oral conditions in children with the syndrome have been published. This work aims to propose a guide for the dental care of these individuals on the basis of a literature review. Children with congenital Zika syndrome have a number of systemic comorbidi...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - April 22, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Sickle cell disease: knowledge and clinical practice of dental surgeons at Family Health Units
Conclusion: Regarding clinical practice, 71.8% said they would treat patients with SCD; however, 67.7% had never done that. Most dentists felt confident of performing dental procedures (82%) and their major difficulty was their lack of knowledge about the disease (57.1%). The findings suggest the need for the implementation of public policies for improving the qualification of dental surgeons who work in primary healthcare, thus minimizing risks during the dental care of SCD patients.RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo analisa o conhecimento e a atua ção sobre doença falciforme de cirurgiões-dentistas ...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - April 22, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Implant- and tooth-supported removable partial dentures: a case report
This study aimed to report treatment of a patient with Kennedy ’ s class l maxillary and class II mandibular arch with removable partial dentures supported on an external hexagon (HE) anterior type implant of regular diameter fitted with an O ’ ring type of attachment. This clinical case reports the oral rehabilitation of a senile patient whose clinical examination revealed missing dentition in the upper and lower arches, attrition of the lower anterior teeth, caries, and motor impairment affecting hygiene, mastication, and esthetic functions. Due to few severely impaired teeth, the pre-prosthetic preparation i...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - April 22, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research