Educational institutions as a field for speech-language-hearing research: an analysis of publications in brazilian journals
Conclusion: national speech-language-hearing research conducted in educational institutions has privileged practices in the fields of language and voice, in elementary school, with students and teachers.RESUMO Objetivo: analisar e caracterizar as publica ções fonoaudiológicas que têm como campo instituições de ensino brasileiras. Métodos: houve o acesso nas páginas de todas as revistas ativas e inativas da Fonoaudiologia nacional para análise dos títulos e resumos de todos os artigos que remetiam à pesquisa em instituições de ensino. ...
Source: Revista CEFAC - May 8, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Ankyloglossia and breastfeeding: what is the evidence of association between them?
Conclusions: ankyloglossia may be related to impaired breastfeeding. The standardization of instruments for the diagnosis of ankyloglossia is necessary to improve the evidence in future research.RESUMO Objetivo: investigar as evid ências científicas na literatura sobre a relação entre a anquiloglossia e as dificuldades no aleitamento materno. Métodos: tratou-se de uma revisão integrativa. Foram realizadas buscas nas bases de dados Medline e Pubmed, utilizando os descritores em associação: “ anquiloglossia ” , “ rec ém-nascido ” e “ ...
Source: Revista CEFAC - May 8, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

The influence of the bimodal stimulation on the auditory ability of temporal ordering
ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze temporal ordering auditory ability in unilateral cochlear implant users with bimodal stimulation. Methods: the study included 15 unilateral cochlear implant users, six with bimodal stimulation and nine with exclusive cochlear implant and a control group consisting of 15 hearing individuals. Both groups underwent the standard duration and the standard frequency tests for temporal ordering auditory ability analysis. In the inferential analysis of the data, the nonparametric statistical tests Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis were used (p
Source: Revista CEFAC - May 8, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Tele-education applied to human communication health to cope with triple epidemics in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil: an experience report
Conclusion: the implementation of the tele-education service had repercussions on statewide views and was approved by 100% of the participants, constituting a promising, easily accessible, comprehensive proposal in the continued education of health professionals working in primary care and at Family Health Support Centers.RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o processo de implanta ção de sessões de tele-educação para os profissionais que atuam na Atenção Primária à Saúde e nos Núcleos de Apoio à Saúde da Família, com temáticas volt...
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 17, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Effects of chemotherapy on the auditory system of children with cancer: a systematic literature review
Conclusion: there is evidence that both carboplatin and especially cisplatin from the first doses may impair the hearing of children and adolescents, mainly affecting the cochlear function, thus, the importance of long-term audiological monitoring.RESUMO Objetivo: identificar e analisar os efeitos da quimioterapia no sistema auditivo de crian ças e/ou adolescentes com câncer tratados com cisplatina e carboplatina, avaliados por meio de procedimentos audiológicos padronizados. Métodos: buscou-se por estudos nos idiomas português brasileiro e inglês, disponíveis nas bases de dado...
Source: Revista CEFAC - February 17, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Auditory training methods in children with psychiatric diagnosis: an integrative literature review
Conclusion: the heterogeneity of auditory training techniques diversified the results. However, it seems there is a potential for recommending auditory training in the reviewed population.RESUMO Objetivo: identificar as abordagens de treinamento auditivo utilizadas na popula ção infantil com diagnósticos psiquiátricos, caracterizar os contextos de intervenção, protocolos e discernimento dos desfechos. Métodos: busca realizada em quatro bases de dados, utilizando as expressões fixas “ auditory training ” OR “ auditory rehabilitation ” e, quanto ...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Diseases and symptoms associated with changes in postural balance in diabetics: an integrating literature review
Conclusion: the subjects in the studied articles presented cardiovascular alterations, peripheral neuropathy, vestibular symptoms, difficulties in tasks/movements in challenging contexts, and falls.RESUMO Objetivo: verificar doen ças e sintomas associados às alterações do equilíbrio postural em indivíduos de meia-idade e idosos com Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura. A busca foi realizada a partir dos descritores: “ Dizziness ” , “ Vertigo ” , “ Vestibular Diseases ” , “ Labyri...
Source: Revista CEFAC - July 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Teaching of Portuguese to the deaf: an integrative literature review
Conclusion: the deaf still face several barriers for acquiring the written Portuguese language, however, the scholars, from their field of action, propose some strategies which can contribute to overcome them, such as: policy review, early acquisition of Libras, use of digital technologies in the classroom.RESUMO Objetivo: identificar as contribui ções das pesquisas científicas com vistas à superação das barreiras no processo de ensino e aprendizagem da Língua Portuguesa escrita para estudantes surdos. Métodos: foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatur...
Source: Revista CEFAC - April 29, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Tinnitus and its relationship with anxiety and depression in the elderly: a systematic review
Conclusion: few studies compared the relationship between the variables among the elderly. A probable association between the variables for both genders has been found, suggesting that the advancing age contributes to the increase of tinnitus severity and its psychological symptoms, affecting the quality of life of these individuals. Further studies are suggested to confirm the association between tinnitus, anxiety and depression in the elderly. Multi-professional work is important for the evaluation and treatment of these people.RESUMO Objetivo: verificar na literatura uma prov ável associação do zumb...
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Brazilian legislation and the school inclusion of individuals with communication disorders
Conclusion: despite the significant number of norms, the current Brazilian legislation does not allow for real school inclusion. Individuals with communication disorders do not have a specific legislation that could guide the peculiarities of each disorder, as well as their sp ecial educational needs. Thus, it was concluded that these individuals need legal support respecting their specificities, to allow their effective school inclusion.RESUMO Objetivo: verificar se a legisla ção brasileira vigente garante a efetiva inclusão escolar do indivíduo com distúrbios da comunicaçã...
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 14, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

LEGO® therapy as an intervention in autism spectrum disorders: an integrative literature review
Conclusion: LEGO® therapy is an intervention that favors motivation, interaction, and teamwork using a material that allows a variety of strategies, which have shown proven positive effects on the development of c hildren with ASD.RESUMO Objetivo: o objetivo desta revis ão integrativa é analisar os efeitos da LEGO® Terapia como uma técnica de intervenção nas desordens do Transtorno do Espectro Autista, levantando informações sobre uma técnica de intervenção nos mesmos método terapêutico. Metódos: foi realizada uma pesquisa nas...
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Curricular intervention protocol for teaching learners with Autism Spectrum Disorder: an integrative review
Conclusion: the Brazilian scenario is that of absent instruments, which may interfere with the quality of inclusive education in Brazil.RESUMO Objetivo: realizar uma revis ão integrativa de artigos científicos indexados em bases de dados nacionais e internacionais sobre instrumentos de intervenção curricular escolar, que favoreça os aspectos linguísticos, traduzidos e adaptados para o Português Brasileiro para o ensino de indivíduos com o Transtorno do Espectr o Autista. Métodos: foi realizado um levantamento de estudos científicos indexados nas bases de ...
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

ERRATUM: Analysis of softwares for emotion recognition in children and teenagers with autism spectrum disorder
Conclusion: studies with software programs focused on ASD intervention allow future research efforts in the diagnosis and intervention of this disorder. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - February 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Analysis of softwares for emotion recognition in children and teenagers with autism spectrum disorder
Conclusion: studies with software programs focused on ASD intervention allow future research efforts in the diagnosis and intervention of this disorder. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - February 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Relationship between dizziness and learning difficulties in schoolchildren: an integrative review
Conclusion: the results of this integrative review showed a low level of scientific evidence on the relationship between dizziness and academic achievement in childhood. It is important to emphasize the importance of improving study design to better understand their relationship, to allow provision of the best preventive, assessment, and intervention methods.RESUMO Objetivo: verificar o n ível de evidência científica da relação entre a tontura e a aprendizagem em crianças. Métodos: a pesquisa foi realizada a partir dos seguintes descritores: “ dizziness ” , &ldquo...
Source: Revista CEFAC - February 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Orofacial myofunctional evaluation in cleft lip and palate: an integrative literature review
Conclusion: speech was the prevalent theme, while other orofacial functions were poorly investigated, demonstrating that studies with other approaches were lacking.RESUMO Objetivo: identificar o enfoque das publica ções científicas na área de motricidade orofacial em indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina, bem como os protocolos validados utilizados na avaliação fonoaudiológica. Métodos: estudo realizado a partir das bases de dados: Medline, Scielo, Lilacs e ferramenta Google Acadêmico, por meio dos d escritores: fissura palatina + fenda labial + avalia&cce...
Source: Revista CEFAC - February 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Unilateral hearing loss and the use of hearing aid: speech recognition, benefit, self-perception of functional performance and satisfaction
Conclusion: although showing benefits in speech recognition, in silence and in noise, and satisfaction with sound amplification, most subjects with unilateral hearing loss do not effectively use hearing aids.RESUMO Objetivo: investigar o reconhecimento de fala no sil êncio e no ruído de sujeitos com perda auditiva unilateral, sem e com prótese auditiva, e analisar o benefício, autopercepção do desempenho funcional, satisfação e o uso de prótese auditiva nestes sujeitos. Métodos: foram avaliados 11 adultos, com perda auditiva unilateral, do tipo mista ou n...
Source: Revista CEFAC - February 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Knowledge and experience of Family Health Team professionals in providing healthcare for deaf people
Conclusion: the relational dimension is fundamental in developing individual therapy plans. From this perspective, the communication barriers that deaf people face can compromise the necessary bonding for healthcare, which may adversely affect early diagnosis, timely treatment, and adherence to required treatment.RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a comunica ção na perspectiva dos profissionais de Equipes de Saúde da Família para atendimento a pessoas surdas. Métodos: trata-se estudo transversal que abarcou todas as 39 equipes de Unidades de Saúde da Família da zona urbana e rural. Re...
Source: Revista CEFAC - February 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Phonological awareness training and reading gains in a child with Williams Syndrome: a case report
ABSTRACT Williams syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder with different manifestations caused by a heterozygous segmental deletion of 1.55-1.83Mb at chromosomal band 7q11.23. The Williams syndrome phenotype is characterized by intellectual deficiency and expressive learning deficits, with impairments in phonological awareness skills. The aim of the study was to verify the effects of an intervention in phonological awareness and grammar teaching, for the acquisition of reading skills and literacy indicators in a child with Williams Syndrome. A case of a 6-year old girl, enrolled in the first year of Elementary School, wa...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Speech therapy intervention in a teenager with autism spectrum disorder: a case report
The objective of this study was to characterize the severity of Autism Spectrum Disorder in an adolescent, pre-and post-speech-language therapy, and describe the process of speech-language intervention using Picture Exchange Communication System allied to the principles of behavioral analysis applied to language. The Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist with the parents was applied. Then, a therapeutic program of 14 sessions of 50 minutes was developed, one per week, and then the questionnaire was reapplied. In the course of the therapeutic process, it was possible to observe an increase in the number of figure exchanges ...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Listening effort and working memory capacity in hearing impaired individuals: an integrative literature review
Conclusion:the findings of this review allow us to infer that this paradigm is sensitive to measure the listening effort, considering the different instruments used and the population assessed.RESUMO Objetivo: revisar a literatura sobre os m étodos comportamentais de avaliação do esforço auditivo e a capacidade de memória operacional recomendados para deficientes auditivos. Métodos: foi desenvolvida por meio da busca de artigos em periódicos nacionais e internacionais, em inglês e português, disponíveis na Pubmed/Medline, bib lioteca Cochrane, Biblioteca V...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Profile of reading difficulties in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a literature review
Conclusion: these results corroborate other studies that have verified the presence of a deficit in academic performance, especially in reading skills, in individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, that may persist in their adulthood.RESUMO Objetivo: caracterizar as altera ções de leitura presentes em indivíduos com Transtorno do Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade. Métodos: foram realizadas buscas de publicações nas plataformas PubMed e SciELO de 2006 a 2016 com as palavras-chaves “ leitura ” e “ transtorno do d éficit ...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Respiratory muscle training outcomes on swallowing biomechanics and respiratory function measures in normal subjects
ABSTRACT Purpose: to verify the outcomes of respiratory muscle training (RMT) with flow-oriented incentive spirometer on respiratory function measurements and their relationship with the swallowing biomechanics variables. Methods: 29 subjects underwent training for seven consecutive days (three sets of ten repetitions for inspiration and expiration). The swallowing biomechanics was assessed by video fluoroscopy, using as temporal variable the pharyngeal transit time and as visuoperceptual variables the number of swallows, residues in pyriform sinuses and valleculae, and penetration/aspiration. Respiratory function measurem...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Osmolality analysis of human milk and an infant formula with modified viscosity for use in infants with dysphagia
Conclusion: the osmolality of diets varied over time and according to the concentration of thickener in human milk and the infant formula. However, the observed variation remained within the recommended parameters, indicating that rice cereal is a safe thickener for the feeding of infants presented with mild or moderate oropharyngeal dysphagia.RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o efeito do agente espessante na osmolalidade do leite humano e da f órmula infantil em relação às concentrações e ao efeito do tempo. Métodos: foram realizados 6 ensaios para avaliar a osmolalidade, ao natural...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Self-perception of surface hydration effect on teachers’ voice quality: an intervention study
Conclusion: surface hydration with saline solution promoted self-perceived improvement in vocal quality.RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar os efeitos da hidrata ção da superfície na qualidade vocal, segundo a autopercepção dos professores. Métodos: estudo de intervenção pré-teste e pós-teste, cego ao examinador, com grupo único de 27 professores. Foram avaliadas características sociodemográficas e do trabalho, por meio de questionário estrutu rado, e aplicados os instrumentos Índice de Triagem para Distúrbio de Voz, Escala...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Voice and swallowing implications in patients with tumors in their mediastinum
Conclusion: patients with tumors in the mediastinum have significant impairments in voice and swallowing functions, especially when they are located in the anterior mediastinal region and Hodgkin lymphomas.RESUMO Objetivo: verificar as implica ções na voz e na deglutição em pacientes com diagnóstico de tumores localizados no mediastino. Métodos: o estudo foi realizado em 21 indivíduos com idades entre 18 e 60 anos, com diagnóstico de tumores localizado no mediastino. A coleta de dados foi realizada nos ambulatórios de Oncologia Clínica, OncoHematologia e...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Social representations of health professionals about terminally ill children and adolescents
Conclusion: the social representations of health professionals about terminally ill children and adolescents are associated with the situations being experienced, the strategies developed to deal with these moments in the exercise of the profession, and the consequences that this experience causes in the health professionals.RESUMO Objetivo: compreender as representa ções sociais dos profissionais de saúde sobre a terminalidade infantojuvenil. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo de abordagem qualitativa, do tipo exploratório descritivo, realizado com 10 profissionais de saúde, seleciona...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Perception of elderly singers on the promotion of vocal health
Conclusion: the dialog between the participants made the understanding possible on the role of voice, permeating aspects related to the physiology, functionality and emotion in the participants' perception.RESUMO Objetivo: verificar a percep ção dos idosos participantes de um grupo de canto acerca da promoção da saúde da voz. Métodos: estudo de cunho qualitativo articulado com o Itinerário de Pesquisa de Paulo Freire, que consiste em três momentos dialéticos: investigação temática, codificação e descodificação, e ...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences in Workers’ Health Reference Centres in Brazil
Conclusion: this study describes and examines the incipient inclusion of SLH professionals in CEREST, providing evidence that indicates regional inequalities and reveals that, despite generally working in health surveillance activities, there remain units where the SLH professionals are only dedicated to specialized care.RESUMO Objetivo: investigar a presen ça do fonoaudiólogo na equipe dos Centros de Referência em Saúde do Trabalhador (Cerest) do Brasil, sua distribuição e características de sua inserção e das ações desenvolvidas. Métodos: ...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Diagnosis of health care actions: a territorial analysis from the user’s perspective
Conclusion: from the perspective of the user, the activities developed fulfilled their expectations about community actions related to health promotion; the results also show that the participants are aware of the actions developed in the city and their significant effectiveness for habits changes. However, the data demonstrate centralized activities that require a re-signification of practices through permanent education on health promotion.RESUMO Objetivo: descrever o desenvolvimento de a ções comunitárias de saúde sob a ótica do usuário. Métodos: estudo descritivo realiza...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

A comparative study on phonological acquisition and performance in phonological awareness by children exposed to a bilingual or monolingual family environment
ABSTRACT Objective: to verify and compare phonological acquisition and performance in phonological awareness tasks among children exposed to a bilingual (Brazilian Portuguese and German) or monolingual family environments (Brazilian Portuguese). Methods: a sample of 32 children of both sexes aged 5 years were divided into the bilingual group (13 children), who lived daily with people who spoke German and Portuguese, and the monolingual group (19 children), who lived daily with people who spoke only the Portuguese language. Phonological acquisition and phonological awareness skills were assessed using protocols standardized...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Memory performance, oral comprehension and learning process between children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and children with anxiety disorder
Conclusion: children with ADHD and anxiety disorder showed various altered cognitive skills, although group comparison revealed that children with ADHD exhibited worse cognitive performance.RESUMO Objetivo: comparar os aspectos de mem ória, aprendizagem e compreensão oral entre crianças com Transtorno do Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade - ADHD e com Transtorno de Ansiedade - AD. Métodos: participaram 32 crianças (7-10 anos) divididas em: G1 - diagnóstico de ADHD e G2 - diagnóstico de AD. No momento da aplicação de stes instrumentos as cr...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Is training of the lingual musculature necessary to treat orofacial functions?
(Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 12, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Cochlear implant in a child diagnosed with Dandy-Walker Syndrome Variant: a study case
This study aimed to report the case of a male patient aged 4.5 clinically diagnosed with Dandy-Walker Syndrome variant, a cochlear implant user, who was referred to rehabilitation services and followed up by a multidisciplinary team. The patient underwent therapy assisted by an audiologist/speech therapist and a physiotherapist between June 2016 and December 2016, totaling 20 sessions, with emphasis on the Aurioral approach. His evolution regarding hearing and motor abilities was evaluated through standardized instruments that helped to catalogue the patient ’ s evolution and responses in an empirical way. The develo...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Physiological methods as indexes of listening effort measurement: an integrative literature review
Conclusion: there is no consensus among the researchers about the best physiological method to measure this parameter, that is, this effort in the speech perception tasks, although the level of skin conductance is considered the most accurate measure to date.RESUMO Objetivo: revisar a literatura cient ífica e apresentar os instrumentos e métodos existentes para a avaliação objetiva do esforço auditivo em indivíduos normo-ouvintes no cenário mundial. Métodos: esta foi uma revisão integrativa de literatura cujo intuito foi reunir e resumir o conhecimento cient&ia...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Management of the risk of bronchoaspiration in patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia
ABSTRACT Objective: to manage the risk of bronchoaspiration in patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia through signalizing plates in the hospital bed. Methods: a descriptive, quantitative study, developed in the medical clinic I (diagnostic investigation), medical clinic II (infectology / pneumology), surgical clinics and intensive care unit of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Sergipe, from February to August 2017. It was composed of patients in the age group ≥ 18 years of age, of both sexes, diagnosed with oropharyngeal dysphagia, based on the application of the adapted protocol of clinical evaluation...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Factors associated with vocal health and quality of life in teachers/professors
Conclusion: although these teachers present vocal complaints, they do not reflect in the limitation of the quality of life.RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a associa ção de sintomas vocais autorreferidos com aspectos pessoais, ocupacionais, clínicos e relacionar com a qualidade de vida de professores da rede federal de ensino profissional e tecnológico. Métodos: estudo com 157 docentes de uma instituição pública federal de educação profissional e tecn ológica, que responderam aos questionários World Health Organization Quality Of Life/bref (WHOQOL...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Workers of the hospital maintenance sector: protection, hearing symptoms and noise exposure
Conclusion: the hearing protector was worn by 59.7% of the workers, the plug model was the most used (47.4%) and 75.8% reported that occupational noise decreased with the use of hearing protectors. Most workers use hearing protection and have no hearing symptoms. However, the presence of symptoms such as otalgia (8.8%), otorrhea (5.3%), dizziness (14.0%), tinnitus (17.5%) and difficulty in speech comprehension (7, 0%) should be pointed out. Noise assessment showed high levels from some maintenance machinery, representing a risk for hearing. The sectors of the woodwork and metalwork were the noisiest.RESUMO Objetivo: invest...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Relationship between cognitive and sociodemographic aspects and verbal fluency of active elderly
Conclusion: the cognitive aspects analyzed through the MMSE were influenced by sociodemographic variables and the VFT. These aspects may contribute to the knowledge and monitoring of the cognitive aspects of those who participate in community groups.RESUMO Objetivo: relacionar os aspectos cognitivos com os dados sociodemogr áficos e a fluência verbal de idosos ativos de um município do sul do Brasil. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico realizado com 386 idosos cadastrados em grupos de convivência do referido município. Os dados foram coletados por meio da utiliza&cce...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Analysis of the expansion of supply and demand of Speech-Language Pathology/Audiology courses in Brazil between 1994 and 2014
Conclusion: regional inequality in the distribution of Speech-Language Pathology/Audiology courses in Brazil, greater participation of the private sector and a progressive increase of the public sector are verified.RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a oferta de cursos, vagas, n úmero de ingressantes e concluintes em Fonoaudiologia no Brasil entre 1994 e 2014, bem como o número de candidatos por vaga e a relação de concluintes por milhão de habitantes. Métodos: busca na plataforma do Sistema de Indicadores das Graduações em Saúde para obtenção do núm...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Posterior lingual frenulum in infants: occurrence and maneuver for visual inspection
Conclusion: the occurrence of posterior lingual frenulum was high and the special maneuver consisted in elevating and pushing the tongue back proved to be efficient to visualize the posterior lingual frenulum.RESUMO Objetivos: verificar a ocorr ência do frênulo lingual posterior ou submucoso, bem como, avaliar a eficiência de uma manobra que possibilita sua visualização. Métodos: estudo experimental realizado com 1715 lactentes saudáveis, sendo considerados como critérios de exclusão a prema turidade, as complicações perinatais , a presença de...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Speech production assessment of mouth breathing children with hypertrophy of palatines and/or pharyngeal tonsils
Conclusion: mouth breathing children present more alterations of speech sounds than those presented with no respiratory alteration, regardless of the age group, being more common in male children.RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a produ ção dos sons da fala de crianças com diagnóstico de respiração oral com hipertrofia de tonsilas palatinas e/ou faríngeas e compará-las ao grupo de crianças sem alterações respiratórias, além de associar a idade e sexo. Métodos: pesquisa do tipo observacional, analítica, transversal, quantitativa...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Orofacial myofunctional characteristics of oral and oronasal breathers
Conclusion: when comparing the groups of oral and oronasal breathers, in relation to the variables of the AMIOFE protocol, no statistically significant difference was seen between these two groups, which allows the conclusion that the orofacial myofunctional behavior between oral and oronasal breathers in this research, was similar.RESUMO Objetivo: comparar as vari áveis do Protocolo de Avaliação Miofuncional Orofacial com Escores entre respiradores nasais, orais e oronasais. Métodos: amostra constituída por três grupos distintos subdivididos em respiradores nasais, orais e oronasai...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Pain threshold, sleep quality and anxiety levels in individuals with temporomandibular disorders
Conclusion: individuals presented with TMD show lower levels of pain threshold, sleep quality and anxiety, as compared to healthy subjects. These results do not depend on the type of disorder presented.RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o limiar de dor, qualidade do sono e n íveis de ansiedade em iindivíduos com diferentes tipos de disfunções temporomandibulares. Métodos: estudo controlado, observacional transversal. Foi utilizado o Research Diagnostic Criteria e os voluntários foram divididos em três grupos: Grupo A-disfunção muscular (n=15), Grupo B-disfunç &atil...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Vectoelectronystagmography in children with dyslexia and learning disorder
Conclusion: in general, there are differences among the groups in the vectoelectronystagmography, which indicated slower tracking and vestibulo-ocular reflex in children with dyslexia and learning disorders.RESUMO Objetivo: descrever e comparar os resultados das provas oculares (sac ádicos, rastreio, e optocinético) da vectoeletronistagmografia entre os grupos com dislexia, transtorno de aprendizagem e controle. Métodos: participaram deste estudo 28 estudantes do sexo masculino e feminino, com idade entre 8 e 11 anos. Foram divididos em três grupos, sendo Grupo I: Dez esco lares com Dislexia, Gru...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Exposure of tobacco farm working mothers to pesticides and the effects on the infants’ auditory health
Conclusion: effects on the hearing health of infants of female tobacco farm workers and other farm workers exposed to pesticides were not found in this research. Further studies on this theme are suggested.RESUMO Objetivo: verificar e comparar a conduta das agricultoras e fumicultoras com rela ção ao uso de agrotóxicos após a descoberta da gestação e os efeitos na audição do lactente. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo observacional analítico transversal. Participaram do estudo 59 mães trabalhadoras rurais, sendo 25 fumicultoras (Grupo F) e 34 agricul...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic analysis of lateral liquids and coronal fricatives: judgment of experienced and non-experienced judges
Conclusion: the accuracy in the judgment of the US images did not vary according to the experience of judges, but it was dependent on the sound class. It should be noted, however, that all judges presented previous knowledge about the processes of speech production which may have favored image interpretation.RESUMO Objetivo: verificar se a acur ácia no julgamento das imagens ultrassonográficas (US) varia em função da experiência dos juízes e da classe sonora - líquidas alveolares e fricativas coronais. Métodos: imagens ultrassonográficas relativas à produ...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Spelling performance of students with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Conclusion: evidence showed that the presence ofAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorderinfluenced the spelling performance of the students evaluated.RESUMO Objetivo: caracterizar e comparar o desempenho ortogr áfico de estudantes com e sem Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade. Métodos: amostra composta de 244 alunos brasileiros de 3° ao 5° ano, de três escolas públicas (189 sem e 55 com transtorno), de ambos os sexos, avaliados por meio de um ditado de palavras por meio da classific ação em tipos de erros ortográficos. O desempenho m...
Source: Revista CEFAC - August 20, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Mandibular coronoid process hyperplasia: a case report
ABSTRACT Coronoid Process Hyperplasia is a rare condition characterized by the increase in size of a histologically normal bone. It can be confused with Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction, due to the presence of major signs/symptoms, including the limitation of mouth opening, pain, and facial asymmetry. Although several theories have been proposed, the etiology remains unknown. The recommended treatment is mandibular coronoidectomy. In the present study, the importance of computed tomography to reach the proper diagnosis and the surgical treatment plan is demonstrated.RESUMO A hiperplasia do processo coron óide &ea...
Source: Revista CEFAC - June 28, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Clinical intervention studies of orofacial motricity: an analysis of the methodological quality of brazilian studies
Conclusion: the randomized controlled trials in the area of orofacial motricity are scarce in Brazilian literature, suggesting that studies in this area adopting this research design should be expanded and their quality should be improved to promote clinical practice based on scientific evidence.RESUMO Objetivo: objetivou-se avaliar a qualidade metodol ógica dos ensaios clínicos publicados em periódicos brasileiros. Métodos: trata-se de uma pesquisa bibliográfica sistemática. Participaram quatro pesquisadores independentes treinados que realizaram um levantamento dos últimos...
Source: Revista CEFAC - June 28, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research