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Factitious disorder (Munchausen's syndrome) in oncology: case report and literature review
ConclusionsPsychosocial clinicians working in oncology settings should be aware of the complexities of diagnosing factitious disorder in cancer settings where empathy is prominent and suspicion unusual. Moreover, comorbidity can cloud the diagnosis (in this case substance abuse), and, even when accurately diagnosed, there are no evidence‐based management approaches to offer to the patient. What seems to linger most after the patient is discharged, usually in a huff, are strong counter‐transference feelings and substantial medical bills. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - July 14, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Muhammad R. Baig, Tomer T. Levin, Wendy G. Lichtenthal, Patrick J. Boland, William S. Breitbart Tags: Paper Source Type: research

The relationship of health behaviors with sleep and fatigue in transplant caregivers
The objective of this study is to examine the relationship of health behaviors with sleep quality and fatigue in transplant caregivers. MethodsData were analyzed from a cross‐sectional survey of 78 caregivers of patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Measures included: Health‐Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP‐II), Brief Symptom Inventory (Distress), Caregiver Reaction Assessment (Caregiver Burden), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the Multidimensional Fatigue Symptom Inventory Short‐Form. ResultsControlling for age, gender, BMI, burden and distress, health behaviors predicted ...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - July 14, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: A. Ross, L. Yang, S. D. Klagholz, L. Wehrlen, M. F. Bevans Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of current smoking among medical oncology outpatients
DiscussionA minority of cancer patients reported continued smoking at an average time of 13 months post‐diagnosis. Patients, who are younger, have been diagnosed with lung cancer and have lower socioeconomic status are at‐risk groups and represent important targets for smoking cessation advice and intervention. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - July 14, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tim Regan, Mariko Carey, Jamie Bryant, Amy Waller, Elise Mansfield, Freddy Sitas, Elizabeth Tracey Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Factors associated with quality of life among family caregivers of terminally ill cancer patients
ConclusionEmotional distress of FCs was the most important factor determining the overall and negative aspects of FCs' QOL, whereas various environmental factors were associated with positive coping. Appropriate support programs directed at these factors are needed to maintain and improve FCs' QOL. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - July 7, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Youn Seon Choi, Sun Wook Hwang, In Cheol Hwang, Yong Ju Lee, Young Sung Kim, Hyo Min Kim, Chang Ho Youn, Hong Yup Ahn, Su‐Jin Koh Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Factors influencing cancer treatment decision‐making by indigenous peoples: a systematic review
ConclusionAlthough existing research identified multiple factors influencing decision‐making, this review identified that quality studies in this domain are scarce. There is scope for further investigation, both into decision‐making factors and into the subsequent design of culturally appropriate programmes and services that meet the needs of indigenous peoples. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - July 7, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Rona Tranberg, Susan Alexander, Deborah Hatcher, Sandra Mackey, Shaouli Shahid, Lynda Holden, Cannas Kwok Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Everyday life as a bridge over troubled water
(Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - July 7, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Pär Salander Tags: Clinical Correspondence Source Type: research

A tsunami of unmet needs: pancreatic and ampullary cancer patients' supportive care needs and use of community and allied health services
ConclusionVery high levels of needs were reported by people with pancreatic or ampullary cancer. Future work needs to elucidate why uptake of appropriate supportive care is low and which services are required. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 29, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Vanessa L. Beesley, Monika Janda, David Goldstein, Helen Gooden, Neil D. Merrett, Dianne L. O'Connell, Ingrid J. Rowlands, David Wyld, Rachel E. Neale Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Cancer and Treatment Distress (CTXD) measure in hematopoietic cell transplantation patients
ConclusionsThe CTXD is a reliable and valid measure of distress for HCT recipients and captures nearly all cases of depression on the CESD in addition to detecting distress in those who are not depressed. It has potential value as both a research and clinical screening measure for distress. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 29, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Karen L. Syrjala, Jean C. Yi, Shelby L. Langer Tags: Paper Source Type: research

An Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) group intervention for cancer survivors experiencing anxiety at re‐entry
(Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 29, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Joanna J. Arch, Jill L. Mitchell Tags: Clinical Correspondence Source Type: research

Peer mentorship to promote physical activity among cancer survivors: effects on quality of life
Abstract ObjectivePhysical activity (PA) adoption can improve quality of life (QOL) and related outcomes among breast cancer survivors. To disseminate a telephone‐based PA intervention to cancer survivors, we partnered with the American Cancer Society's Reach To Recovery program (RTR) whose volunteers (breast cancer survivors) provide information and emotional support to breast cancer survivors. MethodThis randomized controlled trial compared the effects of PA telephone counseling delivered by RTR volunteers (PA Plus RTR) versus a contact control condition (RTR Control) in six New England states. RTR volunteers (n&thinsp...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 25, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Bernardine Pinto, Kevin Stein, Shira Dunsiger Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Cancer survivors in the first year after treatment: the prevalence and correlates of unmet needs in different domains
ConclusionsThe heterogeneity in unmet needs complicates the provision of adequate support for survivors. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 25, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Roy A. Willems, Catherine A. W. Bolman, Ilse Mesters, Iris M. Kanera, Audrey A. J. M. Beaulen, Lilian Lechner Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Ureteral obstruction in cancer patients: a qualitative study
(Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 22, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Amanika Kumar, Lance Mynderse, Krishna Patel, Megan Grudem, Jamie Bakkum‐Gamez, Sherri Longenbach, Matthew S. Block, Henry C. Pitot, Vesna Garovic, S. John Weroha, Aminah Jatoi Tags: Clinical Correspondence Source Type: research

Women's beliefs about breast cancer causation in a breast cancer case–control study
Abstract ObjectiveOur study sought to ascertain women's beliefs about breast cancer risk factors and whether these beliefs differed by demographic factors and personal and family history of breast cancer. MethodsParticipants in a case–control study of breast cancer rated the effect of 37 exposures on the risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer. Chi‐square tests were undertaken to measure differences in responses between cases and controls for each exposure. Logistic regression was undertaken to ascertain whether demographic factors and personal and family history of breast cancer affected participants' ability t...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 18, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Natalia Lizama, Pierra Rogers, Allyson Thomson, Terry Slevin, Lin Fritschi, Christobel Saunders, Jane Heyworth Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Improving psychosocial health in men with prostate cancer through an intervention that reinforces masculine values – exercise
(Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 18, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Prue Cormie, John L. Oliffe, Addie C. Wootten, Daniel A. Galvão, Robert U. Newton, Suzanne K. Chambers Tags: Clinical Correspondence Source Type: research

Telehealth: a new opportunity to discuss smoking cessation with indigenous cancer patients and their families
(Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 18, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Sabe Sabesan, Jenny Kelly, Lea Budden, Vikki Knott, Gail Garvey Tags: Clinical Correspondence Source Type: research

Potential links between health literacy and cervical cancer screening behaviors: a systematic review
ConclusionEvidence supports a positive link between HL and cervical cancer screening. There is only limited evidence to delineate indirect pathways linking HL and cervical cancer screening. Studies using a multidimensional validated measure of HL are needed in diverse groups of women, particularly those with a heightened burden of cervical cancer. With continuing cervical cancer disparities among culturally and linguistically diverse women, delineating how HL influences cervical cancer screening may help develop effective intervention strategies to reduce the disparities experienced by these women. Copyright © 2015 Jo...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 18, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Kyounghae Kim, Hae‐Ra Han Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The economic burden of cancer in the UK: a study of survivors treated with curative intent
ConclusionsThis study found the economic burden of cancer survivorship is unevenly distributed in the population and that cancer survivors may still incur substantial costs over 1 year post‐diagnosis. In addition, this study illustrates the feasibility of using an innovative online data collection platform to collect patient‐reported resource utilisation information. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 18, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Joachim Marti, Peter S. Hall, Patrick Hamilton, Claire T. Hulme, Helen Jones, Galina Velikova, Laura Ashley, Penny Wright Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Goal adjustment influence on psychological well‐being following advanced breast cancer diagnosis
ConclusionGoal disengagement and reengagement are two relatively independent processes influencing psychological well‐being. These findings will help clinicians to tailor specific interventions to help women coping with the diagnosis of ABC. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 18, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Wendy W.  T. Lam, Winnie Yeo, Joyce Suen, Wing Ming Ho, Janice Tsang, Inda Soong, Tze Kok Yau, Ka Yan Wong, Wing Kin Sze, Alice W.  Y. Ng, Ava Kwong, Dacita Suen, Daniel Fong, Samuel Ho, Richard Fielding Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Correlates of oncologist‐issued referrals for psycho‐oncology services: what we learned from the electronic voluntary screening and referral system for depression (eVSRS‐D)
ConclusionsThe eVSRS‐D cannot definitively diagnose major depression but may efficiently self‐select a population with significant depression symptoms. The patients' willingness to engage the POS most strongly predicted the actual referrals. Oncologist reviews of screening reports may not result in further depression severity‐specific referrals. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 18, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Joo‐Young Lee, Dooyoung Jung, Won‐Hyoung Kim, Hyuk‐Joon Lee, Dong‐Young Noh, Bong‐Jin Hahm Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Satisfaction with support versus size of network: differential effects of social support on psychological distress in parents of pediatric cancer patients
ConclusionSocial support can attenuate psychological distress in parents coping with pediatric cancer; however, the nature of the effect depends on the dimension of support. Whereas interventions that focus on increasing satisfaction with social support may benefit all parents, at‐risk parents will likely benefit from interventions that ensure they have an adequate number of support resources. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 17, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Felicity W. K. Harper, Amy M. Peterson, Terrance L. Albrecht, Jeffrey W. Taub, Sean Phipps, Louis A. Penner Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Physical and psychological health among breast cancer survivors: interactions with sedentary behavior and physical activity
Abstract BackgroundReducing sedentary behavior (SED) may be one promising strategy to reduce treatment‐related side effects in breast cancer given the unique health benefits distinct from the beneficial effects of moderate‐to‐vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA). ObjectivesTo examine the associations between SED and the late‐effects symptoms of pain, fatigue, and depression among breast cancer survivors (BCS), and the interactive associations between SED, light PA, and MVPA on these symptoms. MethodsOne hundred and ninety‐five BCS provided baseline data 3 to 4 months post‐systemic treatment, as part...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 17, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Linda Trinh, Steve Amireault, Jason Lacombe, Catherine M. Sabiston Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Evidence‐based psychosocial treatment in the community: considerations for dissemination and implementation
ConclusionA multilevel conceptual framework, Setting, Therapist, Education, imPlementation, and Sustainability, is offered and provides directions for dissemination and sustainable implementation. Guidelines from the Commission on Cancer of the American College of Surgeons and the American Society of Clinical Oncology underscore the timeliness of the proposed framework to move EBTs from the research settings where they were developed to the practice settings where they are needed. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 17, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Barbara L. Andersen, Caroline S. Dorfman Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The effects on caregivers of cancer patients' needs and family hardiness
ConclusionsThe implications based on the findings are discussed in terms of the psycho‐oncological and psycho‐social interventions for the cancer patients and their family caregivers. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 17, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Ansuk Jeong, Dong Wook Shin, So. Young Kim, Hyung Kook Yang, Joo Yeon Shin, Keeho Park, Ji Yeong An, Jong‐Hyock Park Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Grasping the ‘teachable moment’: time since diagnosis, symptom burden and health behaviors in breast, colorectal and prostate cancer survivors
Abstract BackgroundA cancer diagnosis may provide a ‘teachable moment’ in cancer recovery. To better understand factors influencing lifestyle choices following diagnosis, we examined associations between time since diagnosis and symptom burden with recommended dietary (e.g., five or more fruit/vegetable servings/day), physical activity (e.g.,>150 active min, 3–5 times/week), and smoking behaviors (i.e., eliminate tobacco use) in cancer survivors. MethodsWe analyzed cross‐sectional survey data collected from breast (n = 528), colorectal (n = 106), and prostate (n =&t...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 8, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Shirley M. Bluethmann, Karen Basen‐Engquist, Sally W. Vernon, Matthew Cox, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Sandra A. Stansberry, Cindy L. Carmack, Janice A. Blalock, Wendy Demark‐Wahnefried Tags: Paper Source Type: research

The health action process approach applied to African American breast cancer survivors
In this study, we assessed the HAPA in African American breast cancer survivors using covariance modeling. MethodsA total of 304 African American breast cancer survivors (mean age = 54 years) participated in a Web‐based survey assessing demographic and medical characteristics as well as constructs of the HAPA. A two‐step covariance modeling approach was used to assess the structural relationships among the constructs. ResultsThe hypothesized measurement model fit the data; however, general severity was not significantly associated with the remaining constructs. General severity was removed, and the f...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 8, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Raheem J. Paxton Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Incidence and risk factors for psychiatric comorbidity among people newly diagnosed with cancer based on Korean national registry data
ConclusionThe present study showed a low incidence of psychiatric comorbidity and suggests that psychiatric disorders in cancer patients tend to be underrecognized in actual clinical practice. Greater risk for psychiatric comorbidity was associated with lung cancer, older age, and female gender. The present findings provide important information for establishing national policies to detect and manage mental health problems during cancer care.Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 4, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Byung Ook Lee, Won‐Jung Choi, Na Young Sung, Seon‐Koo Lee, Chong Gul Lee, Jee In Kang Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Psychosocial determinants of Chinese parental HPV vaccination intention for adolescent girls: preventing cervical cancer
ConclusionsResults suggest that cervical cancer‐related worry/anxiety is the most important predictor of parental HPV vaccination intention in Hong Kong Chinese and possibly other populations. Social influences also play an important role affecting parental vaccination intention, particularly peer influence and descriptive norm beliefs. Implications of these results are discussed in terms of future HPV vaccination promotion and cervical cancer prevention programme. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 4, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Linda Dong‐Ling Wang, Wendy Wing Tak Lam, Joseph Wu, Richard Fielding Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Family caregiver communication in oncology: advancing a typology
ConclusionsCaregiver communication types were corroborated by patient–caregiver descriptions of caregiving. However, more information is needed to ascertain the variables associated with each caregiver type. Future work to improve identification of caregiver types and create targeted caregiver care plans will require further study of health literacy levels and tested communication interventions per type. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 4, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Joy Goldsmith, Elaine Wittenberg, Christine Small Platt, Nicholas T. Iannarino, Jenna Reno Tags: Paper Source Type: research

The balance of clinician and patient input into treatment decision‐making in older women with operable breast cancer
ConclusionsThese results suggest that whilst many older women achieve their desired level of DM engagement, some do not, raising the possibility that they may be making choices which are not concordant with their treatment preferences. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 4, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Jenna L. Morgan, Maria Burton, Karen Collins, Kate J. Lifford, Thompson G. Robinson, Kwok‐Leung Cheung, Riccardo Audisio, Malcolm W. Reed, Lynda Wyld, Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Assessing the need for psychooncological support: screening instruments in combination with patients' subjective evaluation may define psychooncological pathways
ConclusionsRecommended instruments for distress assessment in psychooncology measure different areas of distress. They do not sufficiently agree in indicating a patient's need for psychooncological treatment. Hence, one should neither compare results of studies using different assessment instruments nor implement a screening without reflecting the used instrument's characteristics compared to the others. The subjective need seems to provide additional information to the assessment. At present, the combination of an assessment instrument and patients' subjective need is seen as a best practice for identifying patients in ne...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 4, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: N. Schaeffeler, K. Pfeiffer, J. Ringwald, S. Brucker, M. Wallwiener, S. Zipfel, M. Teufel Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Does time heal all wounds? A longitudinal study of the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms in parents of survivors of childhood cancer and bereaved parents
ConclusionsFrom 3 months after end of treatment the level of PTSS is stable. Mothers and bereaved parents are at particular risk for PTSD. The results are the first to describe the development of PTSS in parents of children diagnosed with cancer, illustrate that end of treatment is a period of vulnerability, and that a subgroup reports PTSD 5 years after end of treatment or child's death. © 2015 The Authors. Psycho‐Oncology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - June 4, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Lisa Ljungman, Emma Hovén, Gustaf Ljungman, Martin Cernvall, Louise Essen Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Illness representations and psychological distress in Indian patients with cancer: does being aware of one's cancer diagnosis make a difference?
ConclusionsThe Common Sense Model provides a useful framework for explaining the psychological reactions of Indian patients with cancer to their illness, particularly for those who report being unaware of their cancer diagnosis. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 27, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Mahati Chittem, Paul Norman, Peter R. Harris Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Evaluating a 12‐week exercise program for brain cancer patients
(Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 20, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Lauren C. Capozzi, Kevin R. Boldt, Jacob Easaw, Barry Bultz, S. Nicole Culos‐Reed Tags: Clinical Correspondence Source Type: research

Religious beliefs, practices, and health in colorectal cancer patients in Saudi Arabia
ConclusionsReligious involvement was widespread in this sample of CRC patients in Saudi Arabia and was related to fewer depressive symptoms and less suicidal ideation. No relationship was found with stage of disease or duration of treatment. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 19, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Mahmoud Shaheen Al Ahwal, Faten Al Zaben, Mohammad Gamal Sehlo, Doaa Ahmed Khalifa, Harold G. Koenig Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Body image perceptions among women with pre‐existing physical disability who developed breast cancer: a qualitative exploration
(Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 15, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Kelly B. Smith, Lisa I. Iezzoni, Kerry L. Kilbridge, Hannah Pajolek, Katherine Ellicott Colson, Elyse R. Park Tags: Clinical Correspondence Source Type: research

Quality of life of family caregivers 8 years after a relative's cancer diagnosis: follow‐up of the National Quality of Life Survey for Caregivers
ConclusionsFindings provided the first evidence that 8 years after the initial cancer diagnosis in the family, family members who became bereaved suffer from poorer mental health and greater psychological distress. Findings have theoretical implications for better understanding bereavement to cancer and practical implications for developing integrative programs to improve QOL among family members in the various phases of caregivership. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 15, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Youngmee Kim, Kelly M. Shaffer, Charles S. Carver, Rachel S. Cannady Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Association of childhood trauma with fatigue, depression, stress, and inflammation in breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy
Abstract BackgroundThis pilot study examined whether breast cancer patients with childhood trauma exhibit increased fatigue, depression, and stress in association with inflammation as a result of whole breast radiotherapy (RT). MethodsTwenty breast cancer patients were enrolled in a prospective, longitudinal study of fatigue, depression, and perceived stress prior to RT, week 6 of RT, and 6 weeks post‐RT. Six weeks after RT, subjects completed the childhood trauma questionnaire (CTQ). Patients were also administered the multidimensional fatigue inventory, inventory of depressive symptomatology‐self‐reported, and perc...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 14, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tatiana J. Han, Jennifer C. Felger, Anna Lee, Donna Mister, Andrew H. Miller, Mylin A. Torres Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Body image and sexual function in women after treatment for anal and rectal cancer
Abstract ObjectiveTreatment for anal and rectal cancer (ARCa) often results in side effects that directly impact sexual functioning; however, ARCa survivors are an understudied group, and factors contributing to the sexual sequelae are not well understood. Body image problems are distressing and may further exacerbate sexual difficulties, particularly for women. This preliminary study sought to (1) describe body image problems, including sociodemographic and disease/treatment correlates, and (2) examine relations between body image and sexual function. MethodsFor the baseline assessment of a larger study, 70 women complete...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 14, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Catherine Benedict, Errol J. Philip, Raymond E. Baser, Jeanne Carter, Tammy A. Schuler, Lina Jandorf, Katherine DuHamel, Christian Nelson Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Resilience as a predictor for emotional response to the diagnosis and surgery in breast cancer patients
ConclusionOur results confirm that resilience may at least partially protect against emotional distress in cancer patients. Our findings suggest that resilience may be a relatively stable trait that is not affected by adversity. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 12, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Sabine E. Markovitz, Ward Schrooten, Arnoud Arntz, Madelon L. Peters Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Cost‐effectiveness of a behavioral intervention for persistent urinary incontinence in prostate cancer patients
ConclusionsThe study interventions are cost‐effective in consideration of eligible patients who declined the interventions. The interventions can provide meaningful outcome improvement on urinary continence at a low cost. This evidence provides critical information for future health policy decision‐making of healthcare providers and payers. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 12, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Amy Y. Zhang, Alex Z. Fu Tags: Paper Source Type: research

2014 President's plenary international psycho‐oncology society: moving toward cancer care for the whole patient
Abstract The International Psycho‐oncology Society (IPOS) has just celebrated its 30th anniversary. The growth of psychosocial oncology has been exponential, and this relatively new field is becoming a core service that focuses on prevention, reducing the burden of cancer, and enhancing the quality of life from time of diagnosis, through treatment, survivorship, and palliative care. Looking back over the past 30 years, we see that cancer care globally has evolved to a new and higher standard. Today, ‘cancer care for the whole patient’ is being accomplished with an evidence‐based model that addresses ps...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 12, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Barry D. Bultz, Luzia Travado, Paul B. Jacobsen, Jane Turner, Josep M. Borras, Andreas W.H. Ullrich Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Psychosocial staffing at National Comprehensive Cancer Network member institutions: data from leading cancer centers
ConclusionsThere was variability among the institutions in terms of patient volume, psychosocial services provided, and psychosocial staff employed. As accreditation standards are implemented that provide impetus for psychosocial services in oncology, it is hoped that greater clarity will develop concerning staffing for psychosocial services and uptake of these services by patients with cancer. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 11, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Teresa Deshields, Amanda Kracen, Shannon Nanna, Lisa Kimbro Tags: Paper Source Type: research

The mediating effect of self‐efficacy in the relationship between social support and post‐traumatic stress disorder symptoms among patients with central system tumors in China: a cross‐sectional study
In this study, we aim to examine the association between social support and PTSD symptoms and to explore the mediating effect of self‐efficacy in this relationship among patients with central nervous system tumors in China. MethodsQuestionnaires consisting of the Post‐traumatic Stress Checklist‐ Civilian Version, the Duke‐UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire, the General Self‐Efficacy Scale, as well as demographic and clinical factors were used to collect information of patients with central nervous system tumors in Liaoning Province, China. A total of 222 patients (effective response rate of 66.1%) became...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 8, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Yang Wang, Yijun Bao, Li Liu, Aaron Ramos, Yunjie Wang, Lie Wang Tags: Paper Source Type: research

The longitudinal relationship between quality of life and survival in advanced stage cancer
This study evaluates the effects of both level and change of QoL on survival to explore the potential of utilizing longitudinal information of QoL for prognosis. MethodsA series of joint models were used in a sample (N = 512) of patients diagnosed with advanced cancer (sample consisted of nine different cancer sites) with assessments of QoL across six time points and with survival information recorded up to 28 months after diagnosis. We used FACT‐G as the QoL measure, and we evaluated the effects of change in QoL controlling for the time‐dependent effects of chemotherapy and radiation. ResultsThe med...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 8, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: George Kypriotakis, Damon J. Vidrine, Linda E. Francis, Julia H. Rose Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Psychological factors at early stage of treatment as predictors of receiving chemotherapy at the end of life
Abstract IntroductionAdministration of chemotherapy in the last 14 days of life is a widely recognized indicator of poor end‐of‐life (EOL) care. The current study aimed to investigate predictors of this outcome, focusing on patients' self‐reported psychological symptoms. Methods and MaterialsThis is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial that examined the efficacy of early palliative care integrated with standard oncology practice in patients with metastatic non‐small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We analyzed associations between receipt of chemotherapy within 14 days of death and demographic, ...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 8, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Daisuke Fujisawa, Jennifer S. Temel, Lara Traeger, Joseph A. Greer, Inga T. Lennes, Masaru Mimura, William F. Pirl Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Illness perceptions within 6 months of cancer diagnosis are an independent prospective predictor of health‐related quality of life 15 months post‐diagnosis
We examined, for the first time in breast, colorectal and prostate cancer patients, if cognitive and emotional illness perceptions near diagnosis predict future multidimensional health‐related quality of life (HRQoL). MethodsUK‐based patients (N = 334) completed the illness perception questionnaire‐revised within 6 months post‐diagnosis and the quality of life in adult cancer survivors scale 15 months post‐diagnosis. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained from medical records. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted. ResultsThe sociodemographic and clinical facto...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - May 6, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Laura Ashley, Joachim Marti, Helen Jones, Galina Velikova, Penny Wright Tags: Paper Source Type: research

The willingness and actual situation of Chinese cancer patients and their family members participating in medical decision‐making
The objective is to investigate the willingness and actual situation of cancer patients and their family members participating in the MDM process. MethodsIn this cross‐sectional study, questionnaires were administered to 247 pairs of cancer inpatients and their relatives. Information regarding participants' willingness and actual experience during the decision‐making process was documented. Eligible participants were cancer inpatients or their relatives, 18 years of age or older, and informed of the cancer diagnosis. All the patients should have received chemotherapy. ResultsThe effective response rate was 72.9% (...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - April 29, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Jie Zhang, Dan Yang, Yaotiao Deng, Ying Wang, Lei Deng, Xinmei Luo, Wuning Zhong, Jie Liu, Yuqing Wang, Yu Jiang Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Correlates of quality of life in overweight or obese breast cancer survivors at enrollment into a weight loss trial
Abstract ObjectiveThe purpose of this analysis was to examine the correlates of the physical and psychosocial domains of quality of life (QOL) in a cohort of breast cancer survivors participating in a weight loss intervention trial. MethodsCorrelates of QOL and psychosocial functioning were examined in 692 overweight or obese breast cancer survivors at entry into a weight loss trial. QOL was explored with three measures: Short‐form 36 (SF‐36), Impact of Cancer scale (IOC), and the Breast Cancer Prevention Trial (BCPT) symptom scales. Available data included information on weight and physical activity, as well as demogr...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - April 29, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Bilgé Pakiz, Patricia A. Ganz, Rebecca L. Sedjo, Shirley W. Flatt, Wendy Demark‐Wahnefried, Jingxia Liu, Kathleen Y. Wolin, Cheryl L. Rock Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Caregiver burden, patients' self‐perceived burden, and preference for palliative care among cancer patients and caregivers
ConclusionsBoth CB and SPB increased preference for palliative care. This could be interpreted that high CB can lead to preference for palliative care in both patients and their caregivers, potentially threatening patient autonomy. Efforts to relieve CB and SPB are needed. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - April 29, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Ji Eun Lee, Dong Wook Shin, Juhee Cho, Hyung Kook Yang, So Young Kim, Hyo Sang Yoo, Hyun Jung Jho, Joo Yeon Shin, Belong Cho, Keeho Park, Jong‐Hyock Park Tags: Paper Source Type: research

Psychological distress and quality of life in lung cancer: the role of health‐related stigma, illness appraisals and social constraints
ConclusionsHealth‐related stigma appears to contribute to poorer adjustment by constraining interpersonal discussions about cancer and heightening feelings of threat. There is a need for the development and evaluation of interventions to ameliorate the negative effects of health‐related stigma among lung cancer patients. © 2015 The Authors. Psycho‐Oncology Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - April 29, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Suzanne K. Chambers, Peter Baade, Philippa Youl, Joanne Aitken, Stefano Occhipinti, Shalini Vinod, Patricia C. Valery, Gail Garvey, Kwun M. Fong, David Ball, Helen Zorbas, Jeff Dunn, Dianne L. O'Connell Tags: Paper Source Type: research