Assessment of systematic reviews and meta-analyses available for bovine and equine veterinarians and quality of abstract reporting: a scoping review
ConclusionsIn large animal veterinary medicine, SR-MA are uncommonly performed in equine and bovine medicine. The SR-MA can be assessed using AMSTAR with acceptable inter-rater reliability, which is helpful to assess SR-MA methodological quality. (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 24, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of visceral leishmaniasis in a population of free-roaming dogs as determined by multiple sampling efforts: a longitudinal study analyzing the effectiveness of euthanasia
The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalences of VL in a population of free-roaming dogs in an endemic region of Brazil, to establish the spatial distribution of infected dogs, and to examine the effectiveness of euthanasia of infected dogs in controlling the disease in this particular population. Dogs were captured every two months during seven sampling efforts. Capture locations were georeferenced and captured dogs were assessed for the presence of anti-Leishmania antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as a screening test and the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) as ...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 16, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Characteristics of One Health surveillance systems: a systematic literature review
The objective of the study is to define the organisational and functional characteristics of OH surveillance systems, the context in which they are implemented, as well as the influential factors which may obstruct or support their implementation and performance. To achieve this, a systematic literature review of existing OH surveillance systems was conducted using the Prisma guidelines. The selected systems were assessed according to 38 predetermined variables. These allowed the characterisation of their objectives, organisation, functioning, performance and benefits. Data extraction was conducted using a spreadsheet and ...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 14, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Seroprevalence and participatory epidemiology of camelpox in Afar region of Ethiopia
In conclusion, camelpox is found to be endemic in Afar pastoral region with sporadic outbreaks occurring during rainy seasons. Vaccination and improved camel management practices particularly during the high-risk period can be viable strategies to reduce the burden of the disease. (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 14, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Association of herd-level risk factors and incidence rate of clinical mastitis in 20 Brazilian dairy herds
The objectives of this study were to characterize the pathogen frequency and severity of clinical mastitis (CM) in 20 dairy herds of southeastern Brazil; and to determine the incidence rate of clinical mastitis (IRCM; overall and based on specific-pathogen groups) based on quarter time at risk and its association with risk factors at the herd-level. Data were recorded in each herd for a period of 8 to 15 months. The association between herd-level risk factors and IRCM were determined by two groups of mixed regression models: one based on the overall IRCM, and five based on the following specific-pathogen groups: contagious...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 14, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Breed-to-wean farm factors associated with influenza A virus infection in piglets at weaning
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Fabian Orlando Chamba Pardo, Adam Schelkopf, Matthew Allerson, Robert Morrison, Marie Culhane, Andres Perez, Montserrat TorremorellAbstractBreed-to-wean pig farms play an important role in spreading influenza A virus (IAV) because suckling piglets maintain, diversify and transmit IAV at weaning to other farms. Understanding the nature and extent of which farm factors drive IAV infection in piglets is a prerequisite to reduce the burden of influenza in swine. We evaluated the association between IAV infection in piglets at wea...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 14, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Bovine cysticercosis and taeniosis: The effect of an alternative post-mortem detection method on prevalence and economic impact
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Famke Jansen, Pierre Dorny, Dirk Berkvens, Sarah GabriëlAbstractIn Europe, bovine cysticercosis (BCC) is detected by routine meat inspection (MI) at the slaughterhouse. The prevalence of BCC in Belgium based on MI is estimated at 0.23%. MI has a known low sensitivity for animals with localised infections and alternative detection techniques should be considered.A mathematical scenario-analysis model was built to determine the current prevalence of BCC in Belgium based on MI results combined with results of dissection of ...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 12, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Development and validation of a scoring system to assess the relative vulnerability of swine breeding herds to the introduction of PRRS virus
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Gustavo S. Silva, Luis G. Corbellini, Daniel L.C. Linhares, Kimberlee L. Baker, Derald J. HoltkampAbstractBiosecurity is defined as the set of practices carried out to prevent the introduction and spread of infectious agents in a herd. These practices are essential in swine production, especially for highly infectious agents such as porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSv). Even with years of research and experience over the last three decades, PRRSv is still causing productivity losses and is the major hea...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 11, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Epidemiological analysis of the 2015–2017 African swine fever outbreaks in Estonia
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Imbi Nurmoja, Kerli Mõtus, Maarja Kristian, Tarmo Niine, Katja Schulz, Klaus Depner, Arvo ViltropAbstractAfrican swine fever (ASF) was first detected in the Estonian wild boar population in September 2014, while the first domestic pig farm was affected in July 2015. In the present study, we aimed to analyse, retrospectively, the epidemiology of the disease in all 26 outbreaks in domestic pig herds that occurred in Estonia during the period 2015–2017. Formal interviews were conducted to estimate the high-risk perio...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: 1 November 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 159Author(s): (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 10, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Animal brucellosis control or eradication programs worldwide: A systematic review of experiences and lessons learned
In this study, we collected the available publications regarding brucellosis control or eradication programs in different countries and areas, and summarized the main strategies and measures, supplementary measures, effects, and lessons learned during their implementation. Results showed that the freedom from animal brucellosis was only achieved in three countries among the 23 included countries and areas after the implementation of the programs, which had lasted several decades. Either alone or together, vaccination and test-and-slaughter programs can effectively reduce brucellosis prevalence. Supplementary measures invol...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 9, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Livestock hauliers’ attitudes, knowledge and current practices towards animal welfare, occupational wellbeing and transport risk factors: A Mexican survey
This study showed that empathy towards cattle was a key element in identifying hauliers at risk of road accidents during cattle transportation. Years of experience in cattle transport played an important role in emphasizing closer perceptions towards welfare. Considering current trends towards increased transport times and logistics stops, there is a need to develop systems of welfare assessment and decision-making that provide tools and protocols that can minimize the biological cost to animals and hauliers, which may have been underestimated in the past. (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 6, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

The use of antimicrobials in global pig production: a systematic review of methods for quantification
Publication date: Available online 22 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Angkana Lekagul, Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Shunmay Yeung (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Livestock hauliers' attitudes, knowledge and current practices towards animal welfare, occupational wellbeing and operational risk factors: A Mexican survey
This study showed that empathy towards cattle was a key element in identifying hauliers at risk of road accidents during cattle transportation. Years of experience in cattle transport played an important role in emphasizing closer perceptions towards welfare. Considering current trends towards increased transport times and logistics stops, there is a need to develop systems of welfare assessment and decision-making that provide tools and protocols that can minimize the biological cost to animals and hauliers, which may have been underestimated in the past. (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Seroprevalence and risk factors of lumpy skin disease in Ethiopia
Publication date: Available online 1 October 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Wassie Molla, Klaas Frankena, Getachew Gari, Menbere Kidane, Dereje Shegu, Mart C.M. de JongAbstractLumpy skin disease (LSD) is an acute or inapparent viral disease of cattle which is endemic in many African and Middle East countries. LSD is one of the major transboundary livestock diseases in Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study using multistage cluster sampling was undertaken in central and north-western parts of Ethiopia with the objectives to estimate seroprevalence and to identify and quantify risk factors contributing to th...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Epidemiological situation of vesicular stomatitis virus infection in cattle in the state of Paraíba, semiarid region of Brazil
Publication date: 15 November 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 160Author(s): Camila S. Bezerra, Juliana F. Cargnelutti, Jéssica T. Sauthier, Rudi Weiblen, Eduardo F. Flores, Clebert J. Alves, Inácio J. Clementino, Carolina S.A.B. Santos, Sérgio S. AzevedoAbstractThe aim of this survey was to estimate the apparent herd-level and animal-level prevalences, as well as to identify risk factors and spatial clustering of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) positive herds in the state of Paraíba, semiarid of Brazil. The state was divided into three sampling strata: Sertão, Borborem...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

A meta-analysis of the prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis in some African countries from 2000 to 2018
Publication date: 15 November 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 160Author(s): F. Ebhodaghe, C. Isaac, J.A. OhioleiAbstractBovine trypanosomiasis is a disease of cattle. In sub-Saharan Africa, the disease mean prevalence estimates are unknown in most endemic countries. We therefore performed a meta-analysis with the aim of estimating national mean prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis in endemic countries across sub-Saharan Africa. Relevant articles reporting bovine trypanosomiasis prevalence were retrieved through systematic literature search and scanning of articles reference-lists. Eligibility criteria in...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

A quantitative risk assessment (QRA) of the risk of introduction of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in the United States via infected mosquitoes transported in aircraft and cargo ships
The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of introduction of JEV in the US via infected mosquitoes transported in aircraft and cargo ships arriving from Asia, using a QRA model.We created a stochastic model to quantify the probability of introduction of at least one infected mosquito in the continental US via aircraft and cargo ships, per at-risk period (March to October) or year, respectively. We modeled the following parameters: number of flights (per at-risk period, i.e., March to October) and cargo ships (per year) and per region, number of mosquitoes per flight and ship, number of mosquitoes that were not f...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Effects of group housing on reproductive performance, lameness, injuries and saliva cortisol in gestating sows
In conclusion, group housing management during gestation was associated with better reproduction, productivity and welfare of sows, as compared to individual stalls. A welfare friendly housing system can be beneficial and effective for both the farmers and the animals. (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Estimating diagnostic accuracy of fecal culture in liquid media for the detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infections in Québec dairy cows: A latent class model
In conclusion, a higher sensitivity of IFC compared to serum-ELISA was observed both in the unconditional and conditional dependent models. Since the sensitivity of both IFC and serum-ELISA was relatively low, conditional dependence between the tests is more likely in the true disease positive animals. We hypothesize that conditional dependence arises because an unmeasured covariate influences the performance of both tests among disease positive animals causing both tests to incorrectly misclassify the animal as negative. One limitation of this study was the very low within herd prevalence of the participant herds. (Source...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Using longitudinal syndromic surveillance to describe small ruminant health in village production systems in Myanmar
Publication date: 15 November 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 160Author(s): Jenny E. Hanks, Elsa J. Glanville, Ei Phyu, Nandar Hlaing, Lwin Naing Oo, Aung Aung, Kyaw Naing Oo, Angus J.D. CampbellAbstractA novel syndromic surveillance approach was used to describe small ruminant health in Myanmar, to help overcome limitations in disease diagnosis common in many parts of the world, especially in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Observations were made from July 2015 to June 2016 of ten clinical syndromes in 12 goat herds and sheep flocks owned by smallholders in the Central Dry Zone. Strengths and w...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

A cost-benefit assessment of Salmonella-control strategies in pigs reared in the United Kingdom
Publication date: 15 November 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 160Author(s): C. Gavin, R.R.L. Simons, A.D.C. Berriman, D. Moorhouse, E.L. Snary, R.P. Smith, A.A. HillAbstractPork and pork products are a major source of human salmonellosis in the United Kingdom (UK). Despite a number of surveillance programmes, the prevalence of Salmonella in the UK slaughter pig population remains over 20%. Here, we present the results of a Cost-Benefit Analysis comparing five on-farm control strategies (where the cost is the cost of implementation and the benefits are the financial savings for both the human health and p...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

An assessment of the economic costs to the U.S. dairy market of antimicrobial use restrictions
The objective of our research was to assess at the market level the costs associated with potential regulations (a prohibition scenario and tax scenarios) surrounding antimicrobial use in the U.S. dairy sector, comparing to a business as usual scenario. We conducted a two-step analysis, first at the farm and then the market level, to estimate the costs to both farmers and consumers. We found that potential policies restricting AMU would have a minor effect at the market level. In the case of prohibition of AMU, the average milk price would rise from $0.423 to $0.425 per liter. In the short run, the total annual losses woul...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - October 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

A descriptive analysis of swine movements in Ontario (Canada) as a contributor to disease spread
The objectives of this research were to describe Ontario pig movements in 2015, and to understand the potential for disease transmission through animal movement on a weekly and yearly basis. Swine shipments from January to December 2015 represented 224 production facilities and a total of 5398 unique animal movements. This one-mode directed network of animal movements was then analyzed using common descriptive network measures.The maximum yearly (y) weak component (WCy) size and maximum weekly (w) weak component size (WCw) was 224 facilities, and 83 facilities, respectively. The maximum WCw did not change significantly (p&...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 22, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Newcastle Disease Sero and Viro-Prevalence in Rural Poultry in Chittagong, Bangladesh
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Joseph Belgrad, Ashiqur Rahman, Sadeque Abdullah, Harun Rashid, Abu Sayeed, M. Sawkat Anwer, Ahasanul HoqueAbstractBangladesh experiences some of the highest malnutrition rates in the world, and efforts are being made to increase food security and overall health status. One of the largest constrains on increasing food security is endemic diseases among livestock and poultry populations. Newcastle Disease (ND) is one of these viral endemic diseases reducing food security. However, the sero- and viro-prevalence of ND has not ...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 21, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Dynamics of the 2004 avian influenza H5N1 outbreak in Thailand: the role of duck farming, sequential model fitting and control
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Renata Retkute, Chris P. Jewell, Thomas P. Van Boeckel, Geli Zhang, Xiangming Xiao, Weerapong Thanapongtharm, Matt Keeling, Marius Gilbert, Michael J. TildesleyAbstractThe Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) subtype H5N1 virus persists in many countries and has been circulating in poultry, wild birds. In addition, the virus has emerged in other species and frequent zoonotic spillover events indicate that there remains a significant risk to human health. It is crucial to understand the dynamics of the disease in the pou...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 20, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Estimating disease survey intensity and wildlife population size from the density of survey devices: leg-hold traps and the brushtail possum
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Peter Sweetapple, Graham NugentAbstractWildlife disease surveillance requires accurate information on the proportion of managed populations sampled or their population density, parameters that are typically expensive to measure. However, these parameters can be estimated using spatially explicit modelling of capture probabilities, based on the distribution and deployment times of capture devices, given accurate information on the relationships between these variables. This approach is used in New Zealand’s surveillanc...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 20, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Effects of natural infection by L. borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo type Hardjo-bovis and L. interrogans serovar Pomona, and leptospiral vaccination, on sheep growth
This study evaluated the impact of exposure to these serovars and of vaccination on sheep growth.One third of 2260 ewe lambs on eight farms were randomly selected and vaccinated with a primary and booster bivalent Hardjo and Pomona vaccine starting at one month of age on seven farms and at around five months of age on one farm. Repeated blood samples were taken over one (n = 6 farms, bred as ewe lambs at 7-8 months of age) or two (n = 2 farms, bred as rising 2-year-old ewes) years and tested by microscopic agglutination test to assess exposure to Hardjo and Pomona. Individual weights were record...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 18, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Usutu virus induced mass mortalities of songbirds in Central Europe: Are habitat models suitable to predict dead birds in unsampled regions?
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Melanie Walter, Katharina Brugger, Franz RubelAbstractThe Usutu virus (USUV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus closely related to the better known West Nile virus, and it can cause mass mortalities of song birds. In the present paper, a dataset of georeferenced locations of USUV-positive birds was compiled and then used to map the geographical distribution of suitable USUV habitats in Central Europe. Six habitat models, comprising BIOCLIM, DOMAIN, maximum entropy model (MAXENT), generalized linear model (GLM), boosted regressi...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 18, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Ehrlichia canis in healthy dogs from the Southeastern region of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Patrícia Gonzaga Paulino, Marcus Sandes Pires, Claudia Bezerra da Silva, Maristela Peckle, Renata Lins da Costa, Gabriela Vivas Vitari, Joice Aparecida Rezende Vilela, Ana Paula Martinez de Abreu, Carlos Luiz Massard, Huarrisson Azevedo SantosAbstractThis cross-sectional, observational, and descriptive study aims to investigate the epidemiology of Ehrlichia canis in healthy owned dogs from the Southeastern region of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Blood samples were collected from 390 households dogs. During the visits, an e...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 15, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Potential associations between the mite Varroa destructor and other stressors in honeybee colonies (Apis mellifera L.) in temperate and subtropical climate from Argentina
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Agostina Giacobino, Pacini Adriana, Ana Molineri, Graciela Rodríguez, Paola Crisanti, Natalia Bulacio Cagnolo, Julieta Merke, Emanuel Orellano, Ezequiel Bertozzi, Hernán Pietronave, Marcelo SignoriniAbstractThe presence of Varroa destructor in colonies of Apis mellifera is explained by the interaction among a number of factors including beekeeping practices and surrounding environment features. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative impact of environment geographical region and beekeeping managemen...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 15, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Value chain analysis and sanitary risks of the camel milk system supplying Nairobi city, Kenya
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Dishon Muloi, Pablo Alarcon, Jackson Ombui, Kisa J. Ngeiywa, Bulle Abdullahi, Patrick Muinde, Maurice K. Karani, Jonathan Rushton, Eric M. FèvreAbstractThe camel milk trade in Kenya has evolved significantly from a small-scale business undertaken in local villages to its current status involving a large number of different stakeholders supplying urban towns, particularly Nairobi City. Despite the evident growth pattern, the supply of camel milk to Nairobi has largely remained informal, with minimal enforcement of reg...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 14, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

The social networks of free-roaming domestic dogs in island communities in the Torres Strait, Australia
The objective of this study was to describe and characterise the social structure of free-roaming dog populations in three communities in the Torres Strait, Australia.Dogs in Kubin, Saibai, and Warraber communities were collared with GPS units that recorded locations at 15 s intervals for up to 1 week, and datasets were obtained from 24 (62% of the dog population), 23 (53%) and 21 (51%) dogs in each community, respectively. An association (potential contact) between dogs was defined as proximity within a spatio-temporal window of 5 m for 30 s. Networks were constructed for each dog population: 1. nodes...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 13, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Inside front cover (Aims & Scope, Editorial Board, Publ details)
Publication date: 1 October 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 158Author(s): (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 13, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Why do veterinarians ask for antimicrobial susceptibility testing? A qualitative study exploring determinants and evaluating the impact of antibiotic reduction policy
Publication date: Available online 11 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Clémence Boireau, Nicolas Fortané, Didier Calavas, Agnès Leblond, Émilie GayAbstractFor public health reasons, increasing attention has focused on more rational use of antimicrobials in farm animals. Guidance concerning the prescription of antibiotics and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (antibiograms in this case) are beneficial tools to help control the development of antimicrobial resistance. Nevertheless, even though there are already several qualitative studies analysing the determinants...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 12, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Combining Salmonella Dublin genome information and contact-tracing to substantiate a new approach for improved detection of infectious transmission routes in cattle populations
This study presents a new method for detection of between-herd livestock movements to facilitate disease tracing and more accurately describe network behaviour of relevance for spread of infectious diseases, including within-livestock business risk-carrying contacts that are not necessarily recorded anywhere. The study introduces and substantiates the concept of grouping livestock herds into business-units based on ownership and location in the tracing analysis of animal movement-based contact networks. To test the utility of this approach, whole core genome sequencing of 196 Salmonella Dublin isolates stored from previous...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 10, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Factors associated with specific health, welfare and reproductive performance indicators in pig herds from five EU countries
In conclusion, several factors related to applying good farm and health management, and optimal housing conditions showed positive association with various sow and piglet performance parameters. Further studies will help to assess causal links for these factors. (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 10, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

New approaches to pharmacosurveillance for monitoring prescription frequency, diversity, and co-prescription in a large sentinel network of companion animal veterinary practices in the United Kingdom, 2014 to 2016
This study explored new approaches for describing PA prescription, diversity and co-prescription in dogs, cats and rabbits utilising electronic health records (EHRs) from a sentinel network of 457 companion animal-treating veterinary sites throughout the UK over a 2-year period (2014 – 2016).A novel text mining-based identification and classification methodology was utilised to semi-automatically map practitioner-defined product descriptions recorded in 918,333 EHRs from 413,870 dogs encompassing 1,242,270 prescriptions; 352,730 EHRs from 200,541 cats encompassing 491,554 prescriptions, and 22,526 EHRS from 13,398 ra...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 9, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Identification of avian influenza virus subtype H9N2 in chicken farms in Indonesia
Publication date: Available online 8 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Melina Jonas, Aprilla Sahesti, Theresia Murwijati, Christina Lilis Lestariningsih, Ine Irine, Clara Sinta Ayesda, Wahyu Prihartini, Gusti Ngurah MahardikaAbstractAvian influenza virus subtype H9N2 (AIV-H9N2) has become established in domestic poultry in Asia and Africa. AIV-H9N2 has not been reported previously in Indonesia. Here we describe the presence of AIV-H9N2 in chicken farms in Indonesia. Ninety-nine cases were observed in various provinces in Indonesia. Clinical signs, pathologic lesions and egg production were reco...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 9, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Risk factors for emergence of exotic foot-and-mouth disease O/ME-SA/Ind-2001d on smallholder farms in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Publication date: Available online 6 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Corissa A.J. Miller, James R. Young, Sonevilay Nampanya, Syseng Khounsy, Nagendrakumar B. Singanallur, Wilna Vosloo, Ronello Abila, Samuel A. Hamilton, Russell D. Bush, Peter A. WindsorAbstractFoot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a significant endemic transboundary animal disease in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and throughout the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). The disease has been shown to perpetuate the cycle of smallholder poverty through reduced animal production, plus limitations on market access for trad...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 7, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of brucellosis in Mississippi shelter dogs
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Kristina Hubbard, Min Wang, David R. SmithAbstractCanine brucellosis is an emerging disease and compatible with a One Health management approach. Previous research has found higher prevalence of Brucella canis in stray dog populations than in owned animals, and shelter dogs may represent a zoonotic risk to pet owners. Dogs may also contract other Brucella spp., including Brucella suis, which is carried by some feral swine in the United States and poses a public health risk.Diagnostic tests for Brucella spp. are imperfect. Mi...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 6, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Sow removal in commercial herds: Patterns and animal level factors in Finland
Publication date: 1 November 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 159Author(s): Paula Bergman, Yrjö Tapio Gröhn, Päivi Rajala-Schultz, Anna-Maija Virtala, Claudio Oliviero, Olli Peltoniemi, Mari HeinonenAbstractThis observational retrospective cohort study provides benchmarking information on recent sow productivity development in Finnish herds. It focuses on parity cycle specific trends in sow removal patterns, and especially on the role of litter performance (size and piglet survival) in sow removal. In addition, the generated models offer a tool for calculating sow removal risks in any perio...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 6, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Epidemiological surveillance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in extensively raised pigs in the south of Spain
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): David Cano-Terriza, María A. Risalde, Pablo Rodríguez-Hernández, Sebastián Napp, Manuel Fernández-Morente, Inmaculada Moreno, Javier Bezos, Vicente Fernández-Molera, José L. Sáez, Ignacio García-BocanegraAbstractThe role of domestic pigs in the epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) is considered to be limited due to the characteristics of intensive production systems. However, in southwestern Spain, Iberian pigs are usually raised under extensi...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Connectivity-based risk ranking of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAv) outbreaks for targeted surveillance planning in Canada and the USA
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): R. Gautam, D. Price, C.W. Revie, I.A. Gardner, R. Vanderstichel, L. Gustafson, K. Klotins, M. BeattieABSTRACTInfectious salmon anaemia (ISA) can be a serious viral disease of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). A tool to rank susceptible farms based on the risk of ISA virus (ISAv) infection spread from infectious farms after initial incursion or re-occurrence in an endemic area, can help guide monitoring and surveillance activities. Such a tool could also support the response strategy to contain virus spread, given availab...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

A cross-sectional survey to evaluate the pet squirrel population and ownership profiles
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Dario d’Ovidio, Federica PirroneAbstractWhile the presence of squirrels in households is growing, little data is published on their status in captivity. A web-based questionnaire for owners was devised eliciting information about them, their squirrels and their squirrels’ husbandry and health. One hundred owners answered the survey, with most respondents being located in Europe (n = 81). Only data from these respondents were analysed. Twenty-five percents of the owners housed an invasive non-native ...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Using Research on Self-Regulation to Understand and Tackle the Challenges that Owners Face Helping their (Overweight) Dogs Lose Weight
Publication date: Available online 3 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Thomas L. Webb, Marta KrasuskaAbstractThe present research sought to (i) understand the challenges that dog owners encounter in helping their pet lose weight, and (ii) develop and test an intervention designed to help dog owners to deal with these challenges. A series of focus groups (N = 79 dog owners, veterinarians, and industry experts) informed the content of an intervention designed to prompt owners to form if-then plans (or “implementation intentions”) identifying challenges (e.g., inclement w...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 4, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

How effective are interventions designed to help owners to change their behaviour so as to manage the weight of their companion dogs? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusions and clinical relevanceThe findings of the review suggest that targeting owners’ behaviour can be an effective way to reduce overweight and obesity among companion dogs. However, this conclusion is based on a limited number of studies and so we hope that the present findings serve as the impetus for further research in this area. (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 4, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

The impact of anthelmintic drugs on weight gain of smallholder goats in subtropical regions
Publication date: Available online 1 September 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Paul R. Bessell, Neil D. Sargison, Kichuki Mirende, Ranjit Dash, Sanjay Prasad, Lamyaa Al-Riyami, Neil Gammon, Kristin Stuke, Roy Woolley, Miftahul Islam Barbaruah, Philemon WamburaAbstractHelminth infections are recognised as a major impediment to the productivity of goats in smallholder production systems. We used a multilevel framework to estimate the impact that administration of locally available anthelminthic drugs can have on the weight gains of goats in smallholder settings in India and Tanzania.We recruited 234&thin...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 3, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Epidemiology of pseudorabies in intensive pig farms in Shanghai, China: herd-level prevalence and risk factors
This study suggested that PR was highly endemic in intensive pig farms in Shanghai. The risk and protective factors identified in this study could be useful to improve the prevention policy of PR in Shanghai and other areas of China. (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - September 3, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Risk factors for the occurrence of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in Danish pig herds
Publication date: Available online 28 August 2018Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Anna Irene Vedel Sørensen, Vibeke Frøkjær Jensen, Anette Boklund, Tariq Halasa, Hanne Christensen, Nils ToftAbstractLivestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) is widespread in many European countries including Denmark, where 88% of randomly selected production herds tested positive in 2016.In the present study, we investigated herd-level risk factors for farms being classified as LA-MRSA positive (study 1), in addition to herd-level risk factors for farms changing status from...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - August 29, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research