Bridging the epidemiology-policy divide: A consequential and evidence-based framework to optimize population health
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Daniel KimAbstractEpidemiology is the scientific cornerstone of public health. Its traditional role has been to test scientific hypotheses on causal relationships of exposures with health outcomes, the results of which should in turn be synthesized and lead to evidence-based recommendations and the formation of policy. However, the messy truth is that the path from epidemiology to policy is frequently not a perfectly rational, linear one, and the choices of which scientific hypotheses are pursued and the ways in which they are tested, eval...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Does the built environment influence the effectiveness of behavioral weight management interventions?
This study compared short- and longer-term effects of a structured nationwide weight management program for people living in neighborhoods with different levels of walkability and different access to recreational places (parks, fitness facilities). Drawing on the health production model, we tested competing hypotheses for whether treatment effects of the program complement environmental supports or substitute for environmental constraints. We studied the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) MOVE! weight management program using VA electronic heath record data (2009–2014) and a difference-in-differences design with ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Youth self-reported exposure to and perceptions of vaping advertisements: Findings from the 2017 International Tobacco Control Youth Tobacco and Vaping Survey
This study aims to examine youth exposure to and perceptions of vaping ads in Canada, England, and the US, three countries with varying vaping product advertising regulations. Data were analyzed from the 2017 ITC Youth Tobacco and Vaping Survey, an online survey of youth aged 16 to 19 years from a consumer panel (n = 12,064). The survey assessed vaping product ad exposure in the prior month, including channels, perceived appeal, and perceived target audience. Most young people reported some vaping product ad exposure in the past 30 days (Canada = 74%, England = 83%, US = 81%). Among those exposed to vap...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Resistance training in addition to aerobic activity is associated with lower likelihood of depression and comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms: A cross sectional analysis of Australian women
This study aimed to determine the association between meeting recommendations for aerobic PA and/or RT, and symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. Participants were Australian female members of the 10,000 Steps project (n = 5180, 50.0 ± 11.5 years). Symptoms of depression and anxiety were determined using the Depression Anxiety Stress Score. Participants were grouped as ‘depression only’, ‘anxiety only’, ‘co-occurring depression and anxiety’ or ‘neither depression nor anxiety’ based on relevant subscale score (cut-points: depression≥14 points, anxiety≥1...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of cardiovascular health through early adulthood and health-related quality of life in middle age: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Lindsay R. Pool, Hongyan Ning, Mark D. Huffman, Jared P. Reis, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Norrina B. AllenAbstractPrevious studies have linked cardiovascular health (CVH) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), but only in cross-sectional analyses where temporality cannot be established. The aim of this study was to determine trajectories of CVH from early adulthood to middle age, and examine their association with HRQoL in middle age. This analysis, conducted in 2018, included 3275 participants of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Y...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Receipt of direct tobacco mail/email coupons and coupon redemption: Demographic and socioeconomic disparities among adult smokers in the United States
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Amira Osman, Tara Queen, Kelvin Choi, Adam O. GoldsteinAbstractA key marketing strategy used by tobacco companies to lower tobacco product prices is the distribution of tobacco coupons via direct marketing channels such as mail or email. We analyzed data on adult smokers from Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study (n = 10,994) to examine the prevalence and correlates of coupon receipt via both channels, and associations with cigarette coupon redemption. Overall, 22% and 32% of smokers received tobacco co...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Natural American Spirit's pro-environment packaging and perceptions of reduced-harm cigarettes
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Anna E. Epperson, Eric F. Lambin, Lisa Henriksen, Michael Baiocchi, June A. Flora, Judith J. ProchaskaAbstractNatural American Spirit (NAS) cigarettes feature a pro-environment marketing campaign on the packs. The NAS “Respect for the Earth” campaign is the first example of on-the-pack corporate social responsibility advertising. In a randomized survey design, we tested perceptions of NAS relative to other cigarette brands on harms to self, others, and the environment. Never (n = 421), former (n = 135), and current (n...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Clinical counseling on sun protection and indoor tanning avoidance: A survey of current practices among U.S. health care providers
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Dawn M. Holman, Jin Qin, Elizabeth A. Gottschlich, Sophie J. BalkAbstractClinicians can play a role in skin cancer prevention by counseling their patients on use of sun protection and indoor tanning avoidance. We used data from the 2016 DocStyles, a web-based survey of U.S. primary care providers, to examine skin cancer prevention counseling practices among 1506 providers. In 2018, we conducted logistic regression analyses to examine factors associated with regularly providing counseling. Almost half (48.5%) of all providers reported regul...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

U.S. news media coverage of solutions to the opioid crisis, 2013–2017
We examined the proportion of news stories mentioning treatment, harm reduction, prevention, criminal justice, opioid prescribing, pharmaceutical manufacturer, insurer, and other solutions. News stories were coded using a structured coding instrument, and 200 news stories were double-coded to ensure interrater reliability. Data were collected and analyzed in 2018. Treatment (mentioned in 33% of news stories), harm reduction (30%), and prevention (24%) solutions were the most frequently mentioned types of solutions. Several evidence-based public health solutions received little news coverage: medication treatment for opioid...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Food insecurity transitions and smoking behavior among older adults who smoke
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Rachel S. BergmansAbstractCross-sectional data reveal that smoking cigarettes is highly prevalent among those who are food insecure. However, there is limited and conflicting evidence concerning whether causal factors may influence associations of food insecurity with smoking behavior. Additionally, temporality is a core feature of food insecurity that should be considered when examining linkages between food insecurity and health behaviors like smoking cessation. In 2019, data were extracted from waves 2012 and 2014 of the Health and Reti...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correlates of colorectal cancer screening rates in primary care clinics serving low income, medically underserved populations
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Krishna P. Sharma, Amy DeGroff, Lia Scott, Sundar Shrestha, Stephanie Melillo, Susan A. SabatinoAbstractIntroductionScreening for colorectal cancer (CRC) is effective in reducing CRC burden. Primary care clinics have an important role in increasing screening. We investigated associations between clinic-level CRC screening rates of the clinics serving low income, medically underserved population, and clinic-level screening interventions, clinic characteristics and community contexts.MethodsUsing data (2015–16) from the Centers for Dis...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Lifestyle and occupational factors associated with participation in colorectal cancer screening among men and women in Australia
This study explores the associations between lifestyle and occupational factors and participation in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among men and women aged 50 and over and living in Australia. We used weighted data from the Australian National Health Survey 2014–15 to produce population estimates. Lifestyle variables investigated were smoking, physical activity, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption, and body mass index, while the occupational variables were labour force status, occupation, and participation in shift work. Using weighted data, 1,990,287 men (55%) and 1,898,232 women (49%) reported ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Deploying science to change hearts and minds: Responding to the opioid crisis
This article is a call to action for the scientific community to ensure that scientific evidence is guiding patient care, funding for treatment, and policy decisions that address the opioid epidemic. (Source: Preventive Medicine)
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual risk behaviors and STDs among persons who inject drugs: A national study
We describe demographic characteristics, sexual behaviors, and self-reported STD diagnoses of sexually active women and men, separately, by whether they had ever engaged in injection-related behaviors (age 15–44; N = 9006 women, N = 7210 men). Results indicate that in 2011–15, 1.4% of women and 2.6% of men reported ever engaging in injection-related behaviors. Examining the full logistic regression models indicate that for women, sex with a PWID in the past 12 months (AOR = 5.8, 95% CI: 2.9, 11.7), exchanging money/drugs for sex in the past 12 months (AOR = 3.6, 95% CI: 1.2, 10.9), chlamydia...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Are parent involvement and school quality associated with adult smoking behaviors? Findings from an urban early childhood cohort
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Arthur J. Reynolds, Sophia W. Magro, Suh-Ruu Ou, Lauren EalesAbstractAlthough smoking prevention is a high priority, few studies have examined alterable family and school context factors in childhood that influence later smoking behaviors. The present study examined associations of parent involvement in and expectations for children's education, elementary school quality, and school mobility with lifetime smoking history in adulthood for a low-income, minority cohort. Participants from the Chicago Longitudinal Study (N = 1142) were int...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Frequency of E-cigarette use and cigarette smoking among Canadian students
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Sunday Azagba, Kebba Kah, Keely LathamAbstractThe emergence of electronic nicotine delivery systems (commonly referred to as e-cigarette) has created an ongoing public health debate and concerns, especially among adolescents. The present study examined associations between the frequency of e-cigarette use and cigarette smoking among school students. Data on students (grades 7–12) was obtained from the 2016–2017 Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (n = 51,661). Multivariable logistic regression analyses were c...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Post-release treatment uptake among participants of the Rhode Island Department of Corrections comprehensive medication assisted treatment program
The objective of this study was to elucidate perceived barriers for individuals who participated in RIDOC's MAT program while incarcerated. Of the 588 individuals eligible for this study, 227 phone surveys were completed with 214 individuals. Data relevant to demographic characteristics, probation/parole status, retention in MAT treatment, MAT type received during incarceration, MAT treatment history, location where they received community treatment, perceived barriers to treatment, and future goals for MAT were collected. Simple percentages, frequencies, means, and standard deviations were calculated with SPSS. Most parti...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acceptability of financial incentives for health-related behavior change: An updated systematic review
The objectives of this systematic review are to identify what is known about financial incentives directed to patients for health-related behavior change, assess how acceptability varies, and address which aspects and features of financial incentives are potentially acceptable and not acceptable, and why.PRISMA guidelines were used for searching peer-reviewed journals across 10 electronic databases. We included empirical and non-empirical papers published between 1/1/14 and 6/1/18. After removal of duplicates, abstract screening, and full-text reviews, 47 papers (n = 31 empirical, n = 16 scholarly) met inclusion cr...
Source: Preventive Medicine - July 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Re: Letter to the Editor: The population attributable risk of cancers for lack of physical activity in Canada by Michel D. Wissing
Publication date: Available online 30 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Christine M. Friedenreich (Source: Preventive Medicine)
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A longitudinal study of neighbourhood conditions and depression in ageing European adults: Do the associations vary by exposure to childhood stressors?
This study assessed the longitudinal associations of access to services and neighbourhood nuisance with depression among older adults, and tested whether these associations varied by exposure to childhood stressors. Data were drawn from the cross-national Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, a prospective cohort study between 2004/2005 and 2015, representative for European adults over the age of 50. Individual perceptions of neighbourhood were measured at baseline; childhood stressors, defined as socioeconomic conditions, adverse experiences and health problems, were collected retrospectively. Multilevel logi...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Tobacco use increases risk of food insecurity: An analysis of continuous NHANES data from 1999 to 2014
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Margaret Mayer, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Xiaomei Ma, Marney A. WhiteAbstractTobacco use is a major health disparities issue in the United States; it is much more common in less-educated and lower-income groups. These groups also experience a higher prevalence of food insecurity. Previous studies analyzing the association between tobacco use and food insecurity have focused on only cigarettes. We assessed the relationship between food insecurity and use of cigarettes, alternative tobacco products (cigars, electronic cigarettes, smokeless tobacc...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Personality traits and preventive cancer screenings in the health retirement study
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Damaris Aschwanden, Mary A. Gerend, Martina Luchetti, Yannick Stephan, Angelina R. Sutin, Antonio TerraccianoAbstractThe Five-Factor model of personality has been associated with a wide range of health behaviors and health outcomes. However, few studies have examined whether personality traits are related to cancer screening in older adults. The present study investigated the cross-sectional associations between personality traits and the probability of obtaining a recent preventive screening for breast, cervical, prostate, and colorectal ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Patterns of tobacco use among smokers prior to hospitalization for an acute cardiac event: Use of combusted and non-combusted products
This study aimed at characterizing the use of other non-combusted tobacco products in addition to combusted products among cardiac patients and identifying a profile of patients who are more likely to use non-combusted products. Patients (N = 168) hospitalized for a coronary event who reported being current cigarette smokers completed a survey querying sociodemographics, cardiac diagnoses, use of other tobacco products, and perceptions towards these products. Classification and regression tree (CART) analysis was used to identify which interrelationships of participants characteristics led to profiles of smoking cardia...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A gender-stratified, multilevel latent class assessment of chronic disease risk behaviours' association with Body Mass Index among youth in the COMPASS study
This study found that gender differences are apparent in chronic disease risk behaviour latent classes and their association with BMI. INC males (OR = 0.85, 95% CI = 0.78, 0.93) were associated with a lower odds of overweight/obesity relative to active males who experimented with substance use. As for females, the class with the highest proportion of youth using substances were associated with higher odds (Females: OR = 1.2, 95% CI = 1.1, 1.4) of overweight/obesity relative to their active experimenting peers. As such, youth in latent classes with substance use are associated with higher BMI and weight stat...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adverse childhood experiences and electronic cigarette use among young Australian women
This study aimed to investigate the association between ACEs and e-cigarette use.Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were used. Study respondents (N = 8915) from the 1989–95 cohort (third wave) aged 19–26 years completed an online survey in 2015. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between ACEs and e-cigarette use, adjusted for socio-demographic variables and smoking status.Participants who reported past year e-cigarette use were more likely to report childhood psychological abuse (Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.45, 99%CI: 1.11, 1.90),...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Integrated outpatient treatment of opioid use disorder and injection-related infections: A description of a new care model
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Laura C. Fanucchi, Sharon L. Walsh, Alice C. Thornton, Michelle R. LofwallAbstractPersons with opioid use disorder (OUD) hospitalized with severe, injection-related infections (SIRI) are frequently hospitalized for the duration of IV antibiotic treatment due to concerns regarding their eligibility for outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT), which is the standard of care for prolonged IV antibiotic courses for patients without drug use. As part of a pilot study, a novel, integrated care model was developed where patients with OU...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Clean indoor air laws, cigarette excise taxes, and smoking: Results from the current population survey-tobacco use supplement, 2003–2011
Publication date: September 2019Source: Preventive Medicine, Volume 126Author(s): Ramin Mojtabai, Kira E. Riehm, Joanna E. Cohen, G. Caleb Alexander, Lainie RutkowAbstractThere was an increase in the number and coverage of state and local clean indoor air laws in the US during the past fifteen years. These laws coincided with increases in federal, state, and local cigarette excise taxes. In light of these changes, the objective of this study was to examine the association between clean indoor air laws, cigarette excise taxes and smoking patterns between 2003 and 2011. Using data on 62,165 adult participants in the 2003 and...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Estimates of the current and future burden of melanoma attributable to ultraviolet radiation in Canada” [Prev. Med. 122 (2019) 81–90]
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Dylan E. O'Sullivan, Darren R. Brenner, Paul J. Villeneuve, Stephen D. Walter, Paul A. Demers, Christine M. Friedenreich, Will D. King, ComPARe Study Team (Source: Preventive Medicine)
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Enjoyment, self-efficacy, and physical activity within parent-adolescent dyads: Application of the actor-partner interdependence model
Publication date: Available online 19 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Ryan D. BurnsAbstractIt is unclear the role of salient psychosocial variables, such as physical activity (PA) enjoyment and self-efficacy, has on PA within parent-adolescent dyads. The purpose of this study was to examine the interdependent relationships among enjoyment, efficacy, and self-reported PA within parent-adolescent dyads using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). The sample consisted of 1854 parent-adolescent dyads enrolled in the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study. A panel research organiza...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The planning and reporting of mixed methods studies on the built environment and health
The objective of this paper is to assist those conducting research on the built environment and health who may have little background in mixed methods. We provide an overview of mixed methods research designs and provide concrete techniques for the integration of diverse methods. We also discuss the recommendations for mixed methods research in the field of built environment – health research, drawing on specific examples from published studies. Reporting a research design and an integration strategy in mixed methods studies could help to strengthen our ability to gain new insights into the multidimensional nature of...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Facts or stories? How to use social media for cervical cancer prevention: A multi-method study of the effects of sender type and content type on increased message sharing
Publication date: Available online 19 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Jingwen Zhang, Gem Le, David Larochelle, Rena Pasick, George F. Sawaya, Urmimala Sarkar, Damon CentolaAbstractSocial media has become a valuable tool for disseminating cancer prevention information. However, the design of messages for achieving wide dissemination remains poorly understood. We conducted a multi-method study to identify the effects of sender type (individuals or organizations) and content type (personal experiences or factual information) on promoting the spread of cervical cancer prevention messages over social media. First...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cancer mortality rates among US and foreign-born individuals: United States 2005–2014
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Benjamin D. Hallowell, Meheret Endeshaw, Matthew T. McKenna, Virginia Senkomago, Hilda Razzaghi, Mona SaraiyaAbstractFrom 1970 to 2010 the foreign-born population in the United States has rapidly increased from 9.6 to 40.0 million individuals. Historically, differences in cancer rates have been observed between US-born and foreign-born individuals. However, comprehensive and up-to-date data on US cancer rates by birth place is lacking. To compare cancer mortality rates among foreign and US-born individuals, population-based cancer mortalit...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prospective associations of happiness and optimism with lifestyle over up to two decades
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Peter James, Eric S. Kim, Emily S. Zevon, Francine Grodstein, Laura D. KubzanskyAbstractGreater levels of psychological well-being are associated with reduced disease and mortality risk, and lifestyle habits may be potential mechanisms underlying these relationships. Prospective studies show that positive psychological factors enhance the likelihood of adopting specific health behaviors; yet, whether they promote the adoption of multiple healthy behaviors, which can have a multiplicative effect on disease and mor...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in participation in teen pregnancy and STI prevention programming, 2002–2016
We examined fifteen years of cross-sectional data (2002–2016, N = 234,803) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Our main outcome was youth self-reported (no/yes) past-year participation in a pregnancy or STI prevention program. Survey adjusted prevalence estimates and logistic regression analysis were used to examine trends in participation. Youth participation in pregnancy and STI prevention programming decreased significantly from a high of 15% in 2003 to a low of 7% in 2016. Representing a 53% proportional decline in youth participation, this downward trend was significant even when controlling for...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: August 2019Source: Preventive Medicine, Volume 125Author(s): (Source: Preventive Medicine)
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Associations between psychological distress and health-related behaviors among adults with chronic kidney disease
Publication date: Available online 11 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Namkee G. Choi, John E. Sullivan, Diana M. DiNitto, Mark E. KunikAbstractChronic kidney disease (CKD) affects 15% of the US general population, and this rate is projected to increase. A healthy lifestyle is important for individuals with CKD to reduce risk for CKD progression and adverse heath events. Adults with CKD also have high rates of psychological distress, which may be associated with unhealthy behaviors. Using the 2013–2017 public use data files of the US National Health Interview Survey, we compared health behaviors (smokin...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Quality and quantity: The association of state-level educational policies with later life cardiovascular disease
We examined thirteen CVD-related outcomes—including blood pressure, cholesterol, and heart attack—to understand the multiple pathways through which educational quality may influence CVD. The primary predictor was a composite index of educational quality, combining state-level measures of student-teacher ratios, per-pupil expenditures, and school term length. We fit multivariable models, regressing each outcome on the educational quality composite index and adjusting for individual- and state-level covariates. We also assessed whether the association between state educational quality and CVD differed for less ed...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Affordable Care Act and cancer stage at diagnosis in an underserved population
Publication date: Available online 11 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Yan Lu, Bradford E. Jackson, Aaron W. Gehr, Deanna Cross, Latha Neerukonda, Bhavna Tanna, Bassam Ghabach, Rohit P. OjhaAbstractThe Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased insurance coverage among underserved individuals, but the effect of ACA on cancer diagnosis is currently debated, particularly in Medicaid non-expansion states. Therefore, we aimed to assess the effect of ACA implementation on stage at diagnosis among underserved cancer patients in Texas, a Medicaid non-expansion state. We used data from the institu...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of secondhand smoke exposure in the home and in a vehicle among youth in the United States
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Israel Agaku, Satomi Odani, Brian A. King, Armour BrianAbstractPrivate settings are major sources of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among youth. We measured prevalence and correlates of youth exposures to home and vehicle SHS. The 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey of U.S. 6th–12th graders was analyzed (n = 20,675). Past-7-day home or vehicle SHS exposures were self-reported. Descriptive and multivariable analyses were performed on weighted data. Among all students, past-7-day SHS exposures were: vehicle (21.4%, 5.56 million); ho...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Clean indoor air laws, cigarette excise taxes, and smoking
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Ramin Mojtabai, Kira E. Riehm, Joanna E. Cohen, G. Caleb Alexander, Lainie RutkowAbstractThere was a marked increase in the number and coverage of state and local clean indoor air laws in the US during the past fifteen years. These laws coincided with increases in federal, state, and local cigarette excise taxes. In light of these changes, the objective of this study was to examine the association between clean indoor air laws, cigarette excise taxes and smoking patterns between 2003 and 2011. Using data on 62,165 adult participants in the ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and maternal characteristics associated with receipt of prenatal care provider counseling about medications safe to take during pregnancy
We examined associations between counseling and maternal characteristics using adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR). The prevalence of counseling on medications safe to take during pregnancy was 89.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 88.7–89.7). Women who were nulliparous versus multiparous (aPR 1.03; 95% CI: 1.02–1.04), who used prescription medications before pregnancy versus those who did not, (aPR 1.03; 95% CI: 1.02–1.05), and who reported having asthma before pregnancy versus those who did not, (aPR 1.05; 95% CI: 1.01–1.08) were more likely to report receipt of counseling. There was no difference in ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Towards risk-stratified colorectal cancer screening. Adding risk factors to the fecal immunochemical test: Evidence, evolution and expectations
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Wessel van de Veerdonk, Sarah Hoeck, Marc Peeters, Guido Van HalAbstractWith increasing incidence and mortality, colorectal cancer (CRC) is a growing health problem worldwide. An effective way to address CRC is by screening for fecal (occult) blood by the fecal immunochemical test (FIT). However, there is room for improvement since precursor lesions and CRC bleed intermittent and can therefore be missed by the FIT (false negatives) or, the detected blood did not result from precursor lesions or CRC (false positives).This review provides the...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Predicting geographical variation in health-related quality of life
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Pallavi Dwivedi, Quynh Nguyen, Dina Huang, Weijun YuAbstractGoods and services provided by businesses can either promote health or represent an additional risk factor. We assessed the association between business pattern indicators and the prevalence of adult obesity, diabetes, physical inactivity, fair or poor health and frequent physical and mental distress. Data on business types were obtained from the 2013 U.S. Census Bureau County Business Patterns. County health data were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Di...
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Motivational interviewing in eHealth and telehealth interventions for weight loss: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Michele L. Patel, Lindsay N. Wakayama, Michelle B. Bass, Jessica Y. BrelandAbstractThe alarming prevalence of adult obesity warrants consideration of treatments with broad reach; digital health interventions meet this need and have demonstrated efficacy for weight loss. One approach that can be delivered remotely is motivational interviewing – a counseling style that helps resolve ambivalence to change unhealthy behavior. This is the first review to systematically examine eHealth and telehealth interventions that incorporate motivatio...
Source: Preventive Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cognitive resources moderate the adverse impact of poor perceived neighborhood conditions on self-reported physical activity of older adults
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Boris Cheval, Amanda L. Rebar, Matthew W. Miller, Stefan Sieber, Dan Orsholits, Gergő Baranyi, Delphine Courvoisier, Stéphane Cullati, David Sander, Aïna Chalabaev, Matthieu P. BoisgontierAbstractPoor neighborhood conditions are associated with lower levels of physical activity for older adults but socio-ecological models posit that physical activity depends on both environmental and individual factors. Older adults' ability to overcome environmental barriers to physical activity may partially rely on cognitive resources. Howev...
Source: Preventive Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The opioid epidemic in rural northern New England: An approach to epidemiologic, policy, and legal surveillance
We present an approach to characterizing the epidemiology, policy and resource environment for OUD and its consequences, with a focus on eleven rural counties in Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Vermont between 2014 and 2018. We developed health policy summaries and logic models to facilitate comparison of opioid epidemic-related polices across the three states that could influence the risk environment and access to services. We assessed sociodemographic factors, rates of overdose and infectious complications tied to OUD, and drive-time access to prevention and treatment resources. We developed GIS maps and conducted spati...
Source: Preventive Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A review of the cost-effectiveness of adult influenza vaccination and other preventive services
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Nazila M. Dabestani, Andrew J. Leidner, Eric E. Seiber, Hyoshin Kim, Samuel B. Graitcer, Ivo M. Foppa, Carolyn B. BridgesAbstractThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend annual influenza vaccination of persons ≥6 months old. However, in 2016–17, only 43.3% of U.S. adults reported receiving an influenza vaccination. Limited awareness about the cost-effectiveness (CE) or the economic value of influenza vaccination may contribute to low vaccination coverage. In 2017, we conducted a literature review to survey estimat...
Source: Preventive Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Licensed firearm dealer availability and intimate partner homicide: A multilevel analysis in sixteen states
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Richard Stansfield, Daniel SemenzaAbstractThis paper investigates the association between legal access to firearms in the community through licensed dealers and homicides perpetrated by intimate partners (IPH). We conducted a series of multilevel negative binomial models to assess the relationship between the rate of county-level federally licensed firearm dealers and intimate partner homicides, by gender and age, controlling for leading macro-level correlates of IPH. The rate of county-level federally licensed firearm dealers is significan...
Source: Preventive Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of pill mill laws on opioid overdose deaths in Ohio & Tennessee: A mixed-methods case study
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): S.C. Brighthaupt, E.M. Stone, L. Rutkow, E.E. McGintyAbstractPill mill laws impose strict regulations on pain management clinics to prevent them from issuing opioid prescriptions without medical indication. To date, little is known about the implementation or effects of these laws on opioid overdose deaths. A previously untested concern is that by restricting access to prescription opioids, pill mill laws could increase overdose from heroin and synthetic opioids, like illicitly produced fentanyl. We evaluated the effects of pill mill laws o...
Source: Preventive Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health educational background as a predictor of non-participation in national colorectal cancer screening: A cross-sectional population study among 886,088 invited Danes
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Ulrik Deding, Henrik Vardinghus-Nielsen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Henrik BøggildAbstractHealth information knowledge may affect attitude toward colorectal cancer screening, but the participation of health educated citizens are unknown. Therefore, we investigated non-participation in a sample of 886,088 invited participants, based on educational length, type, and level. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the odds of non-participation in Danish men and women based on educational type and length. Models were adjuste...
Source: Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research