Effects of partial sleep deprivation on reaction time in anesthesiologists
ConclusionReaction time increased considerably in anesthesiologists after a night call duty. Greater subjective reliance on avoidance as a coping strategy was associated with greater deterioration in performance. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 29, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Haleh Saadat, Bruno Bissonnette, Dmitry Tumin, Vidya Raman, Julie Rice, N ‘Diris Barry, Joseph Tobias Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Community ‐based participatory research: an innovative approach for improving perioperative care of underserved children
Summary Pediatric disparities disproportionately affect Latino youth undergoing surgery and their families. As such, there is a critical need for culturally relevant frameworks that can advance perioperative intervention approaches in this population and reduce these disparities. In the following article, we first describe the methodological process of community‐based participatory research (CBPR) and next report the results of the CBPR process that was conducted in this population. An interdisciplinary group of investigators, Latina mothers, and various other stakeholders met for a series of CBPR‐based structured meet...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 29, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Alvina Rosales, Michelle A. Fortier, Belinda Campos, Marla Vivero, Ariana Martinez, Nancy Huerta, Sheeva Zolghadr, Kathleen Adlard, Zeev N. Kain Tags: Special Interest Article Source Type: research

First steps in validating the pediatric anesthesia parent satisfaction (PAPS) survey
ConclusionsThe PAPS survey is a short and simple tool for evaluation of parent satisfaction with pediatric anesthesia services and provides some evidence for validity and reliability. The majority (greater than 95%) of parents reported were satisfied or very satisfied with the care provided by the pediatric anesthesia department. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 29, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Sarah J. Milliken ‐Glabe, Jeannie Zuk, Sonja I. Ziniel, Kara A. Bjur, Monica Alvarez, Judit M. Szolnoki, Norah R. Janosy Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Success rate of pneumatic reduction of intussusception with and without sedation
ConclusionThe findings suggest that the pneumatic reduction of intussusception under propofol‐based sedation had a slightly higher success rate than the pneumatic reduction of intussusception without sedation; however, the safety of this practice is yet to be determined. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 29, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Oren Feldman, Giora Weiser, Mona Hanna, Ori Devir, Uri Balla, David W. Johnson, Eran Kozer, Itai Shavit Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

A retrospective review of anesthesia and perioperative care in children with medium ‐chain acyl‐CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
ConclusionsPerioperative metabolic decompensation and hypoglycemia appear to be uncommon in children who are well and receive glucose supplementation. Hyperglycemia may occur as a consequence of surgery and glucose supplementation. Propofol boluses and volatile anesthetic agents were used without any apparent complications. Prolonged action of atracurium was reported in one case, suggesting that nondepolarizing muscle relaxants may have delayed offset in this patient group. We do not recommend any particular approach to anesthesia but would advise administering glucose supplementation according to current guidelines, frequ...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 29, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Claire Allen, Russell Perkins, Bernd Schwahn Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

The timing and prevalence of intraoperative hypotension in infants undergoing laparoscopic pyloromyotomy at a tertiary pediatric hospital
Summary BackgroundIntraoperative hypotension may be associated with adverse outcomes in children undergoing surgery. Infants and neonates under 6 months of age have less autoregulatory cerebral reserve than older infants, yet little information exists regarding when and how often intraoperative hypotension occurs in infants. AimsTo better understand the epidemiology of intraoperative hypotension in infants, we aimed to determine the prevalence of intraoperative hypotension in a generally uniform population of infants undergoing laparoscopic pyloromyotomy. MethodsVital sign data from electronic records of infants who underw...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 28, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Allan F. Simpao, Luis M. Ahumada, Jorge A. G álvez, Christopher P. Bonafide, Elicia C. Wartman, William Randall England, Arul M. Lingappan, Todd J. Kilbaugh, Abbas F. Jawad, Mohamed A. Rehman Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

A qualitative exploration of anesthesia trainees' experiences during transition to a children's hospital
ConclusionsThe impact of disorientation and anxiety on anesthesia trainees as they adapt to a highly specialized clinical environment such as a children's hospital should not be underestimated. Study findings illustrate the importance of helping new trainees to feel less afraid, more useful, and more realistic in assessing their own performance during the transition period. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 23, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Peter W. Howe, Koshila Kumar Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

A retrospective comparison of intrathecal morphine and epidural hydromorphone for analgesia following posterior spinal fusion in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis
ConclusionThe efficacy of intraoperative intrathecal morphine for postoperative analgesia in the posterior spinal fusion patient population has been shown previously; however, the pain and analgesic trajectory, including transition to other analgesics, has not previously been studied. Our findings suggest that for many patients, use of intrathecal morphine in addition to routine administration of nonopioid medications facilitates direct transition to oral analgesics in the early postoperative period and earlier routine ambulation and discharge of posterior spinal fusion patients. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 21, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Rebecca A. Hong, Kathleen M. Gibbons, G. Ying Li, Ashlee Holman, Terri Voepel ‐Lewis Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Current evidence for the use of sugammadex in children
Summary Sugammadex is a novel pharmacologic agent, which reverses neuromuscular blockade with a mechanism that differs from the commonly used, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. Although sugammadex has not received approval from the United States Food & Drug administration in children, its use has already been reported to reverse neuromuscular blockade in several clinical scenarios in the pediatric population including the ‘cannot intubate–cannot ventilate’ scenario. To date, there remains limited data from prospective trials in the pediatric‐aged patient. Anecdotal use has been reported for the rever...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 17, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Joseph D. Tobias Tags: Educational Review Source Type: research

Reviewer list
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 15, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Reviewer List Source Type: research

Intravenous dexmedetomidine as an ‘adjuvant’ to the infant spinal anesthetic
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 15, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Matthew Monteleone, Howard Teng Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Acupuncture may be an effective supplement treatment for dexamethasone in pediatric tonsillectomy
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 15, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Juan Xin, Yabing Zhang, Xiaoshuang Zhou, Bin Liu Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Response to comment “Cox: alternative therapies and postoperative vomiting”
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 15, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Seham M. Moeen Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Comment on: S. M. Moeen ‘Could acupuncture be an adequate alternative to dexamethasone in pediatric tonsillectomy?’
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 15, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Satoshi Ideno, Hiroyuki Seki, Rie Wakamiya, Rie Minoshima, Hiroshi Morisaki Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

The airway device preference may affect the overlapping of the common carotid artery by the internal jugular vein
ConclusionsLaryngeal mask airway with 40° head rotation increases, whereas ETT decreases, the overlap percentage of CCA by IJV. Both head position and airway management methods have an influence on the overlap of the CCA by the IJV in pediatric patients. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 15, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Menekse Ozcelik, Cigdem Guclu, Basak Meco, Derya Oztuna, Ahmet Kucuk, Saban Yalcin, Zekeriyya Alanoglu, Neslihan Alkis Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

In this issue: December 2016
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 15, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew Davidson Tags: In this Issue Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 15, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Anesthetic management of premature conjoined twins posted for nonseparation emergency surgery
We describe the anesthetic management of a pair of premature craniopagus conjoined twins posted for emergency surgery prior to their separation. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 26, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Sunita Kulhari, Amit Rastogi, Ashish Kanaujia, Poulomi Biswas, Prabhat Kumar Singh Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

The effect of general anesthesia for ambulatory dental treatment on children in Chongqing, Southwest China
ConclusionsChildren's oral health‐related quality of life after DGA improved significantly. Meanwhile DGA showed a positive effect on the whole family and majority of families reported a high degree of satisfaction to it. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 25, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Zhang Chao, Huang Gui Jin, Yu Cong Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

A retrospective comparison of propofol alone to propofol in combination with dexmedetomidine for pediatric 3T MRI sedation
The objective was to compare adverse events and other outcome measures of patients sedated with propofol alone (Pro) and propofol preceded by a dexmedetomidine load (D+P). MethodsWe reviewed a sedation database and medical records for all children undergoing 3T MRI studies while sedated with propofol alone or propofol preceded by a dexmedetomidine load in 2014. ResultsTwo hundred and fifty‐six sedations were performed for MRI (87 Pro and 169 D+P). The two groups were comparable with regard to age, weight, gender, and American Society of Anesthesiologists status. Subjects in the D+P cohort had significantly fewer adverse ...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 24, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Juan P. Boriosi, Jens C. Eickhoff, Kristi B. Klein, Gregory A. Hollman Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Evaluation of I ‐Gel™ size 2 airway in different degrees of neck flexion in anesthetized children – a prospective, self‐controlled trial
Summary BackgroundA previous study by our group demonstrated an increase in oropharyngeal leak pressures and a deterioration of ventilation in maximum neck flexion with the I‐Gel™. To ascertain the optimal degree of neck flexion which increases OPLP without compromising ventilation we conducted a prospective self‐controlled trial with the I‐Gel™ in different degrees of neck flexion in anesthetized paralyzed children. MethodologyThe I‐gel™ was inserted in 60 children undergoing inhalation induction with muscle paralysis for routine general anesthesia. Recordings of peak inspiratory pressures (PIP) ...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 24, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Divya Jain, Babita Ghai, Komal Gandhi, Gargi Banerjee, Indu Bala, Ram Samujh Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Codeine use among children in the United States: a nationally representative study from 1996 to 2013
ConclusionsPediatric codeine use has declined since 1996; however, more than 1 million children still used codeine in 2013. Health care providers must be made aware of guidelines advising against the use of codeine in children. Codeine is potentially hazardous and safer alternatives to treat children's pain are available. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 24, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Margaret J. Livingstone, Cornelius B. Groenewald, Jennifer A. Rabbitts, Tonya M. Palermo Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Mortality following congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair: the role of anesthesia
ConclusionNeither the volume of intraoperative fluids administered nor the duration of anesthesia was associated with postoperative death. The OI 24 h postsurgery was the best predictor of an increased risk of mortality. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 24, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Chulananda Goonasekera, Kamal Ali, Ann Hickey, Lekshmi Sasidharan, Malcolm Mathew, Mark Davenport, Anne Greenough Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Pharmacokinetics and analgesic effectiveness of intravenous parecoxib for tonsillectomy ± adenoidectomy
ConclusionsParecoxib 0.9 mg·kg−1 in a 2‐year‐old, 0.75 mg·kg−1 in a 7‐year‐old, and 0.65 mg·kg−1 in a 12‐year‐old child achieves dose equivalence of 40 mg in a standard 70 kg person. Clearance maturation may occur in infants younger than the current cohort. Parecoxib doses above 1 mg·kg−1 add no additional analgesia. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 24, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Lena Tan, Elsa Taylor, Jacqueline A. Hannam, Lesley Salkeld, Sam Salman, Brian J. Anderson Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Dexmedetomidine use in patients undergoing electrophysiological study for supraventricular tachyarrhythmias
Summary BackgroundDexmedetomidine is a selective alpha‐2 adrenergic agonist with sedative, analgesic, and anxiolytic properties. Dexmedetomidine has not been approved for use in pediatrics. Dexmedetomidine has been reported to depress sinus node and atrioventricular nodal function in pediatric patients; it has been suggested that the use of dexmedetomidine may not be desirable during electrophysiological studies. AimWe hypothesize that the use of dexmedetomidine does not inhibit the induction of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (SVT) during electrophysiological studies and does not inhibit the ablation of such arrhythmi...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 24, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Christopher F. Tirotta, Tuan Nguyen, Steven Fishberger, Evelio Velis, Melissa Olen, Lourdes Lam, Danielle R. Madril, Jessica Hughes, Richard G. Lagueruela Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Adrenal insufficiency in neonates after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass
Abstract BackgroundCardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may lead to adrenal insufficiency (AI). Emerging evidence supports association of AI with morbidity after cardiac surgery. AimsThe aim of this study was to define AI incidence in neonates undergoing complex cardiac surgery with CPB and its association with intraoperative post‐CPB outcomes. MethodsForty subjects enrolled in a prior randomized control trial who received preoperative methylprednisolone as part of our institutional neonatal bypass protocol were included. No intraoperative steroids were given. ACTH stimulation tests were performed: preoperatively and 1 h after s...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 24, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Jack H. Crawford, Matthew S. Hull, Santiago Borasino, Brad L. Steenwyk, Kristal M. Hock, Kevin Wall, Jeffrey A. Alten Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Oral morphine dosing predictions based on single dose in healthy children undergoing surgery
ConclusionsOral morphine 200 mcg·kg−1 then 100 mcg·kg−1 4 h or 150 mcg·kg−1 6 h achieves mean concentrations associated with analgesia. There was high serum concentration variability suggesting that respiration may be compromised in some children given these doses. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 24, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Joy M. Dawes, Erin M. Cooke, Jacqueline A. Hannam, Katherine A. Brand, Pamela Winton, Ricardo Jimenez ‐Mendez, Katarina Aleksa, Gillian R. Lauder, Bruce C. Carleton, Gideon Koren, Michael J. Rieder, Brian J. Anderson, Carolyne J. Montgomery Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Alternative methods of lung isolation in cases of pediatric bilateral thoracoscopic surgery
Summary We compare airway management and lung isolation methods in two pediatric cases of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome undergoing bilateral throacoscopic phrenic‐nerve‐stimulator surgery. One child received lung isolation using a 7Fr bronchial blocker in conjunction with a 6.0 cuffed endotracheal tube; and the second received a technique of endobronchial intubation using a 3.5 microcuffed tube via the tracheostomy stoma in conjunction with 5.0 cuffed endotracheal intubation; a technique previously undescribed in pediatric patients. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 20, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Mark Wigginton, Laura Lehrian Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Perioperative intravenous fluid therapy in children: guidelines from the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany
The objective is to maintain or re‐establish the child's normal physiological state (normovolemia, normal tissue perfusion, normal metabolic function, normal acid‐ base‐ electrolyte status). Therefore, the perioperative fasting times should be as short as possible to prevent patient discomfort, dehydration, and ketoacidosis. A physiologically composed balanced isotonic electrolyte solution (BS) with 1–2.5% glucose is recommended for the intraoperative background infusion to maintain normal glucose concentrations and to avoid hyponatremia, hyperchloremia, and lipolysis. Additional BS without glucose can be used ...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 17, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Robert S ümpelmann, Karin Becke, Sebastian Brenner, Christian Breschan, Christoph Eich, Claudia Höhne, Martin Jöhr, Franz‐Josef Kretz, Gernot Marx, Lars Pape, Markus Schreiber, Jochen Strauss, Markus Weiss Tags: Special Interest Article Source Type: research

The continuing problem of perioperative hyponatremia
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 16, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Bin Zhang, Kate E. Balbi, Ronald S. Litman Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Unusually narrow caudal space with undue resistance to drug injection in a congenital adrenal hyperplasia child
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 16, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Rajasekar Arumugam, Ekta Rai, Sneha Ancheri, Revathi Thulasiraman Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Intraoperative hypercapnia and anesthesia emergence after pediatric ambulatory surgery
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 16, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Akihiro Kanaya, Norifumi Kuratani, Yu Kaiho, Masanori Yamauchi Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Occult intrasacral meningocele leading to inadvertent dural tap during caudal block detected by point of care ultrasonography
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 16, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Anju Gupta, Shreyans Shah, Mamta Sengar Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Can't you just pull the data? The limitations of using of the electronic medical record for research
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 16, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Morgan L. Brown Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

In this issue: November 2016
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 16, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew Davidson Tags: In this issue Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 16, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Revisiting acute normovolemic hemodilution and blood transfusion during pediatric cardiac surgery: a prospective observational study
ConclusionAcute normovolemic hemodilution protects the platelets from the untoward effects of cardiopulmonary bypass and offers an important autologous blood product that improves hemostasis at the conclusion of surgery. Platelet count and function are preserved regardless of the method of collection or the length of storage. The volume of ANH removed appears to be an important determinant of blood product use and further understanding of the impact of this variable is a future direction of upcoming prospective research. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 12, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Roby Sebastian, Todd Ratliff, Peter D. Winch, Dmitry Tumin, Daniel Gomez, Joseph Tobias, Mark Galantowicz, Aymen N. Naguib Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Comparison of oral midazolam with intranasal dexmedetomidine premedication for children undergoing CT imaging: a randomized, double ‐blind, and controlled study
ConclusionIn the doses and time intervals used in our study, intranasal dexmedetomidine (2.5 μg·kg−1) was found to be superior to oral midazolam (0.5 mg·kg−1) for producing satisfactory sedation for CT imaging. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 12, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Babita Ghai, Kajal Jain, Akshay Kumar Saxena, Nidhi Bhatia, Kushaljit Singh Sodhi Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Revisiting acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) and blood transfusion during pediatric cardiac surgery: a prospective observational study
ConclusionAcute normovolemic hemodilution protects the platelets from the untoward effects of cardiopulmonary bypass and offers an important autologous blood product that improves hemostasis at the conclusion of surgery. Platelet count and function are preserved regardless of the method of collection or the length of storage. The volume of ANH removed appears to be an important determinant of blood product use and further understanding of the impact of this variable is a future direction of upcoming prospective research. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 12, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Roby Sebastian, Todd Ratliff, Peter D. Winch, Dmitry Tumin, Daniel Gomez, Joseph Tobias, Mark Galantowicz, Aymen N. Naguib Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Landmark papers in pediatric cardiac anesthesia: documenting the history of the specialty
This article discusses journal articles, chosen by the author, that he considers had a significant impact on the practice of pediatric cardiac anesthesia or are of historical interest. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 30, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Robert H. Friesen Tags: Special Interest Article Source Type: research

The effect of ultrasound ‐guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block on postoperative analgesia and neuroendocrine stress response in pediatric patients undergoing elective open inguinal hernia repair
ConclusionTAP block is effective as a part of multimodal analgesia for children undergoing open inguinal hernia repair with significant attenuation in the neuroendocrine stress response induced by surgery. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 30, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Mohamed M. Abu Elyazed, Shaimaa F. Mostafa, Mohammad A. Abdullah, Gehan M. Eid Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Mainstream capnography system for nonintubated children in the postanesthesia care unit: Performance with changing flow rates, and a comparison to side stream capnography
ConclusionA new mainstream mask system (cap‐ONE) performed with greater precision than side stream NC monitoring regardless of mouth breathing. Measurement of peak CO2 values by mainstream mask system showed normal distribution with smaller standard deviation (sd) and was less affected by O2 flow change in predictable fashion. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 24, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Makoto Nagoshi, Rica Morzov, Justin Hotz, Paula Belson, Marla Matar, Patrick Ross, Randall Wetzel Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

High ‐flow nasal cannula therapy and apnea time in laryngeal surgery
Summary In small children, high‐flow nasal cannula therapy may prolong apnea time even when an inspiratory oxygen fraction below 100% is used. This will be beneficial in prolonged intubation attempts, but especially during procedures requiring prolonged apnea time, leading to fewer airway manipulations and markedly enhanced surgical conditions. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 24, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Thomas Riva, Stefan Seiler, Franziska Stucki, Robert Greif, Lorenz Theiler Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Can transcutaneous near infrared spectroscopy detect severe hepatic ischemia: a juvenile porcine model
ConclusionTranscutaneous hepatic StO2 monitoring cannot reliably detect severe hepatic ischemia in a juvenile porcine model, although a stronger and potentially useful signal is seen in 5–7 kg pigs. Trials of this technology should be currently restricted to situations where the organ is less than 1 cm from the skin surface, corresponding to infants of
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 23, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Justin J. Skowno, Jonathan S. Karpelowsky, Nicola R. Watts, David G. Little Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Comment on Templeton TW, Downard MG, Simpson CR, Zeller KA, Templeton LB, Bryan YF. Bending the rules: a novel approach to placement and retrospective experience with the 5 French Arndt endobronchial blocker in children < 2  years.
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 6, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Satoshi Ideno, Hiroyuki Seki, Rie Minoshima, Rie Wakamiya, Hiroshi Morisaki Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Reply to Tait, Alan; Voepel ‐Lewis, Terri; Christensen, Robert; O'Brien, Louise, regarding their comment on ‘Utility of screening questionnaire, obesity, neck circumference, and sleep polysomnography to predict sleep‐disordered breathing in children and adolescents’
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 6, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Vidya T. Raman, Mark Splaingard, Dmitry Tumin, Julie Rice, Kris R. Jatana, Joseph D. Tobias Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Laryngeal stimulation: an early objective test for timing extubation in young children
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 6, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Thomas Wesley Templeton, Leah B. Templeton, Eduardo J. Goenaga ‐Díaz, Yvon F. Bryan Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Procedure for difficult peripheral intravenous access in children with chronic health conditions
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 6, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Stephen J. Gleich, Michael E. Nemergut Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Authorship wanting: dead or alive
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 6, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Brian J. Anderson, Steven L. Shafer, Tim Dare Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

In this issue October 2016
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 6, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew Davidson Tags: In this issue Source Type: research