Lifestyle may modify the glucose-raising effect of genetic loci. A study in the Greek population
Conclusion Our results indicate that lower glucose levels underlie a healthier lifestyle and support an interaction between a wGRS for known glycemic loci and GPS that associates with lower glucose levels. These scores could be useful tools for monitoring glucose metabolism. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - November 5, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Hemodynamic Overload and Intra-abdominal Adiposity in Obese Children: Relationships with Cardiovascular Structure and Function
Conclusions Obese youths present signs of impaired lipid and glucose metabolism, hyperdynamic circulation and cardiovascular changes. Increase in LV dimensions and mass and in carotid diameter and distension seems to reflect adaptation to body-size induced increase in hemodynamic load, changes in LV diastolic performance a negative impact of intra-abdominal adiposity and associated metabolic risk, and increase in IMT both adaptive remodeling and metabolic risk. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - November 5, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Upper-normal waist circumference is a risk marker for metabolic syndrome in normal-weight subjects
Conclusion Upper-normal WC represents a risk for acquiring a greater number of MetS components and the early stage of MetS components (prediabetes and borderline dyslipidemia), after adjusting for BMI, in a large general population with normal WC and BMI. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - November 5, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Diet in children with phenylketonuria and risk of cardiovascular disease: a narrative overview
Conclusions PKU children compliant with diet seem to display non-different cardiovascular risk comparing with the healthy population. Well-designed longitudinal studies are needed to hopefully clarify the potential underlying mechanisms relating PKU and cardiovascular risk factors. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - November 5, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of inflammation by acute sepsis on intact fibroblast growth factor 23 (iFGF23) and asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA) in ckd patients
Publication date: Available online 4 November 2015 Source:Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Author(s): E. Dounousi, C. Torino, P. Pizzini, S. Cutrupi, V. Panuccio, G. D’Arrigo, S. Abd ElHafeez, G. Tripepi, F. Mallamaci, C. Zoccali (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - November 5, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The SNP rs9677 of VPAC1 gene is associated with glycolipid control and heart function in females with type 2 diabetes: a follow-up study
Conclusions The rs9677 CC genotype could be correlated with a reduced response to statin therapy and it seems to be involved in diabetes cardiomyopathy in females with T2D. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - October 30, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Influence of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis dysregulation on the metabolic profile of patients affected by diabetes mellitus-associated late onset hypogonadism
Conclusions FH may determine a worsening of the metabolic profile in DM-associated hypogonadism. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - October 25, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

High serum uric acid levels increase the risk of metabolic syndrome in elderly women: the PRO.V.A study
Conclusion High SUA levels significantly and independently predicted MetS in older women, but not in men, over a 4.4-year follow-up. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - October 25, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

From sodium intake restriction to nitrate supplementation: different measures with converging mechanistic pathways?
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2015 Source:Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Author(s): Peter Clifton Endothelial nitric oxide synthase is at the centre of endothelial physiology producing nitric oxide which dilates blood vessels, inhibits platelet aggregation and smooth muscle cell proliferation and reduces adhesion molecule production. The laminar shear stress is a common test used usually as the flow mediated dilatation test (FMD) which is sensitive to saturated fat, sodium and potassium although with the latter ion it is possible potassium has direct effects on ion channels in the smoo...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - October 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

No evidence of association between subclinical thyroid disorders and common carotid intima medial thickness or atherosclerotic plaque
Conclusion Thyroid hormone is not associated with increased IMT or with the presence of carotid artery plaque. Our data do not support the idea that treating subclinical disorders might help to prevent arterial remodelling or carotid atherosclerosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - October 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Novel remodeling of the mouse heart mitochondrial proteome in response to acute insulin stimulation
Publication date: Available online 22 October 2015 Source:Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Author(s): Brian A. Pedersen, Puya G. Yazdi, Jared F. Taylor, Omar S. Khattab, Yu-Han Chen, Yumay Chen, Ping H. Wang Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathophysiology of diabetic cardiomyopathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the acute changes in the mitochondrial proteome in response to insulin stimulation. Cardiac mitochondria from C57BL/6 mice after insulin stimulation were analyzed using two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis. MALDI-TOF MS/MS was utilized to iden...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - October 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Saturated fatty acids are not off the hook
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2015 Source:Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Author(s): Christine Dawczynski, Marcus E. Kleber, Winfried März, Gerhard Jahreis, Stefan Lorkowski A recent meta-analysis by Chowdhury et al. (2014) has disclaimed the association between coronary artery diseases and either circulating blood levels or the intake of total saturated fatty acids (SFA). Scrutiny revealed that two of the eight studies included in the meta-analysis focused on the proportion of pentadecanoic acid (C15:0) and heptadecanoic acid (C17:0) and their impact on cardiovascular disease (...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - October 9, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The “Sapienza University Mortality and Morbidity Event Rate (SUMMER) Study in Diabetes”: Study Protocol
Discussion The “SUMMER study in diabetes” is aimed at identifying new molecular promoters of mortality and major vascular events in patients with T2DM. Most likely, these novel pathogenic factors will be instrumental for unraveling new pathways underlying such dramatic events. In addition, they will also be used as additional markers to increase the performance of already existing risk-scoring models in predicting the above mentioned outcomes in T2DM, as well as in setting up new preventive and treatment strategies, possibly tailored to specific pathogenic backgrounds. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - October 9, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Effect of a Dietary Portfolio Compared to a DASH-Type Diet on Blood Pressure
Conclusions Consumption of a cholesterol-lowering dietary portfolio also decreased blood pressure by comparison with a healthy DASH-type diet. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - October 2, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Relationship of high leptin levels with an adverse lipid and insulin profile in 6-8 year-old children in Spain
Conclusion Leptin levels show sex differences in pre-pubertal children. In this age group, leptin levels are strongly related to insulin, and affect lipid profile –namely HDL-C, apo-AI and TG– particularly when leptin levels are high. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 25, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Lower-Normal TSH is associated with better metabolic risk factors. A cross-sectional study on Spanish men
Conclusions TSH and free T4 within the normal range are associated with the metabolic syndrome. The sample half below the TSH median (with probably higher functional thyroid status) had better metabolic and cardiovascular profiles. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 25, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Consumption of nuts and risk of total and cause-specific mortality over 15 years
Conclusions Nut consumption was independently associated with a decreased risk of overall and vascular-disease mortality, particularly in women. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 25, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The hypertriglyceridemic-waist phenotype is associated with the Framingham risk score and subclinical atherosclerosis in Canadian Cree
Conclusions The HTGW phenotype is prevalent in the Cree. Our findings support further study on the utility of combining the HTGW with the FRS in the prediction of cardiovascular disease outcomes and in health screening and intervention programs among indigenous peoples. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 25, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Healthy eating and survival among elderly men with and without cardiovascular-metabolic diseases
Conclusion A high quality diet was associated with a 40% lower mortality risk and 2.5 years longer life expectancy in elderly men with, but not without, cardiovascular-metabolic diseases. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 21, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

High red blood cell folate is associated with an increased risk of death among adults with diabetes, a 15- year follow-up of a national cohort
Conclusion Diabetes was listed as a contributing cause for less than half of the deaths among adults with diabetes after 15+ years of follow-up; high RBC folate concentration was associated with an elevated risk of death among adults with diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 21, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prospective association between the dietary inflammatory index and metabolic syndrome: findings from the SU.VI.MAX study
Conclusion A higher DII score was prospectively associated with a higher risk of MetS, with associations with blood pressure, triglycerides and HDL-cholesterol. Promotion of a healthy diet exhibiting anti-inflammatory properties may contribute to prevent cardio-metabolic disorders. Clinical trial registration clinicaltrial.gov (number NCT00272428) (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 21, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Polyunsaturated fat intake and mortality in non-statin users, Is there an independent relationship?
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2015 Source:Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Author(s): Mehmet Eyüboğlu (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 29, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

High salt exacerbates programmed hypertension in maternal fructose-fed male offspring
Conclusion Postnatal HS intake exacerbated prenatal HF-induced programmed hypertension. HF and HS induced programmed hypertension by differentially inducing renin-angiotensin system and sodium transporters in the kidneys. Better understanding of the effect of the relationship between HF and HS on hypertension development will help prevent hypertension in mothers and children exposed to HF and HS. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 22, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A genetic marker of hyperuricemia predicts cardiovascular events in a meta-analysis of three cohort studies in high risk patients
Conclusions The T allele of the rs734553 polymorphism in the GLUT9 gene predicts a doubling in the risk for incident cardiovascular events in patients at high cardiovascular risk. Findings in this study are compatible with the hypothesis of a causal role of hyperuricemia in cardiovascular disease in high risk conditions. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 22, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations between Diet and Cardiometabolic Risk among Yup’ik Alaska Native People using Food Frequency Questionnaire Dietary Patterns
Conclusions We found increased CM risk; as reflected by increased triglycerides; associated with eating a greater frequency of processed foods; and reduced CM risk; as reflected by lower triglycerides and DBP; associated with eating a greater frequency of subsistence foods. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 22, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Trends of barriers to eye care among adults with diagnosed diabetes in Germany, 1997–2012
Conclusion The increase of diabetes prevalence and downward trend of eye-care visits at the recommended level call for development, implementation and evaluation of continued efforts to improve access to eye specialists, particularly among those with poor diabetic control, co-existing diabetic complications, and comorbidities. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 21, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system blockade and development of chronic kidney disease
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2015 Source:Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Author(s): M. Eyüboğlu (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 19, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fructosamine is a risk factor for myocardial infarction and all-cause mortality – Longitudinal experience from the AMORIS cohort
Conclusion There is a strong association between fructosamine and myocardial infarction and death from any cause when major cardiovascular risk factors are accounted for. In addition, this association could only partly be explained by glucose levels. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 19, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Arterial stiffness is elevated in normotensive type 2 diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy
Conclusion Well controlled hypertensive patients did not have elevated arterial stiffness compared to normotensive patients. This might be due to anti-hypertensive treatment although our study design does not allow us to confirm it. A strong association between PN and arterial stiffness was only present in normotensive patients, suggesting that normotensive type 2 diabetic patients with PN and elevated arterial stiffness should be carefully managed to prevent future macrovascular complications. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 14, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Low serum magnesium is associated with coronary artery calcification in a Korean population at low risk for cardiovascular disease (Short title: Serum magnesium and coronary calcification)
Conclusion Low serum magnesium level is associated with CAC in a Korean population at low risk for cardiovascular disease. Further studies are needed to generalize this finding and to verify the causal relationship between low serum magnesium and CAC. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 14, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Erratum to “Diet heart controversies – Quality of fat matters” [Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 25 (2015) 617–622]
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2015 Source:Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Author(s): U. Schwab, M. Uusitupa (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 8, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary protein-fiber ratio associates with circulating levels of indoxyl sulfate and p-cresyl sulfate in chronic kidney disease patients
Conclusion Dietary protein-fiber index is associated with serum IS and PCS levels. Such association, beyond fiber and protein alone, highlights the importance of the interplay between these nutrients. We speculate that dietary modification towards a lower protein-fiber index may contribute to lowering IS and PCS. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 8, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Mild hyponatremia, hypernatremia and incident cardiovascular disease and mortality in older men: a population-based cohort study
Conclusion Mild hyponatremia even within the normal sodium range and hypernatremia are both associated with increased total mortality and major CVD events in older men without CVD which is not explained by known adverse CV risk factors. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 7, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Five year trends in dyslipidaemia prevalence and management in Switzerland: the CoLaus study
Conclusions In Switzerland, the increase over time in dyslipidaemia prevalence was not paralleled by a similar increase in LLM. In a real-life setting, dyslipidaemia management remains far from optimal, both in primary and secondary prevention. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 5, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association of branched-chain amino acids with coronary artery disease: A matched-pair case–control study
Conclusion Our results demonstrate that BCAAs are significantly related to CAD development. This relationship is independent of diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and body mass index. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 30, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Early gene–diet interaction between glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) polymorphism, vegetable and fish intakes in modulating triglyceride levels in healthy adolescents
Conclusions In summary, our data indicated that the favorable associations of higher vegetable and fish intakes on TG levels are dependent on the genetic background of an individual. In particular, at-risk TT- genotype carriers of the GCKR variant may derive more benefits from a high fish intake, while the CC-genotype carriers may find further benefits from a high consumption of vegetable. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 30, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Overnourishment during lactation induces metabolic and haemodynamic heart impairment during adulthood
In this study, we examined the effects of postnatal overfeeding on heart energy homeostasis and cardiac haemodynamics in adult male Swiss mice. Mice were divided during the suckling period into four groups of control or overfed pups in combination with baseline or ischaemia/reperfusion treatments (control group baseline - CGBL, overfed group baseline - OGBL, control group ischaemia/reperfusion - CGIR, overfed group ischaemia/reperfusion - OGIR). We measured end diastolic pressure (EDP), heart contraction speed (Max dP/dt), relaxation speed (Min dP/dt), isovolumetric relaxation time (Tau) and frequency by beats per minute (...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 30, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A multicenter observational study on the management of hyperglycemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome
Conclusion Hyperglycemia is frequent in patients with ACS and is independently associated with a poor in-hospital prognosis if it persists in first day. Unfortunately, however, this condition is still poorly treated, with far from optimal blood glucose control. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 30, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Iron metabolism and incidence of metabolic syndrome
Conclusion transferrin, not ferritin, is independently associated with an increased risk of incident METS; the protective effect of iron in women should be further explored. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 30, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Intake of polyunsaturated fat in relation to mortality among statin users and non-users in the Southern Community Cohort Study
Conclusions Our results suggest potential benefits of PUFA consumption on mortality which are only apparent in the absence of statin therapy. It seems prudent to consider the potential benefit of PUFA consumption in the primary prevention of CVD among patients who are not candidates for statin therapy but are at increased risk for CVD and mortality. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 30, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Lymphocyte-to-Monocyte Ratio: an added value for death prediction in Heart Failure
Conclusion Our results show, that upon hospital discharge after an episode of acute HF, a lower LMR is independently associated, with higher risk of 6 months mortality. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 26, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fructosamine, MI and death – AMORIS cohort Fructosamine is a risk factor for myocardial infarction and all-cause mortality – longitudinal experience from the AMORIS cohort
Conclusion There is a strong association between fructosamine and myocardial infarction and death from any cause when major cardiovascular risk factors are accounted for. In addition, this association could only partly be explained by glucose levels. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 26, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Trends of barriers to eye care among adults with diagnosed diabetes in Germany, 1997-2012
Conclusion The increase of diabetes prevalence and downward trend of eye-care visits at the recommended level call for development, implementation and evaluation of continued efforts to improve access to eye specialists, particularly among those with poor diabetic control, co-existing diabetic complications, and comorbidities. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 26, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone-System Blockade and Development of Chronic Kidney Disease
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2015 Source:Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Author(s): Mehmet Eyüboğlu (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 20, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Warfarin use and the risks of stroke and bleeding in hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation: A systematic review and a meta-analysis
Conclusion This meta-analysis suggested that warfarin should not be recommended for the routine treatment of HD patients with AF. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 20, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Glycemic index, glycemic load and glycemic response: An International Scientific Consensus Summit from the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC)
Conclusions Given the high prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes worldwide and the consistency of the scientific evidence reviewed, the expert panel confirmed an urgent need to communicate information on GI and GL to the general public and health professionals, through channels such as national dietary guidelines, food composition tables and food labels. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 7, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Early gene-diet interaction between glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) polymorphism, vegetable and fish intakes in modulating triglyceride levels in healthy adolescents
Conclusions In summary, we noted the favorable associations of vegetable and fish intakes with triglyceride levels, particularly in individuals carrying the CC and TT rs780094 genotypes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 7, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Carotid artery stiffness is related to hyperinsulinemia and insulin-resistance in middle-aged, non-diabetic hypertensive patients
Conclusions The study demonstrates that decreased insulin sensitivity and the related hyperinsulinemia but not hyperglycemia could contribute to carotid artery stiffening in middle-aged, non-diabetic hypertensive patients free of cardiovascular complications. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 4, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prevalence of diabetes across different immigrant groups in North-Eastern Italy
Conclusion Large variations in diabetes prevalence by ethnicity should prompt tailored strategies for primary prevention, diabetes screening, and disease control. An increased demand for prevention and health care in selected population groups should guide appropriate resource allocation. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 4, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Improving diet recipe and cooking methods attenuates hyperphosphatemia in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis
Conclusions Our data indicated that intensive dietary intervention of reducing phosphate-rich food intake and improving cooking methods attenuated hyperphosphatemia in PD patients. It suggests that regular assessment of dietary phosphate intake and modification of diet recipe and cooking methods are essential for hyperphosphatemia treatment in PD patients in addition to phosphate binder therapy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 30, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research