Cancer risk, screening and surveillance in primary sclerosing cholangitis.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with PSC show significantly higher than average risk for the development of hepatobiliary and colonic malignancies including cholangiocarcinoma, gallbladder carcinoma and colorectal carcinoma. Yearly ultrasound surveillance followed with more definitive cross sectional imaging is prudent to arrive in a timely diagnosis of carcinoma, reducing morbidity and mortality. PMID: 31220911 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - June 23, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Human herpes viruses as cause of liver injury and acute liver failure.
Authors: Imperatrice B, Giudici G, Marzano A Abstract PMID: 31146511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - June 2, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Is there a role for breath tests in the diagnosis and management of delayed gastric emptying?
Authors: Sguazzini C Abstract PMID: 31113176 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - May 24, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Case report of a gastroenterologist successfully extracting at EGD a blunt, semi-rigid foreign body tightly impacted at the UES.
Authors: Cappell MS, Gjeorgjievski M Abstract PMID: 31115205 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - May 24, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Complete response for 36 months after BRAF & MEK inhibitor therapy for locally advanced gallbladder melanoma.
Complete response for 36 months after BRAF & MEK inhibitor therapy for locally advanced gallbladder melanoma. Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol. 2019 May 20;: Authors: Hakim S, Orosey M, Edhi A, Amin M, Cappell MS Abstract PMID: 31115206 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - May 24, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

The gut and the Inflammatory Bowel Diseases inside-out: the extra-intestinal manifestations.
Authors: Ribaldone DG, Pellicano R, Actis GC Abstract An increasing deal of attention is being conveyed on the extra-intestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). We compiled the present review in an attempt to upgrade the accuracy of the classification of such polymorphic entities. We focused on three patterns. First, the conventional extra-intestinal manifestations localized to bone and joints, to the eye, to the biliary tree and to the skin. Second, the so-called IBD-like syndromes accompanied by bone marrow-derived anomalies of innate or acquired immunity. Third, specific disorders of the skin...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 18, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Helicobacter pylori and hematological disorders.
Authors: Santambrogio E, Orsucci L Abstract Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most common worldwide infection, which can affect adults as children. The prevalence of this bacterium is variable in different countries, depending on various hygienic and socioeconomic conditions and living customs. The major damaged tissues of the infection are in the upper gastrointestinal tract, causing gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcer and gastrointestinal malignancy. Nevertheless, other disorders are associated with this pathogen, including several hematological diseases, such as iron deficiency anemia, immune throm...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 18, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Oral iron supplementation with Feralgine ® in inflammatory bowel disease: a retrospective observational study.
CONCLUSIONS: Oral supplementation with Feralgine® induced a significant improvement in Hb levels, suggesting that in IBD patients with mild or moderate anemia, oral iron supplementation could be considered the first line therapy. We suggest further studies on larger cohorts to assess iron, ferritin and transferrin saturation improvement after this treatment. PMID: 30917629 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 29, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in Piedmont: new preliminary data on prescription attitudes.
Authors: Ribaldone DG Abstract PMID: 30759973 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 15, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

The mesenteric panniculitis: a truly idiopathic disease?
Authors: Buragina G, Magenta Biasina A Abstract PMID: 30759974 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 15, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

The role of topical therapy for perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease: are we forgetting something?
CONCLUSIONS: Due to the disappoint success rate of current strategy in perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease, the role of rectal inflammation as a causative factor and the fair success rate of topical therapy with mesalazine suppositories in the healing of rectal inflammation without relevant side effects, more studies are advisable in this field. PMID: 30759975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 15, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Helicobacter pylori and nutrition: a bidirectional communication.
Authors: Aimasso U, D'onofrio V, D'eusebio C, Devecchi A, Pira C, Merlo FD, De Francesco A Abstract Helicobacter pylori (HP) is a gram negative flagellated pathogen acid-resistant bacterium; it belongs to the order Campylobacterales that is wide spread all over the world, infecting more than 50% of the world population. HP infection is etiologically associated with non-atrophic and atrophic gastritis, peptic ulcer and with 3 to 6-fold increased relative risk for developing gastric adenocarcinoma and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MA LT) lymphoma. For this reason HP is recognized by the World Health Organization...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 15, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Acute HCV infection after chemotherapy: the need to search for occult HCV before this treatment?
Authors: De Marco L Abstract PMID: 30746923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 14, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Helicobacter pylori infection and Parkinson's disease.
Authors: Actis GC Abstract PMID: 30746924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 14, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Liver transplantation: a new era.
Authors: Testino G, Leone S, Pellicano R Abstract PMID: 30746925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 14, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Irritable bowel syndrome: a picture of the US real world.
Authors: Adriani A, Saracco GM, Pellicano R Abstract PMID: 30746926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 14, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Overlapping irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease.
Authors: Gajula P, Quigley EM Abstract The pathogenesis of irritable bowel-type symptoms occurring in patients with inflammatory bowel disease who are in apparent remission continues to generate scientific controversy and the interpretation and management of these symptoms, so distressing to the sufferer, represent major challenges for the clinician. On the one hand, these symptoms often satisfy Rome IV criteria for IBS and their occurrence correlates highly with anxiety, a known trigger for IBS. On the other hand, recent studies have shown that many of these patients exhibit subtle inflammatory changes. These obse...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 14, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Inflammatory bowel disease and alcohol consumption.
Authors: Testino G, Leone S, Balbinot P, Fagoone S, Pellicano R Abstract PMID: 30746928 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 14, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy for enteral nutrition: a 5-year clinical experience with 324 patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Our experience reconfirmed PEG as a minimally invasive and safe procedure for long-term enteral nutrition in patients with impaired oral intake. However, significant prognostic factors should be taken into account during the preoperative evaluation of patients. Deferral of procedure or specialized postoperative care may be indicated in high risk patients. PMID: 30676011 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - January 26, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Oral administration of a lecithin-based delivery form of boswellic acids (Casperome ®) for the prevention of symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized clinical study.
CONCLUSIONS: Boswellia serrata lecithin-based delivery form (Casperome®) appears to be effective and safe in improving signs and symptoms in IBS subjects who are otherwise healthy, particularly in comparison with symptomatic drug treatment that may cause side effects and stiptis. PMID: 30676012 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - January 26, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

The therapy of chronic pouchitis.
Authors: Ribaldone DG, Resegotti A, Astegiano M Abstract PMID: 30623632 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - January 10, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

A review of the gluten-free diet in non-celiac patients: beliefs, truths, advantages and disadvantages.
Authors: Palmieri B, Vadala' M, Laurino C Abstract A gluten-free diet is the safest treatment for the treatment of patient with celiac disease (CD) and other gluten-related disorders. However, in the last years, gluten-free diet is one of the most popular diet followed by the general population and by patients affected from others clinical conditions, such as non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), autism, neurological, psychiatric and rheumatologic diseases and for improving sports practice. This review highlights some questions about the appropriateness of follow this trend answering...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - December 16, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Microscopic colitis: a narrative review with clinical approach.
Authors: Mosso E, Boano V, Grassini M, Battaglia E, Pellicano R Abstract Microscopic colitis (MC) is diagnosed in presence of microscopic alterations of colonic mucosa, in patients without macroscopic lesions who referred for chronic diarrhea. The two types of MC are lymphocytic colitis (LC) and collagenous colitis (CC), but it is unclear whether these are the different expression of one unique disease or if they are distinct conditions. Today, although MC represents a consistent health problem, being responsible for a large part of gastroenterological consultations for diarrhea, it remains often underestimated. Th...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - December 1, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease in an adult, South African black population, and the association with obesity.
Authors: Hunter MP, Crowther NJ Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) in a black population in South Africa and to determine if there was any association with obesity. METHODS: A sample of 312 black subjects was randomly selected and interviewed with a structured questionnaire (GerdQ) consisting of six questions translated into English and two of the most commonly used African languages (Zulu and Xhosa). This question-based symptom score for the diagnosis of GORD has been validated previously. Additional information about age, gender,...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - December 1, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Signet ring cancer of the gall bladder: a SEER database analysis.
Authors: Ofosu A, Ramai D, John F, Reddy M, Adler DG Abstract PMID: 30488679 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - December 1, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment, and clinical outcomes of patients with ampullary cancer: a surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: The annual incidence of ampullary cancer has been fairly constant, though males are more likely to be affected. While its incidence increases with age, patients who are treated by surgical intervention have significantly better outcomes. Additionally, through the use of endoscopic techniques, ampullary cancer can be detected and treated much earlier. PMID: 30488680 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - December 1, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Over-the-scope-clips as primary and rescue therapy for non-variceal gastrointestinal bleeding: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis demonstrates success on the use of OTSC as primary and rescue therapy in the management of NVGIB. Further trials should clarify the ideal setting for the use of OTSC and assess the cost of these devices as compared to standard therapy. PMID: 30417630 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - November 14, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Liver stiffness based model for portal hypertension and hepatocellular cancer risk in HBV responsive to antivirals.
This study assessed the prognostic role of LSPS score (liver stiffness value X spleen diameter/platelet count) in predicting these goals in cirrhotic patients responsive to antiviral therapy. METHODS: The correlation between LSPS, PH, esophageal varices (EVs) and HCC was evaluated in 121 cirrhotic patients treated with nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUCs). Sixty-one patients (50.4%) had PH at baseline. All were HBV DNA negative on-treatment. They were evaluated after a median of 8 years of therapy (1-17) for LSPS, PH, hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG), EVs and HCC. RESULTS: LSPS ≤0.62 and ≤ 1.4 identified pat...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - October 27, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Challenges and future developments in liver transplantation.
Authors: Toniutto P, Bitetto D, Fornasiere E, Fumolo E Abstract Liver transplantation (LT) has become the treatment of choice for a wide range of liver diseases in both adult and pediatric patients. Until recently, the largest proportion of LT in adults, were performed in patients with hepatitis C (HCV) related cirrhosis. The recent availability of safe and effective direct antiviral agents to cure HCV infection in almost all patients whatever the HCV genotype and severity of liver disease, will reduce the need for LT in this category of recipients. Thus, it is presumed that in the next 1 to 2 decades HCV related l...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - October 13, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Radiofrequency hemorrhoidectomy: less is less? Results of a comparative study.
Authors: Lisi G, Campanelli M, Mascagni D, Grande S, Grande M, Milito G Abstract BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency has been introduced as an instrument conceived to upgrade the conventional treatment of hemorrhoidectomy. To reduce the economic aspect, recently has been introduced a new radiofrequency device: VojantTM. Aim was to compare clinical outcomes of hemorrhoidectomy with LigaSureTM and VojantTM, performed with the Milligan- Morgan technique, in medium-term perspective. METHODS: Between January 2016 and December 2016, 50 consecutive patients with symptomatic grade III and IV were scheduled for surgical treatmen...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - October 10, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Negative payoffs of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in patients admitted under observation status.
CONCLUSIONS: Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in patients with atypical chest pain of GI origin as an initial step is a significant healthcare burden and contradicts the currently recommended High Value Care recommendations. Our study delineates this large negative financial impact when performing upper endoscopies under observation status. Such patients should be started on an empirical trial of PPI, and endoscopy should be reserved for patients whose symptoms are unresponsive to PPIs or have alarm features. PMID: 30293414 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - October 10, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Symptoms and dietary practices of irritable bowel syndrome patients compared to controls: results of a United States National survey.
Authors: Pauls RN, Max JB Abstract BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the dietary behaviors and epidemiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients in the United States (US). METHODS: This was an IRB-approved cross-sectional survey conducted via a secured online server (SurveyMonkey®). A representative sample of the US population were queried regarding demographics, gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, treatments and dietary practices. Of 1,718 respondents, 161 reported IBS. These were compared to 1,116 subjects reporting no GI diagnosis (controls). RESULTS: Overall, 9% reported a diagnosis of IBS. Wh...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - October 10, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Diverticulosis today.
Authors: Elisei W, Brandimarte G, Tursi A Abstract The incidence of diverticulosis and diverticular disease of the colon is increasing worldwide. Although the majority of patients remains asymptomatic long-life, the prevalence of diverticular disease of the colon, including acute diverticulitis, is substantial and is becoming a significant burden on National Health Systems in terms of direct and indirect costs. Fiber, non-absorbable antibiotics and probiotics seem to be effective in treating symptomatic and uncomplicated patients, and 5-aminosalicylic acid might help prevent acute diverticulitis. Unfortunately, rob...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - October 10, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among dyspeptic patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus in South-West and South-South regions of Nigeria.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that, in Nigeria, there is no difference in prevalence of H. pylori in dyspeptic patients with and without T2DM. PMID: 30293417 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - October 10, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Long-term results of chronic hepatitis B antiviral treatment with nucleos(t)ide analogues: a single center experience.
Authors: Caviglia GP, Olivero A, Ngatchou D, Saracco GM, Smedile A PMID: 30037184 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - July 28, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Skeletal muscle-gut axis: emerging mechanisms of sarcopenia for intestinal and extra intestinal diseases.
Authors: de Sire R, Rizzatti G, Ingravalle F, Pizzoferrato M, Petito V, Lopetuso L, Graziani C, de Sire A, Mentella MC, Mele MC, Gasbarrini A, Scaldaferri F Abstract In recent years, there has been an increasing interest on muscle wasting, considering the reduction of quality of life and the increase of morbidity and mortality associated. Sarcopenia and cachexia represent two conditions of reduction of muscle mass, sharing several elements involved in their pathogenesis, such as systemic inflammation, impaired muscle protein synthesis, increased muscle apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle tissue ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - July 20, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Is CO2 insufflation an amelioration of routine colonoscopy?
CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed only moderate positive effects for use of CO2 during colonoscopy. We found only modest improvement of patient's comfort during and after colonoscopy. No reduced doses of drugs for sedation could be recorded. PMID: 30008194 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - July 18, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Post-pancreatitis diabetes mellitus and gastroparesis: driven together?
This article overviews studies on epidemiology and impact of gastroparesis in the setting of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, with a view to estimating the possible burden of gastrointestinal dysfunction in PPDM. Further, the usefulness of quantifying gastrointestinal dysmotility is discussed. The gastroparesis cardinal symptom index has emerged as a standardised gastrointestinal dysmotility endpoint and its use in individuals after pancreatitis is justified. PMID: 29914234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - June 20, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Eosinophilic esophagitis and celiac disease.
Authors: Ribaldone DG PMID: 29856172 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - June 5, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

HCV reactivation and acute infection in two women receiving treatment for breast cancer.
Authors: Chialà C, Tucci A, Marzano A PMID: 29856173 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - June 5, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Single brand, fully-covered, self-expandable metal stent for the treatment of benign biliary disease: when should stents be removed?
Authors: Mangiavillano B, Kashab M, Eusebi LH, Tarantino I, Bianchetti M, Semeraro R, Pellicano R, Traina M, Repici A Abstract The two most relevant endoscopic treatable benign biliary diseases (BBD) are benign biliary strictures (BBSs) and biliary leaks (BLs), often associated with high morbidity. The most common endoscopic treatment for biliary strictures involves placement of multiple plastic stents (PSs), with or without balloon dilation, followed by planned exchange of the stents. Thus, there continues to be high interest in pursuing alternative endoscopic approaches that may achieve better results with fewer ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - June 5, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Actual diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection.
Authors: Lehours P Abstract Helicobacter pylori colonizes the stomach of half of humanity. The prevalence of this infection is higher among people of low socioeconomic status and from developing countries. In the absence of effective antibiotic treatment, the infection persists decades or even lifetime. The diagnosis of H. pylori can be made by invasive methods when biopsies are obtained: culture, histological examination, polymerase chain reaction or rapid urease test. Non-invasive methods have been developed, including the urea breath test, a test of high reliability, particularly suitable for post treatment moni...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 17, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Liver transplantation: indications and outcomes.
Authors: Burra P, Germani G PMID: 29631387 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 12, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Helicobacter pylori in metabolic related diseases.
Authors: Rizzatti G, Matteo MV, Ianiro G, Cammarota G, Franceschi F, Gasbarrini A Abstract Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common gastrointestinal infection affecting humans worldwide. Hp colonizes the stomach with preferential trophism for the antrum. Hp infection is associated with the development of a chronic gastritis and subsequently with several gastric diseases such as peptic disease, gastric carcinoma and MALT lymphoma. Moreover, Helicobacter pylori infection has also been reported in literature to be associated with many other extra-gastric conditions including sideropenic anemia, thrombocytopenia, ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 31, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Pharmacological considerations and step-by-step proposal for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in the year 2018.
Authors: Pellicano R, Zagari RM, Zhang S, Saracco GM, Moss SF Abstract Over the past 30 years, multidrug regimens consisting of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and two or three antibiotics have been used in treating Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. In clinical practice, the optimal regimen to cure H. pylori infection should be decided regionally. Considering the first treatment, the Maastricht V/Florence Consensus Report and the American College of Gastroenterology Clinical Management Guideline highlight that in countries with low clarithromycin resistance rates (
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 31, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Role of microbiota in the autism spectrum disorders.
Authors: Campion D, Ponzo P, Alessandria C, Saracco GM, Balzola F Abstract Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) defines a set of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction, along with repetitive patterns of behavior. Symptoms generally appear in the early developmental period and cause significant impairment in individual and social functioning. In recent years the increased prevalence of ASD, along with the evidence of a significant link between autism and gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances, raised a special interest in exploringì the reciprocal influ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 31, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

A rare case of gastric fistulization of a main-duct IPMN: a case report.
We report a rare case of gastric fistulization in a patient with main-duct (MD) intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). Fistulization to adjacent organs is a rare complication of this disease, mainly affecting the duodenum; the fact that the stomach was the only organ involved makes this case even more peculiar. The diagnosis of the fistula was made after examination with Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS), since a previous computed tomography (CT) scan wasn't able to detect it. PMID: 29553226 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 24, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

The role of adenosyl-methionine in alcoholic liver disease and intrahepatic cholestasis.
Authors: Testino G, Leone S, Fagoonee S, Pellicano R PMID: 29521488 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 11, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Transmission of Helicobacter pylori.
Authors: Mladenova I, Durazzo M Abstract The exact modes and routes of transmission of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection remain unproven. Studies showed that H. pylori bacteria can spread directly from one person to the other, or indirectly from an infected person to the environment. Presently, interpersonal pathways are more probable than environmental exposure routes. Person to person transmission can be mainly fecal-oral or oral-oral. In the last 30 years many authors have investigated the main potential sources of H. pylori infections, vectors and risk factors for both fecal-oral and oral-oral routes of...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 26, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Benign and malignant gastroduodenal diseases associated with Helicobacter pylori: a narrative review and personal remarks in 2018.
Authors: Buzás GM Abstract The subject of Helicobacter pylori continues to elicit worldwide interest in many research fields. Epidemiological data suggest that the prevalence of the infection is decreasing in Western/developed countries and even in some developing regions, but this is masked by the high prevalence in the most populous regions. Chronic gastritis, caused invariably by the bacterium, was again classified in Kyoto and Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis was included as a distinct entity. The prevalence of peptic ulcers is decreasing, but bleeding ulcers are a challenging problem, with stabl...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - February 26, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research