Potential role of fecal gluten immunogenic peptides to assess dietary compliance in celiac patients.
Authors: Larussa T, Boccuto L, Luzza F, Abenavoli L PMID: 32403893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - May 16, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Pilot study on non-celiac gluten sensitivity: effects of Bifidobacterium longum ES1 co-administered with a gluten-free diet.
CONCLUSIONS: Although carried out on a small number of patients, our pilot trial leads us to conclude that a combined strategy of naturally gluten-free diet therapy with administration of the probiotic strain ES1 appears to offer a greater advantage than the dietary regime alone in improving the clinical symptomatic picture and in stabilizing the intestinal microbiota. PMID: 32397695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - May 15, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Endoscopic resection of a giant colonic lipoma with endoloop-assisted-snare polypectomy.
Authors: Valentini G, Surace M, Mazzucco D PMID: 32327623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 26, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Diet high in protein-rich foods with structured sport activity may be useless to lose fat mass and maintain fat-free mass.
CONCLUSIONS: The models of lifestyle changes that are currently circulating were for the most part ineffective. It does not appear to be necessary to increase the protein content of the diet above that recommended by guidelines in order to lose weight. Even prescribing specific physical activity is not necessary to maintain muscle mass. PMID: 32327624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 26, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Salivary pepsin for the diagnosis of gastro-esophageal reflux disease: any role in 2020?
Authors: Mari A, Pellicano R, Khoury T PMID: 32327625 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 26, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Management of inflammatory bowel disease during COVID-19 pandemic.
Authors: Ribaldone DG, Astegiano M, Actis GC, Pellicano R PMID: 32327626 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 26, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and primary care physicians.
Authors: Abenavoli L, Procopio AC, Medić-Stojanoska M, Luzza F PMID: 32283879 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 16, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Inflammatory bowel disease and pancreatic diseases.
Authors: Ribaldone DG PMID: 32283880 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 16, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Is it time to recommend water load test before Nissen fundoplication?
Authors: Mari A, Mahamid M, Khoury T PMID: 32283881 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 16, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Role of a berberine-based nutritional supplement in reducing diarrhea in subjects with functional gastrointestinal disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients, especially those preferring "natural" therapy, can be successfully treated, when affected by a gut functional disease characterized by diarrhea, by berberine-based products. PMID: 32283882 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 16, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a nutraceutical supplement containing highly standardized perilla and ginger extracts in patients with functional dyspepsia.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite all the limitations of our pragmatic study, we believe that the perilla and ginger supplement we have used can be considered a valid tool for an empirical approach to treating patients with FD, especially when a non-conventional drug treatment is preferable to the patient and considered suitable by the physician. PMID: 32283883 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 16, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

A place for probiotics and prebiotics in the studies on human microbiota and inflammatory bowel diseases.
Authors: Lo Pumo S PMID: 32283884 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 16, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

An unexpected case of bifid esophagus.
Authors: Caranti A, Budini M, Visentini I, Cimatti A PMID: 32283885 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 16, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Impact of a two-bacterial-strain formula, containing Bifidobacterium animalis lactis BB12 and Enterococcus faecium L3, administered before and after triple or quadruple therapy for helicobacter pylori eradication.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, administration of BB12 and L3 strains as an adjuvant regimen during Hp eradication therapy has better success than conventional therapy (antibiotics plus a PPI) alone. PMID: 32272820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 12, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Acute pancreatitis. Literature review and update.
Authors: Le'clerc JN, Romano L, Giuliani A PMID: 32272821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 12, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Something new in management of acute pancreatitis: brief review of recent guidelines and practical tips.
Authors: Valentini G, Surace M, Andria I, Mazzucco D Abstract Improvement in diagnostic and therapeutic techniques has led to revision of past guidelines on the management of Acute Pancreatitis (AP), still not uniformely applied on the territory, partly due to the different distribution of resources to the various centers, partly due to the lack of unequivocal conduct in the approach itself. We had tried to outline most important changes emerged from the revision of recent and authoritative guidelines, focusing on what we believe are still critical points and identifying attitudes more equally shared than others. B...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 12, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

One minute liver "digitopsy" for point of care risk stratification of fibrosis in non alcoholic fatty liver disease.
One minute liver "digitopsy" for point of care risk stratification of fibrosis in non alcoholic fatty liver disease. Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol. 2020 Apr 08;: Authors: Salmi A PMID: 32272823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - April 12, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Alcohol consumption in the Covid-19 Era.
Authors: Testino G, Pellicano R PMID: 32221278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 31, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Application of mineral waters in the complex treatment of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease.
CONCLUSIONS: The obtained data confirm the prospects of using highly mineralized mineral waters in the complex treatment of GERD patients. PMID: 32218417 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Content of some redox homeostasis parameters in blood of patients with liver cirrhosis, depending on its severity according to the criteria of C. H. Child-R. N. Pugh and their connection with endothelial dysfunction development.
CONCLUSIONS: The cirrhotic patients have the significant abnormalities in the redox homeostasis that becomes the background of the endothelial dysfunction - common trigger mechanism for the syntropic comorbid diseases and early pathophysiologic symptom of the unfavorable prognosis for such patients. PMID: 32218418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Factors influencing inpatient colonoscopy bowel preparation quality.
CONCLUSIONS: At our institution, patients who were older or had significant co-morbid conditions (CAD, CHF, COPD, motility disorders, or cirrhosis) were more likely to have inadequate inpatient bowel preparation. Bowel preparation type did not affect the duration, quality of visualization, or successful cecal intubation. PMID: 32218419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Fecal gluten immunogenic peptides as indicators of dietary compliance in celiac patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Assay of fecal GIPs identified more patients who were not complying with the diet than the Biagi questionnaire or evaluation of symptoms. The anti-tTG and GIP results agreed perfectly; however, since anti-tTG antibodies remain high for longer and are not a completely reliable marker of GFD intake, detection of fecal GIPs offers a direct, objective, quantitative assessment of exposure, even occasional, to gluten and could be used to check dietary compliance. PMID: 32218420 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

An other case of spontaneous gastric decompression and resolution of infected walled-off pancreatic necrosis: is it time to change approach?
Authors: Valentini G, Surace M, Mazzucco D PMID: 32218421 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Alcohol habits among university students in Italy.
Authors: Testino G PMID: 32218422 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

P38 expression in colorectal adenomas: relationships to cell proliferation, stem phenotype and akt pathway proteins.
Authors: Handra-Luca A, Bendib M, Magkou C Abstract BACKGROUND: The P38-protein is known to be expressed in colorectal adenomas (CRA). Expression in low and high grade tubular adenomas is decreased when compared to adenocarcinomas and increased with regard to normal mucosa. We aimed to study P38 expression in human CRAs and the relationships to cell proliferation Ki67-protein, stem-phenotype CD133-protein and, to mTOR-protein (AKT pathway). METHODS: The immunohistochemical expression of P38 was evaluated in CRAs on tissue microarrays. Data were analyzed with the Kendall-rank-correlation test. RESULTS: Nucle...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Effects of Hoodia Parviflora on satiety, abdominal obesity and weight in a group of overweight subjects: a randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows for the first time the simultaneous effect of H. Parviflora on weight loss, decreasing satiety, and improving fat mass, in particular VAT. PMID: 32218424 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Proctitis: a glance beyond inflammatory bowel diseases.
Authors: Rizza S, Mistrangelo M, Ribaldone DG, Morino M, Astegiano M, Saracco GM, Pellicano R Abstract Proctitis is an inflammation involving the anus and the distal part of the rectum, frequently diagnosed in the context of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Nevertheless, when the standard therapy for IBD is ineffective, it becomes necessary for the clinician to review alternative etiologies, beginning from the broad chapter of infectious causes up to rare causes such as radiation, ischemia, diversion and traumatisms. While it is possible to find infectious proctitides caused by pathogens generally inducing extens...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Predictors of risk of fracture in inflammatory bowel diseases: a prospective study using FRAX score.
CONCLUSIONS: The correlation between increase of inflammatory markers and increased risk of osteoporotic fractures and the lack of difference between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis suggest a central role of inflammation over malabsorption in this population. PMID: 32218426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Rheumatologic manifestations of hepatitis C in the era of direct-acting antiviral agents.
Authors: Priora M, Realmuto C, Parisi S, Ditto MC, Borrelli R, Peroni CL, Laganà A, Fusaro E Abstract Beyond the classic hepatic complications, hepatitis C (HCV) infection is considered as a systemic disease, since extrahepatic manifestations become clinically evident in 40 to 70% of the patients and it can frequently include rheumatic ones. Furthermore, HCV can promote the production of several autoantibodies, thus complicating the differential diagnosis between primitive and HCV- related rheumatic disorders. The recent development of direct-acting antivirals (DAA) against HCV has revolutionized the field, ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Severe acute alcoholic hepatitis and liver transplantation: recent acknowledgement.
Authors: Leone S, Pellicano R, Testino G, Caputo F PMID: 32218428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Management of alcohol related liver disease in liver transplant candidate patients need to introduce the formal caregiver.
Authors: Testino G, Balbinot P, Leone S, Pellicano R PMID: 32218429 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

The different daily distribution of proteins does not influence the variations in body composition in a sample of subjects undergoing a low-calorie mediterranean-type diet.
CONCLUSIONS: In overweight and obese subjects undergoing a Mediterranean-type low-calorie diet, a different distribution of daily protein intake between meals and snacks does not result in significant differences in terms of FM loss and LBM maintenance. This is one of the first studies showing that nutritional dietary plans with different daily protein distribution show no particular differences in fat loss and lean mass maintenance. PMID: 32218430 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue sampling of pancreatic lesions.
Authors: Facciorusso A Abstract Important advancements in endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue sampling techniques and development of new needle designs have improved the diagnostic yield of pancreatic lesions. This innovation in endoscopic ultrasound has also opened the door for early diagnosis and precision therapy in the management of cancer patients. Endoscopic ultrasound fine needle biopsy is an invaluable tool and newer biopsy designs will probably play a pivotal role in the management of pancreatic lesions in the next future. Aim of the current review is to provide an overview on the available techniques and ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 14, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Possible therapeutic role of a highly standardized mixture of active compounds derived from cultured Lentinula edodes mycelia (AHCC) in patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus.
Authors: Di Pierro F, Bertuccioli A, Cavecchia I Abstract The outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 disease (COVID-19) is currently, March 2020, affecting more than 100000 people worldwide and, according to the WHO (World Health Organization), a pandemic is shortly expected. The virus infects the lower respiratory tract and causes severe pneumonia and mortality in approximately 10% and 3-5%, respectively, of cases, mainly among the elderly and/or people affected by other diseases. AHCC is an α-glucan-based standardized mushroom extract that has been extensively investigated as an immunostimulant both in animals and/or in hu...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - March 14, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Differential diagnosis of solid pancreatic masses.
Authors: Iglesias-Garcia J, de la Iglesia-Garcia D, Olmos-Martinez JM, Lariño-Noia J, Dominguez-Muñoz JE Abstract Solid pancreatic lesions include mainly adenocarcinoma, neuroendocrine tumor pancreatic cystic neoplasms with solid component, solid pseudopapillary tumor, pancreatoblastoma, pancreatic lymphoma, and pancreatic metastasis. The most frequent pancreatic lesion is the adenocarcinoma, which represents between 70 to 95% of all solid pancreatic neoplasm. The diagnosis of these lesions can be a challenge and currently, there are different imaging techniques such as CT scan, EUS and MRI with high ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - January 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

The anti-spasmodic effect of peppermint oil during colonoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Aziz M, Sharma S, Ghazaleh S, Fatima R, Acharya A, Ghanim M, Sheikh T, Lee-Smith W, Hamdani SU, Nawras A Abstract INTRODUCTION: Multiple pharmacological agents have been studied in literature with antispasmodic effect during colonoscopy. Peppermint oil, with its relaxing effect on colon has demonstrated varying results. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available literature to evaluate its role during colonoscopy. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature search of the following databases were undertaken: PubMed\Medline, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science, and CINAHL. Outcomes th...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - January 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Eosinophilic colitis: clinical review and update 2020.
Authors: Giudici G, Ribaldone DG, Astegiano M, Saracco GM, Pellicano R Abstract Eosinophilic colitis (EC) is a rare inflammatory disease included in the chapter of eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs), diagnosed by the presence of primary eosinophilic infiltrate in the colon wall in symptomatic patients. While the aetiology of primary colonic eosinophilia is unknown, several conditions are involved in the pathogenesis of secondary eosinophilic colonic infiltrate (food allergens, parasitic infections, drugs), which have to be excluded in order to correctly diagnose the primary form of the disease. Up to n...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - January 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Transaminases: oldies but goldies. A narrative review.
CONCLUSIONS: Beside the role in the first diagnostic step of liver injuries, the utility of liver transaminases is also maintained during the follow-up of liver diseases and in their prognostic assessment. PMID: 31994373 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - January 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

A pilot study on the efficacy of a rational combination of artichoke and ginger extracts with simethicone in the treatment of gastrointestinal symptoms in endurance athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: The supplementation of standardized artichoke and ginger extracts, combined with simethicone, may be effective in decreasing digestive discomfort and alteration of gastric motility not only in healthy subjects but also in endurance athletes. PMID: 31994374 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - January 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Irritable bowel syndrome: diagnosis and management.
Authors: Masuy I, Pannemans J, Tack J Abstract Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) encountered in clinical practice. In the absence of an accurate biomarker for the disorder, IBS is mainly diagnosed based symptomology using the Rome criteria. Due to the heterogeneity of the disorder, finding the correct treatment option is often challenging. In general, lifestyle and dietary changes, including the low-FODMAP of gluten-free diet, are the first-in-line treatment for all patients. Issues with dietary changes are the strict elimination of multiple food ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - December 11, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Stenting in esophageal perforations: almost always a winning move.
Authors: Luigiano C, Iabichino G, Palamara MA, Eusebi LH PMID: 31820884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - December 11, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Gluten-sensitive enteropathy of the Irish Setter and similarities with human celiac disease.
Authors: Biagi F, Maimaris S, Vecchiato CG, Costetti M, Biagi G Abstract Gluten-sensitive enteropathy of the Irish Setter is an immune-mediated intolerance to gluten, the protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and oats, reminiscent of human celiac disease. Intestinal histological lesions include partial villous atrophy, infiltration of the lamina propria by lymphocytes and plasma cells, and an increased intraepithelial lymphocyte count. Gluten-sensitive enteropathy is transmitted via autosomal recessive inheritance and its pathogenesis appears to involve cell-mediated immunity but not humoral immunity. In comparison ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - December 11, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Comparing the dietary habits and social-health behaviors among university students living at or away from home: a cross-sectional study.
Authors: Rondanelli M, Perna S, Tagliacarne SC, Valsecchi C, Nicosanti G, Peroni G, Rossi F, Iannello G, Azzolini E, Ghiselli A, Morelli L, Castellazzi AM PMID: 31760733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - November 27, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Gastrointestinal physiopatological testing: what's new?
Authors: Battaglia E, Boano V, Sguazzini CE, Elia CM, Grassini M PMID: 31760734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - November 27, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Oral supplementation with lactobacilli to prevent colorectal cancer in preclinical models.
Authors: Settanni CR, Quaranta G, Bibbò S, Gasbarrini A, Cammarota G, Ianiro G Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is still a major threat for public health, as it is the third most common cancer in men and the second in women and it ranks second among tumors in terms of mortality. Evidence from the last decades emphasizes the complex role of gut microbial composition in CRC development. Historically, it is believed that dairy products, a source of lactobacilli and other lactic acid bacteria, are beneficial for human health and help in preventing CRC. We searched online literature for trials evaluating the prev...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - November 27, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Nissen fundoplication and dyspeptic symptoms: is the water load test useful?
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with reflux-related symptoms, with or without esophagitis, the water load test is frequently abnormal, suggesting an altered gastric function. Nissen fundoplication is associated with a relatively higher incidence of bloating, epigastric pain and fullness. These preliminary data could explain the incomplete resolution of symptoms after surgery in some patients, and suggest the use of additional studies to explore the gastric function in pre-surgical evaluation. PMID: 31760736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - November 27, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis with diets: an update.
Authors: Lucendo AJ, Molina-Infante J Abstract Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic inflammatory esophageal disease triggered and maintained predominantly by food antigens. It represents a unique form of non-IgE mediated food allergy, largely dependent upon delayed, cell-mediated hypersensitivity. First-line therapies for EoE consist on drugs with anti-inflammatory effect (mainly including topic steroids and proton pump inhibitors) and dietary therapy. An elimination diet that avoids the consumption of food triggers currently remains the only therapy targeting the cause of EoE. Currently, available food alle...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - November 27, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency and Crohn's disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Fecal elastase-1 level was normal in all patients with CD strongly indicated absence of PEI in this group of patients. PMID: 31760738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica)
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - November 27, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Intestinal ultrasonography in adults with Crohn's disease: a 2020 update.
Authors: Sarno A, Varello S, Debani P, Bonenti G, Robotti D Abstract In the last years intestinal ultrasonography (IUS) has increased its role in the management of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), that include Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis. This is due to the fact that IUS is a non-invasive, inexpensive, and well-tolerated examination technique. Furthermore, it allows a real-time diagnosis with no radiation exposure. Usually, convex and linear probes with frequency between 3.5 and 12 MHz are used, also with the Color- Power Doppler. Focusing on CD, the IUS images of clinical interest are: bowel wall...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - November 27, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research

Magnetic resonance enterography: a narrative review.
Authors: Gatti M, Allois L, Carisio A, Dianzani C, Garcia Martinez M, Ruggirello I, Varello S, Darvizeh F, Faletti R Abstract Crohn's disease (CD) is a condition of chronic inflammation that may involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract, although it more frequently affects the terminal ileum. Longstanding inflammation may lead to several bowel complications including obstruction, stricture, fistula and abscesses which often necessitate surgery. Cross-sectional imaging methods such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are being utilized more frequently to assess mural and extramural ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - November 27, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research