‘You feel unusual walking’: The invisible presence of walking in four English cities
Publication date: Available online 28 August 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Colin G Pooley , Dave Horton , Griet Scheldeman , Caroline Mullen , Tim Jones , Miles Tight Walking is widely recognised as good for health and for the environment, yet many short journeys in urban areas continue to be undertaken by car. This paper draws on research from a large multi-method project to analyse the factors that limit walking for everyday travel. It is argued that although most people see walking in a positive light, and almost everyone walks on some occasions, as an activity it remains barely visible ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The development of policy-relevant transport indicators to monitor health behaviours and outcomes
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Hannah Badland , Suzanne Mavoa , Karen Villanueva , Rebecca Roberts , Melanie Davern , Billie Giles-Corti Evidence-based and replicable spatial indicators relevant to transport policy are needed to monitor pathways for health behaviours and outcomes and inform planning in this field. Yet, little is known about which indicators are most useful, what are meaningful geographic scales for applying spatial data, and how these relate to urban and transport planning policy. As such, we sought to: (1) develop a conceptual mo...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Retraction notice to “Analyzing road surface conditions, collision time, and road structural factors associated with bicycle collisions from 2000 to 2010 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan” [J. Transp. Health 1/1 (2014) 40–44]
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 1, Issue 3 Author(s): Danzhu (Anna)Chen , Daniel Fuller (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The health implications of inequalities in travel
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 1, Issue 3 Author(s): Roger L. Mackett The purpose of this paper is to examine whether some groups in society have poorer travel opportunities or are affected adversely by transport more than others with consequent implications for their health. The following potential inequalities in access to travel are considered: income, ethnicity, gender, rurality and disability. The impacts of two externalities of the transport system are considered: casualty rates and atmospheric emissions. Access to a car is found to be a key factor. Generally, ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

High group level validity but high random error of a self-report travel diary, as assessed by wearable cameras
This study assesses the validity and reliability of a self-reported travel diary (a modified version of a well-established UK travel diary; The National Travel Survey (NTS)) by comparison with wearable camera data. Across four locations (Oxford, UK; Romford, UK; San Diego, USA; and Auckland, New Zealand) we collected 3–4 days of SenseCam (wearable camera) and travel diary data from 84 adult participants (purposive sample). Compliance with the data collection protocol was high and inspection of the crude results suggests acceptable agreement between measures for total days of data collected (diary=278; SenseCam=274), ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A biographical approach to studying individual change and continuity in walking and cycling over the life course
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 1, Issue 3 Author(s): Heather Jones , Kiron Chatterjee , Selena Gray Most research studies seeking to understand walking and cycling behaviours have used cross-sectional data to explain inter-individual differences at a particular point in time. Investigations of individual walking and cycling over time are limited, despite the fact that insights on this could be valuable for informing policies to support life-long walking and cycling. The lack of existing longitudinal data, difficulties associated with its collection and scepticism tow...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Effects of a Danish multicomponent physical activity intervention on active school transport
Conclusion The prevalence of AST was high at both baseline and follow-up, but no difference between the intervention and comparison schools was detected. Future intervention research should ensure a high degree of involvement of students, teachers and parents, focus merely on AST and take advantage of already planned physical environment changes in well-designed natural experiments. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Can social marketing make 20mph the new norm?
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 1, Issue 3 Author(s): Sarah Toy , Alan Tapp , Charles Musselwhite , Adrian Davis This paper reports the findings of a study that explored the possible role for social marketing in supporting compliance with 20mph signs-only speed limits. The study, completed in July 2012, involved a review of the literature, the re-visiting of case studies of existing and planned 20mph signs-only schemes, mainly within Great Britain, and a qualitative research project with the citizens of Bristol, England. A key finding was the mismatch between people׳...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Excess passenger weight impacts on US transportation systems fuel use (1970–2010)
This article analyzes the transportation industry to determine the amount of additional fuel use, greenhouse gas emissions, and fuel costs that are attributed to excess passenger weight in light-duty vehicles, transit vehicles, and passenger aircraft in the US from 1970 to 2010. Using driving and passenger information in the US and historical anthropometric data, it is estimated that since 1970 over 205 billion additional liters of fuel were consumed to support the extra weight of the American population. This is equivalent to 1.1% of total fuel use for transportation systems in the United States. Also, excess passenger we...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Don׳t learn safety by accident: A survey of child safety restraint usage among drivers in Dansoman, Accra
Conclusion The study maintained that a collaborated effort by road safety stakeholders in terms of education/awareness creation and subsequent strict enforcement of child restraints use laws were required. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health and transportation: Small scale area association
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Mehran Fasihozaman Langerudi , Mohammadian Abolfazl (Kouros) , P.S. Sriraj Public health, as a major factor influencing the livability and well-being of a community has been a subject of interest in many academic fields. It is postulated that public health has strong correlations with various factors including land development, urban form, and transportation system elements. However, due to scarcity of individual level and confidential health data, such analysis has been typically conducted in an aggregate level r...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Linking transport, health and sustainability: Better data sets for better policy-making
Publication date: Available online 16 September 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Clemence Cavoli , Nicola Christie , Jennifer Mindell , Helena Titheridge The impact transport has on our physical and mental health and on the environment is increasingly recognised by academics, practitioners and decision-makers. To inform policy-making and research, it is crucial to have access to sufficient comprehensive datasets linking these topics. Large scale surveys rarely combine questions on transport, health and sustainability, limiting their usefulness in research and policy-making. This project set ou...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Potential impacts of subsidised bus travel for older people
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Anthony A. Laverty , Christopher Millett In this viewpoint we will reflect on the concessionary bus pass system in use in England and how this may affect the health and wellbeing of older persons. We will consider these issues in light of controversy over whether any benefits from such schemes can justify their costs. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Managing the safe mobility of older road users: How to cope with their diversity?
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Claude Marin-Lamellet , Sonja Haustein Against the background of an ageing population, the management of older people׳s safe mobility is becoming an increasingly important issue. Mobility is vital for older people׳s quality of life and several examples of good practice that support older people׳s safe mobility already exist. However, the older population is increasingly diverse and its different segments have different mobility needs and expectations. This paper has reviewed practices to manage older people׳s ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology and spatial examination of bicycle-motor vehicle crashes in Iowa, 2001–2011
Conclusions Environmental factors, as well as developmental (age) and behavioral factors of bicycle-motor vehicle crashes vary by location (intersection/non-intersection). Results from this study can be used to tailor and target multiple intervention approaches, such as making infrastructure changes, increasing safety behavior among both motorists and bicyclists, and identifying which age groups and locations would most benefit from intervention. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Transit use and walking as potential mediators of the association between accessibility to services and amenities and social participation among urban-dwelling older adults: Insights from the VoisiNuAge study
Publication date: Available online 3 October 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Dominic Julien , Lucie Richard , Lise Gauvin , Michel Fournier , Yan Kestens , Bryna Shatenstein , Mark Daniel , Geneviève Mercille , Hélène Payette Accessibility to services and amenities is related to social participation in older adults. However, the mechanisms underlying this association are not clear. Transit use and walking may be potential mediating variables. The aim of this study was to investigate whether frequency of transit use and frequency of walking mediated the relationship betwee...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

School travel planning in Canada: Identifying child, family, and school-level characteristics associated with travel mode shift from driving to active school travel
Conclusion The study findings highlight the potential of the STP process in Canada in promoting mode shift from driving to AST. The findings demonstrate STPs may be more effective in some locations where conditions are conducive to mode change. This should inform the development of STP school-selection criteria that may maximize already limited resources by recruiting schools most responsive to STP. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Driving licences and medical screening in old age: Review of literature and European licensing policies
Publication date: Available online 5 October 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Anu Siren , Sonja Haustein Chronological age, per se, seems to be, in the case of mature drivers, only a weak predictor of safe driving performance. However, screening policies based on chronological age are widely used. Nevertheless, lately, more evidence-based policies have been called for. In this paper we first, investigate the evidence for and against having an age-based driver screening policy in place; second, we map and compare the current driving licensing policies in European Union (EU) member states in ord...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The marginalisation of bicycling in Modernist urban transport planning
This article deals with the scientific factors that have contributed to the dominance of motorised transport and the development of theoretical approaches in transport planning. Connections are made to modernism and to the theories within the field of transport planning that have created today׳s transport systems. Connections are then made to the field of bicycle planning. It is argued that there is a lack of theoretical research in bicycle planning that built on empirical studies. This has contributed to the bicycle often being marginalised in transport systems. Moreover, it is argued that new theoretical research could ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

What limits the pedestrian? Exploring perceptions of walking in the built environment and in the context of every-day life
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): David Lindelöw , Åse Svensson , Catharina Sternudd , Maria Johansson Walkability is often researched from the perspective of certain physical features in the built environment. However, for this paper, the point of departure was to also treat walking as a transport mode for reaching destinations and performing every-day activities. A conceptual model addressing both perceptions of the built environment and perceived limits due to every-day activities was used as a standpoint for examining walking behaviou...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Destinations matter: The association between where older adults live and their travel behavior
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Anna M. Chudyk , Meghan Winters , Md Moniruzzaman , Maureen C. Ashe , Joanie Sims Gould , Heather McKay The positive effect of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of many chronic diseases and age-related disabilities, such as mobility-disability, are widely accepted. Mobility is broadly defined as the ability of individuals to move themselves within community environments. These two concepts – physical activity and mobility – are closely linked and together contribute to older adults living...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

They go straight home – don’t they? Using global positioning systems to assess adolescent school-travel patterns
Conclusion GPS and accelerometry provide context-rich information relating to school-travel. The hour before/after school may – on average – provide a simple means to crudely estimate physical activity from school-travel when GPS are not available. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Spatial and social variations in cycling patterns in a mature cycling country exploring differences and trends
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Lucas Harms , Luca Bertolini , Marco te Brömmelstroet Despite the Netherlands’ position as a premier cycling country (mainly due to its high cycling mode share), there is scarce insight into the variations of bicycle use between different spatial and social contexts as well as changes and trends over time. This gap severely limits the understanding of the context-specific aspects of cycling trends and hinders the development of effective policies to promote cycling. In order to fill this gap, this paper e...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The link between socioeconomic position, access to cycling infrastructure and cycling participation rates: An ecological study in Melbourne, Australia
Conclusion In Melbourne, cycling infrastructure is positively correlated with cycle prevalence and is generally distributed equitably with respect to area-level socioeconomic position. In part this reflects the high levels of cycling infrastructure and spending in some relatively disadvantaged areas. Further studies that seek to understand the drivers behind successful policies in these areas may provide lessons for other areas, and aid our understanding of the complex relationships between cycling infrastructure, cycling behaviour and socioeconomic position. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evaluating artificial neural networks for predicting minute ventilation and lung deposited dose in commuting cyclists
This study presents a novel method of indirectly measuring cyclists׳ breathing rates in an urban outdoor setting and will have applications in assessing accurate air pollution uptake in cyclists in future research. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Transportation mode usage and physical, mental and social functions in older Japanese adults
Conclusion Extending the travel area through use of transportation modes might provide health benefits. Assessing transportation mode usage could improve screening and assistance strategies for people who are physically or mentally frail or lonely. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A transport and health geography perspective on walking and cycling
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2014 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Lisa Davison , Angela Curl The impetus for this Viewpoint is to explore the ways in which health and transport geographers can add to understanding of the inter-relationship between health and non-motorised travel, through interpretation of a conference session titled: “Walking and Cycling – The contributions of health and transport geography” from the Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) annual conference in 2013 convened by the authors, then to highlight where ge...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 3, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research