Women's perceived risk of sexual harassment in a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system: The case of Barranquilla, Colombia
ConclusionSexual harassment could potentially influence use of the BRT. The findings of this research can be used to develop countermeasures and increase public transport ridership. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - August 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Differences in life space area between older non-cyclists, conventional cyclists and e-bikers
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 14Author(s): Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Paul Schepers, Benedicte Deforche, Bas de GeusAbstractPurposeConventional and electric bicycles (e-bikes) offer a non-polluting and physically-active alternative to cars to support older adults’ access to different life spaces. We aimed to provide an initial exploration of the relationship between cycling status (non-cyclist, conventional cyclist or e-biker) and life space area. Additionally, we examined whether this was moderated by sex, functional health and car driving.MethodsCross-sectional survey ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An examination of active travel trends before and after college graduation
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 14Author(s): Melissa Bopp, Oliver W.A. Wilson, Michele Duffey, Zack PapaliaAbstractBackgroundActive travel (AT); walking and biking for transportation; has many health, environmental and economic benefits, yet rates of participation remain low in the US. During college years AT participation is typically higher than in older adulthood, but it is unknown how this behavior tracks into later life stages. Therefore this study examined AT participation before and after graduation from college. Methods: A volunteer sample of college students partic...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Dose-response association of workplace facilities and policies with commuter bicycling among adults
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 14Author(s): Anna K. Porter, Harold W. Kohl, Deborah Salvo (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Injury severity in police collision reports correlates poorly with requirement for hospital admission.
This study linked driver records with hospital records to investigate the correlation of injury data in police collision reports with need for hospital admission.MethodsWe studied hospital admissions and traffic collisions involving British Columbia residents between 2005 and 2015. Probabilistic linkage between driver licence and personal health number was successful for 95.5% of drivers. We first compared population level statistics on number of serious injuries following a motor vehicle crash according to police reports with the number hospital admissions for road trauma recorded in hospital records. Second, we determine...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Assessment for health equity of PM2.5 exposure in bikeshare systems: The case of Divvy in Chicago
ConclusionsOur research has clearly shown that users from disadvantaged areas are more likely to take a risk of absorbing more PM2.5, especially when traveling to other areas with more job opportunities and other essential services by bikeshare. In summary, our research points out an ignored aspect in planning bikeshare. Bicycle infrastructure design and air pollution control should be integrated into the process of bikeshare promotion in disadvantaged areas. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Masculinities at play. A sociocultural approach to the practices of risky riding among male motorcyclists in Valledupar, Colombia
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 14Author(s): Angélica Torres-Quintero, Diana Liceth Palacios-Doncel, Maria Teresa Dominguez-Torres, Martín Emilio Gáfaro-Barrera, Johanna Burbano-Valente (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Geographic variations in reported and treated pain and mental health problems in the first two years after transport-related major trauma
ConclusionsThe variations in reported problems and treatment suggest a high level of potential unmet treatment need. Targeted strategies should now be developed to facilitate access to pain or mental health treatment when it is needed, regardless of where one lives.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Environmental and economic assessment of traffic-related air pollution using aggregate spatial information: A case study of Balneário Camboriú, Brazil
ConclusionsThis study serves as the first comprehensive analysis of traffic air pollution for the specific study region, providing implications and modeling tools that can be leveraged in public policies focusing on the elimination of the transportation-generated health burden. The developed analysis framework can also serve as a supporting tool for Public Agencies focusing on the high-level evaluation of traffic-related air pollution using limited and aggregate spatial and traffic data. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 22, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The visual search patterns of drivers with Autism Spectrum Disorders in complex driving scenarios
ConclusionLicensed drivers with ASD were found to allocate visual attention differently compared to licensed drivers without ASD. Poor scanning patterns with an over-focus on the road ahead and less scanning of the road side and periphery may possibly result in unsafe driving. However, risk-taking behaviour was not prevalent in these drivers. Effective visual scanning strategies could be incorporated in the driver training of individuals with ASD. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 22, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Substituting sedentary time with physical activity domains: An isotemporal substitution analysis in Chile
ConclusionReplacing SB not only with LTPA but also travel PA appears to be favorably associated with lower levels of obesity indicators. Walking and cycling as part of our travel PA may be a more feasible way of increasing PA levels than moderate or vigorous intensities PA in the overall population, at lower costs and environmentally friendly.. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Differences in social and physical dimensions of perceived walkability in Mexican American and non-hispanic white walking environments in Tucson, Arizona
ConclusionsContributors to perceived walkability in non-Hispanic white study areas were largely consistent with existing built environment-focused walkability metrics. Differences seen in Mexican American areas suggest a need to better understand differences across populations, expand the construct of walkability to consider social environment attributes, and account for interactions between social and physical environments. Results highlight the need for collaboration between public health and planning professionals, to evaluate walkability using culturally relevant measures that account for the social environment, partic...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of transport cycling in Chile: Results from 2014 to 2015 national surveys
This study aimed to document the prevalence of transport cycling in urban-dwelling Chilean adults and to examine factors associated with transport cycling in this population.MethodsData were collected from two cross-sectional National Environmental Surveys. Surveys were administered through a computer-assisted telephone interview system to representative samples of adult residents of the 15 regional capital cities in 2014 (n = 5057) and 2015 (n = 5664). Multivariable, multi-level logistic regression modelling was used to assess correlates of bicycling as the primary transport mode (yes, no) in the total sample and ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Assessing the spatial burden in health care accessibility of low-income families in rural Northeast Brazil
ConclusionsThese results emphasise that the majority of this rural low-income population, who mostly live in a walking world (Porter, 2002), experience an insurmountable spatial burden preventing them from accessing public health services. It is argued that the availability of geo-location of low-income households registered in Social Programs (like the Cisterns Program) would enable a significant step forward in the Brazilian Transport and Public health planning. This study not only calls attention to the major hurdle faced by low-income families in Northeast Brazil but also offers a direction to where and for whom new tr...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Are all transit stations equal and equitable? Calculating sustainability, livability, health, & equity performance of smart growth & transit-oriented-development (TOD)
This study provides a unique evaluation of urban quality performance related to Transportation Land-use Coordination (TLC), “Smart Growth” and “New Urbanism. We find stations with higher levels of livability opportunity access to be significantly associated with key quality of life outcomes for individuals and society, such as lower rates of obesity, cardiovascular disease, asthma, driving, carbon emissions, and even lower poverty and unemployment. These higher-performing stations also have higher rates of walking, bicycling, transit use associated with lower household transportation costs which offset hi...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 18, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Welfare consequences for individuals whose driving licenses are withdrawn due to visual field loss: A Swedish example
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 14Author(s): Jonna Nyberg, Thomas Strandberg, Hans-Yngve Berg, Åsa Aretun (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The cost-effectiveness of competing congestion pricing plans in New York city
ConclusionsImplementing congestion pricing in New York City would save both money and lives. Both of the plans we evaluate are roughly equal in value, and this is likely true of the plans that fall in-between these two plans in design. These findings suggest that congestion pricing is highly cost-effective, but that the program components do not matter much from a health standpoint. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Equity issues associated with transport barriers in a Brazilian medium-sized city
ConclusionsThe research indicates that the distribution of the number of residents along the types of railroad crossings and segments without railroad crossings is equitable for residents with permanent mobility constraints, by gender and for the elderly, whereas it is not equitable for low-income residents and aged up to 19 years old. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Associations between utilitarian walking, meeting global physical activity guidelines, and psychological well-being among South Korean adolescents
This study examined the levels of utilitarian walking by age and gender and associations between utilitarian walking, meeting global physical activity guidelines, and psychological well-being in a nationally representative sample of South Korean adolescents.MethodsThe 2016 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey included complete self-reported data from 60,548 adolescents aged 12–17 years (M age = 14.8 ± .02). Utilitarian walking was the exposure variable and outcome variables included meeting the World Health Organization's moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) recommendation (≥60 min/...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

“I am sick and tired of this congestion”: Perceptions of Sanandaj inhabitants on the family mental health impacts of urban traffic jam
ConclusionThe UTJ in Sanandaj has led to diminished mental health and weakend life quality among families of both general population and inner-city drivers. Our results may help public health practitioners and urban traffic and transportation (UTT) stakeholders in finding a better understanding on potential health impacts of UTJs. In developing countries, like Iran, there is great need to health-oriented policymaking while developing UTT plans and projects. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Transport barriers and its health implications in Asunción
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 14Author(s): Maria Cecilia Rojas López, Dante Fernando Recalde Melo, Yiik Diew WongAbstractIntroductionAsunción is the capital of Paraguay, a landlock country in South America. The level of urbanisation in the city is increasing at a fast rate without proper planning. Local transport problem-symptoms can be related to health issues in the city, yet there are no official studies. This is a pioneering work describing transport-and-health-links in Asunción city.ScopeTransport-and-health-links in Asunción in relation t...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors affecting personal autonomy and perceived accessibility of people with mobility impairments in an urban transportation choice context
ConclusionsThis paper advances the knowledge of how tangible and latent attributes affect the transportation choice process for people with mobility impairments by estimating an HDC model that integrates waiting time, travel time, urban transportation costs, personal autonomy, and perceived accessibility. Our results also contribute to a better understanding of the transportation needs of people with mobility impairments in developing countries.ResumenIntroducciónEste artículo estudia los factores que afectan la autonomía personal y la accesibilidad percibida de las personas con problemas de movilidad ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Inhalation cancer risk from PM10 in the metropolitan subway stations in Korea
ConclusionIn the SMS, cancer risk levels were estimated in the acceptable range (1 × 10−06 - 1 × 10−05) of life carcinogenic risk for the commuters, provided by the World Health Organization (WHO). Furthermore, Cr and Ni were identified as significant contributors to inhalation cancer risks with 58% and 39% of total risk level, respectively for teen and adult. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Does social environment mediate the association between perceived safety and physical activity among adults living in low socioeconomic neighborhoods?
ConclusionsStrategies that empower collective efficacy and social ties within the neighborhoods can be utilized to limit the effect of neighborhood problems on healthy physical activities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a bicycle skills training intervention on increasing bicycling and confidence: A longitudinal quasi-experimental study
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 14Author(s): Stephanie Sersli, Nicholas Scott, Meghan Winters (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Stressful by design: Exploring health risks of ride-share work
ConclusionAs greater numbers of passengers opt for ride-share transportation and more people take up ride-share work, understanding potential short- and long-term health implications is an important area of inquiry. Understanding the working conditions of ride-share drivers can support the development of appropriate policy and practice tools to improve ride-share drivers’ health and safety. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Pattern of underreporting of Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs): An investigation of missing burden of RTIs in Pakistan
ConclusionsThe problem of underreporting is mostly observed for non-fatal crashes and young people. It also recommends to establish a road crash data unit at the city level to assess the actual burden of RTIs. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 13Author(s): (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Why are cyclists the happiest commuters? Health, pleasure and the e-bike
ConclusionWe conclude that cycling planning and promotion should move beyond merely focusing on safety to explore how cycling infrastructure can protect and enhance the physical, social and psychological pleasures of cycling. Specific recommendations include designing cycling environments in ways that support sociable riding and relaxed engagement with natural landscapes and urban design features. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Built urban environment and functional incapacity: Enabling healthy aging
ConclusionsWhile additional research is required to evaluate these neighborhood features in more detail and determine the causality, promoting simple changes in the built environment may be more effective in minimizing disability as the population ages than the efforts to change risk factors at the individual level. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Predictive variables for musculoskeletal problems in professional drivers
ConclusionsThis study helps to extend knowledge of musculoskeletal disorders with the aim of improving the health of professional drivers. The results highlight the importance of designing individual interventions to reduce the incidence of musculoskeletal problems in professional drivers. This would provide greater well-being and lead to a reduction in sick leave. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health effects of pollution on the residential population near a Brazilian airport: A perspective based on literature review
ConclusionsIt is plausible to speculate that residing near airports (including São Paulo International Airport) increases the likelihood of developing health problems or exacerbating pre-existing conditions. Considering the volume and importance of air transport to society, it is incumbent to invest in mitigating alternatives to improve air quality and reduce noise around airports.ResumenIntroducciónLos aeropuertos son una fuente importante de contaminación atmosférica y acústica. La exposición aguda y crónica a la contaminación del aire es perjudicial para la salud h...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Accessibility of cooling centers to heat-vulnerable populations in New York State
ConclusionsIn urban areas many residents were not within walking distance of a cooling center, but most, and nearly all in the most heat-vulnerable areas, were within walking distance of public transportation to a cooling center. In rural locations distances were longer, and accessibility is a greater issue. Cooling centers can be a valuable resource for general and heat-vulnerable populations during an extreme heat event. When planning and implementing cooling centers, it is therefore important to improve accessibility and address other barriers that can hamper their utilization. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “How do traffic and demand daily changes define urban emergency medical service (uEMS) strategic decisions?: A multi-period survival approach” [JTH 12 (2019) 60–74]
Publication date: Available online 8 June 2019Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Marco Amorim, Sara Ferreira, António Couto (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Non-collision incidents on buses due to acceleration and braking manoeuvres leading to falling events among standing passengers
ConclusionsThese findings may indicate that acceleration and braking manoeuvres should be studied separately. It is worth noting that driving style might influence the risk of losing balance for standing passengers, and shortening the time to get seated can be beneficial for reducing the risk of falling, especially for the elderly users after boarding the bus. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 7, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The Malay Manchester Driver Behaviour Questionnaire: A cross-sectional study of geriatric population in Malaysia
ConclusionsThe four-factor structures of the Malay DBQ were very similar to the original DBQ, but not identical. This study suggested declining cognitive capabilities of older people were likely to be associated with the increasing likelihood of problems with attention. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 7, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Older former drivers’ health, activity, and transport in New Zealand
ConclusionThe older New Zealand former drivers studied were mostly female, widowed, and living alone. Very few had planned ahead for driving cessation, and most transport was heavily dependent on private cars driven by others. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 7, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Role of social dimensions on active transportation and environmental protection: A survey at the University of Samarra, Iraq
ConclusionsThis study identified sociocultural, environmental, and transportation factors that affect the use of active transportation (i.e., walking and cycling) to and from the University of Samara. Increasing awareness within the society about the advantages of active transportation and an improvement in country security will largely help people to engage more in active transportation. This awareness through education should specifically target females whose societal norms and traditions hamper their engagement in active transportation. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 7, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Fatigue and poor sleep are associated with driving risk among Korean occupational drivers
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 14Author(s): Sooyoung Kwon, Heejung Kim, Gwang Suk Kim, Eunhee ChoAbstractBackgroundOccupational drivers are vulnerable to traffic incidents. Although modifiable factors should be emphasized when developing preventive interventions, there is a lack of knowledge concerning how fatigue, sleep, and health status are associated with driving risk in occupational drivers.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to identify the associations between driving risk indices with fatigue and sleep-related characteristics in Korean occupational drivers.MethodsPa...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 7, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Non-collision injuries, physical activity, and wellbeing
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2019Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Jennifer S. Mindell (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Why cities with high bicycling rates are safer for all road users
ConclusionsThis paper provides an evidence-based approach to building safer cities. While the policy implications of this work point to protected and separated bike infrastructure as part of the solution, we need to keep in mind that these approaches are complementary and should not be considered in isolation. Moreover, our results – particularly the safety disparities associated with gentrification – suggest equity issues and the need for future research. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The 15-minute walkable neighborhoods: Measurement, social inequalities and implications for building healthy communities in urban China
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 13Author(s): Min Weng, Ning Ding, Jing Li, Xianfeng Jin, He Xiao, Zhiming He, Shiliang SuAbstractA sufficient number of studies have highlighted that walkable neighborhoods can help to reduce the risk of obesity and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The Chinese government advocates the 15-minute (15-min) walkable neighborhoods to provide citizens with 15-min walkable access to basic public services, and ultimately to improve walking behavior and overall health. Following the Walk Score metric, this paper proposes a modified method for measuring 15-...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Neighborhood connectivity matters: Keeping older people mobile and healthy
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Nina M. Silverstein (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An investigation of awareness, perceptions, and usage of child car seats in Pakistan
The objectives of this study were to investigate the level of awareness and usage of child car seats in Pakistan, identify problems that influence non-usage among the knowledgeable parents, as well as to explore the need and interventions for conducting effective awareness campaigns or educational programs for parents in the country.MethodsTotal 375 vehicles with children occupants and 622 children were observed at several schools, day-care centers, pediatric departments in hospitals, and children recreational places within 3 cities of Pakistan. Child safety restraints usage was almost negligible in the study sample. Out o...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 22, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Always on the defensive: The effects of transit sexual assault on travel behavior and experience in Colombia and Bolivia
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 13Author(s): Gwen KashAbstractThis mixed-methods study uses surveys and interviews with transit users to document the prevalence and effects of transit sexual assault in two Latin American transit systems: Bogotá, Colombia's TransMilenio BRT and informal transit in El Alto, Bolivia. Transit sexual assault is common in both systems, but more prevalent in the overcrowded TransMilenio system; 37% of female TransMilenio users reported experiencing unwanted sexual contact while using transit. Transit users in general are found to respond to the ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Does filtering by powered two-wheelers present a risk for pedestrians in city centers?
ConclusionsIn cities, filtering practices by PTW have a deleterious effect on pedestrian safety. Countermeasures concerning the road layout or enforcement seem possible to mitigate this deleterious effect. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Transport and wellbeing in a newly constructed greenfield estate: A quantitative exploration of the commuting experience
ConclusionsThe pathways between commute time, mental health and subjective wellbeing are complex and embedded in subjective experiences of the commute both past and present. These findings need further research in the future. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Social isolation and physical activity mediate associations between free bus travel and wellbeing among older adults in England
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2019Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Sarah E. Jackson, Josh A. Firth, Joseph Firth, Nicola Veronese, Trish Gorely, Igor Grabovac, Lin Yang, Lee SmithAbstractBackgroundAims of this study were: (i) to examine relationships between free bus travel and wellbeing, and (ii) to assess the extent to which these associations can be explained by two key potential mediators: social isolation and physical activity.MethodsData were from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (n = 5861). Linear regression models tested associations between (i) concessionary bus pass (CBP)...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Exploring the health and spatial equity implications of the New York City Bike share system
ConclusionIn conclusion, although Citi Bike stations are not equitably located, the estimated annual health benefits are substantial and have increased over time. Our findings underscore the potential for even greater benefits with increased spatial access in higher-poverty neighborhoods and communities of color. Our findings highlight the importance of the built environment in shaping health and the need for a health equity lens to consider the social and political processes that perpetuate inequities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Older adults’ environmental preferences for transportation cycling
ConclusionsThe provision of well-separated cycle paths should be considered a priority in urban planning initiatives aiming to stimulate transportation cycling among older adults. Such initiatives should be evaluated to validate the current findings and optimize future initiatives. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research