Air travel and thromboembolic events after orthopedic surgery: Where are we and where do we need to go?
Conclusion Due to the small sample and heterogeneity of the studies available, a meta-analysis could not be performed. Acute post-operative air travel appears safe following joint arthroplasties and upper extremity fractures, but is unclear for spine and trauma patients. Further research should be directed towards the growing trend of air travel following surgical procedures. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 13, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Automobile dependence: A contributing factor to poorer health among lower-income households
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jerome N. Rachele, Takemi Sugiyama, Gavin Turrell, Aislinn M. Healy, James F. Sallis Lower household income is one of the strongest predictors of poor health. In this viewpoint, we explore an understudied pathway between household income and health: automobile dependence. We argue that the provision of policies that reduce automobile dependence, and facilitate active and affordable modes of travel (i.e. walking, cycling and public transport), may mitigate poorer health among individuals from lower-income households. ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Collaboration between physical activity researchers and transport planners: A qualitative study of attitudes to data driven approaches
This study utilized qualitative methods to 1) gain an in-depth understanding of the data utilized in AT planning, 2) explore the utility of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and accelerometer data in supporting the planning process, 3) identify the benefits and barriers of researcher and transport agency collaboration, and 4) identify the facilitators to collaboration for these groups. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 transport modeling, planning or engineering professionals, transport agency directors, and academics with relevant expertise in health or transport planning. A thematic analysis was conducted ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sociocultural perceptions of walkability in Mexican American neighborhoods: Implications for policy and practice
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Maia Ingram, Arlie Adkins, Krista Hansen, Vanessa Cascio, Evren Somnez (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Assessing the economic benefits and resilience of complete streets in Orlando, FL: A natural experimental design approach
This study applied a natural experiment design to: (1) explore the economic benefits on single-family (SF) property value appreciation before-and-after the implementation of the Complete Street during the housing market boom (from 2000 to 2007), and (2) examine the economic resilience of Complete Street designs on maintaining SF property values during the housing market crash (from 2007 to 2011) at Edgewater Dr. in Orlando, FL. Propensity score matching was used to match intervention and control residences with similar building attributes. On average, SF homes exposed to Complete Streets had 8.2% and 4.3% higher home value...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Walk21 Calgary – (re)Connecting community through walking
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Gavin R. McCormack, Bronwen Thornton, Jim Walker, Peter Sargious, John Brown (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The epidemiology of pedestrian deaths in Georgia USA: Opportunities for public health
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): McKinley Thomas, Jeff Jones (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Fatality rates associated with driving and cycling for all road users in Great Britain 2005 –2013
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Shaun Scholes, Malcolm Wardlaw, Paulo Anciaes, Benjamin Heydecker, Jennifer S. Mindell Fatality rates based on deaths only to the drivers themselves do not accurately portray the impact of driving on road traffic deaths. We characterised more fully the impact of driving and cycling on road traffic fatalities by including deaths to all the other road users in fatal car or cycle crashes. We used crash data from the Great Britain National Road Accident Database (STATS19) and exposure data from the National Travel Surve...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

What can fuel price increases tell us about the air pollution health co-benefits of a carbon price?
Conclusions The findings are suggestive of a short-term reduction in air pollutants associated with regular petrol or diesel fuel price rises, followed by a rebound increase. Further work could explore the specific pathways between fuel price and air pollution. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Road traffic injuries, mobility and gender. Patterns of risk in Southern Europe
Conclusions In our Southern European region, preventive strategies should be targeted in men, young and older people, motorcycles and long-distance drivers, as they present a higher risk of serious and fatal injuries. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Geographic variation in transportation concerns and adaptations to travel-limiting health conditions in the United States
Publication date: Available online 24 November 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Alex Evenson, Katy Kozhimannil, Ira Moscovice Transportation is a social determinant of health, and rural and urban locations are demonstratively different in their transportation availability and infrastructure. Rural and urban locations in the United States also differ in their socio-demographic and health profiles, with rural populations tending to be older, sicker, and poorer than their urban counterparts. Little is known, however, about how perceptions of transportation in the U.S. and ada...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Invisible cyclists? Disabled people and cycle planning – A case study of London
Publication date: Available online 29 November 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Neil Andrews, Isabelle Clement, Rachel Aldred This paper reports on analysis of over 50 London transport and cycling strategy documents. Both image and text were analysed, in exploring representations of disabled people, particularly as cyclists or potential cyclists. It remains unusual for disabled people's cycling to be considered within broader transport strategy documents; instead they are overwhelmingly conceptualised as public transport users and pedestrians. By contrast it was more usual for cycling strategie...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Potential of converting short car trips to active trips: The role of the built environment in tour-based travel
Conclusions Policymakers in LA who hope to increase walking should focus on the concentration of business activity in a compact commercial core in residential areas, while transit agencies in LA should consider trends like chained trip-making and restructure communities and central places with much greater transit accessibility. These strategies for local urban design and regional accessibility are likely to affect people's decisions concerning travel mode mostly in non-work travel without intervening stops; therefore, personal vehicle use can be reduced more easily by focusing on trips for leisure time activities and pers...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

What modes of transport are associated with higher levels of physical activity? Cross-sectional study of New Zealand adults
Conclusions There are complex cross-sectional relationships between level of physical activity and mode of transport to main activity in New Zealand. Encouraging walking and cycling to main activity may be a way of increasing population physical activity in New Zealand; however the association with public transport needs further investigation. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Driving and depression: Health professional's perspectives in Ireland
Conclusion A gap exists between what is expected of health professionals according to the Irish Slainte agus Tiomaint Guidelines and respondent's self–reported practices in addressing driving with their patients with depression. Further research to delineate the role of each profession and to explore assessment practices in greater detail is required. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Intergenerational change in children's independent mobility and active transport in New Zealand children and parents
Conclusion These findings demonstrate a clear generational decline in children's independent mobility and active transport. Greater promotion of active modes of travel and unstructured roaming in the neighbourhood may be an important step in reversing the reduction in this fundamental behaviour. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The impacts of limited transportation access on persons with disabilities' social participation
Publication date: Available online 26 October 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Graydon W. Bascom, Keith M. Christensen The purpose of this study is to examine individuals with disabilities’ social and community participation in relation to their access to transportation. A self-administered online questionnaire was disseminated to individuals with disabilities throughout the United States. Individuals were found to use private vehicles less often and public transportation more often than previous studies have shown. Individuals with increasingly significant disabilities were more likely t...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Elderly users ’ level of satisfaction with public transport services in a high-density and transit-oriented city
Publication date: Available online 29 October 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): R.C.P. Wong, W.Y. Szeto, Linchuan Yang, Y.C. Li, S.C. Wong Ageing populations are becoming common in many cities, and their rapid growth may lead to serious transportation issues when elderly users’ mobility is compromised by their inability to access or use public transport. It is of paramount importance to provide good public transport services to the elderly to maintain their quality of lives. An interviewer-administered face-to-face interview survey was conducted in March 2015 in Hong Kong, an example of a ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Examination of heart failure as a predictor of driving cessation
The objective of these analyses is to examine HF as an independent predictor of driving cessation across three years among a cohort of older drivers in the United States. Analyses included 850 older adults who completed sensory, cognitive, and physical measures at baseline and mobility and health measures at a three-year follow-up. Cox regression was used to examine the effects of HF, stroke, vision, cognition, and physical function as predictors of incident driving cessation over three years. Participants with HF were over three times more likely to cease driving, HR = 3.19, 95% CI [1.27, 8.02], p = .014. However, HF was ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Identifying factors related to a hit-and-run after a vehicle-bicycle collision
Conclusion The probability of a HAR partially depends on time, day of the week, and whether the vehicle type was a taxi. We discuss implications for policies and interventions aimed at preventing this type of collision and crime. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Happy-anger emotions classifications from electrocardiogram signal for automobile driving safety and awareness
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Khairun Nisa Minhad, Sawal Hamid Md Ali, Mamun Bin Ibne Reaz Developing a system to monitor the physical and psychological states of a driver and alert the driver is essential for accident prevention. Inspired by the advances in wireless communication systems and automatic emotional expression analysis using biological signals, an experimental protocol and computational model have been developed to study the patterns of emotions. The goal is to determine the most efficient display stimuli to evoke emotions and class...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Earth has not anything to show more fair....
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Selena Gray (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A novel approach to study the health consequences of road crashes
Conclusions The methodology described in this paper provides information about the full spectrum of road crashes and enables novel analyses of unexplored research questions. Based on the data collected so far and the example analysis presented in the paper, recommendations have been made about future data collection. The proposed data collection methodology enables characterisation of crash factors that are associated with long-term health consequences. The ability to timely identify those at risk provides important opportunities for early intervention to reduce long-term health outcomes also from low severity crashes. (So...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 7, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Income inequalities in Bike Score and bicycling to work in Canada
Publication date: Available online 7 October 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Daniel Fuller, Meghan Winters The purpose of this study was to examine income inequalities in Bike Score and bicycle to work mode share, a health enhancing form of physical activity, at the census tract level in Canada. This ecological study examined associations between income quintiles and availability of cycling infrastructure and cycling behaviour in 1282 census tracts in 8 cities in Canada. The outcomes were Bike Score, its components (Bike Lane Score, Hill Score, and Destinations and Connectivity Score), and bic...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 7, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Neighbourhood socioeconomic and transport disadvantage: The potential to reduce social inequities in health through transport
Publication date: Available online 2 October 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jerome N. Rachele, Vincent Learnihan, Hannah M. Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Gavin Turrell, Billie Giles-Corti Globally, concerns about population growth, urbanisation, traffic congestion, climate change and rising chronic disease are prompting policy-makers and governments to prioritise policies that support local walking and increase access to public transport. These are of particular relevance for those more likely to experience transport disadvantage, such as those in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas, where transp...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 3, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

How to define and measure pedestrian traffic deaths?
Publication date: Available online 2 October 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Rob Methorst, Paul Schepers, Nicola Christie, Bas de Geus (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 3, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Neighborhood walkability and active ageing: A difference in differences assessment of active transportation over ten years
Publication date: Available online 2 October 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Oriol Marquet, J. Aaron Hipp, Carme Miralles-Guasch The effects of neighborhood morphology and walkability over active travel patterns of ageing older adults are still largely unknown. We used a difference-in-differences design to compare the changes in active transport indicators on older adults ageing for ten years in different areas of the Barcelona Metropolitan Region (Spain). Participants were drawn from two large cross-sectional travel surveys in 2004 and 2014 creating a 10 year span in which they aged from 65&n...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 3, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Pedestrian environment and behavior in Lahore, Pakistan
This study was carried out in an attempt to understand and investigate existing side-walking and road-crossing behavior of pedestrians at intersections in the second most populous city of Pakistan. This study also investigated the behavior of drivers with respect to pedestrians at intersections. For this purpose, 1040 pedestrians and 974 drivers were observed through video recordings at eight different intersections and differences in side-walking and road-crossing behavior was investigated based on their gender, age group, land-use characteristics of the neighborhood and according to the presence of traffic signal at the ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 15, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Residential or activity space walkability: What drives transportation physical activity?
Conclusion Full activity space walkability showed the strongest association with TPA, compared with more restricted definitions. Exposure misclassification may contribute to the variability in built environment & health relationships. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 15, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Access to public mobility services and health in old age: A cross-sectional study in three Swedish cities
Discussion We provide evidence of epidemiological associations between access to public mobility services and good health in older age. Given the cross-sectional design of our analyses, and the related limitations, the associations found should be investigated more thoroughly by future studies using longitudinal and/or experimental designs. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 15, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Comparative fatality risk for different travel modes by age, sex, and deprivation
Conclusions Fatality rates for walking, cycling and driving are higher for males than females at almost every age and vary more by age than by travel mode. Deprivation exacerbates walking and driving fatality rates. Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 14, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Road travel casualties
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jennifer S. Mindell (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 14, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Children's active transport
Publication date: Available online 7 September 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Seraphim Alvanides (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 8, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Skate and die? The safety performance of skateboard travel: A look at injury data, fatality data, and rider behavior
Conclusions Skateboard travelers, like pedestrians and bicyclists, are “vulnerable users” of the transportation system, with fatality rates per distance traveled several times greater than motor vehicle occupants, and with motor vehicle collisions a common factor. Behaviorally, skateboarders roll along at speeds slightly slower than bicyclists. Thus, skateboarding safety issues mirror bicycle safety issues, with some potential for skateboarder-pedestrian conflicts due to speed differentials, and skateboarder injury and fatality risk from exposure to motor vehicles. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 8, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Work and sleep among transport operators: Disparities and implications for safety
Publication date: Available online 1 September 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Michael K. Lemke, Adam Hege, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Laurie Wideman, Sevil Sönmez The transportation and warehousing sector employs nearly 5 million individuals, many of whom are transport operators. Transport operators have experienced changes in work organization in recent decades; however, little is known about the impacts of these changes and how these impacts differ between operator types. Therefore, using two directly comparable transport operator datasets – one of all transport operator types by th...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 2, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Longitudinal evaluation of travel and health outcomes in relation to new bicycle infrastructure, Sydney, Australia
Conclusions Cycling participation has been decreasing in Sydney and Australia in recent years; however, urban bicycle transport infrastructure can have a positive impact on cycling, particularly urban cycling for transport, and has the potential to improve health and transport outcomes for city residents. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 1, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The influence of functional health on seniors ’ driving risk
Publication date: Available online 1 September 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jonathan F. Antin, Feng Guo, Youjia Fang, Thomas A. Dingus, Jonathan M. Hankey, Miguel A. Perez Driving safety is important for the growing population of seniors, as driving remains their primary mode of travel in the U.S., and declines in functional health are often associated with driving cessation. As some seniors may have limited or inaccurate insight into their own driving capabilities, a set of objectively measured functional health assessments is needed that could help them and other stakeholders to determine...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 1, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

International recognition of the links between transport, health and sustainability
Publication date: Available online 26 August 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jennifer S. Mindell (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - August 27, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Understanding bicycling in cities using system dynamics modelling
Conclusions A generalisable, dynamic causal theory for urban cycling enables a more ordered set of policy recommendations for different cities on a cycling trajectory. Participation meant the collective knowledge of cycling stakeholders was represented and triangulated with research evidence. Extending this research to further cities, especially in low-middle income countries, would enhance generalizability of the CLDs. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - August 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Spatial models of active travel in small communities: Merging the goals of traffic monitoring and direct-demand modeling
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Steve Hankey, Tianjun Lu, Andrew Mondschein, Ralph Buehler A number of recent studies have made progress on specific components of monitoring and modeling bicycle and pedestrian traffic. However, few efforts merge the goals of collecting traffic counts and developing spatial models to meet multiple objectives, e.g., tracking performance measures and spatial modeling for use in exposure assessment. We used estimates of bicycle and pedestrian Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) from a comprehensive traffic monitoring ca...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - August 25, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Driving change
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jennifer S. Mindell (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Can traffic management strategies improve urban air quality? A review of the evidence
The objective is to summarize the evidence base for a range of moderate-scale strategies broadly relevant to municipal and regional government decision-making. A systematic literature search was carried out to identify empirical studies of TMS effects on emissions, air quality, exposure, or health. Identified studies were reviewed to assess the state of evidence that TMS can improve urban air quality and pollution-related health outcomes for exposed populations. Overall, the evidence base is weak for these effects. There is limited evidence of effects on emissions for 7 of the 22 studied strategies, and limited evidence of...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - August 10, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Examining associations between urban design attributes and transport mode choice for walking, cycling, public transport and private motor vehicle trips
Conclusion The study found that environments that neighbourhoods with gross residential densities exceeding 20 dwellings per hectare, a well-connected street network, access to 9 or more local living destinations and short distances to public transport services (i.e., ≤ 400 m for bus and ≤ 800 m for train) encourage walking, cycling and public transport use, while discouraging driving. Comprehensive integrated urban planning of transport infrastructure, land use development and service provision is required to create neighbourhoods that support active and sustainable living that allow for a flexible mix of land uses ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - August 9, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Does exposure to new transport infrastructure result in modal shifts? Patterns of change in commute mode choices in a four-year quasi-experimental cohort study
Conclusion Our analyses revealed a large diversity in (changes in) travel behaviour patterns over time, and showed that the intervention did not result in one specific pattern of behaviour change or produce only full modal shifts. These insights are important for improving the measurement of travel behaviour, improving our understanding of how changes in travel behaviour patterns occur, and fully capturing the potential impacts of interventions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - August 2, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A cross sectional survey of attitudes, behaviours, barriers and motivators to cycling in University students
This study suggests that levels of cycling within a university setting may be higher than the general population and the appreciation of the merits of cycling are well recognised. In addition motivators and barriers are similar to the wider population. However more research is required, especially with occasional and non-cyclists, to understand how best to address the ‘value-action’ gap highlighted between cycling attitudes and behaviour amongst university students. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - August 1, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

School physical activity policies and active transport to school among pupils in the Czech Republic
Conclusion School policies and programs promoting active transport to and from schools in the Czech Republic contribute to the use of active transport and should be widely implemented. Gender-sensitive approaches should also be taken into account. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 29, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A systems analysis of Access-A-Ride, New York City ’s paratransit service
Conclusions The findings reveal a need and opportunity for dialogue about policies affecting how AAR service is delivered and highlights areas where policy has failed to ensure equal service, causing distress for users. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 25, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

How can cyclist injuries be included in health impact economic assessments?
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Rune Elvik, Hanne Beate Sundfør This paper discusses how injuries sustained while cycling can be included as a component of health impact economic assessment of increased cycling. To include injuries as a component of a health impact assessment, their expected frequency of occurrence and impacts on health must well known. In this respect, incomplete reporting of cyclist injuries in official accident statistics is an obstacle for good health impact assessment. It is convenient to represent injuries in terms of an ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 25, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The role of social networks in supporting the travel needs of people after serious traumatic injury: A nested qualitative study
This study explores the importance of social networks and transport for people who had experienced a traumatic injury three years earlier. Many participants found travelling difficult because of pain, discomfort, fatigue and mobility impairments caused by their injuries which led them to be highly dependent on being a passenger in cars driven by others, or on public transport and taxis, to meet their travels needs. After injury, participants’ needs to travel were often high because they had to attend regular medical and physiotherapy appointments. They also needed to be able to travel to reengage with social activiti...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 25, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Determinants of walking as an active travel mode in a Nigerian city
This study examined factors that influenced the choice of walking as an active travel mode in Ilesa, a major city in Osun State, Nigeria. By using a multistage sampling technique, 524 respondents were surveyed across the three main residential zones of the city: the high-density, the medium-density and the low-density zones. Among others, socioeconomic characteristics of residents such as age and income varied across the residential zones (F = 54.731, p < 0.001; F = 68.278, p < 0.001). It was found that the factors that greatly influence respondents’ decision to walk include its relative cheapness, the ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 20, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research