Traffic-related air pollution and solid organ transplant failure in Great Britain: A retrospective cohort study
ConclusionsOur analysis does not confirm previously reported associations between traffic-related air pollution exposure and the risk of transplant failure. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Leisure-time physical activity, objective urban neighborhood built environment, and overweight and obesity of Chinese school-age children
This study aims to investigate the associations between objective urban neighborhood built environment, leisure-time physical activity, and overweight and obesity of Chinese school-age children between 6 and 13 years old. This study conducted surveys at thirty-two public elementary schools, evenly chosen from four strata of residential building density and located in 16 urban districts of Shanghai, China. A total of 719 completed surveys were collected between May 2015 and April 2016. There were 447 records geocoded to their home address. Objective neighborhood built environmental attributes were measured in 200-m and 400-...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The healthy immigrant effect and active commuting
This study examines two hypotheses: foreign-born individuals have increased odds of active commuting compared to Canadian-born individuals – a ‘healthy immigrant effect’; and among the foreign-born, there is an inverse association between time since immigration and time spent active commuting – loss of this effect over time. Data was compiled from more than 59,000 individuals from the 2013–2014 cycle of the Canadian Community Health Survey and probability weighted to account for the survey sampling method. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to examine relationships. Four active c...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Human health risk assessment of major air pollutants at transport corridors of Delhi, India
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Amrit Kumar, Rajeev Kumar MishraAbstractThe present study undertake an assessment of human health risk regarding mortality and morbidity induced by multiple air pollutants prevailing at 36 transport corridors of the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi, India. The study, covering PM10, PM2.5, SO2 and NO2, utilized the Risk of Mortality/Morbidity due to Air Pollution (Ri-MAP) model in a bid to assess the direct health impacts in the year 2016. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines were used to calculate mortality...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The relationship of car driving and bicycle riding on physical activity and social participation in Japanese rural areas
This study focused on car driving and bicycle riding and aimed to examine the association of these transportation methods with physical activity and social participation in Japanese older adults. This cross-sectional study included 374 Japanese older adults living in a rural area. Physical activity was evaluated using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly. The data on transportation mode and 4 types of social participation were obtained from a self-reported questionnaire. An analysis of covariance and a multivariate Poisson regression analysis were conducted to evaluate associations. The sample comprised 304 particip...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A pedestrian experience framework to help identify impediments to walking by mobility-challenged pedestrians
Publication date: Available online 23 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Dong Yeong Jeong, Jiyoung Kwahk, Sung H. Han, Joohwan Park, Mingyu Lee, Hyeji JangAbstractThis paper presents a strategic framework that can help researchers collect and analyze experiences of mobility-challenged pedestrians (MCPs) effectively and comprehensively. The framework is necessary since previous studies have focused only on pragmatic quality of an environment for MCPs. Focusing on pragmatic quality may be insufficient to improve experience in walking environment of MCPs. The framework that covers both pragmatic and ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Parental perceived barriers to active commuting to school in Ecuadorian youth
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Francisco Javier Huertas-Delgado, Palma Chillón, Yaira Barranco-Ruiz, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Emilio Villa-González (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Is the ‘happy wanderer’ really happy? Transport and life satisfaction among older teenagers in rural New Zealand
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Aimee L. Ward, Claire Cameron, Rob McGee, Claire Freeman, Philip J. Gendall (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Exploring the association between urban sprawl and mental health
ConclusionsUrban sprawl levels have not been shown to be a significant risk factor for mental health problems, since the population living in more sprawling areas presents a lower score on psychological distress. According to our research, urban sprawl is linked to job status and, as fact, differences in risk of poor mental health at different sprawl levels could be a consequence of job status. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Can walking habits be encouraged through area-based regeneration and relocation? A longitudinal study of deprived communities in Glasgow, UK
Publication date: Available online 30 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Angela Curl, Ade Kearns, Laura Macdonald, Phil Mason, Anne EllawayAbstractThis paper examines changes to the walkability of the built environment and associated changes in walking behaviour following area regeneration or relocation in Glasgow, UK. The aim is to contribute to longitudinal evidence of links between the built environment and walking behaviour. Most studies to date have been cross-sectional and the evidence they provide that changing the built environment will lead to changes in walking behaviour is weak. Our stu...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Physical activity, but not active commuting to school, is associated with cardiorespiratory fitness levels in young people
In conclusion, our results show the relevance of the intensity of daily PA in understanding the associations between CRF and active commuting in adolescents. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Next to suffer: Population exposure risk to hazardous material transportation in Ghana
This study estimates population exposure risks associated with the transportation of hazardous materials using the Accra – Kumasi Highway (N6) in Ghana as a case corridor. Using the mixed methods approach which resulted in collecting both qualitative and quantitative data from transport operators and relevant agencies, the paper estimates that accident probabilities were observed to be high on relatively longer sections of the road (those over 50 km) as there are few speed control measures to check over speeding. It was also found that the risk of a single shipment of a hazardous material was 0.09144 inhabitants pe...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of fatality and associated factors of road traffic accidents among victims reported to Burayu town police stations, between 2010 and 2015, Ethiopia
ConclusionsFatalities of traffic accidents were steadily increased in the studies of five fiscal years. Ensuring fire sting usher for all vehicles as well one car fire fighter as the town, giving priority for other vehicle as recommended by law, ensuring drivers using seatbelt and availing first aid service immediately after the accident occurred appear to be the most critical parts of necessary interventions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of an incentive program to stimulate the shift from car commuting to e-cycling in the Netherlands
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Joost de Kruijf, Dick Ettema, Carlijn B.M. Kamphuis, Martin DijstAbstractThis paper reports on the effects of an e-cycling incentive program in the province of North-Brabant, The Netherlands, in which commuters could earn monetary incentives when using their e-bike. The study used a longitudinal design allowing to observe behaviour change and mode shifts. The program appeared to be highly effective in stimulating e-bike use, as one month after the start of the program, the share of commute trips made by e-bike increased from 0...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Are head injuries to cyclists an important cause of death in road travel fatalities?
ConclusionAnswering the question ‘How important are head injuries in cyclists as a cause of road travel death?’ depends on the metric used for assessing importance. Pedestrians and drivers account for five and four times the number of fatal head injuries as cyclists. The fatal head injury rate is highest for cyclists by time travelled and for pedestrians using distance travelled. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Reducing pedestrians' inhalation of traffic-related air pollution through route choices: Case study in California suburb
Publication date: Available online 5 July 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Ji Luo, Kanok Boriboonsomsin, Matthew BarthAbstractPedestrians often face risks of inhaling a high amount of traffic-related air pollution due to their proximity to the emission sources and increased breathing rates during walking. This paper presents an innovative way for pedestrians to mitigate such risks. Specifically, a method for incorporating the estimated inhaled mass of fine particles (PM2.5) into walking route calculations was developed, and the calculated low air pollution inhalation route was compared against the tr...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2343 - How Risky Are ADHD Teen Drivers? Analysis of ADHD Teen Drivers Using Naturalistic Driving Data
This study has collected driving data for 305,185 trips totaling over 35,000 hours of driving. Preliminary coding efforts identified 82 crashes and 114 near-crashes. Analyses indicated that the ADHD teens had higher rates of CNC than their non-ADHD peers (22.6 vs. 11.5; p
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2344 - Two Way Street – Public Health and Transportation Working Together on Active Transportation
The objective of this review was to better define various challenges and opportunities to strengthen public health and transportation collaboration, with a detailed focus on the perspectives of transportation professionals on perceived barriers to improving infrastructure towards better promoting active transportation. The review involved a scan of documents, stakeholder mapping, and in-depth semi-structured interviews with transportation professionals. The resulting themes identified key areas in which public health and transportation could support each other. Chief among these was defining public health's support - role ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2345 - Developing Conflict Analysis as a Surrogate Safety Measure Using an Expert Survey
ConclusionsCoupled with crash data, understanding the conflict patterns and their possible causes can help transportation agencies make strategic decisions about active transportation investments. Moreover, conflict measures can act as a sketch planning level performance measure to understand potential safety issues related to transportation facilities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2349 - Effects of Ambient Noise on Sleep in New York City
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): Tricia Teoh Carolyn OlsonHighest Scoring Abstract: Undergraduate/MastersBackgroundNoise can be harmful to health. One effect of noise is disrupted sleep and poorer daytime cognitive performance. New York City (NYC) adults were surveyed to examine the frequency and sources of ambient noise that cause sleep disturbance, physical (e.g., wearing earplugs) or medical (e.g., using sleep medications) measures taken to reduce noise exposure, and effect on concentration due to poor sleep.MethodsThe data were obtained from a 2017 aut...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2350 - Field Testing a Low-Cost Sensor for Long-Term Measurement of Traffic-Related PM2.5
ConclusionsPreliminary qualitative results suggest that the novel low-cost UNC sensor can be easily deployed at the community scale, with the potential to achieve broader engagement of the civil society and develop tools to enable our stakeholders to carry out health-based air quality assessments at relevant community scales. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2359 - Pareto Optimality for Assessing Multimodal Transportation Accessibility: Balancing Equity and Efficiency When Sitting Interventions
ConclusionsImproving spatial access to health facilities is important in reducing the prevalence of disease. Therefore, multimodal accessibility should be emphasized in future intervention placement research. The analysis of individual's travel time from distinct households to facility locations helps to address the inherent mismatch between current statistical methods that require detection of significant densities and the reality of individuals located on a street network or constrained by a particular transportation modality. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2366 - Perception of Bus Drivers on Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Kaduna, Nigeria
ConclusionsBus drivers have a high risk of acquiring Sexually Transmitted Diseases. It is therefore important that health officers be drafted to motor parks to create more awareness on what STD is all about and how to prevent it especially among the drivers as they play a major role in the transmission. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2368 - Ideas for Improving Health Impacts of Urban Transport in Vietnamese Cities
ConclusionsThe ongoing work in Vietnam shows strong indications that health-oriented design and use of transport systems has significant impacts on human health and can contribute to the fulfillment of other traffic and transport related goals at the same time. While the awareness of planners and users of transport systems to improve the own health or the health of others is still low, fieldwork indicated that small shifts in awareness, guidance or general transport planning practice can have very significant impacts. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2369 - Active Cities could be Good Business: An Economic Evaluation of a Complete Street Project in Santiago, Chile
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): Rodrigo Mora, Victor RoccoSince the nineties, many cities in developed countries, especially in North America and Australia, have initiated strategies aimed at tackling their acute obesity problem. Promoting more active lifestyles has become a central part of contemporary urban policies in American, Canadian, Australian, and, to a lesser extent, European cities.One of the strategies to achieve this goal has been to transform auto-centered streets into safe, inclusive and vibrant places. That strategy has been known as the C...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2373 - Traceability Mechanism in Perishable Food Transportation and Food Safety: Costs and Benefits
ConclusionsFrom our analysis and results, we recommend that the public and food industry stakeholders, in particular, should be educated on the cost-effectiveness of the modern traceability implementation method (RFID) over the traditional methods of food traceability. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2377 - What Contributes to High Rates of Active School Travel? Perspectives of Exemplar Schools in New Zealand
ConclusionsFindings suggest that in addition to developing safer active travel routes to schools, a thorough understanding of local culture and values, and school policies and priorities are needed. This will enable the design of a context-specific mix of interventions to increase active school travel. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2378 - Bikes in Schools and Biking to School: Can One Support the Other?
ConclusionsBikes in Schools creates a safe, social space for students and families to be active on bikes. In the short-term, Bikes in Schools results in students biking more; however, it does not appear to translate to increases in biking to school in most contexts – although longer-term changes may occur. The combination of safe routes to school, Bikes in Schools, and improving access to bikes at home, is worthy of further investigation as a multi-faceted intervention to increase biking to school. Acknowledgements: Bike On NZ Charitable Trust (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2379 - Optimal Commuting Conditions for Experienced Well-Being
ConclusionsOur study shows that enjoyment of commuting varies as a function of commute type and job characteristics of a commuter. These results offer first steps towards a better understanding of the psychological and socio-economic factors that may underlie the relationship between commuting and well-being. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2380 - Emissions from US-Mexico Border Crossings: Assessing Affected Populations in El Paso, Texas
ConclusionsThe study approach provides a systematic GIS-based approach for the screening of affected populations in a unique context (border crossings). The findings are relevant to address emissions exposure, health impacts, and environmental justice issues in border regions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2384 - Risk Factors for Pedestrian Injury on Tribal Lands
ConclusionsInvestigation into crashes the occurred locally on tribal lands and other rural locations provides insight to aid tribal communities as they prevent future traffic injuries. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2385 - Incorporating Community Voices on Infrastructure Barriers to a Spatial Analysis of Accessibility to Food Outlets: A Mixed-Method Approach
ConclusionsSeemingly innocuous factors for those who have cars—i.e., hilliness of the roads, absence of sidewalks, and road maintenance—can significantly hinder some residents from obtaining sufficient and nutritious food even if the distance to food and public transit services may suggest a higher degree of accessibility. Our study demonstrates a benefit in incorporating the voices of community members who are likely most vulnerable to the barriers in traveling to food, which will allow planners to better understand the needs to improve the infrastructure of transportation from health and equity perspectives. ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2386 - The Influence of Sleep Quality, Safety Culture and Cabin Ergonomics on Work-Related Stress and Burnout of Bus Drivers in Lahore
ConclusionsThis research concludes that less recognition and focus on health factors and safety culture at organization level are significantly contributing to increased stress and burnout levels of drivers. Specifically, factors such as fear of pay deduction in case of not meeting timelines, prolong sitting on overused buses with lot of vibrations, temperature rise due to engine heat and to drive in a dense noisy traffic during hot summer days are badly affecting health and driving performances of drivers in the city. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2387 - Persistent Patterns of Discriminatory Housing Policy and Inequity: A Spatial Analysis
ConclusionsThe overarching goal of this work was to quantify the extent to which historical decisions have affected inequality. This vastly improves on the anecdotal evidence to date, and we find that while redlining continues to affect some variables, that relationship is not clear for others. Understanding whether this negative relationship is systemic across US cities is an important step toward righting the wrongs of racial discrimination formalized by housing and lending institutions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2392 - Multimodal Accessibility and Maternal-Infant Health across the Urban Rural Continuum in Southwest Michigan
ConclusionsAccessibility maps at the census block level have been distributed to community stakeholders. Further analysis of rural health in trailer park communities is imperative. This study has implications for Kalamazoo County health, but also the health of other urban-rural counties across the country with similar vulnerable populations. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2395 - Are Bicyclists and Pedestrians Victims or Villains When Struck By a Vehicle?
ConclusionsThe overall coverage in media appears rather low; eight of the sampled states have media accounts for fewer than 2% of bicycle fatalities, and five states have media accounts for fewer than 3% of pedestrian fatalities. This infrequent coverage appears to indicate a lack of public engagement/concern regarding bicycle and pedestrian deaths. Future research will explore the impact of characterizing the victim as guilty/innocent on policies and infrastructure improvements. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2396 - Activity Space, Neighborhood Built Environment, and Physical Activity: A Pilot Study from a Rural Community in the Lao People's Democratic Republic
ConclusionsThis is one of the first studies examining the association among activity space, neighborhood built environment, and physical activity in a developing country. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2397 - Social (in)Equity in Access to Cycling Infrastructure: Examining the Distribution of Bike Lanes with Respect to Area-Level Sociodemographic Characteristics in 23 Large U.S. Cities
ConclusionsThese results provide empirical support for advocates’ claims of distributional inequalities in bike lane access, suggesting the importance of more closely considering social equity in the bicycle planning and advocacy process. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2402 - Investigation of Well-Being, Travel Behaviour, Built Environment and Lifestyle Preferences
ConclusionsThe study provides important behavioural insights with relevance for transportation and land use policymakers. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2414 - Head Injuries As a Cause of Road Travel Death in Cyclists, Pedestrians and Drivers
ConclusionsHead injuries in cyclists are often considered to be an important cause of road travel death, but this depends on the metric used for assessing importance. Pedestrians and drivers account for five and four times the number of fatal head injuries as cyclists. No-one is calling for pedestrians to wear helmets although the fatal head injury rates are similar for cyclists and pedestrians. The rate is higher for cyclists than pedestrians by time travelled and is higher for pedestrians than cyclists using distance travelled. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2422 - "Rur-Ban" Rail-Trail Business Impact: Case Study of the Mon River Trails System in West Virginia, USA
ConclusionsPractice Implications: Proper trail development requires collaborative public-private planning, creative funding, and incentives for economic development from the outset. More details about the benefits of the MRTS and implications, including policy and economic development suggestions, will be presented. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2436 - Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to Provide Technical Assistance on Safe Routes to School in Rural Communities in Florida
ConclusionsIncreasing the amount and availability of technical assistance to rural communities is an initiative that needs continual development. Continuing efforts, such as using the statewide GIS analysis to establish county-wide priorities are vital to establishing investment in active transportation for rural communities throughout the country. By creating a model to highlight the rural areas that require the most need, we can efficiently move forward offering aid and assistance. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2437 - Connecting Cycling to Transit: A Typology of Toronto Region Commuter Rail Passengers
ConclusionsEfforts to increase cycling to rail stations will necessitate encouraging recreational cyclists and the safety-conscious to ride for transportation purposes. Low-stress cycling networks surrounding the stations are critical in supporting these efforts, particularly for female riders. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2444 - Analysis of Bicycle Environment Using Instrumented Probe Bicycle
ConclusionsWe found that the probability of a fault event occurrence, was strongly related to the bicyclist's level of experience. The fact that inexperienced bicyclists had higher failure ratio implies that their levels of mobility and comfortability are lower. In addition, the quality of road surface had a significant impact on the speed as well as the comfortability index. The Ordered Probit Model showed that cycling comfortability was significantly affected by the average Y-axis acceleration and the mean absolute deviation of Z-axis velocity. Steering movements and Z-axis angular movements (yawing) also affected cyclin...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2445 - Multifaceted Transportation Performance Integrating Mobility, Safety, Air Quality, Physical Activity and Public Health
ConclusionThis study proposed an integrated approach and presented a case example using the observed data in Michigan. The method was useful researchers understanding transportation performances in a comprehensive manner integrating multifaceted measures. The approach is expected to help decision-makers in developing traffic management strategies by allowing analyses of traffic-related public health strategies based on traffic exposure measures. In order to examine the effects of alternative strategies, performance measures could be derived from activity-based travel demand models or simulations. Simulation-based assessmen...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2446 - Monitoring Daily Activities and Linking Physical Activity Levels Attributed to Transportation Mobility Choices
ConclusionThis study developed a mobile system that is able to collect daily activity, transportation choices, and the amount of physical activity. The data collected were analyzed to quantify the amount of physical activity by different transportation choice. This research is expected to help incorporate public health in evaluating transportation policies and alternatives by providing a method quantifying the amount of physical activities and associated health benefits. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2448 - Toward Zero Road Death Vision Assessment the Role Auto-Dependency, Public Health, and Active Transportation Modes: 2nd Highest Scoring Abstract: Early career/Post-doctoral
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that if additional progress is to be made in reducing traffic fatalities, emphasis needs to move beyond simply focusing on policies such as seat belt laws. This research provides an order of factors influencing road fatalities, this order can help American policy makers to provide a more efficient road map for progress towards zero road death target. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2457 - The Holistic Intersection Rating System (HIRS: A Novel Methodology to Measure Intersection Performance
ConclusionsPhysical and operational design of roadway intersections, and the rating of sufficiency of such designs, are both necessary and possible for the well-functioning and use of urban transport systems and their users irrespective of modality. Tools that are dynamic and accommodating of changing designs and community values and priorities are necessary. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2458 - Assessment of Advantages of Transit-oriented Developments over Traditional Auto-oriented Land Development: A Case Study
ConclusionsEstimating health gains, environmental improvements, and economic benefits of TOD implementation were possible using standard travel demand forecasting models. Mapping travel changes to health and other benefits is key to quantifying different benefits of TOD's. Normal variation and uncertainty precipitated by variations in policies, local environments and cultures may be accounted for by considering a range of scenarios. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2459 - Active Transport and Health: Is Employment Essential to Community Change in Developing Countries?
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): Lake SagarisThe links between health and physical activity and between physical activity and habitual travel by passive (cars) and active (principally walking and cycling) transport modes have been well explored. As a result, the potential of urban planning strategies that mobilize their potential for achieving significant health and environmental benefits is well established.In developing countries, however, travel patterns are already far more centred on walking, cycling and increasingly, motor cycles. In many cities, thi...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research