A Rare Case of Laryngopyocele with Airway Obstruction
Sun Yu Lam, Hin Yue LauJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):42-42 Laryngocele is a rare entity and can be defined as an abnormal cystic dilatation of saccule of the laryngeal ventricle with communication to the lumen of larynx. Laryngopyocele is a rare complication of laryngocele when it is infected. Patients may present with fever, neck swelling, shortness of breath, and hoarseness. Acute presentation can develop rapidly with alarming symptom, such as stridor, which signifies airway obstruction and warrants immediate treatment and airway protection. Computed tomography and endoscopy are useful in making the diag...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Sun Yu Lam Hin Yue Lau Source Type: research

Utility of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Brain Epilepsy Protocol in New-Onset Seizures: How is it Different in Developing Countries ?
Conclusions: MRI detects epileptogenic lesions in almost one half who presented with new-onset seizures and of these, more than third of them were detected using a “dedicated seizure protocol.” While almost 50% with seizures will have a cause identified on MRI, the sensitivity can be substantially improved by utilizing a dedicated seizure protocol. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Janardhana Ponnatapura Suresh Vemanna Sandeep Ballal Avisha Singla Source Type: research

Waardenburg Syndrome and Left Persistent Superior Vena Cava
We present a case of a young girl with WS who found to have a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) draining into the coronary sinus. The prevalence of PLSVC is increased in patients with chromosomal and genetic abnormalities. However, we are the first to report its presence in association with WS while discussing the challenges that may arise during central venous catheter placement in patients with PLSVC. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Driss Raissi Alexander Christie Kimberly Applegate Source Type: research

Chudley-McCullough Syndrome
Meltem Ozdemir, Alper DilliJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):45-45Chudley-McCullough syndrome (CMS), an autosomal recessive condition first reported by Chudley et al., in 1997, comprises profound sensorineural hearing loss and specific brain abnormalities. The hearing loss may be congenital or early onset. Brain abnormalities are striking, but despite these brain malformations, individuals with CMS do not present significant neurodevelopmental abnormalities. Recently, the cause of CMS has been shown to be the inactivating mutations in G protein signaling modulator 2. We aimed to present a 36-year-old male who h...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Meltem Ozdemir Alper Dilli Source Type: research

Upper Gastrointestinal Bleed Embolization with Onyx & #174;: The & #8220;Tattoo Effect & #8221;
Driss Raissi, Qian Yu, S Houssam MardiniJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):46-46 Endoscopic intervention is well validated for the control of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). In cases of refractory bleeding, transarterial embolization is a safe and effective alternative. Ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) commonly known as Onyx® is an inherently black liquid embolic approved for use in cerebrovascular arteriovenous malformations and is increasingly used as an embolic agent in multiple peripheral and visceral territories. Onyx® has a uniquely undesirable property of causing black color discoloration ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Driss Raissi Qian Yu S Houssam Mardini Source Type: research

Review of the Major and Minor Salivary Glands, Part 1: Anatomy, Infectious, and Inflammatory Processes
Alexander T Kessler, Alok A BhattJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):47-47 The major and minor salivary glands of the head and neck are important structures that contribute to many of the normal physiologic processes of the aerodigestive tract. The major salivary glands are routinely included within the field of view of standard neuroimaging, and although easily identifiable, salivary pathology is relatively rare and often easy to overlook. Knowledge of the normal and abnormal imaging appearance of the salivary glands is critical for forming useful differential diagnoses, as well as initiating proper clinical wo...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Alexander T Kessler Alok A Bhatt Source Type: research

Review of the Major and Minor Salivary Glands, Part 2: Neoplasms and Tumor-like Lesions
Alexander T Kessler, Alok A BhattJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):48-48 The salivary glands are small structures in the head and neck, but can give rise to a wide variety of benign and malignant pathology. When this occurs, patients may present with palpable swelling, although it is quite common that they are asymptomatic and a salivary gland mass was discovered as an incidental finding on imaging performed for another reason. It is, therefore, critical that radiologists pay careful attention to the salivary glands and have working knowledge of the key differentiating features of the most common neoplastic an...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Alexander T Kessler Alok A Bhatt Source Type: research

Bilateral Fracture of the Handle Malleus: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
Ilson Sepulveda, J Patricio Ulloa, Alfredo Santamaría, Francisco Rivas-RodriguezJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):49-49 Malleus fracture is a rare condition. Usually, the handle of the malleus is involved, and we do not find reports in the literature of this condition in the bilateral presentation. It is present as sudden conductive hearing loss commonly after digital manipulation of the external auditory canal. The diagnosis is based principally on clinical examination by otomicroscopy and audiometry. Cone-beam computed tomography emerging as a powerful tool in the field of otolaryngology, especially for...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ilson Sepulveda J Patricio Ulloa Alfredo Santamar & #237;a Francisco Rivas-Rodriguez Source Type: research

A Case of Mistaken Identity: Glutaric Aciduria Type I Masquerading as Postmeningitic Hydrocephalus
We report the characteristic neuroimaging features of a rare metabolic leukodystrophy in an 8-year-old boy, born of consanguineous parenthood. The child presented with macrocrania, regression of milestones, and dystonia. The patient was referred for magnetic resonance imaging with a clinical diagnosis of postmeningitic hydrocephalus. Imaging revealed ventriculomegaly, diffuse brain atrophy, bilaterally symmetric widened sylvian fissure with temporal lobe hypoplasia, periventricular white-matter hyperintensities, and atrophy with hyperintensity in bilateral basal ganglia was also seen. These imaging features were signatory ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Heena Rajani Shabnam Bhandari Grover Neha Antil Amit Katyan Source Type: research

Comparative Performances of Dipyridamole and Regadenoson to Detect Myocardial Ischemia using Cardiac Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride Single-Photon Emission Computerized Tomography
Conclusions: Reg and Dip showed equal performances for ischemic burden characterization using myocardial CZT SPECT. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Faycal Ben Bouallegue Catherine Nganoa Jonathan Vigne Denis Agostini Alain Manrique Source Type: research

Low Dose versus Standard Single Heartbeat Acquisition Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography
Conclusion: Comparative analysis shows that using a 640-slice CT with a 51 SD protocol, it is possible to reduce the mean radiation dose while maintaining good diagnostic image quality. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - November 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ernesto Di Cesare Alessandra Di Sibio Antonio Gennarelli Margherita Di Luzio Ines Casazza Alessandra Splendiani Annamaria Di Cesare Giovanni Luca Gravina Antonio Barile Carlo Masciocchi Source Type: research

Caliber-persistent labial artery: A report of a rarely recognized lip swelling
Malarkodi Thanthoni, P Rajeev, S SathasivasubramanianJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):41-41 Calibre-persistent labial artery (CPLA) is a commonly underdiagnosed vascular lesion of the lip. CPLA is an arterial branch that penetrates the submucosal tissue without loss of calibre. Clinical diagnosis is significant as misdiagnosis can lead to profuse haemorrhage following an excisional biopsy or surgical excision. Colour Doppler ultrasonography is a safe and non-invasive diagnostic tool to confirm the diagnosis. Here, we report a case of a 24-year-old man who complained of an asymptomatic pulsating non-progressiv...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - September 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Malarkodi Thanthoni P Rajeev S Sathasivasubramanian Source Type: research

Timely Identification of Pregnancy in Noncommunicating Horn of Unicornuate Uterus by Three-Dimensional Transvaginal Ultrasonography
Aarti Deenadayal Tolani, Kadambari , Anupama Deenadayal, Suhasini Donthi, Indira Rani Yellenki, Mamata DeenadayalJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):39-39 Pregnancy in the rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus is uncommon and needs to be diagnosed at early stages to avoid uterine rupture to avert the high morbidity and mortality. In this case report, we discussed the advantage of three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography (3D TV-USG) in assessing the early pregnancy in the noncommunicating rudimentary horn of uterus. A 23-year-old woman approached us for routine pregnancy scan. The location of 5-week preg...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - September 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Aarti Deenadayal Tolani Kadambari Anupama Deenadayal Suhasini Donthi Indira Rani Yellenki Mamata Deenadayal Source Type: research

Monitoring Iron Overload: Relationship between R2 & #42; Relaxometry of the Liver and Serum Ferritin under Different Therapies
Conclusions: Despite the good correlation between serum ferritin and R2* relaxometry in monitoring iron overload, treatment response may be misinterpreted when only serum ferritin is considered. Although ferritin is an acceptable and far cheaper tool for monitoring, MRI should be performed for confirmation, especially in case of unexpected ferritin changes, particularly under chelation therapy. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - September 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Michaela Plaikner Christian Kremser Heinz Zoller Werner Jaschke Benjamin Henninger Source Type: research

The Use of Imaging in Management of Patients with Low Back Pain
Dinesh Rao, Gaelyn Scuderi, Chris Scuderi, Reetu Grewal, Sukhwinder JS SandhuJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):30-30 Lower back pain (LBP) is one of the most common chief complaints encountered in primary care. Advanced imaging studies, including computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are frequently ordered in the setting of LBP. Structural abnormalities are commonly identified by CT and MRI in patients complaining of low back pain, however, these findings are also found in asymptomatic patients. In the past decade, multiple guidelines have been published to help providers identify ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - August 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Dinesh Rao Gaelyn Scuderi Chris Scuderi Reetu Grewal Sukhwinder JS Sandhu Source Type: research

Computed Tomography Evaluation of the Arterial Supply to Segment 4 of the Liver
Conclusion: Preoperative mapping of segment 4 hepatic arterial supply using CT angiography will act as a roadmap to surgeons as they attempt to carefully dissect and preserve this segments' arterial supply. Depending on the anatomical variation, surgical techniques will vary to ensure safety of segment 4 arterial supply. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - August 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Tharani Putta Reetu Amrita John Anu Eapen Anuradha Chandramohan Betty Simon Manbha L Rymbai Philip Joseph Source Type: research

Mucinous Neoplasm of the Appendix as a Mimic of Cystic Adnexal Pathology
We present a case where a mucinous neoplasm of the appendix acted as a mimic for tubular adnexal pathology on imaging. With the associated imaging findings on ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, we wish to raise awareness of mucinous tumors of the appendix when tubular right adnexal pathology is present both in the presence of pelvic or abdominal pain or when noted incidentally. Tubular pathology such as uncomplicated paraovarian cysts or hydrosalpinx is frequently treated conservatively with long-interval follow-up imaging or left to clinical follow-up. Thus, if incorrectly diagnosed as tubula...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - August 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Chris Hutchinson Jonathan Lyske Vimal Patel Gavin Low Source Type: research

Unusual Locations of Pancreatic Pseudocysts in Lumbar Triangle, Psoas Muscle and Intercostal Space, and Obturator Externus
We report the case of a 35-year-old alcoholic male patient who presented with abdominal pain followed by distension and swelling in the right lumbar region for 1 week. On computed tomography scan of the abdomen, acute-on-chronic pancreatitis with multiple pseudocysts in the right posterior pararenal space, extending through the right lumbar triangle in the right lateral abdominal wall, right posterior paraspinal muscles, right iliopsoas, right obturator externus, and medial aspect of the right upper thigh, beneath anterior abdominal wall in the upper abdomen and in the right lateral thoracic wall through the right 11th int...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - August 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Sanjay Mhalasakant Khaladkar Akshay Mahadev Waghmode Source Type: research

A Study on the Use of Radiation-Protective Apron among Interventionists in Radiology
Conclusion: A large fraction of interventionists reported that they had physical strain. It is suggestive for interventionists to wear correct fit and light-weight aprons with appropriate lead equivalence. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - August 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Roshan Samuel Livingstone Anna Varghese Shyamkumar N Keshava Source Type: research

The & #8220;Lightning bolt & #8221; Sign on Computed Tomography during Percutaneous Renal Mass Cryoablation
Qian Yu, Driss RaissiJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):35-35 Ice-ball fracture is a rare and often overlooked entity that may lead to intraprocedural hemorrhage after percutaneous cryoablation of renal masses. There is scant literature on ice-ball fractures associated with percutaneous renal cryoablation. Immediate recognition of the lightning bolt sign during intraprocedural computed tomography can help identify patients who may have developed this complication. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - August 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Qian Yu Driss Raissi Source Type: research

Clinical Significance of T2 & #42;gradient-recalled Echo/susceptibility-weighted Imaging Sequences in Evaluating Superficial Siderosis in the Setting of Intracerebral Tumors: Pilocytic Astrocytoma
Sankarsh N Jetty, Zain Badar, Douglas Drumsla, Rajiv ManglaJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):36-36 Superficial siderosis is the slow accumulation of hemosiderin on the pial surfaces of the brain and spinal cord. The most common cause of intracranial superficial siderosis is secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage. Rarely, superficial siderosis can also be caused by tumors. Superficial siderosis presents clinically as hearing loss and gait instability that progressively worsen. The diagnosis is primarily made by magnetic resonance imaging; however, susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) and T2* gradient echo (G...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - August 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Sankarsh N Jetty Zain Badar Douglas Drumsla Rajiv Mangla Source Type: research

Contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography Imaging of Splenic Artery Aneurysms and Pseudoaneurysms: A Single-center Experience
Conclusion: Based on this study, splenic artery aneurysms were associated with a variety of etiologies. The characteristics of the aneurysms such as size, location, and morphology vary with the associated disease conditions. These variations may have implications for the management. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - August 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Jacob Therakathu Hirenkumar Kamleshkumar Panwala Salil Bhargava Anu Eapen Shyamkumar Nidugala Keshava Deepu David Source Type: research

Adding Value to the Magnetic Resonance Examination in a Case of Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy
We report a case of brachial plexus birth palsy in an infant with the inability to move the left upper limb since birth. There was neither history of birth trauma nor any complications during delivery. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brachial plexus showed postganglionic injury with musculoskeletal abnormalities. The child underwent surgical repair of the plexus and is on physical rehabilitation. In this case report, we discuss the utility of a single MRI examination with an elaborate discussion on various MRI signs of brachial plexus injury including secondary musculoskeletal manifestations. The case reiterates the si...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - August 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ajay Prashanth Dsouza Sachin Tandon Munire Gundogan Abdalla Ali Abdalla Source Type: research

Tomosynthesis-guided core biopsy of the breast: Why and how to use it
Kyungmin Shin, Davis Teichgraeber, Sarah Martaindale, Gary J WhitmanJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):28-28 Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) has become an important tool in breast imaging. It decreases the call-back rate while increasing the cancer detection rate on screening mammography and is useful for diagnostic examination of noncalcified lesions and for the evaluation of patients presenting with clinical symptoms. Management challenges and dilemmas that are encountered with abnormalities detected on DBT and lacking a sonographic correlate can now be addressed with tomosynthesis-guided core biopsy. (Sou...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - July 31, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Kyungmin Shin Davis Teichgraeber Sarah Martaindale Gary J Whitman Source Type: research

Congenital pulmonary artery anomalies: A review and approach to classification
Leslie E Hirsig, Priya G Sharma, Nupur Verma, Dhanashree A RajderkarJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):29-29 Congenital pulmonary artery anomalies are infrequent but given improved prenatal diagnosis and care, and neonatal surgical advances, over the past two decades are not uncommonly encountered by cardiothoracic imagers. An understanding of their etiology, classifications, associated anomalies, and surgical management can be helpful to avoid under or overdiagnosis. Timely diagnosis assisted by familiarity with imaging findings across modalities and recognition of surgical findings allows for medical manageme...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - July 31, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Leslie E Hirsig Priya G Sharma Nupur Verma Dhanashree A Rajderkar Source Type: research

Linear atelectasis around the hilum on chest radiography: A novel sign of early lung cancer
Conclusion: Thick perihilar linear atelectasis is a new diagnostic roentgen sign that suggests subsegmental bronchial obstruction. In this patient subgroup, who are otherwise asymptomatic, a persistent linear atelectasis can be due to primary lung cancer. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - July 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Kerem Ozturk Esra Soylu Ugur Topal Source Type: research

Normalized subtraction of serial brain magnetic resonance images and fludeoxyglucose-Positron emission tomography images for tumor treatment monitoring: Case report and method description
Nghi C Nguyen, Medhat M OsmanJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):25-25 A 60-year-old Caucasian male with a long history of cigarette smoking was diagnosed with epidermal growth factor receptor-mutation negative lung adenocarcinoma. The single cerebral metastasis in the right frontal lobe was treated with stereotactic radiosurgery and systemic chemotherapies. Normalized subtraction (NS) method was used to evaluate the serial brain magnetic resonance (MR) and fludeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) findings retrospectively, and the potential benefit of concurrent NS of serial MR images (MRIs) and PE...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Nghi C Nguyen Medhat M Osman Source Type: research

Large vallecular masses; Differential diagnosis and imaging features
We present a series of five cases which includes two rare presentations: a case of low-grade cribriform adenocarcinoma of the base of tongue and a vallecular lipoma. The other three cases presented for differential diagnosis including benign vallecular cysts and two cases to show that malignant masses arising from neighboring anatomical sites such as tongue base or supraglottic larynx can exhibit significant vallecular component. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ashim Kumar Lahiri Krishna Kiran Somashekar Bernd Wittkop Christopher Ayshford Source Type: research

Assessment of the inferior petrosal sinus on T1-Weighted contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
Conclusions: Our analysis indicates that routine thin-slice contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MRI can provide sufficient anatomic detail to identify typical drainage pattern of the IPS in a majority of cases. In cases where routine drainage was not identified, spatial resolution was not sufficient to further delineate complex drainage anatomy. No correlation was observed between the TS/SS dominance and patency of the ipsilateral IPS. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - June 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Karthikram Raghuram Aditya Durgam Stephen Sartin Source Type: research

Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging manifestations of spinal monostotic fibrous dysplasia
Conclusions: The CT and MRI manifestations of spinal MFD have the following characteristics: expansile lesion, GGO, sclerotic rim, and no obvious soft-tissue mass. The combined use of CT and MRI examinations is necessary for patients with suspected spinal MFD. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - June 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Yu Zhang Chuanyu Zhang Shaohua Wang Hexiang Wang Yupeng Zhu Dapeng Hao Source Type: research

A rare cause of obstructive jaundice: Cecal herniation through the foramen of winslow
Ivan Welaratne, Afshin NasoodiJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):24-24 Internal abdominal hernias are rarely reported in the literature and have a very low rate of preoperative diagnosis. It is even rarer that they present with jaundice. A 59-year-old Caucasian female presented with a short history of jaundice, dark urine, epigastric pain, vomiting, and obstipation. Her liver biochemistry profile revealed a mixed cholestatic/hepatocellular pattern with significantly elevated bilirubin. She urgently underwent abdominal imaging which provided a preoperative diagnosis of internal herniation of the cecum within the...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - June 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ivan Welaratne Afshin Nasoodi Source Type: research

Benign Sclerosing and Fibrosing Conditions of the Abdomen and Their Potential Mimics
Joseph H Mullineux, Catalin V Ivan, Jay Pancholi, Ratan Verma, Arumugam Rajesh, Sadhna Verma, James A StephensonJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):21-21 The process of abnormal reparative or reactive processes in the abdominal cavity, can lead to sclerosis and fibrous deposition. The relatively recent discovery of an IgG4 subgroup of immune mediated sclerosing disease 1,2 has thrown some light on the pathophysiology of these conditions. Firstly, our pictorial review aims to describe imaging findings to enhance the general radiologist's recognition and interpretation of this varied group of benign sclerotic ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - May 31, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Joseph H Mullineux Catalin V Ivan Jay Pancholi Ratan Verma Arumugam Rajesh Sadhna Verma James A Stephenson Source Type: research

Osteolipoma in the Forearm
Natalie Siu Kwan Ip, Hon Wai Lau, Wai Yu Wong, Ming Keung YuenJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):20-20 A case of left distal forearm and wrist osteolipoma in a 56 year old female is reported. The patient presented with a 3 year history of nontender left wrist mass. Radiographs demonstrated a lobulated mass of mixed low density and calcifications, not adjacent to and with no connection to underlying bone. Ultrasound showed a spheroid hyperechoic lesion with internal heterogeneity and rim of calcifications. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lesion with predominantly fat characteristics on T1 weighted and T2 w...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Natalie Siu Kwan Ip Hon Wai Lau Wai Yu Wong Ming Keung Yuen Source Type: research

Role of noninvasive imaging of cerebral arterial system in ischemic stroke: Comparison of transcranial color-coded doppler sonography with magnetic resonance angiography
Conclusion: Intracranial atherosclerosis was found to be the predominant distribution of cerebral atherosclerosis. TCCS is a safe method for evaluation of proximal basal cerebral arteries in the intracranial circulation with relatively better sensitivity in the anterior circulation. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - April 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Betty Simon Sunithi Elizabeth Mani Shyamkumar Nidugala Keshava Mathew Alexander Sanjith Aaron Source Type: research

Calcified Triticeous Cartilage Detected on Digital Panoramic Radiographs in a Sample of Lebanese Population
Conclusion: CTC can be detected on panoramic radiographs taken in daily dental practice; its identification is essential to avoid misdiagnosis with other calcifications in the neck region closely related to life-threatening risks such as CAC. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - April 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Georges Aoun Ibrahim Nasseh Source Type: research

Herniation of Packing Material into a Bronchopleural Fistula after Right Pneumonectomy and Clagett Window
Iclal Ocak, Gideon Bollino, Diane StrolloJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):17-17 Diagnosis of a bronchopleural fistula (BPF) can be challenging in patients after pneumonectomy and Clagett window. Herein, we present a case of pneumonectomy for advanced lung cancer complicated by a BPF. Herniation of packing material from the open-chest cavity into the fistula and airways on computed tomography was an important clue to making the diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - April 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Iclal Ocak Gideon Bollino Diane Strollo Source Type: research

Renal Granulomatosis Post Intravesical Bacillus Calmette & #8211;Guerin Therapy for Non-muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer
We present a rare case of a 49-year-old male that presented with fever and chills after 3 weeks of intravesical BCG therapy post transurethral resection of bladder tumor. New renal lesions were present on contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan which was histologically proven to be necrotizing renal granulomatosis. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - April 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Karen Tran-Harding Rashmi T Nair Halemane Ganesh Source Type: research

Cross-sectional imaging of parotid gland nodules: A brief practical guide
Giuseppe Cicero, Tommaso D'angelo, Sergio Racchiusa, Ignazio Salamone, Carmela Visalli, Antonio Bottari, Alfredo Blandino, Silvio MazziottiJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):14-14 Clinical evaluation and ultrasound examination are the first steps in the evaluation of a patient with a swelling of the parotid region. After the detection of a nodular lesion, cytological or histological confirmation is usually performed to achieve the diagnosis, while the choice of cross-sectional imaging (computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging) may significantly vary from one physician to another, on the basis...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - April 16, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Giuseppe Cicero Tommaso D & #39;angelo Sergio Racchiusa Ignazio Salamone Carmela Visalli Antonio Bottari Alfredo Blandino Silvio Mazziotti Source Type: research

Evaluation of quantitative and qualitative renal outcome following nephron sparing surgery
Conclusion: Renal parenchymal loss and duration of ischemia have impact on the follow-up renal function. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - April 16, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Gautam Ram Choudhary Arup Kumar Mandal Uttam Mete Ravimohan Mavuduru Anish Bhatacharia Anupam Lal Suresh Goyal Source Type: research

A factor increasing venous contamination on bolus chase three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging: Charcot neuroarthropathy
Conclusion: Venous contamination following bolus chase MR was higher in patients with CN. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - April 5, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Mehmet B Cildag Mustafa B Ertu & #287;rul & #214;mer FK K & #246;seo & #287;lu David G Armstrong Source Type: research

Laboratory Tests, Liver Vessels Color Doppler Sonography, and FibroScan Findings in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: An Observation Study
Conclusion: We found that the severity of fatty liver is correlated with hepatic and portal veins damages; however, the degree of parenchymal fibrosis was independent to these indices and can be directly evaluated by FGFL. In addition, elevated liver enzymes and CRP correlated with the degree of fibrosis. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - April 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ahmad Alizadeh Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei Ava Roozdar Farahnaz Joukar Masood Sepehrimanesh Seyedeh Amineh Hojati Alireza Mansour-Ghanaei Source Type: research

Incremental Value of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Further Characterizing Hypodense Mediastinal and Paracardiac Lesions Identified on Computed Tomography
Abhishek Chaturvedi, Chris Gange, Hakan Sahin, Apeksha ChaturvediJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):10-10 Mediastinal and paracardiac lesions are usually first diagnosed on a chest radiograph or echocardiogram. Often, a computed tomography is obtained to further delineate these lesions. CT may be suboptimal for evaluation of enhancement characteristics and direct extension into the adjacent mediastinal structures. With its intrinsic superior soft-tissue characterization, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can better delineate these lesions, their internal tissue characteristics, and identify adhesion/invasion int...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - March 12, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Abhishek Chaturvedi Chris Gange Hakan Sahin Apeksha Chaturvedi Source Type: research

Evaluation of Orthopedic Metal Artifact Reduction Application in Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Reconstruction of Spinal Instrumentation: A Single Saudi Center Experience
Conclusion: OMAR can effectively reduce metallic artifacts in patients with spinal instrumentation with highly diagnostic 3DCT reconstruction images. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - March 12, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Amir Monir Ali Source Type: research

Computed tomography-guided pulmonary nodule microcoil localization technique, misplacement errors, and complications: A pictorial essay
Sultan R AlharbiJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):8-8 Computed tomography-guided pulmonary nodule microcoil localization is done preoperatively to fluoroscopic-guided video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical resection. This pictorial essay explains and illustrates the microcoil localization technique, various microcoil placement errors, intraoperative fluoroscopy-guided resection, and postmicrocoil localization complications. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - March 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Sultan R Alharbi Source Type: research

Radiation reduction in low dose pulsed fluoroscopy versus standard dose continuous fluoroscopy during fluoroscopically-guided lumbar punctures: A prospective controlled study
Conclusion: Low dose pulsed fluoroscopy of 3 fps significantly reduces radiation exposure by about 600% compared with standard dose continuous fluoroscopy in FGLP. Utilizing this radiation saving strategy will allow to dramatically reduce radiation exposure, without impacting the technical success rate. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - March 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Shyam Sabat Einat Slonimsky Source Type: research

Role of acoustic radiation force impulse elastography in the characterization of focal solid hepatic lesions
Conclusion: ARFI elastography with 2D imaging and quantification might be useful in the characterization of benign and malignant liver lesions. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - February 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Harshavardhan Nagolu Sudhakar Kattoju Chidambaranathan Natesan Meera Krishnakumar Sunil Kumar Source Type: research

Diagnosis and management of piriformis syndrome: a rare anatomic variant analyzed by magnetic resonance imaging
Tae Hoon Ro, Lance EdmondsJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):6-6Piriformis syndrome is an uncommon condition that causes significant pain in the posterior lower buttocks and leg due to entrapment of the sciatic nerve at the level of the piriformis muscle. In the typical anatomical presentation, the sciatic nerve exits directly ventral and inferior to the piriformis muscle and continues down the posterior leg. Several causes that have been linked to this condition include trauma, differences in leg length, hip arthroplasty, inflammation, neoplastic mass effect, and anatomic variations. A female presented with lef...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - February 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Tae Hoon Ro Lance Edmonds Source Type: research

Necrotizing fasciitis of thoracic and abdominal wall with emphysematous pyelonephritis and retroperitoneal abscess
We report a case of a 53-year-old female, a known case of Type II diabetes mellitus, who presented with necrotizing fasciitis of thoracic and abdominal wall with emphysematous pyelonephritis in the left kidney with a retroperitoneal abscess. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - February 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Sanjay Mhalasakant Khaladkar Kunaal Mahesh Jain Rajesh Kuber Sidappa Gandage Source Type: research

Plexiform Neurofibroma in the Axilla with Intraosseous Neurofibroma in the Humerus in Neurofibromatosis 5
We report a case of plexiform neurofibroma in the left axilla of a 17-year-old female with associated intraosseous neurofibroma in adjoining left humerus. (Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science)
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - January 30, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Sanjay Mhalasakant Khaladkar Surbhi Chauhan Raghav Kalra Shishir Chauhan Source Type: research

Pancreaticoportal Fistula Formation as a Consequence of Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis: Clinical and Imaging Considerations
In this report, we present a patient with a PPVF in the setting of recurrent pancreatitis and portal vein thrombosis diagnosed by cross-sectional imaging and endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography, who responded to medical management and anticoagulation. A critical review of this disease process is explored to highlight pathology, imaging characteristics, and essential alternative diagnostic considerations. We also discuss potential complications and current treatment strategies. PPVFs pose a unique diagnostic challenge and awareness of its clinical presentation can further improve patient outcomes. (Source: Journ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - January 30, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Mina S Makary Edward L Gayou Douglas Kyrouac Zarine K Shah Source Type: research