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Is very low infant birth weight a predictor for a five-year course of depression in parents? A latent growth curve model
A very low birth weight (VLBW) is considered as a significant risk factor for early-onset developmental problems in infants, but is also discussed as a potential risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms in affected parents. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 13, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Claus Barkmann, Nadine Helle, Carola Bindt Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Aripiprazole Use During Pregnancy, Peripartum and Lactation. A Systematic Literature Search and Review to Inform Clinical Practice
Aripiprazole is used relatively frequently in women with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia in childbearing years, owing to its efficacy and relatively favorable side effect profile. As is the case for other psychotropic medications, for ethical reasons, no prospective randomized placebo controlled trial to assess aripiprazole safety during pregnancy has ever been conducted. However, animal data are available and the amount of exposure and outcome data for human fetuses and infants has recently increased, providing published prospective safety data in relatively large numbers of pregnant women treated with aripiprazole. (So...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 13, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: A. Cuomo, A. Goracci, A. Fagiolini Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Neurobiology of the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in GAD: Aberrant Neurometabolic Correlation to Hippocampus and Relationship to Anxiety Sensitivity and IQ
The neurometabolism underlying the cognitive and affective symptoms associated with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) remain poorly understood. After we have linked worry to intelligence in patients with GAD, we hypothesized that aberrant neurometabolic correlations between hippocampus and neocortical regions may underlie a shared substrate in GAD patients for both anxiety sensitivity and intelligence. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 12, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Jeremy D. Coplan, Ryan Webler, Srinath Gopinath, Chadi G Abdallah, Sanjay J. Mathew Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Is there consensus across international evidence-based guidelines for the psychotropic drug management of bipolar disorder during the perinatal period?
Clinicians treating a patient with bipolar disorder who is pregnant or breastfeeding may seek advice from bipolar management guidelines that provide recommendations for perinatal treatment. We examine the consistency of such recommendations across several evidence-based guidelines. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 12, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Rebecca K. Graham, Gabriela Tavella, Gordon B. Parker Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Exploring the emotional dynamics of subclinically depressed individuals with and without anhedonia: an experience sampling study
Anhedonia has been linked to worse prognosis of depression. The present study aimed to construct personalized models to elucidate the emotional dynamics of subclinically depressed individuals with versus without symptoms of anhedonia. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 11, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: F.M. Bos, F.J. Blaauw, E. Snippe, L. Van der Krieke, P. De Jonge, M. Wichers Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Genome-Wide QTL analysis for anxiety trait in bipolar disorder type I
Genetic studies have been consistent that bipolar disorder type I (BPI) runs in families and that this familial aggregation is strongly influenced by genes. In a preliminary study, we proved that anxiety trait meets endophenotype criteria for BPI. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 11, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: J. Contreras, E. Hare, G. Chavarr ía-Soley, H. Raventós Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

The state of knowledge about the relationship between 5-HTTLPR, stress, and depression
Not applicable for a letter to the editor (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 11, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Robert C. Culverhouse, Nancy L. Saccone, Laura J. Bierut Source Type: research

Effect of the 2015 Nepal Earthquakes on symptoms of common mental disorders among women who are pregnant
Antenatal mental health problems are of concern globally not only because of the burden and limits to participation experienced by women but also because of risks for foetal neurocognitive development and adverse birth outcomes. The aim was to describe the indicative prevalence of and risk and protective factors for clinically-significant symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders (CMDs) among women who experienced the 2015 Nepal earthquakes during pregnancy. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 9, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Goma Kumari Khatri, Thach Duc Tran, Sushil Baral, Jane Fisher Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Effect of maternal postpartum depression on offspring's growth
Previous studies have linked maternal depression to different child offspring's growth outcomes. However, its effect has not been well established. The aim of this review was to evaluate the available evidence on the effect of maternal postpartum depression on offspring weight and height growth outcomes. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 8, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Simone Far ías-Antúnez, Mariana Otero Xavier, Iná Silva Santos Tags: Review article Source Type: research

‘Taking back the reins’ – A qualitative study of the meaning and experience of self-management in bipolar disorder
Self-management (SM) is increasingly emphasised as a key aspect of bipolar disorder (BD) treatment. However, little is known about the subjective experience of SM, which might have both positive and negative impacts. The present study aimed to advance this literature through qualitative investigation of the experiences of people with BD who participated in an SM intervention targeting quality of life (QoL). (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 8, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Emma Morton, Erin E. Michalak, Rachelle Hole, Simone Buzwell, Greg Murray Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Disrupted functional connectivity of the amygdala is associated with depressive mood in type 2 diabetes patients
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and mood disorders share pathophysiological commonalities in the central nervous system. The purpose of this study was to investigate the alterations in amygdala-based emotional processing circuits in T2DM patients with depressive mood using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Wenqing Xia, Yong Luo, Yu-Chen Chen, Danfeng Zhang, Fan Bo, Peihua Zhou, Huiyou Chen, Fang Wang, Xindao Yin, Jianhua Ma Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Cytokine Alterations in Panic Disorder: A Systematic Review
Panic disorder (PD) occurs in 3.4 – 4.7% of the general population. Although accumulating evidence suggests that some inflammatory processes play a role in the pathophysiology of mental disorders, very few studies have evaluated cytokine levels in patients with PD. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the char acteristic cytokine profile of PD patients and discuss some possibilities for future trials on this common and disabling disorder. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Laiana Azevedo Quagliato, Antonio E. Nardi Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Specificity in mediated pathways by anxiety symptoms linking adolescent stress profiles to depressive symptoms conditioned on resilience: Results of a moderated mediation approach
This study goes beyond lumping together potential mediating and moderating processes that can explain the relations between stress and (symptoms of) psychopathology and the buffering effect of resilience. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Frederick Anyan, Boris Bizumic, Odin Hjemdal Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

HTR1A/1B DNA methylation may predict escitalopram treatment response in depressed Chinese Han patients
The serotonin receptor 1A and 1B (HTR1A/1B) gene have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) and the antidepressant treatment response. Gene expression differences were partly mediated by genetic polymorphism and DNA methylation which might be affected by environmental factors. In the present study, we attempt to identify whether HTR1A/1B DNA methylation and genetic polymorphism could predict antidepressant treatment response. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Peipei Wang, Qinyu Lv, Yemeng Mao, Cuizhen Zhang, Chenxi Bao, Hong Sun, Hanmei Chen, Zhenghui Yi, Weimin Cai Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Temporal distribution of suicide mortality: a systematic review
suicide is a problem with world impact and the leading cause of premature deaths. The study of its distribution over time can bring a changed understanding of parameters attributed to, and the prevention of, suicide. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Pauliana Val éria Machado Galvão, Hugo Rafael Souza e Silva, Cosme Marcelo Furtado Passos da Silva Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Neurocognitive functioning in first-episode Bipolar Disorder: relationship with functional status
The aim of this study was to assess if an association between neurocognitive deficits and psychosocial functioning exists in first-episode BD patients. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Alejandro G Szmulewicz, Marina P Valerio, Julieta Lomastro, Jos é M Smith, Virginia Chiappe, Diego J. Martino, Ana Igoa Source Type: research

Predictors of hospitalization length of stay among re-admitted treatment-resistant bipolar disorder inpatients
Hospitalization accounts for significant health care resource utilization for treatment-resistant Bipolar Disorder (BD), especially among frequent users of acute inpatient psychiatric units. Appraisal of the clinical features and predictive role of selected variables is therefore crucial in such population, representing the aim of the present research. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: M. Fornaro, F. Iasevoli, S. Novello, A. Fusco, A. Anastasia, D. De Berardis, A. Valchera, A. de Bartolomeis Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Incidence, recurrence and comorbidity of anxiety disorders in four major developmental stages
Anxiety disorders are common in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and frequently comorbid with other mental disorders. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Cecilia A. Essau, Peter M. Lewinsohn, Jie Xin Lim, Ringo Ho Moon-Ho, Paul Rohde Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Impact of childhood adversities on depression in early adulthood: A longitudinal cohort study of 478,141 individuals in Sweden” [J. Affect. Disord. 223 (2017) 95–100]
The authors regret to report a corrigendum to this article. In table 2, the numbers reported for women and men with 4+ adversities and a clinical diagnosis are incorrect. It should be the following: (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Emma Bj örkenstam, Bo Vinnerljung, Anders Hjern Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Mapping Network Connectivity among Symptoms of Social Anxiety and Comorbid Depression in People with Social Anxiety Disorder
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and depressive symptoms often covary. Yet, uncertainty still abounds vis- à-vis the individual symptom-to-symptom associations between these two disorders. Inspired by the network approach to psychopathology that conceptualizes comorbidity as a natural consequence arising from bridge symptoms that can transmit activation from one disorder to the other, we applied network analytic methods to characterize the associations among core symptoms of SAD—i.e. fear and avoidance of social situations—and comorbid depressive symptoms among 174 individuals with DSM-IV-TR criteria for SA...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 6, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Alexandre Heeren, Payton J. Jones, Richard J. McNally Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Psychological distress and risk for suicidal behavior among university students in contemporary China
Psychological distress and suicidal behavior are important mental health problems among university students and warrant research to inform strategies for effective prevention in this young population. The present study aimed to assess psychological distress and suicidal behavior and to unravel their associations among university students. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 6, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Fang Tang, Majella Byrne, Ping Qin Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the well-being index (who-5) spanish version in a sample of euthymic patients with bipolar disorder
The concept of well-being which focuses on positive emotions has received increased research attention. However, a consensus definition of this term is lacking. The Well-Being Index scale (WHO-5) is a generic, self-report scale that contains five Likert-type items to evaluate psychological well-being. This construct may provide a relevant outcome in bipolar disorder (BD) research and care beyond the rating of mood symptoms. Thus, in the current study, the psychometric properties of the WHO-5 Spanish version were assessed in a sample of euthymic patients with BD. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 6, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: C.M. Bonn ín, L.N. Yatham, E.E. Michalak, A. Martínez-Arán, T. Dhanoa, I. Torres, C. Santos-Pascual, E. Valls, A.F. Carvalho, J. Sánchez-Moreno, M. Valentí, I. Grande, D. Hidalgo-Mazzei, E. Vieta, M. Reinares Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Pathways to depression by age 16 years: examining trajectories for self-reported psychological and somatic phenotypes across adolescence
Sex differences in rates of depression emerge during adolescence. However, it is unclear whether symptom patterns and trajectories differ significantly according to gender in youth. Barriers to research include the fact that most self-report tools are weighted towards psychological rather than somatic symptoms. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 6, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Scott Jan, Tracey A. Davenport, Richard Parker, Daniel F. Hermens, Penelope A. Lind, Sarah E. Medland, Margaret J. Wright, Nicholas G. Martin, Nathan A. Gillespie, Ian B. Hickie Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Association of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes with depression in the US adults
The aim of present study was to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes from diet and supplements with depression. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - December 5, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Zongyao Li, Weijing Wang, Xueling Xin, Xingxing Song, Dongfeng Zhang Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Developing and validating a perinatal depression screening tool in Kenya blending Western criteria with local idioms: A mixed methods study
Background: Routine screening for perinatal depression is not common in most primary health care settings. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force only recently updated their recommendation on depression screening to specifically recommend screening during the pre- and postpartum periods. While practitioners in high-income countries can respond to this new recommendation by implementing one of several existing depression screening tools developed in Western contexts, such as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) or the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), these tools lack strong evidence of cross-cultural equi...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 30, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Eric P. Green, Hawa Tuli, Edith Kwobah, Menya D., Irene Chesire, Christina Schmidt Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

The impact of psychosis on brain anatomy in bipolar disorder: a structural MRI study
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a major psychiatric illness characterized by heterogeneous symptoms including psychotic features. Up until now, neuroimaging studies investigating cerebral morphology in patients with BD have underestimated the potential impact of psychosis on brain anatomy in BD patients. In this regard, psychotic and non-psychotic BD may represent biologically different subtypes of the disorder, being possibly associated with specific cerebral features. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 29, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: A. Carlo Altamura, Eleonora Maggioni, Taj Dhanoa, Valentina Ciappolino, Riccardo A. Paoli, Laura Cremaschi, Cecilia Prunas, Giulia Orsenigo, Elisabetta Caletti, Claudia M. Cinnante, Fabio M. Triulzi, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Lakshmi Yatham, Paolo Brambilla Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in Screening Stroke Patients for Symptoms: Item Response Theory (IRT) Analysis
This study examined the properties of each item of HADS as perceived by stroke patients, and assessed the information these items convey about anxiety and depression between 3 months to 5 years after stroke. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Salma A Ayis, Luis Ayerbe, Mark Ashworth, Charles DA Wolfe Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Risk factors for recurrence in depression in the Lundby population, 1947 –1997
Depression is a common disorder in both men and women, and the recurrence rate is high. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for recurrence in depression in the Lundby Study. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Linn éa Nöbbelin, Mats Bogren, Cecilia Mattisson, Louise Brådvik Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

A study of the real-world effectiveness of group psychoeducation for bipolar disorders: is change in illness perception a key mediator of benefit?
Findings from efficacy trials of group psychoeducation (PE) for bipolar disorders (BD) led to its inclusion in evidence-based guidelines as a first-line mandatory treatment. However, pragmatic trials and observational studies are needed to determine its real-world effectiveness, impact on outcomes deemed important to patients and to clarify potential mediators of any benefits. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 21, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: B Etain, J Scott, B Cochet, F Bellivier, C Boudebesse, N Drancourt, S Lauer, I Dusser, L Yon, D Fouques, JR Richard, M Lajnef, M Leboyer, C Henry Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Enlarged Perivascular Spaces in The Centrum Semiovale Are Associated with Poststroke Depression: A 3-month Prospective Study
This study explored the relationship between EPVS and poststroke depression (PSD). (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 21, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Yan Liang, Yuen Lai Chan, Min Deng, Yang Kun Chen, Vincent Mok, De Feng Wang, Gabor S. Ungvari, Chiu-wing Winnie Chu, Wai Kwong Tang Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Parental Bonding and Adolescents ’ Depressive and Anxious Symptoms in Pakistan
A quantitative cross sectional study was carried out to investigate the role of parental bonding in relation to depressive and anxious symptoms among secondary school adolescents in Pakistan. The study also aimed to investigate the construct validity of the parental bonding inventory in the cultural context of Pakistan. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Amna Khalid, Farah Qadir, Stella W.Y. Chan, Matthias Schwannauer Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

A pilot resting-state functional connectivity study of the kynurenine pathway in adolescents with depression and healthy controls
The neuroimmunological kynurenine pathway (KP) has been hypothesized to play a role in depressive/anhedonic symptoms and related CNS disturbances. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is the rate limiting enzyme which leads to neurotrophic [kynurenic acid (KA)] and neurotoxic [Quinolinic acid (QUIN)] branches. In this pilot, we sought to examine associations between blood KP neuro-toxic/trophic measures and anhedonia/depression associated network in youth with major depression (MDD) and healthy controls (HC). (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Samuel J. DeWitt, Kailyn A. Bradley, Na Lin, Chunli Yu, Vilma Gabbay Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Emotion recognition from faces with in- and out-group features in patients with depression
Previous research has shown that context (e.g. culture) can have an impact on speed and accuracy when identifying facial expressions of emotion. Patients with a major depressive disorder (MDD) are known to have deficits in the identification of facial expressions, tending to give rather stereotypical judgments. While healthy individuals perceive situations which conflict with their own cultural values more negatively, this pattern would be even stronger in MDD patients, as their altered mood results in stronger biases. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Carla Liedtke, Waldemar Kohl, Mariska Esther Kret, Katja Koelkebeck Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Aggression, impulsivity, and their predictive value on medical lethality of suicide attempts: A follow-up study on hospitalized patient
This study examined the role of aggressive-impulsive variants, and suicide history in predicting the medical severity of follow-up suicide attempts. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Yari Gvion Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Light up ADHD: I. Cortical hemodynamic responses measured by functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in cognitive and emotional self-control. Optical technique acquisitions, such as near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), seem to be very promising during developmental ages, as they are non- invasive techniques and less influenced by body movements than other neuroimaging methods. Recently, these new techniques are being widely used to measure neural correlates underlying neuropsychological deficits in children with ADHD. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Maddalena Mauri, Maria Nobile, Monica Bellina, Alessandro Crippa, Paolo Brambilla Tags: Mini review Source Type: research

A Meta-Analysis of the Prevalence of Different Functions of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury
A broad variety of different functions can underlie acts of Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Whilst research so far has identified many of the commonly reported functions, no reliable estimates of prevalence currently exist for these different NSSI functions. Understanding the prevalence of NSSI functions represents a key to better understanding the phenomenology of NSSI and addressing the differing needs of the NSSI population. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of NSSI functions in community and clinical samples. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Peter. J. Taylor, Khowla Jomar, Katie Dhingra, Rebecca Forrester, Ujala Shahmalak, Joanne M. Dickson Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Modifying a negative interpretation bias for ambiguous social scenarios that depict the risk of rejection in women with anorexia nervosa
A heightened sensitivity to social rejection might contribute towards the interpersonal difficulties and symptoms that characterise Anorexia Nervosa (AN). This paper examines the effect of Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretation biases (CBM-I) training on a negative interpretation bias for ambiguous social scenarios that involve the risk of rejection and eating behaviour. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Robert Turton, Valentina Cardi, Janet Treasure, Colette R. Hirsch Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Factors associated with postpartum depression in women from low socioeconomic level in Argentina: A hierarchical model approach
to estimate the prevalence of depression at 4-week postpartum using the Edinburgh postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) in women who delivered in a public maternity hospital in Argentina. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Diana Pham, Gabriela Cormick, Melissa M. Amyx, Luz Gibbons, Meitra Doty, Asia Brown, Angel Norwood, Federico M. Daray, Fernando Althabe, Jos é M. Belizán Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Changes in miRNA-132 and miR-124 levels in non-treated and citalopram-treated patients with depression
Neurotrophins including brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) are implicated in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD). Yet, the roles of brain-specific BDNF-related miRNAs miR-132 and miR-124 are unclear. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Yuan Fang, Qi Qiu, Shengyu Zhang, Lin Sun, Guanjun Li, Shifu Xiao, Xia Li Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Gender similarities in somatic depression and DSM depression secondary symptom profiles in the context of severity and bereavement
Most population studies report higher rates of depression among women than men, and some researchers have observed gender differences in depression symptoms overall, or in sub-groupings (e.g. somatic depression). However, gender symptom differences have been inconsistent, prompting this investigation of gender differences in secondary DSM symptom profiles in the context of bereavement status, age, and depression severity. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Angus H. Thompson, Roger C. Bland Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Individual Depressive Symptoms and All-Cause Mortality In 6,673 Patients With Myocardial Infarction: Heterogeneity Across Age and Sex Subgroups
This study compared the prognostic value of individual depressive symptoms across age and sex subgroups in post-MI patients. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 16, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ricardo de Miranda Azevedo, Annelieke M. Roest, Robert M. Carney, Kenneth E. Freedland, Deirdre A. Lane, Kapil Parakh, Peter de Jonge, Johan Denollet Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Retinal changes in patients with major depressive disorder - a controlled optical coherence tomography study
Recent studies on the pathophysiology of major depression (MD) indicate that degenerative and inflammatory processes may play a role. This finding is supported by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based meta-analyses that show volume reductions in circumscribed areas of the brain in patients with MD. Using optical coherence tomography (OCT), retinal changes have been demonstrated in neurodegenerative disorders. In light of this inflammatory/degenerative hypothesis, we tested whether patients with MD exhibit retinal alterations that might correlate with the severity and duration of the disease. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 16, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Carlos Sch önfeldt-Lecuona, Arno Schmidt, Thomas Kregel, Jan Kassubek, Jens Dreyhaupt, Roland W. Freudenmann, Bernhard J. Connemann, Elmar H. Pinkhardt, Maximilian Gahr Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Predictors and outcomes of somatization in bipolar I disorder: A latent class mixture modeling approach
Mood disorders are often associated with somatic symptoms. The role of somatic symptoms on disease progression in unipolar depression is substantially better characterized than that role in bipolar disorder. Moreover, the contribution of comorbid anxiety disorders and medical illness is not well understood. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 16, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Juliet Beni Edgcomb, Berit Kerner Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of levomilnacipran, vilazodone and vortioxetine compared with other second-generation antidepressants for major depressive disorder in adults: A systematic review and network meta-analysis
Second-generation antidepressants dominate the medical management of major depressive disorder (MDD). Levomilnacipran, vilazodone and vortioxetine are the latest therapeutic options approved for the treatment of MDD. This systematic review aims to compare the benefits and harms of vilazodone, levomilnacipran, and vortioxetine with one another and other second-generation antidepressants. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 16, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Gernot Wagner, Marie-Therese Schultes, Viktoria Titscher, Birgit Teufer, Irma Klerings, Gerald Gartlehner Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Distinguishing transient versus stable aspects of depression in New Zealand Pacific Island children using Generalizability Theory
The distinction between temporary versus enduring or state/trait aspects of depression is important. More precise distinction would improve understanding of the aetiology of depression and those aspects most amenable to intervention thus identifying more homogeneous, dynamic targets for clinical trials. Generalizability Theory has been proposed as useful for disentangling state and trait components of psychopathology. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 16, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Janis Paterson, Oleg N. Medvedev, Alexander Sumich, El-Shadan Tautolo, Christian U. Kr ägeloh, Rose Sisk, Robert K. McNamara, Michael Berk, Ajit Narayanan, Richard J. Siegert Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior according to the C-SSRS in a European cohort of Huntington's disease gene expansion carriers
Huntington's disease (HD) gene expansion carriers are at an increased risk of suicide, but so far, no studies have investigated the full spectrum of suicidality, including suicidal ideation, suicidal behavior and self-injurious behavior. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 15, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Erik van Duijn, Eslie M. Vrijmoeth, Erik J. Giltay, G. Bernhard Landwehrmeyer, REGISTRY investigators of the European Huntington's Disease Network Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Meaning and its association with happiness, health and healthcare utilization: a cross-sectional study
Meaning in life is not only a significant component of psychological well-being, but also a neglected issue with clinical importance that needs to be studied further, especially its association with health and healthcare utilization. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 15, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Dexing Zhang, Dicken Cheong-Chun Chan, Lu Niu, Huiming Liu, Dan Zou, Aaroy Tsun-Yin Chan, Tiffany Ting Gao, Baoliang Zhong, Regina Wing-Shan Sit, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Worry Amplifies Theory-of-Mind Reasoning for Negatively Valenced Social Stimuli in Generalized Anxiety Disorder
This study therefore aimed to address this gap. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 15, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Nur Hani Zainal, Michelle G. Newman Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Physical Health Conditions associated with Full and Subthreshold PTSD in U.S. Military Veterans: Results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study
While both full and subthreshold posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be linked to physical conditions, contemporary population-based data on these associations in military veterans are scarce. Further, little is known about how component aspects of PTSD, which is a heterogeneous disorder, may relate to physical conditions in this population. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 15, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ren ée El-Gabalawy, Caitlin Blaney, Jack Tsai, Jennifer A. Sumner, Robert H Pietrzak Source Type: research

Emotion regulation strategies moderate the relationship of fatigue with depersonalization and derealization symptoms
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships of common emotion regulation strategies (suppression and reappraisal) to self-reported fatigue and depersonalization/derealization symptoms. Specifically, we tested the moderating effect of suppression and reappraisal on the link of fatigue with depersonalization and derealization symptoms. Opposite effects were expected for both emotion regulation strategies assuming that cognitive reappraisal has an adaptive buffering effect, while suppression intensifies the association of fatigue and depersonalization/derealization experiences. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - November 15, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ana N. Tibubos, Jennifer Grammes, Manfred E. Beutel, Matthias Michal, Gabriele Schmutzer, Elmar Br ähler Tags: Research paper Source Type: research