Parents' Personality-Disorder Symptoms Predict Children's Symptoms of Anxiety and Depressive Disorders - a Prospective Cohort Study.
oslash;m L Abstract Personality disorder (PD) symptomatology is characterized by interpersonal problems and emotional dysregulation, which may affect offspring of parents with PD symptoms. Notably though, studies are needed to discern (i) whether parental PDs forecast symptoms of psychiatric disorders in offspring during their childhood years and (ii) whether such prospective relations obtain after accounting for common causes (e.g., genetics, common methods). To address these issues, we followed up a community sample of Norwegian children biennially from ages 4 to 8 (n = 594), using a semi-structure...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Steinsbekk S, Berg-Nielsen TS, Belsky J, Helland EB, Hågenrud M, Raballo A, Wichstrøm L Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Observed Personality in Preschool: Associations with Current and Longitudinal Symptoms.
Abstract Personality is consistently associated with psychopathology across the lifespan. However, little is known of how observed personality dimensions in preschoolers are associated with concurrent or longitudinal symptoms across development. Spectrum, vulnerability, and pathopolasty models theorize how child personality and psychopathology are related across development. The current study tests these three models using observationally coded personality dimensions in a longitudinal sample of preschoolers. A validated 'thin slice' technique was used to code observed Five Factor Model (FFM) personality dimensions...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gilbert KE, Whalen DJ, Tillman R, Barch DM, Luby JL, Jackson JJ Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Marital and Parent-Child Relationships during Treatment for Adolescent Depression: Child-Driven and Bidirectional Effects.
This study evaluated how treating adolescent depression affects marital and parent-child relationships. We examined whether marital adjustment and parent-child conflict improved over the course of active treatment of depressed adolescents (36-week visit) and long-term follow-up (one year after discontinuation of treatment) in a sample of 322 clinically depressed youth participating in the Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS). We also explored the bidirectional influences of adolescent depression and family relationships. Results indicated that marital adjustment was stable during active treatment but decl...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Howard KR, Reinecke MA, Lavigne JV, Gouze KR, Jordan N Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Dimensionality of Proposed DSM-5 PTSD Symptoms in Trauma-Exposed Young Children.
This study utilized confirmatory factor analytic techniques to evaluate the proposed DSM-5 PTSD-6Y factor structure and criterion and convergent validity against competing models. Data for N = 284 (3-6 years) trauma-exposed young children living in New Orleans were recruited following a range of traumas, including medical emergencies, exposure to Hurricane Katrina and repeated exposure to domestic violence. The model was compared to DSM-IV, a 4-factor 'dysphoria' model that groups symptoms also associated with anxiety and depression, and alternate 1- and 2- factor models. Convergent validity was establis...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McKinnon A, Scheeringa MS, Meiser-Stedman R, Watson P, De Young A, Dalgleish T Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder in Early Childhood Predicts Reduced Competence in Early Adolescence.
Abstract Psychosocial deprivation is associated with the development of socially aberrant behaviors, including signs of disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED). In longitudinal studies, signs of DSED have been shown to decrease over time, especially as children are removed from conditions of deprivation. What is less clear is whether signs of DSED in early childhood are associated with poorer functioning in early adolescence, including among children who no longer manifest signs of DSED at this age. In a sample of 136 Romanian children from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP), who were exposed t...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Guyon-Harris KL, Humphreys KL, Miron D, Gleason MM, Nelson CA, Fox NA, Zeanah CH Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Parenting and Youth Onset of Depression Across Three Years: Examining the Influence of Observed Parenting on Child and Adolescent Depressive Outcomes.
Abstract Concurrent associations between parenting behaviors and youth depression are well established. A smaller body of work has demonstrated longitudinal associations between aspects of parenting and youth risk for depression; however, this limited longitudinal work has predominantly relied upon self- and parent-report questionnaire measures and is thus affected by biases related to retrospective recall and common method variance. The present study used behavioral observation measures of parenting and clinical interview measures of youth depression to examine prospective relationships between observed parental ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Griffith JM, Crawford CM, Oppenheimer CW, Young JF, Hankin BL Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Blunted Physiological Stress Reactivity among Youth with a History of Bullying and Victimization: Links to Depressive Symptoms.
Abstract Bullying and peer victimization are stressful experiences for youth, and are associated with increased risk for psychopathology. Physiological differences in the body's stress response system may help us to understand vulnerability for depressive symptoms among youth involved with bullying. The current study examined both sympathetic and parasympathetic activity using skin conductance (SCL) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) at a neutral baseline and during Cyberball, a stressful social exclusion paradigm. Participants consisted of 175 youth in grades 6-11 (mean age 13.6 years, 51% girls). Multil...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lambe LJ, Craig WM, Hollenstein T Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Adolescent Psychopathic Traits Negatively Relate to Hemodynamic Activity within the Basal Ganglia during Error-Related Processing.
Abstract Youth with elevated psychopathic traits exhibit a number of comparable neurocognitive deficits as adult psychopathic offenders, including error-related processing deficits. Subregions of the basal ganglia play an important, though indirect, role in error-related processing through connections with cortical areas including the anterior cingulate cortex. A number of recent structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (s/fMRI) studies have associated basal ganglia dysfunction in youth with elevated psychopathic traits, but these studies have not examined whether dysfunction occurring within subregion...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Maurer JM, Steele VR, Vincent GM, Rao V, Calhoun VD, Kiehl KA Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Intergenerational Transmission of Externalizing Behavior: the Importance of a Positive Romantic Partner.
Abstract The current study evaluated the influence of a positive romantic partner on the intergenerational transmission of externalizing behavior across generations. The study included 213 generation one (G1) mothers and their adolescent (generation two; G2) who participated from middle adolescence through adulthood, G2's romantic partner in adulthood, and the third-generation (G3) child between ages 3-5 years. Two steps were used to identify the role of G2's romantic partner's positive behavior on the transmission of externalizing behavior from G2 and G3. First, after controlling for G1 harsh parenting and G...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jeon S, Neppl TK Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Latent Profiles of Cognitive and Interpersonal Risk Factors for Adolescent Depression and Implications for Personalized Treatment.
Abstract A personalized approach to treatment with patients being matched to the best-fit treatment has been proposed as one possible solution to the currently modest treatment response rates for adolescent depression. Personalized treatment involves identifying and characterizing subgroups likely to respond differently to different treatments. We investigated the feasibility of this approach, by focusing on two key risk factors that are the purported treatment targets of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy for depressed adolescents (IPT-A): negative unrealistic cognitions and interp...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gunlicks-Stoessel M, Eckshtain D, Lee S, Reigstad K, Mufson L, Weisz J Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Social Withdrawal and Anxiety in Childhood and Adolescence: Interaction between Individual Tendencies and Interpersonal Learning Mechanisms in Development : Introduction to the Special Section.
Abstract In this introduction to the special issue on Social Withdrawal and Anxiety in Childhood and Adolescence: Interaction Between Individual Tendencies and Interpersonal Learning Mechanisms in Development, we analyze conceptual models guiding the twelve studies featured herein. Findings from multiple investigations support Diathesis - Stress Models which emphasize the role of parent- or peer-related interpersonal stress in strengthening affective-behavioral or biological vulnerabilities (diatheses) to anxious solitude or social anxiety. Other investigations support only child vulnerability effects, consistent ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gazelle H, Rubin KH Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Using Repeated-Measures Data to Make Stronger Tests of the Association between Executive Function Skills and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptomatology in Early Childhood.
Abstract Theoretical models of Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have long implicated executive function (EF) skills as contributing to the etiology, maintenance, and changes in ADHD symptomatology over time. Although there is interest making within-person inferences (i.e., deficits in EF skills give rise to ADHD behaviors), most of the evidence has been derived from studies that conflated between- and within-person sources of variance. Here, we use repeated-measures data to test within-person association between EF skills and ADHD behaviors. Participants included 1160 children from the Family Life P...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Willoughby MT, Wylie AC, Blair CB Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Reactive and Regulatory Temperament: Longitudinal Associations with Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms through Childhood.
In conclusion, among children with lower levels of PE traits, strong regulatory abilities are associated with greater reductions in internalizing and externalizing symptoms over time. These models highlight the complex interaction between reactive and regulatory temperament and expand current understanding of temperamental risk for psychopathology. PMID: 31076976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology)
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nielsen JD, Olino TM, Dyson MW, Klein DN Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

A School-Based Comparison of Positive Search Training to Enhance Adaptive Attention Regulation with a Cognitive-Behavioural Intervention for Reducing Anxiety Symptoms in Children.
Abstract Many children experience anxiety but have limited access to empirically-supported interventions. School-based interventions using brief, computer-assisted training provide a viable way of reaching children. Recent evidence suggests that computer-delivered 'positive search training' (PST) reduces anxiety in children. This multi-informant, randomised controlled trial compared classroom-based, computer-delivered PST (N = 116) to a classroom-based, therapist-delivered cognitive-behavioural intervention (CBI) (N = 127) and a curriculum-as-usual control condition (CAU) (N =&th...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Waters AM, Candy SG, Zimmer-Gembeck MJ, Groth TA, Craske MG, Bradley BP, Mogg K Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

A Longitudinal Examination of Heart-Rate and Heart Rate Variability as Risk Markers for Child Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in an Acute Injury Sample.
Abstract Heart rate (HR) alterations in the immediate aftermath of trauma-exposure have been proposed to be potentially useful markers for child and adolescent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is not yet clear if this holds true for measures taken more distal to the trauma, and no studies have investigated the predictive validity of more sensitive HR variability (HRV) indices. We recruited 76 parent-child pairs (child age 6 to 13 years) after the child experienced a traumatic event leading to presentation at a hospital emergency department. At 1-month post trauma (T1), HR recordings were obta...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Haag K, Hiller R, Peyk P, Michael T, Meiser-Stedman R, Fearon P, Ehlers A, Halligan SL Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Effects of Group-Based CBT on Post-Event Processing in Children with Social Anxiety Disorder Following an Experimental Social Stressor.
r B Abstract Theoretical models and previous research suggest that post-event processing (PEP) after social situations maintains social anxiety disorder (SAD). To date, little is known about PEP in childhood, a critical period for disorder development, or about possible positive effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on PEP in children. Children with SAD (n = 71; aged 9-13 years) and healthy controls (n = 55) participated in a social stress task (Trier Social Stress Test for Children, TSST-C), which was repeated in children with SAD after either 12 sessions of CBT or a waiting p...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Asbrand J, Schmitz J, Krämer M, Nitschke K, Heinrichs N, Tuschen-Caffier B Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Developmental Trajectories of Anxiety and Depression Symptoms from Early to Middle Childhood: a Population-Based Cohort Study in the Netherlands.
This study adds to current knowledge by demonstrating that developmental patterns of anxiety and depression symptoms in early childhood are related to broader negative outcomes in middle childhood. Child and family factors could guide monitoring of anxiety and depression symptoms in the general population and provide targets for prevention programs. PMID: 31069583 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology)
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: de Lijster JM, van den Dries MA, van der Ende J, Utens EMWJ, Jaddoe VW, Dieleman GC, Hillegers MHJ, Tiemeier H, Legerstee JS Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Suicide Attempts and Course of Suicidal Ideation among Puerto Rican Early Adolescents.
This study reports on the prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and course of suicidal ideation among Puerto Rican early adolescents, a high-risk group for suicidal behavior in adulthood. Gender differences and the prospective association of psychiatric disorders with course of suicidal ideation are examined. Participants were 1228 Puerto Rican adolescents (ages 10-13 at wave 1; 48% female) and parents, selected through probability-based sampling, assessed yearly across three waves. Adolescents and parents reported via Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-IV about 12-month suicide attempts and suicidal i...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ortin A, Elkington KS, Eisenberg R, Miranda R, Canino G, Bird HR, Duarte CS Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Developmental Propensity Model Extends to Oppositional Defiant Disorder: a Twin Study.
Abstract Previous research has supported the developmental propensity model, which proposes that three socioemotional dispositions (prosociality, negative emotionality, and daring) increase risk for the development of conduct problems through shared genetic and environmental influences. The current study extends this research by examining the model in relation to oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Based on a confirmatory factor analysis, ODD was examined as three separate dimensions (irritable, headstrong, and hurtful) rather than a unitary construct. Parents of 686 same-sex twins (ages 7-13) provided ratings of...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mikolajewski AJ, Hart SA, Taylor J Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Association of OXTR rs53576 with the Developmental Trajectories of Callous-Unemotional Traits and Stressful Life Events in 3- to 9-Year-Old Community Children.
The objective was to obtain developmental trajectories combining callous-unemotional traits and the number of stressful life-events between ages 3 and 9 years and to ascertain their association with the polymorphism rs53576 at the Oxytocin Receptor gene (OXTR). A total of 377 children were assessed yearly from ages 3 to 9 years. Latent class growth analysis for parallel processes was used to identify distinct trajectories for callous-unemotional traits (assessed using the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits, ICU) and number of stressful life-events, and then the influence of being an A allele carrier on class...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ezpeleta L, Penelo E, de la Osa N, Navarro JB, Fañanás L, Fatjó-Vilas M Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Life Stress and Suicide in Adolescents.
Abstract Stress exposure is central to theories of suicide. To advance understanding of the relation between stress and suicide, we examined whether specific, theoretically-pertinent life stressors were differentially related to suicidal thinking versus suicidal behaviors among hospitalized adolescents. Participants were 197 (144 female) adolescents aged 13 to 19 years old (M = 15.61, SD = 1.48) recruited from an acute residential psychiatric treatment program. Participants were categorized into mutually exclusive groups: psychiatric controls (n = 38) with no lifetime...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stewart JG, Shields GS, Esposito EC, Cosby EA, Allen NB, Slavich GM, Auerbach RP Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Connecting Childhood Wariness to Adolescent Social Anxiety through the Brain and Peer Experiences.
Abstract Wariness in early childhood manifests as shy, inhibited behavior in novel social situations and is associated with increased risk for developing social anxiety. In youth with childhood wariness, exposure to a potent social stressor, such as peer victimization, may potentiate brain-based sensitivity to unpredictable social contexts, thereby increasing risk for developing social anxiety. To test brain-based associations between early childhood wariness, self-reported peer victimization, and current social anxiety symptoms, we quantified neural responses to different social contexts in low- and high-victimiz...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jarcho JM, Grossman HY, Guyer AE, Quarmley M, Smith AR, Fox NA, Leibenluft E, Pine DS, Nelson EE Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Network Analysis of ADHD and ODD Symptoms: Novel Insights or Redundant Findings with the Latent Variable Model?
Abstract A latent variable model (LVM) and network analysis (NA) were applied to mother and father ratings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms to determine if NA offers unique insights relative to the LVM. ADHD-inattention (IN), ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), and ODD symptoms along with academic competence behaviors (reading, arithmetic, and writing skills) were rated by mothers and fathers of Brazilian (n = 894), Thai (n = 2075), and United States (n = 817) children (Mage = 9.04, SD&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Preszler J, Burns GL Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Emotional Underarousal and Overarousal and Engagement in Relational Aggression: Interactions between Relational Victimization, Physiological Reactivity, and Emotional Sensitivity.
Abstract The present study examined if overarousal (i.e., dysregulation and high emotional sensitivity) and underarousal (i.e., fearlessness and emotional insensitivity) to peer stress, reflected in physiological reactivity and subjective emotional sensitivity, exacerbated risk for relational aggression in relationally victimized children. Participants were a community sample of 125 children (10-12 years, M = 11.34 years, SD = 0.89; 45% female). Teachers provided ratings of children's relational victimization and relational aggression. Children's physiological reactivity was a...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McQuade JD, Murray-Close D, Breslend NL, Balda KE, Kim MM, Marsh NP Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Callous-Unemotional Traits and Academic Performance in Secondary School Students: Examining the Moderating Effect of Gender.
This study therefore aimed to investigate i) the relationships between CU traits, student gender and English, Science and Math grades, and ii) whether gender moderates the association between CU traits and academic outcomes. Participants were 437 children aged 11 to 14 years (mean age 12.50 years; 49% girls; 85% White) attending a state secondary school in England. Students reported on CU traits and externalizing problems and their English, Math and Science grades were gathered from school records. Using hierarchical linear modelling, CU traits were found to be significantly related to lower English, Math and Sci...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bird E, Chhoa CY, Midouhas E, Allen JL Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Herbert C. Quay (1929-2019).
PMID: 30972607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology)
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lahey BB Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Negative Parenting Moderates the Prospective Association of ADHD Symptoms and Youth Social Problems.
Abstract Although ADHD and negative parenting are established predictors of youth outcomes, their independent and interactive effects on youth social functioning remain unclear. We tested childhood ADHD symptoms and negative parenting as independent and interactive predictors of prospective change in social problems across a four-year follow-up. At baseline, families of 221 (33% female) children with (n = 94) and without ADHD were rigorously assessed including observed positive and negative parenting behavior, youth ADHD symptoms, as well as multi-informant ratings of youth social problems at multipl...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Fenesy MC, Teh SE, Lee SS Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Relational Aggression in Adolescents with Conduct Disorder: Sex Differences and Behavioral Correlates.
, Rogers JC, Siklósi R, Smaragdi A, Vivanco-Gonzalez E, Stadler C, Fairchild G, Popma A, De Brito SA, Konrad K, Freitag CM Abstract As most research on conduct disorder (CD) has been conducted on male participants, it has been suggested that female-specific symptoms may be underestimated based on current DSM-5 criteria. In particular, relational aggression, i.e. the hurtful, often indirect, manipulation of relationships with the intention of damaging the other's social position, has been proposed as a characteristic of CD that is more common in females. In addition, sex-specific studies on correlates of rel...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ackermann K, Kirchner M, Bernhard A, Martinelli A, Anomitri C, Baker R, Baumann S, Dochnal R, Fernandez-Rivas A, Gonzalez-Madruga K, Herpertz-Dahlmann B, Hervas A, Jansen L, Kapornai K, Kersten L, Kohls G, Limprecht R, Lazaratou H, McLaughlin A, Oldenhof Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Parent-Youth Divergence (and Convergence) in Reports of Youth Internalizing Problems in Psychiatric Inpatient Care.
Abstract When compared to one another, multiple informants' reports of adolescent internalizing problems often reveal low convergence. This creates challenges in the delivery of clinical services, particularly for severe outcomes linked to internalizing problems, namely suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Clinicians would benefit from methods that facilitate interpretation of multi-informant reports, particularly in inpatient settings typified by high-cost care and high-stakes decision-making. 765 adolescent inpatients (70.3% female; Mage = 14.7) and their parents completed measures of adolescent intern...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Makol BA, De Los Reyes A, Ostrander RS, Reynolds EK Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Internalizing Problems in Adolescence: Linking Loneliness, Social Anxiety Symptoms, and Depressive Symptoms Over Time.
Abstract Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to experiencing loneliness, social anxiety symptoms, and depressive symptoms. These internalizing problems often co-occur but, until now, it remains unclear how they are associated over time. Insight in these temporal sequences is important to enhance our understanding of how internalizing problems arise and may reinforce each other over time. To examine these temporal sequences, three samples of adolescents were used: Sample 1 consisted of 1,116 adolescents (48.97% girls, Mage = 13.59), Sample 2 of 1,423 adolescents (52.42% girls, Mage = 13.79), and Sample 3 of 549...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Danneel S, Nelemans S, Spithoven A, Bastin M, Bijttebier P, Colpin H, Van Den Noortgate W, Van Leeuwen K, Verschueren K, Goossens L Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Parents' Spontaneous Attributions about their Problem Child: Associations with Parental Mental Health and Child Conduct Problems.
Abstract Parents' attributions about their child's personality and behaviour are known to predict the quality of parent-child interactions and outcomes for the child, including those from parenting interventions. Nothing is known, however, about the quantity and quality of attributions parents use during free speech about their children referred for treatment of behavioural and emotional problems. We tested hypotheses about the types of attributions and associations among parental attributions, parental psychopathology and child conduct problems, using 504 five-minute speech samples (FMSS) coded using the Parent A...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Palm SME, Sawrikar V, Schollar-Root O, Moss A, Hawes DJ, Dadds MR Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Fathers' and Mothers' Early Mind-Mindedness Predicts Social Competence and Behavior Problems in Childhood.
SM Abstract Parental mind-mindedness, the parent's propensity to treat the child as an intentional agent, has repeatedly shown to promote children's development of social understanding and secure attachment. Less is known about whether the impact of maternal and paternal mind-mindedness extends to children's social and behavior problems. We investigated the combined effect of mothers' and fathers' (N = 104) mind-mindedness at 4, 12, and 30 months on children's social competence and externalizing and internalizing behavior problems at 4.5 years. Besides, we examined the stability, continuit...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Colonnesi C, Zeegers MAJ, Majdandžić M, van Steensel FJA, Bögels SM Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Relations between Reactive and Proactive Aggression and Daily Emotions in Adolescents.
Abstract The current study examined whether individual differences in reactive and proactive aggression: 1) relate to level of daily emotion, including happiness, sadness, anger, and fear, 2) predict across-day variability in these emotions, and 3) moderate reactivity of these emotions to positive and negative events. Participants were a racially/ethnically diverse sample of 144 adolescents (80 girls, 64 boys; M age = 13.55 years; SD = 1.34). Adolescents self-reported on reactive and proactive aggression in a home visit prior to the collection of daily data. Using daily dairy proce...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Moore CC, Hubbard JA, Bookhout MK, Mlawer F Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

A Daily Diary Analysis of Preschool Depressive Behaviors: Prospective Associations and Moderators Across 14  Days.
This study examined the day-to-day variability of two common depressive behaviors in preschool-aged children, sadness and irritability, and factors associated with the daily occurrence of these behaviors. Participants included 291 parents of preschool-aged children, and parents completed a 14-day daily diary. Results indicated that sleep quality did not prospectively predict next-day sadness or irritability the following day. We observed between-person stability, but within-person variability, in children's sadness and irritability across 14 days. We observed greater between-person stability and greater within-person ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Leppert KA, Bufferd SJ, Olino TM, Dougherty LR Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Effect of an Intervention Teaching Adolescents that People can Change on Depressive Symptoms, Cognitive Schemas, and Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Hormones.
er DS Abstract Interest is increasing in developing universal interventions to prevent depression in adolescents that are brief enough to be scaled up. The aim of this study was to test the effects on depressive symptoms, cognitive schemas, and Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Hormones of an intervention focused on teaching an element of an incremental theory of personality, namely, the belief that people can change. We also examined whether grade level moderated the effects of the intervention. A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was conducted with 867 Spanish adolescent participants (51.9% boys, Grad...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Calvete E, Fernández-Gonzalez L, Orue I, Echezarraga A, Royuela-Colomer E, Cortazar N, Muga J, Longa M, Yeager DS Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Genetic Correlation between Child Callous-Unemotional Behaviors and Fear Recognition Deficit: Evidence for a Neurocognitive Endophenotype.
This study investigates emotion recognition deficits as candidate neurocognitive endophenotypes for callous-unemotional (CU) behaviors. Using a twin design, we tested genetic correlations between child CU behaviors and poor processing of fearful and sad facial expressions. Participants were 504 twin pairs (209 MZ pairs; 295 DZ pairs) from the Quebec Newborn Twin Study, a longitudinal study of a population-based sample of twins. Teachers in kindergarten and first grade rated children's CU behaviors and other behavior problems (attention deficit and hyperactivity symptoms, physical aggression, and depressive symptoms). In fi...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Petitclerc A, Henry J, Feng B, Poliakova N, Brendgen M, Dionne G, Vitaro F, Tremblay RE, Boivin M Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Adolescence: Longitudinal Associations with Psychological Distress and Rumination.
Abstract Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) constitutes a significant mental health concern that is highly prevalent in adolescence. Theoretical accounts and empirical research suggest that, in the short-term, NSSI may provide instant relief from intense psychological distress and ruminative thoughts. However, much less is known about these associations over time throughout adolescence. Therefore, we designed a three-year longitudinal study and examined the bidirectional prospective associations between psychological distress, rumination, and NSSI. We assessed 528 secondary school students (at Time 1: Mean age&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Buelens T, Luyckx K, Gandhi A, Kiekens G, Claes L Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Associations Between Attentional Bias and Interpretation Bias and Change in School Concerns and Anxiety Symptoms During the Transition from Primary to Secondary School.
This study recruited 109 children and measured their anxiety symptoms and school concerns toward the end of primary school and again at the end of their first term of secondary school. We investigated for the first time whether pre-transition measures of attentional and interpretation bias, and the magnitude of change in attentional bias toward and away from threat stimuli were associated with pre- and post-transition measures of anxiety and school concerns, and the change in these measures over time. Over 50% of the current sample exceeded clinical levels of anxiety at pre-transition. However, anxiety symptoms and school ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lester KJ, Lisk SC, Carr E, Patrick F, Eley TC Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

A Network Approach to Understanding the Structure of Core Symptoms of Psychopathic Personality Disturbance in Adolescent Offenders.
Abstract A central aim of research on psychopathic personality disturbance (PPD) involves identifying core features of the construct. This has been addressed primarily through prototypicality studies and research using item-response theory. More recently, the logic of social network analysis was extended to psychopathology research to examine which symptoms were most central to PPD networks. Such studies identified affective symptoms of the disorder as especially central among adult offenders. To build upon this prior research, the current study used data on male offenders from the Incarcerated Serious and Violent...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McCuish E, Bouchard M, Beauregard E, Corrado R Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Dutch Bipolar Offspring Study: Cognitive Development and Psychopathology.
This study examines cognitive and educational functioning prospectively in offspring at familial risk for bipolar disorder, in order to improve our understanding of the association between cognitive functioning and psychopathology. Bipolar offspring (N = 92) from the prospective Dutch bipolar offspring study were evaluated at adolescence and adulthood for IQ estimate, educational achievement and development of any psychiatric disorder. The main outcome was IQ estimate after 12 years of follow-up (offspring mean age 28 years). Generalized estimating equation (GEE) analyses showed that any lifetime DS...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tempelaar WM, Mesman E, Breetvelt EJ, Hillegers MHJ Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Influence of Treatment Engagement on Positive Outcomes in the Context of a School-Based Intervention for Students with Externalizing Behavior Problems.
We examined the stability of and cross-influences between externalizing behaviors and intervention engagement among children participating in a randomized clinical trial of an intervention for disruptive behavioral youth. Analyses also accounted for the influence of caregiver depression, family relationship quality, and sociodemographic factors (race, income) on the relationship between behaviors and intervention engagement. Analyses were based on 118 children participating in the Coping Power intervention. Composite variables were created to represent externalizing behaviors and intervention engagement constructs. Associa...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lindsey MA, Romanelli M, Ellis ML, Barker ED, Boxmeyer CL, Lochman JL Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Pubertal Timing and Substance use in Adolescence: an Investigation of Two Cognitive Moderators.
Abstract Off-time pubertal development is a predictor of substance use among adolescents. Early-maturing girls and early- and late-maturing boys appear to be at greater risk for substance use, although findings are more consistent for girls. Although cognitive factors are also important in the etiology of adolescent substance use, few studies have investigated potential cognitive risk and protective factors in these associations. The current study tested whether future orientation or cognitive style (e.g., attributions youth make about the causes and consequences of negative life events) moderated the association ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stumper A, Olino TM, Abramson LY, Alloy LB Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Time Spent with Parents Predicts Change in Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder.
Abstract Research with community samples suggests that non-affective features of families, such as the amount of time parents and adolescents spend together, affect depressive symptoms in adolescents. It is possible, however, that spending time with parents not only protects against the onset of depressive symptoms, but also reduces symptoms in adolescents who are already depressed. The current study was designed to test this formulation while also examining whether affective dimensions of family functioning - specifically parental warmth - accounted for or moderated observed associations. Finally, we tested the r...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Manczak EM, Ordaz SJ, Singh MK, Goyer MS, Gotlib IH Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Adversity and Depression: The Moderating Role of Stress Reactivity among High and Low Risk Youth.
Abstract Adverse life events have been causally linked to depression among youth at high risk for depression. But given that not all high-risk youth develop depression following adversity, individual differences in various processes, including physiological reactivity to stress, are likely to be at play. This longitudinal prospective study tested the hypothesis that, among high-risk youth exposed to adversities, extent of physiological reactivity to laboratory stress (indexed as respiratory sinus arrhythmia; RSA) would predict subsequent depressive symptoms. Subjects were youth at high (n = 80) and l...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Daches S, Vine V, George CJ, Kovacs M Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Multiple Trajectories in Anxious Solitary Youths: the Middle School Transition as a Turning Point in Development.
This study aimed to identify divergent patterns of individual continuity and change in anxious solitude (AS) in the last half of elementary school (3rd - 5th grade) and the first two years of middle school (6th - 7th grade), and test predictors and outcomes of these pathways. Participants were 688 youths (girls n = 354, 51.5%; M age at outset = 8.66 years, SD = 0.50). Latent class growth analyses identified two AS trajectory classes in elementary school (moderate-decreasing, high-increasing) and three in middle school (low-stable, low-increasing, high-decreasing). The elementa...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - February 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gazelle H, Faldowski RA Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Family Burden of Raising a Child with ADHD.
Abstract The purpose of the study was to estimate the burden to families of raising a child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Data were drawn from a longitudinal sample recruited in western Pennsylvania. When participants were between 14 and 17 years old, parents completed a questionnaire assessing economic burden over the course of raising their children. Domains of economic burden to families included direct costs related to child's behaviors (excluding treatment expenses) and indirect costs related to caregiver strain. On average, participants with ADHD incurred a total economic burden ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - February 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zhao X, Page TF, Altszuler AR, Pelham WE, Kipp H, Gnagy EM, Coxe S, Schatz NK, Merrill BM, Macphee FL, Pelham WE Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Protective Factors Buffer Life Stress and Behavioral Health Outcomes among High-Risk Youth.
This study investigated internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and polydrug use among African-American youth residing in high-poverty neighborhoods, and tested the potential protective effects of religiosity, parental monitoring, and neighborhood collective efficacy on life stress and behavioral health outcomes (N = 576; 307 females; Mage = 16 years, SD = 1.44 years). A cumulative risk index reflected the combined effects of past year exposure to stressful life events, racial discrimination, and exposure to violence along with poor neighborhood ecology. Structural ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - February 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sharma S, Mustanski B, Dick D, Bolland J, Kertes DA Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Relation between Specific Parenting Behaviors and Toddlers' Early Anxious Behaviors is Moderated by Toddler Cortisol Reactivity.
Abstract Differential susceptibility theory posits that neurobiological reactivity (e.g., cortisol levels) should be considered as an individual index of susceptibility to both positive and negative environments. The current investigation separately examines cortisol reactivity and total concentration in toddlerhood as moderators of the longitudinal relation between maternal protection and encouragement of independence and increases or decreases in observed anxious behaviors, respectively. A total of 119 mother-toddler dyads participated in a laboratory visit when toddlers were 12- to 18-months-old. Mothers report...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - February 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kalomiris AE, Phelps RA, Kiel EJ Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Patterns of Exposure to Cumulative Risk Through Age 2 and Associations with Problem Behaviors at Age 4.5: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand.
Abstract Exposure to cumulative risk (CR) has important implications for child development, yet little is known about how frequency, persistence, and timing of CR exposure during early childhood predict behavioral problems already before school start. We examine prospective longitudinal associations between patterns of CR exposure from third trimester through 2 years and subsequent behavior problems at 4.5 years. In 6156 diverse children in the Growing Up in New Zealand longitudinal study, the presence of 12 risk factors, spanning maternal health, social status, and home and neighborhood environment, def...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - February 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wallander JL, Berry S, Carr PA, Peterson ER, Waldie KE, Marks E, D'Souza S, Morton SMB Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Does Less Optimal Nonverbal Communication with Peers Predict the Development of Depression in Adolescent Boys and Girls?
Abstract A Social Skills Deficit Model for depression in adolescence was tested, proposing that less optimal nonverbal behavior elicits negative reactions in peer partners, which in turn result in depressive symptoms. Adolescents (12-17 years of age) participated in videotaped same-sex interactions. Several positive and negative nonverbal behaviors were coded. Two analyses were conducted using longitudinal data collected in four waves. First, the predictive role of nonverbal communication for depressive symptoms was tested in a normative sample of 170 adolescent dyads without (mild) depression at wave 1 (48% ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - February 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: van Beek Y, Berg A Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research