The Main and Interactive Associations between Demographic Factors and Psychopathology and Treatment Utilization in Youth: A Test of Intersectionality in the ABCD Study.
This study examined rates of parent-reported psychopathology and mental health treatment utilization as a function of several demographic characteristics (in isolation and in concert) in a population-based, demographically diverse sample of 11,875 9- to 10-year-old youth. Results indicated most consistently that lower SES was associated with greater rates of psychopathology and greater likelihood of treatment utilization; that Asian American youth (relative to all other racial groups) and Hispanic/Latinx (relative to non-Hispanic/Latinx) youth were less likely to have a history of psychopathology or to have utilized treatm...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mennies RJ, Birk SL, Norris LA, Olino TM Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Structure of Psychopathology in a Sample of Clinically Referred, Emotionally Dysregulated Early Adolescents.
Abstract This investigation answers and amplifies calls to model the transdiagnostic structure of psychopathology in clinical samples of early adolescents and using stringent psychometric criteria. In 162 clinically referred, clinically evaluated 11-13-year-olds, we compared a correlated two-factor model, containing latent internalizing and externalizing factors, to a bifactor model, which added a transdiagnostic general factor. We also evaluated the bifactor model psychometrically, including criterion validity with broad indicators of psychosocial functioning. In doing so, we compared alternative approaches to de...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Vine V, Byrd AL, Mohr H, Scott LN, Beeney JE, Stepp SD Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire for Children in Chinese Adolescents.
Abstract The present research introduced the Penn State Worry Questionnaire for Children (PSWQ-C) to China and evaluated its structure and psychometric properties in Chinese adolescent samples. The PSWQ-C is a 14-item self-report questionnaire designed to measure the generality, excessiveness, and uncontrollability aspects of pathological worries in children and adolescents. Factor analysis results suggested that the three reverse-scored items represented one or more unknown factors rather than worry; thus, they were discarded and the remaining 11 positively worded items formed the Chinese version of the PSWQ-C (C...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Liu Y, Zhong J Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Community Violence Exposure and Youth Aggression: The Moderating Role of Working Memory.
Abstract Community violence exposure (CVE) is associated with aggression among youth, particularly those who reside in low-income, urban neighborhoods. However, not all youth who experience CVE exhibit aggression. Working memory (WM) difficulties may interfere with attributions or retrieval of nonaggressive responses, suggesting that individual differences in WM may contribute to proactive and/or reactive aggression among youth who experience CVE. Participants were 104 low-income, urban youth (M = 9.92 ± 1.22 years old; 50.5% male; 95% African American). Youth reported on fr...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jakubovic RJ, Drabick DAG Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Relations Among Anxious Solitude, Peer Exclusion, and Maternal Overcontrol from 3rd Through 7th Grade: Peer Effects on Youth, Youth Evocative Effects on Mothering, and the Indirect Effect of Peers on Mothering via Youth.
This study evaluated a transactional model of youth anxious solitude and peer and maternal relations from 3rd through 7th grade. Participants were 230 American youth (57% girls) selected for longitudinal study from a screening sample recruited from public schools (N = 688). Peers reported on anxious solitude and peer exclusion and youth reported on their mother's overcontrol annually. In an autoregressive cross-lagged panel analytic model peer exclusion predicted incremental increases in anxious solitude during elementary school and after the middle school transition. Additionally, anxious solitude evoked inc...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gazelle H, Cui M Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Moderating Role of Child Maltreatment in Treatment Efficacy for Adolescent Depression.
Abstract Adolescent girls are at heightened risk of depression, and because adolescent depression may initiate a negative developmental cascade, intervention early in adolescence has potential for altering a negative developmental trajectory. Identifying risk factors that impact response to intervention may inform decisions about the type of treatment to provide for adolescent girls with depression. Understanding moderators of outcomes in evidence-based treatment is critical to the delivery of timely and effective interventions. Matching patients effectively with optimal intervention will not only expedite the all...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Toth SL, Handley ED, Manly JT, Sturm R, Adams TR, Demeusy EM, Cicchetti D Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Gender-Specific Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms in Chinese Children: Relations with Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction at School.
Abstract This longitudinal study identified gender-specific developmental trajectories of depressive symptoms in Chinese children and their relations with basic psychological needs satisfaction at school (satisfaction of autonomy needs at school, relatedness needs at school, and competence needs at school). A total of 692 Chinese elementary school students in grades 3 and 4 (Mage = 8.96 years; SD = 0.76; 53.6% boys) comprised the sample. Assessments were conducted every 6 months on six occasions over 30 months. Growth mixture modeling (GMM) was used to explore the depress...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zhong M, Huebner ES, Tian L Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Role of Paternal Accommodation of Paediatric OCD Symptoms: Patterns and Implications for Treatment Outcomes.
Abstract Family accommodation (FA) refers to the participation of family members in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) rituals. Most studies have focused on maternal accommodation; consequently, little is known about fathers' accommodation of OCD. The current study aims to extend the existing literature by examining maternal versus paternal accommodation of OCD symptoms.The sample consisted of 209 children with OCD (Mean [M] age = 14.1 years) and their parents (NMothers = 209, NFathers = 209) who had completed the Family Accommodation Scale- Parent Report (FAS-PR). P...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Monzani B, Vidal-Ribas P, Turner C, Krebs G, Stokes C, Heyman I, Mataix-Cols D, Stringaris A Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

An Item-Based Analysis of PTSD Emotional Numbing Symptoms in Disaster-Exposed Children and Adolescents.
This study was designed to investigate the roles of numbing of positive and negative emotions in PTSD symptomology and related functional impairments. 14,465 Chinese children and adolescents who personally experienced the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake (in Sichuan province, China) took part in the study. Emotional numbing and other PTSD symptoms were assessed by the University of California-Los Angeles PTSD Reaction Index for Children. Functional impairment was measured by the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 Generic Core Scales. Item response theory (IRT) analysis showed that both numbing of positive and negative emotion...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Li G, Wang L, Cao C, Fang R, Chen C, Qiao X, Yang H, Hall BJ, Elhai JD Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Sustained Attention and Individual Differences in Adolescents' Mood and Physiological Reactivity to Stress.
Abstract Biased attention to sad faces is associated with depression in adults and is hypothesized to increase depression risk specifically in the presence, but not absence, of stress by modulating stress reactivity. However, few studies have tested this hypothesis, and no studies have examined the relation between attentional biases and stress reactivity during adolescence, despite evidence that this developmental window is marked by changes in depression risk, stress, and the function of attention. Seeking to address these limitations, the current study examined the impact of adolescents' sustained attention to ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Feurer C, James KM, Foster CE, Gibb BE Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Subgroups of Childhood ADHD Based on Temperament Traits and Cognition: Concurrent and Predictive Validity.
Abstract Efforts to parse ADHD's heterogeneity in the DSM system has generally relied on subtypes, or presentations, based on different symptom combinations. Promising recent work has suggested that biologically-relevant and clinically predictive subgroups may be identified via an alternative feature set based on either a) temperament traits or b) executive function measures. Yet, the potential additive ability of these domains for specifying ADHD sub-phenotypes remains unknown. We thus sought to determine whether temperament traits and executive function, together, could facilitate a more nuanced and clinically m...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Goh PK, Lee CA, Martel MM, Karalunas SL, Nigg JT Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

"I Am a Total …Loser" - The Role of Interpretation Biases in Youth Depression.
"I Am a Total…Loser" - The Role of Interpretation Biases in Youth Depression. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2020 Jul 11;: Authors: Sfärlea A, Buhl C, Loechner J, Neumüller J, Asperud Thomsen L, Starman K, Salemink E, Schulte-Körne G, Platt B Abstract Negative interpretation biases have been found to characterize adults with depression and to be involved in the development and maintenance of the disorder. However, less is known about their role in youth depression. The present study investigated i) whether negative interpretation biases characterize children and adolescents wi...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sfärlea A, Buhl C, Loechner J, Neumüller J, Asperud Thomsen L, Starman K, Salemink E, Schulte-Körne G, Platt B Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Heterogeneous Trajectories of Problematic Alcohol Use, Depressive Symptoms, and their Co-Occurrence in Young Adults with and without Childhood ADHD.
Abstract The literature is inconsistent regarding whether childhood ADHD confers risk for adulthood problematic alcohol use, depressive symptoms, and their co-occurrence. These inconsistencies could be due to meaningful heterogeneity in the adulthood outcomes of children with ADHD that were obscured in traditional group-based analyses. The current study tested this possibility, as well as the contribution of adulthood ADHD symptom persistence, in order to clarify long-term risk in this population. Children diagnosed with ADHD and demographically-similar children without ADHD were followed longitudinally into adult...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wang FL, Pedersen SL, Devlin B, Gnagy EM, Pelham WE, Molina BSG Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Thinking about Others' Minds: Mental State Inference in Boys with Conduct Problems and Callous-Unemotional Traits.
Abstract Children with conduct problems (CP) and high levels of callous-unemotional traits (CP/HCU) have been found to have an intact ability to represent other minds, however, they behave in ways that indicate a reduced propensity to consider other people's thoughts and feelings. Here we report findings from three tasks assessing different aspects of mentalising in 81 boys aged 11-16 [Typically developing (TD) n = 27; CP/HCU n = 28; CP and low levels of callous-unemotional traits (CP/LCU) n = 26]. Participants completed the Movie Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC), a t...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Roberts R, McCrory E, Bird G, Sharp M, Roberts L, Viding E Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Parent- and Child-Factors in Specific Phobias: The Interplay of Overprotection and Negative Affectivity.
Abstract Specific phobias are among the most prevalent anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Although brief and intensive treatments are evidence-based interventions (Davis III et al. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 15, 233-256, 2019), up to one-third of youth do not show significant change in their symptoms following these interventions. Hence, consideration of additional factors influencing treatment response is necessary. Child-factors such as temperament and parent-factors such as parenting behaviors both contribute to the development of specific phobias and their maintenance over time. Specific...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Capriola-Hall NN, Booker JA, Ollendick TH Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Characterization and Prediction of Anxiety in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Longitudinal Study.
Abstract Anxiety is one of the most common comorbidities in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current study's aims were: To examine the frequency of elevated anxiety symptoms in adolescents diagnosed with ASD in toddlerhood; To explore the impact of comorbid anxiety in adolescents on clinical presentation; To evaluate variables in toddlerhood that associate with anxiety symptom severity in adolescence. The study included 61 adolescents (mean age = 13:8y) diagnosed with ASD in toddlerhood (T1). Participants underwent a comprehensive assessment of cognitive ability, adaptive skills and aut...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ben-Itzchak E, Koller J, Zachor DA Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Moderating the Risk for Attention Deficits in Children with Pre-Adoptive Adversity: The Protective Role of Shorter Duration of out of Home Placement and Children's Enhanced Error Monitoring.
Abstract Early institutional-deprivation has been found to increase risk for inattention/hyperactivity (ADHD). Notably, studies suggest that children with a history of adversity evidencing an enhanced ERP (the error-related-negativity; ERN) may be protected against attention problems. However, such protective effects of the ERN have been studied in children whom typically experienced residential instability. It is unknown whether error-monitoring is similarly protective for children with stable post-deprivation placements. The present study examined the protective effect of the ERN in a sample of children who expe...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Frenkel TI, Donzella B, Frenn KA, Rousseau S, Fox NA, Gunnar MR Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Risk Taking by Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a Behavioral and Psychophysiological Investigation of Peer Influence.
Abstract Adolescents with ADHD demonstrate increased risk-taking behavior (RTB) like substance abuse and dangerous traffic conduct. RTB in adolescence is more likely under peer influence. The current investigation (1) tests the hypothesis that adolescents with ADHD are particularly susceptible to such influence and (2) tests whether groups differed in autonomic reactivity to peer influence. Adolescent boys between 12 and 19 years with (n = 81) and without (n = 99) ADHD performed the Balloon Analogue Risk Task twice. In the peer condition, a highly credible virtual peer manipulation...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dekkers TJ, Popma A, Sonuga-Barke EJS, Oldenhof H, Bexkens A, Jansen BRJ, Huizenga HM Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Interactive Effects of Child Maltreatment and Adolescent Pregnancy on Late-Adolescent Depressive Symptoms.
Abstract Adolescent females are disproportionately at risk for depression, which is expected to represent the leading cause of disability in 2030 (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH] 2019). Although prior research has suggested that both child maltreatment and adolescent pregnancy increase the risk for depressive symptoms, less is known about how these two interact to influence depression in late adolescence. The present study tested the unique and interactive effects of adolescent pregnancy and child maltreatment on late-adolescent depressive symptomatology (N = 186) with a prospective, longi...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Russotti J, Handley ED, Rogosch FA, Toth SL, Cicchetti D Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Psychological Distress amid Change: Role Disruption in Girls during the Adolescent Transition.
Abstract The present study investigates the underlying cognitive, social, and behavioral tendencies that may explain why some girls are more likely to perceive the adolescent transition as disrupting and difficult, otherwise characterized as role disruption. It was hypothesized that individual differences in rumination, rejection sensitivity, peer problems, and pubertal status would contribute to why some girls perceived more role disruption during the transition from childhood to adolescence, and that girls who reported more role disruption would be at increased risk for subsequent depression. N = 1...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Koch MK, Mendle J, Beam C Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Executive Functioning and Activity in Children: a Multimethod Examination of Working Memory, Inhibition, and Hyperactivity.
Abstract Two primary methods of quantifying executive functioning include self- or other-reports (i.e., questionnaire-based EF) and cognitive test performance (i.e., task-based EF). Despite their lack of concordance with one another and relatively inconsistent associations with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, both approaches have been utilized in attempts to advance our understanding of the role of EF in symptoms of ADHD. The current study is the first to incorporate a direct assessment of behavior (i.e., actigraphy) to further clarify the relation between EF and hyperactivity using a mul...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Smith JN, Raiker JS, Fosco WD, Jusko ML, Campez M, Little K, Mattfeld A, Espinal K, Sanchez G, Merrill B, Musser ED, Gnagy E, Greiner A, Coles E, Pelham WE Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Callous-Unemotional Traits and Antisocial Behavior in South Korean Children: Links with Academic Motivation, School Engagement, and Teachers' Use of Reward and Discipline.
Abstract Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have been associated with atypical responses to reward and punishment cues, with evidence suggesting that such traits may shape caregiver use of reward and punishment practices over time. To date, research has predominantly focused on parental rewards and discipline, with far less attention paid to teacher behavior management strategies. The first aim of the current study was to investigate the potential moderating effect of CU traits on the relationship between teacher classroom management strategies (rewards and discipline) and two important school-related outcomes: stude...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hwang S, Waller R, Hawes DJ, Allen JL Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Neurocognitive Correlates of Rumination Risk in Children: Comparing Competing Model Predictions in a Clinically Heterogeneous Sample.
This study aimed to (a) extend current conceptual models of rumination to youth, (b) clarify disparate model predictions regarding working memory updating ("updating"), inhibition, and shifting abilities, and (c) examine differential neurocognitive predictions between two forms of rumination, sadness and anger. One hundred and fifty-nine youths oversampled for ADHD and other forms of child psychopathology associated with executive dysfunction (aged 8-13; 53.5% male; 59.1% Caucasian) completed a battery of assessments, including self-report measures of rumination and computerized neurocognitive tasks. Multiple reg...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Harmon SL, Kistner JA, Kofler MJ Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Internet-Delivered Parent Training for Preschoolers with Conduct Problems: Do Callous-Unemotional Traits Moderate Efficacy and Engagement?
Abstract Recent efforts to improve access to evidence-based parent training programs using online delivery have largely neglected findings that young children with callous-unemotional (CU)-type conduct problems receive less benefit from parent training than children with conduct problems alone. The current study aimed to examine the moderating effect of child CU traits on efficacy and engagement outcomes associated with Internet-delivered Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (iPCIT) versus standard, clinic-based PCIT. Forty families (57.6% non-Hispanic Caucasian) with a 3-5 year-old (M = 3.95 y...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Fleming GE, Kimonis ER, Furr JM, Comer JS Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Empathic Accuracy in Female Adolescents with Conduct Disorder and Sex Differences in the Relationship Between Conduct Disorder and Empathy.
Abstract Research on empathy in youth with Conduct Disorder (CD) has primarily focused on males, with the few studies that have investigated empathy in females relying on questionnaire measures. Our primary aim was to investigate whether females with CD show empathy deficits when using a more ecologically-valid task. We used an empathic accuracy (EA) paradigm that involved watching videos of actors recalling emotional experiences and providing continuous ratings of emotional intensity (assessing EA), naming the emotion expressed (emotion recognition), and reporting whether they shared the emotion expressed (affect...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martin-Key NA, Allison G, Fairchild G Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Comorbid anxiety and irritability symptoms and their association with cognitive functioning in children with ADHD.
This study aims to investigate whether irritability and anxiety are uniquely associated with performance on measures of cognitive functioning in children with ADHD and whether these associations hold when accounting for confounding variables. Baseline data was used from a randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety in children with ADHD (N = 219, 8-13 years). Anxiety was assessed using the child- and parent-reported Spence Children's Anxiety Scale, while irritability was assessed using the parent-reported Affective Reactivity Index. Children completed the National Institutes ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Read N, Mulraney M, McGillivray J, Sciberras E Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Lived Experiences of Diagnostic Shifts in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Contexts: a Qualitative Interview Study with Young People and Parents.
Abstract Psychiatric diagnoses are important resources in helping young people and families make sense of emotional or behavioural difficulties. However, the poor reliability of diagnoses in childhood means many young service-users experience their diagnosis being removed, revised or supplemented over time. No previous research has investigated how young service-users experience, understand or respond to alteration of their original diagnosis. The current study adopted a qualitative approach to explore the lived experience of diagnostic shifts in youth mental health contexts. Narrative interviews were conducted wi...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: O'Connor C, McNicholas F Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Attentional Bias for Cues Signaling Punishment and Reward in Adolescents: Cross-Sectional and Prognostic Associations with Symptoms of Anxiety and Behavioral Disorders.
Abstract Heightened reward sensitivity has been proposed as a risk factor for developing behavioral disorders whereas heightened punishment sensitivity has been related to the development of anxiety disorders in youth. Combining a cross-sectional (n = 696, mean age = 16.14) and prospective (n = 598, mean age = 20.20) approach, this study tested the hypotheses that an attentional bias for punishing cues is involved in the development of anxiety disorders and an attentional bias for rewarding cues in the development of behavioral disorders. A spatial orientatio...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kreuze LJ, Jonker NC, Hartman CA, Nauta MH, de Jong PJ Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Clarifying ADHD and Sluggish Cognitive Tempo Item Relations with Impairment: A Network Analysis.
Abstract Despite the pervasive nature of various forms of impairment associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the precise nature of their associations with ADHD and related sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT), particularly at the heterogeneous item level, remains ambiguous. Using innovative network analysis techniques, we sought to identify and examine the concurrent validity of ADHD and SCT bridge items (i.e., those demonstrating the most robust relations with various forms of impairment) with respect to Overall, Home-School, and Community-Leisure impairment domains. Parents of a nationally rep...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Goh PK, Martel MM, Barkley RA Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Emotion Regulation among Children in Foster Care Versus Birth Parent Care: Differential Effects of an Early Home-Visiting Intervention.
Abstract Children involved with Child Protective Services (CPS) often show worse emotion regulation than non-involved children, with downstream effects on adaptive functioning. The current study uses two randomized control trials, one conducted with foster caregivers and one conducted with birth parents, to investigate the longitudinal effects of caregiver type (foster versus birth parent) and a home-visiting parenting intervention on emotion regulation among young children referred to CPS. Participants were 211 children referred to CPS during infancy or toddlerhood, of whom 120 remained with their birth parents a...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Labella MH, Lind T, Sellers T, Roben CKP, Dozier M Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Promises and Pitfalls of Latent Variable Approaches to Understanding Psychopathology: Reply to Burke and Johnston, Eid, Jungh änel and Colleagues, and Willoughby.
Promises and Pitfalls of Latent Variable Approaches to Understanding Psychopathology: Reply to Burke and Johnston, Eid, Junghänel and Colleagues, and Willoughby. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2020 May 16;: Authors: Burns GL, Geiser C, Servera M, Becker SP, Beauchaine TP Abstract The commentaries by Burke and Johnston (this issue), Eid (this issue), Junghänel et al. (this issue), and Willoughby (this issue) on Burns et al. (this issue) provide useful context for comparing three latent variable modeling approaches to understanding psychopathology-the correlated first-order syndrome-specific factors ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Burns GL, Geiser C, Servera M, Becker SP, Beauchaine TP Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Reparative Prosocial Behavior Difficulties across Childhood Predict Poorer Social Functioning and Depression in Adolescence.
This study used established developmental trajectories of reparative behaviors that span preschool through early adolescence (low-stable, moderate-stable, and high-stable) to predict social and psychological outcomes in adolescence (N = 129). Membership in trajectories characterized by lower levels of reparative behaviors predicted greater social rejection, social withdrawal, aggression, and symptoms of depression in adolescence, even when controlling for baseline levels of each outcome. Membership in the low-stable reparative trajectory also significantly mediated the relationship between high levels of guil...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Donohue MR, Tillman R, Luby J Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Prematurity and Maladaptive Mealtime Dynamics: the Roles of Maternal Emotional Distress, Eating-Related Cognitions, and Mind-Mindedness.
This study examined the roles of maternal cognitions in the link between prematurity, emotional distress and mother-infant maladaptive mealtime dynamics in a sample of 134 families (70 preterm, low medical risk; 64 full-term) followed longitudinally. Specifically, maternal cognitions related to eating and health (perception of child vulnerability and concerns about child's eating) and understanding of mental states (interactional mind-mindedness) were considered. A multiple-mediators model was tested, controlling for infants' weight and breastfeeding history. Although prematurity did not directly predict mealtime dynamics,...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Yatziv T, Gueron-Sela N, Meiri G, Marks K, Atzaba-Poria N Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Moderators of School Intervention Outcomes for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract A prior cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared outcomes for a comprehensive school intervention (schoolMAX) to typical educational programming (services-as-usual [SAU]) for 103 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without intellectual disability. The schoolMAX intervention was superior to SAU in improving social-cognitive understanding (emotion-recognition), social/social-communication skills, and ASD-related impairment (symptoms). In the current study, a range of demographic, clinical, and school variables were tested as potential moderators of treatment outcomes from the prior RCT. M...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lopata C, Donnelly JP, Thomeer ML, Rodgers JD, Lodi-Smith J, Booth AJ, Volker MA Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

From Impulse to Action? Cognitive Mechanisms of Impulsivity-Related Risk for Externalizing Behavior.
This study sought to adapt the bioSocial Cognitive Theory (bSCT) of impulsivity and substance use (an externalizing behavior) for externalizing behavior in general. It was predicted that only the component of impulsivity characterized by lack of forethought (rash impulsiveness; RI) would be associated with (non-substance use-related) externalizing behaviors, not reward sensitivity/drive. Further, this association would be mediated by negative automatic thoughts. Participants were 404 (226 female, 63%) adolescents from 6 high schools across South-East Queensland (age = 13-17 years, mean age =&thins...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Revill AS, Patton KA, Connor JP, Sheffield J, Wood AP, Castellanos-Ryan N, Gullo MJ Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Correction to: Coercive Parenting Mediates the Relationship between Military Fathers' Emotion Regulation and children's Adjustment.
Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. PMID: 32335788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology)
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zhang J, Palmer A, Zhang N, Gewirtz AH Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Physiological Correlates of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo in Children: Examining Autonomic Nervous System Reactivity during Social and Cognitive Stressor Tasks.
This study provides the first evidence that SCT symptoms are associated with sympathetic nervous system reactivity. These findings suggest that SCT symptoms may be associated with greater behavioral inhibition system activation, and reactivity may be especially pronounced in social challenges. PMID: 32328864 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology)
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Becker SP, McQuade JD Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Daily Mood Reactivity to Stress during Childhood Predicts Internalizing Problems Three Years Later.
This study examined individual differences in mood reactivity to naturally occurring school problems using daily diaries, and assessed their prospective associations with youth mental health, three years later. At baseline, 47 children ages 8 to 13 years described common problems at school and mood on a daily basis, for 8 weeks. Thirty-three youth returned for follow-up three years later at ages 11 to 17 years. Children and parents also completed one-time questionnaires about youth mental health at baseline and follow-up. There were individual differences in the within-person associations between school prob...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bai S, Robles TF, Reynolds BM, Repetti RL Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Parental Presence Impacts a Neural Correlate of Anxiety (the Late Positive Potential) in 5-7 Year Old Children: Interactions with Parental Sensitivity to Child Anxiety.
Abstract Anxiety disorders tend to onset early in development and often result in chronic impairment across the lifespan. Thus, there is substantial interest in identifying early neural markers of anxiety and leveraging these markers to better understand processes leading to anxiety. The late positive potential (i.e., LPP) indexes sustained attention to motivationally relevant stimuli; and the LPP to negative images is increased in individuals with anxiety. In the current study, we examined how parental presence impacts the LPP to threatening images in children (52.6% male) between 5 and 7 years-old (N&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Day TN, Chong LJ, Meyer A Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Sad Dads and Troubled Tots: Protective Factors Related to the Stability of Paternal Depression and Early Childhood Internalizing Problems.
Abstract The present study tested the moderating role of interparental relationship quality and child inhibitory control on the stability of paternal depression over time and associations between paternal depression and child internalizing problems in early childhood. Participants were a subsample (n = 166) of families from the Early Steps Multisite study, a longitudinal study of low-income parents and children. Interparental relationship quality (age 2) attenuated the association between paternal depressive symptoms at age 2 and paternal depressive symptoms at age 3. Both interparental relationship ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Taraban L, Feldman JS, Wilson MN, Dishion TJ, Shaw DS Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

U.S. Child Behavioral Health Quality Measures: Advancing a National Research Agenda.
Abstract This paper is based on the keynote presentation for the biennial meeting of the International Society for Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology (ISRCAP) in Los Angeles, California. The topic was purposively selected to raise awareness of how the measurement of child behavioral health care quality at the national level, and corresponding standards for reliability and clinical validity, substantially differ from those traditionally applied to the measurement of child psychopathology. Under a federal mandate, an initial Core Set of quality measures for children was created for voluntary reporting ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zima BT Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

The Bifactor S-1 Model: a Psychometrically Sounder Alternative to Test the Structure of ADHD and ODD?
Abstract Questions persist about whether attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder are in fact distinct from one another. When such questions arise, ODD is often suggested to be subsumed under one or the other condition. Modeling approaches that can evaluate whether specific subfactors can be distinguished from general psychopathology are of great interest, and the general bifactor model has been increasingly applied in studies evaluating the structure of psychopathology. However, evidence for bias in the model, the frequency of anomalous indicators,...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Burke JD, Johnston OG Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Affective Prosody Perception and the Relation to Social Competence in Autistic and Typically Developing  Children.
This study used non-verbal emotional voice-clips to examine the ability of autistic and typically-developing children (7-13 years old) to extract affect from changes in prosody. This research also explored whether difficulty extracting affective intent from changes in prosody may be related to social competence. Autistic (n = 26) and typically-developing (n = 26) children accurately matched emotional voice-clips to emotion words, suggesting autistic children can accurately extract the affective meaning conveyed by changes in prosody. Autistic children were less accurate at matching ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Scheerer NE, Shafai F, Stevenson RA, Iarocci G Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Co-Rumination Moderates the Relation between Emotional Competencies and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents: a Longitudinal Examination.
Abstract Research suggests co-rumination during adolescence has developmental tradeoffs that result in elevated self-disclosure and intimacy between friends but also can be associated with increases in depression (Rose et al. 2007; Rose 2002). The current study further examined this paradox by assessing the role of emotional competencies in co-rumination as they predict depressive symptoms over a 2-year period. We tested whether co-rumination moderated the relation between emotional awareness and emotion regulation and depressive symptoms in reciprocated best friend dyads. At Time 1, 202 adolescents (101 same-sex ...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Miller ME, Borowski S, Zeman JL Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Applying the Bifactor S-1 Model to Ratings of ADHD/ODD Symptoms: A Commentary on Burns et al. (2019)  and a Re-Analysis.
Applying the Bifactor S-1 Model to Ratings of ADHD/ODD Symptoms: A Commentary on Burns et al. (2019) and a Re-Analysis. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2020 Mar 31;: Authors: Junghänel M, Rodenacker K, Dose C, Döpfner M Abstract To examine the construct validity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), the bifactor S-1 approach has been applied as an alternative to the fully symmetrical bifactor models in order to eliminate anomalous results and to allow for an unambiguous interpretation of g- and s-factors. We compared and contrasted our resul...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Junghänel M, Rodenacker K, Dose C, Döpfner M Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Associations between Recent and Cumulative Cannabis Use and Internalizing Problems in Boys from Adolescence to Young Adulthood.
This study tested whether increases in recent and cumulative cannabis use were each associated with increases in internalizing problems from adolescence to young adulthood. Participants were boys from a community sample that was assessed annually from ~age 15-26 (N = 506). Boys reported on their cannabis use, depression symptoms, and anxiety/depression problems each year. Exposures were frequency of cannabis use in a given year (no use,
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Meier MH, Beardslee J, Pardini D Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Temperament and Symptom Pathways to the Development of Adolescent Depression.
This study examined the associations between internalizing and externalizing symptoms during early adolescence and the subsequent development of Major Depressive Disorder. The role that temperament plays in predisposing individuals to these particular pathways was also examined. Temperament at approximately age 12 was used to produce a risk-enriched subsample of 243 (124 female) participants. Data was collected in four waves over 6-7 years roughly corresponding to ages 13, 15, 17 and 19. Participants were excluded from the study, prior to the first wave, based on current or prior depressive, substance-use, or eating d...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dolcini-Catania LG, Byrne ML, Whittle S, Schwartz O, Simmons JG, Allen NB Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Co-Occurring Trajectories of Depression and Social Anxiety in Childhood and Adolescence: Interactive Effects of Positive Emotionality and Domains of Chronic Interpersonal Stress.
Abstract Deficits in positive emotionality (PE) have been implicated in the etiology of both social anxiety and depression; however, factors that contribute to divergent social anxiety and depression outcomes among youth low in PE remain unknown. Extant research suggests that parent-child stress and peer stress demonstrate differential patterns of associations with social anxiety and depression. Thus, the present study examined prospective interactive effects of PE and chronic parent-child and peer stress on simultaneously developing trajectories of social anxiety and depression symptoms among 543 boys and girls (...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Griffith JM, Long EE, Young JF, Hankin BL Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Associations Between Callous-Unemotional Traits and Peer-Rated Social-Behavioral Outcomes in Elementary and Middle School.
Abstract There is strong evidence that peers are of central importance to children's and adolescents' social and emotional adaptation and success in school. However, it remains an open question as to whether callous-unemotional (CU) traits, or interpersonal and affective deficits that pose risk for antisocial behaviors and psychopathy, are related to social-behavioral outcomes as assessed by those who are believed to have the most accurate perspectives on such outcomes - young adolescents' peers. Using data from a longitudinal and multi-method study of peer relations (N = 379, % female =&thins...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wagner NJ, Bowker JC, Rubin KH Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Placental Gene Expression and Offspring Temperament Trajectories: Predicting Negative Affect in Early Childhood.
Abstract Exposure to prenatal stress increases offspring risk for long-term neurobehavioral impairments and psychopathology, such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Epigenetic regulation of glucocorticoid pathway genes may be a potential underlying mechanism by which maternal conditions 'program' the fetal brain for downstream vulnerabilities. The present study aims to investigate whether mRNA expression of glucocorticoid pathway genes in the placenta predict offspring negative affect during early childhood (between 6 and 24 months). Participants include 318 mother-child dyads participating i...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - March 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Finik J, Buthmann J, Zhang W, Go K, Nomura Y Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research