Primary Tuberculous Mastitis: The First Report From Syria
ConclusionTuberculous mastitis is extremely rare variant of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. However, it should be kept in the mind of physicians and pathologists while approaching a breast mass, especially in endemic area. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 15, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Foreign Body Aspiration in A Rare Tracheal Anomaly: A Case Report
ConclusionKnowledge about tracheal bronchus is of great importance to the otolaryngologist and anesthetist to maintain the airway. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 15, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Gastro-Ileal Anastomosis Bypass – Exploring for an Expanding Surgical Treatment for Diabetes in Patients with Low Body Mass Index: Case Series
ConclusionsGIA-B could be an alternative metabolic surgery for low-BMI diabetic patients, further studies are needed to explore this procedure. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

An unusual case of extensive contiguous cervicothoracic spinal tuberculosis involving fourteen damaged segments: A case report
ConclusionsOur report demonstrates one of the longest involvement of extensive contiguous CTSTB who was treated with one-stage posterior-only approach. However, as this is only a report of one case, further studies are required to investigate the safety and efficacy of such approach for treating extensive CTSTB. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A successful surgical treatment of A Closed rupture of Flexor Digitorum Superficialis In Surgeon’s Hand. A Case Report And Review Of Literature
ConclusionA review of the literature identified only few cases of closed avulsion of FDS tendons nonpathologically. Early diagnosis and intervention can prevent sequel of flexion contracture. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Bronchial intraepithelial recurrence of a pulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma
ConclusionsClinicians should be aware of this unique form of recurrence in patients with large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lungs. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Treatment of an intraarticular comminuted fracture of the base of the proximal phalanx in a ring finger using the Ichi-Fixator external fixator system: A case report
ConclusionA comminuted intra-articular fracture of the base of the proximal phalanx was treated successfully using the Ichi-Fixator system. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Hemothorax resulting from an initially masked aortic perforation caused by penetration of the sharp edge of a fractured rib: A case report
ConclusionThis case suggests that even if great vessel injury is not detected on contrast CT at admission, it should always be considered especially in a hemothorax case with multiple rib fractures. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Mixed Squamous Cell and Glandular Papilloma of the Lung―A case report and literature review in Japan
ConclusionWe present a rare case of mixed squamous cell and glandular papilloma (MSGP) of the lung and review the literature in Japan. Limited resection that preserves pulmonary function, while ensuring complete resection, is desirable. Further investigations with new cases are required. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Pericallosal artery aneurysm in a Nigerian – Case report, literature review and management outcome
ConclusionSurgical clipping remains a safe and useful treatment option for pericallosal artery aneurysms in a low-resource neurosurgical facility. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

An obese patient with acute cholecystitis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and cirrhosis: A case report
ConclusionLaparoscopic cholecystostomy was effective in this obese patient with acute cholecystitis and NASH cirrhosis. Using a low-carbohydrate diet with exercise, her weight decreased, and subsequent open cholecystectomy was uneventful. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Intussusception of the vermiform appendix caused by mucinous tumor of the appendix: Case report
ConclusionSurgery is the main form of treatment as most of the cases are diagnosed during surgery, the operation type may include appendicectomy or more extensive surgery is required such as right hemicolectomy depending on the cause. Surgery can be performed laparoscopically. Trials of colonoscopic reduction are not recommended. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Stump Appendicitis, a case report and a review of the literature. Is it as uncommon as it is thought?
We present a case and review 132 cases of SA reported in the literature. Demographic and clinical characteristics were evaluated, as well as details of the surgical treatment. Categorical variables are presented as quantities and proportions, and continuous variables with median and interquartile range. Additionally, we calculate an incidence from 3 papers reported in the literature and our own.ResultsWe analyzed 132 cases, 60.3% were male with a median age at SA of 33 years. There was a wide range time interval between the episode of AA and SA from 1 day to 60 years. Initial open appendectomy was reported in 62 cases. Fro...
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 12, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Robotic-assisted complete mesocolic excision, central vascular ligation and para-aortic lymph node dissection in multifocal carcinoid: A case report and technical description
ConclusionThe robotic approach provides a safe and effective technique for undertaking surgical resection of small bowel neuroendocrine tumour as well as complete mesocolic excision of lymph nodes. With a change in port positions, a robotic approach can be utilised for CME/CVL as well as retroperitoneal node dissection. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 12, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Hydatid cyst of thyroid gland, a rare case report with a literature review
ConclusionHydatid disease of thyroid gland is an extremely rare condition. The main presenting symptom is swelling. Operation under general anesthesia is the only modality of treatment. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 12, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Splenic lymphangioma in adulthood: a case report
ConclusionSurgical removal of splenic lymphangiomas may be necessary to relieve symptoms, prevent complications and confirm diagnosis (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 12, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The infected hematometra in a rudimentary noncommunicating horn misdiagnosed as pelvic mass: A case report
ConclusionThe early and correct diagnosis of the Müllerian anomaly remains difficult but essential as misdiagnosis can be associated with serious complications in patients. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 12, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Brain Metastasis from Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of The Prostate: A Case report and Literature review
ConclusionThis case report describes a brain metastasis of a rare aggressive type of prostate cancer with poor prognosis. With metastatic lesions of prostatic adenocarcinoma, the probability of NE transdifferentiation increases. LCNEC has a poor prognosis attributed to its nature and late diagnosis. Thus, reporting and investigating such tumor will positively contribute to better management for future patients (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 12, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Thoraco-abdominal impalement injury with two construction iron bars – A rare case report
ConclusionPenetrating abdomino-thoracic injuries demand immediate life-saving measures, appropriate resuscitative care, urgent shifting of patient to tertiary care center, prompt diagnosis and immediate surgical intervention. Regulation of safety rules at construction site and early intervention in case of accidents can improve the patient outcome and minimize mortality. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

An Unusual Cause of Small Bowel Perforation: A Metastatic Lesion from Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Tongue
ConclusionMetastatic lesions from tongue carcinoma found in the vicinity of the small bowel represent a terminal stage with a dismal prognosis, and when these lesions present clinically with a complicated course, the survival rate is decreased significantly. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Unorthodox Cause of Urinary Leak post Radical Prostatectomy: Catheter Balloon within a Bladder Diverticulum – Case Report and highlights on various methods to overcome leaks
ConclusionUrethrovesical anastomotic leaks are commonly seen after radical prostatectomy. Although most cases are self-limited; others can be managed by various minimally-invasive procedures, diverting urine away from the anastomosis, giving it a chance to properly heal. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A report of two infant cases operated for jejunal duplication cyst associated with malrotation and volvulus
ConclusionThe concomitance of EDC and intestinal malrotation is extremely rare and should be kept in mind in a child presenting with bilious vomiting especially in a child preoperatively diagnosed with a duplication cyst. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The “numb chin syndrome”: a case report
ConclusionsThis case promotes the importance of considering sinister pathology when presented with sudden, altered sensation to the chin and lips. The “numb chin syndrome” should always raise the suspicion of primary or metastatic disease to the mandible. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Necrobiotic granulomas of the bowel accompanying 3-year postsurgical recurrence of colon cancer: A case report
ConclusionGranulomas with “active” necrobiosis can occur as late as 3 years after colon cancer surgery and can be a diagnostic pitfall that significantly affects the management. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

BIFURCATED RIB WITH VERTEBRAL DEFECTS - A RARE ANATOMICAL VARIANT: Case Report with Literature Review
ConclusionWith barely any data on significance of bifid rib with vertebral defects and no conclusive exclusion of Gorlin Syndrome, close monitoring coupled with regular follow-ups in such patients is the likely plan of treatment. In addition, genetic testing for susceptible genes should be strongly considered. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Giant phytobezoar; an unusual cause of gastric outlet obstruction: a case report with literature review
ConclusionGOO caused by phytobezoar can occur in patients without history of previous gastric surgery or diabetes mellitus. Urgent laparotomy may be indicated. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Fournier’s Gangrene in a Rectal Cancer Patient
ConclusionPrompt clinical diagnosis and urgent surgical management are crucial for patient’s favorable outcome. The patient in our case study could be recovered by a combined modality therapy we provided. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Successful Surgical Management of Post Penetrating or Deep Lamellar Keratoplasty Acquired Corneal Subepithelial Hypertrophy (ACSH): A case series
ConclusionCareful clinical judgement guided by corneal topography are needed for proper the diagnosis of acquired corneal opacification that results in reduction of vision to identify ACSH from other similar conditions (PHSCD and SND). Peeling of the thickened epithelial and sub-epithelial tissue is curative avoiding the need for corneal re-grafting. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Usefulness of Bilateral Plate Fixation for Periprosthetic Distal Femur Fracture after Total Knee Arthroplasty
CONCLUSIONBilateral plate fixation through additional medial parapatella approach is useful method for obtaining secure fixation to poor bone quality or extremely distal femoral periprosthetic fracture. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Infected hepatic cyst following pancreatoduodenectomy treated with transhepatic drainage and minocycline hydrochloride injection: A case report
ConclusionTranshepatic drainage, rather than antibiotic administration, is essential, and minocycline hydrochloride injection into infected cyst that have no evidence of communication with the biliary tree is effective in preventing infection recurrence, without the complication of bile duct stenosis. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Rathke’s Cleft Cyst Presentation Mimicking Craniopharyngioma: Case Report
ConclusionGiven the mixed solid and cystic nature of CPs, it is possible to confuse it with RCC and vice versa. The presented case highlights that Rathke’s cyst may be challenging in terms of pre-operative diagnosis, peri-surgical management and histopathological examination. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Novel laparoscopic methods for inguinal hernia post pelvic fracture: A case report
ConclusionsLaparoscopic surgery is useful in flexibility of surgical options, such as TAPP, IPTR, IPOM, in addition to hybrid conversion. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Adrenocorticotropic hormone-producing pheochromocytoma: a case report
ConclusionACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome, caused by a pheochromocytoma is extremely rare, but should be considered as a possible source for ACTH production. The diagnostic challenges of this condition can be met with confidence when a strict search protocol is conducted for detection of ACTH source. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

An Enterocutaneous Fistula Occurring 10 Years After An Open Umbilical Hernia Repair With placement of an Onlay Polypropylene Mesh: A Case Report
ConclusionThe case highlights a rare but serious complication associated with a ventral hernia repair. It also addresses key aspects with regards to the possible mechanisms involved in the occurrence of an enterocutaneous fistula following a hernia repair with the use of a synthetic mesh. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Recurrent volar dislocation of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb with radial collateral ligament injury: A case report
ConclusionFor a volar dislocation of the MCP joint of the thumb with RCL injury, it is important not only to repair the RCL, but also to perform arthroplasty with the extensor tendons and a volar procedure to prevent recurrent dislocation after surgery. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Stump appendicitis occurred two and half years after first laparoscopic appendectomy for perforated appendicitis with abscess: A report of a case
ConclusionIt is crucial to understand the correct management of perforated appendicitis with abscess to avoid serious complications. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Neurophysiologic monitoring for treatment of upper lumbar disc herniation with percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy: A case report on the significance of an increase in the amplitude of motor evoked potential responses after decompression and literature review
CONCLUSIONWe conclude an immediate increase in amplitude of MEP after decompression can be considered as an improvement of the treated levels. IONM can not only be used to prevent the risk of neurological injury in PELD for HIVD, but also be helpful to surgeon to judge the efficacy of decompression via an immediate increase in amplitude of intraoperative MEP. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Typical Leiomyoma of the Scrotum: A Rare Case Report
ConclusionScrotal leiomyoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of the middle-aged men. The current report describes the clinical and histopathological characteristics to help reduce erroneous diagnoses of this rare tumor. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder
ConclusionAndrogen Insensitivity Syndrome requires expert and sympathetic handling. Close collaboration between surgeon, gynaecologist and psychologist is essential for proper management of complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Middle Ear Odontoma: A Case Report and Review of The Literature
ConclusionIn five of the six cases mentioned in the English-language literature (including this paper), odontomas occurred in the first decade of life, with an obvious female predilection. In one case, odontoma occurred in the third decade of life. Although odontoma is marked by its frequently benign origin, the absence of symptoms, and the necessity of surgical intervention, further studies are needed to analyse the different clinical pictures, and to allow these to add to what is currently known. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

An unusual case of leg wound made by a Sea Shell (Scapharca inaequivalis)
ConclusionsThrough this article we want to draw attention to the puncture wounds and cuts caused by sea shells. The particuliarity lies in the fact that the sea shells injuries can be made both in water and on the sand. One main concern with cuts on the feet is risk of infection, especially with diabetic patients. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Periorbital squamous cell carcinoma with simultaneous adenocarcinoma in the right orbit
ConclusionTo our knowledge this is the first case report documenting a poorly differentiated cSCC and a synchronous adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal gland. Our case report raises the awareness of the possibility of patients with synchronous tumours and is a valuable addition to the literature. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for giant gall stone: report of two cases
ConclusionGiant gall stone is a rare condition. It is not an absolute indication for open cholecystectomy. Laparoscopy can be a very useful method of treatment in experienced hands. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia as a late complication of laparoscopic excisional biopsy of peritoneal nodules: A case report
ConclusionSurgeons performing laparoscopic excisional biopsy of the diaphragmatic peritoneum should consider the potential risk for iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernias. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A rare case of Meckel’s diverticulum causing small bowel obstruction in a 50-year-old man
ConclusionThe complications of Meckel’s diverticulum should be considered by the treating clinician in the differential diagnosis of small bowel obstruction. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 6, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Thyroid papillary carcinoma with an insular component metastasizing to the sella turcica and sphenoid sinus: Case report
ConclusionManagement of such uncommon cases remains challenging and should take in consideration evidence based guidelines, prognostic factors, disease progression path and treatment morbidity. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 6, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Robotic complete mesocolic excision using indocyanine fluorescence imaging in colorectal cancer: A case study and technical approach
ConclusionWhile there is still limited evidence to support ICG FI, the current body of literature suggests that it is likely to be a feasible and sensitive technique for guiding sentinel lymph node sampling in colorectal cancer. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 6, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

An unusual appearance of a serous ovarian cyst coexisting with endometriosis: A case report
ConclusionThe mural fibrosis seen in the cystic wall reflects unrecognized ovarian stromal fibrosis induced by the fibrogenic effects of endometriosis. This process may play a potential role in provoking infertility in patients with endometriosis, and could be reversed by administrating the LH-inhibiting regimens. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 6, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Benign phyllodes tumor with hemorrhagic cyst in a 14-year-old girl: A case report
ConclusionDue to the rarity of the condition in children and adolescents, an individualized, case-based approach is recommended. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 6, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Hydatid disease of proximal femur treated Using a mega prosthesis: a case report
ConclusionBone hydatidosis must be suspected and explored in front of any lytic image on radiography because it may simulate some bone tumour. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 6, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research