Accessory right V6 behind the bronchus intermedius during VATS right upper lobectomy
CONCLUSIONA careful dissection during pulmonary resections can help to recognize variations of the pulmonary veins, avoiding unexpected intraoperative complications. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 20, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Antenatal diagnosis of non-rotation of the small bowel has not been widely reported in the literature
ConclusionIt is important to be informed of the embryological variants of isomerism and actively seek antenatal evidence of bowel non-rotation in such cases. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 20, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Situs inversus abdominalis, polysplenia, complex jejunal atresia and malrotation in a neonate: a rare association
ConclusionsThe association of situs inversus, polysplenia and complex jejunal atresia is very rare. Pre-operative diagnosis of situs inversus is important for appropriate incision placement and surgical planning. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 20, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

An omental mass. Any idea?
ConclusionThe treatment of pseudomyxoma differs substantially depending on whether it is intraperitoneal or extraperitoneal. The risk of recurrence is such that follow-up, based on a physical examination, CT scan and serum markers, is essential. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 16, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation (SANT) of spleen mimicking a splenic abscess: case report and review of the literature
ConclusionThe patient was treated with splenectomy, which has proved to be both diagnostic and therapeutic. Although histology can lead to the diagnosis of vascular tumor, immunohistochemistry is the only way to confirm the diagnosis. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 16, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Inflammatory hepatocellular adenoma in a patient with Turner’s syndrome: a case report
CONCLUSIONWith the use of the contraceptive pill as a long-term female hormone replacement therapy for Turner’s syndrome, careful attention is required for HCA. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 16, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Costal chondrosarcoma mimicking a breast cancer: Case Report and Review of Literature
ConclusionEn-bloc resection with appropriate margins and thanks to the evolution of reconstructive surgical techniques used to ensure preservation of respiratory mechanics. All this procedure represents the cornerstone and the only curative option. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 16, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Transhiatal esophagectomy with gastric pull-up, pyloric exclusion and Roux-en-Y gastroenterostomy for the management of esophageal caustic injury
ConclusionThe proposed surgery is an option when dealing with similar cases, where endoscopic dilatation is not an option, and there is an associated pyloric stenosis. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Synchronous gallbladder adenocarcinoma and gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor: case report and literature review
CONCLUSIONSimultaneous occurrence of gastric GIST and gallbladder adenocarcinoma has not been reported before and, thus, any information about it may help in the management of those patients. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the pancreas—A case report
CONCLUSIONMalignant pancreatic nerve sheath tumours are very rare to be found, but have very poor prognosis, hence in cases of pancreatic tumour its better to keep the diagnosis of nerve sheath tumour also a differential diagnosis. In conclusion pancreatic tumours are to be identified at the earliest and surgery should be done for those cases (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Giant bullous emphysema mistaken for traumatic pneumothorax
ConclusionGiant bullous emphysema can represent a pitfall in trauma assessment. We recommend that in cases where pneumothorax is suspected, if the patient is clinically stable, imaging studies should be performed prior to chest tube placement. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Uncommon site of metastasis from Renal Cell Carcinoma: Case Report
ConclusionGallbladder is an unusual site of RCC metastasis. In patients with history of this disease, all vesicular lesions should be given attention, even where the primary tumor has been treated many years before. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 14, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Anastomotic leakage with abscess: neglected severe complication of bariatric surgery for obesity: a case report
ConclusionEssential nutritional support, longer post-operative hospital stay and strict follow-up are necessary to minimize this complication. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 13, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A spontaneous mesenteric hematoma with a fistula between the transverse colon resected by laparoscopic surgery: A case report
ConclusionsThis is the first case of a spontaneous mesenteric hematoma with a fistula to the colon resected safely by laparoscopic surgery. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 13, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Acute cholecystitis secondary to dog bite
ConclusionWe strongly advocate blood cultures in patients who present with abdominal pain and sepsis, particularly when they have a recent history of animal bite. In cases of cholecystitis secondary to C. canimorsus it may be necessary to monitor the patient’s progress more closely and treat with prolonged targeted antibiotic therapy. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 13, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Removal of Gastric Balloon after Failure of Endoscopic Retrieval
ConclusionLaparoscopic extraction of the gastric balloon is a safe and feasible option in the management of difficult endoscopic retrieval. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 11, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Intestinal intussusception related to colonic pedunculated lipoma: A case report and review of the literature
CONCLUSIONAlthough rare, colonic lipoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis among the causes of large intestinal intussusception in adults. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 11, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Mediastinal, retroperitoneal, and subcutaneous emphysema due to sigmoid colon penetration: A case report and literature review
ConclusionsMassive mediastinal and retroperitoneum emphysema are rare signs of colonic perforation. Emergency laparotomy should be considered in colonic penetration of the diverticulitis where the emphysema expands to the mediastinum extensively. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 11, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Revised Management of Advanced Primary Colon Cancer: Case Series of 2 Patients
ConclusionsTwo patients who had an approximately 50% possibility of long-term survival with optimal preoperative evaluation and expert surgical resection techniques may have been converted to a greatly reduced survival because of tumor dissemination and positive margins of resection at the time of primary cancer resection. Neither patient was evaluated by an MDT preoperatively. It is possible that these two patients entered the operating room with a contained malignancy but as result of suboptimal pre- and intraoperative management left the operating room with disseminated intraperitoneal disease. (Source: International Jo...
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 11, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A rare case of transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome following living donor liver transplantation: A case report and literature review
ConclusionTransient LV-ABS is one cause of cardiac dysfunction after LDLT, and it is important to strictly manage cardiac function when diagnosed as transient LV-ABS. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 11, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Intra- abdominal sepsis from a perforated duodenal ulcer—Management of a difficult surgical abdomen
ConclusionIntra-abdominal sepsis management of patient in an intensive care unit set-up with adequate surgery, open abdomen treatment and antibiotics given based on blood culture and sensitivity results enables successful management of difficult surgical abdomens. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 9, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: 2019Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, Volume 54Author(s): (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 9, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Thank you to Reviewers for 2018
Publication date: 2019Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, Volume 54Author(s): (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 9, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Rupture of an unsuspected ectopic pregnancy following a hysterosalpingography—A case report
ConclusionWhile pre-procedural pregnancy test should not be performed for all, a high index of suspicion for early pregnancy should be maintained as undetected ectopic and heterotopic pregnancies could lead to serious complications once the HSG is done. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 9, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Advanced gastric cancer with features of a submucosal tumor diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration and boring biopsy preoperatively: a case report and literature review
CONCLUSIONWe report a rare case of GCSMT with lymph node metastasis. Preoperative diagnosis of GCSMT is necessary to guide surgical management. EUS-FNA and boring biopsy could aid in obtaining adequate quantities of the specimens for histopathological and immunohistochemical diagnosis. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 9, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Coexisting DCIS and Phyllodes Breast Tumors in Young Chinese Women: Case Series
ConclusionPhyllodes tumors are rare and ones with a coexisting carcinoma are even less frequently encountered. The treatment plan can change upon diagnosis of the carcinoma via the pathology. Treatment should be guided by the type and stage of carcinoma detected which may include additional surgical resection and lymph node sampling. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 9, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Amelanocytic anorectal malignant melanoma—Case report
Publication date: 2019Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, Volume 55Author(s): Marta Serra, Teresa Santos, Margarida Martins, Leonor SardoAbstractIntroductionAnorectal malignant melanoma (AMM), is a rare and aggressive form of melanoma. Accounts for
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Biliary atresia with an unusual abdominal orientation: A case report
ConclusionThe diagnosis of BA should prompt further investigation for other anatomical abnormalities as the presence of which might affect the management plan. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 7, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Intraductal tubular papillary neoplasm (ITPN), a novel entity of pancreatic epithelial neoplasms and precursor of cancer: A case report and review of the literature
ConclusionITPN displays a rare entity of pancreatic neoplasms. As shown in the present case report, there is a relevant potential of malignant transformation and therefore radical surgical resection and oncologic follow-up is warranted. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 6, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumours—Case series of a rare malignancy
ConclusionPHNET needs to be considered in asymptomatic patients with hypervascular hepatic lesions. More research is required before other adjunct treatment options can be suggested. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 5, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A modified technique of two-staged extensor tendon reconstruction in zones 6–8 in a patient with absent palmaris/plantaris tendons: A case report
ConclusionIn patients with absent palmaris/ plantaris tendons and major defects of the extensor tendons of all fingers, the use of split flexor carpi radialis is an adequate alternative for reconstruction and gives a good functional outcome. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 2, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Gastric cancer after gastric bypass with fundectomy: the possibility for early diagnosis
ConclusionFrom the clinical case described and the analysis of the Literature, the advantages of this technique are clear, allowing for an easy endoscopic evaluation of gastric walls with the possibility of diagnosing early stage tumors with a better outcome for patients. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 2, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Unusual Combination of Elbow Dislocation with a Retained Intraarticular Fragment and Trochlear Fracture and Ipsilateral Distal Radius Fracture in an Amateur Snowboarder: A Case Report and Review of Literatures
ConclusionCombined injury of extremity from snowboarding is relatively rare, but we experienced a case of elbow dislocation combined with distal radius fracture caused by fall on outstretched hand on the snow surface during snowboarding in a young adult. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 2, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Management of blunt intraperitoneal bladder rupture: case report and literature review
ConclusionWe present a case of intraperitoneal bladder rupture in the setting of a blunt traumatic seatbelt injury. Our patient recovered uneventfully after surgical repair, a three-day hospitalization, and ten days with an indwelling bladder catheter. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 2, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A case report of a gastric perforation in a giant inguinoscrotal hernia: A two-step approach
CONCLUSIONIn a giant inguinal hernia with gastric perforation, delaying the hernia repair when possible can decrease the complexity of the procedure and most likely its morbidity and mortality. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 2, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Intra- abdominal sepsis from a perforated duodenal ulcer- Management of a difficult surgical abdomen
ConclusionIntra-abdominal sepsis management of patient in an intensive care unit set-up with adequate surgery, open abdomen treatment and antibiotics given based on blood culture and sensitivity results enables successful management of difficult surgical abdomens. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 2, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

An Unusual Presentation of Gastric Fistula following Peptic Perforation Repair: A Case Report
ConclusionA gastrocutaneous fistula diagnosed at sixth month following the peptic perforation repair and causing minimal discomfort to the patient is a rare presentation. The abdominal wound following the surgery was possibly not healing because of the underlying fistula. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 2, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Amelanocytic Anorectal Malignant Melanoma – Case Report
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2019Source: International Journal of Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Marta Serra, Margarida Martins, Teresa Santos, Leonor SardoAbstractIntroductionAnorectal malignant melanoma (AMM), is a rare and aggressive form of melanoma. Accounts for
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Ectopic Intranasal Canine Tooth in a Child: A Rare Case Report and Literature review
ConclusionIntranasal teeth are a rare form of ectopic teeth encountered to otolaryngology clinic and may cause a variety of symptoms and complications. CT is very useful; it confirms the diagnosis and facilitates surgical planning. Early diagnosis and treatment are very important to avoid their possible complications. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Jejuno-jejunal Intussusception in a Post-Lung Transplant Patient From a Gastrojejunostomy Tube: A case report
ConclusionsA heightened index of suspicion for this rare complication should exist with a presenting patient has signs of proximal bowel obstruction and CT evidence of intussusception. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Clinically diagnosed primary transitional cell carcinoma of the colon: a case report
ConclusionTo the best of our knowledge, this is the first literature report of TCC that originated in the colon. TCC that primarily occurs in the colon may rapidly progress, as in the case presented. Therefore, it is necessary to establish more appropriate treatment for similar cases. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Dramatic decreases of all haemorrhagic coagulation factors by acquired inhibitors after extended left lobectomy
ConclusionWe have described the first case of acquired inhibition of all coagulation factors associated with extended left lobectomy. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - January 31, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas showing marked distal atrophy: A case report
ConclusionWe reported a very rare case of SPN with marked distal parenchymal atrophy. We successfully performed central pancreatectomy without reconstruction. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - January 31, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas: A case report and summary of imaging features of pancreatic cysts
We report a case of a 49-year-old man who presented with weight loss and diarrhea. The serum carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 levels were slightly elevated to 6.7 ng/mL (reference value
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - January 31, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A Rare Case of Nasal Septal Schwannoma: Case Report and Literature Review
ConclusionSchwannoma of the nasal septum is rare. However, it should be included as a differential diagnosis in a patient presenting with a unilateral nasal mass. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - January 31, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Severe hemodynamic instability during elective surgery for a patient with a giant pheochromocytoma: a case report
CONCLUSIONPheochromocytoma should be resected if technically possible. A multidisciplinary team approach is required for proper management. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - January 31, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Autologous Mesenchymal Stem Cell Application for Cartilage Defect in Recurrent Patellar Dislocation: A Case Report
CONCLUSIONCombination of Fulkerson osteotomy with the lateral retinacular release and percutaneous medial plication was effective in treating chronic patellar instability. The microfracture procedure and MSCs implantation was safe and could improve the cartilage regeneration in patients with articular cartilage defect due to recurrent patellar dislocation. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - January 31, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Bilateral Dentigerous Cysts and Ectopic Teeth in the Maxillary Sinuses: A Case Report and Literature Review
ConclusionThis paper presented our experience in the management of a rare case of bilateral dentigerous cysts associated with ectopic teeth in the maxillary sinuses. Ct scan of the paranasal sinuses confirmed the diagnosis and the endonasal endoscopic approach is superior to the external approaches in preserving physiological function in managing these patients. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - January 30, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Tension Pneumoperitoneum: Case report of a rare form of Acute abdominal compartment syndrome
ConclusionsTension pneumoperitoneum is a life-threatening event, early detection and intervention is critical in order to provide prompt and optimal treatment approaches. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - January 30, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Two cases of debulking surgery for lower limb diffuse plexiform neurofibroma with transcatheter arterial embolisation
ConclusionAlthough TAE with gelatine particles and balloon occlusion were reliable haemorrhage control methods in debulking surgery for lower limb DPN, optimal haemorrhage control technique, compatible with haemostasis and wound healing, was desired. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - January 30, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research