Corrigendum
(Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Lymphogranuloma venereum presenting with erythema nodosum
We present the case of a 30-year-old HIV-negative man with inguinal type lymphogranuloma venereum accompanied by erythema nodosum. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Borsje, A., van der Reijden, W., Soetekouw, R. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

First case of pancreas transplant alone in a patient with diabetes and HIV infection
We describe the use of a standard immunosuppression regimen in combination with effective antiretroviral control using a stable highly active antiretroviral therapy regimen with minimal interaction with immunosuppressants. We describe what is, to our knowledge, the first case of pancreas transplantation alone performed for this particularly challenging group, resulting in complete resolution of hypoglycaemic symptoms. We suggest that this group of patients should receive optimal diabetes management, including access to transplantation where appropriate, and demonstrate that pancreas transplantation alone is feasible for pe...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Mittal, S., Choudhary, P., Callaghan, C., Hilton, R., Drage, M. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

An unusual case of underlying rilpivirine resistance in an antiretroviral-naïve man with AIDS
We report an antiretroviral treatment (ART)-naìˆve patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (CD4 cell count 20 cells/mm3, viral load 8439 copies/mL), who was infected with HIV-1 sub-type B virus containing a reverse transcriptase mutation, E138A, associated with rilpivirine resistance. Subsequently, he was initiated on a single tablet ART regimen containing an integrase inhibitor and developed immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), presenting as Mycobacterium avium cervical adenitis. The patient went on to develop rifamycin-induced neutropenia during treatment of his opportunistic infection but ...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Skalweit, M. J. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Diffuse HIV-associated seborrheic dermatitis - a case series
Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is reported to have distinct clinical and histologic presentations in patients with HIV infection. Here we present 20 cases to further define some of these unique characteristics. Common features include erythematous, scaly papules, and plaques involving areas beyond the typical seborrheic distribution; thick, greasy scale on the scalp; and an increased frequency of erythroderma. Histologically, there is widespread parakeratosis, spongiosis, and necrotic keratinocytes. Treatment is often difficult, requiring prolonged use of oral and topical antifungals and corticosteroids as well as antibiotics ...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Forrestel, A. K., Kovarik, C. L., Mosam, A., Gupta, D., Maurer, T. A., Micheletti, R. G. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Missed opportunities in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection: experience from a national programme in Nigeria
An analysis of validated National Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) data from 2008 to 2014 showed that Nigeria has recorded steady progress. However, to achieve elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, service scale-up and active testing of pregnant women are required, as a large number of HIV-infected women in Nigeria are not aware of their HIV status. Focusing on efforts that will improve access and uptake of antenatal care/PMTCT services will significantly reduce new infant HIV infection. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Adeyinka, D. A., Agogo, E. A., Ozigbu, C. E., Aboje, S., Anyaike, C., Asadu, E. C., Odoh, D., Ganiyu, J. Tags: Audit report Source Type: research

Clinical diagnosis of syphilis: a ten-year retrospective analysis in a South Australian urban sexual health clinic
National notifications for infectious syphilis in Australia have increased in recent years. Outside of sexual health clinics, junior clinicians seldom encounter this disease in its infectious stage (primary, secondary and early latent). With such a variable clinical presentation, textbook teaching is no substitute for real-life experience. The importance of accurate classification and staging of disease is relevant to the risk of transmission and determines treatment duration. In this article, the authors review the clinical presentation of syphilis over ten years in an urban sexual health clinic with a focus on the clinic...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Forrest, C., Ward, A. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

The effect of introducing routine self-taken extra-genital swabs in a genitourinary medicine clinic cohort: a before and after study
Starting July 2013, all patients attending a sexual health clinic who reported risk of extra-genital infection were offered self-taken extra-genital swabs. The study aim was to assess the detection rate of extra-genital infection since self-taken swabs were introduced. We compared patients diagnosed with chlamydia and gonorrhoea in six-month periods before (February–July 2012) and after (February–July 2014) the introduction of self-taken extra-genital swabs. There were 408 (98 gonorrhoea, 310 chlamydia) detected infections in the 2012 period and 404 (121 gonorrhoea, 283 chlamydia) in 2014. The rate of extra-gen...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Nyatsanza, F., Trivedy, A., Brook, G. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Significant benefit of a targeted HIV testing module on medical students knowledge and confidence
The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a HIV targeted-testing teaching session in improving knowledge and confidence at a London medical school. A survey assessing knowledge of HIV testing guidelines, confidence to offer testing and outcomes of targeted-testing teaching was developed and distributed to fifth year medical students. Results were compared for students who had completed GU/HIV modules (GU+) and those who had not (GU–) and chi-squared testing was performed; 100 and 119 questionnaires were returned by GU+ and GU– students (response rate of 92.6% and 97.5%), respectively. For the three knowledg...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Chong, M., Cartledge, J., Waters, L. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Association of sexual risk behaviour with previous HIV testing among voluntary HIV counselling and testing clients in Kigali, Rwanda
With increased coverage of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) in Rwanda and a greater focus on repeat testing of key populations, it is important to understand whether the right clients are returning for repeat testing and if repeat testing is effective at reducing risk. We assessed the association between repeat testing and recent sexual risk behaviours among 1852 first time or repeat HIV testing clients in Kigali who had had sex, using data from a cross-sectional survey. Repeat testing was associated with being female, older and type of occupation. Multivariable analyses indicate that individuals who tested for ...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Stalter, R., Chen, M., Uwizeye, G., Mutunge, E., Ahayo, A., Mugwaneza, P., Shumbusho, F., Wesson, J. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

A comparison of recreational drug use amongst sexual health clinic users in London with existing prevalence data
The objective was to give an overview of self-reported recreational drug use amongst attendees of sexual health clinics in London and compare this to existing datasets. Between December 2013 and March 2014, attendees of two sexual health clinics in London were surveyed. Data collected were: sexual history, smoking and alcohol and recreational drug use. Data were analysed using SPSS (version 21). A total of 1472 respondents were included; 778 (52.9%) men, 676 (45.9%) women and 3 (0.2%) transgender (15 [1.0%] did not answer). Mean age was 30.6 ± 9.0 years. A total of 339 (43.6%) men were men who have sex with men (MSM...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Thurtle, N., Dargan, P. I., Hunter, L. J., Lovett, C., White, J. A., Wood, D. M. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Comparison of doxycycline with azithromycin in treatment of pharyngeal chlamydia infection
Recent data suggest that azithromycin may not be as effective as doxycycline in eradication of genital chlamydial infection. The aim of this study was to compare the eradication rate of pharyngeal Chlamydia trachomatis infection after treatment with azithromycin 1 g stat with that of doxycycline 100 mg twice a day for seven days. A prospective open-label observational study was conducted on patients with pharyngeal Chlamydia trachomatis diagnosed at Whittall Street Clinic, University Hospitals Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, between July 2012 and July 2013. We confirmed eradication of pharyngeal Chlamydia trachomatis with a ne...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Manavi, K., Hettiarachchi, N., Hodson, J. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Lubricant use and condom use during anal sex in men who have sex with men in Tanzania
We describe use, knowledge, and access to lubricants in Dar es Salaam and Tanga, Tanzania. Data were collected in 2012 and 2013 from a cross-sectional survey of 200 MSM in Dar es Salaam and 100 MSM in Tanga, Tanzania. The most common reason for not using condoms was dislike of condoms. Two-thirds of the men reported always using a lubricant for anal sex. Results showed that: fewer men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW) know about lubricants; more MSM look for, have difficulty finding, and find lubricants to be expensive; and MSM use lubricants to facilitate penetration. MSMW commonly receive their lubricants from ...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Romijnders, K. A., Nyoni, J. E., Ross, M. W., McCurdy, S. A., Mbwambo, J., Kok, G., Crutzen, R. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Prevalent bacterial vaginosis infection - a risk factor for incident sexually transmitted infections in women in Durban, South Africa
The association between bacterial vaginosis (BV) and incident sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in a cohort of high-risk women from Durban, South Africa was investigated in this study. We undertook a secondary analysis of the Methods for Improving Reproductive Health in Africa trial that assessed effectiveness of the latex diaphragm and lubricant gel on HIV prevention among women. During study visits, urine specimens were collected for testing for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis. The presence of BV was based on vaginal pH and wet mount test assessments. The association between BV...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Abbai, N. S., Reddy, T., Ramjee, G. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Multiplex PCR testing for nine different sexually transmitted infections
Current sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing is not optimal due to delays in reporting or missed diagnoses due to a lack of comprehensive testing. The FilmArray® (BioFire Diagnostics, LLC, Salt Lake City, Utah) is a user-friendly, fully automated, multiplex PCR system that is being developed for rapid point-of-care use. A research-use-only STI panel including multiple PCR primer sets for each organism was designed to detect Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum, Trichomonas vaginalis, Mycoplasma genitalium, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Haemophilus ducreyi, and herpes simplex virus (HSV) ty...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Kriesel, J. D., Bhatia, A. S., Barrus, C., Vaughn, M., Gardner, J., Crisp, R. J. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Routine HIV testing in the Emergency Department: feasible and acceptable?
The objective was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of HIV testing in an Emergency Department (ED) at a busy London teaching hospital. We conducted an observational cross sectional study between March–May 2012 where patients aged between 18–65 years attending St George's ED having serological tests were offered HIV testing by ED clinical staff. Patients were given an information leaflet on HIV, including how to obtain results. Data detailing whether the test was offered (feasibility) and whether the patient consented to the test (acceptability) were documented. Information regarding reasons for not...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Hempling, M. C., Zielicka-Hardy, A., Ellis, J. P., Majewska, W., Fida, G. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Modelling and estimation of HIV prevalence and number of people living with HIV in India, 2010-2011
This paper provides HIV estimation methodology used in India and key HIV estimates for 2010–2011. We used a modified version of the Spectrum tool that included an Estimation and Projection Package as part of its AIDS Impact Module. Inputs related to population size, age-specific pattern of fertility, gender-ratio at birth, age and gender-specific pattern of mortality, and volume and age–gender distribution of net migration were derived from census records, the Sample Registration System and large-scale demographic health surveys. Epidemiological and programmatic data were derived from HIV sentinel surveillance,...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Raj, Y., Sahu, D., Pandey, A., Venkatesh, S., Reddy, D., Bakkali, T., Das, C., Singh, K. J., Kant, S., Bhattacharya, M., Stover, J., Jha, U. M., Kumar, P., Mishra, R. M., Chandra, N., Gulati, B., Mathur, S., Joshi, D., Chavan, L. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Usual vulval intraepithelial neoplasia in HIV-positive women - a case series
The objective of this study was to describe the clinical features and treatment responses of HIV-positive women diagnosed with VIN in a specialist vulval dermatology clinic. HIV-positive women diagnosed with VIN from 2007 to 2013 were retrospectively identified. Data were collected on demographics, clinical features, treatments and outcomes. Seven cases were retrospectively identified. The median CD4 cell count at presentation was 500 cells/mm3 (range 59–761). Five had multifocal VIN. Five were treated with imiquimod alone, one had surgical excision and one patient was treated with imiquimod and surgery. Five of the ...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Toby, M., Conway, K., Sethi, G., Lewis, F. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Symptomatic urethritis should be confirmed by microscopy
(Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Moi, H., Horner, P. J. Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Which empiric syndromic treatment for urethritis?
(Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Libois, A., De Wit, S. Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Reactive arthritis following a Microsporidia infection
Reactive arthritis may be caused by both sexually transmissible and enteric organisms, though Microsporidia is not currently recognised as a causative agent. This case report describes the development of reactive arthritis following Microsporidia infection in an immunocompetent man. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Mason, E., Foster, R., Wray, L., McNulty, A., Donovan, B. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Shigellosis in men who have sex with men: an overlooked opportunity to counsel with pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV
In the absence of other epidemiological exposures, shigellosis in men who have sex with men (MSM) suggests engagement in high-risk sexual encounters. Infection and diagnosis of shigellosis in MSM presents a potentially overlooked opportunity to discuss the availability of pre-exposure prophylaxis medications to prevent incident HIV infections. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Goulart, M. A., Wurcel, A. G. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Acute intermittent porphyria precipitated by atazanavir/ritonavir
We report the first case of acute intermittent porphyria precipitated by the drugs atazanavir and ritonavir, presenting with unexplained abdominal pain. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Bharti, S., Malhotra, P., Hirsch, B. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Cryptococcemia in primary HIV infection
We report a case of cryptococcemia in primary HIV infection. To our knowledge there has not been such a case reported. Our case highlights the need for clinicians to be wary of other opportunistic infections, including cryptococcosis, in primary HIV infection. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Yeung, V. A., Azzam, R., Dendle, C., Graham, M., Woolley, I. J., Korman, T. M. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

The potential risks of probiotics among HIV-infected persons: Bacteraemia due to Lactobacillus acidophilus and review of the literature
We report a case of Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteraemia in a patient with AIDS temporally related to excessive consumption of probiotic-enriched yogurt, and provide a comprehensive review of the literature of Lactobacillus sp. infections among HIV-infected persons. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Haghighat, L., Crum-Cianflone, N. F. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Mycobacterium avium complex-associated cholecystitis in AIDS patient: a case description and review of literature
We describe a case of acute cholecystitis secondary to MAC in a patient with likely AIDS cholangiopathy. The patient, a 37-year-old Hispanic woman with CD4+ cell count of 10 cells/mm3 who was previously diagnosed with disseminated MAC, presented with a eight days of diffuse abdominal pain and anorexia. Radiologic imaging suggested acute cholecystitis, so the patient underwent open cholecystectomy. Pathology staining of the gall bladder wall revealed acid-fast bacilli consistent with MAC. The patient had been receiving appropriate therapy as an outpatient for MAC with presumed reliable adherence, but we suggest her burden o...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: El Chaer, F., Harris, N., El Sahly, H., Hemmige, V., Martinez Blanco, E., Woc-Colburn, L. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Serological follow-up of infants born to mothers with positive syphilis serology - real-world experiences
The 2008 UK syphilis guideline recommends infants born to women with any positive syphilis serology be followed up until both treponemal and nontreponemal tests are negative to exclude congenital syphilis, whereas Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines recommend using only nontreponemal tests. Historically, we had low infant follow-up rates with no coherent pathways. We initiated a change in multidisciplinary team practice of infant testing for syphilis in 2011 and evaluated the results before and after by retrospective review of testing of infants born to women with positive syphilis serology between 2005 a...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Wallace, H. E., Broomhall, H. M., Isitt, C. E., Miall, L. S., Wilson, J. D. Tags: Miscellaneous Paper Source Type: research

Prevalence and determinants of HIV in tuberculosis patients in Wuxi City, Jiangsu province, China: a cross-sectional study
At least one-third of the 34 million people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) worldwide are infected with latent tuberculosis (TB). The aim of this study was to determine the rate of HIV infection in TB patients and its determinants in Wuxi City, China. TB patients attending health institutions (12 selected sites) for TB diagnosis and treatment were enrolled in this study. TB diagnosis, treatment and HIV testing were done according to the national guidelines. Blood samples were collected for anonymous HIV testing. Among the TB patients, the HIV prevalence was 13.66% (1493/10,926). Multivariate analysis showed ...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Chen, J., Cao, W., Chen, R., Ren, Y., Li, T. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence in HIV-positive women engaged in transactional sex in Mombasa, Kenya
We evaluated the prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the past year by a regular male partner in HIV-positive female sex workers (FSWs) in Mombasa, Kenya. This cross-sectional study included HIV-positive women ≥18 years old who reported engagement in transactional sex at the time of enrolment in the parent cohort. We asked 13 questions adapted from the World Health Organization survey on violence against women about physical, sexual, or emotional violence in the past year by the current or most recent emotional partner (index partner). We used standardised instruments to assess socio-demograph...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Wilson, K. S., Deya, R., Masese, L., Simoni, J. M., Stoep, A. V., Shafi, J., Jaoko, W., Hughes, J. P., McClelland, R. S. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Trichomonas vaginalis infection in Nigerian pregnant women and risk factors associated with sexually transmitted infections
This study evaluated Trichomonas vaginalis and other common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) status in pregnant women, and risk factors associated with them. The study was cross-sectional and descriptive and a total of 198 pregnant women were recruited for T. vaginalis screening by microscopic examination. Questionnaires were also administered to 108 pregnant women to access information related to socio-demography and other factors associated with STI transmission. The overall prevalence of T. vaginalis was 18.7%. While prevalence of T. vaginalis was neither age nor parity dependent (p> 0.05), women in their first...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Oyeyemi, O. T., Fadipe, O., Oyeyemi, I. T. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Perspectives on expedited partner therapy for chlamydia: a survey of health care providers
This study finds that in a setting where expedited partner therapy is not expressly permitted, health care providers still use the practice but also experience barriers that limit uptake. Legislation expressly endorsing expedited partner therapy in the state and in medical institutions is needed to increase expedited partner therapy use. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Rosenfeld, E., Marx, J., Terry, M., Stall, R., Flatt, J., Borrero, S., Miller, E. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Efficacy of raltegravir-containing regimens in antiretroviral-naïve and -experienced individuals in routine clinical practice
This study shows again the overall long-term efficacy of raltegravir-based ART and furthermore gives reference for a comparable efficacy of dual and standard nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitor–backbone regimens in experienced patients on raltegravir over a period of 48 weeks in a real-life cohort where patients with severe comorbidities were included. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jaeckle, M., Khaykin, P., Haberl, A., De Leuw, P., Schüttfort, G., Stephan, C., Wolf, T. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Sexually transmitted infection diagnoses among Hispanic immigrant and migrant men who have sex with men in the United States
Hispanic immigrant/migrant men who have sex with men (MSM) should be at higher risk for sexually transmitted infections/human immunodeficiency virus (STIs/HIV) given individual-level factors associated with the migration process that have been theorised to increase susceptibility to STIs/HIV among migrant populations. However, relatively little is known if these individual level factors are actually associated with the STI prevalence among this population. During 2005–2007, 2576 men and women foreign-born Hispanics were surveyed at three community-based organisations offering services to immigrant/migrant communities...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Valverde, E. E., DiNenno, E. A., Schulden, J. D., Oster, A., Painter, T. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Outcomes of on-site antiretroviral therapy provision in a South African correctional facility
We report (1) mortality (using survival analysis); (2) retention in the programme (to 09/2009); and (3) virological suppression at six and 12 months (6 months (95% confidence interval 1.1–7.5)/100 person-years; p
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Telisinghe, L., Hippner, P., Churchyard, G. J., Gresak, G., Grant, A. D., Charalambous, S., Fielding, K. L. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

A prospective study of haematological changes after switching from stavudine to zidovudine-based antiretroviral treatment in HIV-infected children
Long-term use of stavudine is associated with a high incidence of lipodystrophy, warranting its substitution with zidovudine in first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens. In a prospective observational study, we determined the spectrum and severity of haematological changes after switching from stavudine- to zidovudine-based ART in Indian children aged 2–18 years who had received a stavudine-based ART regimen for at least 48 weeks. They were followed for 48 weeks for changes in haematological parameters and CD4 cell counts after switching to zidovudine. Of the 60 children analysed, 45 (75%) showed a significan...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Singh, A., Hemal, A., Agarwal, S., Dubey, N., Buxi, G. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Erratum
(Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Acceptability of digital anal cancer screening in HIV-positive men who have sex with men attending a UK Sexual Health service
(Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lewis, T., Samraj, S., Patel, R., Sundaram, S. S. Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Re: cervical screening in HIV-positive women in the East of England: recent CD4 as the predictive risk factor
(Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Verma, K., Blundell, S., Murphy, S., Brook, G. Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Screening pregnant women in the 2015 European guideline on the management of Chlamydia trachomatis infections
(Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Joseph Davey, D., Alexandra, M., Klausner, J. Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Ocular involvement in an HIV-infected patient: not always an infectious disease. An interesting case without apparent cause
We describe the case of a young girl with vertically-transmitted HIV infection who presented with chronic ocular inflammation characterized by several relapses and remissions. Good viral and immunological status made infective or neoplastic causes unlikely; the diagnosis was challenging and finally spontaneous remission was observed after several months. Clinical and histopathological findings made idiopathic orbital inflammatory syndrome the most probable diagnosis for our patient. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Mozzo, E., Dona, D., Zannin, M. E., Giaquinto, C., Rampon, O. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Hepatitis B immune reconstitution syndrome in a patient with HIV infection
We describe a HIV-positive patient who presented with liver histology-confirmed hepatitis B immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome whilst on a regimen containing lamivudine and tenofovir. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: John, M.-A. A., Gosnell, B. I., Manzini, T. C., Ramdial, P., Moosa, M.-Y. S. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

A rare cause of lymphadenopathy - Rosai-Dorfman disease in a HIV-positive Ugandan woman
This case illustrates a rare cause of lymphadenopathy as a presenting feature of HIV and highlights the importance HIV testing in all patients who present with lymphadenopathy. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Nathan, B., Roomallah, B., Salisbury, J. R., Tenant-Flowers, M., Kassam, S. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Lupus erythematosus-lichen planus overlap syndrome in an HIV-infected individual
We report a case of LE-LP overlap syndrome in a patient with HIV infection. To the best of our knowledge, LE-LP overlap syndrome with HIV infection has never been reported in literature. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Patil, P., Nayak, C., Tambe, S., Das, D. Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

An audit of HIV treatment outcomes in a UK inner city cohort
We describe the demographics and treatment outcomes of a HIV-infected cohort from Croydon University Hospital, London, UK. We showed that the Croydon Cohort had good viral load suppression (98.6% with viral load
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Bird, E., Cormack, I., Rodgers, M., Phillips, D., Elgalib, A. Tags: Audit report Source Type: research

Adverse pregnancy outcomes following syphilis treatment in pregnancy in the UK
Syphilis infection in pregnancy is known to cause a number of severe adverse pregnancy outcomes, including second-trimester miscarriage, stillbirth, very pre-term delivery and neonatal death, in addition to congenital syphilis. A retrospective review of women with positive syphilis serology and a pregnancy outcome between 2005 and 2012 in Leeds, UK, was performed. In all, 57 cases of positive syphilis serology in pregnancy were identified: 24 with untreated syphilis treated in the current pregnancy (Group 1); seven with reported but unconfirmed prior treatment who were retreated (Group 2); and 26 adequately treated prior t...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Wallace, H. E., Isitt, C. E., Broomhall, H. M., Perry, A. E., Wilson, J. D. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

A national survey of nurse-led and delivered services within sexual health across the United Kingdom
This was a cross-sectional study using an online survey to evaluate the provision of nurse-led and delivered services within genitourinary medicine in the UK. Results showed that such services are being widely utilised and are generally well supported by medical staff. The delivery of nurse-led and delivered services appears to be quite variable. Clinical guidelines and standards may help to ensure a more uniform approach to these services and help to maintain high standards of care. (Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS)
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Wiggins, H., Kell, P., Joshi, U., Rajamanoharan, S., British Co-operative Clinical Group Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Correlates of HIV infection among street-based and venue-based sex workers in Vietnam
This study involved secondary data analysis of the ‘HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance’ study in Vietnam in 2009–2010 to examine the correlates of HIV among FSWs. Data collected from 5298 FSWs, including 2530 street-based sex workers and 2768 venue-based sex workers from 10 provinces in Vietnam, were analyzed using descriptive statistics and bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. HIV prevalence among the overall FSW population was 8.6% (n = 453). However, when stratified by FSW subpopulations, HIV prevalence was 10.6% (n = 267) for street-based sex workers and 6.7%...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Le, T. T., Nguyen, Q. C., Tran, H. T., Schwandt, M., Lim, H. J. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Constructing a representative sample of out-of-care HIV patients from a representative sample of in-care patients
Individuals infected with HIV who are out of care are at a higher risk of HIV-related morbidity and mortality. It has been difficult to recruit a representative sample of out-of-care patients for epidemiological studies. Using a novel weighting method, we constructed a representative sample of out-of-care HIV patients from a representative sample of in-care patients. In-care patients were weighted based on the probability of receiving care during the study period and the probability of selection to participate in the study, and out-of-care patients were represented by those who were previously out of care and recently retu...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Xia, Q., Neaigus, A., Bernard, M. A., Raj-Singh, S., Shepard, C. W. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Cervical HPV infection in Romanian women infected with HIV during early childhood
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer worldwide, and Romania has the highest rate of cervical cancer in Europe. Sixty-five young Romanian women infected with HIV during early childhood and 25 control subjects were evaluated for the presence of cervical HPV infection and for cytologic abnormalities. HPV infection was evaluated longitudinally in 42 HIV-infected individuals. Overall 28/65 (43.1%) of HIV-infected and 8/25 (32.0%) of uninfected subjects were infected with HPV, and 21/65 (32.3%) and 6/25 (24%) had high-risk subtypes, respectively. In HIV-infected women, those maintaining or acqui...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Ene, L., Voinea, C., Stefanescu, C., Sima, D., Duiculescu, D., Mehta, S. R. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research

Combined treatment of anogenital HPV infection with cryodestruction, podophyllin 25% and post-ablation immunomodulation with sinecatechins 15% ointment - a retrospective analysis
We present a retrospective review of 27 patients who underwent combined therapy for external genital warts by using one or two sessions of cryodestruction combined with 25% podophyllin as the cytotoxic agent, and post-ablation immunomodulation with topical sinecatechins 15% ointment. This approach resulted in an excellent initial clearance rate of 96.3% with a recurrence rate of 7.4% after a total period of six months of follow-up. We suggest the importance of the combined approach in external genital warts management including post-ablative immunomodulation to augment the immune response and combat the residual latent inf...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Juhl, M. E., Seferovic, V., Antonijevic, S., Krunic, A. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research