Social capital and health status: longitudinal race and ethnicity differences in older adults from 2006 to 2014
We examined the longitudinal associations of social capital on self-rated health and differences by race/ethnicity in older adults.MethodsWe used Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative sample of US adults aged ≥ 50 years evaluated every 2 years (2006–2014) (N = 18,859). We investigated the relationship between social capital indicators (neighborhood social cohesion/physical disorder, positive/negative social support) with self-rated health accounting for age, gender, education and stratified by race/ethnicity. We used structural equation multilevel modeling estimati...
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in social inequality in overweight and obesity among adolescents in Denmark 1998 –2018
ConclusionsThere was a persistent absolute and relative social inequality in overweight and obesity 1998 –2018 among Danish adolescents. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acute coronary syndrome and use of biomass fuel among women in rural Pakistan: a case –control study
ConclusionsThe study found increased risk of ACS from use of biomass for cooking. However, full benefits from interventions may not accrue in short term. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Violence exposure and young people ’s vulnerability, mental and physical health
ConclusionsExposure to violence in domestic and/or relationships is detrimental to children and young people ’s mental and physical health and vulnerability. Health risks and inequalities reported by CYP in this study provide compelling intelligence for renewed strategic policy-level consideration in the design and delivery of young peoples’ health services. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

European Union state of health from 1990 to 2017: time trends and its enlargements ’ effects
ConclusionsOverall, the EU health status is improving, despite changes in its composition over the years. However, the average EU state of health declined with the 2004, 2007 and 2013 EU enlargements. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Eating and healthy ageing: a longitudinal study on the association between food consumption, memory loss and its comorbidities
AbstractObjectivesTo explore the longitudinal association between food groups and memory loss and comorbid heart disease and diabetes (both Type 1 and 2) for people living in New South Wales, Australia.MethodsWe assessed 139,096 adults (aged 45  years and over) from the 45 and Up Study who completed both baseline (2006–2009) and follow-up (2012–2015) surveys. Mixed linear and generalized estimating equation models were used to examine the longitudinal associations.ResultsHigh consumption of fruit, vegetable and protein-rich food associated with lower odds of memory loss. High consumption of fruit and veget...
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Hotspot or blind spot? Historical perspectives on surveillance and response to epidemics in the Central African Republic
ConclusionsAs both a hotspot and a blind spot for global health, the CAR signals the need to reorient health interventions to address the long-term health of Central African people. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The role of causal inference in health services research I: tasks in health services research
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The role of causal inference in health services research II: a framework for causal inference
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Maternal pregnancy smoking in three Brazilian cities: trends and differences according to education, income, and age
AbstractObjectivesTo estimate and assess pregnancy smoking trends since 1978, according to sociodemographic characteristics, in three Brazilian sites.MethodsWe used cross-sectional data from the perinatal studies of nine birth cohorts, located in the southeast (Ribeir ão Preto—1978/1979, 1994, and 2010), south (Pelotas—1982, 1993, 2004, and 2015), and northeast (São Luís—1997/1998 and 2010) regions of Brazil. We estimated the prevalence of pregnancy smoking at each time point according to age, education, and family income, in each cohort, and evaluated s moking trends.ResultsWe analyz...
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Challenges for HIV-infected adolescents during transition from paediatric to adult HIV clinics in Africa
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dental caries diagnostic thresholds: Which one? Why? When?
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - February 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparing web-based versus face-to-face and paper-and-pencil questionnaire data collected through two Belgian health surveys
ConclusionsIndicators collected via the web-based and P&P self-administered modes were generally more comparable than indicators collected via the web-based and F2F mode. Furthermore, fewer differences were detected for indicators based on simple and factual questions compared to indicators based on subjective or complex questions. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - January 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The association between sugar-sweetened beverages intake, body mass index, and inflammation in US adults
This study aims to (1) assess the associations between sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) consumption and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and (2) evaluate the modifying effect of body mass index (BMI) on the association between SSB consumption and CRP levels.MethodsA total of 6856 eligible adults were selected from the 2007 –2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Average quantity of SSB consumption was calculated from 2-day 24-h dietary recalls. All data analyses were performed with appropriate sampling weights.ResultsCompared with non-SSB drinkers, a 0.26  mg/l higher CRP was observed in ...
Source: International Journal of Public Health - January 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acknowledgement to Reviewers 2019
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - January 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: E-cigarettes: harm reduction or rehabilitation of the tobacco industry?
In the above paper, authors stated mistakenly that Philip Morris International acquired 35% of JUUL shares, while Altria, the parent company of Philip Morris USA, made that acquisition and that IQOS is an e-cigarette, while it is considered by the FDA as a heat-not-burn tobacco device. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - January 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing the quality of cause of death data in six high-income countries: Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Japan and Switzerland
ConclusionsCOD certification errors are common, even in countries with very advanced health information systems, greatly reducing the policy value of mortality data. All countries should routinely provide certification training for hospital interns and raise awareness among doctors of their public health responsibility to certify deaths correctly and usefully for public health policy. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - January 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Inequalities in the use of gynecological visits and preventive services for breast and cervical cancer in Roma women in Spain
ConclusionsThis study shows that the inequality gap in gynecological visits and preventive services for breast and cervical cancer in Roma women has persisted during the years studied (2006 and 2014), despite Spanish prevention policies. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - January 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Long-term effects of air pollution: an exposome meet-in-the-middle approach
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - January 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparing the lung cancer burden of ambient particulate matter using scenarios of air quality standards versus acceptable risk levels
ConclusionsAir quality standards —promoted so far by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines—provide a more appealing framework to guide health risk-oriented clean air policymaking than frameworks based on a number of “acceptable” cases. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - January 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Multimorbidity and intention to retire: a cross-sectional study on 14 European countries
ConclusionsMultimorbidity is associated with intention of retirement in Europe. This association was unaltered by working conditions and integration policies. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - December 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Blurred lines: racial misclassification in death certificates in Brazil
ConclusionsOfficial Brazilian data on race-specific mortality rates may be severely misclassified, resulting in biased estimates of racial inequalities. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - December 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Bullying victimization: time trends and the overlap between traditional and cyberbullying across countries in Europe and North America
ConclusionsThese indicate the need for a more holistic perspective to intervention and prevention that considers all expressions of bullying, traditional or online. Public health programs and policies could focus on addressing bullying more broadly, rather than focusing on behaviors that happen in a particular context. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - December 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers to cervical cancer screening in Guatemala: a quantitative analysis using data from the Guatemala Demographic and Health Surveys
ConclusionsOffering screening programs alone is not enough to reduce the burden of cervical cancer in Guatemala. Measures need to be taken to reduce barriers to health care, particularly in rural areas, where screening rates are lowest. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - December 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Inclusion of predatory journals in Scopus is inflating scholars ’ metrics and advancing careers
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - December 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Interventions to increase the pharmacological adherence on arterial hypertension in Latin America: a systematic review
ConclusionsThere is no single strategy to increase pharmacological adherence in Latin America since the studies used different strategies. Additional efforts are required to standardize cost-effective interventions to increase pharmacological adherence in Latin America. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - December 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

E-cigarettes: harm reduction or rehabilitation of the tobacco industry?
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - November 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Potential impact of reduced tobacco use on life and health expectancies in Belgium
ConclusionsHealth impact assessment tools provide different scenarios for evidence-informed public health actions. New anti-smoking strategies or stricter enforcement of existing policies potentially gain more healthy life years and reduce unhealthy life years in Belgium. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Towards health for future
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Childhood trauma and depressive symptoms in pregnant adolescents in Southern Brazil
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates the association between childhood experiences and mental health in adolescence, especially in vulnerable samples, such as pregnant adolescents. This finding reveals the importance of studying early trauma in life and enabling preventive help, especially in adolescents. High-quality evidence of perinatal mental health problems should be generated to make pregnancy safer for women in low- and middle-income countries. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - November 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Parental barriers to active transport to school: a systematic review
ConclusionsIt is crucial to involve parents through interventions to reduce the perception of safety and to increase awareness of the importance of ATS. In addition, these strategies should be complemented by environmental changes performed by local governments. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - November 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Horizon Europe: Will new or old European Union take to the field?
Unfortunately, the given and family name of author “Michele Rubbini” was interchanged incorrectly in the original publication and the correct version is updated here. The original article has been corrected. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - November 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of self-reported bank fraud on self-rated health, comorbidity and pain
ConclusionsBank frauds are an emerging phenomenon which is likely to damage public health. Stricter regulation to protect people from fraudulent bank practices is needed. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - November 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of a theory-based hand hygiene educational intervention for enhancing behavioural outcomes in Ghanaian schools: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
ConclusionsA theory-driven hand hygiene educational intervention involving school children can have a medium to a very large effect size, with respect to the practice of HWWS, and a low to a medium effect size with respect to behavioural intention. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - November 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Healthcare providers ’ perspectives of disrespect and abuse in maternity care facilities in Nigeria: a qualitative study
ConclusionsHealthcare providers need training on how to incorporate elements of respectful maternity care into practice including skills for rapport building and counselling. Women and family members should be educated about right to respectful care empowering them to report disrespectful practices. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of precision medicine: a scoping review
ConclusionsThis review may help inform decisions about reimbursement, research and development of PM interventions. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - October 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Governance to address health systems pitfalls of antibiotics overuse in low- and middle-income countries
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - October 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Continued tobacco consumption during pregnancy and women ’s depression and anxiety symptoms
ConclusionsAnxiety and depression symptoms need to be considered to screening for women at risk of smoking during pregnancy. Future prenatal smoking cessation interventions must take into account these variables. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The epidemiology of domestic violence in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review
ConclusionsOne in every three women in Saudi Arabia is a victim of domestic violence. Strategies to reduce risk factors, prevent DV, care for victims, and mitigate the effects of DV must be adopted by health care agencies in Saudi Arabia. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sex-specific initiation rates of tobacco smoking and its determinants among adults from a Middle Eastern population: a cohort study
ConclusionsThe majority of adult smoking initiators started smoking with water pipe. The initiation rate was remarkably higher in men and younger age-groups. Passive smoking, being single and lower education were risk factors. Educational intervention was protective among women. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - October 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Creating a whole-of-government approach to promoting healthy weight: What can Health in All Policies contribute?
ConclusionsThe HiAP approach achieved some success in encouraging a range of government departments to contribute to a healthy weight target. However, a comprehensive approach requires national regulation to address the commercial determinants of health and underlying causes of population obesity in addition to cross-government action to promote population healthy weight through regional government action. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - October 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Household food insecurity and its association with anaemia in Mexican children: National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012
ConclusionsOur findings can contribute to a better understanding of FI and anaemia in children and to strengthen interventions to address these problems. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - October 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

How adults and children perceive the impact of social policies connected to unemployment on well-being in the household: a concept mapping approach
ConclusionsStakeholders had many perceptions, which may help to improve social policies. Adults were more concerned about work, and children were more so about inequalities. In general, adults were more practical and individualistic, and children, more emphatic and idealistic. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Advantages and disadvantages across the life course and health status in old age among women in Chile
ConclusionsPolicy measures that seek to foster health prevention and health care among older women should consider how multiple exposures to social advantages/disadvantages during earlier stages of the life course could affect health in late life. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The accuracy of self-report versus objective assessment for estimating socioeconomic inequalities in disease prevalence in Indonesia
ConclusionsResults imply that the use of SR may lead to underestimation of socioeconomic inequalities in disease prevalence in a low-income country such as Indonesia. The use of OA is recommended for monitoring inequalities in non-communicable disease prevalence. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Influence of response options on self-perceived health status
(Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - September 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The visibility of smoking in Europe and its relationship with youth ’s positive beliefs about smoking
ConclusionsSmoking in several public places is highly visible to adolescents. Reducing this visibility might weaken positive beliefs that adolescents have about smoking. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Long-term civil conflict, migration, and the mental health of adults left behind in Thailand: a longitudinal study
ConclusionsThe unrest and its associated migration was related to an increased reporting of psychiatric symptoms among working age adults in the study population. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Public beliefs about causes of obesity in the USA and in Germany
ConclusionsIn the USA, external causal attributions (i.e., causes that are beyond individual ’s control) seem to play a more important role than in Germany. In both countries, public causal beliefs about obesity vary according to social characteristics of the person afflicted. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - September 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preventable hospitalizations from ambulatory care sensitive conditions in nursing homes: evidence from Switzerland
ConclusionsA sizable share of hospitalizations for nursing home residents is for ACSCs, and the associated costs are substantial. Programs and policies designed to reduce these potentially avoidable hospitalizations from the nursing home setting could lead to an increased patient well-being and lower costs. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - September 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research