Foreign body aspiration in children: A study of children who lived or died following aspiration
Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a preventable cause of mortality and morbidity in children. We conducted a chart review of children who presented to a university hospital due to FBA in the period 1999 - 2014. Children were either managed with bronchoscopy for removal of the foreign body or died due to FBA. A total of 103 children were seen due to FBA including 27 deaths. The majority of children were boys and were less than 3 years old. Most aspirated foreign bodies were food-related, mainly peanuts. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Maha Mohammad, Mohammad Saleem, Mohamad Mahseeri, Imad Alabdallat, Ali Alomari, Ala ’ Za’atreh, Ibraheem Qudaisat, Abdulrahman Shudifat, Mohammad AlZoubi Source Type: research

Outcomes and Limitations of Hospital-Based Newborn Hearing Screening
Globally, newborn hearing screening (NHS) is variably incorporated into national healthcare systems. The authors reviewed the set-up and evolution process of a hospital-based NHS program in South Korea, where screening costs for low-income families are paid by the National Health Authority. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Shin Hye Kim, Jae Hyun Lim, Jae Joon Han, Young Ju Jin, Sun Kyung Kim, Jin Young Kim, Jae-Jin Song, Byung Yoon Choi, Ja-Won Koo Source Type: research

Biochemical alteration in children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome associated with an increased risk of sensorineural hearing loss; additional insights in cochlear renal relationship
Children with Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome (INS) are at risk of hearing loss due to the adverse impact of medications and related immunological and genetic factors on both cochlea and kidney. So this work was planned to evaluate hearing status in children with INS and to clarify the possible associated risk factors by interpreting the clinical and laboratory profiles of those children. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ghada Mohamed El Mashad, Wafaa Moustafa M. Abo El Fotoh, Ahmed Mahmoud Zein El Abedein, Fatma Abd El raoof Abd El Sadek Source Type: research

The watch-pat in pediatrics sleep disordered breathing: Pilot study on children with negative nocturnal pulse oximetry
The main purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of Watch-PAT in Pediatric Sleep Disordered Breathing (PSDB) diagnosis in children with symptoms suggestive of PSDB, in which the nocturnal pulse oximetry was negative according to the Brouilette criteria. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Agostino Serra, Salvatore Cocuzza, Luigi Maiolino, Alessandro Abramo, Giacomo Spinato, Giovanni Tonoli, Maurizio Amadori, Doriano Politi, Giancarlo Tirelli, Roberto Spinato, Paola Di Mauro Source Type: research

Comprehensive management of congenital choanal atresia
To present results of a one-stage minimally invasive surgical procedure for congenital choanal atresia (CCA). Seven outcome measures were applied. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Pierre Brihaye, Isabelle Delpierre, Andr ée De Villé, Anne-Britt Johansson, Dominique Biarent, Anne-Laure Mansbach Source Type: research

Comparison of First Year of Life Acute Otitis Media Admissions Before and After the 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common childhood infection, which is usually managed in the outpatient setting. Yet, the more severe cases are referred for inpatient treatment. We hypothesized that pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs), administered during the first year of life, would decrease AOM admissions rate in this age group. We studied the characteristics of infants admitted with AOM and acute mastoiditis (AM) in the PCV13 era, routinely given from November 2010 to all infants. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tal Marom, Ofer Israel, Haim Gavriel, Jacob Pitaro, Ali Abo Baker, Ephraim Eviatar Source Type: research

Cochlear implantation and clinical features in patients with Noonan syndrome and Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines caused by a mutation in PTPN11
Existing literature only reports a few patients with Noonan syndrome (NS) and Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines (NSML) who underwent cochlear implantation (CI). The present study describes four NS patients and one NSML patient with a PTPN11 mutation. They all had severe to profound hearing loss, and they received a CI. The age at which the CI surgery occurred ranged from 1-13 years old, and the audiological results in all five patients improved after the CI. Otological and audiological examinations in NS and NSML are important, and for those with severe hearing loss, the CI surgery improved the audiological outcome ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Josephine W.I. van Nierop, Doroth ée C. van Trier, Ineke van der Burgt, Jos M.T. Draaisma, Emmanuel A.M. Mylanus, Ad F. Snik, Ronald J.C. Admiraal, Henricus P.M. Kunst Source Type: research

Left and right reaction time differences to the sound intensity in normal and AD/HD children
In this study, the sensitivity of normal and AD/HD children to the sound intensity was investigated. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Golnaz Baghdadi, Farzad Towhidkhah, Reza Rostami Source Type: research

Management of non-organic hearing loss in children – a case study
A 10 year-old girl was admitted due to the claim of progressively developing hearing loss. The impedance audiometry showed no abnormalities but it was impossible to obtain reliable outcomes during pure tone audiometry assessment. The girl was additionally sent for speech audiometry, indicating a bilateral hearing loss and objective evaluations such as distortion product otoacoustic emissions, and auditory brainstem responses, which results indicated a normal hearing. On the second day, repeated subjective audiometric tests showed also normal hearing, despite constantly reported hearing loss. (Source: International Journal ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Piotr Henryk Skarzynski, Danuta Raj-Koziak, Joanna Rajchel, Henryk Skarzynski Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

A fatal case of Gradenigo's syndrome in Zimbabwe and the Danish-Zimbabwean ENT collaboration
As a part of a bilateral educational exchange program two Danish ENT residents were invited to Zimbabwe in 2015. During this exchange a 9-year-old girl was admitted due to complications to acute otitis media (AOM). She developed Gradenigo's syndrome and later on a brain abscess leading to a fatal outcome. Life threatening complications to AOM are rare in developed countries today but are still a challenge in developing countries. We put forward this case from a developing country to bring focus to the fact that a fatal outcome is the consequence if specialist treatment is not accessible. (Source: International Journal of P...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: P.V.F. Jensen, M.B. Avnstorp, T. Dzongodza, C. Chidziva, C. von Buchwald Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

A fatal case of Gradenigo ’s Syndrome in Zimbabwe and the Danish-Zimbabwean ENT collaboration
As a part of a bilateral educational exchange program two Danish ENT residents were invited to Zimbabwe in 2015. During this exchange a 9-year-old girl was admitted due to complications to acute otitis media (AOM). She developed Gradenigo ’s syndrome and later on a brain abscess leading to a fatal outcome. Life threatening complications to AOM are rare in developed countries today but are still a challenge in developing countries. We put forward this case from a developing country to bring focus to the fact that a fatal outcome is the consequence if specialist treatment is not accessible. (Source: International Journ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: P.V.F. Jensen, M.B. Avnstorp, T. Dzongodza, C. Chidziva, C. von Buchwald Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Pediatric sialolithiasis is not related to oral or oropharyngeal infection: A population-based case control study using the Korean National Health Insurance Database
Poor oral hygiene is one of the risk factors for sialolithiasis particularly in adults; however the etiology of sialolithiasis in pediatric patients remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study is to identify the association between sialolithiasis and the oral/oropharyngeal infections in the pediatric population, as surrogate indicators for oral hygiene and retrograde infections to the affected salivary gland. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Seong Jun Won, Eunkyu Lee, Hee Jung Kim, Hyun-kyung Oh, Han-Sin Jeong Source Type: research

Identification of a novel missence mutation in FGFR3 gene in an Iranian family with LADD syndrome by Next-Generation Sequencing
Lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital syndrome (LADD) is a multiple congenital anomaly and a genetically heterogeneous disorder. The aim of this study was to identify the pathogenic gene in an Iranian family with LADD syndrome and review the literature on reported mutations that involved in pathogenesis of LADD syndrome. One novel variant, c.1882 G>A, in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) was identified by next generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing. The heterozygous FGFR3 c.1882 G>A variant results in substitution of aspartic acid with asparagine at amino acid 628 (p.D628N) and co-segregated with the phenotyp...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Farah Talebi, Farideh Ghanbari Mardasi, Javad Mohammadi Asl, Amir Hooshang Bavarsad, Saeed Tizno Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 Alleles in Chinese Han Patients with Juvenile-Onset Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis
Juvenile-Onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) is a rare benign neoplasm of the respiratory mucosa caused by human papilloma virus. Previous studies on the possible associations between HLA alleles and JORRP have shown various results in different ethnic groups. The present study aims to investigate the association between JORRP and HLA class II DRB1and DQB1 alleles in Chinese Han children. We found that the frequencies of HLA-DRB1*03:01 (pc = 0.0378, OR = 4.8) and HLA-DQB1*02:01 (pc = 0.021, OR = 4.8) alleles were significantly higher in patients with JORRP than in controls. (Source: International Journal of ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jing Zhao, Guoliang Wang, Guixiang Wang, Hua Wang, Shengcai Wang, Jun Tai, Lixing Tang, Jingang Gui, Jie Zhang, Xin Ni Source Type: research

Mutation analysis of common GJB2, SCL26A4 and 12S rRNA genes among 380 deafness patients in northern China
The molecular etiology of nonsyndromic deafness in Chinese population has not been investigated systematically, our study is aim to investigate the molecular etiology of nonsyndromic deafness patients from Northern China (Heilongjiang province), in order to provide genetic test and counseling to families. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jing Pan, Ping Xu, Weibo Tang, Zhongtao Cui, Miao Feng, Chunying Wang Source Type: research

Inverse relationship between toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 antibodies and interferon- γ and interleukin-6 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with pediatric tonsillitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus
Pediatric tonsillitis is frequently caused by Staphylococcus aureus, which is the most common pathogen that causes serious pyogenic infections in humans and endangers human health. S. aureus produces numerous potent virulence factors that play a critical role in the pathogenesis of the infection caused by this bacterium, and one of the most important toxins produced by S. aureus is toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1). The aim of this study is to investigate the first time the levels of IFN- γ and interleukin IL-6 in TSST-1-stimulated PBMCs from pediatric tonsillitis patients and the correlation of these cytokine le...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yinshuang Chen, Yanmei Huang, Bingshao Liang, Hui Dong, Shuwen Yao, Yongqiang Xie, Yan Long, Huamin Zhong, Yiyu Yang, Bing Zhu, Sitang Gong, Zhenwen Zhou Source Type: research

Iatrogenic trichloroacetic acid injury causing necrotizing otitis media and deafness
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA; also known as trichloroethanoic acid) is a corrosive agent that can produce significant burns when applied topically to the skin or mucosal membranes [1]. This property underlies its use in numerous dermatologic and gynecologic procedures including wart removal, chemical dermabrasion, and ablation of pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions of the skin and genitals [2 –4]. In otology, TCA is used topically to help small tympanic membrane (TM) perforations to heal and to calm granular myringitis; it may also be useful in the treatment of acute external otitis [5,6]. (Source: International Journal...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tyler R. Halle, N. Wendell Todd, Jolie Fainberg Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Changes in airway dimensions following functional appliances in growing patients with skeletal class Ⅱ malocclusion: A systematic review and meta-analysis
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the treatment effects of functional appliances (FAs) on upper airway dimensions in growing Class Ⅱpatients with mandibular retrognathism. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: MingLi Xiang, Bo Hu, Yang Liu, Jicheng Sun, Jinlin Song Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Iatrogenic trichloroacetic acid injury causing necrotizing otitis media and deafness: A case report
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA; also known as trichloroethanoic acid) is a corrosive agent that can produce significant burns when applied topically to the skin or mucosal membranes [1]. This property underlies its use in numerous dermatologic and gynecologic procedures including wart removal, chemical dermabrasion, and ablation of pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions of the skin and genitals [2-4]. In otology, TCA is used topically to help small tympanic membrane (TM) perforations to heal and to calm granular myringitis; it may also be useful in the treatment of acute external otitis [5-6]. (Source: International Journal of Ped...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tyler R. Halle, N.Wendell Todd, Jolie Fainberg Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Visual cortex activation decrement following cochlear implantation in prelingual deafened children
In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that extrinsic auditory stimulation following CI in prelingual deafened children can induce visual cortex plasticity. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jiahao Liu, Maojin Liang, Yuebo Chen, Yajing Wang, Yuexin Cai, Suijun Chen, Ling Chen, Xianghui Li, Zeheng Qiu, Jiajia Jiang, Junbo Wang, Yiqing Zheng Source Type: research

Mandarin compound vowels produced by prelingually deafened children with cochlear implants
Compound vowels including diphthongs and triphthongs have complex, dynamic spectral features. The production of compound vowels by children with cochlear implants (CIs) has not been studied previously. The present study examined the dynamic features of compound vowels in native Mandarin-speaking children with CIs. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jing Yang, Li Xu Source Type: research

Clinical Manifestations of Neuroblastoma with Head and Neck Involvement in Children
The purpose of our study is to review our 15-year experience with pediatric patients who have been diagnosed with neuroblastoma, and to determine their most frequent head and neck manifestations and symptoms. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sameer Alvi, Omar Karadaghy, Michelle Manalang, Robert Weatherly Source Type: research

Effect of the external nasal dilator on adolescent athleteswith and without allergic rhinitis
The ability to effectively breathe through the nose is an important component of physical exercise. The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of the external nasal dilator (END) on healthy adolescent athletes and those with allergic rhinitis. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ricardo Reis Dinardi, Cl áudia Ribeiro de Andrade, Cássio da Cunha Ibiapina Source Type: research

Effect of the external nasal dilator on adolescent athletes with and without allergic rhinitis
The ability to effectively breathe through the nose is an important component of physical exercise. The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of the external nasal dilator (END) on healthy adolescent athletes and those with allergic rhinitis. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ricardo Reis Dinardi, Cl áudia Ribeiro de Andrade, Cássio da Cunha Ibiapina Source Type: research

Response to the letter to the Editor “Biodegradable airway stents in infants - Potential life-threating pitfalls”
In this letter we would like to answer to the comments and concerns of Dr. Vondrys in regards to our publication ‘Sztano et al: Biodegradable airway stents in infants – Potential life-threatening pitfalls’ [1]. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 6, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Balazs Sztano, Laszlo Rovo Source Type: research

Response: Letter to the Editor
In this letter we would like to answer to the comments and concerns of Dr. Vondrys in regards to our publication ‘Sztano et al: Biodegradable airway stents in infants – Potential life-threatening pitfalls’ (1). (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 6, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Balazs Sztano, Laszlo Rovo Source Type: research

Basophil activation test for inhalant allergens in pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis
Flow cytometric quantification of in vitro basophil activation can be quite performant and reliable tool to measure IgE-dependent allergen-specific responses in allergic patients. Current study aimed to evaluate the clinical relevance of basophil activation test (BAT) for the diagnosis of pediatric grass pollen and house dust mite (HDM) allergies. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 6, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ismail Ogulur, Ayca Kiykim, Safa Baris, Ahmet Ozen, Ezgi Gizem Yuce, Elif Karakoc-Aydiner Source Type: research

An update of common autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss genes in Iranian population
Autosomal-recessive genes are responsible for about 80% of the hereditary non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) cases. In Iran, due to consanguineous marriages, NSHL is the second most frequent disability after intellectual disability, occurring one in 16 individuals. Enormous heterogeneity in the genetic pathology of hearing loss causes a major challenge in identification of responsible genes. In Iran, GJB2 is responsible for the most cases of pre-lingual and non-syndromic hearing loss (with frequency of 16.7%) which followed by other genes with lower frequency. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 6, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tohid Ghasemnejad, Mahmoud Shekari Khaniani, Fatemeh Zarei, Mina Farbodnia, Sima Mansoori Derakhsahan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Excision of sublingual gland as treatment for ranulas in pediatric patients
The aim of this case study is to demonstrate that post-operative complication rates of sublingual gland excision for treatment of ranulas are equal to or less than alternative methods with a lower recurrence rate than other surgical methods. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Brittany N. Nguyen, Barbara N. Malone, James D. Sidman, Brianne Barnett Roby Source Type: research

The Efficacy and Safety of the Flexible Fiber CO2 Laser Delivery System in the Endoscopic Management of Pediatric Airway Problems: Our Long Term Experience
To report the use of flexible fiber CO2 laser in the endoscopic management of pediatric airway cases. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Gi Soo Lee, Alexandra Irace, Reza Rahbar Source Type: research

The prevalence of the Onodi cell – Most suitable method of CT evaluation in its detection
The Onodi cell (sphenoethmoidal air cell) is an anatomic variant of the most posterior ethmoid cell that pneumatised superiorly and laterally to the sphenoid sinus, and is in close relation to the optic nerve. The proper identification of the Onodi cell is essential during a pre-operative computer tomography (CT) examination, as the presence of that ethmoid cell variant makes sphenoid sinus surgery more risky. The bulging of the optic nerve to the ethmoid cell wall is well visualized during endoscopic examination, but there are no clearly defined criteria for a potentially dangerous Onodi cell type in CT examinations. (Sou...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 4, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: L.P. Chmielik, A. Chmielik Source Type: research

Use of three-dimensional, CAD/CAM-assisted, virtual surgical simulation and planning in the pediatric craniofacial population
This study aims to elucidate the role of VSP and CAD/CAM in complex pediatric craniofacial cases by exploring its use in the correction of midface hypoplasia, orbital dystopia, mandibular reconstruction, and posterior cranial vault expansion. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 4, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rachel Gray, Alexander Gougoutas, Vinh Nguyen, Jesse Taylor, Nicholas Bastidas Source Type: research

The prevalence of the Onodi cell - most suitable method of CT evaluation in its detection
The Onodi cell (sphenoethmoidal air cell) is an anatomic variant of the most posterior ethmoid cell that pneumatised superiorly and laterally to the sphenoid sinus, and is in close relation to the optic nerve. The proper identification of the Onodi cell is essential during a pre-operative computer tomography (CT) examination, as the presence of that ethmoid cell variant makes sphenoid sinus surgery more risky. The bulging of the optic nerve to the ethmoid cell wall is well visualized during endoscopic examination, but there are no clearly defined criteria for a potentially dangerous Onodi cell type in CT examinations. (Sou...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 4, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: L.P. Chmielik, A. Chmielik Source Type: research

High prevalence of abnormalities on CT and MR imaging in children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss irrespective of age or degree of hearing loss
Evaluation of causal abnormalities identified on CT and MR imaging in children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (USNHL), and the association with age and severity of hearing loss. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 4, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: E.A. van Beeck Calkoen, E. Sanchez Aliaga, P. Merkus, C.F. Smit, J.M. van de Kamp, M.F. Mulder, S.T. Goverts, E.F. Hensen Source Type: research

Use of three-dimensional, CAD /CAM-assisted, virtual surgical simulation and planning in the pediatric craniofacial population
This study aims to elucidate the role of VSP and CAD/CAM in complex pediatric craniofacial cases by exploring its use in the correction of midface hypoplasia, orbital dystopia, mandibular reconstruction, and posterior cranial vault expansion. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 4, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rachel Gray, Alexander Gougoutas, Vinh Nguyen, Jesse Taylor, Nicholas Bastidas Source Type: research

Cortical auditory evoked potentials in children who stutter
It has been hypothesized that impaired auditory processing influence the occurrence of stuttering. Also, it is suggested that speech perception in children who stutter differed from normal. Auditory processing should be investigated in children who stutter shortly after the onset of stuttering in order to evaluate the extent to which impaired auditory processing contributes to the development of stuttering. CAEPs provide the necessary temporal and spatial resolution to detect differences in auditory processing and the neural activity that is related or time-locked to the auditory stimulus. (Source: International Journal of...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 3, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Naema Ismail, Yossra Sallam, Reda Behery, Ameera Al Boghdady Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor regarding “Biodegradable airway stents in infants - Potential life-threatening pitfalls”
We are writing to you in reference to an article published in your esteemed journal entitled “Biodegradable airway stents in infants – Potential life-threatening pitfalls” by B. Sztano et al. [1]. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 31, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: David Vondrys, Juan Anton-Pacheco Sanchez Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Letter to the editor
We are writing to you in reference to an article published in your esteemed journal entitled “Biodegradable airway stents in infants – Potential life-threatening pitfalls” by B. Sztano et al. [1]. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 31, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: David Vondrys, Juan Anton-Pacheco Sanchez Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Prevention of post-operative pediatric tracheotomy wounds: A multidisciplinary team approach
We present the results of an intensive, multidisciplinary wound prevention strategy starting in the operating room at the time of tracheotomy placement. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 31, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Timothy P. McEvoy, Nolan B. Seim, Abdullah Aljasser, Charles A. Elmaraghy, Brenda Ruth, Leslie Justice, Sarah Begue, Kris R. Jatana Source Type: research

Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in Southwestern Iran
The implementation of Neonatal Hearing Screening (NHS) program is still at the preliminary stage particularly in developing countries despite the burden of permanent congenital and early-onset hearing impairment. The purpose of this study was to report results for universal newborn NHS in a cohort of children born in the southwestern region of Iran, as part of a national screening program set up by the Iranian National Health System. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 31, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nader Saki, Arash Bayat, Reza Hoeinabadi, Soheila Nikakhlagh, Majid Karimi, Rezvan Dashti Source Type: research

Laryngotracheal anomalies and airway fluoroscopy in infants
The role of airway fluoroscopy in the diagnosis of laryngotracheal anomalies in infants is controversial. We aimed to (i) compare airway fluoroscopic characteristics with endoscopic findings in infants presenting for evaluation of upper airway obstruction and (ii) assess the as low as is reasonably achievable (ALARA) status for airway fluoroscopy as an initial diagnostic test in suspected laryngotracheal anomalies. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Amal Isaiah, Kevin D. Pereira Source Type: research

Protective role of intratympanic nigella sativa oil against gentamicin induced hearing loss
Aminoglycosides, used to combat with life-threatening infections, have a substantial risk of hearing loss. Nigella sativa is an annual herbaceous plant and used for treatment of many diseases for ages. We aimed to investigate the protective role of intratympanic nigella sativa oil against gentamicin induced hearing loss in an animal model. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Deniz Tuna Edizer, Ozgur Yigit, Zehra Cinar, Mehmet Gul, Eyyup Kara, Birgul Yigitcan, Duygu Hay ır, Ahmet Atas Source Type: research

The Effects of Postnatal Phthalate Exposure on the Development of Auditory Temporal Processing in Rats
The objective of this study was to investigate the potential effects of neonatal phthalate exposure on the development of auditory temporal processing. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Bong Jik Kim, Jungyoon Kim, Vanhnansy Keoboutdy, Ho-Jang Kwon, Seung-ha Oh, Jae Yun Jung, Il Yong Park, Ki Chung Paik Source Type: research

Temporal bone extramedullary hematopoiesis as a causeof pediatric bilateral conductive hearing loss:Case report and review of the literature
We report a case of a nine-year-old with beta thalassemia and temporal bone extramedullary hematopoiesis causing ossicular fixation and bilateral conductive hearing loss. There is only one case in the literature describing this phenomenon in pediatric patients, and this is the first case report of bilateral hearing loss from this physiologic phenomenon. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Alexander Lanigan, M. Taylor Fordham Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Paediatric oral submucous fibrosis – The neglected pre-malignancy of childhood
Oral submucous fibrosis in children is one of the devastating consequences of arecanut addiction in children. Arecanut is the fourth commonest psychoactive agents used worldwide. However, regrettably, unlike other addictions like tobacco and alcohol, it has become socially acceptable atleast in a few countries. Consequently, children as young as two years have been noticed to be addicted to arecanuts. It has been a menace in most Asian countries and with increasing population migration, this has picked up even in the west. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Chandala Chitguppi, Tripti Brar Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Hearing thresholds and ventilation tube treatment in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate
Children with cleft lip and palate have a high prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) which is often associated with a fluctuating, conductive hearing loss in the low and mid-frequencies and a risk for permanent hearing loss in the higher frequencies. Although common, there is no consensus on the treatment of OME with ventilation tubes. The aim of this study is to document if the risk for permanent hearing loss and acquired cholesteatoma increases due to treatment with ventilation tubes (VT-treatments) during childhood in a group of children with cleft lip and palate. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Birgitta Tengroth, Christina Hederstierna, Erik Neovius, Traci Flynn Source Type: research

Temporal Bone Extramedullary Hematopoiesis as a Cause of Pediatric Bilateral Conductive Hearing Loss: Case Report and Review of the Literature
We report a case of a nine-year-old with beta thalassemia and temporal bone extramedullary hematopoiesis causing ossicular fixation and bilateral conductive hearing loss. There is only one case in the literature describing this phenomenon in pediatric patients, and this is the first case report of bilateral hearing loss from this physiologic phenomenon. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Alexander Lanigan, M.Taylor Fordham Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Routine airway surveillance in pediatric tracheostomy patients
The aim of this study is to review airway findings in children with tracheostomies who underwent surveillance direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy (DLB) to determine the yield of routine airway evaluation in these patients. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 22, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ozgul Gergin, Eelam Adil, Kosuke Kawai, Karen Watters, Ethan Moritz, Reza Rahbar Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Does cerebellar flocculus size affect subjective outcomes in pediatric auditory brainstem implantation
The objectives of study was to 1) Describe relevant surgical anatomy in defining and accessing the lateral recess for placement of electrode, 2) Propose a working classification for grades of Flocculus; 3) To determine if different grades of cerebellar flocculus effects placement of ABI electrode and subjective outcomes in implantees. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 22, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sunil Goyal, Shyam Sundaram Krishnan, Mohan Kameswaran, M.C. Vasudevan, Ranjith, Kiran Natarajan Source Type: research

Effect of gentamicin and levels of ambient sound on hearing screening outcomes in the neonatal intensive care unit: A pilot study
We examined whether the level of ambient sound and/or cumulative gentamicin (an aminoglycoside) exposure affect NICU hearing screening results, as either exposure can cause acquired, permanent hearing loss. We hypothesized that higher levels of ambient sound in the NICU, and/or gentamicin dosing, increase the risk of referral on the distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) assessments and/or automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) screens. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - March 21, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Angela C. Garinis, Selena Liao, Campbell P. Cross, Johnathan Galati, Jessica L. Middaugh, Jess C. Mace, Anna-Marie Wood, Lindsey McEvoy, Lauren Moneta, Troy Lubianski, Noe Coopersmith, Nicholas Vigo, Christopher Hart, Artur Riddle, Olivia Ettinger, Casey Source Type: research