Reduced susceptibility to chlorhexidine disinfectant among New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1 positive Enterobacteriaceae and other multidrug-resistant organisms: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan
PB Mal, J Farooqi, S Irfan, MA Hughes, E KhanIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(3):346-349We analysed susceptibility of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) including New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1 positive Enterobacteriaceae to chlorhexidine and compared results to their susceptible counterparts. Susceptibilities of chlorhexidine digluconate in a standard (CHX-S) preparation and two commercial disinfectants containing different CHX concentrations (2% w/v and 4% w/w) were performed. MDROs had narrower range of higher CHX-S minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) as compared to pan-sensitive organisms. The...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: PB Mal J Farooqi S Irfan MA Hughes E Khan Source Type: research

Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Brucella melitensis isolated from patients with acute brucellosis in a centre of Iran
Conclusions: Although all the Brucella isolates were susceptible, antimicrobial susceptibility test should be recommended in patients with recurrent brucellosis or life-threatening organ involvement. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: R Razzaghi R Rastegar M Momen-Heravi M Erami M Nazeri Source Type: research

Association of interleukin-28B rs12979860 and rs8099917 polymorphisms with sustained viral response in hepatitis C virus genotype 1 and 3 infected patients from the Indian subcontinent
Conclusion: IL28B polymorphisms are strong predictors of SVR in patients from the Indian subcontinent infected with HCV genotype 3 and genotype 1. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: P Ranjan GJ Fletcher M Radhakrishnan J Sivakumar PS Premkumar A Goel UG Zachariah P Abraham Source Type: research

Prevalence of high-risk human papilloma virus types and cervical smear abnormalities in female sex workers in Chandigarh, India
Conclusion: The high prevalence of hrHPV among FSWs and HCs suggests the need for the implementation of effective National Screening Programme for early detection of hrHPV types to decrease the burden of cervical cancer, especially in high-risk population. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: MP Singh M Kaur N Gupta A Kumar K Goyal A Sharma M Majumdar M Gupta RK Ratho Source Type: research

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in infertile women
Conclusion: This study is the first to evaluate LAMP in the diagnosis of FGTB and found it to be a rapid and convenient technique, especially in low resource endemic settings. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: S Sethi L Dhaliwal P Dey H Kaur R Yadav S Sethi Source Type: research

Presence of viable Mycobacterium leprae in environmental specimens around houses of leprosy patients
Conclusion: Presence of viable M. leprae in the soil having same rpoT genotype of M. leprae noted in patients suggests that it could be the same strain of M. leprae. M. leprae found in the soil could be the one that is excreted out by the patient. Significance of its viability in the environment and its pathogenicity with respect to transmission needs to be further explored. Findings of this study might provide possible insights for further exploration into understanding transmission patterns in leprosy and also will throw light on identifying potential for existence of extra human source or reservoirs of M. leprae, if any...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: RP Turankar M Lavania M Singh U Sengupta KSR Siva Sai RS Jadhav Source Type: research

Identification, antifungal resistance profile, in vitro biofilm formation and ultrastructural characteristics of Candida species isolated from diabetic foot patients in Northern India
Conclusion: Non-albicans Candida spp. with potential biofilm forming ability are emerging as a predominant cause of diabetic foot ulcers. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: D Kumar T Banerjee J Chakravarty SK Singh A Dwivedi R Tilak Source Type: research

Distribution of Class II integrons and their contribution to antibiotic resistance within Enterobacteriaceae family in India
Conclusion: Further investigation is required to determine the current situation and important reservoir of Class II integron for the transmission of drug resistance among Enterobacteriaceae and their contribution to antimicrobial resistance in hospital environment . (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: P Singha DD Chanda AP Maurya D Paul A Chakravarty A Bhattacharjee Source Type: research

Human leucocyte antigen Class I and II alleles associated with anti-hepatitis C virus-positive patients of North India
Conclusion: HLA-A*33 was significantly increased as compared to control population and showed geographic variation in HCV-infected individuals of India. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: M Chowdhry RN Makroo M Singh S Agrawal M Kumar Y Thakur Source Type: research

Scrub typhus and spotted fever among hospitalised children in South India: Clinical profile and serological epidemiology
The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology, clinical profile and outcome of serologically-confirmed scrub typhus and spotted fever among children in a tertiary care hospital in Bengaluru. Materials and Methods: Hospitalised children aged
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: BS Kalal P Puranik S Nagaraj S Rego A Shet Source Type: research

Endemic Indian clones of Klebsiella pneumoniae-harbouring New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1 on a hybrid plasmid replicon type: A case of changing New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase plasmid landscapes in India ?
Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of IncHI3, a newly assigned enterobacterial plasmid incompatibility group from India. This could either be a case of importation or a widely circulating NDM plasmid type in India. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: GK Subramanian PG Soundari V Ramanathan P Krishnan Source Type: research

The changing face of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
P Kale, B DhawanIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(3):275-285Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important cause of infection, both in hospitalised patients with significant healthcare exposure and in patients without healthcare risk factors. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA) are known for their rapid community transmission and propensity to cause aggressive skin and soft tissue infections and community-acquired pneumonia. The distinction between the healthcare-associated (HA)-MRSA and CA-MRSA is gradually fading owing to the acquisition of multiple virulence fact...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: P Kale B Dhawan Source Type: research

Treatment for hepatitis C virus infection in India: Promising times
P AbrahamIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(3):273-274 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 12, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: P Abraham Source Type: research

" Clostridium difficile associated pseudomembranous colitis: An under-recognized threat " - Scenario from a Tertiary Care Hospital
Shivani Tyagi, Aroma OberoiIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):267-268 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Shivani Tyagi Aroma Oberoi Source Type: research

Microbial identification systems: Making us tilt at windmills ?
S Khan, A KumarIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):260-261 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: S Khan A Kumar Source Type: research

First report on the detection of OXA-48 & #946;-lactamase gene in Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa co-infection isolated from a patient in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Assam
Vedant Vikrom Borah, Kandarpa Kumar Saikia, Naba Kumar HazarikaIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):252-253 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Vedant Vikrom Borah Kandarpa Kumar Saikia Naba Kumar Hazarika Source Type: research

New Delhi metallo- & #946;-lactamase and extended spectrum & #946;-lactamases co-producing isolates are high in community-acquired urinary infections in Assam as detected by a novel multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay
Conclusion: NDM and ESBL co-producing isolates were both community (64.7%) and hospital (35.29%) acquired among E. coli. Antibiotic resistance can be effectively evaluated by a cost and time effective molecular method, such as the multiplex PCR used in this study, which complement culture and sensitivity tests. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: VV Borah KK Saikia P Chandra NK Hazarika R Chakravarty Source Type: research

"Clostridium difficile associated pseudomembranous colitis: An under-recognized threat" - Scenario from a Tertiary Care Hospital
Shivani Tyagi, Aroma OberoiIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):267-268 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Shivani TyagiAroma Oberoi Source Type: research

A case of suppurative thyroiditis caused by Salmonella presented with thyrotoxicosis
Fatih Kuzu, Dilek Arpaci, Fatma Zor Acar, Sevval Peynir Tikanak, Guldeniz Karadeniz Cakmak, Guven Celebi, Füsun Comert, Sevil Ilikhan Uygun, Taner BayraktarogluIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):266-267 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fatih KuzuDilek ArpaciFatma Zor AcarSevval Peynir TikanakGuldeniz Karadeniz CakmakGuven CelebiF├╝sun ComertSevil Ilikhan UygunTaner Bayraktaroglu Source Type: research

Predatory journals
S Chauhan, N KashyapIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):264-264 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: S ChauhanN Kashyap Source Type: research

Ocular dirofilariasis: Series of three cases and review of literature
P Kale, A Ghosh, S Dash, A Baidya, JC Samantaray, S MohapatraIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):264-265 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: P KaleA GhoshS DashA BaidyaJC SamantarayS Mohapatra Source Type: research

Re-emergence of chloramphenicol-susceptible Salmonella Typhi and Paratyphi A strains in India
U Ramesh, S Das, A BalasubramanianIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):262-263 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: U RameshS DasA Balasubramanian Source Type: research

Epidemiological study of malaria cases in North East region of India
J Sharma, P Dutta, SA KhanIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):261-262 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: J SharmaP DuttaSA Khan Source Type: research

Microbial identification systems: Making us tilt at windmills?
S Khan, A KumarIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):260-261 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: S KhanA Kumar Source Type: research

Application of lean principles/ lean management can improve
P AroraIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):259-260 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: P Arora Source Type: research

Needle-stick injury among health care workers and its response in a tertiary care hospital
S Malhotra, S Sharma, NJK Bhatia, C HansIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):258-259 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: S MalhotraS SharmaNJK BhatiaC Hans Source Type: research

Onychomycosis of toenails caused by Syncephalastrum racemosum: A rare non-dermatophyte mould
N Jindal, N Kalra, S Arora, D Arora, R BansalIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):257-258 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: N JindalN KalraS AroraD AroraR Bansal Source Type: research

Rabies following mongoose bite
RS Mani, AP Moorkoth, P Balasubramanian, KLS Devi, SN MadhusudanaIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):256-257 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: RS ManiAP MoorkothP BalasubramanianKLS DeviSN Madhusudana Source Type: research

Multi-drug resistant tuberculous meningitis
Priti Kambli, Chaitali Nikam, Anjali Shetty, Rajeev Soman, Camilla RodriguesIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):255-255 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Priti KambliChaitali NikamAnjali ShettyRajeev SomanCamilla Rodrigues Source Type: research

Evaluation of a new molecular method illumigene for detection of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea
S Sarma, S Sharma, A Kaur, N Ahmad, Y MehtaIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):253-254 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: S SarmaS SharmaA KaurN AhmadY Mehta Source Type: research

First report on the detection of OXA-48 β-lactamase gene in Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa co-infection isolated from a patient in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Assam
Vedant Vikrom Borah, Kandarpa Kumar Saikia, Naba Kumar HazarikaIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):252-253 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Vedant Vikrom BorahKandarpa Kumar SaikiaNaba Kumar Hazarika Source Type: research

Detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases
PNS Rao, SR PrasadIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):251-252 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: PNS RaoSR Prasad Source Type: research

Rapid action by Chandigarh: Flew away the threat of bird flu
MP Singh, K GoyalIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):250-251 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: MP SinghK Goyal Source Type: research

New alternative compounds inhibiting Candida growth and biofilms
S BhattacharyyaIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):249-250 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: S Bhattacharyya Source Type: research

Success of the HIV Program in preventing parent-to-child HIV transmission: A three-year experience from a tertiary care hospital in North India
V Gupta, M Kaur, K Chavan, V Gupta, N Johar, J ChanderIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):248-268 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: V GuptaM KaurK ChavanV GuptaN JoharJ Chander Source Type: research

Fasciolopsiasis: Endemic focus of a neglected parasitic disease in Bihar
Sumeeta KhuranaIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):247-247 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sumeeta Khurana Source Type: research

Tricky typhus ticks two: A report of two sisters from North India presenting with acute respiratory distress syndrome due to scrub typhus
R Pai, R Chaudhry, N Gupta, PB Sryma, A Biswas, AB DeyIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):244-246Scrub typhus is emerging as an important cause of acute febrile illness in Northern India. This is a report of two sisters presenting concurrently with acute respiratory distress syndrome. A diagnosis of scrub typhus was made in both the patients, and they were successfully treated with doxycycline. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: R PaiR ChaudhryN GuptaPB SrymaA BiswasAB Dey Source Type: research

Isolation of Mycobacterium kumamotonense from a patient with pulmonary infection and latent tuberculosis
We report, for the first time in Greece, the isolation of M. kumamotonense from an immunocompetent patient with pulmonary infection and latent tuberculosis. M. kumamotonense was identified by sequencing analysis of 16S rDNA and 65-kDa heat shock protein genes while by commercial molecular assays it was misidentified as Mycobacterium celatum. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by the reference broth microdilution method. The strain was susceptible to amikacin, clarithromycin, rifampin, ciprofloxacin, moxifloxacin, rifabutin, ethambutol and linezolid. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fanourios KontosDimitrios Nikitas MavromanolakisMarina Chari ZandeZoe Georgios Gitti Source Type: research

Seroepidemiological survey of health care workers in Maharashtra
Conclusion: Need of vaccination and for post-vaccination serological testing of all HCWs considering the high rates of non-responders and low responders (anti-HBs-34.2%). Importance of educating the HCWs of safety precautions while handling body fluids, and the management of ' sharps ' injuries. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: S TaisheteA Chowdhary Source Type: research

An outbreak of hepatitis A virus among children in a flood rescue camp: A post-disaster catastrophe
We report an outbreak of acute viral hepatitis among children in a flood rescue camp at Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand State, India. In May 2013, there was a disastrous natural calamity, The Himalayan Tsunami in Himalayan and Sub-Himalayan region of Uttarakhand. More than 5700 people were feared dead, and thousands were sheltered in different rescue camps. A linkage was hypothesised between the infected individuals and the common water sources feared of being contaminated faecally. Aetiological agent of the present outbreak was HAV that is emerging in an outbreak form in India, emphasizing a definite need for formulat...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: S PalD JuyalM SharmaS KotianV NegiN Sharma Source Type: research

Paediatric leptospirosis: A population based case-control study from Chennai, India
R Narayanan, G Sumathi, SG Prabhakaran, S Shanmughapriya, K NatarajaseenivasanIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):228-232The surveillance in Chennai identified 134 children and 443 adults clinically suspected for leptospirosis. Of these, 35 (26.1%) children and 118 (26.6%) adults had laboratory confirmed diagnosis for leptospirosis. The paediatric leptospirosis exhibited a higher frequency of classic features of Weil's disease. The prevalent serovar encountered was Icterohaemorrhagiae with no difference in the pattern of infecting serovars between the two groups. Further, confirmation of diagnosis was ...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: R NarayananG SumathiSG PrabhakaranS ShanmughapriyaK Natarajaseenivasan Source Type: research

Antimicrobial resistance trends in blood culture positive Salmonella Paratyphi A isolates from Pondicherry, India
In this study, a total of 284 blood culture isolates of S. Paratyphi A were investigated. Of these isolates, 281 (98.9%) were nalidixic acid resistant. A high rate (6.3%) of high-level resistance (≥4 μg/mL) was found to ciprofloxacin. The isolates with ciprofloxacin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ≥12 μg/mL had 4 mutations, 2 mutations within the quinolone resistance-determining region of gyrA and 2 mutations also in parC. According to the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute 2012 MIC breakpoints, 75.0% of isolates were resistant to ciprofloxacin. Finally, 3 major pulsed-field gel elect...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: GA MenezesBN HarishMA KhanW GoessensJP Hays Source Type: research

Ribosomal RNA-based panbacterial polymerase chain reaction for rapid diagnosis of septicaemia in Intensive Care Unit patients
Mahua Das Gupta, Harsimran Kaur, Pallab Ray, Vikas Gautam, GD PuriIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):219-221Early diagnosis and treatment of sepsis by appropriate antibiotics is of utmost importance. Therefore, we evaluated 16S rRNA panbacterial polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for rapid diagnosis of sepsis in 49 adult patients in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) and compared it with an automated blood culture. 8 ml of 10 ml blood collected was inoculated into BACTEC® aerobic bottle and the remaining 2 ml was used for DNA extraction and PCR. 109 of 115 (93%) episodes of suspected sepsis showed concordant resu...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Mahua Das GuptaHarsimran KaurPallab RayVikas GautamGD Puri Source Type: research

An Xpert screen to identify carbapenemases
Mubin Kazi, Chaitali Nikam, Anjali Shetty, Camilla RodriguesIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):216-218To prevent the spread of carbapenemases-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) active surveillance, contact isolation and cohorting infected patients should be practiced. Rectal swabs for the Xpert MDRO-assay of 32 patients were included. 71.85% were positive for targets incorporated into the MDRO-assay; whereas 28% were phenotypically not CRE and Xpert negative (9.37% had different mechanism [bla OXA]). The assay identified 59.3%, 9.37% and 3.1% as bla NDM, bla NDM+VIM and bla VIM, respectively. The assay is a ...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Mubin KaziChaitali NikamAnjali ShettyCamilla Rodrigues Source Type: research

Chikungunya virus infection in West Bengal, India
Conclusion: Re-emergence and resurgence of the Chikungunya virus requires continuous monitoring. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: S ChattopadhyayR MukherjeeA NandiN Bhattacharya Source Type: research

Typing of Plasmodium falciparum DNA from 2 years old Giemsa-stained dried blood spots using nested polymerase chain reaction assay
D Kumar, S Dhiman, B Rabha, D Goswami, K Yadav, M Deka, V Veer, I BaruahIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2016 34(2):210-212A panel of 129 Giemsa-stained thick blood spots (TBS) confirmed for Plasmodium falciparum infection having different levels of parasite density were collected from a malaria endemic area. DNA was extracted and nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was performed to amplify P. falciparum DNA. Nested PCR assay successfully amplified P. falciparum DNA at a very low parasitaemia of ~10 parasites/μl of blood. Current PCR assay is very simple and can be used retrospectively to monitor the in...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: D KumarS DhimanB RabhaD GoswamiK YadavM DekaV VeerI Baruah Source Type: research

Fixed-dose combinations of antimicrobials: A need for special attention
Conclusions: There are several inadequately addressed aspects of the considered FDCs which are available in Indian market. In view of the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance, this issue must get the required attention. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: N ShafiqG KumarV GautamP RayS Malhotra Source Type: research

Candida albicans outbreak associated with total parenteral nutrition in the neonatal unit
Conclusion: According to results of the molecular methods, we thought that a C. albicans outbreak had occurred in the neonatal pediatric unit, due to contamination of TPN solution. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: H GuducuogluB GultepeB OtluA BektasO YildirimO TuncerM Berktas Source Type: research

A prospective study of wound infection among post-discharge patients at a level 1 trauma centre of India
Conclusions: Wound infections are common after discharge among trauma patients highlighting the importance of active surveillance and participation of patients. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: K SharmaBT ThanbuanaAK GuptaN RajkumariP MathurJ GunjiyalMC Misra Source Type: research

Mutational prevalence of chloroquine resistance transporter gene among Plasmodium falciparum field isolates in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, India
Conclusion: Our study has confirmed high prevalence of mutant Pfcrt genotypes associated with chloroquine resistance in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, India. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - April 14, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: J SharmaM SoniP DuttaSA KhanJ Mahanta Source Type: research