Molecular characterization of CTX-M type Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase producing E. coli isolated from humans and the environment
Conclusion: The spatial presentation of GIS mapping allowed identification of clustering among patients and healthy individuals and contaminated environmental points. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: EA GeorgeS SankarMV JesudasanC SudandiradossB Nandagopal Source Type: research

Screening of the novel colicinogenic gram-negative rods against pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7
Conclusion: Nonhaemolytic, acid tolerant and sensitive to antibiotics suggests the possible use of these circulating endothelial cells (CEC) as inexpensive and inoffensive therapeutic agent (probiotics) in E. coli O157:H7 infections. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: M RizwanB AhmadJ BakhtH MushtaqN Bacha Source Type: research

The association between serum YKL-40 levels, mean platelet volume, and c-reactive protein in patients with cellulitis
A Erturk, E Cure, MC Cure, E Parlak, A Kurt, S OgullarIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(5):61-66Background: Lower limb cellulitis is an infectious disease that has serious complications unless it is treated. Objectives: In this pilot study, we evaluated whether levels of YKL-40, an acute-phase reactant, and mean platelet volume (MPV), which occurs secondary to inflammation in cellulitis, increase compared to healthy subjects. We also aimed to investigate the association between YKL-40 and MPV in the prognosis of the patients. Material and Methods: A total of 55 patients with cellulitis (23 men and 32 women) an...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: A ErturkE CureMC CureE ParlakA KurtS Ogullar Source Type: research

The last mile problem
B ChatterjeeIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(5):59-60 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: B Chatterjee Source Type: research

A method for early detection of antibiotic resistance in positive blood cultures: Experience from an oncology centre in eastern India
Conclusions: DST using disk diffusion from positive blood culture broths helps to initiate early targeted antibiotic therapy. There is high concordance between DST and AST. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: G GoelD DasS MukherjeeS BoseK DasR MahatoS Bhattacharya Source Type: research

Early detection of multi-drug resistance and common mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Delhi using GenoType MTBDRplus assay
Conclusion: GenoType MTBDRplus is a useful assay for rapid detection of MDR-TB. The common mutations for RIF and INH were similar to those seen in other regions. However, mutations determining MDR strains and mono-resistant strains differed significantly for both RIF and INH. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: R SinghalVP MyneeduJ AroraN SinghM BhallaA VermaR Sarin Source Type: research

Association of mycobacterium tuberculosis in the causation of Eales' disease: An institutional experience
Conclusion: Patients with a high TST reading and ESR value and a positive PCR in vitreous samples have a high likelihood of having M. tuberculosis as an etiology. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: RajpalUB SinghS MohapatraVK WaghC PorwalA Kaushik Source Type: research

Optimisation and analysis of polymerase chain reaction based DNA sequencing for genotyping polyoma virus in renal transplant patients: A report from South India
Conclusion: BKV genotype I is the prominent genotype in India and novel mutations detected in the VP1 gene of BKV and JCV are being reported for the first time in literature. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: HN MadhavanR BagyalakshmiM RevathyP AarthiJ Malathi Source Type: research

Prevalence of non-responsiveness to an indigenous recombinant hepatitis B vaccine: A study among South Indian health care workers in a tertiary hospital
RJ Thomas, GJ Fletcher, H Kirupakaran, MP Chacko, S Thenmozhi, CE Eapen, G Chandy, P AbrahamIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(5):32-36Background and Aim: Health care workers (HCW) are at higher risk of contracting HBV infection. Non-response to HBV vaccine is one of the major impediments to prevent healthcare associated HBV infection (HAHI). We estimated the prevalence of non-responsiveness to initial 3-dose regimen of an indigenous recombinant HBV vaccine (GeneVac-B) among South Indian HCWs and typed the HLA in non-responders. Study Design and Method: Of the 778 subjects screened over 1 year, 454 completed al...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: RJ ThomasGJ FletcherH KirupakaranMP ChackoS ThenmozhiCE EapenG ChandyP Abraham Source Type: research

Performance of rapid influenza diagnostic tests (QuickVue) for Influenza A and B Infection in India
Conclusions: The high specificity of QuickVue suggest that this POC test can be a useful tool for patient management or triaging during a public health crisis but a low sensitivity suggests that a negative test result need to be further tested using RT-PCR. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: PA KoulH MirMA BhatUH KhanMM KhanMS ChadhaRB Lal Source Type: research

The predictive value of early indicators for HBeAg seroconversion in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients with Telbivudine treatment for 104 weeks
Juan Wang, Ling-yao Du, Xia Zhu, En-qiang Chen, Hong TangIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(5):20-25Purpose: Through an observation on HBeAg-positive chronic hepatits B (CHB) patients in Telbivudine (LDT) treatment for 104 weeks, we tried to explore valuable early predictors for HBeAg seroconversion during the treatment. Materials and Methods: A prospective study lasting for 104 weeks was conducted, and the patients enrolled were administered with LDT 600 mg daily. The medical evaluation went every 12 weeks, then the age distribution, baseline ALT level, early HBVDNA, HBsAg and HBeAg levels at baseline, week 12...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Juan WangLing-yao DuXia ZhuEn-qiang ChenHong Tang Source Type: research

Comparison of conventional, immunological and molecular techniques for the diagnosis of symptomatic congenital human cytomegalovirus infection in neonates and infants
Conclusion: Detection of HCMV DNA in urine combined with anti-HCMV IgM are suitable assays to diagnose HCMV infection in infants. Both PCR from the blood and HCMV pp65 antigenaemia lack sensitivity in infants. Salivary PCR combines convenience with high sensitivity and can substitute PCR from urine, especially in the outpatient and field settings. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study from India to evaluate salivary PCR for the diagnosis of congenital HCMV infection. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: A ChoudharySK PatiRK PatroAK DeorariL Dar Source Type: research

Design and development of compact monitoring system for disaster remote health centres
Conclusion: The packet delivery ratio and throughput of the real time version of EELSRP protocol is increased by 3% and 10%, respectively, when compared to the simulated version of EELSRP. The end-to-end delay and energy consumption are reduced by 10% and 2% in the real time version of EELSRP. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: S SanthiGS Sadasivam Source Type: research

Regulatory categories of probiotics across the globe: A review representing existing and recommended categorization
This article will explain differences in regulatory categorizations across the globe; discuss the terms like food and drugs with a close relationship to probiotics, the problems associated with unsatisfactorily approached categorization as well as suggestive consolidations for the new categorization which will demarcate probiotics into categories explaining their nutritive claims, health claims or both. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: M AroraA Baldi Source Type: research

Publishing supplement of a Journal
A KapilIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(5):1-1 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - February 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: A Kapil Source Type: research

"Longitude prize:" Save the world and win 10 million sterling pounds!!
A GhafurIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):196-197 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: A Ghafur Source Type: research

Medical microbiology for nurses
M DebIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):195-195 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: M Deb Source Type: research

Dual infection of measles and rubella in chitradurga district, Karnataka, India
NJ Shaikh, CG Raut, DP Sinha, MJ ManjunathIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):193-194 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: NJ ShaikhCG RautDP SinhaMJ Manjunath Source Type: research

Cutaneous TB-presenting as recurrent non-healing sinuses
BK Madhusudhan, B MadhusudhanIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):192-193 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: BK MadhusudhanB Madhusudhan Source Type: research

CTX-M and PER-1 group extended spectrum β-lactamases-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa from the patients of lower respiratory tract infection
S Saxena, G Banerjee, R Garg, M SinghIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):191-192 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: S SaxenaG BanerjeeR GargM Singh Source Type: research

Carriage of quinolone resistance in faecal coliforms among healthy individuals: A study from northeast India
M Ajij, D Paul, A BhattacharjeeIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):190-191 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: M AjijD PaulA Bhattacharjee Source Type: research

Risk factors and genotypes of HCV infected patients attending tertiary care hospital in North India
N Jindal, R Bansal, P Grover, R MalhotraIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):189-190 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: N JindalR BansalP GroverR Malhotra Source Type: research

Four year data from an ICTC of a tertiary care hospital in Jaipur, Rajasthan
ER SabharwalIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):187-189 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: ER Sabharwal Source Type: research

Detection of various types of resistance patterns and their correlation with minimum inhibitory concentrations against clindamycin among methicillin resistant S. aureus isolates
S Arora, N Jindal, V SharmaIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):187-187 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: S AroraN JindalV Sharma Source Type: research

16S rRNA PCR for the diagnosis of culture-negative Bartonella quintana endocarditis: The importance of sample type
YT Chin, R Hasan, A QamruddinIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):185-186 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: YT ChinR HasanA Qamruddin Source Type: research

Evaluation of new chromogenic media for identification of uropathogens from complicated urinary tract infections in a tertiary healthcare setting
B Mohan, P Gupta, SB Appannanavar, G Singh, N TanejaIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):183-184 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: B MohanP GuptaSB AppannanavarG SinghN Taneja Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of coinfections among blood donors in tertiary health care centre of Jammu region
M Dogra, A Dogra, M Sidhu, U KotwalIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):181-182 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: M DograA DograM SidhuU Kotwal Source Type: research

A preliminary study screening cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae for blaCTX-M and blaampC isolated from Kumaun region, India
Umesh , M Shahid, V Rawat, HM Khan, A Singh, F SobiaIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):180-181 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: UmeshM ShahidV RawatHM KhanA SinghF Sobia Source Type: research

Diagnostic dilemma in hookworm infection: An unusual case report
B Sharma, S Mohapatra, AM Kumar, M DebIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):179-180 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: B SharmaS MohapatraAM KumarM Deb Source Type: research

Hygiene practices and sexual activity associated with urinary tract infection in rural pregnant women of Nagpur, India
SS Thakre, SN Dhakne, SB Thakre, SN UghadeIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):177-178 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: SS ThakreSN DhakneSB ThakreSN Ughade Source Type: research

New intensive care unit and bacterial epidemiology
SQ Yu, HQ Zhou, LJ LiuIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):176-176 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: SQ YuHQ ZhouLJ Liu Source Type: research

Shewanella algae in acute gastroenteritis
S Dey, D Bhattacharya, S Roy, SD Nadgir, A Patil, SD KholkuteIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):172-175Shewanella algae is an emerging bacteria rarely implicated as a human pathogen. Previously reported cases of S. algae have mainly been associated with direct contact with seawater. Here we report the isolation of S. algae as the sole etiological agent from a patient suffering from acute gastroenteritis with bloody diarrhoea. The bacterium was identified by automated identification system and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Our report highlights the importance of looking for the relatively rare aetiological...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: S DeyD BhattacharyaS RoySD NadgirA PatilSD Kholkute Source Type: research

Facial lupus vulgaris of bilateral periorbital skin and conjunctiva: A case report and brief review
S Verma, G Verma, V Shanker, GR Tegta, A Sharma, ML PandeyIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):168-171A 22-year-old male presented to the Dermatology Department with bilateral plaque lesions distributed symmetrically over malar area, bridge of nose and upper eyelids progressing over 1 year 3 months. Lesion remained unhealed after antibiotic treatment. Microscopy and culture for fungal and mycobacterial infections were negative. The Mantoux test showed an exaggerated response and PCR was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Patient was treated successfully with anti-tubercular therapy. (Source: Indi...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: S VermaG VermaV ShankerGR TegtaA SharmaML Pandey Source Type: research

Cutaneous fungal infection in a renal transplantation patient due to a rare fungus belonging to order Pleosporales
S Galipothu, U Kalawat, R Ram, C Kishore, AVSSN Sridhar, A Chaudhury, VS KumarIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):165-167Fungal infections are being increasingly reported from immuno-compromised as well as immuno-competent patients. Transplant patients are on long term immunosuppressive therapy which makes them highly vulnerable to opportunistic fungal infections .These infections can be cutaneous or systemic. Several fungi have been reported to be the culprits such as Candida spp., Aspergillus spp., C. neoformans, P. carinii, and zygomycetes group of fungi. Cutaneous infections are most commonly caused by Pi...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: S GalipothuU KalawatR RamC KishoreAVSSN SridharA ChaudhuryVS Kumar Source Type: research

Disseminated penicilliosis marneffei in immunocompetent patients: A report of two cases
We report here two cases of disseminated penicilliosis marneffei in immunocompetent hosts. Penicillium marneffei disseminated to the brain in one patient and to the bone marrow in the other patient. Both patients received amphotericin B liposome. The cases illustrate the importance of considering penicilliosis marneffei as causes of systemic infections in immunocompetent patients. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Feng YeQun LuoYing ZhouJiaxing XieQingsi ZengGuoqin ChenDanhong SuRongchang Chen Source Type: research

Hemophilus influenzae meningitis and septicaemia in a 14-month-old child after primary immunisation
We report a 14-month-male child, who developed Hemophilus influenzae meningitis after three primary doses of the vaccine. The child presented with fever and seizures. H. influenzae was isolated from both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood. The child also had features of septicaemia. Procalcitonin (104 ng/ml) and C-reactive protein (CRP - 42.6 mg/dl) were high. Appropriate antibiotics were given. The child made an uneventful recovery. This case highlights vaccine failure, especially after primary immunisation alone. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: B TaraiN RavishankarP VohraP Das Source Type: research

Eosinophilic meningitis: A case series and review of literature of Angiostrongylus cantonensis and Gnathostoma spinigerum
We present two children with eosinophilic meningitis with peripheral eosinophilia and the proposed etiologic agents based on the clinical setting and their response to antihelminthic agents. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: I ShahS BarotM Madvariya Source Type: research

Diagnosis of primary hydatid cyst of thigh by fine needle aspiration cytology
We report an unusual case of primary hydatid cyst of thigh in proximity to skeletal muscles. This case illustrates that echinococcal disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of every subcutaneous cystic mass. This case is presented here for its rarity. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: KA BothaleH KolheSD MahoreAR Wilkinson Source Type: research

Profile of fatal Streptococcal bacteraemia at a tertiary care Indian hospital
P Punia, N Bhardwaj, P Mathur, G Gupta, MC MisraIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):148-151Streptococcus pyogenes causes mild to acutely life-threatening diseases. Herein, we report our experience with five cases of fatal bacteraemia due to various groups of Streptococci, three of them due to Group G Streptococcus and one case each due to Group A Streptococcus and Group F Streptococcus. The peculiarity of all these cases was the rapidity of deaths occurring in these patients despite all the strains being sensitive to Penicillin. Hence, timely intervention in all suspected cases is strongly advocated. All isol...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: P PuniaN BhardwajP MathurG GuptaMC Misra Source Type: research

GenoType  MTBDR assay for detection of rifampicin and isoniazid resistance
Viroj WiwanitkitIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):147-147 (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Viroj Wiwanitkit Source Type: research

Emergence of influenza A (H1N1) PDM09 in the remote Islands of India - A molecular approach
Conclusion: A (H1N1) PDM09 Influenza outbreak have highlighted the need to strengthen the region-specific pandemic preparedness plans and surveillance strategies. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: N MuruganandamD BhattacharyaIK ChaaithanyaH BhattacharyaR ReesuA MaileGSJ BharathiAP SugunanP Vijayachari Source Type: research

YnfA , a SMR family efflux pump is abundant in Escherichia coli isolates from urinary infection
SK Sarkar, A Bhattacharyya, SM MandalIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):139-142A quantitative study was undertaken to determine the expression level of different efflux pumps in multi-drug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli isolates from urinary infection. We have determined the presence of different efflux pumps and measured the expression level of tolC, mdfA, norE and ynfA genes among 48 isolates by quantitative real-time PCR. The expression level of tolC and ynfA was constantly high and observed among 75-80% of isolates, whereas mdfA and norE were expressed occasionally. Our findings suggest that ynfA, a ne...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: SK SarkarA BhattacharyyaSM Mandal Source Type: research

Phenotyping of Salmonella serotypes isolated from natural sources of water in rural areas of East Sikkim
The objective of the study was to conduct bacteriological analysis of water with special reference to Salmonella spp from natural sources of rural habitations of East Sikkim. A total of 28 Salmonella serovars isolated were biotyped, phage typed and tested for their anti-microbial susceptibility. All the isolates of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi belonged to Biotype I. Four isolates of S. typhi belonged to phage type A. All S. paratyphi A isolates belong to phage 2. All the isolates were sensitive to chloramphenicol, cefixime and amikacin. Untreated natural water sources are unsafe for human consumption. (Source: Indian ...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: S PooniaTS SinghDC Tsering Source Type: research

A preliminary study of recombinant human interferon-α-2a activity against rabies virus in murine model
S Roy, D Patil, S Ghadigaonkar, R Roy, S Mukherjee, A Chowdhary, R DeshmukhIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(1):132-135Rabies remains an important public health problem in the world due to uncontrolled enzootic rabies. Although rabies associated fatalities may be prevented with timely immunoprophylaxis, but till date a therapeutic molecule has remained elusive. We investigated the role of rhuIFN α-2a in murine model challenged with rabies virus. Titre of 10 4.25 LD 50 /0.03 ml of 10% w/v RV CVS stock suspension were obtained. Based on 1LD 50 titre, challenge dose of 50 LD 50 was administered along with rh...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: S RoyD PatilS GhadigaonkarR RoyS MukherjeeA ChowdharyR Deshmukh Source Type: research

Biomedical waste management: Study on the awareness and practice among healthcare workers in a tertiary teaching hospital
This study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital to assess the impact of training, audits and education/implementations from 2009 to 2012 on awareness and practice of biomedical waste segregation. Our study reveals focused training, strict supervision, daily surveillance, audits inspections, involvement of hospital administrators and regular appraisals are essential to optimise the segregation of biomedical waste. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: L JosephH PaulJ PremkumarRabindranathR PaulJS Michael Source Type: research

Hand hygiene in reducing transient flora on the hands of healthcare workers: An educational intervention
Conclusions: The study demonstrates that transient bacteria are present on the hands of HCWs but majority could be removed by proper hand hygiene, which needs continuous education to be effective. It also shows that active education by demonstrating the proper hand hygiene technique and direct observation of the practices, though demanding, are ideal to understand the attitudes and practices of HCWs and helps in planning implementation strategies. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: R KapilHK BhavsarM Madan Source Type: research

Fungal rhinosinusitis: A clinicomycological perspective
Conclusion: FRS is a continuous spectrum of disease varying in presentation, treatment and long-term sequelae. Correct identification of the fungus remains essential for appropriate treatment. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: K Usha KrishnanD AgathaR Selvi Source Type: research

Outbreak of Burkholderia cepacia complex bacteremia in a chemotherapy day care unit due to intrinsic contamination of an antiemetic drug
Conclusions: This outbreak was thus linked to intrinsic contamination of medication vials. We acknowledge a delay in identifying the source as we were concentrating more on human errors in medication preparation and less on intrinsic contamination. We recommend that in an event of an outbreak, unopened vials be cultured at the outset. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: T SinghalS ShahR Naik Source Type: research

Novel synthetic anti-fungal tripeptide effective against Candida krusei
Conclusion: The peptide showed a significant antifungal activity against C. krusei. Thus, it can set a platform for the design of new effective therapeutic agents against C. krusei. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: K GillS KumarI XessS Dey Source Type: research

Anti-biofilm efficacy of silver nanoparticles against MRSA and MRSE isolated from wounds in a tertiary care hospital
Conclusions: Our findings suggested that AgNPs can be exploited towards the development of potential anti-bacterial coatings for various biomedical and environmental applications. In the near future, the AgNPs may play major role in the coating of medical devices and treatment of infections caused due to highly antibiotic resistant biofilm. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - January 5, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: MA AnsariHM KhanAA KhanSS CameotraMA Alzohairy Source Type: research