The economic considerations of patients and caregivers in choice of dialysis modality
Discussion Our data suggests that economic considerations underpin the choices patients make about dialysis treatments, however these are rarely reported. To promote home dialysis, strategies to improve employment retention and housing, and to minimize out‐of‐pocket costs, need to be addressed directly by healthcare providers and payers. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - May 14, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Rachael C. Walker, Kirsten Howard, Allison Tong, Suetonia C. Palmer, Mark R. Marshall, Rachael L. Morton Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

When it rains, it pours: Peripartum cardiomyopathy with features of left ‐ventricular noncompaction in a hemodialysis patient
Abstract Pregnancy and associated pre‐eclampsia carry a high maternal risk in hemodialysis patients, yet no guidelines on how to monitor these patients' cardiovascular function exist. A 34‐year‐old hemodialysis patient presented with peripartum cardiomyopathy after a late second trimester miscarriage. On cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, diagnostic features of left ventricular noncompaction were apparent. Yet, histological and gene panel analyses remained negative. Upon stringent dry weight control and pharmacological heart failure therapy, the pathological changes showed complete regression. As pregnant hemodialys...
Source: Hemodialysis International - May 4, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Marlies Antlanger, Andreas A. Kammerlander, Robert Ullrich, Michael Haidinger, Diana Bonderman, Julia Mascherbauer, Marcus D. S äemann Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Optimizing dialysate potassium
Abstract Potassium shifts in thrice weekly HD patients are likely a reversible cause of arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. In general, a dialysate potassium
Source: Hemodialysis International - May 4, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Jennifer Lee, David C. Mendelssohn Tags: Scholarly Review (Solicited) Source Type: research

Hemodialysis in a patient with severe hemophilia A and factor VIII inhibitor
We describe here a 28‐year‐old male patient with severe hemophilia A with presence of factor VIII inhibitor, who had end stage renal disease. Central venous access device was inserted along with infusion of factor eight inhibitor bypass activity before and after the procedure. He is currently on thrice weekly hemodialysis and doing well for 6 months without bleeding episodes. To our knowledge, hemophilia A with factor VIII inhibitor managed with hemodialysis has not been reported so far. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - May 4, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Natarajan Gopalakrishnan, Thiruvengadam Usha, Balasubramaniyan Thopalan, Jeyachandran Dhanapriya, Thanigachalam Dineshkumar, Kaliaperumal Thirumalvalavan, Ramanathan Sakthirajan Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Naturally nonanemic dialysis patients: Who are they?
Abstract Introduction Not only anemia, but also erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA)s for treating anemia may adversely affect prognosis of chronic hemodialysis patients. Various features of naturally (with no ESA usage) nonanemic patients may be useful for defining several factors in the pathogenesis of anemia. Methods Data, retrieved from the European Clinical Database (EuCliD)‐Turkey on naturally nonanemic prevalent chronic hemodialysis patients (n: 201) were compared with their anemic (those who required ESA treatment) counterparts (n: 3948). Findings Mean hemoglobin values were 13.5 ± 0.8 and ...
Source: Hemodialysis International - May 3, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Murvet Yilmaz, Fatih Kircelli, Ayse Serra Artan, Ozgur Oto, Gulay Asci, Kutay Gunestepe, Ali Basci, Ercan Ok, Mehmet Sukru Sever Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Esophageal perforation during cuffed tunneled catheter introduction: First case in literature
In this report, we present a case that was misplaced the catheter in esophagus and to analyze the reason of catheter malposition during percutaneous tunneled hemodialysis catheter insertion. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - April 6, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Mehmet Burak Çildağ, Ömer Faruk Kutsi Köseoğlu Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Home hemodialysis in children
We describe the experience and outcomes of centers managing pediatric patients, and offer recommendations and practical tools to assist clinicians in providing quotidian dialysis for children, including infrastructural and staffing needs, equipment and prescriptions, and patient selection and training. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - April 6, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Daljit K Hothi, Lynsey Stronach, Kate Sinnott Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Peritoneal Dialysis as an option for unplanned initiation of chronic dialysis
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - April 5, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Dayana B. Dias, Vanessa Banin, Marcela L. Mendes, Pasqual Barretti, Daniela Ponce Tags: In a Few Words Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ TOC
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - April 5, 2016 Category: Hematology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION ‐ TOC Source Type: research

Effects of silymarin on biochemical and oxidative stress markers in end ‐stage renal disease patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis
Abstract Introduction End‐stage renal disease (ESRD) patients especially those undergoing dialysis are vulnerable to several complications, in particular those related to oxidative stress. Silymarin is an herbal medicine commonly used as an antioxidant in different pathologies. Methods To evaluate the effect of silymarin on biochemical and oxidative stress markers, 50 ESRD patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis were randomly divided into two groups of silymarin (n = 28) and control (n = 22) and received silymarin (140 mg every 8 hours) or placebo for 2 months, respectively. Ferric reducing an...
Source: Hemodialysis International - April 3, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Omidreza Firuzi, Soraya Khajehrezaei, Shahrokh Ezzatzadegan, Maryam Nejati, Keramat ‐Allah Jahanshahi, Jamshid Roozbeh Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of silymarin on biochemical and oxidative stress markers in end‐stage renal disease patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis
Abstract Introduction End‐stage renal disease (ESRD) patients especially those undergoing dialysis are vulnerable to several complications, in particular those related to oxidative stress. Silymarin is an herbal medicine commonly used as an antioxidant in different pathologies. Methods To evaluate the effect of silymarin on biochemical and oxidative stress markers, 50 ESRD patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis were randomly divided into two groups of silymarin (n = 28) and control (n = 22) and received silymarin (140 mg every 8 hours) or placebo for 2 months, respectively. Ferric reducing an...
Source: Hemodialysis International - April 3, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Omidreza Firuzi, Soraya Khajehrezaei, Shahrokh Ezzatzadegan, Maryam Nejati, Keramat‐Allah Jahanshahi, Jamshid Roozbeh Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prevalence of hypothyroidism and thyroid nodule in chronic hemodialysis Iranian patients
Abstract Introduction End stage renal disease (ESRD) reasons several changes in the function of thyroid gland as; lower levels of thyroid hormones, altered hormone metabolism, and increased iodine storage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of nodular goiter and hypothyroidism in hemodialysis (HD) patients compared with normal population. Methods This cross‐sectional study was conducted among HD patients and healthy people as the control group for thyroid function evaluation. Thyroid gland was evaluated by physical examination and ultrasonography. Blood level of FT3, FT4, TSH, TPO Ab, and urinary iodine...
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Maryam Pakfetrat, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Zahed Karimi, Alireza Rasekhi, Leila Malekmakan, Mohammad Hossein Nikoo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Extranasal Staphylococcus aureus colonization predisposes to bloodstream infections in patients on hemodialysis with noncuffed internal jugular vein catheters
Discussion Extranasal S. aureus carriage is as significant a risk factor as nasal carriage for staphylococcal infections in patients on HD through catheters. The study is limited by lack of molecular phenotyping. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Anand Devraj, Venkata Siva Tez Pinnamaneni, Manisha Biswal, Raja Ramachandran, Vivekanand Jha Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A comparison between physicians and computer algorithms for form CMS‐2728 data reporting
Discussion Using computer algorithms showed superior identification of comorbidities for form CMS‐2728 and altered standardized mortality ratios. Adapting similar algorithms in available EMR systems may offer more thorough evaluation of comorbidities and improve quality reporting. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Mohammed Said Malas, Jay Wish, Ranjani Moorthi, Shaun Grannis, Paul Dexter, Jon Duke, Sharon Moe Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Bone‐specific alkaline phosphatase and bone turnover in African American hemodialysis patients
Abstract Introduction Noninvasive measures of bone activity include intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and bone‐specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP). Whether BSAP measurement alone or in combination with other biochemical data provides more reliable information about bone turnover than iPTH alone in African Americans on hemodialysis is unknown. Methods This cross‐sectional study aimed to determine the optimal predictor and cutoff points for BSAP, iPTH, calcium and phosphorus in classifying bone biopsy findings. Forty‐three African American hemodialysis patients were available for analysis. Biochemical data on the day ...
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Lenar Yessayan, Carol Moore, Mei Lu, Jerry Yee Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Predialysis volume overload and patient‐reported sleep duration and quality in patients receiving hemodialysis
Discussion Hydration status was associated with self‐reported sleep duration in patients on dialysis. Future studies should prospectively examine the effects of optimizing fluid status on sleep duration and quality. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Adrian P. Abreo, Lorien S. Dalrymple, Glenn M. Chertow, George A. Kaysen, Charles A. Herzog, Kirsten L. Johansen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Hypomagnesemia as a predictor of mortality in hemodialysis patients and the role of proton pump inhibitors: A cross‐sectional, 1‐year, retrospective cohort study
This study aimed to evaluate the association between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and serum magnesium levels, and the role of hypomagnesemia and PPI use as a risk factor for mortality in hemodialysis patients. Methods An observational study, including a cross‐sectional and 1‐year retrospective cohort study. The study comprised 399 hemodialysis patients at a single center, and was conducted from January to September 2014. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to investigate the independent relationship between serum magnesium levels and baseline demographic and clinical variables, including PPI and histamine...
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Rika Ago, Toshihiro Shindo, Masataka Banshodani, Sadanori Shintaku, Misaki Moriishi, Takao Masaki, Hideki Kawanishi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Citrate vs. acetate dialysate on intradialytic heparin dose: A double blind randomized crossover study
Abstract Introduction Citrate containing dialysate has a calcium‐binding anticoagulant effect compared to standard acetic acid containing dialysate. We performed a randomized, double‐blind, crossover trial in maintenance HD patients to determine if citrate dialysate (“citrate”) safely allows for a lower cumulative heparin dose (“heparin dose”). Methods Intradialytic heparin was adjusted to the minimum during a 2‐week run‐in phase. Patients remaining on heparin at the end of the run‐in phase were then randomized to two weeks of HD with acetate dialysate (“acetate”) followed by t...
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Kelvin C. W. Leung, Davina J. Tai, Pietro Ravani, Rob R. Quinn, Nairne Scott‐Douglas, Jennifer M. MacRae Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Hemodialysis‐induced regional left ventricular systolic dysfunction
In this study, we evaluated the prevalence and potential risk factors associated with HD‐induced LV systolic dysfunction and provide some evidences for clinical strategies. Methods We recruited 31 standard HD patients for this study from Fudan University Zhongshan hospital. Echocardiography was performed predialysis, at peak stress during HD (15 minutes prior to the end of dialysis), and 30 minutes after HD. Auto functional imaging (AFI) was used to assess the incidence and persistence of HD‐induced regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs). Blood samples were drawn to measure biochemical variables. Findings&emsp...
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Yuxin Nie, Zhen Zhang, Jianzhou Zou, Yixiu Liang, Xuesen Cao, Zhonghua Liu, Bo Shen, Xiaohong Chen, Xiaoqiang Ding Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Efficacy of beta‐hydroxy‐beta‐methylbutyrate supplementation in maintenance hemodialysis patients
Discussion These results do not support the efficacy of HMB to attenuate co‐morbid conditions in MHD patients. Moreover, this highlights the need for future interventions targeted at reducing pill burden and improving pill compliance in this population. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Peter J. Fitschen, Annabel Biruete, Jinny Jeong, Kenneth R. Wilund Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Development, feasibility, and efficacy of a customized exercise device to deliver intradialytic resistance training in patients with end stage renal disease: Non‐randomized controlled crossover trial
This study assessed the feasibility and efficacy of a novel resistance training device used within an intradialytic progressive resistance training (PRT) intervention. Methods Non‐randomized, within‐subjects crossover design with outcomes assessed at baseline (week 0), postcontrol (week 13) and post‐PRT intervention (week 26). Twenty‐two hemodialysis patients (59% men, 71 ± 11 years) performed PRT three sessions per week for 12 weeks. The resistance training device was developed to enable the performance of 2 upper body and 3 lower body exercises, unilaterally and bilaterally, both before and d...
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Danwin Chan, Simon Green, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Robert Barnard, Birinder S. Cheema Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Results of human factors testing in a novel Hemodialysis system designed for ease of patient use
Abstract Introduction Home hemodialysis has not been widely adopted despite superior outcomes relative to conventional in‐center hemodialysis. Patients receiving home hemodialysis experience high rates of technique failure owing to machine complexity, training burden, and the inability to master treatments independently. Methods We conducted human factors testing on 15 health care professionals (HCPs) and 15 patients upon release of the defined training program on the Tablo™ Hemodialysis System. Each participant completed one training and one testing session conducted in a simulated clinical environment. Training sessions lasted
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Stephen B. Wilcox, Michelle Carver, May Yau, Peter Sneeringer, Sarah Prichard, Luis Alvarez, Glenn M. Chertow Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Hemothorax caused by replacement of hemodialysis catheter: A case report
We report a long‐term dialysis catheter accidentally inserted into the mediastinum via the right jugular vein in a hemodialysis patient. We also review complications associated with vascular catheterization and propose immediate therapeutic interventions for such cases. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Wenbo Zhang, Tao Liu, Xinling Wang, Yanhong Huo, Yingmin Jia, Li Su, Yuanyuan Liu Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Urgent hemodialysis with the use of peripheral veins to avoid catheter insertion
We present a unique approach, in a patient in whom the first two HD sessions were conducted without implantation of a catheter or AVF. The perfectly developed peripheral veins of a professional bodybuilder served as vascular access allowing catheter insertion to be avoided. The aim of this short case report is to recall a forgotten method for performing urgent HD in patients without a fistula, but with suitably enlarged superficial veins. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Tomasz Gołębiowski, Krzysztof Letachowicz, Waldemar Letachowicz, Mariusz Kusztal, Maciej Kanafa, Wacław Weyde, Marian Klinger Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Stent graft repair of iatrogenic femoral arteriovenous fistula with acute bleeding after hemodialysis catheter insertion
Abstract An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein. Double‐lumen catheters are widely used for gaining temporary access in patients requiring acute hemodialysis (HD). Several complications are associated with the insertion of these catheters, including bleeding, infection, arterial injuries, and deep venous thrombosis. An iatrogenic AVF is a rare and severe complication following catheterization for temporary HD. Here, we report the case of a patient who developed an iatrogenic AVF following catheterization for acute HD resulting in acute bleeding. A 61‐year‐old male experi...
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Chih‐Hsien Lee Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

When it rains, it pours: Peripartum cardiomyopathy with features of left‐ventricular noncompaction in a hemodialysis patient
Abstract Pregnancy and associated pre‐eclampsia carry a high maternal risk in hemodialysis patients, yet no guidelines on how to monitor these patients' cardiovascular function exist. A 34‐year‐old hemodialysis patient presented with peripartum cardiomyopathy after a late second trimester miscarriage. On cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, diagnostic features of left ventricular noncompaction were apparent. Yet, histological and gene panel analyses remained negative. Upon stringent dry weight control and pharmacological heart failure therapy, the pathological changes showed complete regression. As pregnant hemodialys...
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Marlies Antlanger, Andreas A. Kammerlander, Robert Ullrich, Michael Haidinger, Diana Bonderman, Julia Mascherbauer, Marcus D. Säemann Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Intensive dialysis and pregnancy
We describe the necessary counseling that women should receive before conception and before intensification of HD, and provide a detailed management strategy that includes nephrologic and obstetric care, should pregnancy occur. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Michelle Hladunewich, Dori Schatell Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Vascular refilling is independent of volume overload in hemodialysis with moderate ultrafiltration requirements
Discussion While vascular refilling and Fref is independent of Vo in treatments with moderate UF requirements, intravascular volume depletion increases with increasing UF requirements. The relationship between blood volume and Vo needs to be more closely examined in further studies to optimize volume control in everyday dialysis. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Susanne Kron, Daniel Schneditz, Til Leimbach, Sabine Aign, Joachim Kron Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Modifications to bicarbonate conductivity: A way to increase phosphate removal during hemodialysis? Proof of concept
Abstract Introduction Hyperphosphatemia and cardiovascular mortality are associated particularly with end‐stage renal disease. Available therapeutic strategies (i.e., diet restriction, calcium [or not]‐based phosphate binders, calcimimetics) are associated with extrarenal blood purification. Compartmentalization of phosphate limits its depuration during hemodialysis. Several studies suggest that plasmatic pH is involved in the mobilization of phosphate from intracellular to extracellular compartments. Consequently, the efficiency of modified bicarbonate conductivity to purify blood phosphate was tested. Methods Ten hem...
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 31, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Jean‐Philippe Bertocchio, Médérick Mohajer, Khaled Gaha, Laurent Ramont, Hervé Maheut, Philippe Rieu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Lower C ‐reactive protein and better hemodialysis survival are associated with regular exercise activity: Longitudinal outcomes from the ACTIVE‐ADIPOSE special study
Abstract Introduction Cross‐sectional and longitudinal studies in the general population have shown that a physically active lifestyle may have anti‐inflammatory properties, but evidence from studies conducted with maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients is limited. Methods A multicenter prospective cohort of 755 HD participants aged 20–92 was evaluated in a USRDS special study 2009–2013. Kilocalories/week (kcal/week) of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) was estimated from the Minnesota Leisure Time Activity questionnaire. Predialysis serum samples were obtained concurrent with LTPA report date. Generali...
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 6, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Nancy G. Kutner, Rebecca Zhang, Yijian Huang, George A. Kaysen, Jeanie Park Tags: QUALITY OF LIFE, OUTCOMES Source Type: research

Both pelvic radiography and lateral abdominal radiography correlate well with coronary artery calcification measured by computed tomography in hemodialysis patients: A cross‐sectional study
Discussion Both lateral abdominal and pelvic plain radiographs were demonstrated as acceptable alternatives to CT in evaluating vascular calcification. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - March 1, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Daqing Hong, Yizhe Ruan, Lei Pu, Xiang Zhong, Yuan Zhang, Yue Zhang, Fei Deng, Hongling Yang, Guisen Li, Li Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Low ‐dose aspirin for prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients on hemodialysis: A 5‐y prospective cohort study
In this study, 406 patients on regular HD were involved during a 5‐y follow‐up. Among these, 152 and 254 propensity‐matched patients were enrolled in the aspirin and nonaspirin cohort, respectively. The cumulative survival rate was not significantly higher in the aspirin than in the nonaspirin users (log rank χ2 = 1.080, P = 0.299). Aspirin use was not significantly associated with reduced all‐cause mortality, fatal and nonfatal congestive heart failure, as well as acute myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. The risk of fatal cerebral hemorrhage was not significantly increased i...
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 29, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Jun Liu, Yu Pan, Lei Chen, Qing Yan Qiao, Jing Wang, Li Hua Pan, Yan Hong Gu, Hui Fang Gu, Shun Kun Fu, Hui Min Jin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Persistent left superior vena cava: Two case reports and a review from nephrologists’ perspective
We present two patients with previously unspotted persistent left superior vena cava and uncomplicated hemodialysis catheter insertions through the internal jugular veins with good catheter functions. Review of the relevant literature from a nephrologists’ perspective with technical aspects is provided. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 3, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Tuncay Sahutoglu, Tamer Sakaci, Ekrem Kara, Elbis Ahbap, Taner Basturk, Yener Koc, Mustafa Sevinc, Cuneyt Akgol, Arzu Ozdemir Kayarlar, Zuhal Atan Ucar, Feyza Bayraktar Caglayan, Nuri Baris Hasbal, Perin Nazif, Mahmoud Isleem, Elif Sahutoglu, Abdulkadir U Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Nutritional education for management of osteodystrophy: Impact on serum phosphorus, quality of life, and malnutrition
Discussion The presence of competent renal dietitians fully dedicated to hemodialysis units was superior over the other protocols in temporarily improving patient outcomes. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 3, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Mirey Karavetian, Hafez Elzein, Rana Rizk, Rime Jibai, Nanne de Vries Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Dog ownership status and self ‐assessed health, life‐style and habitual physical activity in chronic hemodialysis patients
Abstract Introduction The Statement from the American Heart Association has emphasized a need for novel strategies that can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Taking a dog for a walk forces its owner to take physical activity. Several studies have explored the relationship between pet ownership and CVD and most reported benefits. This issue has not been investigated in dialysis patients. The aim of the study was to analyze the influence of pet ownership on health and physical activity in hemodialysis patients. Methods 270 chronic hemodialysis patients (172 male, 98 female, mean age 62.7 ±&thinsp...
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 2, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Magdalena Kuban, Jerzy Kr ólikowski, Michał Nowicki Tags: QUALITY OF LIFE, OUTCOMES Source Type: research

Persistent left superior vena cava: Two case reports and a review from nephrologists ’ perspective
We present two patients with previously unspotted persistent left superior vena cava and uncomplicated hemodialysis catheter insertions through the internal jugular veins with good catheter functions. Review of the relevant literature from a nephrologists’ perspective with technical aspects is provided. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 2, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Tuncay Sahutoglu, Tamer Sakaci, Ekrem Kara, Elbis Ahbap, Taner Basturk, Yener Koc, Mustafa Sevinc, Cuneyt Akgol, Arzu Ozdemir Kayarlar, Zuhal Atan Ucar, Feyza Bayraktar Caglayan, Nuri Baris Hasbal, Perin Nazif, Mahmoud Isleem, Elif Sahutoglu, Abdulkadir U Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Acquired reactive perforating collagenosis and pseudoporphyric bullous dermatosis in a hemodialysis patient
We report an exceptional case of a hemodialysis patient that developed acquired reactive perforating collagenosis and pseudoporphyric bullous dermatosis on the basis of common skin disorders which include hyperpigmentation, pruritus, xerosis cutis, and Linsday's nails. Interestingly, our patient presented with two unusual but distinctive cutaneous dermopathies on the background of other commonly seen skin alterations. The patient was successfully treated with allopurinol and N‐acetylcysteine. Avoidance of potentially triggering factors such as alcohol, sunlight exposure and certain medication was recommended. Thus, incre...
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 2, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Nikos Sabanis, Eleni Paschou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Asterios Kalaitzoglou, Dimitrios Papanikolaou, Sotiris Vasileiou, Ioannis Amplianitis Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Advanced interatrial block in hemodialysis patients
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 2, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Marco Marano, Anna D'Amato Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Attitudes toward stress and coping among primary caregivers of patients undergoing hemodialysis: A Q‐methodology study
This study was to identify attitudes about stress and coping among primary caregivers of HD patients. Methods Q‐methodology was undertaken because it integrates quantitative and qualitative research methods. A convenience sample of 33 primary caregivers of HD patients participated. Forty selected Q‐samples were obtained from each participant and were classified into a forced normal distribution using a nine‐point grid. Data was analyzed using a pc‐QUANL program. Findings Three discrete factors emerged as follows: Factor I (they reduced their stress by participating in religious activities; religious sublimation), F...
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 2, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Eun Ja Yeun, Ho Yoon Bang, Eun Jung Kim, Misoon Jeon, Eun Sil Jang, Eunmi Ham Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Use of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors after failure of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma undergoing hemodialysis: A single‐center experience with four cases
Abstract We retrospectively identified patients with end‐stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis treated with the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors as a second‐ and/or third‐line targeted therapy after treatment failure with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Patient medical records were reviewed to evaluate the response to therapies and treatment‐related toxicities. Four patients were identified. All patients had undergone nephrectomy, and one had received immunotherapy before targeted therapy. Two patients had clear cell histology, and the other two had papillary histol...
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 2, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Kenji Omae, Tsunenori Kondo, Toshio Takagi, Junpei Iizuka, Hirohito Kobayashi, Yasunobu Hashimoto, Kazunari Tanabe Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

The effect of zinc deficiency on salt taste acuity, preference, and dietary sodium intake in hemodialysis patients
Discussion Zinc deficiency may be related to low salt taste acuity and high salt preference, leading to high dietary sodium intake in HD patients. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 2, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: So Mi Kim, Miyeon Kim, Eun kyoung Lee, Soon Bae Kim, Jai Won Chang, Hyun Woo Kim Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Renal artery embolization in severe nephrotic syndrome
Discussion Renal artery embolization with the purpose of amelioration in nephrotic syndrome complications was effective and free of major technical complications in our patients. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 2, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Yalcin Solak, Osman Koc, Ramazan Ucar, Orhan Ozbek, Hasan Ergenc, Abduzhappar Gaipov, Suleyman Turk Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Serum calcium may not accurately predict intradialytic calcium mass transfer
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - February 2, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Salvatore Di Filippo, Antonio Bellasi, Francesco Locatelli Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

2015 List of Reviewers
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - January 28, 2016 Category: Hematology Tags: 2015 List of Reviewers Source Type: research

Hemodialysis Abstracts from the 36th Annual Dialysis Conference February 27–March 1, 2016 Seattle, Washington
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - January 28, 2016 Category: Hematology Tags: ABSTRACTS Source Type: research

Parting Thoughts From the outgoing ISHD President, Dr. Madhukar Misra
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - January 28, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Madhukar Misra Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ Society Ad
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - January 28, 2016 Category: Hematology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION ‐ SOCIETY AD Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ TOC
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - January 28, 2016 Category: Hematology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION ‐ TOC Source Type: research

Diagnosis of pheochromocytoma in a hemodialysis patient through measurement of plasma catecholamines
We report the case of a patient on chronic hemodialysis treatment with paroxysms of severe arterial hypertension accompanied by tachycardia, pallor, sweating and tremor. Measurement of plasma catecholamines revealed norepinephrine level of 4625 pg/mL (reference range 191–225 pg/mL), epinephrine level of 1035 pg/mL (58–76 pg/mL) and dopamine level of 148 pg/mL (50–100 pg/mL). MRI showed a left adrenal mass of 2 cm. After the patient was started on an alpha‐1 adrenergic receptor blocker, she underwent a left adrenalectomy. Anatomopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. Althou...
Source: Hemodialysis International - January 7, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Bram Vantomme, Jan Donck, Simon van Hooland, Anne Wauters, Marc De Clippele, Valerie Neirynck, Frédérique Huysman Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Increased prevalence of eosinophilia in a hemodialysis population: Longitudinal and case control studies
Abstract Eosinophilia is commonly found in patients with clinical reactions to the hemodialysis circuit. With modern membranes, such reactions have become less common, but they may be under diagnosed in patients with subtle symptoms, in whom the presence of eosinophilia is an important diagnostic feature. Two case reports are presented, along with a hemodialysis study of the frequency and clinical associations of eosinophilia. In three hemodialysis facilities, all current hemodialysis patients with persistent eosinophilia (greater than 1 × 109/L for 3 months) were identified. Control patients without eosinophilia (le...
Source: Hemodialysis International - January 7, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Sarah Hildebrand, Richard Corbett, Neill Duncan, Damien Ashby Tags: Original Article Source Type: research