Prolonged depression of knee ‐extensor torque complexity following eccentric exercise
New FindingsWhat is the central question of this study?Does eccentric exercise leading to prolonged knee ‐extensor torque depression also result in a prolonged loss of knee‐extensor torque complexity?What is the main finding and its importance?The recovery of the loss of torque complexity after eccentric exercise took 24  h, whereas after acute muscle fatigue it took 10 min. The depression of torque complexity after eccentric exercise was prolonged.AbstractNeuromuscular fatigue reduces the temporal structure, or complexity, of muscle torque output. Exercise ‐induced muscle damage reduces muscle torque outpu...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 28, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Jamie Pethick, Katherine Whiteaway, Samantha L. Winter, Mark Burnley Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Messages from the auricle ‐ limiting progression of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction through transcutaneous nerve stimulation of nerves in the external ear
Experimental Physiology, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 27, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Beatrice Bretherton, Susan Deuchars, Jim Deuchars Tags: VIEWPOINT Source Type: research

Ventilatory constraints influence physiological dead space in heart failure
New FindingsWhat is the central question of this study?The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of alterations in tidal volume and alveolar volume on the elevated physiological dead space and the contribution of ventilatory constraints thereof in heart failure patients during submaximal exercise.What is the main finding and its importance?We found that physiological dead space was elevated in heart failure via reduced tidal volume and alveolar volume. Furthermore, the degree of ventilatory constraints was associated with physiological dead space and alveolar volume.AbstractPatients who have heart failure with r...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Joshua R. Smith, Thomas P. Olson Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Evidence of high 18F ‐Fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in the subcutaneous adipose tissue of the dorsocervical area in young adults
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Borja Martinez ‐Tellez, Guillermo Sanchez‐Delgado, Juan M.A. Alcantara, Francisco M. Acosta, Francisco J. Amaro‐Gahete, Francisco J. Osuna‐Prieto, Alejandro Perez‐Bey, David Jimenez‐Pavon, Jose M. Llamas‐Elvira, Angel Gil, Concepci Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

The magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue is not intensity ‐dependent when cycling above critical power but relates to aerobic and anaerobic capacities
New FindingsWhat is the central question of this study?Is the magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue dependent upon exercise intensity above critical power (CP) whenW ′ (the curvature constant of the power ‐duration relationship) is depleted?What is the main finding and its importance?The magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue is the same following two bouts of supra ‐CP cycling (3 vs. 12 min) when controlling forW ′ depletion, but is larger for individuals of greater anaerobic capacity following the shorter, and smaller for individuals of greater aerobic capacity following the longer exercise. These findings ...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Lisa U. Sch äfer, Mark Hayes, Jeanne Dekerle Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Ventilatory constraints influence physiological dead space in heart failure
New FindingsWhat is the central question of this study?The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of alterations in tidal volume and alveolar volume on the elevated physiological dead space and the contribution of ventilatory constraints thereof in heart failure patients during submaximal exercise.What is the main finding and its importance?We found that physiological dead space was elevated in heart failure via reduced tidal volume and alveolar volume. Furthermore, the degree of ventilatory constraints was associated with physiological dead space and alveolar volume.AbstractPatients who have heart failure with r...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Joshua R. Smith, Thomas P. Olson Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Evidence of high 18F ‐Fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in the subcutaneous adipose tissue of the dorsocervical area in young adults
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Borja Martinez ‐Tellez, Guillermo Sanchez‐Delgado, Juan M.A. Alcantara, Francisco M. Acosta, Francisco J. Amaro‐Gahete, Francisco J. Osuna‐Prieto, Alejandro Perez‐Bey, David Jimenez‐Pavon, Jose M. Llamas‐Elvira, Angel Gil, Concepci Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

The magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue is not intensity ‐dependent when cycling above critical power but relates to aerobic and anaerobic capacities
New FindingsWhat is the central question of this study?Is the magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue dependent upon exercise intensity above critical power (CP) whenW ′ (the curvature constant of the power ‐duration relationship) is depleted?What is the main finding and its importance?The magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue is the same following two bouts of supra ‐CP cycling (3 vs. 12 min) when controlling forW ′ depletion, but is larger for individuals of greater anaerobic capacity following the shorter, and smaller for individuals of greater aerobic capacity following the longer exercise. These findings ...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Lisa U. Sch äfer, Mark Hayes, Jeanne Dekerle Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Smoking during pregnancy increases chemerin expression in neonatal tissue
We examined chemerin gene expression [n = 31 non‐smoker (NS) and 15 smoker (S)] and DNA methylation (n = 28 NS andn = 11 S) in skin collected from babies born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy as compared to non‐smoking controls. Quality RNA and DNA were isolated from foreskin tissue following circumcision, and chemerin gene expression and DNA methylation were assessed. Further, in a second cohort, we ut ilized primary dermal foreskin fibroblasts as a functional measure of adipogenesis in living cells (n = 11 NS andn = 8 S). Cells were stimulated with an adipogenic cocktail, mRNA was isola...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Leryn J. Reynolds, Niraj R. Chavan, Logan B. DeHoff, Joshua D. Preston, Hannah F. Maddox, John M. O'Brien, David A. Armstrong, Carmen J. Marsit, Kevin J. Pearson Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Humans: A homeothermic animal that needs perturbation?
Experimental Physiology, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Mike Tipton Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Impairment of rat esophageal muscle contractility associated with experimental non ‐erosive esophageal mucosal damage
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Kalinne Kelly Lima Gadelha, Francisco Jos é Batista‐Lima, Daniel Maia Nogueira Oliveira, Emanuella Feitosa de Carvalho, Daniel Sifrim, Armênio Aguiar dos Santos, Pedro Jorge Caldas Magalhães Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine concentrations are not related to differences in maximal oxygen uptake in endurance trained and untrained men
New FindingsWhat is the central question of this study?Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is related to exercise capacity in patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, no studies have investigated whether there are associations of plasma ADMA concentrations with oxygen (O2) delivery and subsequently exercise capacity in healthy subjects without potentially confounding influence of inflammation and oxidative stress.What is the main finding and its importance?Plasma ADMA concentrations are not related to exercise capacity in healthy subjects, while O2 delivery in the working skeletal muscle during maximal graded ‐exer...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Mehdi Pawlak ‐Chaouch, Julien Boissière, Désiré Munyaneza, Semah Tagougui, François‐Xavier Gamelin, Grégory Cuvelier, Elsa Heyman, Jean‐François Goossens, Amandine Descat, Serge Berthoin, Julien Aucouturier Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Smoking during pregnancy increases chemerin expression in neonatal tissue
We examined chemerin gene expression [n = 31 non‐smoker (NS) and 15 smoker (S)] and DNA methylation (n = 28 NS andn = 11 S) in skin collected from babies born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy as compared to non‐smoking controls. Quality RNA and DNA were isolated from foreskin tissue following circumcision, and chemerin gene expression and DNA methylation were assessed. Further, in a second cohort, we ut ilized primary dermal foreskin fibroblasts as a functional measure of adipogenesis in living cells (n = 11 NS andn = 8 S). Cells were stimulated with an adipogenic cocktail, mRNA was isola...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Leryn J. Reynolds, Niraj R. Chavan, Logan B. DeHoff, Joshua D. Preston, Hannah F. Maddox, John M. O'Brien, David A. Armstrong, Carmen J. Marsit, Kevin J. Pearson Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Humans: A homeothermic animal that needs perturbation?
Experimental Physiology, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Mike Tipton Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Impairment of rat esophageal muscle contractility associated with experimental non ‐erosive esophageal mucosal damage
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Kalinne Kelly Lima Gadelha, Francisco Jos é Batista‐Lima, Daniel Maia Nogueira Oliveira, Emanuella Feitosa de Carvalho, Daniel Sifrim, Armênio Aguiar dos Santos, Pedro Jorge Caldas Magalhães Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine concentrations are not related to differences in maximal oxygen uptake in endurance trained and untrained men
New FindingsWhat is the central question of this study?Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is related to exercise capacity in patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, no studies have investigated whether there are associations of plasma ADMA concentrations with oxygen (O2) delivery and subsequently exercise capacity in healthy subjects without potentially confounding influence of inflammation and oxidative stress.What is the main finding and its importance?Plasma ADMA concentrations are not related to exercise capacity in healthy subjects, while O2 delivery in the working skeletal muscle during maximal graded ‐exer...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Mehdi Pawlak ‐Chaouch, Julien Boissière, Désiré Munyaneza, Semah Tagougui, François‐Xavier Gamelin, Grégory Cuvelier, Elsa Heyman, Jean‐François Goossens, Amandine Descat, Serge Berthoin, Julien Aucouturier Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Effect of increased inspiratory muscle work on blood flow to inactive and active limbs during submaximal dynamic exercise
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 21, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Keisho Katayama, Kanako Goto, Kaori Shimizu, Mitsuru Saito, Koji Ishida, Luyu Zhang, Kana Shiozawa, A. William Sheel Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Evidence for protein kinase involvement in the 5 ‐HT‐ [Ca2+]i ‐ pannexin‐1 signalling pathway in type II glial cells of the rat carotid body
In conclusion, these studies provide new mecha nistic insight into 5‐HT signalling in the CB that has pathophysiological relevance.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 20, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Erin M. Leonard, Min Zhang, Colin A. Nurse Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Effects of intermittent hyperbaric exposure on endurance and interval exercise performance in well ‐trained mice
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 20, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Junichi Suzuki Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Evidence for protein kinase involvement in the 5 ‐HT‐ [Ca2+]i ‐ pannexin‐1 signalling pathway in type II glial cells of the rat carotid body
In conclusion, these studies provide new mecha nistic insight into 5‐HT signalling in the CB that has pathophysiological relevance.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 20, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Erin M. Leonard, Min Zhang, Colin A. Nurse Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Effects of intermittent hyperbaric exposure on endurance and interval exercise performance in well ‐trained mice
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 20, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Junichi Suzuki Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Endocrine regulation of gut function – a role for glucagon‐like peptide‐1 in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 16, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Dervla O'Malley Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Firing properties of ventral medullary respiratory neurons in sino ‐aortic denervated rats
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 14, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Mateus R. Amorim, Rodrigo F. O. Pena, George M. P. R. Souza, Leni G. H. Bonagamba, Ant ônio C. Roque, Benedito H. Machado Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Metabolomics for the mountains; bring on the biomarkers!
Experimental Physiology, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 13, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Damian M. Bailey Tags: VIEWPOINT Source Type: research

Mitochondrial ATP synthase β‐subunit production rate and ATP synthase specific activity are reduced in skeletal muscle of humans with obesity
New FindingsWhat is the central question of this study?Humans with obesity have lower ATP synthesis in muscle along with lower content of the β‐subunit of the ATP synthase (β‐F1‐ATPase), the catalytic component of the ATP synthase. Does lower synthesis rate of β‐F1‐ATPase in muscle contribute to these responses in humans with obesity?What is the main finding and its importance?Humans with obesity have a lower synthesis rate of β‐F1‐ATPase and ATP synthase specific activity in muscle. These findings indicate that reduced production of subunits forming the ATP synthase in muscle may contribu...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 12, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Lee Tran, Paul R. Langlais, Nyssa Hoffman, Lori Roust, Christos S. Katsanos Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Extracellular Hsp70 modulates the inflammatory response of cigarette smoke extract in NCI ‐H292 cells
In this study, we explored inflammatory parameters (cytokine concentrations, Toll‐like receptor (TLR) 2 and 4 and Hsp70 expression, mitogen‐activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor κB (NF‐κB) activation, and cytotoxicity) after exposure of bronchial‐epithelial NCI‐H292 cells to cigarette smoke extract (CSE) alone (2.5 and 15%) and in combinations with recombinant human (rh) Hsp70 (0.3, 1 and 3 μg ml−1). We applied specific MAPKs, NF ‐κB and Hsp70 inhibitors to elucidate rhHsp70 inflammation‐associated responses. CSE alone and combinations of 15% CSE with rhHsp7...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 10, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Andrea Hulina ‐Tomašković, Marija Grdić Rajković, Anita Somborac‐Bačura, Andrea Čeri, Sanja Dabelić, Lada Rumora Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Down ‐regulation of lncRNA XIST ameliorates podocytes apoptosis in membranous nephropathy via miR‐217/TLR4 pathway
ConclusionDown ‐regulation of XIST ameliorates podocytes apoptosis via the miR‐217/TLR4 pathway, which may improve membranous nephropathy.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 10, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Ling ‐wei Jin, Min Pan, Han‐yang Ye, Yu Zheng, Yan Chen, Wen‐wen Huang, Xiao‐yan Xu, Shu‐bei Zheng Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Extracellular Hsp70 modulates the inflammatory response of cigarette smoke extract in NCI ‐H292 cells
In this study, we explored inflammatory parameters (cytokine concentrations, Toll‐like receptor (TLR) 2 and 4 and Hsp70 expression, mitogen‐activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor κB (NF‐κB) activation, and cytotoxicity) after exposure of bronchial‐epithelial NCI‐H292 cells to cigarette smoke extract (CSE) alone (2.5 and 15%) and in combinations with recombinant human (rh) Hsp70 (0.3, 1 and 3 μg ml−1). We applied specific MAPKs, NF ‐κB and Hsp70 inhibitors to elucidate rhHsp70 inflammation‐associated responses. CSE alone and combinations of 15% CSE with rhHsp7...
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 10, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Andrea Hulina ‐Tomašković, Marija Grdić Rajković, Anita Somborac‐Bačura, Andrea Čeri, Sanja Dabelić, Lada Rumora Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Down ‐regulation of lncRNA XIST ameliorates podocytes apoptosis in membranous nephropathy via miR‐217/TLR4 pathway
ConclusionDown ‐regulation of XIST ameliorates podocytes apoptosis via the miR‐217/TLR4 pathway, which may improve membranous nephropathy.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 10, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Ling ‐wei Jin, Min Pan, Han‐yang Ye, Yu Zheng, Yan Chen, Wen‐wen Huang, Xiao‐yan Xu, Shu‐bei Zheng Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Low ‐level transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation attenuates cardiac remodeling in a rat model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 6, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Liping Zhou, Adrian Filiberti, Mary Beth Humphrey, Christian D. Fleming, Benjamin J. Scherlag, Sunny S. Po, Stavros Stavrakis Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Genetic variant in the β2‐adrenergic receptor (Arg16Gly) influences fat‐free mass, muscle strength and motor unit behaviour in young men
Experimental Physiology, EarlyView. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Nathaniel D. M. Jenkins, Ryan J. Colquhoun, Patrick M. Tomko, Trey Gradnigo, Mitchel A. Magrini, Tyler W. D. Muddle, Sydnie Fleming, Matthew Ferrell, Ahmed El ‐Sohemy Source Type: research

Characterizing the plasma metabolome during 14 days of live ‐high, train‐low simulated altitude: A metabolomic approach
Experimental Physiology, EarlyView. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Nathan G. Lawler, Chris R. Abbiss, Joel P. A. Gummer, David I. Broadhurst, Andrew D. Govus, Timothy J. Fairchild, Kevin G. Thompson, Laura A. Garvican ‐Lewis, Christopher J. Gore, Garth L. Maker, Robert D. Trengove, Jeremiah J. Peiffer Source Type: research

Genetic variant in the β2‐adrenergic receptor (Arg16Gly) influences fat‐free mass, muscle strength and motor unit behaviour in young men
Experimental Physiology, EarlyView. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Nathaniel D. M. Jenkins, Ryan J. Colquhoun, Patrick M. Tomko, Trey Gradnigo, Mitchel A. Magrini, Tyler W. D. Muddle, Sydnie Fleming, Matthew Ferrell, Ahmed El ‐Sohemy Source Type: research

Characterizing the plasma metabolome during 14 days of live ‐high, train‐low simulated altitude: A metabolomic approach
Experimental Physiology, EarlyView. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Nathan G. Lawler, Chris R. Abbiss, Joel P. A. Gummer, David I. Broadhurst, Andrew D. Govus, Timothy J. Fairchild, Kevin G. Thompson, Laura A. Garvican ‐Lewis, Christopher J. Gore, Garth L. Maker, Robert D. Trengove, Jeremiah J. Peiffer Source Type: research

Corrigendum
Experimental Physiology,Volume 103, Issue 11, Page 1571-1571, 1 November 2018. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 1, 2018 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Experimental Physiology,Volume 103, Issue 11, Page 1572-1574, 1 November 2018. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 1, 2018 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Corrigendum
Experimental Physiology,Volume 103, Issue 11, Page 1571-1571, 1 November 2018. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 1, 2018 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Experimental Physiology,Volume 103, Issue 11, Page 1572-1574, 1 November 2018. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - November 1, 2018 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Identification and expression analysis of type II and type III Pi transporters in the opossum kidney cell line
Experimental Physiology,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - October 31, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Natalia Guill én, Yupanqui A. Caldas, Moshe Levi, Víctor Sorribas Source Type: research

Artesunate attenuates airway resistance in vivo and relaxes airway smooth muscle cells in vitro via bitter taste receptor dependent calcium signaling
Experimental Physiology,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - October 31, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Yue Wang, Aili Wang, Ming Zhang, Huilong Zeng, Yun Lu, Lei Liu, Jingjing Li, Linhong Deng Source Type: research

Identification and expression analysis of type II and type III Pi transporters in the opossum kidney cell line
Experimental Physiology,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - October 31, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Natalia Guill én, Yupanqui A. Caldas, Moshe Levi, Víctor Sorribas Source Type: research

Artesunate attenuates airway resistance in vivo and relaxes airway smooth muscle cells in vitro via bitter taste receptor dependent calcium signaling
Experimental Physiology,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - October 31, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Yue Wang, Aili Wang, Ming Zhang, Huilong Zeng, Yun Lu, Lei Liu, Jingjing Li, Linhong Deng Source Type: research

Organ blood flow and O2 transport during hypothermia (27 °C) and rewarming in a pig model
Experimental Physiology,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - October 30, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Sergei Valkov, Rizwan Mohyuddin, Jan Harald Nilsen, Torstein Schanche, Timofey Kondratiev, Gary C Sieck, Torkjel Tveita Source Type: research