Blood Biomarkers of Late Pregnancy Exposure to Trihalomethanes in Drinking Water and Fetal Growth Measures and Gestational Age in a Chinese Cohort
Conclusions: Our results suggested that elevated maternal THM exposure may adversely affect fetal growth. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Cao WC, Zeng Q, Luo Y, Chen HX, Miao DY, Li L, Cheng YH, Li M, Wang F, You L...
Source: EHP Research - September 4, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Birth Weight, Ethnicity, and Exposure to Trihalomethanes and Haloacetic Acids in Drinking Water during Pregnancy in the Born in Bradford Cohort
We examined the relationship between THM and HAA exposures and birth weight of up to 7,438 singleton term babies using multiple linear regression, stratified by ethnicity. Results: Among Pakistani-origin infants, mean birth weight was significantly lower in association with the highest versus lowest tertiles of integrated THM uptake (e.g. –53.7g; 95% CI: –89.9, –17.5 for ≥1.82 vs.
Source: EHP Research - September 4, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Going Deep: Cautious Steps toward Seabed Mining
The ocean floor is home to a wealth of species, some of which—such as this bamboo coral (Isidella tentaculum)—have only recently been discovered. Proponents of seabed mining claim it causes less ecological damage than terrestrial extraction. But some researchers are concerned that seabed mining could overwhelm deep-sea ecosystems, adding to concerns about the health of the oceans. © NOAA So far, the International Seabed Authority has issued 26 exploratory leases in sections of “the Area”—the vast international seabed that lies outside individual countries’ b...
Source: EHP Research - September 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured Focus News Ecology and Wildlife Economics Industry Issues Marine and Coastal Science Mining Natural Resources September 2015 Source Type: research

Letter from the New Editor-in-Chief: My Perspective on Environmental Health Perspectives
Editor-in-Chief, Environmental Health Perspectives About This Article open Citation: Darney SP. 2015. Letter from the new Editor-in-Chief: my perspective on Environmental Health Perspectives. Environ Health Perspect 123:A225; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510617. E-mail: sally.darney@nih.gov Final Publication: 1 September 2015 PDF Version (111 KB) As I come onboard as Editor-in-Chief of EHP this month, I’d like to share my thoughts with you about a vision for taking EHP to the next level. With an impact factor of 7.98, EHP has become the “go to” journal for research and news about each sector of ...
Source: EHP Research - September 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Editorial Featured September 2015 Source Type: research

Air Pollution and Birth Weight: New Clues about a Potential Critical Window of Exposure
Nancy Averett writes about science and the environment from Cincinnati, OH. Her work has been published in Pacific Standard, Audubon, Discover, E/The Environmental Magazine, and a variety of other publications. About This Article open Citation: Averett N. 2015. Air pollution and birth weight: new clues about a potential critical window of exposure. Environ Health Perspect 123:A242; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A242 News Topics: Air Pollution, Particulate Matter (PM), Reproductive Health Published: 1 September 2015 PDF Version (475 KB) Related EHP Article Differences in Birth Weight Associated with the 2008...
Source: EHP Research - September 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection Air Pollution Particulate Matter (PM) Reproductive Health September 2015 Source Type: research

After the Fall: Gastrointestinal Illness following Downpours
Carol Potera, based in Montana, also writes for Microbe, Genetic Engineering News, and the American Journal of Nursing. About This Article open Citation: Potera C. 2015. After the fall: gastrointestinal illness following downpours. Environ Health Perspect 123:A243; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A243 News Topics: Gastrointestinal Health, Infectious Disease, Infrastructure, Microbial Agents, Sanitation, Urban Issues, Weather Processes Published: 1 September 2015 PDF Version (467 KB) Related EHP Article Extreme Precipitation and Emergency Room Visits for Gastrointestinal Illness in Areas with and without Combined Se...
Source: EHP Research - September 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection Gastrointestinal Health Infectious Disease Infrastructure Microbial Agents Sanitation September 2015 Urban Issues Weather Processes Source Type: research

Comment on “Ambient Coarse Particulate Matter and Hospital Admissions in the Medicare Cohort Air Pollution Study, 1999–2010”
Instituto de Seguridad Social del Estado de México y Municipios (ISSEMyM) About This Article open Citation: Hernández-Garduño E. 2015. Comment on “Ambient Coarse Particulate Matter and Hospital Admissions in the Medicare Cohort Air Pollution Study, 1999–2010.” Environ Health Perspect 123:A233; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510123. Address correspondence to E. Hernández-Garduño, Unidad de Enseñanza e Investigación, Centro Oncológico Estatal (COE), Instituto de Seguridad Social del Estado de México y Municipios (ISSEMyM), Av. Solidaridad Las ...
Source: EHP Research - September 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Correspondence September 2015 Source Type: research

Comment on “Diversity Outbred: A New Generation of Mouse Model”
1Institut und Poliklinik für Arbeitsmedizin, Umweltmedizin und Präventionsforschung, Universitätsklinikum Köln, Köln, Germany; 2Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA About This Article open Citation: Erren TC, Slanger TE, Groß JV, Reiter RJ. 2015. Comment on “Diversity Outbred: A New Generation of Mouse Model.” Environ Health Perspect 123:A232; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510098. Address correspondence to T.C. Erren, Institut und Poliklinik für Arbeitsmedizin, Umweltmedizin und...
Source: EHP Research - September 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Correspondence September 2015 Source Type: research

Ethical Issues in Environmental Health Research Related to Public Health Emergencies: Reflections on the GuLF STUDY
Conclusions Environmental health research related to disasters and other public health emergencies raises challenging ethical issues that need to be addressed beforehand, including Minimizing risks and promoting benefits to participants. Obtaining valid informed consent. Providing financial compensation to participants. Working with vulnerable participants. Protecting participant confidentiality. Addressing conflicts of interest. Dealing with legal implications of research. Obtaining review from the IRB, community groups, and other committees (e.g., scientific review committees). To ensure that these issues are handled p...
Source: EHP Research - September 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Brief Communication September 2015 Source Type: research

In Memoriam: Paul J. Lioy
About This Article open Citation: Buckley TJ, Goldstein BD, Weisel CP, Zhang JJ, Adgate J, Georgopoulos PG. 2015. In Memoriam: Paul J. Lioy. Environ Health Perspect 123:A226; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510675. Final Publication: 1 September 2015 PDF Version (289 KB) Paul J. Lioy, 1947–2015 Exposure science has lost one of its founders and intellectual champions. Paul J. Lioy passed away unexpectedly on 8 July 2015 at the age of 68. The world has been left a far better place thanks to Lioy’s vision and creativity, enormous scientific contributions, and the many people that he shaped and influenced...
Source: EHP Research - September 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: In Memoriam September 2015 Source Type: research

Prenatal Ambient Air Pollution, Placental Mitochondrial DNA Content, and Birth Weight in the INMA (Spain) and ENVIRONAGE (Belgium) Birth Cohorts
Conclusion: Our results suggest that mtDNA content can be one of the potential mediators of the association between prenatal air pollution exposure and birth weight. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Clemente DB, Cas...
Source: EHP Research - August 28, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals and Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Potential Environmental Contamination and Recommendations to Assess Complex Environmental Mixtures
Conclusions: We describe a need for an endocrine-centric component for overall health assessments and provide supporting information that using this may help explain reported adverse health trends as well as help develop recommendations for environmental impact assessments and monitoring programs. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number use...
Source: EHP Research - August 27, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Bisphenol A, Bisphenol S, and 4-Hydroxyphenyl 4-Isoprooxyphenylsulfone (BPSIP) in Urine and Blood of Cashiers
Conclusions: Thermal receipt paper is a potential source of occupational exposure to BPA, BPS, and BPSIP. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Thayer KA, Taylor KW, Garantziotis S, Schurman S, Kissling GE, Hunt D, Herbe...
Source: EHP Research - August 25, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Prenatal Phthalate Exposures and Childhood Fat Mass in a New York City Cohort
Conclusions: Prenatal phthalate exposures were not associated with increased body fat among children aged 4 to 9 years, though high prenatal DEHP exposure may be associated with lower fat mass in childhood. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication...
Source: EHP Research - August 25, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Effects of in Utero Exposure to Arsenic during the Second Half of Gestation on Reproductive End Points and Metabolic Parameters in Female CD-1 Mice
Conclusion: Our findings reveal unexpected effects that in utero exposure to arsenic at a human relevant low dose and a tumor-inducing level leads to early onset of vaginal opening and obesity in female CD-1 mice. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publ...
Source: EHP Research - August 21, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Associations between Selected Xenobiotics and Antinuclear Antibodies in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004
Author Affiliations open 1Biostatistics Center, Social & Scientific Systems, Inc., Durham, North Carolina, USA; 2Departments of Public Health Sciences and Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA; 3Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA; 4Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA; 5Department of Clin...
Source: EHP Research - August 7, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Current and Projected Heat-Related Morbidity and Mortality in Rhode Island
Author Affiliations open 1Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA; 2Rhode Island Department of Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA PDF Version (1.1 MB) Abstract About This Article Supplemental Material Background: Climate change is expected to cause higher heat-related mortality, especially among the elderly and very young. However, additional studies are needed to clarify the effects of heat on morbidity across all age groups and across a wider range of temperatures. Objectives: To estimate the impact of current and projected future temperatures...
Source: EHP Research - August 7, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Long-Term Trends Worldwide in Ambient NO2 Concentrations Inferred from Satellite Observations
Conclusions: Long-term trends in satellite-derived ambient NO2 provide new information about changing global exposure to ambient air pollution. Our estimates are publicly available at http://fizz.phys.dal.ca/~atmos/martin/?page_id=232. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at ...
Source: EHP Research - August 4, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Road Traffic and Railway Noise Exposures and Adiposity in Adults: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health Cohort
Conclusions: The present study finds positive associations between residential exposure to road traffic and railway noise and adiposity. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Christensen JS, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Tjø...
Source: EHP Research - August 4, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Traffic-Related Air Pollution, Noise at School, and Behavioral Problems in Barcelona Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusion: In our study population of 7–11 year old children residing in Barcelona, exposure to TRAPs at school was associated with more behavioral problems in schoolchildren. Noise exposure at school was associated with more ADHD symptoms. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this ...
Source: EHP Research - August 4, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Dementia Incidence in Northern Sweden: A Longitudinal Study
Conclusions: If the associations we observed are causal, then air pollution from traffic might be an important risk factor for vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Oudin ...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Pollinator Power: Nutrition Security Benefits of an Ecosystem Service
Wendee Nicole has written for Discover, Scientific American, and other publications. Background image: © lightpoet/Shutterstock About This Article open Citation: Nicole W. 2015. Pollinator power: nutrition security benefits of an ecosystem service. Environ Health Perspect 123:A210–A215; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A210 News Topics: Agriculture and Farming, Diet and Nutrition, Ecology and Wildlife, Food Security, Health Disparities, International Environmental Health Published: 1 August 2015 PDF Version (4.3 MB) It’s well known that pollinators affect crop yields and thus market prices. New...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured Focus News Agriculture and Farming August 2015 Diet and Nutrition Ecology and Wildlife Food Security Health Disparities International Environmental Health Source Type: research

Pollinator Power: Benefits of an Ecosystem Service
Wendee Nicole has written for Discover, Scientific American, and other publications. Background image: © lightpoet/Shutterstock About This Article open Citation: Nicole W. 2015. Pollinator power: nutrition security benefits of an ecosystem service. Environ Health Perspect 123:A210–A215; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A210 News Topics: Agriculture and Farming, Diet and Nutrition, Ecology and Wildlife, Food Security, Health Disparities, International Environmental Health Published: 1 August 2015 PDF Version (4.3 MB) It’s well known that pollinators affect crop yields and thus market prices. New...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured Focus News Agriculture and Farming August 2015 Diet and Nutrition Ecology and Wildlife Food Security Health Disparities International Environmental Health Source Type: research

Delta Subsidence: An Imminent Threat to Coastal Populations
The Ganges–Brahmaputra Delta is one of several delta regions around the world that is sinking as the weight of its cities and industries combines with overextraction of natural resources from soft sedimentary deposits.© Planet Observer/Getty Images Along the Ganges–Brahmaputra Delta, earthen and concrete embankments surround low-lying agricultural areas known as polders. These embankments protect the land within, but they also block the deposition of new sediments during the rainy season. Consequently, the polders subside. When Cyclone Aila hit Bangladesh in May 2009, floodwaters creste...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured Focus News Aquaculture August 2015 Climate Change Drinking Water Quality Infrastructure International Environmental Health Land Use Marine and Coastal Science Natural Resources Urban Issues Source Type: research

How Good Is Good Enough? Cookstove Replacement Scenarios to Reach Indoor Air Goals
Julia R. Barrett, MS, ELS, a Madison, WI–based science writer and editor, is a member of the National Association of Science Writers and the Board of Editors in the Life Sciences. About This Article open Citation: Barrett JR. 2015. How good is good enough? Cookstove replacement scenarios to reach indoor air goals. Environ Health Perspect 123:A216; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A216 News Topics: Air Pollution, Combustion Emissions, Indoor Air Quality, International Environmental Health, Particulate Matter (PM), Respiratory Health Published: 1 August 2015 PDF Version (618 KB) Related EHP Article Qua...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection Air Pollution August 2015 Combustion Emissions Indoor Air Quality International Environmental Health Particulate Matter (PM) Respiratory Health Source Type: research

Plumbing Pathogens: A Fixture in Hospitals and Homes
Carol Potera, based in Montana, also writes for Microbe, Genetic Engineering News, and the American Journal of Nursing. About This Article open Citation: Potera C. 2015. Plumbing pathogens: a fixture in hospitals and homes. Environ Health Perspect 123:A217; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A217 News Topics: Drinking Water Quality, Built Environment, Infectious Disease, Microbial Agents Published: 1 August 2015 PDF Version (540 KB) Related EHP Article Epidemiology and Ecology of Opportunistic Premise Plumbing Pathogens: Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa Joseph O. Falkinham III, E...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection August 2015 Built Environment Drinking Water Quality Infectious Disease Microbial Agents Source Type: research

Arsenic and Blood Pressure: A Long-Term Relationship
This study definitely clarifies that [association]. It shows it’s extremely important to have prospective data.” Working with a field staff of more than 100 people, the authors of the current study analyzed blood pressure readings taken from each cohort member four times between October 2000 and March 2009, with the initial measurements serving as a baseline. To assess arsenic exposure, they tested well water and urine samples collected at each of the four visits. The results showed positive associations between arsenic exposure, whether measured in well water or urine samples, and annual increases in systolic ...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection Arsenic August 2015 Cardiovascular Health Drinking Water Quality Source Type: research

A Closer Look at Obesogens: Lipid Homeostasis Disruption in Daphnia
In this study, the researchers found evidence that TBT activated signaling pathways related to molting and reproduction, presumably by increasing transcription of the retinoid X receptor (RXR) gene.3 In vertebrates, the nuclear receptor known as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ partners with the RXR to stimulate fat cell differentiation and lipid storage.10 These receptors are known targets for TBT.11 However, LeBlanc says it would be premature to call this a model organism for the study of obesogens. “The molecular pathways that are affected [by TBT] in vertebrates don’t exist in Daphnia,&rdq...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection Animal Models August 2015 Ecology and Wildlife Endocrine Health Metabolism Reproductive Health Source Type: research

Response to “Comment on ‘Background Ionizing Radiation and the Risk of Childhood Cancer: A Census-Based Nationwide Cohort Study’”
1Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; 2Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; 3University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland About This Article open Citation: Spycher BD, Röösli M, Egger M, Kuehni CE. 2015. Response to “Comment on ‘Background Ionizing Radiation and the Risk of Childhood Cancer: A Census-Based Nationwide Cohort Study.’” Environ Health Perspect 123:A200–A201; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510111R Address correspondence to B. Spycher, University of Bern, Institute of Social and Preventive Med...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Correspondence August 2015 Source Type: research

Comment on “Background Ionizing Radiation and the Risk of Childhood Cancer: A Census-Based Nationwide Cohort Study”
1Nuclear Physics Enterprises, Marlton, New Jersey, USA; 2U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC, USA; 3Heinrich-Heine-University, Dusseldorf, Germany; 4Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University, Chicago, Illinois, USA; 5Polish Nuclear Society, Warsaw, Poland; 6Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA; 7Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA; 8Free Enterprise Radon Health Mine, Boulder, Montana, USA; 9University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; 10National Centre for Nuclear Research, Warsaw, Poland; 11NAC International, Norcross, Georgia, USA; 12Cuttler & Associate...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Correspondence August 2015 Source Type: research

Response to “Comment on ‘Background Ionizing Radiation and the Risk of Childhood Cancer: A Census-Based Nationwide Cohort Study’”
1Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; 2Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; 3University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland About This Article open Citation: Spycher BD, Röösli M, Egger M, Kuehni CE. 2015. Response to “Comment on ‘Background Ionizing Radiation and the Risk of Childhood Cancer: A Census-Based Nationwide Cohort Study.’” Environ Health Perspect 123:A198–A199; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1509938R Address correspondence to B. Spycher, University of Bern, Institute of Social and Preventive Med...
Source: EHP Research - July 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Correspondence August 2015 Source Type: research

Multiple Trigger Points for Quantifying Heat-Health Impacts: New Evidence from a Hot Climate
Conclusion: Consideration of multiple health events and diagnoses together with a comprehensive approach to identify threshold temperatures revealed large differences in trigger points for possible interventions related to heat. Providing an array of heat trigger points applicable for different end-users may improve public health response to a problem projected to worsen in the coming decades. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replace...
Source: EHP Research - July 28, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Environmental Chemicals in Urine and Blood: Improving Methods for Creatinine and Lipid Adjustment
Conclusions: To control measurement error bias due to variations in serum lipids or urinary diluteness, we recommend improved methods for standardizing exposure concentrations across individuals. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. C...
Source: EHP Research - July 24, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Satellite-Based Spatiotemporal Trends in PM2.5 Concentrations: China, 2004–2013
Conclusions: Our satellite-driven model can provide reliable historical PM2.5 estimates in China at a resolution comparable to those used in epidemiologic studies on the health effects of long-term PM2.5 exposure in North America. This data source can potentially advance PM2.5 health effects research in China. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the D...
Source: EHP Research - July 24, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Desert Dust Outbreaks in Southern Europe: Contribution to Daily PM10 Concentrations and Short-Term Associations with Mortality and Hospital Admissions
Conclusions: PM10 originated from desert was positively associated with mortality and hospitalizations in Southern Europe. Policy measures should aim at reducing population exposure to anthropogenic airborne particles even in areas with large contribution from desert dust advections. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citat...
Source: EHP Research - July 24, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Exposure to Bisphenol A and Phthalates during Pregnancy and Ultrasound Measures of Fetal Growth in the INMA-Sabadell Cohort
Conclusions: This study, one of the first to combine repeat exposure biomarker measurements and multiple growth measures during pregnancy, finds little evidence of associations of BPA or phthalate exposures with fetal growth. Phthalate metabolites MBzP and MnBP were associated with some fetal growth parameters, but these findings require replication. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version ...
Source: EHP Research - July 21, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Perceived Neighborhood Environmental Attributes Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transport among Adult Residents of 17 Cities in 12 Countries: The IPEN Study
Conclusions: Many perceived environmental attributes supported both cycling and walking; however highly walkable environments may not support cycling for transport. People appear to walk for transport despite safety concerns. These findings can guide the implementation of global health strategies. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number use...
Source: EHP Research - July 17, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Estimating Time-Varying PCB Exposures Using Person-Specific Predictions to Supplement Measured Values: A Comparison of Observed and Predicted Values in Two Cohorts of Norwegian Women
Conclusions: The mechanistic model reproduced all measurements of PCB concentrations within a factor of ten and subject ranking and quartile assignments were overall largely consistent, although weak within each study group. Contamination histories for individuals predicted by CoZMoMAN revealed variation between study subjects, particularly in the timing of peak concentrations. Mechanistic models provide individual PCB exposure metrics that could serve as valuable supplements to measurements. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articl...
Source: EHP Research - July 17, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Characterization of Conserved Toxicogenomic Responses in Chemically Exposed Hepatocytes across Species and Platforms
Conclusions: Our integrative analysis of toxicogenomics data provides a comprehensive overview of biochemical perturbations affected by a large panel of chemicals. Furthermore, we show that the early toxicological response occurring in animals is recapitulated in human and rat primary hepatocyte cultures at the molecular level, indicating that these models reproduce key pathways in response to chemical stress. These findings expand our understanding and interpretation of toxicogenomics data from human hepatocytes exposed to environmental toxicants. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and...
Source: EHP Research - July 14, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Urinary Concentrations of Phthalate Metabolites and Bisphenol A and Associations with Follicular-Phase Length, Luteal-Phase Length, Fecundability, and Early Pregnancy Loss
Conclusions: BPA and MCOP (or its precursors) were associated with shorter luteal phase. Menstrual-cycle-specific estimates of urinary BPA and phthalate metabolites were not associated with detrimental alterations in follicular-phase length, time to pregnancy, or early pregnancy loss, and in fact, DEHP metabolites (MEOHP and ∑(DEHP) were associated with reduced early loss. These findings should be confirmed in future human studies. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to...
Source: EHP Research - July 10, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Organic Food Consumption during Pregnancy and Hypospadias and Cryptorchidism at Birth: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)
Conclusions: Consumption of organically produced foods during pregnancy was associated with a lower prevalence of hypospadias in our study population. These findings were based on small numbers of cases and require replication in other study populations. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to acces...
Source: EHP Research - July 9, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Parkinson’s Disease in Denmark: A Case–Control Study
Conclusions: Our findings raise concerns about potential effects of air pollution from traffic and other sources on the risk of PD, particularly in populations with high or increasing exposures. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Ci...
Source: EHP Research - July 7, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Thyroid Antagonists (Perchlorate, Thiocyanate, and Nitrate) and Childhood Growth in a Longitudinal Study of U.S. Girls
Conclusions: Higher NIS inhibitor exposure biomarkers were associated with reductions in waist circumference and BMI. These findings underscore the need to assess exposure to NIS inhibitors with respect to their influence on childhood growth. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this docum...
Source: EHP Research - July 7, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Effects of Arsenite Exposure during Fetal Development on Energy Metabolism and Susceptibility to Diet-Induced Fatty Liver Disease in Male Mice
Conclusions: In utero and continuous early life exposure to As (III) disrupted normal metabolism and elevated the risk for fatty liver disease in mice maintained on a high fat diet. Our findings suggest that individuals exposed to As (III) during key developmental periods, and who remain exposed to As (III) on the background of a Western diet, may be at increased risk of metabolic disease later in life. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will ...
Source: EHP Research - July 7, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Near-Roadway Air Pollution and Coronary Heart Disease: Burden of Disease and Potential Impact of a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy in Southern California
Author Affiliations open 1Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA; 2Sonoma Technology, Inc. Petaluma, California, USA; 3Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; 4University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 5University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts; 6Spatial Sciences Institute, Dana and David Dornsife College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA; 7California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, USA PDF Vers...
Source: EHP Research - July 7, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Effects of Crude Oil/Dispersant Mixture and Dispersant Components on PPARγ Activity in Vitro and in Vivo: Identification of Dioctyl Sodium Sulfosuccinate (DOSS; CAS #577-11-7) as a Probable Obesogen
Conclusions: We conclude that DOSS is a putative obesogen worthy of further study, including epidemiological and clinical investigations into laxative prescriptions consisting of DOSS. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation:&nb...
Source: EHP Research - July 2, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

A Second Life For Scraps: Making Biogas From Food Waste
Richard Dahl, a freelance writer in Boston, MA, also writes periodically for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Background image: © Halfdark/Getty Images About This Article open Citation: Dahl R. 2015. A second life for scraps: making biogas from food waste. Environ Health Perspect 123:A180–A183; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A180 News Topics: Conservation, Energy, Laws, Regulations, and Policy, Waste Disposal Published: 1 July 2015 PDF Version (4.6 MB) Biodigesters use organic waste to produce methane, a relatively clean fuel. Since 2013 Kroger grocery stores have sent this facility all ...
Source: EHP Research - July 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Spheres of Influence and Policy Conservation Energy July 2015 Laws Regulations Waste Disposal Source Type: research

A Hard Nut to Crack: Reducing Chemical Migration in Food-Contact Materials
Nate Seltenrich covers science and the environment from Petaluma, CA. His work has appeared in High Country News, Sierra, Yale Environment 360, Earth Island Journal, and other regional and national publications. Background image: © Joseph Tart/Brogan & Partners; Roy Scott About This Article open Citation: Seltenrich N. 2015. A hard nut to crack: reducing chemical migration in food-contact materials. Environ Health Perspect 123:A174–A179; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A174 News Topics: Bisphenol A (BPA), Chemical Testing, Endocrine Disruptors, Food Safety and Regulation, Green Chemistry, ...
Source: EHP Research - July 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured Focus News and Policy Bisphenol A (BPA) Chemical Testing Endocrine Disruptors Food Safety and Regulation Green Chemistry Industry Issues July 2015 Laws Plastics Regulations Source Type: research

Increased Minimum Mortality Temperature in France: Data Suggest Humans Are Adapting to Climate Change
Julia R. Barrett, MS, ELS, a Madison, WI–based science writer and editor, is a member of the National Association of Science Writers and the Board of Editors in the Life Sciences. About This Article open Citation: Barrett JR. 2015. Increased minimum mortality temperature in France: data suggest humans are adapting to climate change. Environ Health Perspect 123:A184; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A184 News Topics: Climate Change, Temperature Published: 1 July 2015 PDF Version (334 KB) Related EHP Article Space–Time Covariation of Mortality with Temperature: A Systematic Study of Deaths in Fra...
Source: EHP Research - July 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection Climate Change July 2015 Temperature Source Type: research

New Risk Factor for SIDS? Peaks in Cot Deaths Associated with Heat Waves
This study design allowed the researchers to control for confounders such as secondhand smoke exposure, birth weight, and sleep environment. On the hottest days, when the temperature exceeded 29°C (84.2°F), infants had 2.78 times greater odds of dying from SIDS compared with days when the temperature was 20°C (68.0°F). The relationship between higher temperatures and SIDS was stronger for babies aged 3–12 months compared with those aged 1–2 months, with odds ratios of 3.90 and 1.73, respectively, for deaths on days with maximum temperatures of 29°C versus 20°C.2 “I have to congratu...
Source: EHP Research - July 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection Children's Health July 2015 Temperature Source Type: research