Correlation between systemic S100A8 and S100A9 levels and severity of diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that systemic circulation levels of S100A8 and S100A9 are correlated with the progression of DR in T2DM patients, indicating their potential role in DR pathogenesis. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 10, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome: A cross-sectional study in north of Iran
Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Farahnaz Joukar, Sahar Najafi Mobaraki, Sara Mavaddati, Soheil Hassanipour, Masood SepehrimaneshAbstractBackground and aimThe aim of this study was to describe the frequency of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), hyperlipidemia, obesity and polycystic ovaries syndrome (PCOS).MethodsIn a cross-sectional study, 333 patients who had one of the certain diagnosis of DM, hyperlipidemia, obesity or PCOS were enrolled. Informatio...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Cardiac autonomic neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus having peripheral neuropathy: A cross-sectional study
ConclusionDiabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy have CAN, the severity of which increases with worsening neuropathy. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Vitamin D status, determinants and relationship with biochemical profile in women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Delhi, India
Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Warisha Mariam, Suneela Garg, M.Meghachandra Singh, Bidhan Chandra Koner, S. Anuradha, Saurav BasuAbstractObjectiveTo determine the burden of vitamin D deficiency and its determinants and to assess the relationship of 25 hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OHD) levels with biochemical parameters linked to health outcomes in women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM).Material and methodsThis was a hospital based cross-sectional study in the diabetes out-patient department clinic of a major tertiary care...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Association between dietary glycemic index and liver enzymes level among apparently healthy adults
ConclusionOur study indicated that high glycemic index diet led to the elevetad levels of the liver enzymes, while being significant only in men. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Accuracy of salivary glucose assessment in diagnosis of diabetes and prediabestes
Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Samar Fares, Marwa Sayed Mohamed Said, Walaa Ibrahim, Tarek T. Amin, Nagwa Eid Sobhy SaadAbstractAimsto assess salivary glucose correlation with blood glucose and its accuracy in diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes.Materials and methodsA comparative study including 204 adults in 3 groups (104 type 2 diabetics, 50 prediabetics, 50 non-diabetic controls) aging 18–65 years. The participants were interviewed about their socio-demographic, comorbidities, & drug treatment using a predesi...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Hematologic disorders during essential hypertension
Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Hamza Nadjib Merad-boudia, Majda Dali-Sahi, Youcef Kachekouche, Nouria Dennouni-MedjatiAbstractBackgroundBesides the traditional risk factors, hematological changes may be involved in the development of arterial hypertension and in its pathogenesis.MethodsThe study, conducted on a sample of 545 subjects, 215 with hypertension and 330 witnesses, were evaluated for peripheral blood parameters in western Algeria; Logistic regression analysis was used to predict hypertension with hematological par...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Assessment of comorbid mild cognitive impairment and depression in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
ConclusionIncreased level of total cholesterol, decreased level of HDL-cholesterol, increased HADS depression score and decreased MoCA score were significant predictors of anxiety. HDL-cholesterol, HADS anxiety score, FBG, and duration of DM were the significant predictors of MCI. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Health literacy, knowledge and self-care behaviors to take care of diabetic foot in low-income individuals: Application of extended parallel process model
This study has been conducted with the aim of determining the relationship between health literacy, knowledge and self-care behaviors to take care of the diabetic foot in low-income individuals, based on the extended parallel process model (EPPM).MethodsThis cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 patients with type II diabetes referred to the Diabetes Clinic, using a random sampling method and using standard questionnaires. In this study, the constructs of knowledge, EPPM (perceived sensitivity, perceived severity, response efficacy, self-efficacy), and health literacy were significantly related to self-care behaviors (p 
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Ketogenic diets potentially reverse Type II diabetes and ameliorate clinical depression: A case study
Publication date: March–April 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 13, Issue 2Author(s): Nate Cox, Sam Gibas, Madeleine Salisbury, Julie Gomer, Kelly GibasAbstractEfficacious adherence to treatment protocol predicts metabolic control among Type 2 diabetics (T2DM) [[1], [2], [3], [4]]; however, few healthcare systems employ individualized strategies to mediate the comorbidity of T2DM with other chronic disease states. A clinically prescribed ketogenic diet, patient-centered nutritional education and high intensity interval training (HIIT), girded by solution-focused ps...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Studying the relation between vitamin D deficiency and glycemic state among pregnant women with gestational diabetes
This study was conducted to illustrate the relation between vitamin D deficiency and glycemic parameters.Materials and methodsThe study was carried out on 80 pregnant females who were attending obstetrics and gynecology out-patient clinic in el-Shatby hospital in Alexandria university, Egypt. They were divided into 2 groups: group 1 (n = 40) pregnant females diagnosed with gestational diabetes de novo at week 24–28 and group 2 (n = 40) pregnant females of the same age group who were not suffering from any glucose intolerance (control group). Each patient was subjected to detailed history taking, complete phys...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Recent advances in nanotechnology for the treatment of metabolic syndrome
Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Effat Bahadori, Zahra Farjami, Majid Rezayi, Hadis Lngari, Majid Darroudi, Amir Avan, Majid Ghayour-MobarhanAbstractMetabolic syndrome is a main clinical challenge of global health which is growing universally. It would be resulted from over-consumption of energy, increased obesity, and lack of movement during life. The metabolic syndrome causes a five-fold increase in the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and a double increase in the risk of rising cardiovascular disease over the next 5–...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

ABCA1 and metabolic syndrome; a review of the ABCA1 role in HDL-VLDL production, insulin-glucose homeostasis, inflammation and obesity
Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Mohammad Mahdi Babashamsi, Saeideh Zamani Koukhaloo, Sohrab Halalkhor, Ali Salimi, Mohammad BabashamsiAbstractATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is an integral cell-membrane protein that mediates the rate-limiting step of high density lipoprotein (HDL) biogenesis and suppression of inflammation by triggering a number of signaling pathways via interacting with an apolipoprotein acceptor. The hepatic ABCA1 is involved in regulation of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) production by af...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Burden of macro- and micro-vascular complications of type 2 diabetes in Bangladesh
ConclusionThe prevalence of macro- and micro-vascular complications were very high in Bangladesh and majority of them are key drivers for hospitalization and increased healthcare cost. An improvement of primary prevention strategy for complications is urgently needed which in turn will reduce the long-term healthcare cost for type 2 diabetes in Bangladesh. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

A comparative study of the clinical profile of fibrocalculous pancreatic diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus
Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Channabasappa Shivaprasad, Kolly Anish, Yalamanchi Aiswarya, Sridevi Atluri, Boppana Rakesh, Biswas Anupam, Goel AmitAbstractAimsThe present study aimed to compare the clinical characteristics of patients with fibrocalculous pancreatic diabetes (FCPD) and those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to identify the characteristics distinctive of FCPD.MethodsA total of 133 patients with FCPD were compared with 665 patients with T2DM matched for duration of diabetes. Biochemical parameters and mic...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - March 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The incidence rate of diabetes mellitus (type II) and its related risk factors: A 10-year longitudinal study of Yazd Healthy Heart Cohort (YHHC), Iran
Publication date: March–April 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 13, Issue 2Author(s): Seyedeh Mahdieh Namayandeh, Ahmad Karimi, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Masoud Rahmanian, Seyed Mahmood Sadr Bafghi, Mohammadhosein Soltani, Leila HadianiAbstractBackground and objectivesDiabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia, which occurs due to insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas or resistance to insulin produced by the body. The most dangerous and Long-term complications of diabetes include renal failure, heart failure, cardio...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 27, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

A systematic review on efficacy and safety of the current hypoglycemic agents in patients with diabetes during Ramadan fasting
ConclusionsThe current era witnessed a gradual shift in the management of these patients with diabetes who elected to fast in Ramadan, despite the variable health-related risks with fasting. Results from available RCTs and observational studies in patients with type 2 diabetes showed lower risk of hypoglycemia, similar or better efficacy for glycemic and weight control with SGLT2 inhibitors, incretin mimetics and the newer insulin analogues compared to Sulfonylurea. Gliclazide is a relatively safer option among all sulfonylurea. Patients requiring insulin did better with insulin analogues, especially the newer premixed for...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 26, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Serum irisin levels in polycystic ovary syndrome after ovarian drilling
ConclusionElevated serum Irisin levels in PCOS may contribute to the development of insulin resistance. Ovarian drilling for polycystic ovaries results in a significant decrease in the serum Irisin levels. The analysis of ROC curves may suggest that serum Irisin may be a valuable biomarker for diagnosis and for monitoring cases with PCOS during treatment. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 25, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Mean platelet volume and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in prediction of early diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetics
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Amira M. Mattared, Noha Elsayed Esheba, Ola Abdelfattah Elshora, Waleed S. Mohamed (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 25, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Insulin resistance is a cardiovascular risk factor in humans
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): María M. Adeva-Andany, Julia Martínez-Rodríguez, Manuel González-Lucán, Carlos Fernández-Fernández, Elvira Castro-QuintelaAbstractDiabetes is a common metabolic disorder associated to elevated cardiovascular morbidity and mortality that is not explained by hyperglycemia or traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as smoking or hypercholesterolemia. Intensive glycemic control with insulin that achieves near-normal glycemia does not reduce...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 23, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Association of serum Interleukin-10, omentin-1 and visfatin concentration with metabolic risk factors in obese children
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Kulshrestha Himani, Gupta Vani, Supriya Mishra, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Awasthi Shelly (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 23, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Health literacy among Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: March–April 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 13, Issue 2Author(s): Mahdieh Sedighi Pashaki, Tayebeh Eghbali, Seyed Hassan Niksima, Ahmed N. Albatineh, Reza Ghanei GheshlaghAbstractHealth literacy is one of the most important determinants of health. Limited health literacy can leads to reduced adherence to treatment, repeated hospitalizations, and increased diseases complications. Several studies on health literacy among Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes have reported different prevalences of health literacy. The present study is aimed to dete...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 22, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Relationship between Vitamin D Deficiency, Diabetes, and Obesity
ConclusionVitamin D Deficiency was prevalent in both males and females across different age groups in the citizens of Saudi. Because of the connection between Vitamin D Deficiency and main chronic disease, it is necessary to emphasize the need to recognize Vitamin D Deficiency screening for risk factors. It may be reasonable for the nutritionists, nurses, and physicians, to encourage the community on approaches to enhance dietary Vitamin D or suggest supplementation. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 21, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Hypercholesterolemia as the first manifestation of metabolic abnormalities in normoglycemic young adult male with family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus
ConclusionMale FDR of T2DM showed higher level of TC and LDL-C level than those of non FDR. Male FDR also showed higher risk of dyslipidemia. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 20, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Equality or disparity? Cardiovascular risk factors and their correlation within the metabolic syndrome. The secret of gods
ConclusionThe correlation of cardiovascular risk factors with the metabolic syndrome differs from one another. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 19, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The association between 25-hydroxy vitamin D deficiency and diabetic complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Abdulhalim SenyigitAbstractAimsTo evaluation the relationship between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25-(OH)D] deficiency and diabetic complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).MethodsOne hundred and sixty three patients with T2DM [DM + uncomplicated (n = 36), DM + nephropathy (n = 31), DM + neuropathy (n = 30), DM + retinopathy (n = 30), DM + cardiovascular disease (CAD) (n = 36)],...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 16, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Health literacy among Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Mahdieh sedighi pashaki, Tayebeh Eghbali, Seyed Hassan Niksima, Ahmed N. Albatineh, Reza Ghanei GheshlaghAbstractHealth literacy is one of the most important determinants of health. Limited health literacy can leads to reduced adherence to treatment, repeated hospitalizations, and increased diseases complications. Several studies on health literacy among Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes have reported different prevalences of health literacy. The present study is aimed to determine thr...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 14, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Health indicators and costs among outpatients according to physical activity level and obesity
ConclusionsBiochemical variables were different according to body composition and physical activity. Insulin, glucose and CRP were related to cost in drugs and total costs. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 14, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The association between dietary antioxidants and adipokines level among obese women
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Elnaz Daneshzad, Alireza Farsad-Naeimi, Javad Heshmati, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Zhila Maghbooli, Seyed-Ali KeshavarzAbstractAimAdipokines are associated with several oxidative stress-related diseases and pathologic conditions. We aimed to assess the association between antioxidants and adipokines in obese adults.Methods and materialsIn this cross-sectional study, a total of 160 obese women were included. Body composition and anthropometric characteristics were measured. Dietary intakes were asse...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 14, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Genetic association study between T-786C NOS3 polymorphism and essential hypertension in an Algerian population of the Oran city
ConclusionOur results indicate that the C allele of the NOS3 gene is associated with increased risk of essential hypertension in this sample of the Algerian population of the Oran city. Further validation in larger samples is needed to confirm this finding. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 14, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prevalence of Diabetic Nephropathy and associated risk factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Ramallah, Palestine
ConclusionAlbuminuria is highly prevalent among Palestinian population with type 2 diabetes. This calls for early and universal screening of urinary albumin. There is also an urgent need for measures that target tight glycemic and optimal blood pressure control and the use of renin-angiotensin system blockade. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 14, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The impact of telemedicine on patient self-management processes and clinical outcomes for patients with Types I or II Diabetes Mellitus in the United States: A scoping review
ConclusionsResults suggest that telemedicine has a positive impact on self-management processes and on HbA1c levels. However, future evaluative reviews are necessary to confirm and quantitate the impact of telemedicine on self-management processes and primary studies are necessary to evaluate its impact on long term clinical outcomes. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 12, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Lipid profile in type 2 patients with diabetes from Tlemcen: A Western Algerian population
In this study, we performed a transversal investigation on 100 patients with diabetes type 2 and 10 controls with no clinical history of diabetes. A questionnaire was developed with the anthropometric data and biochemical following values: fasting blood glucose (GLU), total cholesterol (TCHOL), triglycerides (TRG), high-density lipoproteins (HDL-C) and glycosylated hemoglobin (GHbA1c) and calculated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C). We describe further the characteristics of lipid parameters in the study population. To this end, we analyzed the data using descriptive statistics by mean and standard deviation.Accor...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 11, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Association between components of the metabolic syndrome and degree of cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions in Cuban women
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Maydelín Frontela-Noda, Deborah C. Delgado-Herrera, Eduardo Cabrera-Rode, Maite Hernández-Menéndez, Raquel Durán-Bornot, Aracelys Villarreal-Acosta, Orlando Valdés-Álvarez, Yanet Rodríguez-Acosta, Maite Cabrera-Gámez, María A. Ríos-Hernández, Mireya Andreu-Arce, Antonio D. Reyes-Rodríguez, Tania Trujillo-Perdomo, Susana Domínguez-Bauta (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

A systematic review on efficacy and safety of all current hypoglycemic agents in patients with diabetes during Ramadan fasting
ConclusionsThe current era witnessed a gradual shift in the management of these patients with diabetes who elected to fast in Ramadan, despite the variable health-related risks with fasting. Results from available RCTs and observational studies in patients with type 2 diabetes showed lower risk of hypoglycemia, similar or better efficacy for glycemic and weight control with SGLT2 inhibitors, incretin mimetics and the newer insulin analogues compared to Sulfonylurea. Gliclazide is a relatively safer option among all sulfonylurea. Patients requiring insulin did better with insulin analogues, especially the newer premixed for...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Impact of body mass index and waist circumference on blood pressure: A cross-sectional survey in a population living in the Vietnam northern mountainous
This study was aimed to describe the differences in some characteristics among people aged 20 and above in three communes of a district in Vietnam and analyze the correlation between BMI and WC, and BP.Materials and methodsWe conducted a survey with a cross-sectional design of 734 subjects in three communes in Chiem Hoa district of the Vietnam northern mountainous region.ResultsIt was found that except for BMI, there were significant differences in some physical characteristics between genders (p 
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 8, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Ketogenic diets may reverse Type II diabetes and ameliorate clinical depression: A case study
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Nate Cox, Sam Gibas, Madeleine Salisbury, Julie Gomer, Kelly GibasAbstractThe self-management of disease with self-efficacious adherence to treatment protocol is a standard predictor of metabolic control among Type 2 diabetics (T2D) [1]; however, few healthcare systems effectively integrate individualized strategies to mediate the comorbidity of chronic diseases. A clinically prescribed ketogenic diet, patient centered education in nutritional biochemistry, guided high intensity interval tr...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 7, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

General obesity and Cardiovascular diseases among Gaur Brahmin population of NCR/Delhi
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Shobha Kumari, Nidhi Sharma, Jyoti Mishra, K.N. Saraswathy, S.K. Sagar, P.R. MondalAbstractAimsCardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity among human beings. The presence of endemic Cardiovascular diseases and their risk factors differ from population to population. The Cardiovascular diseases associated risk factors are sub-categorised into two forms, one is traditional and the other is non-traditional risk factors. The present study shows the prevalen...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 6, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Incidence rate of diabetes mellitus (type II) and its related risk factors: A 10-year longitudinal study of Yazd Healthy Heart Cohort (YHHC), Iran
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Seyedeh Mahdieh Namayandeh, Ahmad Karimi, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Masoud Rahmanian, Seyed Mahmood Sadr Bafghi, Mohammadhosein Soltani, Leila HadianiAbstractBackground and objectivesDiabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia, which occurs due to insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas or resistance to insulin produced by the body. The most dangerous and Long-term complications of diabetes include renal failure, heart failure, cardiovascular d...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 6, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

What is the effectiveness of post-discharge pharmacotherapeutic empowerment of patients with diabetes?
The objective of the present article was to evaluate the glycemic control of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) after discharge from a pharmacotherapeutic empowerment program. The results suggest that the strategy is effective for short-term glycemic control, but the benefits are not maintained after discharge, indicating the need for the pharmacist's continuous role. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 6, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Association between depression with glycemic control and its complications in type 2 diabetes
ConclusionThe study highlights the high prevalence of depression in diabetic patients. However, there was no significant association between depression and glycemic control. The implementation of mental health screening for rapid diagnosis and timely treatment of depression seems essential in diabetic patients. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 6, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Total bilirubin independently predicts incident metabolic syndrome among community-dwelling women
We examined the relationship between serum TBL and MetS based on the modified criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP-ATP) III report in a cross-sectional (N = 893) and cohort (N = 288) data.ResultsIn the cross-sectional study, serum TBL (β = 0.536, p 
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 6, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The effect of soy nut on serum total antioxidant, endothelial function and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Alireza Sedaghat, Hajieh Shahbazian, Afshin Rezazadeh, Fatemeh Haidari, Alireza Jahanshahi, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Esmat ShirbeigiAbstractBackgroundType 2 diabetes has a high spread and growing process. Using appropriate food diets is among therapeutic approaches has been applied for diabetic patients. Soya utilization has shown effective results in controlling metabolic abnormalities of these patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of soy nut on glycemic conditions, bl...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 6, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Impact of 5-week high-intensity interval training on indices of cardio metabolic health in men
ConclusionThese results indicate that HIIT and MICT modify the post-exercise lipoprotein profile acutely. On the other hand, only HIIT tended to increase HDL-c levels chronically. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 6, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Effect of glycemic gap on short term outcome in critically ill patient: In zagazig university hospitals
ConclusionsElevated glycemic gap was significantly associated with an increased ICU mortality that the glycemic gap can be used to assess the severity and prognosis of critically ill patients and their incorporation into the APACHE II score has increased its performance as a predictor of mortality. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 5, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Serum chemerin levels in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome after metformin therapy
ConclusionThe serum chemerin levels were significantly higher in cases of PCOS cases as compared with the controls. Metformin therapy resulted in a significant decrease in chemerin levels in polycystic ovarian syndrome cases.The analysis of Receiver Operation Characteristic curves of serum chemerin suggested that serum chemerin levels may be of value to evaluate the polycystic ovarian syndrome cases under various methods of treatments. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 3, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Diabetes self-care management: Experiences of the socio-economically backward sections of Jammu
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Swati Sharma, Anindya Jayanta Mishra (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 3, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease among type 2 diabetes mellitus in coastal Karnataka
ConclusionThe prevalence of peripheral arterial disease was found to be 8.52% in the study population. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 3, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The effect of short message service (SMS) on knowledge and preventive behaviors of diabetic foot ulcer in patients with diabetes type 2
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2019Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Ahmad Moradi, Seyed Mohammad Alavi, Mahin Salimi, Sedigheh Nouhjah, Elham Abdolahi ShahvaliAbstractObjectiveThe present study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of an educational intervention via mobile cells on foot care knowledge and foot care practices in patients with type 2 diabetes.Material and methodsThis isa interventional quasi-experimental study carried out in 4 community health centers in Andimeshk City in Iran in 2017. Of 160 patients 80 cases were randomly assigned as interv...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 2, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Diabetes distress and its clinical determinants in patients with type II diabetes
ConclusionsConsidering the high prevalence of diabetes distress in patients with type II diabetes, it seems that paying attention to clinical predictors of distress and screening of patients with diabetes is a reasonable and accessible method for health care providers and patients to improve their disease management. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - February 2, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research