A comparison of 3D ultrasound to MRI for the measurement and estimation of gastrocnemius muscle volume in adults and young people with and without cerebral palsy
ConclusionsThe 3DUS is a valid method for the measurement of MV in adults, TD children and those with CP. Estimation methods of MV may be useful in clinical practise, but require further replication on various populations and careful methodological consideration.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 27, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: M. Noorkoiv, N. Theis, G. Lavelle Tags: Original Communication Source Type: research

Posterior open ‐wedge anterior longitudinal ligament release (POWAR): cadaveric technique analysis
ConclusionsPOWAR is a new surgical technique that can provide an alternative to three ‐column osteotomy for surgeons performing spinal reconstructions in adults through an open, posterior‐only approach.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 24, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Michael A. Bohl, Randall J. Hlubek, David S. Xu, Claudio Cavallo, Mark C. Preul, Steve W. Chang, Jay D. Turner, Juan S. Uribe, U. Kumar Kakarla Tags: Original Communication Source Type: research

Optimal Axis for Lumbosacral Interbody Fusion: Prospective Finite Element Analysis and Retrospective 3D ‐CT Measurement
IntroductionA feasible and optimal axis of biomechanical and anatomic significance in axial lumbosacral interbody fusion (AxiaLIF) was designed.Materials and MethodsUsing the image data set of an adult volunteer, two groups of finite element models of the AxiaLIF, lumbosacral anterior column fixation (ACF) models and middle column fixation (MCF) models with different bone graft fusion degrees, were prospectively established, and their biomechanical differences were comparatively predicted. In addition, 3D reconstruction was performed by retrospectively collecting CT data from pelvises in 60 adult cases. Their anatomic para...
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 21, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yang Li, Dengwei He, Nuo chen, Ting Lv, Aimin Wu, Zhongke Lin, Zihai Ding, Zhengguo Wang, Lijun Wu Tags: Original Communication Source Type: research

Portal vein variants associated with right hepatectomy: an analysis of abdominal CT angiography with 3D reconstruction
ConclusionFailure of right Glissonian pedicle clamping was predictable in 34% of cases while 71% of patients presented normal portal vein anatomy.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 21, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Fabien Clipet, Lionel Rebibo, Jeanne Dembinski, Thierry Yzet, Val érie Vilgrain, Jean‐Marc Regimbeau Tags: Original Communication Source Type: research

Topographical study of the connections of the rami communicantes from the first to the fifth thoracic sympathetic ganglia
This study investigated the morphological variations and histological patterns of the rami communicantes (RCs) arising from the first to the fifth thoracic sympathetic ganglia, and considered the clinical significance of these variations. Fifty upper thoracic portions from 26 adult Korean cadavers were used in this study. There were 731 RCs arising from the first to the fifth thoracic sympathetic ganglia. They were classified into three types depending on the connection between the sympathetic ganglion and the intercostal nerves: in type I, the RCs connected the ganglion to the corresponding intercostal nerve, and in types...
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 15, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Hyung ‐Jin Won, Jong Eun Lee, Won‐Taek Lee, Hyung‐Sun Won Tags: Original Communication Source Type: research

Issue Information
Clinical Anatomy, Volume 31, Issue 7, Page C1-C1, October 2018. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 14, 2018 Category: Anatomy Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

The Anatomy of Concussion and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy –A Comprehensive Review
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 13, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Amit Singla, Bridget Leinweber, Stephen Monteith, Rod J. Oskouian, R. Shane Tubbs Tags: Review Source Type: research

Distribution of Internal Thoracic Artery Perforators: A Clinical Anatomical Study
ConclusionOur results provide information about perforators in the anterior chest wall related to the breast area.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 13, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Dae Hee Kim, Chan Woo Kim, Jang Won Lee, Uigeon Kim, Soyeon Jung, Euna Hwang Tags: Original Communication Source Type: research

The Majority of Piriformis Muscles are Innervated by the Superior Gluteal Nerve
CONCLUSIONSThe most common nerve branches to the piriformis are from the superior gluteal nerve, and the ventral rami of S1 and S2. Based on our study, a single ‘nerve to piriformis' does not exist in the majority of specimens thus this term should be abandoned.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 8, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Joe Iwanaga, Seif Eid, Emily Simonds, Maia Schumacher, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs Tags: Original Communication Source Type: research

Eponymous “valves” of the nasolacrimal drainage apparatus. II. Frequency of visualization on dacryocystography
We examined 92 normal DS‐DCGs on patients aged 14–82 years (71% female, 29% male). We observed “valves” most reliably in the inferior nasolacrimal duct: the inferior valve of Hasner (plica lacrimalis) was present in 98.9% of cases, and more superiorly, the valve of Taillefer (93.5%) and the valve of Krause (79.3%). Contrastingly, we infrequently identified the very superior “valves”: Foltz or Bochdalek in 17.1%, Rosenmüller or Huschke in 46.4%, and Auberat in 40% of cases. Therefore, unlike the inferior NDA valves, these more superior “valves” were less consistently identifi...
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 8, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Vivek Yedavalli, Devsmita Das, Tarik F. Massoud Tags: Original Communication Source Type: research

Emanuel B. Kaplan, M.D. (1894 –1980): A Legendary Anatomist and Hand Surgeon
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 8, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Robert J. Spinner, A. Lee Dellon Tags: A Glimpse of Our Past Source Type: research

Eponymous “valves” of the nasolacrimal drainage apparatus. I. A historical review
The nasolacrimal drainage apparatus (NDA) is of interest to anatomists, radiologists, and ophthalmologists alike, owing to its intricate luminal contour, complex surrounding structural morphology, and its clinical relevance. Here, we review the history of anatomical descriptions of so ‐called luminal “valves” of the NDA, including the numerous historical figures whose eponyms adorn the NDA. By 1908, multiple false “valves” that are likely no more than mounds of mucosa along the NDA had been recorded. In the modern era, these have all been largely considered speculative in nature and function aside...
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 8, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Vivek Yedavalli, Devsmita Das, Tarik F. Massoud Tags: A Glimpse of Our Past Source Type: research

Retracing the observations and footsteps of Beauch êne fils
Throughout the years, scientific and personal research has led us on a historical journey to learn about the life of Beauch êne fils (Edme François Chauvot de Beauchêne), a French clinical anatomist, prosector, and surgeon responsible for introducing the disarticulated skull technique and the first citation of an intraneural cyst. This letter describes our research, travels, and conversations intended to uncover the f ascinating history of Beauchêne fils and his family and our journey full of unexpected twists and turns. During a trip to Paris, we learned of a possible inspiration for the disarticu...
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 8, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Robert J. Spinner, Alexandra P. Wolanskyj ‐Spinner Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Clinical Anatomy of Pelvic Pain in Women: A Gynecological Perspective
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 3, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: SEIF EID, MARIOS LOUKAS, R. SHANE TUBBS, JOE IWANAGA Source Type: research

Issue Information
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 31, Issue 6, Page C1-C1, September 2018. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 1, 2018 Category: Anatomy Source Type: research

The human body is the magazine of inventions
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 31, Issue 6, Page 759-759, September 2018. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - November 1, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: R. Shane Tubbs Source Type: research

Variations in pelvic dimensions: An anatomical and computed tomography study
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 31, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Angelica S. Augustine, Alistair M. Ewen, David T. Wallace, Frederic Picard Source Type: research

Three ‐dimensional femoral head coverage in the standing position represents that measured in vivo during gait
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 31, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Keisuke Uemura, Penny R. Atkins, Steve A. Maas, Christopher L. Peters, Andrew E. Anderson Source Type: research

Proposed surgical technique to facilitate targeted reinnervation of the infraspinatus: A cadaveric feasibility study
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 26, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Cody C. Wyles, Andr és A. Maldonado, Eric R. Wagner, Matthew T. Houdek, Nirusha Lachman, Robert J. Spinner Source Type: research

Our Current Understanding of the Lymphatics of the Brain and Spinal Cord
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 26, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Graham Dupont, Cameron Schmidt, Emre Yilmaz, Rod J. Oskouian, Veronica Macchi, Raffaele De Caro, R. Shane Tubbs Source Type: research

Acromion Morphology and Prevalence of Rotator Cuff Tear: A Systematic Review and Meta ‐Analysis
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 26, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kimberly M. Morelli, Bradley R. Martin, Fatima H. Charakla, Anel Durmisevic, Gordon L. Warren Source Type: research

Letter to Editor “Pancreaticoduodenal Arterial Arcades: Their Dominance and Variations—Their Potential Clinical Relevance”
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 26, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Veronica Macchi, Edgardo Enrico Edoardo Picardi, Aldo Morra, Andrea Porzionato, Raffaele De Caro Source Type: research

Virtual reality perhaps, but is this real cardiac anatomy?
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 26, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Robert H. Anderson, David Bolender, Shumpei Mori, Justin T. Tretter Source Type: research

Anatomical and functional relationships between external abdominal oblique muscle and posterior layer of thoracolumbar fascia
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 26, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: CHENGLEI FAN, CATERINA FEDE, NATHALY GAUDREAULT, ANDREA PORZIONATO, VERONICA MACCHI, RAFFAELE DE CARO, Carla Stecco Source Type: research

Man's body is the most extremely compounded
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 22, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: R. Shane Tubbs Source Type: research

The greatest obstacle to discovery
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 22, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: R. Shane Tubbs Source Type: research

Patterns of Distribution of the Nerves Around the Axillary Artery Evaluated by Ultrasound and Assessed by Nerve Stimulation During Axillary Block
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 20, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Sara Gili, Angelica Abreo, Miguel G óMez‐Fernández, Roma Solà, Carlos Morros, Xavier Sala‐Blanch Source Type: research

The role of mTOR in ovarian Neoplasms, polycystic ovary syndrome, and ovarian aging
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 18, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Jin Liu, Dai ‐Chao Wu, Li‐Hua Qu, Hong‐Qing Liao, Mei‐Xiang Li Source Type: research

The inferior gluteal nerve often has a cutaneous branch: A discovery with application to hip surgery and targeting gluteal pain syndromes
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 18, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Joe Iwanaga, Emily Simonds, Marc Vetter, Mayank Patel, Rod J. Oskouian, R. Shane Tubbs Source Type: research

Blood brain barrier: A review of its anatomy and physiology in health and disease
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 18, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yousra Sharif, Fareed Jumah, Louis Coplan, Alec Krosser, Kassem Sharif, R. Shane Tubbs Source Type: research

Intramuscular innervation of the subscapularis muscle and its clinical implication for the BoNT injection: An anatomical study using the modified Sihler's staining
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 17, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Tae ‐Hyeon Cho, Hyun‐Jin Kwon, You‐Jin Choi, Jehoon O, Sung‐Yoon Won, Hun‐Mu Yang Source Type: research

The Anatomical Relationship between the Sural Nerve and Small Saphenous Vein: An Ultrasound Study of Healthy Participants
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 17, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Cameron GARAGOZLO, Omar KADRI, Mina ATALLA, Fernando POLANCO, Andrew MASSABAND, James COEY, Sara SULAIMAN Source Type: research

Sonoelastography of the Knee Joint
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 16, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mustafa Akkaya, Nurdan Cay, Safa Gursoy, Mehmet Emin Simsek, Mesut Tahta, Metin Do ğan, Murat Bozkurt Source Type: research

The earliest known case of frontal sinus osteoma in man
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 16, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Roger Seiler, Lena M. Öhrström, Patrick Eppenberger, Dominic Gascho, Frank J. Rühli, Francesco M. Galassi Source Type: research

Clinical anatomy of the ligament of the head of femur
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 15, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Vivek Perumal, Nawaporn Techataweewan, Stephanie J Woodley, Helen D Nicholson Source Type: research

Anatomical Basis of the Intermediate Dorsal Pedal Neurocutaneous Perforator Pedicled Propeller Flap: A Cadaveric Dissection
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 15, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Lei Huang, Georgios Pafitanis, Dajiang Song, Deqing Hu, Peng Niu, Xu Hong, Ruilin Qi, Xudong Wei, Heping Zheng Source Type: research

An evidence ‐based approach to learning clinical anatomy: a guide for medical students, educators, and administrators
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 11, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Anthony V. D'Antoni, Estomih P. Mtui, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs, Genevieve Pinto Zipp, John Dunlosky Source Type: research

The Anatomy of Urination: What Every Physician Should Know
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 10, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Elroy Patrick Weledji, Divine Eyongeta, Eleanour Ngounou Source Type: research

The change in position of the axillary nerve with rotation of the arm
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 10, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: O. Fox, P. Lorentzos, M. Farhat, A. Kanawati Source Type: research

The Morphogenesis of the Renal Plexus: Renal Artery and Sympathetic Fibers
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 9, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: B Mompe ó, E Maranillo, A García‐Touchard, J Sanudo Source Type: research

Virtual Reality and Cardiac Anatomy: Exploring immersive three ‐dimensional cardiac imaging, a pilot study in undergraduate medical anatomy education
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 8, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: H. S. Maresky, A. Oikonomou, I. Ali, N. Ditkofsky, M. Pakkal, B. Ballyk Source Type: research

Attitudes and responses of medical students and professional anatomists to dissecting different regions of the body
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 8, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Bernard John Moxham, Odile Plaisant, Baptiste Lignier, Susan Morgan Source Type: research

The Twist of the Achilles Tendon – Associations of Torsions in the Lower Extremity
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 8, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Julian Prosenz, Claus Rath, Merisa Hadrovic ‐Avdic, Lena Hirtler Source Type: research

2018 AACA Abstracts for Clinical Anatomy
Clinical Anatomy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 4, 2018 Category: Anatomy Source Type: research

A self ‐portrait of Michelangelo Buonarroti hidden in a drawing from the Ashmolean Museum
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 3, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Deivis Campos Source Type: research

Ultrasound Imaging of the Superior Cluneal Nerve: Sonoanatomy of the osteo ‐fibrous tunnel revisited
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 3, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Vincenzo Ricci, Levent Özçakar Source Type: research

Integration of anatomical and radiological analysis suggests more segments in the human kidney
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 3, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Veronica Macchi, Edgardo Enrico Edoardo Picardi, Andrea Porzionato, Aldo Morra, Vincenzo Ficarra, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs, Raffaele De Caro Source Type: research

The Transplantation of Corneae From Cadavers Can Prevent Blindness
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 3, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Thomas Tschernig, Berthold Seitz Source Type: research

Effects of Cutting the Sacrospinous and Sacrotuberous Ligaments
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 3, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Niels Hammer, Andreas H öch, Stefan Klima, Jean‐Baptiste Le Joncour, Corentin Rouquette, Maziar Ramezani Source Type: research

Anatomical Study of the Seminal Vesicle System for Transurethral Seminal Vesiculoscopy
Clinical Anatomy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 3, 2018 Category: Anatomy Authors: Ze Y. Li, Yu Xu, Chang Liu, Zhao M. Xiao, Bao H. Luo, Guang W. Xu, Kun C. Wu, Shi Z. Zhong, Jun Ouyang Source Type: research