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Beasley ’s 1981 paper: The power of a well-designed cohort study to drive liver cancer research and prevention
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2018 Source:Cancer Epidemiology Author(s): Jill Koshiol, Zhiwei Liu, Thomas R. O’Brien, Allan Hildesheim The 1981 Lancet paper by Beasley et al., “Hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatitis B virus. A prospective study of 22707 men in Taiwan” is a seminal publication that clearly demonstrated that chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), as measured by seropositivity for the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), preceded the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In doing so, this study paved the way for liver cancer prevention efforts through the ...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 14, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Exploring determinants of care-seeking behaviour of oral cancer patients in India: A qualitative content analysis
Conclusion The care-seeking path among oral cancer patients is complex, customised, and influenced by multiple patient-related and system-related factors. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 11, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Chemotherapy is administered to a minority of hospitalized patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and is associated with less likelihood of death during hospitalization
Conclusion We identified socio-demographics and clinical characteristics associated with inpatient chemotherapy in DLBCL patients. Chemotherapy is associated with lower odds of death during hospitalization, suggesting that most chemotherapy is given appropriately to non-critically ill patients. Clinical acuity is a stronger predictor of death than socio-demographics. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 11, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Development and validation of a prognostic index for survival in non-small cell lung cancer: Results from a Tunisian cohort study
Conclusions This novel and simple prognostic tool could predict survival more accurately in patients with NSCLC. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 7, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Esophageal cancer male to female incidence ratios in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis of geographic, time and age trends
Publication date: April 2018 Source:Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 53 Author(s): Daniel R.S. Middleton, Liacine Bouaoun, Rachel Hanisch, Freddie Bray, Charles Dzamalala, Steady Chasimpha, Diana Menya, Charles Gombé Mbalawa, Guy N’Da, Mathewos A. Woldegeorgis, Ramou Njie, Moussa Koulibaly, Nathan Buziba, Josefo Ferro, Hassan Nouhou, Femi Ogunbiyi, Henry R. Wabinga, Eric Chokunonga, Margaret Z. Borok, Anne R. Korir, Amos O. Mwasamwaja, Blandina T. Mmbaga, Joachim Schüz, Valerie A. McCormack Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains the predominant histological subtype of esophageal cancer (EC) in many...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 7, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Trends of incidence, mortality, and survival of multiple myeloma in Switzerland between 1994 and 2013
Conclusion The increase in incidence can be attributed to demographic changes. There is a trend to longer relative survival in all age groups with substantial increase in myeloma patients aged less than 75 years and only minimal changes in older persons. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 7, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A new approach to estimate time-to-cure from cancer registries data
Conclusions We propose a new approach, based on estimated covariate-specific probability of being cured, to estimate time-to-cure. Compared to two existing methods, the new approach seems to be more intuitive and natural and less sensitive to the survival time distribution. Graphical abstract (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 5, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Population risk factors for late-stage presentation of cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa
Conclusion Using an IMR enables identification of factors predicting late-stage cervical cancer in SSA including: GDP, HIV infection, not using a condom, high parity and no formal education. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 5, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma in Denmark 1996 –2012: A national prospective study of 219 patients
Conclusion As new information, our study adds “respiratory impairment at diagnosis” and “introduction of a national fast track cancer program” to the list of already established prognostic indicators for ATC. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 5, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The impact of rectal cancer tumor height on recurrence rates and metastatic location: A competing risk analysis of a national database
Conclusion There are distinct differences in metastatic recurrence patterns and time to recurrence from different anatomic areas of the rectum. In crude analyses, tumor height impacted metastatic spread to the liver and lungs. However, when adjusting for treatment variables, the hazard of metastatic spread to the liver and lungs are limited. Nevertheless, time to metastases in liver and lungs is significantly impacted by tumor height. Venous drainage of the rectal cancer may be a significant contributor of rectal cancer metastatic spread, but further research is warranted. Graphical abstract (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 5, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Socio-economic patterning in early mortality of patients aged 0 –49 years diagnosed with primary bone cancer in Great Britain, 1985–2008
Conclusions This study found that for osteosarcoma, early mortality was associated with residence at diagnosis in areas of higher unemployment, suggesting risk of early death may be socio-economically determined. For both tumours, distance from urban centres may lead to greater risk of early death. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 5, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Obesity surgery and risk of colorectal and other obesity-related cancers: An English population-based cohort study
Conclusions CRC risk is increased in individuals diagnosed as obese. Prior obesity surgery was not associated with an increased CRC risk. However, the OS population was small, with limited follow-up. Risk of breast cancer after OS is reduced compared with the obese no-surgery population, while the risk of endometrial and kidney cancers remained elevated after OS. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 4, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

First data from a population based cancer registry in Ethiopia
Conclusion In general, these incidence patterns were similar to those reported in neighboring countries, which suggests that the majority of cancer cases occurring in Addis Ababa are captured within this starting phase of the registry. However, our finding of colorectal cancer as the most commonly-diagnosed cancer in males is novel and requires further investigation. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 3, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Schottenfeld and Fraumeni Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Fourth Edition Oxford University Press, (2018).
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018 Source:Cancer Epidemiology Author(s): Freddy Sitas (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - February 2, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The association between recreational physical activity, sedentary time, and colorectal polyps in a population screened for colorectal cancer
Conclusions In this large CRC screening population, there was a suggestive association between increased rMVPA and reduced prevalence of polyps at screening, particularly among females. Even low amounts of regular sitting time (0–20 h/day) were associated with the presence of polyps, particularly among males. Further research on rMVPA and sitting time is necessary to better inform strategies to reduce the frequency of pre-malignant colorectal lesions. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 31, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

TGF β C-509T, TGFβ T869C, XRCC1 Arg194Trp, IKBα C642T, IL4 C-590T Genetic polymorphisms combined with socio-economic, lifestyle, diet factors and gastric cancer risk: A case control study in South Indian population
Conclusion Economic status, tobacco use and food habits play a significant role in gastric cancer development. TT genotype for TGFβ C-509T had an increased risk and CC genotype for TGFβ T869C had a decreased risk of gastric cancer in south Indian population after adjusting for socio-economic factors and lifestyle factors. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 31, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Productivity losses due to premature mortality from cancer in Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS): A population-based comparison
Conclusion Locally-tailored strategies are required to reduce the economic burden of cancer in developing economies. Focussing on tobacco control, vaccination programs and cancer screening, combined with access to adequate treatment, could yield significant gains for both public health and economic performance of the BRICS countries. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 31, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Patterns of age-specific socioeconomic inequalities in net survival for common cancers in Taiwan, a country with universal health coverage
Conclusion Reducing socioeconomic inequality in survival may lead to improvements in survival overall. We should focus on the age groups with large deprivation gaps. Our results are useful for prioritizing cancer sites and age groups for in-depth socioeconomic disparity studies and for proposing interventions for health disparity reductions and net cancer survival improvements. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 20, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Association of processed food, synergistic effect of alcohol and HBV with Hepatocellular Carcinoma in a high incidence region of India
Conclusions Strong relationship between different dietary factors, alcohol beverage with HCC suggests that control on dietary and drinking habit will be an important strategy to combat HCC in this region. Risk factors identified in this study will help to plan more effectively targeted risk reduction strategies and programs in this region. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 19, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Impact of individual and neighborhood factors on disparities in prostate cancer survival
Conclusion Both individual- and contextual-level SES influence overall survival of men with prostate cancer. Additional research is needed to identify the mechanisms underlying these robust associations. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 17, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

An in-depth prognostic analysis of baseline blood lipids in predicting postoperative colorectal cancer mortality: The FIESTA study
Conclusion We consolidated the prognostic superiority of AI and LHR in predicting colorectal cancer mortality over TNM stage. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 8, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Dietary habits during the 2 months following the Chernobyl accident and differentiated thyroid cancer risk in a population-based case –control study
Conclusion Because the increase in DTC risk associated with a higher consumption of locally produced vegetables was not more important in the most contaminated areas, our study lacked power to provide evidence for a strong association between consumption of potentially contaminated food and DTC risk. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 8, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Epithelial ovarian cancer mortality among Hispanic women: Sub-ethnic disparities and survival trend across time: An analysis of SEER 1992 –2013
Conclusions OC mortality in Hispanic patients varied by sub-ethnicity. This heterogeneity should be considered in future cancer data collection, reports and research. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 5, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Re: E Morris, T Treasure, Cancer Epidemiology, 49 (2017) 152 –155
Publication date: Available online 3 January 2018 Source:Cancer Epidemiology Author(s): Stephen W. Fenwick, Graeme J. Poston, Iain C Cameron, Emmanuel Huguet, Fenella K Welsh (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 4, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Estimating the sensitivity of a prostate cancer screening programme for different PSA cut-off levels: A UK case study
Conclusions The framework enabled the sensitivity of a prostate cancer screening round relative to histological cancer diagnosis to be estimated and provides a basis to determine the impact and cost-effectiveness of prostate cancer screening. The approach could be adapted to inform the sensitivity of other biomarkers, cancers and screening programmes. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 4, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Breast cancer survival in Soweto, Johannesburg, South Africa: A receptor-defined cohort of women diagnosed from 2009 to 11
Conclusion In this South African cohort, breast cancer survival is suboptimal, but was better for early stage and hormone receptor-positive tumours. Efforts to reduce clinic losses in the immediate post-diagnosis period, in addition to early presentation and accelerated diagnosis and treatment, are needed to prevent breast cancer deaths, and survival improvements need to be monitored using prospective studies with active follow-up. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 4, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Established and suggested exposures on CLL/SLL etiology: Results from the CLL-MCC-Spain study
Conclusion We confirmed previous established risk factors for CLL/SLL. Among the new findings, further research of central obesity as preventable exposure and the treatment for type II diabetes are warranted. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 4, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Patient education-level affects treatment allocation and prognosis in esophageal- and gastroesophageal junctional cancer in Sweden
Discussion In this nation-wide cohort of esophageal- and junctional cancer patients, including data regarding many confounders, high education level was associated with greater probability of being offered curative treatment and improved survival. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 4, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Building cancer registries in a lower resource setting: The 10-year experience of Golestan, Northern Iran
Conclusions The GPCR data have been included in IARC’s Cancer Incidence in Five Continents series, were used in 21 research projects, and published as 30 research papers. The key ingredients for the successful establishment and maintenance of the GPCR included sustainable sources of funding, a clear action plan for the use of data as well as stakeholder cooperation across all areas of the registration. The GPCR may be considered as a model for planning population-based cancer registries in lesser-resourced settings. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 4, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Subsite- and stage-specific colorectal cancer trends in Estonia prior to implementation of screening
Conclusion In the pre-screening era in Estonia, increase in colon cancer incidence was limited to right-sided tumours. Large stage-specific survival gain, particularly for rectal cancer, was probably due to better staging and advances in multimodality treatment. Nonetheless, more than one quarter of new CRC cases are diagnosed at stage IV, emphasising the need for an efficient screening program. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 4, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Temporal and geospatial trends of pediatric cancer incidence in Nebraska over a 24-year period
Conclusions Regional differences within Nebraska present a challenge for rural populations. Novel use of GIS mapping to highlight regional differences and identify solutions for access to care issues could be used by similar states. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - January 4, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Surgical management and outcomes of colorectal cancer liver metastases
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2017 Source:Cancer Epidemiology Author(s): Eva Morris, Tom Treasure (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - December 28, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Comorbidities contribute to the risk of cancer death among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal South Australians: Analysis of a matched cohort study
Conclusion Comorbidities at diagnosis increased the risk of cancer death in addition to risks associated with Aboriginality, remoteness of residence and disease stage at diagnosis. The Aboriginal cohort experienced comparatively greater exposure to comorbidities which adds to disparities in cancer outcomes. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - December 19, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Plasma magnesium is inversely associated with Epstein-Barr virus load in peripheral blood and Burkitt lymphoma in Uganda
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 52 Author(s): Ravell Juan, Isaac Otim, Hadijah Nabalende, Ismail D. Legason, Steven J. Reynolds, Martin D. Ogwang, Christopher M. Ndugwa, Vickie Marshall, Denise Whitby, James J. Goedert, Eric A. Engels, Kishor Bhatia, Michael J. Lenardo, Sam M. Mbulaiteye Background Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) causes endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL). EBV control was improved by magnesium (Mg2+) supplementation in XMEN, an X-linked genetic disease associated with Mg2+ deficiency, high circulating EBV levels (viral loads), and EBV-related lymphomas. We, therefore, investigated t...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - December 16, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Nationwide analysis on the impact of socioeconomic land use factors and incidence of urothelial carcinoma
Conclusion This study displays regional differences in incidence of UC in Germany. Additionally, results suggest that socioeconomic factors based on agricultural, industrial and residential land use may be associated with UC incidence rates. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - December 16, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Missing data and chance variation in public reporting of cancer stage at diagnosis: Cross-sectional analysis of population-based data in England
Conclusions Current public reporting schemes for cancer stage at diagnosis in England should use a complete-case specification (i.e. the number of staged cases forming the denominator) and be based on three-year reporting periods. Early stage indicators for the studied geographies should not be used in pay-for-performance schemes. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - December 16, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Improvement of relative survival in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukaemia emerging from population-based cancer registries in Switzerland between 2001 and 2013
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 52 Author(s): Annatina Schnegg-Kaufmann, Anita Feller, Helen Baldomero, Alicia Rovo, Markus G. Manz, Michael Gregor, Anna Efthymiou, Mario Bargetzi, Urs Hess, Olivier Spertini, Yves Chalandon, Jakob R. Passweg, Georg Stussi, Volker Arndt, Nicolas Bonadies Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) is a rare and heterogeneous haematological malignancy with increasing incidence in the elderly. We performed a population-based, observational analysis of AML cases reported to the Cantonal Cancer Registries in Switzerland. Data was aggregated by the National Institute for Ep...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - December 16, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Incidence, prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years and risk factors of cancer in Australia and comparison with OECD countries, 1990 –2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
Conclusion The incidence of cancer has increased over 25 years, and behavioral risks are responsible for a large proportion of cancer deaths. Scaling up of prevention (using strategies targeting cancer risk factors), early detection, and treatment of cancer is required to effectively address this growing health challenge. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - December 16, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cancers in France in 2015 attributable to high body mass index
Conclusion High BMI is associated with a substantial number of cancer cases in France, a country with a low but increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity when compared to other European countries. Assuming that the association between high BMI and cancer is causal, these results highlight the need to prioritise the prevention of this risk factor as part of cancer control planning in France and elsewhere in Europe. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - December 16, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Changing temporal trends in non-AIDS cancer mortality among people diagnosed with AIDS: San Francisco, California, 1996 –2013
Conclusion A decline in ADC PMRs and increase in NADC PMRs represent a shift in the cancer burden, likely due to ART use. Moreover, given their elevated SMRs, anal, liver, and lung/larynx cancer remain targets for improved cancer prevention, screening, and treatment. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - December 16, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Effects of primary care physician density, urologist presence, and insurance status on stage of diagnosis for urologic malignancies
Conclusions Increased PCP density and insurance coverage reduced the odds of an advanced diagnosis. Implementation of policies to improve access to healthcare including through increasing PCP density and reducing the number of uninsured patients should result in diagnosis at an earlier stage, which will likely improved cancer-related outcomes. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - November 14, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Childhood brain tumours, early infections and immune stimulation: A pooled analysis of the ESCALE and ESTELLE case-control studies (SFCE, France)
Conclusions Our findings suggest a protective effect of early farm visits and contact with pets, but not with other markers of early immune stimulation. This might be related to immune stimulation but needs further investigation. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - November 10, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cervical cancer screening in the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP) in four US-Affiliated Pacific Islands between 2007 and 2015
Conclusion This is the first report of cervical cancer screening and outcomes of women served in the USAPI through the NBCCEDP with similar results for abnormal Pap tests, but higher proportion of precancers and cancers, when compared to national NBCCEDP data. The USAPI face significant challenges in implementing cervical cancer screening, particularly in providing and recording data on diagnostic tests and follow-up. The screening programs in the USAPI should further examine specific barriers to follow-up of women with abnormal Pap results and possible solutions to address them. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - November 8, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Radiotherapy in small countries
Conclusion There are no radiotherapy services in any LMIC islands. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - November 8, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cost-benefit analysis of establishing and operating radiation oncology services in Fiji
Conclusions Based on the CBA results from using GNI per capita instead of the NMW, this project would be cost-beneficial. Introducing a radiation oncology center in Fiji would have potential impacts on financial sustainability, financial protection, and accessibility and equity of the health system. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - November 8, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Epidemiology of areca (betel) nut use in the mariana islands: Findings from the University of Guam/University of Hawai`i cancer center partnership program
Conclusion The 5-year areca (betel) nut chewing prevalence in Guam is comparable to the world estimate (10–20%), though rising among Non-Chamorros. Adult and youth chewers may be at an increased risk for oral cancer. Adult chewers have an increased risk of other chronic health conditions. Cancer prevention and intervention strategies should incorporate all aspects of health. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - November 8, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Areca (betel) nut chewing practices of adults and health behaviors of their children in the Freely Associated States, Micronesia: Findings from the Children ’s Healthy Living (CHL) Program
Conclusion The FAS areca (betel) nut chewing prevalence (42%) is above the world prevalence of 10–20%, with wide variability across the islands. The oral health findings in this study may inform future oral cancer prevention programs or policies. Regular monitoring of areca (betel) nut use is needed to measure the impact of such programs or policies. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - November 8, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Risk factors for breast cancer in the breast cancer risk model study of Guam and Saipan
Conclusions The results provide a basis for cancer prevention guidance for women in the Mariana Islands. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - November 8, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The efficacy of respondent-driven sampling for the health assessment of minority populations
Conclusions For a more diverse sample, data collection should not be conducted in just one location. Fewer questions about network estimates should be asked, and more careful consideration should be given to the kind of incentives offered to participants. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - November 8, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Detection and estimation of the increasing trend of cancer incidence in relatively small populations
Conclusions The Cuscore test coupled with visual inspection of the temporal pattern of the events seems to be more efficient than regression analysis in detecting and interpreting data suspected to be at elevated risk. A confirmatory analysis is expected to weed out 75% of the superfluous significant results. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - November 8, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research