Direct fracture resistance testing of bone in children using the RPI instrument
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): S. Foster , L. Forestier-Zhang , P. Grabowski , O. Gallagher , S. Madan , P. Arundel , N. Bishop (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

An additional strip of mesh minimises hernia recurrence after laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair; an analysis of 490 cases over 10 years
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): J. Clark , R. Wong , A. Richardson , J. Vatish , A. Haque , A. Bello , D. Al-Musawi (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A preliminary comparative cross-sectional analysis of plaque morphology and carotid atherosclerosis in octogenarians plus and a younger cohort
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): L.S. Alder , M. Aslam , N.J. Standfield (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The glycolytic switch in the development and progression of colorectal cancer
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): V. Cubas , J.W. Taanman , O. Obunbiyi , B. Fuller , B. Davidson , S.N. Dijk (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Sigmoid volvulus: Surgical intervention or conservative management?
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): N. Heywood , W. Chu , M. Wilkinson (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Progression of open appendectomies during ST3
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): R. Fernandes , P.S. Basnyat (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

PATI: Patient accessed tailored information
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): N.M. Foley , G. Connolly , S. Tabirca , B. Maher , T. Cil , M.A. Corrigan (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Villus morphogenesis during intestinal development: A proximal-distal signalling cascade or intrinsic triggering?
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): G. Deehan , R.W. Partridge , J.A. Davies (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Knowledge and attitudes of medical students towards organ donation and transplantation
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): K.K. Bedi , A. Hakeem , R. Dave , K.R. Prasad , N. Ahmad (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A comparative study assessing the quality of life and bowel function in patients following laparoscopic and open anterior resection for rectal cancer
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): H. Khattak , N. Siddiqi , A. Parvaiz , S. George , K. Flashman (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Does expert mentoring improve the acquisition of robotic surgical skills? A randomised control trial
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): D. Hay , P. Dasgupta , K. Ahmed , B. Challacombe (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The mesocolon – A histological and electron microscopic characterisation of the mesenteric attachment of the colon prior to and after surgical mobilisation
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): K. Culligan , S. Walsh , C. Dunne , M. Walsh , S. Ryan , F. Quondamatteo , P. Dockery , J. Coffey C (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Aneurysmal degeneration and type Ib endoleak with proximal aneurysm rupture: A case report, review of literature and technical suggestions
Conclusion: If open conversion is indicated, all technical aspects of the repair including partial stent extraction should be considered for best outcome. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Primary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the esophagus masquerading as a benign tumor
We report a case of primary esophageal low-grade B-cell lymphoma of MALT type in a 50-year-old Saudi male patient who presented to our hospital with a history of dysphagia and heartburn for more than 2 years. Endoscopy showed a large esophageal mass with an intact mucosa located in the distal esophagus, 28 cm–35 cm from the incisor teeth. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) showed a large well demarcated sub-epithelial lesion 4 cm in width and 10 cm in length arising from the muscularis mucosa with mixed echogenicity consistent with benign leiomyoma. Subsequently, the patient underwent surgical resec...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Laparoscopic versus open adrenalectomy for adrenal myelolipoma
Conclusion LA was a safe, feasible, and effective approach to adrenal myelolipoma, assisted by advancement in preoperative imaging diagnostic techniques. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Radio-frequency identification of surgical sponges in the abdominal cavity of pigs
Conclusion Radio-frequency identification has been proved to be a useful method for the identification of surgical sponges within the abdominal cavities of swine. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Reduction in gastric cancer surgical mortality over 10 years: An adverse events analysis
Conclusion There has been a reduction in deaths and adverse events for patients with gastric cancer under surgical care and this has been associated with surgical subspecialisation in oesophago-gastric cancer surgery. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The effects of QuikClot Combat Gauze on hemorrhage control in the presence of hemodilution and hypothermia
Publication date: June 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): Don Johnson , Sheri Bates , Sofiya Nukalo , Amy Staub , Aaron Hines , Taylor Leishman , Jennifer Michel , Dusti Sikes , Brian Gegel , James Burgert Hemorrhage is the leading cause of death from trauma. Intravenous (IV) fluid resuscitation in these patients may cause hemodilution and secondary hemorrhage. In addition, hypothermia may interfere with coagulation. The purposes of this study were to compare the effectiveness QuikClot Combat Gauze (QCG) to a control group on hemorrhage in a hemodiluted, hypothermic model, and to det...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A 78 year old man with nausea and vomiting
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 3 Author(s): Sukhpreet Singh Dubb , Joanna M. Farrant , B.V. Praveen , Sascha Miles-Dua (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

An 88 year old man with dementia and abdominal distension
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 3 Author(s): Sukhpreet Singh Dubb , Joanna M. Farrant , B.V. Praveen , Sascha Miles-Dua (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A 74 year old man with acute abdominal pain
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 3 Author(s): Sukhpreet Singh Dubb , Joanna M. Farrant , B.V. Praveen , Sascha Miles-Dua (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A 40 year old woman with upper abdominal pain
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 3 Author(s): Sukhpreet Singh Dubb , Joanna M. Farrant , B.V. Praveen , Sascha Miles-Dua (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

No-drain mastectomy – Preventing seroma using TissuGlu®: A small case series
Conclusion Although one patient developed small amounts of seroma, TissuGlu® may present an additional option in the high risk, no-drain post-mastectomy scenario. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Burkitt lymphoma involving jejunum in children
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 3 Author(s): Zhi Li , Jiexiong Feng , Xiaoyi Sun A 5-year-old boy presented with 3-month bloody stool from unknown origin and progressive anemia. In this case report, we review the incidence, diagnosis, pathology, treatment and prognosis of Burkitt Lymphoma. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Ventriculoperitoneal shunt and the need to remove a gallbladder: Time to definitely overcome the feeling that laparoscopic surgery is contraindicated
In this study we report the case of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the presence of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. A review of the literature suggests that laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be safely performed in patients with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. The only related contraindication should be if a catheter has recently been placed. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Multiple, persistent gastropancreato-neuroendocrine tumours accompanying sigmoid bowel adenocarcinoma: A rare case report
Conclusion This case highlights a rare GET that has a likely underlying familial origin. It illustrates the non-specific presentation of these tumours and the importance of taking a thorough family history. It also demonstrates that these tumours can be fatal even in the absence of extra-intestinal metastasis. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Perioperative management in order to minimise postoperative delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction: Results from a Swedish web-based survey
Conclusion Swedish anaesthesia personnel are concerned about the risk of postoperative cognitive side-effects but are more concerned about cardiovascular/pulmonary risks, pain, PONV and the rare event of awareness. Most respondents were not convinced about the use of depth-of-anaesthesia monitors. There is a need to improve knowledge around risk factors, prevention and management of postoperative cognitive side effects. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Antibiotic management of complicated intra-abdominal infections in adults: The Asian perspective
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 3 Author(s): Asok Kurup , Kui-Hin Liau , Jianan Ren , Min-Chi Lu , Narciso S. Navarro , Muhammad Waris Farooka , Nurhayat Usman , Raul V. Destura , Boonchoo Sirichindakul , Terapong Tantawichien , Christopher K.C. Lee , Joseph S. Solomkin Regional epidemiological data and resistance profiles are essential for selecting appropriate antibiotic therapy for intra-abdominal infections (IAIs). However, such information may not be readily available in many areas of Asia and current international guidelines on antibiotic therapy for IAIs are ...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The ubiquitous neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM)
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 3 Author(s): Elroy P. Weledji , Jules C. Assob Adhesive interactions are important for cell trafficking, differentiation, function and tissue differentiation. Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is involved in a diverse range of contact-mediated interactions among neurons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and myotubes. It is widely but transiently expressed in many tissues early in embryogenesis. Four main isoforms exist but there are many other variants resulting from alternative splicing and post-translational modifications. This revi...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

How grim is hepatocellular carcinoma?
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 3 Author(s): Elroy P. Weledji , George Enow Orock , Marcelin N. Ngowe , Dickson Shey Nsagha Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a complex disease and a major cause of death in high endemic areas of hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. HCC has gone from being a universal death sentence to a cancer that can be prevented, detected at an early stage and effectively treated. Liver resection or tumour ablation techniques may be effective bridge to liver transplantation if they fulfill the Milan criteria. The areas of ...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Neostigmine for acute colonic pseudo-obstruction: A meta-analysis
Conclusions Neostigmine is a safe and effective option for patients with ACPO who failed to respond to conservative management. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Prospective therapies for high-grade glial tumours: A literature review
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 3 Author(s): Sayed Samed Talibi , Sayed Samie Talibi , Bashaar Aweid , Osama Aweid After three decades of intensive research, cytoreductive surgery remains the gold standard of treatment of malignant gliomas. Survivorship at both 1-year and 5-years has not drastically changed in the UK. Concomitant chemo- and radiotherapy has enhanced the efficiency of surgery, enabling more aggressive tumour resection whilst also preserving the surrounding healthy brain parenchyma. More accurate imaging techniques have also played a role in tumour id...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Ligation Of Superior Mesentary Vein And Portal To Splenic Vein Anastomosis After Superior Mesenteric-Portal Vein Confluence Resection During Pancreaticoduodenectomy-Case Report
Conclusion The lessons we learned are (1) Before SMPV confluence resection, internal jugular vein graft should be ready for reconstruction. (2) Synthetic graft is an alternative for internal jugular vein graft. (3) Direct portal vein to SMV anastomosis can be achieved by mobilizing liver. (4) It is possible that venous collaterals secondary to SMV tumor obstruction may have allowed this patient’s post-operative survival. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Endovascular recanalization of an acute superior mesenteric artery occlusion. A case report and review of the literature
Conclusion Early diagnosis using CT angiography is essential, as it is highly sensitive in detecting a visceral arterial occlusion. However, laparotomy is often required to accurately determine bowel viability and the need for resection.Endovascular interventions appear to be effective alternatives to open surgery with appropriate patient selection. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Invasive procedures with questionable indications
Publication date: December 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 4 Author(s): Sergei V. Jargin Insufficient coordination of medical research and partial isolation from the international scientific community can result in application of invasive methods without sufficient indications. Here is presented an overview of renal and pancreatic biopsy studies performed in the course of the operations of pancreatic blood shunting into the systemic blood flow in type 1 diabetic patients. Furthermore a surgical procedure of lung denervation as a treatment method of asthma as well as the use of bronchoscopy for...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A 42 year old woman with abdominal pain
Publication date: December 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 4 Author(s): Sukhpreet Singh Dubb , Joanna M. Farrant , B.V. Praveen , Sascha Miles-Dua (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A 50 year old man with acute abdominal pain
Publication date: December 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 4 Author(s): Sukhpreet Singh Dubb , Joanna M. Farrant , B.V. Praveen , Sascha Miles-Dua (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A 59 year old man with an abdominal mass
Publication date: December 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 4 Author(s): Sukhpreet Singh Dubb , Joanna M. Farrant , B.V. Praveen , Sascha Miles-Dua (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Adhesional omental hernia: A case report
Conclusion This is an uncommon cause of an acute abdomen, but should be kept in mind as a differential diagnosis, especially in patients with a surgical history. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Enterocolic fistula due to a rectal stent: Case report and literature review
Conclusion SEMS provide an effective, safe, and less invasive option for patients when used in the appropriate clinical context. Further reports of enterocolic fistulae as a complication of SEMS placement are necessary in order to better understand this potential adverse event. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

A porcelain gallbladder and a rapid tumor dissemination
Conclusion This report heightens that with US evidence of porcelain gallbladder, an urgent CT scan should be carried out to assess an underlying malignancy, and a simple cholecystectomy should be done urgently rather than on a routine elective list to prevent possible malignant change if possible. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Surgical treatment of hepatic echinococcosis in Prizren (Kosovo)
In conclusion, hepatic echinococosis was not common among operated patients at our surgery department. Subcostal laparotomy with endocystectomy and partial pericystectomy with omentoplication according to Papadimitris was most commonly used. Exact distribution of echinococcosis is needed to be analyzed with a larger cohort study including all surgery units in the country and with a longer monitoring. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The history of monoclonal antibody development – Progress, remaining challenges and future innovations
Publication date: December 2014 Source:Annals of Medicine and Surgery, Volume 3, Issue 4 Author(s): Justin K.H. Liu As medicine progresses into a new era of personalised therapy, the use of monoclonal antibodies to treat a wide range of diseases lies at the heart of this new forefront. Since the licencing of the first monoclonal antibody for clinical use 30 years ago, the monoclonal antibody industry has expanded exponentially and is now valued at billions of dollars. With major advances in genetic sequencing and biomedical research, much research into monoclonal antibodies now focuses on identifying new targets for deve...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research