Table of Contents
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Information for readers
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Peer Reviewers
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Lifetime achievement award for orthodontic research, 2020
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): Rolf G. Behrents (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Maxillary molar mesialization with palatal mini-implants
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): Pratik Chandra, Richa Dhingra, Parijat Chakraborty, Ragni Tandon (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Authors' response
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): Benedict Wilmes, Sivabalan Vasudavan, Dieter Drescher (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Erratum
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Show me the evidence
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): Peter M. Greco (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Maxillary expander with differential opening vs Hyrax expander: A randomized clinical trial
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): Arthur César de Medeiros Alves, Guilherme Janson, James A. Mcnamara, José Roberto Pereira Lauris, Daniela Gamba GaribIntroductionThe aim of this 2-arm parallel trial was to compare the dentoskeletal effects of the expander with differential opening (EDO) and the Hyrax expander in the mixed dentition.MethodsPatients aged 7-11 years with maxillary dental arch constriction and Class I or Class II sagittal relationships were randomly allocated into 2 study groups. The experimental...
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Infective endocarditis and orthodontic implications in children: A review of the literature
ConclusionsEvidence regarding orthodontic treatment and IE is limited because of ethical considerations of conducting trials in patients who are at risk for IE. Clinical interpretation based on a comprehensive review of the available literature is therefore essential.Clinical ImplicationsBefore initiating orthodontic therapy in cardiac patients, the patient's IE risk is best determined by referring to the current American Heart Association guidelines and through consultation with the patient's cardiologist. Procedures that can lead to tissue injury or bacteremia should be avoided. Oral hygiene must be reinforced because in...
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The role of orthodontics in the repair of gingival recessions
ConclusionsOrthodontic correction of the root toward the center of the alveolar envelope consistently reduced gingival recessions. The changes in Miller's classification indicated improved prognosis for full root coverage with mucogingival surgery. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A prospective evaluation of factors affecting occlusal stability of Class II correction with Twin-block followed by fixed appliances
ConclusionsOverall, acceptable levels of stability were observed, although appreciable relapse was noted in 25% of participants. Neither the degree of buccal segment interdigitation nor pretreatment skeletal discrepancy was predictive of anteroposterior occlusal stability. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Relationship between normative and self-perceived criteria for orthodontic treatment need and satisfaction with esthetics and mastication in adolescents
This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between technically defined orthodontic need (normative criteria) and the need for treatment perceived by adolescent patients.MethodsA total of 215 students aged between 15 and 19 years were selected and asked to respond to a questionnaire concerning their perception of need for orthodontic treatment and their satisfaction with their own esthetics and mastication. One trained and calibrated examiner obtained normative data using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) on the need for orthodontic treatment of these students.ResultsAssociations were found between the DAI score and ...
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Microbial profile in different orthodontic appliances by checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization: An in-vivo study
ConclusionsThe microbial contamination in metallic brackets was higher than that of aligners, when used for a month. Lingual fixed appliances showed more microbial contamination than labial fixed appliances followed by aligners. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound enhances the rate of lateral tooth movement and compensatory bone formation in rats
ConclusionsThe present study provides evidence of the beneficial effects of LIPUS on the lateral tooth movement. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Clinical effect of a fluoride-releasing and rechargeable primer in reducing white spot lesions during orthodontic treatment
ConclusionsThe results of this long-term clinical study indicated that fluoride-releasing primer has no significant advantage in reducing demineralization over the control primer over the full orthodontic treatment period. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Incidence of incisor root resorption associated with the position of the impacted maxillary canines: A cone-beam computed tomographic study
ConclusionsIncidence of lateral root resorption was 18.5% in this study population. In younger patients, the impacted canines appear more often in the middle of the maxillary bone, whereas in older patients, the canines are located more often in the palatal or buccal side of the maxilla. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Incisor root resorption associated with palatally displaced maxillary canines: Analysis and prediction using discriminant function analysis
ConclusionsCanines in contact with adjacent incisor roots was the only risk factor detected for PDC-IRR. Very good predictive discrimination (83%) emerged for PDC-IRR subjects. Predictors of PDC-IRR were canine contact with adjacent incisor, size of canine dental follicle, and presence of peg-shaped lateral incisor. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A prospective 10-year cephalometric follow-up study of patients with obstructive sleep apnea and snoring who used a mandibular protruding device
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): Anette M.C. Fransson, Claudia Benavente-Lundahl, Göran IsacssonIntroductionThis 10-year prospective cephalometric study evaluates the influence of a mandibular protruding device (MPD) in people with obstructive sleep apnea and snoring.MethodsA baseline study population of 77 people was followed biennially. After 10 years, 65 people (45 MPD users and 20 stopped-MPD users) were reexamined. At baseline and after 10 years, a lateral cephalogram was taken in the upright position.Result...
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Contribution of facial components to the attractiveness of the smiling face in male and female patients: A cross-sectional correlation study
ConclusionsIn general, smile attractiveness was strongly correlated with the attractiveness of the smiling face, which is the only significant component. For men, the smile was responsible for 49% of the variation in the attractiveness of the smiling face, the eyes for 22%, and the hair for 6%. For women, 69% of the variation in facial attractiveness could be attributed to smile. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Treatment of Class II malocclusion with tooth movement through the maxillary sinus
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): Sa Cha, Chengxiaoxue Zhang, Qing ZhaoThis case report describes the successful extraction treatment of a Class II malocclusion with excessive maxillary sinus pneumatization. A 20-year-old man sought treatment with the major complaint of protrusive mouth and anterior teeth. He was diagnosed with a skeletal Class II relationship and protrusion of the maxilla. The clinical examination showed a severe Class II molar relationship with excessive overjet and deep overbite. Panoramic radiograph showed o...
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Atypical extraction treatment for failing replanted maxillary and mandibular incisors with space closure of 2 mandibular incisors in the same quadrant
We report the successful orthodontic treatment of a 13-year-old girl who had been involved in an accident with avulsion of her maxillary right central incisor and both mandibular left incisors. Fifteen months after replantation of the teeth, all showed severe root resorption with apical inflammation and had to be extracted. After compensatory removal of the maxillary left central incisor, all 4 extraction sites were closed within 20 months of active orthodontic treatment to avoid implant-prosthodontic replacement. By sequential extraction of the 2 hopeless replanted equilateral mandibular left incisors and common-sens...
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The Maryland bridge retainer: A modification of a Maryland bridge
This article illustrates a technique for chairside fabrication of a Maryland bridge retainer for semi-permanent retention. A stainless steel braided palatal wire is bonded to the anterior teeth. A pontic is then built intraorally with flowable composite, using the palatal wire as scaffolding. The retainer is maintained until the patient is of age for a more permanent restoration. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Come back to me
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): Laurance Jerrold (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Meta-analysis: Fixed-effect model
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): Loukia M. Spineli, Nikolaos Pandis (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

January 2020
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): Allen H. Moffitt (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Directory: AAO Officers and Organizations
Publication date: January 2020Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 1Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - January 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Information for readers
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Mini-implant anchorage: Much is still unknown
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): Wen Liao, Xue Jiang (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Author response
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): Ufuk Tatli (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dentoskeletal morphology in Class I and Class II malocclusion with increased overbite
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): S.S. Karthickeyan (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Authors' response
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): Fatma Deniz Uzuner, Belma Isik Aslan, Mufide Dincer (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Residents' journal review
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): Ricky E. Harrell, John W. Stockstill (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Hold your tongue
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): Peter M. Greco (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Objective evaluation of compliance after orthodontic treatment using Hawley or vacuum-formed retainers: A 2-center randomized controlled trial over a 3-month period
ConclusionsThis study found relatively high compliance in the short-term retention phase for both appliances. Vacuum-formed retainers were better accepted by adolescent patients, whereas those proceeding to private orthodontic practice were more compliant. There was a positive and statistically significant correlation between objective and subjective measures of compliance.RegistrationThis trial was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03683862.FundingNo funding or conflict of interest to be declared.ProtocolThe protocol was not published before trial commencement. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The influence of labiolingual and mesiodistal anterior tooth dimensions on interarch relationships: A modified anterior Bolton analysis
ConclusionTooth thickness affects interarch tooth width ratios and anterior occlusion. A thickness-adjusted ratio can be used to more accurately predict anterior tooth dimensions necessary to achieve proper occlusion. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Qualitative and quantitative changes in the oral bacterial flora occur shortly after implementation of fixed orthodontic appliances
ConclusionsOrthodontic treatment induces significant changes in the oral microbial flora associated with gingivitis and an enhanced risk for cariogenic reactions within the first days of orthodontic treatment. To prevent or reduce infectious side effects, oral hygiene instructions and control of patients are necessary before and during the beginning of the therapy. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Deformation of the zygomaticomaxillary and nasofrontal sutures during bone-anchored maxillary protraction and reverse-pull headgear treatments: An ex-vivo study
ConclusionsOur study shows a higher magnitude of sutural separation in BAMP than in RPHG. The pattern of sutural deformation is consistent with a forward displacement of the midface in BAMP compared with an upward and backward rotation in the RPHG. Rotation of the maxilla was also present in some of the subjects who underwent BAMP. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Influence of orthodontic appliance design on employment hiring preferences
ConclusionsAssuming all other qualifications of the applicants are equivalent, the use of an orthodontic appliance may influence job interviews. The better the esthetics of the appliance, the higher the likelihood of the individual being hired. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Changes in maxillary incisor inclination and position after traction of unilateral vs bilateral maxillary impacted canines in nonextraction treatment: A cone-beam computed tomography study
ConclusionsTraction of maxillary impacted canines, in nonextraction treatment, produces greater labial inclination of maxillary incisors in bilateral cases and similar protrusion in both unilateral and bilateral cases. Unilateral impaction cases showed significant incisor inclination and protrusion in the nonaffected side. These treatment effects should be considered by clinicians. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Maxillomandibular and occlusal relationships in preadolescent patients with syndromic craniosynostosis treated by LeFort III distraction osteogenesis: 10-year surgical and phenotypic stability
ConclusionsLeFort III distraction osteogenesis produces stable advancement of the midface. Overcorrection is required for long-term phenotypic stability because of deficient postdistraction sagittal midface growth. Late mandibular growth contributes to underestimation of the amount of distraction required to produce long-term phenotypic correction. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Trends in Medicaid-funded adolescent comprehensive orthodontic treatment provided by orthodontists to children in Oklahoma between 2010 and 2016
ConclusionsComprehensive orthodontic patients are more likely to be Caucasian females between the ages of 15 and 18 years living in rural areas. The Hispanic community is growing significantly in the Medicaid population. Access to care is still a problem faced by many. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The thickness of posterior buccal attached gingiva at common miniscrew insertion sites in subjects with different facial types
ConclusionsIt was determined that the thicknesses of maxillary and mandibular posterior buccal approximal attached gingiva varied between 1.18-1.72. At this point, the insertion of miniscrews of 7-8 mm in length was recommended for maxillary and mandibular posterior buccal regions, in order to obtain adequate insertion depth. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Factors affecting forced eruption duration of impacted and labially displaced canines
ConclusionsThe inclination of canines toward the midsagittal plane was found to be a reliable predictor of the duration of forced eruption for impacted maxillary canines. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Exploring the perception of orthodontic treatment need using the Dental Aesthetic Index and Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need
ConclusionsThe perception of orthodontic treatment need was assessed differently using DAI and IOTN. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Accuracy of computer-aided prediction in soft tissue changes after orthodontic treatment
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): Xu Zhang, Li Mei, Xinyu Yan, Jieya Wei, Yanxi Li, Hanshi Li, Zhengzheng Li, Wei Zheng, Yu LiIntroductionAn accurate prediction in the soft tissue changes is of great importance for orthodontic treatment planning. Previous studies on the accuracy of the Dolphin visual treatment objective (VTO) in predicting treatment results were mainly focused on orthognathic treatment. The accuracy of Dolphin VTO prediction for orthodontic treatment is, however, poorly understood. The aim of this study was to ...
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Treatment stability after total maxillary arch distalization with modified C-palatal plates in adults
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 156, Issue 6Author(s): Ahmed M. Shoaib, Jae Hyun Park, Mohamed Bayome, Noha H. Abbas, Mohammed Alfaifi, Yoon-Ah KookIntroductionThe purpose of this study was to evaluate skeletal, dentoalveolar, and soft tissue changes at 3 years posttreatment in patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion treated with modified C-palatal plates (MCPPs).MethodsThe sample consisted of 69 lateral cephalograms of 23 patients Class II Division 1 malocclusion (9 men, 14 women; average age, 20.1 years) who underwent bilateral d...
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research