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American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 29, Issue 3, May/June 2017
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 15, 2017 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Feminization of the fat distribution pattern of children and adolescents in a recent German population
ConclusionsConcurrent with drastic and rapid changes of environmental conditions, the body fat distribution of children and adolescents changed to a more feminized pattern during the early 1990s in an East German population. The changes in this endocrinologically mediated pattern might be associated with the increased exposure of individuals to endocrine‐disrupting chemicals which are known to influence the endocrine, reproductive, and immune systems in animals and humans. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 10, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Christiane Scheffler, Melanie Dammhahn Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

An assessment of postcranial indices, ratios, and body mass versus eco ‐geographical variables of prehistoric Jomon, Yayoi agriculturalists, and Kumejima Islanders of Japan
ConclusionsThe complex interaction of evolutionary forces and development/nutritional constraints are implicated in the mismatch of limb and body proportions. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 10, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Noriko Seguchi, Conrad B. Quintyn, Shiori Yonemoto, Hirofumi Takamuku Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Maternal metabolic adaptations to pregnancy among young women in Cebu, Philippines
This study characterizes maternal metabolic adaptations to pregnancy, and their associations with offspring birth weight (BW), among women living in the Philippines. MethodsFasting glucose, triglycerides, insulin, leptin, and adiponectin were assessed in 808 participants in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (Metropolitan Cebu, Philippines). Cross‐sectional relationships between metabolites and hormones and gestational and lactational status were evaluated. Among the subset of currently pregnant women, associations between maternal glucose and triglycerides and offspring BW were also examined. ResultsWomen...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 21, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Ruby L. Fried, Nanette L. Mayol, Thom W. McDade, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

PRINCIPLES OF EVOLUTIONARY MEDICINE, 2ND EDITION By Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, Mark Hanson Univesity of Oxford Press, Oxford, 2016, 400 pp, $50.95 (Paperback), $47.19 (e ‐book)and EVOLUTIONARY THINKING IN MEDICINE: FROM RESEARCH TO POLICY AND PRACTICE Edited by Alenandra Alvergne, Crispin Jenkinson, Charlotte Faurie Springer International Publishing, 2016, 382 pp, $54.61 (Hardcover), $41.54 (e‐book)
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 11, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Cynthia Beall Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

MILK: THE BIOLOGY OF LACTATION Michael L. Power, Jay Schulkin Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press. 2016. 285 pp. $70.00 (Cloth), $70.00 (e ‐book)
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 7, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: E.A. Quinn Tags: BOOK REVIEW Source Type: research

What is significant about a single nursing session? An exploratory study
ConclusionsThis research describes the dynamics of a single nursing session, and has the potential to help explain variation in infant growth and nutrition. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 5, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Elizabeth M. Miller Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

The fat ‐but‐fit paradigm within the context of cognitive function
ConclusionBeing active, regardless of weight classification (normal, overweight, or obese) was positively associated with cognitive function in this sample of older adults. This suggests that perhaps the best strategy to promote cognitive health in this population may be to encourage adequate levels of physical activity. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 28, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Meghan K. Edwards, Paul D. Loprinzi Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 29, Issue 2, March/April 2017
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 24, 2017 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Human Biology association: Program of the 42nd Annual Meeting to be held in New Orleans, LA The Westin New Orleans Canal Place April 19 ‐20, 2017
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 2, 2017 Category: Biology Tags: 42nd Annual Meeting of the Human Biology Association, New Orleans, LA. April 19 ‐20, 2017 Source Type: research

Shape change and obesity prevalence among male UK offshore workers after 30 years: New insight from a 3D scanning study
This study therefore aimed to acquire contemporary anthropometric data, profile changes since the original survey, and assess current obesity prevalence in the male offshore workforce. MethodsA total of 588 men, recruited via quota sampling to match the workforce weight profile, underwent stature, weight, and 3D photonic scanning measurements from which anatomical girths were extracted, enabling computation of body mass index (BMI), total fat, and visceral adipose tissue (VAT). ResultsOn average, UK male offshore workers are now 8.1 y older, 3.1 cm taller, 13.9 kg heavier, and have greater girths than in 1984, which are>...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: A. D. Stewart, R. L. Ledingham, G. Furnace, H. Williams, A. M. Nevill Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

High altitude agriculture in the Titicaca basin (800 BCE –200 CE): Impacts on nutrition and disease load
ConclusionsWe interpret these results as an indication that while diets remained nutritious, investment in the landscape exposed populations to issues of sanitation and disease. The high‐altitude of the Titicaca Basin did not exacerbate the biological impacts of agriculture in terms of increased malnutrition. Additionally, disease load was likely related to problems faced by many sedentary groups as opposed to unique challenges posed by high altitude. In sum, despite the high elevation, the Titicaca Basin is not truly a marginal environment for humans. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Sara L. Juengst, Dale L. Hutchinson, Sergio J. Ch ávez Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Association between T102C 5 ‐HT2A receptor gene polymorphism and 5‐year mortality risk among Brazilian Amazon riparian elderly population
ConclusionsOur findings strongly suggest that imbalance in 5‐HT2A may cause significant disturbances that lead to an increased susceptibility to death for individuals who are over 60 years of age. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: T ális O. Silva, Ivo Jung, Alexis Trott, Cláudia G. Bica, Jeferson N. Casarin, Paola C. Fortuna, Euler E. Ribeiro, Fernanda D. de Assis, Guilherme C. Figueira, Fernanda Barbisan, Maria Fernanda Manica‐Cattani, Beatriz S. R. Bonadiman, Lucien J. Houeno Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Body fat attenuates muscle mass catabolism among physically active humans in temperate and cold high altitude environments
ConclusionThese results suggests that during a negative energy balance dietary macronutrient content cannot abate the loss of muscle mass, but body fat may have a protective effect. This information should be used to improve individualized diets based on body composition, not body mass. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Cara J. Ocobock Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Body frame size in school children is related to the amount of adipose tissue in different depots but not to adipose distribution
ConclusionsBody frame size in school children was related to the amount of adipose tissue in different depots, but not adipose distribution. More studies are needed to confirm this relationship and its importance to predict changes in visceral fat deposition during growth. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Francisco J. Guzm án‐de la Garza, Alejandra E. González Ayala, Marisol Gómez Nava, Leislie I. Martínez Monsiváis, Ana M. Salinas Martínez, Erik Ramírez López, Alvaro Mathiew Quirós, Francisco Garcia Quintanilla Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Identifying signatures of positive selection in pigmentation genes in two South Asian populations
ConclusionsThese results suggest that selection may have affected these loci broadly across the region. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Manjari Jonnalagadda, Neeraj Bharti, Yatish Patil, Shantanu Ozarkar, Sunitha Manjari K, Rajendra Joshi, Heather Norton Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

VDR gene methylation as a molecular adaption to light exposure: Historic, recent and genetic influences
We examined whether degree of VDR gene methylation acts as a molecular adaptation to light exposure. We explored this in the context of photoperiod at conception, recent UV irradiance at 305 nm, and gene‐latitude effects. MethodsEighty subjects were examined for VDR gene‐CpG island methylation density. VDR gene variants were also examined by PCR‐RFLP. ResultsPhotoperiod at conception was significantly positively related to VDR methylation density, explaining 17% of the variance in methylation (r2 = 0.17; P = .001). Within this model, photoperiod at conception and plasma 25(OH)D independent...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Emma L Beckett, Patrice Jones, Martin Veysey, Konsta Duesing, Charlotte Martin, John Furst, Zoe Yates, Nina G. Jablonski, George Chaplin, Mark Lucock Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Conditional random slope: A new approach for estimating individual child growth velocity in epidemiological research
ConclusionThe CRS can leverage the flexibility of linear mixed models while addressing RTM in longitudinal analyses. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Michael Leung, Diego G. Bassani, Amy Racine ‐Poon, Anna Goldenberg, Syed Asad Ali, Gagandeep Kang, Prasanna S. Premkumar, Daniel E. Roth Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Secular change in adult stature associated with modernization in Vanuatu
ConclusionsModernization is likely associated with improvements in child growth in Vanuatu, as assessed by gains in adult stature. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Kathryn M. Olszowy, Cheng Sun, Harold Silverman, Alysa Pomer, Kelsey N. Dancause, Chim W. Chan, Gwang Lee, Len Tarivonda, Akira Kaneko, Charles Weitz, J. Koji Lum, Ralph M. Garruto Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

Bioarchaeological profile of stress and dental disease among ancient high altitude Himalayan communities of Nepal
ConclusionsVariations in dental disease frequencies between the sites may be due to local variations in microenvironment, cultural, and/or temporal differences in resource availability, food consumption and preparation, as well as the age structure of the samples. The low frequencies of markers for nonspecific stress may be indicative of the ability of these ancient Himalayan groups to successfully meet the challenges posed by the extreme conditions of high altitude living through biocultural adaptations. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Jacqueline T. Eng, Mark Aldenderfer Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Lower face asymmetry as a marker for developmental instability
Abstract ObjectivesFluctuating asymmetries in the craniofacial skeleton have been shown to be predictive for mortality from degenerative diseases. We investigate whether lower face asymmetries are a potential marker for the developmental origins of health and disease. MethodsThe lower face of a representative sample of 6654 12‐ to 17‐year old United States (US) adolescents (1966‐1970, National Health Examination Survey III) was classified as asymmetric when the mandibular teeth occluded prognathically (forward) or retrognathically (backward) on one side of the face only. It was investigated whether these lower face a...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Philippe P. Hujoel, Erin E. Masterson, A ‐M Bollen Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Change in postmenarche anthropometric indicators in indigenous and nonindigenous adolescents from Chile
ConclusionAt menarche, indigenous girls had higher values than nonindigenous girls for all anthropometric variables, and this trend remained after menarche, with no further change in ethnic disparity over the subsequent three years. This reinforces the need to implement interventions to prevent or control excess weight prior to menarche, with emphasis on indigenous girls. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Macarena Lara, Patricia Bustos, Hugo Amigo Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

The ecology of population dispersal: Modeling alternative basin ‐plateau foraging strategies to explain the Numic expansion
ConclusionsThe application of a strategy set that includes landscape fire, privatization and intensified processing of seeds and nuts, explains why the Numa were able to outcompete local populations. This approach provides a framework to help explain how individual decisions can result in such population replacement events throughout human history. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Kate E. Magargal, Ashley K. Parker, Kenneth Blake Vernon, Will Rath, Brian F. Codding Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

A call for action: Why anthropologists can (and should) join the discussion on climate change through education
Abstract Anthropologists, human biologists, and researchers in related fields have been investigating the human‐environment interaction and its effects on health for decades. While there have been numerous studies from the medical‐ and health‐sectors pointing to the connection between climate change and health needs, as well as studies advocating for the incorporation of appropriate curricula addressing these needs in medical schools and health‐professional programs, this connection is not being systematically taught to our future healthcare professionals. Here, we first briefly summarize research highlighting the ...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Lauren N. Butaric, Lydia E. O. Light, Sara L. Juengst Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

2D:4D digit ratio is associated with cognitive decline but not frailty in community ‐dwelling older adults
ConclusionsWe cannot ascertain any contribution of prenatal exposure to androgens to the frailty status of community‐dwelling elderly people. We found that reduced prenatal exposure to testosterone in women may contribute to the prevention of cognitive decline in elderly women. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Celina Gon çalves, Tiago Coelho, Sérgio Machado, Nuno Barbosa Rocha Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

Heavier birth weight associated with taller height but not age at menarche in US women born 1991 ‐1998
Abstract ObjectivesHeavier birth weight predicts taller adult height, but it remains unknown the extent to which this additional height increment results from a faster average growth rate versus an extension of the growth period. Aiming to distinguish these effects, this study examined associations between birth weight (BW), age at menarche (an established proxy for growth duration), and near‐adult height in a cohort of US young women born in the 1990s. MethodsMultiple regression evaluated age‐adjusted height as an outcome of BW, age at menarche, indicators of family socioeconomic status, and other potential confounder...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 1, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Megan Workman, Karina Kelly Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Association between blood pressure and magnesium and uric acid levels in indigenous Argentinean children at high altitude
Abstract ObjectiveTo determine the association between nontraditional risk factors such as magnesium and uric acid with blood pressure (BP) in Indigenous children. MethodsA total of 263 school‐aged indigenous children living at high altitude were enrolled in a cross‐sectional study in November 2011. Prehypertension (preHTN) and hypertension (HTN) were defined by systolic and/or diastolic BP ≥ 90th to
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 28, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: V. Hirschler, C. Gonz ález, G. Maccallini, C. Molinari, L. Castano, Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Variations in estimates of underweight, overweight, and obesity in pregnant women from Argentina comparing two reference charts
ConclusionsChanges in prevalences as a result of replacing the RM with the Calvo Chart should be borne in mind to avoid misinterpretations about changes in the nutritional condition of pregnant women. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 24, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Agustina Malpeli, Mar ía G. Ferrari, Horacio F. González Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

Special Section: Worldwide variation in human growth: 40 years later
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 21, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Robin M. Bernstein, Darna L. Dufour Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Abstracts
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 19, 2017 Category: Biology Tags: ABSTRACT Source Type: research

Molecular polymorphisms of the ABO locus as informative markers of ancestry in Central Argentina
ConclusionsThe results demonstrate that the analysis of the ABO system constitutes a useful tool for the study of the genetic structure and evolutionary history of human populations, reflecting accurately the relative contribution of parental continental contribution to the gene pool of admixed populations. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 19, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Mar ía Pía Tavella, Angelina García, Maia Pauro, Darío A. Demarchi, Rodrigo Nores Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

Total and central obesity in elderly associated with a marker of undernutrition in early life – sitting height‐to‐stature ratio: A nutritional paradox
ConclusionThe occurrence of total and central obesity in the elderly was associated with a MU in early life. This result indicates that nutritional deficiencies in childhood may increase the risk of obesity in the elderly, a nutritional paradox. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 4, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Erika Aparecida Silveira, Carla Cristina da Concei ção Ferreira, Valéria Pagotto, Annelisa Silva e Alves de Carvalho Santos, Gustavo Velasquez‐Melendez Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

Weight, gender, and depressive symptoms in South Korea
ConclusionFor South Koreans, the stress of adhering to social norms and avoiding stigma related to body weight seems to explain the relationship between higher body weight and more depressive symptoms. Women are more vulnerable overall, but men are not immune. This study demonstrates that body concerns help explain why weight predicts depression, and more broadly supports the proposition that widespread weight‐related stigma is a potentially major, if unrecognized, driver of population‐level health disparities. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 4, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: A. A. Brewis, S. Y. Han, C. L. SturtzSreetharan Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Equation ‐derived body fat percentage indicates metabolic abnormalities among normal‐weight adults in a rural Chinese population
Abstract ObjectivesObesity classification using body mass index (BMI) may miss subjects with elevated body fat percentage (BF%) and related metabolic risk factors. We aimed to evaluate whether BF% calculated by equations could provide more information about metabolic risks, in addition to BMI classification, in a cross‐sectional rural Chinese population. MethodsA total of 2,990 men and women aged 18–80 years were included in this study. BF% was calculated using previously validated Chinese‐specific equations. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the updated National Cholesterol Education Program Panel III ...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 4, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Xin Liu, Yaling Zhao, Qiang Li, Shaonong Dang, Hong Yan Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

HOW MEN AGE: WHAT EVOLUTION REVEALS ABOUT MALE HEALTH AND MORTALITY Richard G. Bribiescas Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2016, $24.95 (hardcover), $14.49 (e ‐book), 177 pp.
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 27, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Benjamin C. Trumble Tags: BOOK REVIEW Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 29, Issue 1, January/February 2017
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 24, 2017 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Early life infection, but not breastfeeding, predicts adult blood telomere lengths in the Philippines
ConclusionsThese findings show that infancy diarrheal disease predicts a marker of cellular aging in adult immune cells. These findings suggest that early life infectious burden may influence late life health, or alternatively, that short TL in early life increases infectious disease susceptibility. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 24, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Dan T.A. Eisenberg, Judith B. Borja, M. Geoffrey Hayes, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Using the protein leverage hypothesis to understand socioeconomic variation in obesity
ConclusionsConsistent with the PLH, absolute protein intake was similar across SES groups. The relationship between the proportion of protein in the diet and total energy intake should be studied further in the context of real world conditions that may influence protein leverage. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 24, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Traci A. Bekelman, Carolina Santamar ía‐Ulloa, Darna L. Dufour, Lilliam Marín‐Arias, Ana Laura Dengo Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Height, BMI, and relative economic standing in children from developing countries
Abstract ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to estimate a height‐BMI association in child and female adolescent populations in developing countries, and to evaluate the potential role of relative economic status in this association. MethodsFlexible structured additive regression models were used to estimate associations between height, BMI, and relative wealth. Linear regression models were used to evaluate height‐wealth interactions on BMI outcomes. The models were applied to pooled samples of 971,180 children under 5 years of age and 225,718 adolescent females between 15 and 19 years. Samples were taken from Dem...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 24, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Jason E. Murasko Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Understanding influences of culture and history on mtDNA variation and population structure in three populations from Assam, Northeast India
ConclusionAssam has undergone multiple colonization events in the time since the initial peopling event, with populations from Southern China and Southeast Asia having the greatest influence on maternal lineages in the region. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 24, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Peter H. Rej, Ranjan Deka, Heather L. Norton Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

A comparison of skeletal maturity assessed by radiological and ultrasonic methods
ConclusionsThe ultrasonic bone age estimation is suggested for use in epidemiological surveys since the sensitivity for screening for not normal bone development is appropriate, at least within the 8–15 years age interval. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 16, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Katinka Utczas, Agota Muzsnai, Noel Cameron, Annamaria Zsakai, Eva B. Bodzsar Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Milk ejection patterns remain consistent during the first and second lactations
ConclusionMilk ejection appears to be a physiological response that is consistent across consecutive lactations within the same mother. This suggests that milk ejection characteristics are established during or prior to the first lactation. The infant appears to have little influence on the milk ejection characteristics of the mother. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 16, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Hazel Gardner, Jacqueline C. Kent, Danielle K. Prime, Ching ‐Tat Lai, Peter E. Hartmann, Donna T. Geddes Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Association of cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity with inflammatory biomarkers in young adults
ConclusionsAlthough adiposity has a stronger association than fitness with CRP and IL‐6, higher levels of fitness could be essential for maintaining low levels of IL‐6, especially in the presence of high levels of central adiposity. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 16, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Eunduck Park, Janet C. Meininger, Duck ‐Hee Kang, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Nikhil S. Padhye Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Nutritional, inflammatory, and ecological correlates of maternal retinol allocation to breast milk in agro ‐pastoral Ariaal communities of northern Kenya
ConclusionsThis exploratory study contributes toward an understanding of maternal retinol allocation. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 16, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Masako Fujita, Yun ‐Jia Lo, Eleanor Brindle Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The second epidemiologic transition on the brink: What we can learn from the island of Newfoundland during the early 20th century
ConclusionsWe suggest that observed mortality patterns were the result of complex interactions between the poor economy, malnutrition, high prevalence of tuberculosis, and limited health and social services. These factors contribute to the delayed onset of the second epidemiologic transition in Newfoundland relative to other Western nations and the earlier onset in St. John's than in rural areas. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 31, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Dana M. Schmidt, Lisa Sattenspiel Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Police work stressors and cardiac vagal control
ConclusionsThis study supports an inverse association between lack of organizational support and vagal control among female but not male police officers. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 31, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Michael E. Andrew, John M. Violanti, Ja K. Gu, Desta Fekedulegn, Shengqiao Li, Tara A. Hartley, Luenda E. Charles, Anna Mnatsakanova, Diane B. Miller, Cecil M. Burchfiel Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Family history of cardiovascular disease and parental lifestyle behaviors are associated with offspring cardiovascular disease risk markers in childhood
ConclusionFamily history of cardiovascular disease and maternal tobacco smoking are related to increased cardiovascular risk in adolescents, potentially independent of their own lifestyle behaviors. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 31, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Danilo R. Silva, Andr é O. Werneck, Paul J. Collings, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Décio S. Barbosa, Enio R. V. Ronque, Luís B. Sardinha, Edilson S. Cyrino Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

How much impact do gains in height have on shoulder breadths within Taiwanese families?
ConclusionsTaken as a whole, results here support the view that secular changes in stature are not accompanied by similar changes in body breadths, perhaps so that responses to developmental environmental improvements do not alter thermoregulatory equilibria that reflect long‐term evolutionary processes. These results indirectly constrain plausible hypotheses about how ancestors of Austronesian speakers altered their body size and shape as they voyaged to Fiji, Western Polynesia, and beyond. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 31, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Bruce Floyd Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Pubertal testis volume, age at pubertal onset, and adolescent blood pressure: Evidence from Hong Kong's “Children of 1997” birth cohort
ConclusionsGreater pubertal testicular volume is related to higher BP, consistent with a potential role of androgens in the higher BP in boys than girls that emerges during puberty. Our finding provides preliminary evidence supportive of more definitive studies to clarify the warning on testosterone from Health Canada. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 31, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Man Ki Kwok, Gabriel M. Leung, C. Mary Schooling Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Human Biologyassociation: Program of the 42nd Annual Meeting to be held in New Orleans, LA The Westin New Orleans Canal Place April 19 ‐20, 2017
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 31, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research