Determinants of peri-operative blood transfusion in a contemporary series of open prostatectomy for benign prostate hyperplasia
Publication date: June 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 2 Author(s): M.Y. Kyei (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Biopsie prostatique transrectale au chu yo: analyse de l’acceptabilite, de la tolerance et des facteurs de risque de complications
Publication date: June 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 2 (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Biopsie prostatique transrectale digitoguidee: technique, indications, et morbidite
Publication date: June 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 2 (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Correlation of the IPSS and quality of life with MMS® uroflowmetry in patients with LUTS in Ibadan, Nigeria
Publication date: June 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 2 Author(s): T.A. Malomo , S.A. Adebayo , A.O. Takure , A. Anegbe , O.B. Shittu , L.I. Okeke , E.O. Olapade-Olaopa (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Epispadias pénien: à propos d’un cas
We report a similar case in a 30-year-old male. Our treatment was in the form of urethroplasty using Cantwell-young technique with satisfactory functional results. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Uretere Retrocave: Deux Nouvelles Observations à L’hopital Du Point G A Bamako
Publication date: June 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 2 Author(s): A. Tembely , A. Diarra , H. Berthé , M.L. Diakité , K. Ouattara Nous rapportons deux cas d’uretère rétrocave droit de type I et II chez deux patients de sexe masculin et féminin, âgés de 23 et 27ans. La symptomatologie d’appel a été une douleur lombaire droite fébrile. Les examens d’imagerie ont permis de poser le diagnostic d’uretère rétrocave dans un cas et de syndrome de jonction pyélo-uretérale dans l&rsquo...
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Female circumcision in non-Muslim females in Africa
Publication date: June 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 2 Author(s): W.R. Elseesy (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Vesicovaginal fistula, bladder calculus, retained foreign body or all of the above? The unusual presentation of a female with total urinary incontinence
Publication date: June 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 2 Author(s): L. Paik , S. Smit , H. van Heerden , K. du Toit , A. van der Merwe , C. Heyns A 78-year-old female with total urinary incontinence was referred to Tygerberg Hospital. On physical exam a firm mass consistent with a stone was palpated along the anterior vagina and confirmed with KUB X-ray and ultrasonography. Under general anesthesia cystolithalopaxy was performed and the vaginal component was removed manually. A foreign body (aerosol cap) was identified in the vagina as the underlying cause. The aerosol cap had eroded through the ...
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Primary urachal adenocarcinoma: A case report
We report this case of a 52-year-old patient with a stage-I (Mayo Clinic) primary urachal adenocarcinoma with good outcomes after surgery in a 2-year follow-up period. We analyze epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic features of this disease in the literature review. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Herlyn Werner Wunderlich syndrome: A case of obstructed hemivagina with ipsilateral renal agenesis (OHVIRA syndrome) and didelphic uterus
We report a rare case of obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis (OHVIRA) syndrome with a didelphic uterus. A 22-year-old female presented with infertility for one year. Imaging studies revealed an absent left kidney, massive hematometrocolpos on the left side with normal other side. She was diagnosed with OHVIRA syndrome. She underwent septostomy of the vaginal septum, drainage of hematometrocolpos and hysterolaparoscopy that showed a bicornuate uterus and hematosalpinx. Given the rarity of the syndrome it is frequently misdiagnosed. Delayed diagnosis can lead to endometriosis. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Conservative management of emphysematous pyelonephritis in a horseshoe kidney
Publication date: June 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 2 Author(s): M.M. Gargouri , R. Boulma , Y. Kallel , M. Chelif , S.B. Rhouma , Y. Nouira Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is an acute infection of the kidney, characterized by the presence of gas in the renal parenchyma and collecting system. Conservative management is rarely effective to treat this severe infection and the accepted treatment consists of early nephrectomy. Herein, we report a case of EPN in a horseshoe kidney, presented in a 67-year-old, diabetic woman. A percutaneous drainage of the kidney, under computed tomography contro...
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Deferred endoscopic urethral realignment: Role in management of traumatic posterior urethral disruption
Conclusion When early realignment is postponed for any reason, deferred endoscopic realignment is considered an adequate substitute because urethral continuity can be achieved in a group of patients without increase incidence of impotence and incontinence. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Urethroplasty for male urethral strictures: Experience from a national teaching hospital in Senegal
Conclusions In our hands, the results of anastomotic urethroplasty were better, while those of substituting urethroplasties were disappointing. These results are explained by the complexity of the strictures and the limited experience in urethral reconstruction of most surgeons. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

African Journal of Urology: Continuing progress
Publication date: June 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 2 Author(s): I. Khalaf , A. Mosharafa (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Current minimally invasive and endourological therapy in pediatric nephrolithiasis
Conclusion ESWL alone, for a large stone, or in a lower pole in uninephric children is not the standard of care. PCNL offer an appropriate and therapeutic modality in specific situation i.e. larger stones, the lower pole stones with stone free rate approaching 80%. Nevertheless, flexible ureteroscopy with the newest high definition cameras has a promising potential in reaching a 100% stone-free rate in the near future. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Hydronéphrose géante sur rein ectopique pelvien révélée par un syndrome occlusif: Cas rare. Rare case of ectopic pelvic kidney with giant hydronephrosis revealed by occlusive syndrome
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology Author(s): R. Yassine L’association d’une ectopie rénale pelvienne à une hydronéphrose géante est exceptionnelle: à ce jour, 5 cas ont été publiés dans la littérature. Elle peut-être responsable d’une compression extrinsèque des structures adjacentes. Les auteurs rapportent un cas d’hydronéphrose majeure sur un rein gauche ectopique en position pelvienne, chez un patient de 17 ans, révélé par une occlusion intestin...
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Métastase orbitaire d’un adénocarcinome prostatique: à propos d’un cas
Publication date: September 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 3 Author(s): M.A. Mseddi , M. Bouassida , A. Chaabouni , N. Rebai , K. Chabchoub , A. Bahloul , M. Hadj Slimen , M.N. Mhiri Le cancer prostatique est parmi les cancers les plus pourvoyeurs de métastases Osseuses. Cependant, très peu de cas de métastases orbitaires ont été rapportés dans la littérature. Leur survenue constitue un tournant évolutif défavorable de la maladie et un traitement urgent serait nécessaire vu que le pronostic fonctionnel de l‘œil att...
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Trois observations de néphrome mésoblastique avant l’âge de 6 mois
We report on three cases of mesoblastic nephroma in two infants aged 3 and 5 months and a 5-day-old newborn. The congenital mesoblastic nephroma represents 2 to 3% of the pediatric renal tumors. Its pathological, therapeutic, and prognostic features are different from the nephroblastoma. There are many controversies in its management. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Choriocarcinome gestationnel révélé par une métastase rénale
We report a case of GC in a 35-year-old patient who presents with hematuria from a renal metastasis. Clinical improvement was noted after nephrectomy and chemotherapy. This observation underlines the importance of the dosage of the beta-HCG and the polymorphic clinical presentation of gestational choriocarcinoma. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Le drainage pelvien après adénometomie prostatique transvésicale reste-il indispensable?
Conclusion L’absence de drainage sous péritonéal après adénomectomie de la prostate ne s’accompagne pas de plus de complications que dans la technique classique avec drainage. Un gain en jours d’hospitalisation peut au contraire s’en suivre. Objectives Open surgery still has its place in the management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). We present our preliminary experience with drain-free suprapubic prostatectomy. Patients and Methods We assessed prospectively 100 consecutive prostatectomies for BPH, performed by the transvesical suprapubic approach between June 20...
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Cancer du testicule: particularités cliniques et limites thérapeutiques en milieu hospitalier urologique au Sénégal
Conclusion Le cancer du testicule reste rare au Sénégal et concerne des sujets jeunes. Le diagnostic est encore posé à des stades très évolués avec une lourde mortalité. Objective To investigate the clinical features and limitations of therapeutic management of testicular cancer in Senegal. Patients and methods This is a retrospective study over 15 years period between January 1997 and January 2012. Twenty-two cases were collected but only 17 had complete data for analysis. Results The average annual incidence was 1.13 cases per year, with a mean age of 27±9...
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Cystic poorly differentiated nephroblastoma: A case report and review of literature
Conclusions Surgery is curative in Stage I CPDN and adjuvant therapy is not required. Adequate sampling is critical to ensure accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. We suggest that a minimum of 2–3 tissue sections should be taken per centimetre of tumour diameter. Related entities including cystic nephroma, cystic Wilms tumour and completely necrotic nephroblastoma are discussed in the differential diagnosis. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Editorial comment on: “Ureteritis cystica: A rare benign lesion”
Publication date: September 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 3 Author(s): E.O. Kehinde (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Ureteritis cystica: A rare benign lesion
We present a case of a 63 year old Sudanese woman with a history of repeated attacks of right loin pain in whom magnetic resonance urography (MRU) showed multiple filling defects in the right ureter. These were initially thought to be malignant urothelial lesions. Ureteroscopy revealed cystic smooth walled masses which discharged tiny turbid fluid on biopsy. An intraoperative diagnosis of ureteritis cystica was confirmed. The patient was managed conservatively. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Assessment of testicular volume: A comparison of fertile and sub-fertile West African men
Conclusion Testicular volume on scrotal ultrasound correlates well with severity of oligospermia in men with sub-fertility. While the critical mean testicular volume necessary for adequate spermatogenesis has not been determined, it appears there is an optimal testicular volume of 18–20ml at which spermatogenesis is at its peak in sub-fertile Nigerian men. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Simplified percutaneous large bore suprapubic cystostomy for acute urinary retention—A cost saving procedure
Conclusions Emergency cystostomy can be safely achieved through direct puncture of the visibly and palpably distended bladder with appropriately selected surgical blades that will subsequently allow resistance-free placement of sizable Foley catheters. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Disintegrating perineal disease: A variant of watering-can perineum
We report a case of disintegrating perineal disease, a fulminant variant of watering-can perineum, in an immunocompetent patient. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Photodynamic diagnosis of bladder cancer: Initial experience of a single UK centre
Conclusion BLC with Hexvix was easily introduced into a Bladder cancer management protocol and well tolerated by most patients. BLC increased diagnostic accuracy of cystoscopy during TURBT, although some of the lesions it detected were false positive. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The issue of ventral versus dorsal approach in bulbar urethral reconstruction
Publication date: September 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 3 Author(s): E. Palminteri , E. Berdondini , O. Sedigh , G.B. Di Pierro (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

IFC: Editorial Board
Publication date: September 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology, Volume 20, Issue 3 (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Complications urologiques de la chirurgie pelvienne au chu aristide le dantec de dakar
Conclusion Les lésions les plus fréquentes étaient la section urétérale et la fistule vésico-vaginale survenant surtout lors de la chirurgie gynécologique. Objectives To determine the pelvic surgical operations resulting in urological injuries, to assess the different types of injuries and describe their management in the University Hospital Aristide Le Dantec of Dakar. Material and methods We did a retrospective study covering a period of eight years, reviewing the files of all patients who had urological injuries after pelvic surgery. The parameters studied were: age, th...
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Scrotal abnormalities and infertility in west African men: A comparison of fertile and sub-fertile men using scrotal ultrasonography
Conclusion Male sub-fertility was associated with a higher prevalence of scrotal abnormalities. Apart from the diagnoses of the possible causes of the sub-fertility, routine scrotal US was able to diagnose other abnormalities of clinical relevance in the sub-fertile male. Scrotal US is a valuable tool in the evaluation of the sub-fertile west African man and should be considered in the routine evaluation of the sub-fertile west African man. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Revisiting Randall's plaque
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2014 Source:African Journal of Urology Author(s): N. Abrol , N.S. Kekre Kidney stones have probably affected mankind for ages with early reports in an Egyptian mummy. While prevalence of stone disease is increasing, its pathogenesis remains elusive. Randall, after his study on more than 1100 cadaver kidneys, gave hypothesis of subepithelial plaque acting as a nucleation site for kidney stones. His plaque hypothesis met with criticism because he proposed a unified theory for all types of stones. However, recently Randall's plaque has been reinvestigated. This review discusses t...
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Primary renal osteosarcoma: A case report
We report on the clinical and pathologic features of a case of primary renal osteosarcoma in a 56-year-old man with stage IV disease. This is the 28th case of primitive renal osteosarcoma reported in the literature, confirming the highly malignant nature of this tumor and the need for early diagnosis. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research