Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist can be used to wean infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernias off respiratory support
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 718-719, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 16, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 560-567, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 16, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 718-719, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 16, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Narrative review shows that the short ‐term use of ketorolac is safe and effective in the management of moderate to severe pain in children
ConclusionThe short‐term use of ketorolac appears to be safe for children in many situations.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 16, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pierluigi Marzuillo, Lorenzo Calligaris, Stefano Amoroso, Egidio Barbi Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Duration of anaemia during the first week of life is an independent risk factor for retinopathy of prematurity
This study evaluated the correlation between retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), anaemia and blood transfusions in extremely preterm infants. MethodsWe included 227 infants born below 28 weeks of gestation at King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth, Australia, from 2014–2016. Birth characteristics and risk factors for ROP were retrieved and anaemia and severe anaemia were defined as a haemoglobins of
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 15, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pia Lundgren, Sam E Athikarisamy, Sanjay Patole, Geoffrey C Lam, Lois E Smith, Karen Simmer Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Effect of maturity and infection on the rate of relaxation of the respiratory muscles in ventilated, newborn infants
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 587-592, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 15, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 587-592, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 15, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Effect of maturity and infection on the rate of relaxation of the respiratory muscles in ventilated, newborn infants
Abstract AimTo assess the respiratory muscle time constant of relaxation (τ), an index of respiratory muscle function in ventilated newborns. MethodsSixty‐two infants (42 born prematurely) with a median gestational age of 29 [interquartile range (IQR) 26‐37] weeks were prospectively studied. Measurement of τ was done during spontaneous breathing on endotracheal continuous positive airway pressure prior to extubation and τ was calculated from the reciprocal of the slope of the airway pressure decline versus time. Infants were classified as having had systemic or respiratory infection (positive microbiology) ...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 15, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Theodore Dassios, Ourania Kaltsogianni, Paul Dixon, Anne Greenough Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

A systematic review of instruments for assessing parent satisfaction with family ‐centred care in neonatal intensive care units
Conclusion: Only two validated instruments included all six of the FCC principles and could assess parent satisfaction with FCC in neonatal intensive care units and be considered as outcome indicators for further research. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 14, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Immacolata Dall'Oglio, Rachele Mascolo, Orsola Gawronski, Emanuela Tiozzo, Anna Portanova, Angela Ragni, Rosaria Alvaro, Gennaro Rocco, Jos M. Latour Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

International Young Investigator Award 2016
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 12, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hugo Lagercrantz Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Acknowledgements
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 12, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Acknowledgements Source Type: research

Highlights in this issue
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 12, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anna K äll, Hugo Lagercrantz Tags: Highlights in this issue Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 12, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

What are the medical indications for providing extremely premature infants with intensive care?
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 12, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Niels Lyn øe, Gert Helgesson, Niklas Juth Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Screen ‐time matters
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 12, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Åse Victorin Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Cortisol and blood pressure levels decreased in fathers during the first hour of skin ‐to‐skin contact with their premature babies
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 628-632, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The highest mortality rates in childhood dilated cardiomyopathy occur during the first year after diagnosis
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 672-677, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Long ‐term cardiovascular reprogramming by short‐term perinatal exposure to nicotine's main metabolite cotinine
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 638-646, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Are inhaled steroids safe and effective for prevention or treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia?
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 554-556, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 628-632, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 672-677, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 638-646, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 554-556, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Cortisol and blood pressure levels decreased in fathers during the first hour of skin ‐to‐skin contact with their premature babies
ConclusionFathers who held their baby in skin‐to‐skin contact for the first time showed a significant reduction in physiological stress responses. Our findings support hospital practices that enable fathers to experience their first intimate contact with their newborn infant in the NICU.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Natalia Varela, R éjean Tessier, George Tarabulsy, Tamarha Pierce Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Long ‐term cardiovascular re‐programming by short‐term perinatal exposure to nicotine's main metabolite cotinine
Abstract AimGather “proof‐of‐concept” evidence of the adverse developmental potential of cotinine (a seemingly benign biomarker of recent nicotine / tobacco smoke exposure). MethodsPregnant C57 mice drank nicotine or cotinine‐laced water for 6wks from conception (NPRE = 2% saccharin+100μg nicotine/ml; CPRE = 2% saccharin + 10μg cotinine/ml) or 3wks after birth (CPOST = 2% saccharin + 30μg cotinine/ml). Controls drank 2% saccharin (CTRL). At 17±1weeks (male pups; CTRL n=6; CPOST n=6; CPRE n=8; NPRE n=9) we assessed (i) cardiovascular control during sleep; (ii) arterial reactivity ex vivo; (...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stefano Bastianini, Viviana Lo Martire, Alessandro Silvani, Giovanna Zoccoli, Chiara Berteotti, Hugo Lagercrantz, Anders Arner, Gary Cohen Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

The highest mortality rates in childhood dilated cardiomyopathy occur during the first year after diagnosis
ConclusionThe combined incidence of DCM and LVNC was similar to previous reports. Most children with idiopathic DCM presented during infancy and mortality was highest during the first year after diagnosis.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 9, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shalan Fadl, H åkan Wåhlander, Katja Fall, Yang Cao, Jan Sunnegårdh Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Systematic review of the effect of denosumab on children with osteogenesis imperfecta showed inconsistent findings
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 8, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Guowei Li, Yanling Jin, Mitchell A.H. Levine, Heike Hoyer ‐Kuhn, Leanne Ward, Jonathan D. Adachi Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

John Walker ‐Smith: the father of European paediatric gastroenterology
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 8, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lars Stenhammar, Lotta H ögberg, Lars Browaldh, Mats Eriksson, Bo Tjellström Tags: Paediatric Essay Source Type: research

Sleep disorders in obese children are not limited to obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 658-665, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 7, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Brain connectivity in children is increased by the time they spend reading books and decreased by the length of exposure to screen ‐based media
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 685-693, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 7, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 658-665, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 7, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 685-693, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 7, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Brain connectivity in children is increased by the time they spend reading books and decreased by the length of exposure to screen ‐based media
ConclusionScreen time and time spent reading showed different effects on functional connectivity between the visual word form area and language, visual and cognitive‐control regions of the brain. These findings underscore the importance of children reading to support healthy brain development and literacy and limiting screen time.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 7, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tzipi Horowitz ‐Kraus, John S. Hutton Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Paediatric breath ‐holding spells are associated with autonomic dysfunction and iron deficiency may play a role
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 653-657, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 6, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 653-657, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 6, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Paediatric breath ‐holding spells are associated with autonomic dysfunction and iron deficiency may play a role
ConclusionOur study of patients aged 12‐13 months supported the theory of autonomic dysfunction in BHS. The ECG findings, especially in patients with prolonged or frequent spells, need to be studied further to evaluate the risk of life‐threatening events. Iron deficiency may play a role in autonomic dysfunction in patients with BHS.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 6, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: H Tomoum, N Habeeb, I Elagouza, H Mobarez Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Maternal mood disorders and lithium exposure in utero were not associated with poor cognitive development during childhood
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 5, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica, Ahead of Print. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 5, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Virus detection in critically ill children with acute respiratory disease: a new profile in view of new technology
ConclusionHigher risk of intubation was found in patients with parainfluenza as compared to RSV. The risk of intubation comparing parainfluenza virus to other viruses and for patients with multiple versus single virus needs to be further studied. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 5, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Atsushi Kawaguchi, Angela Bates, Bonita E. Lee, Steven Drews, Daniel Garros Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Education, school type and screen time were associated with overweight and obesity in 2930 adolescents
Abstract AimThis cross‐sectional study analysed the influence of socio‐economic factors on screen time, overweight and obesity. MethodsWe asked adolescents aged 10, 14 and 17 from 10 school types in urban and rural regions in Upper Austria to complete questionnaires from December 2012 to February 2013. Their parents were also asked to complete questionnaires. ResultsThe questionnaires were completed by 2930 adolescents and 2209 parents. Total weekend screen time was significantly associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) in 10‐year‐old boys (p
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 5, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dieter Furthner, Margit Ehrenmueller, Roland Lanzersdorfer, Gerhard Halmerbauer, Klaus Schmitt, Ariane Biebl Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

A higher level of ketonaemia does not predict oral rehydration failure in vomiting paediatric patients and routine measurement is unnecessary
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 714-717, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

A comparative study found that a seven ‐year school‐based exercise programme increased physical activity levels in both sexes
Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 701-707, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 714-717, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Acta Paediatrica,Volume 107, Issue 4, Page 701-707, April 2018. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Are inhaled steroids safe and effective for prevention or treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia?
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Eric S. Shinwell Tags: A Different View Source Type: research

Responding to parental requests for life ‐sustaining treatment… relational potential revisited
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Aaron Wightman, Jennifer Cobelli Kett, Benjamin Wilfond Tags: A Different View Source Type: research

Supportive palliative care should be integrated into routine care for paediatric patients with life ‐limiting kidney disease
ConclusionSupportive palliative care should be implemented into the routine care of patients with life‐limiting kidney disease.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Julia Thumfart, Tobias Reindl, Cornelia Rheinlaender, Dominik M üller Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Sleep disorders in obese children are not limited to obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome
ConclusionSleep disorders in obese children were not limited to respiratory sleep disorders including OSAS. A systematic specific consultation with a sleep specialist is essential for the diagnosis and care of such children and would be beneficial when treating paediatric obesityThis article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: C Carriere, O Coste, M C Meiffred ‐Drouet, P Barat, H Thibault Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Assessing Truncal Obesity in Predicting Cardiometabolic Risk in Children: Clinical Measures versus Dual ‐energy X‐ray Absorptiometry
The objectives of this study were to: 1) Compare the accuracy of waist:hip ratio (WHR) and waist:height ratio (WHtR) by determining their association with reference‐standard measures derived from dual‐energy X‐ray absorptiometry (DXA) and 2) assess the relationship of DXA, WHR, and WHtR to measures of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and inflammation in children. MethodsSubjects aged four to 21 were prospectively recruited. Truncal obesity by DXA was defined as the trunk fat:height ratio and trunk fat:non‐trunk fat ratio. 308 subjects were studied, 246 (80%) were obese. ResultsThere was a strong correlation betwee...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Vincent J. Palmieri, Melissa H. Henshaw, Janet Carter, Shahryar M. Chowdhury Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Parents with overweight children age two and five years of age did not perceive them as weighing too much
This study examined whether the parents of children who were overweight at two and five years of age perceived their children as being too heavy and related the findings to sociodemographic factors. MethodsThe data collection included parental questionnaires and anthropometric data from a longitudinal birth cohort of 2,666 children born in the southwest region of Sweden in 2007‐2008. ResultsWe found that 14.9% and 11.8% of the children were considered overweight or obese at the age of two and five, but 96.4% and 87.1% of their parents perceived their weight to be just about right at these ages. The difference was statist...
Source: Acta Paediatrica - December 1, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sara Berggren, Josefine Roswall, Bernt Alm, Stefan Bergman, Jovanna Dahlgren, Gerd Almquist ‐Tangen Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research