Systemic Inflammation Mediates the Associations Between Abdominal Obesity Indices and Lung Function Decline in a Chinese General Population

Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research

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ABSTRACT: Introduction: In high-income countries, persons of high socioeconomic status (SES) have a lower cardiovascular risk. However, in middle and low-income countries, the results are controversial. Objective: To evaluate the association between family income and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults. Methods: A total of 2,063 individuals of a birth cohort initiated in 1978/79 in the city of Ribeir ão Preto, Brazil, were evaluated at age of 23/25 years. Cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL)...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
AbstractObesity and insulin resistance are at the centre of most cases of metabolic syndrome (MetS), which may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease approximately 2 ‐fold and type 2 diabetes mellitus approximately 5‐fold. Aside from lifestyle intervention and drug therapy, bariatric surgery (BS) is considered a definitive treatment for this disease.
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: JDI UPDATES Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Licia Iacoviello, Marialaura Bonaccio, Giovanni de Gaetano, Maria Benedetta DonatiAbstractBreast cancer is the leading cause of death in women aged 20 to 50 years, with some geographical difference. The yearly incidence of the disease is increasing while the related mortality is steadily decreasing. Breast cancer is associated not only with specific hormones or factors related with reproduction, but mostly to more general environmental factors, linked to socioeconomic conditions and lifestyles (smoking, stress, physical exercise...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Obesity and its metabolic syndrome, including liver disorders and type 2 diabetes, are a worldwide epidemic and are intimately linked to diet. The gut microbiota interaction has been pointed to as a hot topic of research in the treatment of obesity and related metabolic diseases by influencing energy metabolism and the immune system. In terms of the novel beneficial microbes identified, Akkermansia muciniphila (A. muciniphila) colonizes the mucosa layer of the gut and modulates basal metabolism. A. muciniphila is consistently correlated with obesity. The causal beneficial impact of A. muciniphila treatment on obesity is co...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: MitochondrionAuthor(s): Pallavi Shukla, Srabani MukherjeeAbstractPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder characterized by irregular menstrual cycles, hyperandrogenism and subfertility. Due to its complex manifestation, the pathogenic mechanism of PCOS is not well defined. Cumulative effect of altered genetic and epigenetic factors along with environmental factors may play a role in the manifestation of PCOS leading to systemic malfunction. With failure of genome-wide association study (GWAS) and other studies performed on nuclear genome to p...
Source: Mitochondrion - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In Kuwait, about 50% of schoolchildren are obese or overweight based on the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, with higher prevalence of obesity in boys [1]. Thus, a large proportion of children can be considered at risk of developing non-communicable diseases later in life.
Source: Primary Care Diabetes - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Brief report Source Type: research
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