Namibia: Hepatitis E Infections Still Rife in the Country - Break 7000 Mark

[Namibia Economist] The Ministry of Health and Social Service recently revealed that the country has recorded a 65% increase in new infections of hepatitis E.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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Authors: Park SH, Lee MS, Kim SR, Kwak YG Abstract BACKGROUND: Healthcare personnel (HCP) are at risk of being exposed to or transmitting infections in hospitals, and vaccination against vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs) is a well-known preventive strategy. Vaccination against influenza, hepatitis B virus, measles-mumps-rubella, varicella, and pertussis is recommended for HCP. However, there is no information on the current status of hospitals' vaccination policies for HCP in Korea. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide survey on hospital vaccination policies and barriers to implementing recommended vaccination ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of anti-HEV total antibodies of hospitalised patients was high. The risk factor significantly associated with antibody positivity was eating raw meat. Other factors, such as sex, age, living area and contact with animals were not associated with antibody positivity. PMID: 32228821 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Sizemore L, Fill MM, Mathieson SA, Black J, Brantley M, Cooper K, Garrett J, Switzer WM, Peters PJ, Wester C Abstract INTRODUCTION: In April 2017, the Tennessee Department of Health (TDH) was notified of an increase in the number of persons newly diagnosed with HIV in eastern Tennessee in the same month. Two were identified as persons with a history of injection drug use (IDU) and named each other as syringe-sharing partners, prompting an investigation into a possible HIV cluster among persons with a history of IDU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TDH and public health staff members in eastern Tennessee collabo...
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
This study shows an increased rate of several different cancer types in hepatitis C patients compared to those who do not have HCV. How does cirrhosis impact cancer incidence?Liver International
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Gastroenterology Journal Article Source Type: news
How does loss to follow-up impact treatment effectiveness of DAA regimens for hepatitis C? Which individuals might be at a higher risk of treatment failure due to LTF?Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Gastroenterology Journal Article Source Type: news
Context: In the midst of the current opioid epidemic, states have selected differing legislative routes implementing pathways to ensure access to clean needles and syringes. Objective: To determine whether states that implemented laws supporting syringe exchange programs (SEPs) had reductions in transmission rates of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV infection compared with states without such laws. Design and Setting: Utilizing a longitudinal panel design, we determined the legal status of SEPs in each state for years 1983-2016. Disease transmission rates for this period were estimated via a simple Poisson regress...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research
Variation in the risk and severity of many autoimmune diseases, malignancies and infections is strongly associated with polymorphisms in the HLA class I loci. These genetic associations provide a powerful opportunity for understanding the etiology of human disease. HLA class I associations are often interpreted in the light of 'protective' or 'detrimental' CD8+ T cell responses which are restricted by the host HLA class I allotype. However, given the diverse receptors which are bound by HLA class I molecules, alternative interpretations are possible. As well as binding T cell receptors on CD8+ T cells, HLA class I molecule...
Source: eLife - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Computational and Systems Biology Immunology and Inflammation Source Type: research
FDA is proposing to reclassify certain Hepatitis C (HCV) diagnostic tests from class III to II. Once finalized, tests of this type and use will go through FDA’s 510(k) pathway. Learn more: https://go.usa.gov/xvCuw  &https://go.usa.gov/xvCuH  pic.twitter.com/UXLETnMnJj
Source: Food and Drug Adminstration (FDA): CDRHNew - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and management ofCoxiella burnetti infection in children have not been summarized and updated since 2002.Recent FindingsAerosolization from the birth process of infected mammals accounts for almost all cases. Diagnosis requires a compatible clinical picture and serology that meets the criteria for acute or for persistent focal (chronic) infection. Acute disease is rarely diagnosed in children but it is not clear whether this is because infection is rare, infection is usually asymptomatic, or the diagnosis is usually missed. Fever is the main manifestation ...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Today, the @US_FDA proposes to reclassify two types of hepatitis C virus (HCV) diagnostic tests from class III to II. If this reclassification is finalized, tests of this type and use may go through the FDA’s 510(k) pathway for clearance.
Source: Food and Drug Adminstration (FDA): CDRHNew - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Source Type: news
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