Medical News Today: ¿Cuáles son los primeros signos de diabetes tipo 2?

Reconocer las primeras se ñales de la diabetes tipo 2 es de vital importancia. Recibir tratamiento y hacer los cambios de estilo de vida apropiados lo antes posible puede reducir el riesgo de desarrollar otros problemas graves de salud. Más información aquí.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes Type 2 Source Type: news

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ConclusionStudies on arthroplasty survival should systematically mention gender and diabetes status and beware of potential group incomparability.Level of evidenceIII, cohort study.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Sui J, He M, Wang Y, Zhao X, He Y, Shi B Abstract Sphingolipid metabolism is dysregulated in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, the focus of previous studies was mostly limited to ceramide (Cer), and only few studies have investigated other metabolites, including sphingosine-1 phosphate (So1P). The present study aimed to examine the involvement of 8 major sphingolipid metabolites, including Cer, glucosyl ceramide (GluCer), lactosyl ceramide (LacCer), sphingomyelin (SM), sphinganine (Sa), So1P, sphingosine (So) and sphinganine-1-phosphate (Sa1P), during the progression of T2DM, and to evaluate the ab...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Germacrone cooperates with dexmedetomidine to alleviate high-fat diet-induced type 2 diabetes mellitus via upregulating AMPKα1 expression. Exp Ther Med. 2019 Nov;18(5):3514-3524 Authors: Sun Y, Li L, Wu J, Gong B, Liu H Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of germacrone (GM) and dexmedetomidine (DEX) in treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A high-fat diet (HFD)-induced T2DM rat model was established. The experimental rats were divided into the control group, HFD group, GM treatment group, DEX treatment group and GM + DEX treatment group. In addition, adenosine...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Salguero MV, Al-Obaide MAI, Singh R, Siepmann T, Vasylyeva TL Abstract Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a potent endotoxin present in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, causes chronic immune responses associated with inflammation. In the present study, the association between LPS and the dysbiosis of Gram-negative bacteria in the gut microbiome was determined in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and chronic kidney disease (T2DM-CKD; stages 4 and 5, not on dialysis) compared with healthy individuals. Microbiome diversity was analyzed in patients with T2DM-CKD and healthy controls by sequenci...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Sphingosine-1-phosphate induces islet β-cell proliferation and decreases cell apoptosis in high-fat diet/streptozotocin diabetic mice. Exp Ther Med. 2019 Nov;18(5):3415-3424 Authors: He Y, Shi B, Zhao X, Sui J Abstract Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has been reported to enhance the function of islet β-cells, providing a potential therapeutic target for diabetes mellitus. In the present study, the effects of S1P on the proliferation and apoptosis of β-cells in type 2 diabetic mice were investigated. The mice were administered intraperitoneal S1P solution daily at a dose of 20 µg/kg f...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
We report a case of a 37-year-old man with a history of recurrent episodes of vomiting and long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy did not reveal any findings of reflux esophagitis or obstructive lesions. A gastric emptying time scan showed prolonged gastric emptying half-time (344 minutes) indicating delayed gastric emptying. Laboratory tests revealed elevated fasting serum glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c, 12.9%) and normal fasting C-peptide and insulin levels. We performed Roux-en-Y reconstruction after subtotal gastrectomy to treat gastroparesis and improve glycemic control, and the...
Source: Journal of Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Gastric Cancer Source Type: research
Authors: Sharma VM Abstract Growth hormone (GH) is a pleiotropic hormone that coordinates an array of physiological processes including growth and metabolism. GH promotes anabolic action in all tissues except adipose, where it catabolizes stored fat to release energy for the promotion of growth in other tissues. However, chronic stimulation of lipolysis by GH results in an increased flux of free fatty acids (FFAs) into systemic circulation. Hence, a sustained release of high levels of GH contributes significantly to the development of insulin resistance by antagonizing the anti-lipolytic action of insulin. The mole...
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by persistent hyperglycemia. Its two most common forms are type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), for which genetic and environmental risk factors act in synergy. Because it occurs in children and involves infectious, autoimmune or toxic destruction of the insulin-secreting pancreatic beta-cells, type 1 diabetes has been called juvenile or insulin-deficient diabetes. In type 2, patients can still secrete some insulin but its effectiveness may be attenuated by ‘insulin resistance.’ There is also a group of rare forms of diabetes...
Source: Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
TYPE 2 is a life-long condition that requires careful management to ensure the risk of the disease doesn ’t get worse. Certain lifestyle choices are known to raise blood sugar levels and what a person eats and drinks could either help or hinder the condition. Consuming a certain drink, especially in the morning, could help lower blood sugar levels throughout the day. What is it?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Purpose of review Chromium(III) has been proposed to have a nutritional or pharmacological role in changing body composition and improving symptoms of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and related conditions although the mode of action of Cr(III) at a molecular level has failed to be elucidated. This review details the current status of studies into Cr(III) supplementation. Recent findings Clinical trials, meta-analyses and systematic reviews have failed to demonstrate clinically significant effects from Cr(III) supplementation on body composition or symptoms of insulin resistance and related conditions in humans a...
Source: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care - Category: Nutrition Tags: MICRONUTRIENTS: Edited by Henry C. Lukaski and VĂ©ronique Coxam Source Type: research
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