Medical News Today: What to do about swollen gums

Swollen gums can occur due to gingivitis, pregnancy, and infection. Treatment typically depends on the cause, and good oral hygiene can prevent them. Learn more here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dentistry Source Type: news

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AbstractWomen experience a higher incidence of oral diseases including periodontal diseases and temporomandibular joint disease (TMD) implicating the role of estrogen signaling in disease pathology. Fluctuating levels of estrogen during childbearing age potentiates facial pain, high estrogen levels during pregnancy promote gingivitis, and low levels of estrogen during menopause predisposes the TMJ to degeneration and increases alveolar bone loss. In this review, an overview of estrogen signaling pathways in vitro and in vivo that regulate pregnancy-related gingivitis, TMJ homeostasis, and alveolar bone remodeling is provid...
Source: Odontology - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Periodontal disease is significantly and positively correlated with increased risk of hypertension in Chinese population, and exact mechanisms of this association should be explored in future. Introduction Periodontal disease is a complex polymicrobial inflammation, including gingivitis and periodontitis. According to the 2015 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, the prevalence of severe chronic periodontitis in 2015 has reached 616 million (Kassebaum et al., 2017). In China, the periodontal disease standardized DALYs rate has risen from 24.7 in 1990 to 25.7 in 2013 according to the data from 2013 GBD ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
The oral health status of pregnant women in low-resource communities such as Nepal has not been well characterized. This sub-population is also of specific interest given associations between poor oral health ...
Source: BMC Oral Health - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Conclusion: The most pregnant women in the third trimester, showed a prevalence for gingivitis. They reported brushing their teeth three times a day and using dental floss daily.
Source: Revista clinica de periodoncia, implantologia y rehabilitacion oral - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Abstract Oral health directly affects overall health and quality of life. More Americans lack dental insurance than medical insurance. Patients with poor oral health are more likely to have respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and diabetes mellitus. Early childhood caries is the most common chronic condition in American children. Certain illicit and prescription drugs increase the risk of enamel erosion and caries formation in adults. Incision and drainage is the treatment of choice for dental abscess. Risk factors for periodontal disease include smoking, diabetes, human immunodefic...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Preethi Balan, Yap Seng Chong, Shivshankar Umashankar, Sanjay Swarup, Wong Mun Loke, Violeta Lopez, Hong Gu He, Chaminda Jayampath Seneviratne
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study was designed to describe the pattern of the oral conditions in pregnancy compared to the non-pregnant controls. Two hundred and twenty-five pregnant women and 166 non-pregnant controls were studied from two healthcare facilities in Ilorin. Oral-related complaints were assessed in the pregnant population while both of the groups had an oral cavity examination. The mean age of the respondents was 28.24 years ±4.77 and 80% had at least a secondary school level of education. The prevalence of oral complaints among the pregnant women was 19.1%. Gingivitis was more common among the pregnant women than th...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
This study included 30 non-pregnant women (mean age 27.93  ± 6.61 years) and 30 pregnant women (mean age 28.93 ± 4.04 years). Each participant presented with the clinical symptoms of generalized, moderate-to-severe gingivitis. Saliva samples were collected by using the spitting method, and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples were collected by using the intrasulcular method at baseline and after 3 weeks. Non-surgical periodontal treatment (NPT) comprising scaling and oral hygiene instruction was administered after sample collection. The interleukin-6 and interleuk...
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Abstract Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of nonsurgical periodontal therapy considering the salivary stress-related hormone and cytokine levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) on pregnant and nonpregnant women. Material and Methods Thirty non-pregnant (control group) and 30 pregnant women (test group) that met the study inclusion criteria were chosen. Only participants with gingivitis were included. Clinical data and samples of GCF and saliva were collected at baseline and after periodontal therapy. The levels of interleukin-1 beta ( Κ -1 β ) and IL-10, and concentration o...
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Dental treatment of expecting women has a beneficial effect on the prolongation of pregnancy by decreasing the rate of prematurity and perinatal complications. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(24): 978-984. PMID: 29888663 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
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