SOARD Category 1 CME Credit Featured Articles, Volume 15, May 2019

Lindsey N. Clark, Melissa C. Helm, Jon C. Gould
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Tags: Continuing medical education program Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe benefits of FENO-based management are attenuated among obese mothers and those with excess GWG, indicating the importance of weight management in contributing to improved asthma management in pregnancy.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Discussion Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare disorder. It is usually considered an autosomal recessive disorder but there is significant intra-familial variability. There are multiple genes (~20 currently) involved and it is believed that the phenotypic variability is due to “…differences in the total mutational load across different BBS associated genes….” It is a ciliopathy where mutation changes in proteins in the cilias causes problems in the cilia’s functioning particularly signaling. Cilia are important in signaling to maintain tissue and cellular homeostasis. Obviously screening o...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Paulina Kleniewska, Rafal PawliczakAbstractBronchial asthma and obesity are common health problems. Obesity is already responsible for 300,000 deaths per year.AimsThe aim of the present study was to assess whether apocynin, alpha lipoic acid and probiotic administration in combination with low-fat diet supplementation influences the levels of antioxidant enzymes in the pulmonary tissues of obese asthmatic mice.Main methodsThe study was performed on male C57/BL6 mice divided into 10 groups: (I) control; (II) asthma; (III) obesity; (IV) asthma‚Ä...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 July 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Yilan Liu, Jing Yu, Yan-Chuan Shi, Yi Zhang, Shu LinAbstractThe epidemiological investigations and animal model experiments have confirmed the impact of obesity on the brain, behavior, and cognition. However, the mechanism by which obesity affects cognitive function is not fully understood. With the development of an aging society, there is an increase in the economic and social burden caused by the decline in cognitive function. This manuscript reviews the effects of inflammation and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) on the hypothalamus, hippo...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundSleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the most popular bariatric procedure. Although bariatric surgery is recommended for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Asian patients with BMI 27.5 –32.4 kg/m2, reported evidences, especially following SG, are still lacking.MethodsPatients ’ data from June 2016 to June 2018 that underwent SG as primary surgery at our setting were analyzed. Patients with T2DM, without insulin use and BMI 27.5–30 kg/m2, were our main criteria. Preoperative and postoperative parameters were as such: age, BMI, T2DM duration, anti-diabetic medications, fasting plas...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are widely used as therapies for venous thromboembolism and other cardiovascular diseases. However, routine coagulation monitoring is not required, but may be clinically indicated in high risk populations including obese patients.
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Full Length Article Source Type: research
a Han The current study explores the moderation of the relationship between obesity and labor market outcomes by direct employment efforts such as job hunting and job training of young adults. The study used data provided by the Korean Education and Employment Panel, a longitudinal data survey comprising middle and high school students from 2004 to 2015. Two dependent variables were assessed in this study: employment status and wage. The individual-level fixed effects were controlled. Despite having more direct employment efforts of either or both experience in job hunting and job training, compared to normal-weight co...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe data collected confirmed the existence of safety concerns on herbal dietary supplements used for body weight control, mainly related to quality of products and their use as self-medication. In this scenario, spontaneous reports represent the only tools available to monitor safety of these products.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractDespite major improvements in combatting metastatic melanoma since the advent of immunotherapy, the overall survival for patients with advanced disease remains low. Recently, there is a growing number of reports supporting an “obesity paradox,” in which patients who are overweight or mildly obese may exhibit a survival benefit in patients who received immune checkpoint inhibitors. We studied the relationship between body mass index and progression-free survival and overall survival in a cohort of 423 metastatic melan oma patients receiving immunotherapy, enrolled and prospectively followed up in the NYU...
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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